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tify the curiosity of the learned, and with other courses of the trees (prealso to enable him to instruct his class, viously shortened in their branches and in the approaching session, in those roots) stratum above stratum, till the new doctrines oi chemistry, which are box is filled, when the whole must be pregnant with such auspicious results trodden down, and the lid properly seto the philosophy of nature and the cured. The trees will want no care, various chemical arts.

even during a voyage of ten or twelve A correspondent of Nicholson's months; the moss being wonderfully Journal, has discovered a process for retentive of moisture, and seeming to obtaining from ginger, an acid, which possess an antiseptic property, which he proposes to call Zingiberic. One totally prevents fermentation, or puounce of the best white ginger was in- trefaction. In fact, vegetation actufused two or three days, in six ounces ally proceeds during the time the trees of nitrous acid; after which, rather remain inclosed; shoots being formed more than an equal quantity of water both from the branches and roots, was added, and the whole was kept at which, however, are blanched and ten. the heat of 212°, adding water to der, for want of light and air, to which supply the loss by evaporation, till the the trees consequently require to be nitrous smell had disappeared. Car- gradually inured. This moss is very bonate of lead was then added to sa common in most parts of Europe and turation, and the solution filtered; af- America, which renders the applicater which the lead was precipitated tion more easy, and the discovery more by sulphuric acid, and a second filtra- important. tion was made. By evaporating the M. Lenormand has succeeded in profiltered liquor, an acid similar in ap- ducing a fine colourless varnish with pearance to short white pieces of raw copal. As all copal is not fit for this silk, was obtained, which oxidates zinc purpose, tó ascertain such pieces as and iron, and dissolves potash, soda, are good, each must be taken sepaand ammonia, barytes, strontian, lime, rately, and a single drop of pure esmagnesia, and the oxides of zinc, iron, sential oil of rosemary, not altered by lead, and copper. The zingiberic acid keeping, must be let fall on it. Those differs from the sulphuric, sulphurous, pieces which soften at the part that carbonic, oxalic, tartarous, citric, mu- imbibes the oil, are good; reduce them cous, succinic, and camphoric acids, in to powder, which sift through a very forming a soluble salt with barytes and fine hair sieve, and put it into a glass, lime ; from the nitric, nitrous, muri on the bottom of which it must not atic, acetic, acetous, sebacic, malic, lie more than a finger's breadth thick. and prussic, by remaining in the solid Pour upon

it essence of rosemary to a form at 212° ; from the benzoic, and similar height; stir the whole for a suberic, by its greater solubility; and few minutes, when the copal will disit does not, like gallic acid, precipitate solve into a viscous fluid. Let it stand copper of a brown colour,

for two hours, and then pour gently Mr William Curtis, of the Botanic on it two or three drops of very pure garden, Brompton, has been rewarded alcohol, which distribute over the oily by the Society of Arts, for his valua- mass, by inclining the bottle in differble application of the Long White ent directions with a very gentle moMoss of the Marshes (Sphagnum pa- tion. Repeat this operation by little lustre. Linn.) to the packing of young and little, till the incorporation is eftrees for exportation. This is done by fected, and the varnish reduced to a squeezing out part of the moisture from proper degree of fluidity. It must then the moss, and laying courses of it be left to stand a few days, and when about three inches thick, interposed very clear he decanted off. This var

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nish, thus made without heat, may be appears far superior to all those hiapplied with equal success to paste- therto known. It takes from that subboard, wood, and metals, and takes a stance the smell by which it is distinbetter polish than any other. It may guished, and which is always in probe used on paintings, the beauty of portion to its malignant qualities. The which it greatly heightens.

manner of preparing 24 ounces of opiM. Fournier has invented an appa um is as follows:-Macerate in rain. ratus, for determining with precision, water for five days: then boil for a the quantity of spirit contained in any quarter of an hour with two pounds liquid, to which he gives the name of of pulverized charcoal : strain, and alcohometer, or ænometer. This in- clarify with white of egg, and, by a strument is composed of a glass tube, suitable evaporation, you will obtain six or seven inches long, and placed twelve ounces of extract. vertically upon a cap of copper, and M. Hiernke, has invented a new having a graduated bar of the same kind of bellows, in which the current metal attached to its centre. At the of air may be increased or diminished, place where the bar enters the tube without interrupting its action. adjusted to its base, there is a screw, M. Bozzini has announced, in seby which it is hermetically closed, veral Journals, 'the invention of a maand which prevents the liquid to be chine, intended to throw light into the analysed from spilling. This little ap- interior of the animal body. It is paratus stands upon three legs: at the composed of a recipient containing foot is a lamp with spirit of wine, pla- the light; of tubes which direct its ced under the copper cap, and directly rays to the cavities which it is wished beneath the bar, to heat it quickly. to enlighten ; and of reflecting tubes On one of the legs is a moveable fer. which transmit the luminous rays to rule, with a damper, for the

purpose

the
eye

of the observer.
of moderating, at pleasure, the action : On the 22d of August, last year,
of the flame, and thus preventing the M. Andreoli, and M. Brioschi, asa
liquid of the tube from running over. cended in a balloon at Padua. When

In order to obtain acetate of potash the mercury had fallen to fifteen white and well crystallized, it is ne- inches, about the height of three miles cessary to employ distilled vinegar, and an half, the latter began to feel and very pure and saturated carbonate an extraordinary palpitation of the of potash, because if there were potash heart, without any painful sensation in excess, that alkali would give out in breathing. When the mercury was charcoal and colour the solution and down to twelve, (four miles and an the salt. In order to avoid this in- half) he was overpowered with a pleaconvenience, and to make acetate of sing sleep, that soon became a real lepotash in an economical manner, M. thargy. The balloon continued asLenoble advises to dissolve carbonate cending, and when the mercury was of potash in common vinegar, to eva- about nine inches, (near six miles,) porate the liquor to dryness, to subject M. Andreoli perceived himself swolthe salt to aqueous fusion, then to dis- len all over, and could not move his solve it in pure water, to filtre through left hand. When the mercury had charcoal, and to evaporate the liquid fallen to 8,5 (about six miles and a gently in a silver basin. In this way quarter,) the balloon burst with a loud a perfectly white salt is obtained.

explosion, and began to descend raM. Parmentier, whose Jabours are pidly with 'much noise, which awoke always directed to some useful end, M. Brioschi. It fell about twelve has made public a new method of pre- miles from Padua, without any injury paring the extract of opium, which to the aerial travelers.

EPI

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i

EPITAPHS.

Yet take these tears, mortality's relief,

And, 'till we share your joys, forgive (Continued from p. 445.)

our grief;

These little rites, a stone and verse re. 42. The following lines, engraved ceive, on a stone, were afterwards found to be 'Tis all a father, all a friend can give. over the burial-place of Prince Henry,

A. POPE. son of James the First of England. 45. In the Cathedral Church de

Notre-Dame, at Antwerp in Brabant. Reader, hence! and ask not me Who's these sacred ashes be?

Illmu, ac Revmo. Domino

F. Ambrosio Capello,
Purposely it is conceald,
For, the precious name reveal'd,

ordinis praedicatorum All that read would sadly sigh,

VII Antverpiensium Episcopo. Melt themselves in tears and die.

In vita, et in morte In this marble basket lies

Archi-Elcemoesynario A matchless jewel-Heaven's prize ;

(dixi satis :) Which nature, in the world's disdain, Eleemosynari ex asse haeredes pio et Just shew'd, and then put up again.

grato animo. P. P.

M.DC.LXXVI. 43. Inscription sur une tombe.

46. On Henry Chicheley, founder, Bonnes gens qui par icy passez,

of All-souls College, Oxford. 1443. Priez Dieu pour les trespassez : Bonnes gens qui passez par icy,

Pauper eram natus, post primas hic re.

levatus, Priez pour ce pauvre homme.c'y. Qui par icy passez, bonnes gens, Jam sum prostratus, et vermibus esca A prier Dieu, soyez diligens

paratus, Pour un certain maistre Gregoire,

Ecce meum tumulum. Qui ne mourust que de trop boire.

47. 44. In Sherborne Church, On Mr Here lieth Richard a Preene, Robert Digby, and Miss Mary Digby. Of March the xx day,

One thousand, five hundred, eighty nine,

And he that will die after him, may. Go, fair example of untainted youth, Of modest reason, and pacific truth ; 48. At St Olaves, Hart Street. Go, just of worth, in ev'ry thought sin

D. F.

P. cere,

os. nguis. irus. risti, ulcedine. avit, Who knew no wish, but what the world

H. Sa. M. Ch. M. L. might hear:,

49. Of gentlest manners, unaffected mind, Lover of peace, and friend to human Here lieth he, who was born, and cryed,

Told three score years, fell sick, and Compos’d in sufferings, and in joy se dyed. date,

50. Good without noise, without pretension Here lies John Hubberton, great ;

And there lies his wife, Go, live, for Heaven's eternal year is Here lies his dagger, thine,

And there lies his knife : Go, and exalt thy moral to divine.

Here lics his daughter,

And there lies his son ; And thou, too close attendant on his doom,

Heigh for brace John Hubberton. Blest maid, hast bạsten'd to the silent 51. In the chancel of the Church

of Taunton St Magdalen. Steer'd the same course to the same quiet shore,

Here Mr Joseph Allein lies, Nor parted long, and now to part no

To God and you, a sacrifice. more.

(To be continued.)

Further

D.

Qu. A.

kind;

tomb;

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Further Remarks on the Second Exhi- The composition, partly owing to the bition of SCOTTISH Paintings. subject, is very much scattered ; the

colouring unharmonious, and the light (Continued from p. 674.)

injudiciously distributed. 107.- A Landscape. A. GEDDES. the artist, however, great credit for THIS piece is too much executed the good conception of the different

with the pallet-knife; but may circumstances in the picture ; and if be pronounced a clever, and rather the figures had been more correctly learned picture, and much after the studied from nature, and more caremanner of Rembrandt.

fully grouped, he would doubtless have 108. The Wooer's Visit. A. CARSE. proved more successful. This artist has deservedly attained 116.- A young Lady at her Toilet. considerable reputation ; and he cer G. WATSON.- This picture was extainiy is not deficient in the expression bibited in London last year. It is or character in his figures ; an atten. very ingenious artifice to give a profilo tion to which constitutes the chief and front view of the face, which is merit of an artist in his department. produced ty the reflection in a mirror, At the same time, we generally observe and extremely well painted. We too much of a family likeness, toge- have seen an engraving in mezzotinther with a want of variety and anima- to from this picture, which tion in his pictures: as an instance, it cessfully conveys the original effect. may be remarked, that the wooer far 120.-A Storm. D. THOMSON. more strongly resembles the old wo- This is a distinct, beautifully drawn, man's brother, than her intended son, and chastely coloured piece of painting. in-law. Sufficient attention does not The gleam of light thrown from the appear to have been given by this ar- sky, and the aerial perspective, are ad. tist to studies after the antique ; the mirably managed. The sea agitated only infallible method, in our opinion, by a storm is, perhaps, one of the greatof acquiring a correct taste in drawing est difficulties the artist has to encounfigures of any kind. The subjects of ter ; but in this piece we conceive the still life are by far the best parts of painter to have completely succeeded Mr Carse's pictures. In the present in his design. Perhaps the figure instance, we would particularly remark introduced in the fore-ground might the admirable style in which he has have been habited and placed in an treated the furniture of the table, and attitude rather more consistent with the dish of potatoes in the woman's the general character of this picture. hands; to which we may add, that 126.-Landscape Composition. The his knowledge of reflected lights ap- Rev. JOHN THOMSON.—This picture ears to us to be very accurate. belongs to that class of subjects, in

111.-- Portrait of John Usher, which we consider Mr Thomson as Esq, Darnock. G. WATSON.--This peculiarly sucessful. In the composi. is a very pleasing portrait, deep in the tion he admits general and great ideas tone, well drawn, and harmoniously alone, never stooping to the minutia coloured ; and, we are informed, is an of objects. The colouring is grave admirable likeness. It points out to and harmonious; all sudden transitions, us, that Mr Watson's skill keep space in light and shadow, or in colouring, with the increase of his reputation as being carefuliy avoided, as unsuitable

to the subject. But in this instance, 113. Country Fair. A. CARSE. we rather conceive this contempt of We think that the figures in this pic- particulars to have been carried too ture are still more incorrectly drawn far, and that there is hardly air enough than those in the 6 Wooer's Visit." in the distance. October 1809.

We

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an artist.

We have to regret, that this is the graving by Strange. In this, as in the only picture in the exhibition not pain- other pictures of Mr Raeburn, we parted by a professional artist. Though ticularly observe his great skill in the we are by no means desirous to see management of his back grounds.the walls of the exhibition room cov In expressing our opinion of this picered with the productions of boarding- ture, we must, however, observe, that scheol. misses and young gentlemen, the right leg of the figure is perhaps we cannot help expressing a wish that too long, and the curvature of the Mr Thomson's example were followed horse's neck overstrained. by those private individuals, whose 158.-Landscape Composition. J. progress in the art fully entitles their FOULIS. This picture is well compoproductions to be submitted to the pub- : sed; with a good warm tone of coJic notice.

lour, although the penciling is perhaps 129.- Portrait of a Gentleman (Gen. rather slovenly. We notice with saMaxwell.) H. RAEBURN. To ex tisfaction the improvement of this arpress every thing we could wish of tist. this artist's productions, would, we 166.- Portrait of James Byers, Esq. fear, extend too far the limits of this of Tonley. J Moir. This is a deepcritique ; and it happily is unnecessary toned, forcible picture ; well drawn, for us to state, with any minuteness of and an excellent likeness of this acdetail, the peculiar merits he possesses, complished Judge of the art. which are so generally known, and Towards the close of the exhibition, have deservedly acquired for him so this artist produced several other porgreat a reputation. In our opinion, traits, which reflect great credit on this may be considered one of Mr his talents. Raeburn's best portraits; altho', per 183.-- Portrait of a Gentleman, haps, the shadows in the face partake (Walter Scott, Esq.) H. RAEBURN. rather too much of a purple tint.- –To say that Mr Raeburn's portraits We shall have immediate occasion to are admirable likenesses, is the least speak at greater length of the produc- part of the praise they deserve. The tions of this artist.

figure of Mr Scott is in a meditating | 144.--Portrait of a Gentleman on posture, seated beside a ruin, with a Horseback, (Harley Drummond, Esq.) favourite dog, (to the poet's regret, H. RAEBURN. -We feel ourselves puz- alas ! now no more) couching at his zled to point out which part of this feet; and a castellated building is seen picture most to praise. The colouring in the distance. Every one who is is harmonious, and forcible ; the po- acquainted with Mr Scott's celebrity sition of the figure is at once easy, as a poet and antiquarian, must admire graceful, and dignified; and the atti

the tude of the horse, which is commanding, reminds us strongly of a portion of the celebrated picture of Charles I. and the ing ascertained, was removed to thedining Marquis of Hamilton, by Vandyck, room. An old woman, whose business it in the collection of the Earl of Mo was to clean the floors, having supposed ray *, of which we have a spirited en

that this picture would also be improv. ed by a rub, set to work on it with sand,

&c.; but, fortunately, a person on whom * This fine picture is at Dunabristle, nature had bestowed a small portion of a seat of the family, in Fifeshire, which discernmen:, entered the room, and in. ihey occasionally visit in summer. terrupted her progress, else, this fine spe

This picture was some sime ago dis cimen of the art, (half of which, how. covered in a garret, and its excellence be ever, is considerably injured,) would

ing have been destroyed for ever!

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