Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

Besides Major-General Bowles, Colonel hesitation in declaring, that it appears, in Capper, who signed and distributed the or. his judgment, impossible, under any corders of General

M‘Dowall, has been super- rect construction, to attach any offensive seded by the government.

meaning to words where injury was not After the departure of Gen. Macdowally meant, and where the intention of offence the Government, on the 6th of February, assuredly did not exist. Having stated this issued explanatory and conciliatory General explanation, the Hon. the Governor in orders, in vindication of the measures pur- Council deemed it his further duty to ob. sued by the Governor in Council. They serve, that the question which has been unstate," that it being desirable that the cir- der deliberation is now considered as concumstances connected with that measure cluded. The further agitation of a subject should be distinctly and publicly under- of this nature would be availing for no purstood, there being reason to believe that a pose but that of disturbing the established great degree of misapprehension has hither

course of public affairs, and for the excite to existed, the Governor in Council thinks ment of feelings injurious to order and auit proper to state, that the Quartermaster- thoritò ; and it will be, accordingly of imGeneral was placed under arrest by the portance to the public welfare, that the cir. late Commander in Chief, on charges cumstances connected with it should be confounded on a report which was submitted signed to oblivion.' by the Quartermaster-General, in confor- These orders, however, had not the efmity to express orders; which report ha- fect of appeasing the army. When Colonel ving been approved and adopted by the Capper and Major Boles were suspended, Commander in Chief, Lieutenant-Gen. Sir the army voted 20001. a-year to the Col. John Craddock, was communicated to the and 15001. to the Major, during the suspen. Right Hon. the Governor in Council of sion; and a paper had been handed about, Fort St George, and finally laid before the containing charges to be preferred against Supreme Government, under whose ap- Lieut.-Colonel Munro, for his subsequent probation and order it became the founda- conduct. These charges are conceived in tion of measures already known to the ar- most virulent language. The concluding my. In these circumstances, the Quarter- charge is, “ For ungentleman-like conduct, master-General could be considered no in endeavouring to avoid a trial on the longer responsible for proceedings so sanc- charges that had orginally caused his artioned, and it would have been inconsistent rest; those charges, if proved, being highly with the evident principles of justice, that derogatory to his name, both as an officer a public officer should have been liable to and a gentleman; by such conduct, forget the obloquy of a trial for an act not his, ting the respect due to his high station on but that of his superiors. The question the Staff of the army, shewing an utter diswhich, in sach case, would have been sub- regard for his reputation, affording premitted to the cognizance of a military tri- sumptive appearance of guilt, and disgrabunal, would not have involved only a dis- cing the honourable character of the procussion of the conduct of the Quartermas- fession.” ter-General, but would have extended to The animosity which had been generathe measures of the principal civil and mi. ted by this affair shewed itself on repeated litary authorities in this country ; measures occasions, in the refusal of the officers of difwhich had undergone the maturest consi- ferent regiments to accept invitations frona deration, and which had been carried into the Governor. effect under the most formal sanction. I On the 25th of February, the officers of must be apparent that a discussion, involv- the 2d battalion of the 1st regiment of roying consequences of this nature, would have als were invited to dine with the Goverbeen contrary to law, contrary to reason, nor on the 1st of March. At a meeting ruinous of public confidence, and subver- held, it was resolved unanimously, with sive of the foundations of military discip- the exception only of the commanding ofline and public authority. The Governor ficer, that they could not accept the inviin Council desires that the officers of the tation. They pleaded previous engagearmy will be assured that this Government ments. The Governor was irritated at would not be less solicitous to vindicate this, and threatened to report their contheir honour and reputation, by rejecting duct to his Royal Highness the Commanall injurious imputations, if such could have der in Chief; but, on the interference of been supposed, than the officers of the ar. General Gowdie, the officers yielded, and my could have been solicitous in their own were to dine with the Governor on the 1st vindication. The Governor in Council has of March. accordingly, under this impression, been The 1st battalion of the 18th regiment, led to an attentive consideration of the ex- on arriving at Madras, waiced, in a body, pressions which are understood to have to pay their respects to the Governor ; but, been deemed objectionable, and he has no on receiving an invitation to dine with him, an hour afterwards, all declined the invita. culated to destroy every foundation of distion.

cipline, obedience, and fidelity. Among the unpleasant occurrences which The secrecy observed in preparing this have arisen from these dissensions, the Go- seditious paper prevented, for some time, vernment ordered some young men of the the discovery of the persons engaged in institution to join their corps, for the of- that proceeding; but it has now been osfence of having refused to mess with a young certained, that Captain Josiah Marshall, man who had gone to one of Lady Bar- late secretary to the military board, and lor's parties.

Liturenant-colonel George Martin, lately It appears that, connected with the prin- permitted to proceed to England, were cis ai cause of controversy, there were vari principally concerned in preparing and cirous sources of jealousy, arising from the culating the memorial in question, and that command the civil Governmenë erercised, Lieutenant-colonel the honourable Arthur in ordering the march of the troops, with. St. Leger, was active in promocing its cirout the privity of the Commander in Chief. culation, employing the influence which

'These are a few of the particulars which he derived from the important command have reached us from India; and we have, confided to him by the government, for the besides, heard, that the Court of Directors

purpose of attempting the subversion of its have already passed resolutions sanctioning authority, and spreading disaffection athe conduct of their Governor, and, by im

mong

the
troops

which ië had entrusted to plication, censuring that of their late Ćom

his charge, mander in Chief.

It has also been ascertained, that Major I would appear, from the following Ge- I. De Morgan has been active in the circaneral Orders, which were issued on the 1st lation of the memorial. of May, that several officers had persist- The Governor in council is also under ed in their opposition to the Civil Govern- the necessity of noticing another paper, of ment.

a most dangerous tendency, lately in circuGENERAL ORDERS BY GOVERNMENT.

lation at some of the military stations, pur

porting to be an address from the officers Fort St George, May 1.

of the army to Major Boles, the late depuThe zeal and discipline by which the ty adjutant general. In this address, a military establishment of Fort St. George right is assumed to decide on the acts of has long been distinguished, induced the the government, by condemning, in unGovernor in Council to expect that the mea- qualified terms, the sentence of suspension sures, which the violent and intemperate passed on Major Boles; and an encourageacts of the late commander-in-chief had ment is held out to other officers to violate imposed on the government, would be re- their duty to the government, by affording ceived by all the officers of the army,

with a pecuniary indemnification, not only to the sentiments of respect and obedience Major Boles, but to all such officers as shall prescribed by the principles of military suffer by any act of the government, which subordination, and due to the government the subscribers to the address may deem by which those measures were adopted, as exceptionable. This paper, so incompatible well as to the authorities to which they with the military character, and so repug. were ultimately referred. The Governor nant to the fundamental principles of mili. in council has however learned, with a de- tary discipline and government, was forced gree of surprize proportionate to the con. on the attention of the governor by Capfidence which he reposed in the discipline tain James Grant, commandant of his boof the army, that soon after the departure dy-guard, who, while holding that confiof the late commander in chief, proceed. dential situation, and employed, by order ings of the most unjustifiable nature, and of the Governor in council, under the Re. correspondent to the example which he had sident at Travancore, transmitted a copy afforded, were pursued by certain officers of the paper to be laid before the Governor,

with an avował thai he had affixed his sig. The most reprehensible of those pro- nature to it, and a defence of the grounds ceedings consisted in the preparation of a on which he adopted that proceeding. paper addressed to the right honourable It has also been ascertained, that a pathe governor general, purporting to be a per, of a similar tendency, has been circu. remonstrance, in the name of the army, a- lated among the officers of the corps of argainst the acts of the government under tillery at the Mount, and that its circulawhich it serves.

tion has been promoted by Lieutenant-coThis paper is not more hostile to the lonel Robert Bell, the officer commanding authority of this government, than to the first principles of all government. It main- The Governor in Council regrets that tains opinions, directly adverse to the con- he is obliged to notice also the conduct of stitution of the British service, and is cale Lieutenant-colonel Chalmers (command

of the army

that corps.

ing in Travancore,) and Lieutenant-colonel the presidency of Fort St. George, and its Cuppage (lately commanding at Malabar, dependencies, is vested in the Governor in and employed with the troops under his council. It is, therefore, to be distinctly command in Travancore,) who appear to understood, that no officer, of whatever have taken no steps whatever, either to rank, while serving under the presidency repress or report to the government the of Fort St George, can, without incurring improper proceedings pursued by part of the penalties of disobedience to the legis the troops under their orders. It is not lature of his country issue any order in · suflicieni for officers holding commands to violation, or to the derogation of the auavoid a participation in such proceedings; thority of the government; and that every it is their positive and indispensable duty officer, complying with an order of that to adopt the most decided measures for description, under any pretence whatever, their suppression, and to report them to renders himself liable to the forfeiture of their superior authorities.

the service, and to such legal penalties as It has further been ascertained that Cap- the nature of the case may demand. tain J. M. Coombs, assistant Quarter-mas- While the Governor in Council deems ter general in Mysore, has been concerned it to be proper to afford the foregoing exin these reprehensible proceedings. planation, he feels himself, at the same

It becomes the painful duty of the Go- time, bound to acknowledge that the prinvernor in Council to mark with the dis. ciples to which he has adverted had never pleasure of the government, the conduct of been called in question, until the publicache above mentioned officers, who have tion of the above-mentioned order of the been engaged in a course of measures e- late commander in chief. On the contrary, qually dangerous to the existence of dis.

these principles had been invariably acted cipline, to the foundations of legal govern- upon by the government, and by the offiment, and to the interests of their country. cers of the army of this presidency, whe

The under-mentioned, officers are as- have been no less distinguished for their cordingly declared to be suspended from obedience and discipline, than for their atthe service of the honourable the company, chievements in the field. The Governor until the pleasure of the honourable the in Council also experiences the most sincere Court of Directors shall be known : satisfaction in publishing his conviction,

Lieut.-Col. the Hon. Arthur St. Leger. that the majority of the army have resisted Major John De Morgan.

all participation in the improper and danCaptain Josiah Marshall.

gerous proceedings described in this order ; Captain James Grant.

and it is an act of justice to the troops of Lieutenant-colonel Commandant Robert his majesty's service to declare his entire Bell is removed from all charge and com- approbation of the order, discipline, and mand until the pleasure of the honourable steady adherence to duty, which they have the Court of Directors shall be known, invariably manifested. but he is permitted to draw his regimental

The information before the government pay and allowances.

does not enable the Governor in Council Lieutenant-colonel conimandant J. M. to distinguish, by the expression of his apChalmers is removed from the command probacion, all the troops of the company's of the subsidiary force in Travancore. service that have manifested the same dis

The under-mentioned officers are remo- position; but he deems it to be proper to ved from their staff appointments, and or- notice, on this occasion, the satisfactory and dered to join the corps to which they stand exemplary conduct of the part of the arattached :

my composing the Hyderabad subsidiary Lieutenant-colonel John Cuppage. force. The Governor in Council is, also Captain J. M. Coombs.

confident that such officers as have inadThe Governor in Council considers it to vertently yielded to the misrepresentations be proper to avail himself of this occasion, of individuals, who have been engaged in to correct a misapprehension, highly dan- the prosecution of designs equally facal to gerous in its tendency, which has arisen in the honour and to the interests of the arthe minds of some of the officers of the ar- my, will in future manifest, in the service my, with regard to the nature of the au- of the government, the obedience, fidelity, thority of the Governor in council. This and zeal, which constitute the first princimisapprehension appears to have origina- ples of their profession, which have higherted in the general order published by the to distinguished the army, and which are lare commander in chief, on the 28th of indispensable to the prosperity of the BriJanuary last, from which it might be in- tish empire in India. ferred, that the authority of the Governor By order of the Honourable the Gover, in council is only of a civil nature ; where- nor in Council, as, by the express enactment of the legis. (Signed) A. FALCONER, lacure, the entire military government of

Chief Secretary to Governme, May 1, 1809.

CHINA, The Honourable the Governor in Coun. cil has been pleased co make the following The Portuguese priest, Father Rodrigo, appointments :

who acted as interpreter to Admiral Drury Major T. H. S. Conway to be Adjutant, and to Mr Roberts, in all the transactions general of the army, with the official rank that occurred during the late misunderof Lieutenant-colonel, vice Cuppage. standing between the English and Chinese,

Captain P. V. Agnew to be Deputy Ad- incurred, by the active and zealous part jutant-general of the army, with the offi- that he took in the affairs of that time, the cial rank of major, vice Conway.

high displeasure of the Viceroy and princiLieutenant-colonel T. Clarke to be com- pal mandarins of Canton. Father Rodrigo mandant of artillery, with the staff allow- had been long regarded by the Chinese ance annexed to that station, and a seat at with an unfavourable eye; possessing an the military board, vice Bell.

inquisitive mind, and great personal enterMajor Sir John Sinclair, Bart. to be prise, he some time ago, with danger and commissary of stores, in charge of the arse- difficulty, succeeded, under the disguise of nal of Fort St. George, vice Clarke.. a Tartar, in making his escape to Pekin;

Lieutenant A. E. Patullo to command and after residing some time unknown in the Honourable the Governor's body-guard, that capital, he returned safely to Macao. vice Grant.

This clandestine visit became known someCaptain J. Doveton, of the 7th regi- tine afterwards to the government of ment native cavalry, to be paymaster at Canton, upon which the mandarins expresVizagapatanı, vice Marshall.

sed their abhorrence and indignation at the The following officers, who have been imposition, as they termed it, that had been suspended from the service of the honour- thus practised by the father. able company until the pleasure of the On Admiral Drury's proposed visit to court of directors shall be known, are di- Canton, with the fleet of armed boats, Fasected to hold themselves in readiness to ther Rodrigo accompanied the admiral; proceed to England, by such opportunities and on the Chinese firing from their fort as the honourable the Governor in council and war-boats upon the admiral's barge, this may think proper to point out, viz.- spirited priest stood erect upon the stern

Lieutenant-colonel 'the Honourable Ar. sheets, and taking his cowl in his hand, thur St Leger.

cheered with three loud huzzas; thence inMajor Thomas Boles.

tending, as the Chinese allege, and as was Major John De Morgan.

probably the truth, to incite the English Captain Josiah Marshall.

seamen to attack, and reduce the fort and Captain James Grant.

war-boats to instant subjection. In this Lieutenant-colonel St. Leger is further and the whole course of the transaction, directed to repair to the presidency with the Padre proved a willing and useful agent out delay.

to the English interests. The Chinese, The honourable the Governor having though silent, particularly remarked his been pleased to appoint Lieutenant-colonel conduct, and determined to take the first Henry Conran, of his majesty's royal regi- opportunity to sacrifice the father Rodriment, to comniand the whole of the troops go, as a proper victim of their resentment. composing the garrison of Fort St. George ;

All the differences with the English the Governor in council directs, that Colo- were allowed to be adjusted; Admiral nel Conran shall be considered to be enti- Drury, with the principal men of war, the tled to the same allowances as other offi. transports and troops, were allowed to leave cers holding commands under the appoint- China, before the viceroy and mandarins ment of the Governor in Council.

judged it prudent that their resentment By order of the Honourable the Covere should burst upon the head of the Padre, nor in Council,

As soon as the English ships and the troops (Signed) A. FALCONER,

had sailed, and the usual tranquillity was Chief Secretary to Government. restored, Father Rodrigo was treacherousBy order, Major-general Gowdie, com

ly inveigled beyond the Portuguese bounmanding the army.

daries, when he was seized and sent a pri

soner to Canton. The Chinese were elated (It is with much concern we add, that with their success, they gloried in the posthe Lady Jane Dundas Indiaman, on board session of their captive, and the chief manof which General Macdowall, and several darins did not conceal the determination other officers were embarked, is reported of their government to put him to death, to have been lost in a violent hurricane off as an atunement to the offended dignity of the Mauritius, in company with six other the empire. ships which are missing.)

The Portuguese government were fully

satisfied satisfied that there was no alternative, but

WEST INDIES. to allow Father Rodrigo to be put to

CAPTURE OF ST DOMINGO. death, or to effect his liberation by an appeal to force. They did not hesitate to The city of St Domingo has surrenchoose, and the latcer determination was dered to a division of British troops from preferred. The Ulysses, a Portuguese ship Jamaica, under the command of Majorof war, and an armed brig, were moored, General Carmichael, of which the folas close as the water would admit, to two lowing account is given in his dispatchneighbouring Chinese forts, while the Por- es to Lord Castlereagh. tuguese troops marched out of Macao, and

St Carlos, before the city of St Domingo, invested the forts on the land side. Mr Roberts, the chief English super-cargo, at

My Lord, July 8, 1809. the same time ordered the company's ships

I have the pleasure to inform your to suspend their intercourse with the shore; Lordship, that I sailed from Jamaica on and preparations were made for such offen

the 7th ult. with the troops as per warsive measures as the case might require. gin*, and landed at Polingue, the nearest Affairs being in this train, the Padre was landing place, thirty miles distant from now demanded in due form. It was pe- the city of St Domingo, on the 28th remptorily required that he should be forth- inst. when I immediately proceeded to with delivered up, unhurt; and it was de- reconnoitre the forts and fortifications, clared, that in the event of any unnecessary which was completely effected on the delay, the two forts, which were closely 29th, and fully satisfied me that the invested, should be stormed, and that the

walls and bastions were assailable by a life of every man in the two garrisons should be held answerable for the personal coup de main; and considering the garrisafety of Padre Rodrigo. The Portuguese for a constant siege of eight months, it

son, who had bravely defended them were resolutely determined to carry their threats into execution ; and their resolu- appeared to me that prompt and deci.. tion did not escape the penetration of the sive measures were most prudent before Chinese, who foreseeing the danger and a gallant enemy, and would obviate the bloodshed that would certainly arise from evil effect of open trenches, in the rainy a perseverance in the attempt, either to season, the only foe to be dreaded by punish or to detain the father, wisely ac- this

corps, and which had already made quiesced in the demand, and Rodrigo was

a severe impression on the Spanish natriumphantly restored to freedom, to his friends, and his country.

tives of the country, four hundred out This instance of the good effect resulting

of six hundred of their best regiment from the just, bold, and honourable conduce being rendered ungt for service, and of the Portuguese on this occasion, is an

would probably be attended with more example that we trust will not be lost in mortality to the British troops than a any future case of misunderstanding with conflict upon the walls. the Chinese. Moderation and forbearance, His Excellency Gen. Sanchez, from like every other virtue, have their bounds. whom I met, on the 30th ult. the most A passive acquiescence in every caprice kind and cordial reception, being very and unreasonable prejudice, is an unmanly sick some time before, and, I am griev. expedient; it is the sacrifice of a principle ed to say, still continues so, by fatigue to temporary convenience, and must tend

and liver disease, ordered the Spanish to produce, with accumulated force, the evil that it seeks to palliate.

troops at the different posts to execute An officer of one of the late China ships any directions given by me, which they reports, that notwithstanding the settlement cheerfully performed by a forward of the recent differences at Canton, and movement, immediately and effectually the re-establishment of commercial inter- cutting off the communication between course, the principal mandarins at that the city of St Domingo and the strong place have evidently conceived an unfortu. fortress of Fort Jerome, which, by conate prejudice against the English, which vering the only landing place, preventwill not easily be removed. They attribute

ed our communicating with the squad, every misfortune which befalls their people in their transactions with us, as entirely

Having owing to an intention on our part to injure them, and fail not on the slightest pretence * The Royal Irish, 54th fout, 55th to represent their grievance to the superior ditto, 2d West India regiment, and Porpowers.

to Rico regiment, in all about 2700 men

ron,

« ZurückWeiter »