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Having the same evening refused the nition, and provisions, which I found French General's application for an ar. him ever ready most cordially to afford. mistice, I advanced with a detachment With humble submission to the Al. of the Spaniards to the Church of St mighty Disposer of events, full confi. Carlos, and established my quarters dence in a just cause, and British hearts there, within musket-shot of the city, to maintain it, I wrote to General Barconfident that the British troops would quier, on the French garrison again rebe with us that night; which, however, fusing to lay down their arms, and imwas rendered impracticable, by heavy mediately made the following disposi. and incessant rain, until the following tion:night of the ist, after suffering the The first brigade, under the command greatest fatigue and privations, drag- of Lieut. Col. Horsford, who preferred ging the field-pieces on bad roads, and that command to the duty of Deputydreadful weather, and passages of rivers Adjutant-General. without proper conveyance.
The second brigade, under Major The 1st of July I received another Curry of the 54th regiment, Lieut.-Coletter from General Barquier, which I lonel Smyth of the 55th regiment, a vam answered, by allowing him until twelve luable officer, not having joined by the the next day, for an answer.
Diego transport, in which he was emIn consequence of a continual fire of barked, being a bad sailer, and whose musketry from the walls, whilst the absence I would have greatly regretted, white flag was up, I moved forward as well as the excellent officers and men with a party of dragoons, and sent an with him, had the expected engagement Aid-de-Camp to demand the cause, who taken place. On firing the first gun was very politely received, and assured from the enemy, the reserve to be formed by General Barquier, that the inhabi of the Royal Irish, and 54th grenadiers; tants were firing at immense numbers fifty men of the 2d West India regi. of wild pigeons flying over the walls, ment, and the same number of the l'orbut that he would give strict orders for' to Rico regiment, as this body had sufit to cease during the suspension of hos- ficient cover, as long as the walls of the tilities. On the 2d inst. I received a church and my quarters remained, upletter from General Barquier, respect- on which above twenty guns and one ing the movements of the troops to St mortar bore, at the distance of 388 Carlos, which had been occupied on the yards. I directed Brig. Gen. French, 30th ult, when his overture for negotia- a most active aná zealous officer, to tion was rejected. On the 3d the Com- take up a position at a hollow about missioners for the capitulation met; 150 paces distant in my rear; should those on the part of the French having the garrison attempt a sortie upon the declared that their instructions were reserve, to wait their close approach, positively not to surrender, which I al- charge bayonets, and follow them into so understood by prisoners and intercep- the city. Had the enemy remained ted letters, and as I did not think my- within the gates, false attacks and feints, self justifiable in admitting any other at different points, were to be made du. terms, the meeting adjourned until a ring the night ; and scaling ladders becommunication could be had with the ing prepared, a general assault was to Commander of the naval forces.
take place in open day, the first favour. In consequence of bad weather, the able opportunity, a lodgement effected answer was not received until the 6th upon the bastions, but the troops not inst, which perfectly coincided with my to enter the streets till further orders. opinion, as to the only terms that could During this hour of suspense under be granted to the enemy. I was also arms, the only sensation perceptible informed, that the river Huna had over- was impatience for attack; and the fowed its banks, and we were thus se. countenance of every British soldier, at parated from the greater part of the ord. that interesting period, depicted a resonance, stores, and our provisions, which lute determination to plant the glory of further determined me to bring the England, with the points of their bayomatter to immediate issue, as I stated nets, upon the fortified walls of St Do. to Captain Cumby, and requested that mingo. The hour having expired, I .co.operation in armed seamen, ammu. sent my Military Secretary, Captain
Twigg, to know the reason the white ficers afforded me a constant experience flag was continued after the time elapsed, of their zeal, abilities, and anxiety for and not any answer returned to my let the most honourable termination of the ter? He met, at the gate, Lieut.-Col. enterprise, and which sentiments, I can Myers, announcing that the ultimatum assure your Lordship, actuated every had been agreed upon, and the garrison officer, non-commissioned officer, and consented to lay down their arms as pri. soldier, upon the expedition. soners of war.
It would be ingratitude in me, my I also detached Major Walker, of the Lord, were I to omit stating, in the Royal Irish, with the three light com- strongest possible terms, the cordial co. panies of the Royal Irish, 54th and 55th operation, as I have already noticed, regiments of foot, to Fort Jerome, a ve. and efficient aid the army received ry strong fortress about two miles west from Captain Cuniby, commanding his of the city, with orders, on the com. Majesty's squadron before the city, who mencement of the action, to force the also landed two officers, Lieutenants gate with a field.piece, and storm by Duncan and Sheriff, with a detachment the sally port, the walls being too high of seamen, who were of infinite service, for escalade. Upon his summons, Capt. and cheerfully underwent the most seGillerman, who had no provisions but vere fatigue and labour. biscuit left, gave the answer of a brave It is impossible for me to pass over in soldier, that he would abide the fate of silence the very great assistance I re-' the city.
ceived from William Walton, jun. Esq. The honour of his Majesty's arms, an English gentleman who formerly remy Lord, has been maintained without sided in the island, and whose acquaintthe loss of one British soldier, by shot ance with the country, inhabitants, and or sickness, or having recourse to that languages, rendered his voluntary and glorious, but at the same time deplo. able service of the most essential benerable, resource-the assault of a popu- fit, as Private Secretary to me, during lous city. When it is considered the the expedition. courage and persevering fortitude of
I have the honour to be, &c. the French garrison, with their superio.
H. L. CARMICHAEL, ? rity of position and numbers, I trust Major-General, commanding his, his Majesty will not disapprove of the
Britannic Majesty's Forces at measures taken for their reduction, the
the city of St Domingo. magnitude of the object obtained, and
(Here follows an uninteresting correthe terms granted to the enemy; and which will be delivered to your Lord-spondence respecting the suspension of hosti
lities.) ship by my Military Secretary, Captain Twigg of the 55th regiment, to whom
GENERAL ORDERS. I beg leave to refer for further information, and earnestly recommend him as Head.quarters, St Carlos, July 5i 1809. · an officer deserving such mark of favour Providence having peculiarly favouras his Majesty may be graciously plea- ed this expedition in a just cause against sed to confer.
the French garrison in the city of St DoI have, my Lord, now a further most mingo, and having, within less than one gratifying duty to perform; that of ma- month after the embarkation at Jamaiking known to his Majesty the most ca, brought the enemy to propose a ca. zealous and indefatigable exertions of pitulation, the Major-General commanthe following officers-Brigadier-Gene- ding considers the weather now set in ral French, second in command; Lieut.- so far from adverse to the disposition he Colonel Horsford, commanding the first has made, that the more severe the rains, brigade; Lieut.-Col. Smith, command. the greater the advantage to the Bria ing the royal artillery, whose abilities tish troops, who are not upon any acand unwearied attention surmounted count to be exposed to wet until the uncommon difficulties ; Lieut.-Colonel moment of attack. The out piquets Myers, Deputy Quartermaster-General, and sentries to be immediately supplied and Commissioner to arrange the arti- with hides; they will observe the utcles of capitulation.
most vigilance, and preserve their arms The prominent situation of those of constantly loaded and dry, so as ot
give timely notice should the enemy
ITALY. be daring enough to make a sortie. SUBVERSION OF THE PAPAL STATES. The Major General will not permit a It has been well said that Bonaparte's single soldier's life to be unnecessarily ambition never sleeps. It cannot wait. exposed; but should hostilities recom
the result of his operations against Ausmence at this moment, he is fully pre tria-it must be gratified on the instant, pared; and trusting in the Almighty and hence we find a decree drawn up Disposer of Events, will lead to glory while he was marching to Vienna, the gallant troops he has the high ho.. wbich seizes and unites the states of the nour to command.
Pope with the French empire, considerAlthough the enemy, by temerity, ing them as merely leaseholds, which involve themselves and the inhabitants
were granted by our illustrious prede. of a populous city, in a sanguinary and
cessor, Charlemagne, and which have fruitless conflict, British soldiers, in the now lapsed to him. In all these ambi. moment of victory, will have mercy on tious strides he seems to take a pride in a prostrate foe, as the brave and gene. shewing how far he can outrage and inrous cannot be cruel.
sult the common sense and patience of By command, T. COLEMAN, B. M. mankind. Acting D. A. Gep.
It may be asked why. Bonaparte In consideration of the brave defence should select this particular moment for of the garrison, under long and severe annexing the Papal States to France ? privations, they will be allowed to march To this we may reply, that it is in his out with the honours of war, and lay policy, whenever he is supposed to be down their arms; the officers to wear in difficulties, to do something dashing, their swords, and have their parole not by which he attempts, and too often to serve until duly exchanged; the men succeeds, in awing and intimidating his to be prisoners of war.
adversaries. When Austria and Russia H. L. CARMICHAEL. were menacing him with a coalition, he [Here follow the articles of capitula England he declared himself King of
seized Genoa-During the peace with tion, 16 in number, by which the garri. Italy—and now, when he sees the geson become bound not to serve against neral belief to be that he is in great danGreat Britain, or her allies, until
ger, he hurls this decree against his ene
mies, and says, “ You think that I am Admiral Rowley has transmitted a humbled and defeated, and that I shall dispatch, of the same date with the a. lower my pretensions and designs-I bove, from Capt. Cumby, of the Poly. will convince you that I am not humphemus, who had the direction of the bled, by seizing the Papal States, at this daval operations on this important ser- moment, and annexing them to the vice. The conduct of all the officers, French empire." seamen, and marines, during a close and
Rome, June 10. rigorous blockade of two months, was This morning, about ten o'clock, unhighly meritorious; and the unremitting der a salute of the artillery in the castle perseverance with which the vessels of St Angelo, the đecree of his Majesmaintained the stations assigned them, ty the Emperor and King, by which through all the weather incident to the the States of the Pope are to be united season, on a steep and dangerous shore, with France, was announced in the prin. where no anchorage was to be obtained, cipal squares of this city. This happy and the vigilance and alacrity of the change in our circumstances was recei. night guard boats, by which the ene. ved with the utmost tranquillity, and my's supply by sea was entirely cut off, the inhabitants of Rome bave in reality and the surrender of the city greatly ac- discovered much satisfaction and pleacelerated, had received his and the Ge. sure on receiving this intelligence, which neral's strongest approbation. The puts an end to the uncertainties hitherCaptain was making the necessary ar- to attending their political existence, rangements for embarking the garrison, The decree, dated from the imperial about 1200 in number, on board the head.quarters, at Vienna, the 17th May squadron, and dispatching them for 1809, is expressed in the following Port Royal with all possible expedition, words:
* Napoleon, Emperor of the French, mence its operations there on the ist of &c. Considering, that when Charles January 1810. magne, Emperor of the French, and
(Signed) NAPOLEON. our illustrious predecessor, presented to
H. B. MARET. the Bishops of Rome various lands, he According to a decree of the same resigned them only to them as lease. day, May 17. 1809, the extraordinary holds, to strengthen the loyalty of his consulta, mentioned in the former desubjects, and with a view that Rome cree, shall consist of the following memshould form a part of his empire.
bers :-Of the General of Division Considering that as the union of the Miollis, Governor-General, President; two powers, the spiritual and temporal, Salicetti, Minister of the King of Nahas been, since that period, as it is still ples; Degerande, Januet, Del Pozzo, at this day, the source of incessant dis- and 'Debalbe, Secretaries. This conputes ; that the spiritual Princes have sulta is ordered to take possession of studied nothing but to augment the in-' the Papal territory, so that the transia fluence of a power which enabled them tion from the old to the new order of to support and maintain the assumption things may be unperceived. of others; and for that reason the spi- No sooner was the extraordinary conritual powers, which were invariable , sulta appointed and organised, than it in their policy, have interfered with the issued to the city and states of Rome a temporal, which change according to the proclamation, which, after some pomcircumstances and policy of the times : pous professions, concludes thus :
“ Considering, finally, that all that Rome continues to be the seat of we have proposed to reconcile to the the visible head of the Church, and the safety of our armies, the tranquillity of richly endowed Vatican, freed from all our people, the interest and security of foreign influence, and raised above all our empire, with the temporal preten. vain terrestrial cares, shall be to the usions of the spiritual Princes, has proved niverse the parent and most conspicuous in vain,
religion. Other pursuits shall preserve “ We have decreed, and do decree as in
annals the inheritance of ancient follows:
fame'; and the sciences, the progeny of Art. 1. The States of the Pope are u.
genius, patronised by a great man, and
enriched by all the antient examples and nited with the French empire.
models, shall no longer depend for the 2. The city of Rome, thc first see of support of their godlike reputation on Christendom, so famous for the remem- the labours of former times. brances which it affords, and the monu
"Such, Romans, is the prospect which ments it contains, is declared an impe: is opened to you for the future, and of rial and free city. Its government and which the consulta, that has now been internal policy shall be regulated in a made public, is to lay the foundation. separate decree.
“ To secure your public debt, im3. The monuments of Roman gran- prove your agriculture and arts, in every deur shall be preserved and maintained respect to ameliorate your condition, at the expence of our Imperial treasury, and finally to suppress those tears for
4. The public debt is declared to be the future which the prevalence of abuthe debt of the empire,
ses has so often caused to flow,—these 5. The net revenue of the Papal see
are the commands, this is the object of shall be reduced to two millions of
our illustrious Sovereign.
(Signed) francs, free of all burdens and taxes.
“ JANUET. 6. The possessions and palaces of his
Count MIOLLIS, Governor-Genc. Holiness shall be subject to no burden
ral and President. or taxes, and shall enjoy, besides, vari.
In the name of the Committee, ous exemptions.
“ BALB...” 7. An extraordinary consultum, of: The following curious documents the ist of July next, shall, in our name, have made their appearance in the take possession of the Papal States, and French papers. The time was when shall make such arrangements that the they would have driven Bonaparte constitutional government may com- from his throne ; but at present we.
suspect over the Danube at Vienna. The Em
PROTEST AGAINST BONAPARTE.
PIUS VII, PONTIFF.
şuspect they will fall harmless to the Given in our Apostolic Palace, del ground.
Quirinale, this 10th of June 1809.
(Lovc. Signi.) Pius PAPA VII.
EXCOMMUNICATION OF BONAPARTE. The dark designs, conceived by the
PIUS VII. PONTIFF. enemies of the Apostolic See, have at length been accomplished. · After the By the authority of God Almighty, violent and unjust spoliation of the fair. and of St Paul and St Peter, we declare est and most considerable portion of our you, and all your co-operators in the dominions, we behold ourselves, under act of violence which you are execuunworthy pretexts, and so much the ting, to have incurred the same excomgreater injustice, entirely stripped of munication which we, in our apostolic our temporal sovereignty, to which our
letters, contemporaneously affixed in spiritual independence is intimately u
the usual places of this city, declare to nited. In the midst of this cruel perse. have incurred, all those who, on the cution, we are comforted by the reflec- violent invasion of this city on the ad tion that we encounter such a heavy of February of last year, were guilty of misfortune, not for any offence given the acts of violence, against which we to the Emperor or to France, which have protested, as well really in so mahas always been the object of our affec- ny declarations, that by our order have tionate paternal solicitude, nor for any been issued by our successive Secretaintrigue of worldly policy, but from an ries of State, as also in two consistorial unwillingnes to betray our duties. To collocations of the 16th of March and please men, and to displease God, is not the nth July 1808, in common with all allowed to any one professing the ca. their agents, abettors, and whoever tholic religion, and much less can it be else has been accessory to, or himself permitted to its head and promulgator, been engaged in, the execution of those
As we, besides, owe it to God and attempts. to the church to hand down our rights, Given at Rome, Santa Maria Magúninjured and untouched, we protest giore, June 1oth, in the joth year of against this pew violent spoliation, and our Pontificate. declare it void and null. We reject,
(Lovc. Sigi.) Prus PAPA SEPTIMUS. with the firmest_resolution, any allowance which the Emperor of the French may intend to assign us, and to the in
AUSTRIA AND FRANCE, dividuals composing our college. We The foreign papers which have been should all cover ourselves with igno- received, though they come down to a miny in the face of the church, if we very late date, throw but little light on suffered our subsistence to depend on the The state of the negotiations between power of him who usurps her authority. Austria and France. The armistice,
We commit ourselves entirely to Pro. there is reason to believe, has been re. vidence, and to the affection of the newed, though no official notification of faithful; and we shall be contented that renewal has appeared in the French piously to terminate the bitter career of papers. According to some accounts, our sorrowful days. We adore, with it was prolonged to the 5th of Octoprofound humility, God's inscrutable ber; according to others, to the 30th of decrees; we invoke his commiseration October; and a month's notice, accordupon our good subjects, who will ever ing to some, is to be given before the be our joy and our crown; and after renewal of hostilities. But, according having in this hardest of trials done to the best authenticated accounts, it what our duties required of us, we ex. was to continue only to the 16th of Sephort them to preserve always untouch. tember. Meanwhile, the general opi. ed the religion and the faith, and to u- nion in Germany seems to be, that the nite themselves to us, for the purpose war will be renewed. Bonaparte has of conjuring with sighs and tears, both been incessantly employed in reviewing in the closet and before the altar, the his troops. Passau and Vienna are Supreme Father of Light, that he may strongly fortified; and every exertion vouchsafe to change the base designs of has been made to strengthen the bridges pur persecutors.