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peror of Austria is no less actively em- stadt has issued a proclamation, in ployed; leyies are incessantly arriving which he says that all those who shall from Hungary; and, besides the troops keep up any dangerous correspondence of the line and the militia, a levy en mase with the Austrian army, or who shall se is raising, comprising the whole male send to it provisions, arms, stores, or population of the country. This levy any recruits raised in the countries ocis called the landsturm, and great hopes cupied by the French armies, shall be are entertained of its efficacy. That considered as traitors, and punished as the Emperor Francis has not sunk into such. The following proclamation has despair, is evident from the following been just published and stuck up : general orders subscribed by himself, “ A great number of arms has been which have fqund their way, it is diffis found buried under ground 'uear this cacult to say how, into the Munich Court pital ; ten thousand muskets bave been Gazette :
seized just as they were entering Pres“ My beloved subjects, and even my burgh ; several millions of florins were enemies, know that I did not engage in hid at the time that the French entered the present war from motives of ambia Vienna; they have been discovered and tion, or a desire of conquest; self-pre, seized. Several millions of bank.notes, servation and independence, a' peace and a great number of bills belonging consistent with the honour of my crown,
to the Austrian Government, are still and with the safety and tranquillity of hidden in different places. His Majesmy people, constituted the exalted and ty, being desirous of rewarding those sole aim of my ambition. The chance who help to make such discoveries, of war disappointed my expectations, grants the quarter of the value of the the enemy penetrated into the interior of thing found to whoever shall cause to my dominions, and overran them with all be discovered either muskets or warlike the horrors of war; but he learned at stores, soldiers' clothing, bank-notes, the same time, to appreciate the public money, or claims belonging to the Ausspirit of my people, and the valour of trian Government. These declarations my armies. This experience, which he may be made in writing, or verbally, dearly bought, and my constant solici- either to the Intendant General, or tude to promote the prosperity of my even to the Governors of provinces, or, dominions, led to a negotiation for peace. in fine, to any French agent. My Ministers empowered for that pur- " At the Head quarters of Schoenpose have met those of the French Em brunn, the 7th of September 1809. peror. My wish is an honourable peace;
4 ALEXANDER, a peace the stipulations of which offer Prince of Neufchatel, Vice Constable, a prospect and the possibility of dura- Major-General of the army." tion. The valour of my armies, their The works undertaken by the French unshaken courage, their ardent love of engineers at Spitz for the defence of their country, their desire, strongly pro. Vienna are not yet completely finished. nounced, not to lay down their arms till They are also mounting on the bastions an honourable peace shall have been ob- of the city large pieces of artillery.tained, could never allow me to agree to The regency of Lower Austria has pubconditions which threatened to shake lished that their resources are inadethe very foundation of the monarchy, quate to meet the requisitions and conand disgrace us. The high spirit which tributions of war, and that it is conanimates my troops affords me the best strained to levy a personal tax upon the security, that, should the enemy yet inhabitants of Vienna and the provinces. mistake our sentiments and disposition, In consequence thereof, the bishops, we shall certainly obtain the reward of prelates, and abbots, are to pay 150 filoour perseverance.
rins each, the canons 50, the deacons Comorn, Aug. 16. 1809. FRANCIS." and curates 10; all other ecclesiastics The conduct of the French at Vienna 3; and the subaltern monks 2.-The shows clearly the attachment of the in. princes are to pay 5oo, the counts 150, habitants of that city to their own Sove. The barons 40; the knights, privy counreign. We select the following articles sellors, vice-presidents, Aulic counselas a proof of this:
lors, proprietors of ground and buildVienna, Sept. 7.-The Duke of Aver. ings, wholesale merchants, bankers, 15;
bericht te Et per
actual counsellors, agents of court, and were taken into custody, and confined other persons of that description, 12, in the fortress, their counting houses &c. None will be excepted but Mi. closed, and their property seized. A nisters from foreign Courts, and their second deputation from Trieste had suite ; subjects of the Ottoman Porte; reached Vienna, where it had been for infirm old men who are in the hospitals; 20 days, and on the 30th of August had the friars of the Order of Mercy, and not been enabled to obtain an interthose of St Elizabeth; and children un- view with either Napoleon or his Minis: der 12 years of age.
ters. The following are stated, in recent The last German papers give an acJetters from Vienna, as the respective count of the changes in the German ar. positions of the French and Austrian my which have taken place. The Em. armies at the beginning of September: peror Francis has taken upon himself The corps of General Hiller has de. the command of the army. General scended the Danube to Cest, and forms Bellegarde commands under him. His the left wing of the army. The corps Imperial Majesty has called to bis counof Prince Hohenzollern is established cil Generals Chastellar, Kienmayer, and on the side of Gran ; the other corps are Ducas. Klenau has the command encamped on the left bank of the Da. which Bellegarde had formerly. Anube, either on the side of Comorn, or mong the Archdukes, John and Ferdi. towards the frontiers of Bohemia and nand only preserve their command. Moravia, where its last link connects This account, however, is at variance with the first of the army of the Arch. with the statement in the Prague Gaduke Ferdinand. Gen.Guilay commands zette of the 11th Sept. which, among in Croatia.
other articles, publishes the following The French positions are as follow: order of the day, issued when Prince -The army of Italy occupies the terri. Charles resigned the command:tory of the coast of the Adriatic, Carin. “ Zittau, July 31.- Very important thia, Carniola, Styria, and a part of reasons have induced me to request his Hungary : its headquarters are at Raab, Majesty to accept my resignation of the and Marshal Macdonald has his at command of the army intrusted to me. Gratz ; Marshal Oudinot occupies the I yesterday received his consent, and at banks of the Morava, which separates the same time his orders, to transfer the Hungary from Moravia. The Duke of chief command to the General of CavalDantzic occupies Upper Austria, Saltz ry Prince of Lichtenstein. While I burgh, and the frontiers of the Tyrol. leave the army, I take the most lively Marshal Massena occupies the western interest in its fate. The perfect cona part of Moravia, and Marshal Davoust viction I have of its bravery, the confi. the eastern; the Bavarian division is at dence I place in it, and the constant haLintz.
bit of dedicating my exertions to its Since the French had been in posses. service, under this separation, indescri. sion of Trieste, they had committed the bably painful, I Aatter myself that it most wanton acts of plunder on the in participates in, and returns this senti. habitants, which had been permitted by ment. (Signed) CHARLÉS.” their Commander, in revenge for their
The Archduke Charles, it is said, is readiness to permit commercial inter
an advocate for the renewal of hostili, course with England. An order from Bonaparte directed that the city should ties, and has resigned, because the Embe laid under a contribution of fifty mil. peror was of a different opinion. lions of francs. This exorbitant demand could not be complied with. A remon. strance, asserting the inability of the
SPAIN. people to pay this demand, was drawn Numerous accounts have been pubup and sent to Napoleon, signed by the lished of the battle of Talavera, but most respectable part of the inhabi. they add little to our previous knowtants ; but, instead of affording the re. ledge. The French, as usual, make it lief prayed for, about 40 of the mer- a great victory gained by them with chants and heads of families, who had the utmost ease. They even boast of put their names to the remonstrance, having entered Talavera on the 29th
July, though Sir Arthur Wellesley's let.' yet, even with Palafox at their head, ter was dated Talavera, August 1.- they could not stand against their ene. General Cuesta has also given an ac- mies in the open field. But if the war count of the battle, in which he bestows in Spain last a year or two longer, the due praise on the British General and his Spanish troops will become veterans in gallant army.
their turn, and, from their past conduct, Since that battle affairs have taken ra. and the character of the nation, it is easy ther an unexpected turn in Spain, indica. to see that they will not be inferior to ting that the French forces in that un- their enemies in any military quality fortunate country are much more nume- whatever. rous than they were supposed to be. Sir Arthur Wellesley, it is said, has Our information proceeds entirely from been declared Generalissimo of the the Portuguese papers, the accuracy of Spanish armies. This, if true, is a very which cannot be altogether relied on, great advantage, as it will put an end though in the main we believe that the to that want of unity and plan which statements which they give are correct. has hitherto been so injurious to the
While Generals Wellesley and Cuesta Spanish cause. The plan of the French were occupied with Victor and Sebasti- Generals it is easy to see. They meant ani, Soult having united with Ney and to draw Sir Arthur into the centre of Mortier, marched suddenly along the Spain, and then to surround and de. borders of Portugal to Placentia, in or. stroy his army at once, Victor retired der to attack the British in the rear, cut till Sir Arthur had advanced far enough, off their supplies from Portugal, and and till Soult had got into the proper place them between two fires, Sir Ar. position. Then Victor advanced to atthur having early intelligence of Soult's tack the British army. His superiorimarch, suddenly fell back from Talave. ty was such, that he calculated upon ra upon Arcobispo and Almarez, secu- a decisive victory, and Soult with his red the bridge across the Tagus, and re- troops, were to intercept and destroy tired to the south bank of that river.-, the remains of the defeated army. It Victor, aware of the retreat of the com. reflects not a little upon Sir Arthur's bined army, again advanced and occu- military talents that he was able to pepied Talavera a second time, and it netrate and disappoint this plausible: would seem that nothing could prevent plan. Victor was defeated, and the him from joining his army with that of bridge over the Tagus seized before Soult, and thus advancing upon Sir Soult could reach it. The French Gem Arthur with an immense superiority. nerals in Spain seem to be guilty of an
This unexpected retreat of the Bri. error in bringing matters to an issue betish army has induced many persons in fore Bonaparte can send them re-inforce. this country to consider the Spanish ments; whereas, in the present situacause as hopeless, and to blame the con- tion of Europe, decisive battles answer duct of the Spaniards in a way that, to better for Sir Arthur than dilatory and say the least of it, betrays great igno. defensive operations. rance of the state of Spain. We will The following are the positions of the not take upon us to vindicate the con- British army in the beginning of Octoduct of the Junta altogether, tho' even ber: they have been blamed more severely The army are hinted. Head-quartban they deserve. But both the Spa. ters at Badajos. General Sherbrooke's nish Generals and soldiers have behaved division extends from Loban to Meriwith the greatest prudence and steadi- da; a brigade of German artillery is at ness. Cuesta declined encountering the Loban; a troop of horse artillery at French in a pitched battle, as it was ob- Merida, and also some cavalry. Genevious that his new raised levies could ral Craufurd's light brigade of infantry be no match for French veterans in the is at Neisa and Portalegre ; another diopen field. It is not want of courage, vision of the army is near Campo Maybut of discipline and order, that make or and Albuquerque ; the 4th garrison
, raw troops so inferior to veterans in the at Badajos, and the 27th at Lisbon; a
No men could display park of artillery, consisting of four brimore bravery, and few ever displayed gades, is encamped near Badajos. The so much, as the defenders of Saragossa ; convalescent sick are at Elvas, the worst
cases have been sent to Lisbon; the Yesterday two very large ones explolight cavalry is at Villa Viciosa and the ded before our house, and the Royal neighbourhood. The army is extreme- Hospital has been on fire ever since
yesly sickly-about 7000 sick, wounded, terday morning; but the sick and wound. &c. The light cavalry is almost dis- ed have been removed. The houses mounted; a remount for the 14th and are almost all destroyed; but notwith16th arrived from England, under Ma. standing this general mischief and ruin, jor Archer. That fine regiment the it is astonisbing to see the people of the ist, or royal dragoons, commanded by city, and in particular the women, at that excellent officer Gen. Slade, land the doors of their houses, and passing ed, and marched into Belem (ten days along the streets without fear, and even from Cork,) 700 strong, in high order. the military express their surprise at Scarcely a transport in the Tagus, and the insensibility of the citizens, male only tlie Barfleur and Semiramis ships and female, to the dangers to which they of war.
are exposed." We regret to learn by private letters Gen. Blake had' however, been sucfrom Lisbon, that Sir Arthur Wellesley cessful in introducing into Gerona, a had been seized with a fever and ague, oc- very large convoy of provisions, with a casioned by excessive fatigue, and that it considerable reinforcement to the garri.' had been necessary to remove him to Lis. ' bon for a change of air. He was however
On the 28th of July, (the day of the much recovered, and it is said that his visit
memorable battle of Talavera,) the Mar. to Lisbon was to make some arrangements quis of Wellesley landed from an Enfor the better provisioning of his army.
glish frigate at Cadiz. He was recei. The siege of Gerona, by the latest ved with the most enthusiastic joy by accounts from Catalonia, still continues alt ranks. A vast multitude focked with unabated violence, Its defence down to receive him, and his carriage bids fair to rival that of Saragossa itself, was drawn by the populace; a thing very Had every fortified town in Spain made unusual in Spain. as desperate a resistance as Gerona, the A detailed account is given in a létter progress of the French would have been from Cadiz, of the 13th August, of the effectually checked. The following is honours paid to the Marquis of Wellesan extract of a letter written by a lady ley on his arrival there. On the 7th a in Gerona to her friend, describing the grand entertainment was prepared, at siege :
which the Marquis, his 'suite, the heads My dear friend--It is now nine of the government, army, navy, and on o'clock at night, and we have had an ther departments, the British admiral hour's respite, after a bombardment of and other officers of distinction, the Sithree days without a moment's inter cilian ambassador, the Pope's nuncio, ruption. I can find no words capable several of the first Grandees, and other of giving you an idea of the horrors of Spanish noblemen, the principal British this scene. The enemy has 11 mortars, merchants, and others connected in the all of which are discharged at once. We trade of both countries, were present. have 40 balls that have fallen at our own James Gordon, Esq. presided, and Dunthreshold. The Cathedral is in front can Shaw, Esq. was vice-president. Af. of us, and they knowing it is full of ter dinner, the healths of their Majesties people, and that the magazine of gun. George the Third and Ferdinand the powder is adjacent to it, direct their Seventh were drank with three times aims at that edifice. But God assists three. Subsequently the healths of the us, and although six balls have fallen u. Emperor of Austria, Gen. Sir A. Wel. pon the Cathedral, one only has passed lesley, the Archduke Charles, his Holi. through it, which indeed has killed 13 ness the Pope, &c. were drank with women,
and wounded 14 ; but this is no- three. The party afterwards attended thing, considering the number of peo. a ball at the Theatre, which was attendple in the church. All the engineers ed by the nobility, gentry, and merallow that there never was a more se- chants resident in Cadiz and the vici. vere bombardment. The shells are 12 nity. The Theatre was brilliantly illu. and 14 inches in circumference, and minated. A transparency was placed they enclose combustibles which often at the end of the saloon over the stage, occasion confiagration where they 'fall. with a device complimenting General
Cuesta and Sir A. Wellesley, At the Adolphus, by the Grace of God, King of end opposite were placed the Portraits of Sweden, of the Goths, Wends, &c. Duke of the kings of Great Britain and Spain. Schleswick, Holstein, &c. make known,
His Lordship set out on the 10th for Se- that having been proclaimed King this day ville, where he was received with every seven years back, and ascended with a mark of respect by the Supreme Junta. bleeding heart a throne stained with the His Lordship earnestly recommended to blood of a beloved and revered father, we them to take measures for a more vigorous regret not being able to promote the true and effectual co-operation of the Spanish welfare and honour of this ancient realm, armies against their invaders, but declined inseparable from the happiness of a free giving any advice as to their civil form of and independent people. Now, whereas government, or respecting the proposal for we are convinced, that we cannot any a regency
longer continue our royal functions, and
preserve tranquillity and order in this king. SWEDEN.
dom, therefore, we consider it as our sa. In our Magazine for April we gave an
cred duty to abdicate our royal dignity and account of the extraordinary revolution
crown, which we do hereby freely and unwhich had taken place in the government of compelled, to pass our remaining days in this country. We now insert the subse
the fear and worship of God, wishing that quent particulars of this singular event.
all our subjects, and their descendants, may On the 1st of May the diet met, con
enjoy more happiness and prosperity in fuform to summons. The Duke of Suder
ture, through the mercy and blessing of mania addressed the Assembly at consider
God. In testimony and confirmation there. able length, in which he pointed out the of, we have personally written and signed necessity of convoking the States at a cri
this present, and corroborated it with our sis of such great difficulty and danger, and royal seal. conjured them to adopt such measures as (L. S.) " GUSTAVUS ADOLPHU 3." should appear in their wisdom, best calculated to save their country from irretrieve
Gripsholm Castle, March 29. 1809. able ruin. Orders were issued at this
Stockholm, Yune 6. meeting that no persons should go to Haga, the palace where the Queen resides, their approbation to the plan of the new
The States of the Realm, having given without special permission. On the 20th constitution, framed by the Committee in of May all the members of the diet met in one assembly, when the Lord Chancellor
the sitting of the 5th inst. it was at the was ordered by the Regent to read aloud Highness, the Duke Regent, not only his
same time resolved to entreat of his Royal the Act of Abdication made by the King ratification of the said constitution, but also on the 29th of March. Baron Manneinheim then addressed the Diet in a long
his acceptance of the Swedish crown, The
States having accordingly met on the 6th speech, pointing out the miserable situation
inst. in the Great Council-hall, and the to which the country was reduced hy the King's obstinate passion for war, and con
Duke Regent being present, the Marshal
of the Realm addressed him in an approcluded with a motion that Gustavus and his whole issue be deprived of the Crown
priate speech, expressing the above resolu
tions and sentiments of the states, to which of Sweden for ever; which act was acced.
ke returned a short answer, declaring not ed to, with great acclamations, without a dissentient voice. The Duke Regent then
only his approbation of the new constitu. addressed the Assembly in a long speech,
tion, but also his acceptance of the Swe
dish crown. The same day the new King declaring it his opinion, that it was abso
issued the following lutely necessary to new model the constitution; and in the mean time would take
PROCLAMATION, upon himself, as Regent, to manage the
56 We, Charles Xin by the grace of God, public affairs to the best of his ability; re
King of Sweden, &c. to all our faithful questing that nothing should be adopted
subjects, &c. grceting. respecting himself, till the new constitu
" When, under divine Providence, we tion should be drawn up, and submitted to
assumed, some time ago, the provisional their consideration.
government of our beloved native country, Stockholm, May 29.
committed to us by the States of the The following is the act of abdication of Realm, we immediately called the atten. the late King Gustavus Adolphus IV. tion of the Diet to the indispensable and which was read in the sitting of the Diec important task of framing a new constituof the 10th inst.
tion, calculated to promote the tranquillity, “ In the name of God --We Gustavus prosperity, and welfare of the country, by October 1809.