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an irrevocable union between the mutual “ The period is now fast approacha
rights and duties of the King and people ing, when a Prince who lately govern,
of Sweden. The States having informed ed Sweden, but whose claims to the
us, that they have not only performed the Swedish Crown have been solemnly
important task committed to them by us, cancelled by the unanimous resolution
and the confidence of their fellow-subjects, of the States of the Realm, must absent
but also that they have chosen us King of
Sweden and of the Goths and Wends, re.

himself from this country. Their own questing our approbation of that choice ; spontaneous wish agrees on this point

with wh the cordial and loyal manner in which that

the public tranquillity and see election was made, did not allow us to de- curity require. cline its acceptance. Relying on the Om. “ His Royal Majesty has taken the nipotent, who explores the inmost recesses advice of the Secret Committee, on a of the human heart, and knows the since. matter of so much importance, which, rlty and purity of our sentiments, moved however, the state of public affairs does by the most fervent love and zeal for our

not yet permit his Majesty to communative land, which can only cease with our

nicate to the Diet, and he therefore existence, and trusting we shall be most

confines himself at present to the ques. powerfully supported hy the loyal attachment of the noble Swedish nation, we

tion, ' What pension or yearly allowe, have, therefore, accepted the crown and

ance are the States of the Realm willing sceptre of Sweden. It is far more gratify: to grant to their late King, his Queen, ing to our feelings, thus to have been calls and children?' Which question being ed upon by the free and uncontrouled voice answered, another will occur, relative of the people, to become their King, their to the country which it will be most protector, and defender, than if we had as

proper to assign for the residence of cended the ancient Swedish throne merely Gustavus Adolphus and his family. by right of hereditary sųccession. We shall

“ His Majesty does not deem it su. govern the kingdom and people of Sweden as an indulgent parent does his children, which he wishes the States to bear in

perfluous to add, some observations Avith implicit confidence in the honest, with forbearance towards those who err unde

mind in their deliberations on this subliberately, with uprightness towards all, ject. The States cannot but be aware, and when the day arrives, the near ap.

that their decision must bear the stamp proach of which is announced by our ad- of dignified generosity, which becomes vanced age, which shall put an end to our a noble minded nation ; that misfortune worldly cares, we will hạil our last mo- craves respect, and that humanity itself ments with the pious resignation of the commands forgiveness of the past. His just, and close it by blessing you all.”.

Royal Majesty is desirous that the States

of the Realm, by dividing the subject “ Gust. SARDSJELKE,

under discussion, on these principles,
Aulic Chancellor.

should meet his wishes, and thus give a
Council-hall, Stockholm Castle,
June 6. 1809.” pledge to Europe of the purity of the

motives which induced Sweden to re-
Stockbolm, June 9. vive her system of Government, and re-
On the 5th, the Duke of Sudermania was new the structure of the State.
chosen King, the 7th he was proclaimed,

CHARLES. and an the day following a grand proceso sion was to take place, but the rain pre

It is understood that peace between Swevented it; the next day, however, it was

den and Russia was signed on the 17th performed. The streets were lined by the

September. The terms are not yet officie troops. His Majesty Charles XIII. rode ally known; but it is believed that Finthrough the ranks on horseback, amidst ac

land and the island of Aland have been gi. clamations from all ranks of people.

pen up to Russia, and that Sweden has a. Stockholm, August 25.– His Royal greed to shut her ports to the vessels of

Great Britain. The 12th of November is Majesty has sent to the Diet the follow- said to be the day on which the ports of ing message, relative to the pension that country will be shut. which the States are to allow to the late

The confiscation of British goods in the King Gustavus Adolphus, his Queen, ports of Sweden, it is stated, is not to be irand children:

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however, soon after their putting to Intelligence has been received which sea, by a Danish privateer, which capseems to import that a change of policy tured the two boats, but the ships escahas taken place in the northern Courts, ped. from which we might infer that an ap

CAPTURE OF SENEGAL. proximation is about to take place of

Capt. Columbine arrived at the Admi. those Courts to Great Britain, if their rálty on the 24th of August, with disentire subserviency to Bonaparte were patches, announcing the capture of the not notorious, and if it were not incon- settlement of Senegal. Major Maxwell, ceivable that he should consent to any Commandant of the garrison of Goree, relinquishment or mitigation of their hos- having received intelligence that the tility towards this country. Be ibis as

garrison of Senegal was extremely weak, it may, it is understood that a sort of attacked it with 168 men, accompanied armistice has taken place in the Baltic. by Captain Columbine, in the Solebay The British Commandant has consent- frigate. They passed the bar with the ed to permit the provisioning of Nor. loss of a schooner; and the enemy reway. In return for this act of grace, tiring to a battery about 12 miles up the Court of Copenhagen has evinced a disposition more considerate towards rations to storm it, but it was evacuated

the river, Major Maxwell made prepa those who incur the imputation of be in the night, and next day the fort and ing connected with Great Britain. On garrison capitulated. The garrison are the 26th of July, the Danish Govern. prisoners of war. They are to be sent ment issued the following order:

to France, but are not to serve till ex“ That all the neutral, or probable changed. They consist of 160 Euroneutral holders of accepted bills, which peans, besides which there were 240 had been drawn from England upon the native militia in the island. We lost merchants of Denmark at the com

not a single man in the attack, and had mencement of the war, and which were

only one slightly wounded. The only deposited with the Commissioners at

loss sustained by the British was that Altona, according to a notice from Go.

of Captain Frederick Parker, of the vernment, should come forward within Derwent, Mr Francis Atterbury Sealy, a year to receive their money or pro- midshipman of that sloop, and six seaperty back again. At the expiration

men drowned in attempting to cross of the twelve months, the articles depo- the bar of Senegal. The Solebay frisited will become the property of the

gate unfortunately ran aground in siGovernment. Such bills as have not lencing a battery near the bar, and been given over to the Commissioners could not be got off. The crew and are now ordered to be delivered up

stores were saved. The settlement of within three months, in order that the Senegal is the great mart of the gum holders may receive the benefit of the trade, from which 800 tuas are exportpresent decree.”

ed annually. We also understand that the Court

NAVAL INTELLIGENCE, of Copenhagen has opened its ports, both of the islands nd of the German A most desperate attack was made provinces, to neutrals; and a circum- upon some Russian gunboats in the stance is also rumoured, which, if well Gulph of Bothnia, on the night of July founded, would afford a more decided 25. by 18 armed British buats, com. proof of the present disposition of the manded by Captain Forrest of the ProDanish Court ; namely, that it has re- metheus. Out of four gunboats and a moved the sequestration from the Brio brig, three and the brig were taken.tish property in its possession.

Our loss has been severe, though not 'The Danish garrison of the fortress to be compared with that of the enemy. of Christianhoe, in Bornholm, had re- The crew of one gunboat, No. 62, were volted, imprisoned the Governor and to a man killed or dangerously wound. officers, and embarked on board two ed. All the British officers and men ships and two boats, for the purpose, as

behaved with the greatest gallantry. is stated, of deserting to the British The following is a list of the killed and squadron, having previously spiked the wounded belonging to the different vescannon of the fortress. They were met, sels whose boats were engaged.



Princess Carolina, 1 killed, 3 wound. ceste, Captain Maxwell, and the Cyane, ed.--Minotaur, 12 killed, 26 wounded. about the same time, destroyed two Cerberus, 7 wounded. Prometheus, 4 gun-boats at Terracina, and brought off killed, and 15 wounded.--Total, 19 hil- from a depot of timber on the coast, as led, 51 wounded.

much wood as the ships could carry. Names of Officers Killed and Wounded, Capt. Staines of the Cyane meanwhile

Princess Carolina-Killed, G. Car. destroyed three strong martello towers. sington, midshipman. Minotaur Kilo While the ships were taking off the led, John James Callanan, fifth Lieute- timber, a serjeant, two corporals, and nant ; William Wilkins, second Lieute- two privates, came on board, deserters nant of Royal Marines; Charles Davies, from the French army. Lieut. Gordon quarter master.-Wounded, G. Elvey of the Mercury, about the same time, T. Milne, J. Chalmers, midshipmen, ali destroyed a number of Trabaccoles, and slightly. Prometheus-Killed, Mr Tho. other vessels on the beach of Rotti, near Humble, captain's clerk.-Wounded,

Manfredonia. Capt. T. Forrest, and Lieut. G. Forster,

On the 14th June Lieut. Battersby slightly.

of the sloop Scout was sent in pursuit The enemy's vessels, captured, had

of 1.4 vessels under the protection of 28 Killed, and 29 Wounded.

two gunboais, coming round Cape Croi

sette. Several of them pushed for a List of vessels captured by the boats of harbour about three leagues to the east

his Majesty's ships Princess Carolina, of the Cape. A party was landed, Minotaur, Cerberus, and Prometheus, stormed, and took a battery, spiked the on the night of the 25th July 1809. guns, and brought out the whole ves. No. 11, transport-brig, of 23 men, sels. The conduct of Lieut. Batters. N. Uruiff, master, bound to Abo, laden by, and of all the other officers and with provisions ; No. 62, gunboat, of men, is highly praised. One man was two 18-pounders, and 44 men; No. 65 killed and five wounded in this attack. gunboat, of two guns, and 49 men; On the 15th July a party of seamen and No. 66, gunboat, of two guns, and 44 marines, under the conduet of the same men. N. B. The gunboats taken by Lieut. Battersby, attacked a strong bat. the boats of the above ships at Frede- tery, which commanded the fort of Carricksham.

ry, between Marseilles and the Rhine, A letter has been received by the carried it without any loss, and spiked Hon. W. Wellesley Pole from Captain the guns. Five of the enemy were kil. Cottrell, of his Majesty's ship the Ni. led, and seven made prisoners. jaden, dated in Kilduin Bay, the 6th of On the roth of May the Spartan, Cap. Juné last, giving an account of the cap- tain Brenton, in concert with a detachture or destruction of 22 or 23 vessels ment of Austrian troops, under the com. in the river Kola, by the boats of the a- mand of Lieut.-Colonel Baron Ochar. bove ship, under the directions of Lieu- nick, reduced the citadel and batteries tenants Wells and Smith, A fort under on the island Luffin on the coast of which those vessels were anchored was Croatia. The garrison, consisting of taken possession of, and the guns brought 170 men, were compelled to surrender away or thrown into the river.

at discretion. The boats of the Volon. The London Gazette of Septeenber taire, Captain Buller, destroyed Fort 9. contains dispatches from Lord Col. Rioux, on the coast of France, and caplingwood, recounting a great many gal. tured five vessels which it protected. Jant exploits of our sailors in the Me. The boats were commanded by Lieut. diterranean. The following is a sum- Shaw, of whose gallantry Capt. Buller mary of these exploits :

speaks with great praise. He had two The boats of the Sea Horse, Captain wounded, the French five killed and Stewart, under the direction of Lieuts. eight wounded. Bennet and Pearse of the Sea Horse During the attack upon Ischia and and Halcyon, destroyed the forts on Procida by Sir John Stuart, a numerous the small islands of Gianoti and Piano flotilla of gunboats, which were collecso, about the 20th of June. One pri- ting from Gaeta and other parts of the vate marine of the Sea Horse was kil. coast, were attacked by the Cyane, Esled, and another wounded. The Al. poir, and the British and Sicilian gun


boats, when about 40 of them were ta- the Furieuse struck, having sustained ken or destroyed. The Cyane was af- a loss of 33 killed, and nearly 50 wound. terwards engaged with other divisions ed, amongst which was her Captain. of gunboats and the batteries on shore The Bonne Citoyenne had only one which protected them, at one of which man killed, and five wounded, two of Captain Staines, on the 26th June, land. them badly. The Bonne Citoyenne is ed, stormed it, and destroyed the guns. a small vessel of her class ; but the FuOn the 27th, the Italien irigate, of 40 rieuse is capable of mounting so. She guns, and a corvette, which were ma- is about six years old, and extremely fit king their escape from Baia to Naples, for the King's service. From the short were attacked by the Cyane, and with distance from each other at which the difficulty escaped. Captain Staines be ships engaged, from zo to 80 yards, haved with the most admirable gallan- they were at the close of the action try and skill. He was grievously wound- complete wrecks. At the time when ed, having lost his left arm, and recei. our informant wrote, three days after ved much injury in other parts of his the action, the Bonne Citoyenne, with body; but is likely to recover. Lieut. her prize, was steering for the Island of Hall, the senior lieutenant, was also St John's, Newfoundland ; but from the

; wounded, and the second lieutenant crippled state of the ships, some doubts had been wounded before, so that at were entertained, whether they would last the ship was fought and conducted be able to reach that port. The Fuby the master, who conducted himself rieuse was bound to Bayonne, with a as a brave and good officer. The Cyane cargo of sugar, coffee, and a little cocoa. has been sent to England to be refitted.

Admiralty-Ofice,-- September 2. Two men were killed, and 20 wounded on board the Cyane.

Rear-Admiral Sir Alexander. CochOn the 31st of May, the boats of the rane has transmitted to the Hon. Wil. Topaze, Capt. Griffiths, were dispatch. liam Wellesley Pole, a letter from Cap. ed under the command of Mr Charles tain Pigot, of his Majesty's ship the La.. Hammond, first lieutenant, to bring out tona, giving an account of his having, nine vessels at anchor in the Road of on the 18th of June last, captured La Demater, on the coast of Albania, which Felicitę, a French frigate, pierced for was effected with great gallantry. We

forty-two guns, but having only faurhad one man killed, and one slightly teen of her main-deckers mounted, and wounded. The vessels were loaded one hundred and seventy-four men on with timber and brandy on Government board. She had left Guadaloupe, in account. Four of them were destroyed, company with another frigate, bound the rest sent to Corfu.

to France with colonial produce. Her On the 13th June, Capt. Barrie, of consort escaped through superior sailing, the Pomone, captured the Neapolitan

after a long chace, by his Majesty's privateer Le Lucien Charles, command- sloop Cherub. ed by Chevalier Charles Lucien, Prevost de Boissi, Adjutant-Gen. of France,

£RUPTION OF Mount ETNA. and officer of the Legion of Honour. A letter from a gentleman in Sicily, The vessel was new, about 60 tons, to his friend in Glasgow, of date May 1. mounted three guns, with a complement gives the following account of an

an erupof 53 men.

tion cf Mount Etna : A letter received from an officer on “ I returned a few days ago from a trip board his Majesty's ship Bonne Ci to Mount Ætna, where I had been to toyenne, contains the report of the cap. see the effects of an eruption which ture of the Furieuse, one of the French took place on the 20th ult. The prefrigates which escaped from the Saintes, ceding day we were all much surprised and afterwards from Guadaloupe. It at seeing the streets of Messina cover. was on the 6th of July, after a chace of ed with a quantity of fire-ashes, some. 20 hours, that the Bonne Citoyenne thing like gunpowder, which were dri.. came up with, and engaged the Furieuse. ven by a strong south wind from the The battle, which was of the most fu. top of the mountain, distant 60 miles, rious description, lasted six hours and On the 28th volumes of smoke and fire 49 minutes ; at the expiration of which burst out from several craters, which


the volcanic matter made for itself, a. of the Cabinet then present concurred with bout six miles above the village of Lin. Mr Canning in his sentiments, Mr Cane gua Grassa; it is impossible for words ning wished the disclosure of these senti. to convey, or colours to paint, the aw. ments to be immediaçely made to his Lorde ful grandeur of this at once grand and

ship; but his colleagues out of regard to terrific scene. Figure to yourself the

Lord Castlereagh's feelings (the inquiry highest mountain in Arran vomiting concluded,) suggested the delicacy of post

into the East India patronage having just fire from a dozen different places, and

poning the disclosure until the adjournment throwing up immense heaps of red hot

of Parliament. To this suggestion Mr stones to the height of one thousand

Canning agreed. On the arrival of the refeet, attended with a terrific noise, like cess, Mr Canning urged the Duke of Portthe roaring of many cannon.-Conceive land to enforce the recommendation which quantities of melted lava issuing from he had before submitted to che Cabinet; each crater, like metal from a furnace, his Grace, convinced that the necessity for and sweeping along with it forests, hou. Lord Castlereagh's removal had not dimises, and every obstacle that presents it.

nished, was yet at a loss to devise the most self to impede its progress, and you may

delicate means of conveying the sentiments have some faint idea of an eruption of

of the Cabinet to his Lordship. After a

few days of deliberation, Lord Caniden was Mount Ætna.' In three days the lava

selected as best calculated for the undertaproceeded six miles, but very fortunate king. At this juncture, however, all the jy did not overwhelm any village ; it members of Administration were so busily has, however, destroyed a quantity of occupied in the construction and arrangetimber, many vineyards, and some corn- ment of the expedition to the Scheldt, that fields. It was lamentable to witness delay was again deemed prudent, and - No the distress of the inhabitants who were communication was made to Lord Castle. unfortunately situated in the neighbour- reagh until Mr Canning (on the 6th of hood; they cried, tore their bair, pray

October) gave in his resignation. On that ed to all their saints and images, and

occasion, the Duke of Portland communi. carried them in procession to the lava, ving, with the concurring opinion of the

cated the original sentiments of Mr Canin hopes that their presence would stop the devouring element, but to no pur

Cabinet, to Lord Castlereagh, who imme

diately wrote to Mr Canning the following pose. The wooden St Joseph, and all the rest of them, were deaf to their pray

St James's Square, 19th Sept. 1809. ers, and the lava continued to roll on

Sir-It is unnecessary for me to enter infor more than ten days, when the vol. to any detailed statement of the circumcanic matter being exhausted, the fire stances which preceded the recent resigna. became extinct., Had it continued a tions. I is enough for me, with a view to few days longer, several villages must the immediate object of this letter, to state, have been burnt down. I was not more that it appears a proposition had been agithan 500 yards from one of the craters,

tated, without any communication with but' some of the stones flying over my

me, for my removal from the War Departhead, I was obliged to scamper off. The

ment; and that you, towards the close of effect at night is beyond all description the last session, having urged a decision u. magnificent."

pon this question, with the alternative of

your seceding from the Government, proMinisterial Difference.

cured a positive promise from the Duke of A difference of a most singular nature Portland, (the execution of which you afhas arisen among some of the principal terwards considered yourself entitled to en. Members of the British Ministry, which force) that such removal should be carried has excited considerable speculation in the into effect. Notwithstanding this promise, political circles. The following is given by which I consider you pronounced it unas an authentic statement of facts :

fit that I should remain charged with the “ So long since as the Easter recess, Mr conduct of the war, and by which my siCanning gave it as his opinion, at a meeting tuation as a minister of the Crown was of the Cabinet Council, from which Lord made dependent upon your will and pleaCastlereagh was absent, that a consider- sure, you continued to sit in the same Caable change was necessary in the War and binet with me, and to leave me not only in Colonial Department. He assigned his the persuasion that I possessed your confireasons for that opinion, and proposed the dence and support as a colleague, but you Marquis Wellesley as the most fit succes- allowed me in breach of every principle sor to Lord Castlereagh. All the members of good faith, both public and private, tho'


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