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thus virtually superseded, to originate and To this note Mr Canning sent next day proceed in the execution of a new enter- the following reply. prise of the most arduous and important Gloucester Lodge, Sept. 20. 1809. nature, with your apparent concurrence, My Lord–The tone and the purport of and ostensible approbation. You were fully aware, that if my situa
your Lordship's letter, which I have this
moment received, of course preclude any tion in the Government had been disclo
other answer on my part to the misappresed to me, I could not have submitted to
hensions and misrepresentations with which Temain one moment in office, without the
it abounds, ihan that I will cheerfully give entire abandonment of my private honour
to your Lordship the satisfaction you reand public duty. You knew I was decei
quire. ved, and you continued to deceive me.
I am, &c.
George CANNING. I am aware that it may be said, which I am ready to acknowledge, that when you The Earl of Yarmouth (Lord Castle pressed for a decision of my removal, you reagh's cousin) was the bearer of his Lord, also pressed for a disclosure, and that it was
ship's letter to Mr Canning. On Thursresisted by the Duke of Portland, and some day morning, Sept. 21. at seven o'clock, the members of the Government supposed to parties met on Putney Heath. Lord Cas-be my friends. But I never can admit
, tlereagh was attended by Lord Yarmouth, that you have a right to make use of such and Mr Home surgeon; Mr Canning by a plea in justification of an act affecting my Mr Charles Ellis. At the second fire, Mr honour, nor that the sentiments of others
Canning received the ball of his antagonist could justify an acquiescence in such a de- through the outside of the thigh bone. lusion on your part, who had yourself felt The wound was immediately dressed by and stated its unfairness. Nor can I ad. Mr Home, who accompanied Mr C. home mit that the head of any administration, or in his carriage to Gloucester Lodge. The any supposed friend (whatever may be wound was not dangerous, and he is since their motives,) can authorise or sanction
perfectly recovered. Lord Castlereagh had any man in such a course of long and per- a narrow escape, the button on the right severing deception ; for were 1 to admit lapel of his coat having been shot off. Kis such a principle, my honour and character Lordship, on learning the nature of Mr would be from that moment in the discre- Canning's wound, returned to town with tion of persons wholly unauthorised, and
Lord Yarmouth, known to you to be unauthorised, to act Earl Camden has published the followfor me in such a case. It was, therefore, ing statement respecting his share in this your act and your conduct which deceived transaction : me; and it is impossible for me to ac- "As it may be inferred, from a statement quiesce in being placed in a situation by which has appeared in the public papers, you, which no man of honour could know- that Lord Camden withheld from Lord ingly submit to, nor patiently suffer him. Castlereagh a communication which he had self to be betrayed into, without forfeiting been desired to make him, it is necessary that character.
that it should be understood, that however I have no right, as a public man, to re- Mr Canning might have conceived the sent your demanding, upon public grounds, communication alluded to have been made my removal from the particular office I to Lord Camden, it was never stated to have held, or even from the administra. Lord Camden that the communication was tion, as a condition of your continuing a made at the desire of Mr Canning; and member of the Government. But I have that so far from Lord Camden having a distinct right to expect that a proposi- been authorised to make the communication, justifiable in itself, shall not be execu- tion to Lord Castlereagh, he was absoluteted in an unjustifiable manner, and at the ly restricted from so doing. expense of my honour and reputation. And “ As it may also be inferred, that Lord I consider that you were bound, at least, to Camden was expected to prepare Lord avail yourself of the same alternative, Castlereagh's mind for any proposed change, namely, your own resignation, to take it is necessary that it should be understood, yourself out of the predicament of practi- that Lord Camden never engaged to comsing such a deceit towards me, which you municate to Lord Castlereagh any circumdid exercise in demanding a decision for stances respecting it, before the termina. my removal.
tion of the expedition." Under these circumstances, I must require It appears that the resignations of Lord that satisfaction from you to which I feel Castlereagh and Mr Canning together with myself entitled to lay claim.
that of the Duke of Portland (which his I am, &c.
Grace's infirm state of health for a long CASTLEREAGH. time past has now rendered absolutely ne
cessary) had induced the rest of his Ma- I should be wanting in duty to his Majesjesty's Ministers to think of making some ty, and in fairness to them, if I did not overtures to Lord Grenville and Earl Grey, frankly and at once declare, that such an This measure having received his Majes- union is, with respect to me, under the ty's approbation, the following correspon- present circumstances, impossible. This dence has taken place.
being the answer that I find myself under No. 1.-Letter sent in Duplicate to Earl
the necessity of giving, my appearance in
London could be of no advantago, and Grey and Lord Grenville. “Windsor, Saturday, Sept. 23. 1809.
might possibly, at a moment like the pre
sent, be attended with some incorivenience. “ MY LORD,
I have thought it better to request, « The Duke of Portland having signi- that you will have the goodness to lay my fied to his Majesty his intention of retiring duty at the feet of his Majesty, humbly enfrom his Majesty's service, in consequence treating him not to attribute to any want of the state of his Grace's health, his Ma- of attachment to his. Royal Person, or to jesty has authorised Lord Liverpool, in diminished zeal for his service, my decliconjunction with myself, to communicate ning a communication which, on the terms with your Lordship and Lord Grey, for the proposed, could lead to no useful result, purpose of forming an extended and com
and which might be of serious detriment bined Administration.
to the country, if, in consequence of a less “ I hope, therefore, that your Lordship, decisive answer from me, any further dein consequence of this communication, will
lay should take place in the formation of a come to town, in order that as little time
settled Government. " I am, &c. as possible may be lost in forwarding this
(Signed) “ Grey." important object, and that you will have the goodness to inform me of your arrival.
No. 111.-First Answer from Lord Gren“ I am also to acquaint your Lordship,
ville. that I have received his Majesty's commands to make a similar communication to
“ Boconnoc, Sept. 25. 1809.
"I have the honour to acknowledge your Lord Grey of his Majesty's pleasure. “ I think it proper to add, for your
letter of the 23d instant, and understandLordship’s information, that Lord Castle- ing it as an official signification of his Mareagh and Mr Secretary Canning have in- jesty's pleasure for my attendance in town, timated their intentions to resign their of
I shall lose no time in repairing thither, in
humble obedience to his Majesty's comfices.
mands. “ I have the honour to be, &c.
" I must beg leave to defer, until my ar(Signed) " SPENCER Perceval."
rival, all observations on the other matters No. 11.-Answer from Earl Grey'.
to which your letter relates.
“ I have, &c “ Howick, Sept. 26.
(Signed) * GRENVILLE.” “ I have this evening had the honour of receiving your letter of the 23d, informing me, that in consequence of the Duke of No. 1V.-Second Answer from Lord Gren
ville. Portland's intention of retiring from his Majesty's service, his Majesty had autho
« London, Sept. 29, 1809. Tised you, in conjunction with the Earl of “ Having last night arrived here, in humLiverpool, to communicate with Lord ble obedience to his Majesty's commands, Grenville and myself, for the purpose of I think it now my duty to lose no time in forming an extended and combined Admi. expressing to you the necessity under which nistration, and expressing a hope that in I feel myself, of declining the communicaconsequence of this communication, I would Lion proposed in your letter, being satisfied go to town, in order that as little time as that it could not, under the circumstances possible may be lost in forwarding this im- there mentioned, be productive of any pub. portant object.
lic advantage. “ Had his Majesty been pleased to sig- “ I trust I need not say, that this opinion dify, that he had any commands for me is neither founded in any sentiment of per• personally, I should not have lost a mo- sonal hostility, not in any desire of unne. ment in shewing my duty and obedience, cessarily prolonging political differences. by a prompt attendance on his royal plea- • To compose, not to infame, the divi
sions of the empire, has always been my “ But when it is proposed to me to com. anxious wish, and is now, more than ever, municate with his Majesty's present Mi- the duty of every loyal subject; but my nisters, for the purpose of forming a com- accession to the existing Administration bined Administration with them, I feel that could, I am confident, in no respect, contri.
bute to this object ; nor could it, I think, in communicating to his Majesty the nebe considered in any other light chan as a ceşsity under which you feel yourself of dedereliction of public principle.
clining the communication which I had the " This answer, which I must have given honour to propose to your Lordship, I will to any such proposal, if made while the do every justice to the respectful terms, Government was yet enrire, cannot be and the dutiful and sincere assurance of varied by the retreat of some of its mem- your Lordship's unvaried zeal for his Mabers.
jesty's service, with which the expression “My objections are not personal-they of that necessity was accoinpanied. apply to the principle of the Government “ I cannot conclude without expressing itself, and to the circumstances which at- the satisfaction of Lord Liverpool and mytended its appointment.
self at your Lordship's assurance,
that the “ I have now, therefore, only to request, failure of this proposal is not to be ascribed that you will do me the honour of submit- to any sentiment of personal hostility. ting, in the most respectful terms, these my
“ I have, &c. humble opinions to his Majesty, accompa
(Signed) « Sp. PERCEVAL." nied by the dutisul and sincere assurance of To this last paper it is understood that my earnest desire, at all times, to testify, no reply was judged necessary. It had by all such means as are in my power, my not, like the former, the character of an uavaried zeal for his Majesty's service. authorised communication. It professed « I have, &c.
to be written before his Majesty's pleasure (Signed) “ GRENVILLE." had been received; and it contained, there
fore, nothing more than the individual re. No.V.--Letter from Mr Perceval to Lord marks of the Earl of Liverpool and Mr Grenville.
Perceval. « MY LORD,
Sept. 29, 1809. From the above correspondence it ap; " I lost no time in communicating to pears, that no approximation of political Isord Liverpool your Lordship's letter of sentiment is likely to take place betwixt this day.
the two parties ;—and a temporary ar" It is with great concern that we have rangenient has therefore been made, by learnt from it, that your Lordship feels which Mr Perceval is appointed first Lord yourself under the necessity of declining of the Treasury (continuing in his office of the communication which I have had the Chancellor of the Exchequer,) Earl Bahonour co propose.
thurst Secretary for Foreign Affairs, in “ In proposing to your Lordship and room of Mr Canning; and Lord Palmera Lord Grey, under his Majesty's authority, ston Secretary for the Colonial and War to communicate with Lord Liverpool and Department, in room of Lord Castlereagh, myself, not for the accession of your Lord. We say this is only a temporary arrangeship to the present Administration, but for ment; for it is generally understood in the the purpose of forming a combined and ex- high political circles, that the Marquis of tended Administration, no idea existed in Wellesley is recalled from Spain, and will our minds of the necessity of any derelic- be appointed to a high office in Adminis. sion of public principle on either side. tration, and that Mr Canning will return
“ Your Lordship may rest assured, that, to his former office of Foreign Secretary.
following solemnities were ordered to JUBILEE OF THE 25TH OCTOBER. be observed on this joyful occasion : THE Magistrates of Edinburgh having · The morning to be ushered in by the
given public intimation, that Wed ringing of the bells of the city and Leith, nesday the 25th day of October, being froin eight to ten o'clock. The Lord the anniversary of his Majesty's acces- Provost, Magistrates, and Council, at sion to the throne of these realms, and eight o'clock, to go in carriages to the the day on which he entered into the Assembly Rooms, Leith, to meet the 5oth year of his reign, should be cele- masonic procession, and proceed to the brated as a Jubilee in the city,--ihe place in the dock fixed on by the engiteer, and, in proper style, to lay the foun- The day was ushered in by the ring, dation of the military works, which, out ing of bells. An immense crowd of of regard to our beloved Moparch, are people filled the road to Leith, increa. to be denominated King GEORGE III.'s sed by the procession of many lodges Bastion and Military Works, for the de- who met in Edinburgh, and marched fence of the docks, harbour, and town down in masonic order. The Magisof Leith. After the stone is laid, a roy- trates, Grand Lodge, Nobility and Gen. al salute to be fired from the dock, and try, &c. met in Leith Assembly Rooms his Majesty's ships in the Roads of Leith at nine, where a public breakfast was to return it. This solemnity being gone given. It was near eleven o'clock bethrough, the procession to return, re- fore the procession began to move. The versed, to the Assembly Rooms. To streets and road, from the Leith As. the procession are to be invited all the sembly Rooms to the site of the intend. nobility and gentry in and about the ed military work, were lined by the town and neighbourhood, Leith, &c. Prince of Wales's loyal Edinburgh vo. who, along with the office bearers of lunteers, and a detachment from the Athe Grand Lodge, are to breakfast with berdeenshire regiment of militia. The the Lord Provost and Magistrates in the procession moved in the following orAssembly Rooms, Leith.
der :-1. Society of High Constables of At twelve o'clock noon, the great Edinburgh, and constables of Leith. guns in the Castle to fore, and the my- 2. A detachment of the crew of the sic bells, and those of St Andrew's Egeria, in clean jackets and trowsers, Church, are to be set a-ringing, and con. headed by two officers. 3. The Lord tinue till half past one o'clock. The" Provost, supported by the Sheriff of the volunteers to be drawn out in line in county, the Earl of Morton, and Sir Prince's Street to fire a feu de joye, and Parrick Murray; the Magistrates of his Majesty's ships in the Roads also to Edinburgh, in their robes, preceded by fare.
a band of music, and followed by the At two o'clock, sermons, suitable to Merchant Company of Edinburgh, arthe occasion, to be preached in all the tended by many gentlemen; the Admi. churches, chapels, &c. in this city and ral and resident Bailies of Leith, &c, vicinity. The collections at the doors &c. 4. The Grand Lodge of Scotland, to be applied for the relief of prisoners the Earl of Moira officiating as Grand for debt in the jails of Edinburgh and Master, in their appropriate insignia, Canongate.
followed by the lodges of Edinburgh At four o'clock, the music and St and neighbourhood, in the order of seniAndrew's Church bells begin, and ring ority, and accompanied by music. The till six o'clock
masonic decorations were extremely At five o'clock, a grand public dinner rich, and the whole had a fine effect. in the Assembly Rooms, George Street, The ships in the harbour and wet dock Tickets il. 55, each.
had all their flags displayed, and were, From six to eight o'clock the great particularly those in the wet dock, belis to ring.
crowded with an inmense assemblage At seven o'clock, a superb display of of people. On many of them scaffold, fire:vorks to be exhibited on the centre ing was erected, on which were nuof the Earthen Mound, which is to com- merous parties of ladiesthe shrouds plete the festival.
and yaids were completely covered Wednesday accordingly presented the with boys. On arriving at the ground grand and interesting spectacle of a free the crew of the Egeria, who had joinpeople, uniting, with one accord, to ex- ed in the procession, filed off to man press, by mingled acts of joy and devo- the guns which were to fire the grand, tion, their gratitude for the blessings. salute. These were ranged on the west derived from the prolongation of the side of the bason. life of their venerable and beloved So. The foundation stone of King George vereign.
the Third's Bastion having been laid The following is a brief recapitulation with the usual ceremonies of masonry of what took place in this city in the by the Grand Master, his Lordship decourse of the day;
livered the following eloquent speech;
My Lord Provost,
With a just sense of this * In ordinary course we masons are magnanimous confidence, superadded to precluded (and wisely so,) by the habits the other motives which this day call and rules of our institution, from ad. forth effusions of gratitude from every verting, in that character, to any pub. individual in the united kingdoms, we lic occurrences, or taking part in any masons, as a body, offer up our humble transaction which has a political refer. thanksgiving to the Almighty, for the ex
That prohibition is considered tended term which the reign of the King by us as a necessary assurance to our has already reached, devoutly imploring fellow citizens against any abuse of in, the Divine Author of all good, to grant, fluence from a numerous body, associat: farther, a long, a very long continuance, ed by ties not understood beyond our and earnestly praying that every hour of own circle, assembling for purposes not that period may be marked by the fond explained, and covering our procedure attachment of an unanimous people. with anxious secresy. We have there- “ If any consideration may be admitfore to felicitate ourselves, that, on this ted as adding to the happiness which we occasion, the Magistracy, by calling us feel, in being thus enabled to express our forth to discharge the public and proper suitable homageto our Sovereign,it is the function of our order, have thus given us testifying, at the same time, our respect an opportunity of testifying the ardour of for the city of Edinburgh.
That city our sentiments towards the best of Sove. has claims on the warm gratitude of us reigns, without our obtruding ourselves, all, and on mine among the foremost ; in a manner inconsistent with our princi- and we rejoice peculiarly in paying our ples. In common with your Lordship, and tribute to it, when it is so adequately reThe rest of our fellow subjects, we have presented, on this occasion, by the digexperienced the benignity of his Ma. nified chief Magistrate and his colleagues jesty's reign ; in common with you, we whom I have now the honour to address. have, individually, exulted in the extent In the name of the craft, I sincerely wish of those arts and sciences so sedulously that your Lordship may enjoy many encouraged by the fostering patronage years of health, of comfort, and of happy of George the Third ;-sciences not reflection on the prominent situation confined to the closet of the student, which you have held on this memorable but giving a just direction to the active day." industry of all classes, which has caused To which the Lord Provost made the the wealth of this country to attain a following reply :pitch unexampled in history; above “ Most Worshipful and Right Honoura. all, we have glowed with the conscious ble Grand Master-It must afford grati. pride of that manly defiance of every fying sensations to every friend and wellfoe, which, relying on the favour of wislier of Scotland to observe the growHeaven towards our pious Sovereign, ing prosperity of the port of Leith, nothas been exhibited by this country, a- withstanding the obstacles and decrees mid the wreck of surrounding nations. that our inveterate enemy issues for the - This we have felt as men and Bri. purpose of injuring the commercial intons. As masons, we have further to terests of Great Britain. Owing to the boast a special obligation. When mis- spirited and enterprising exertions of chievous combinations on the continent, our merchants, and particularly those of borrowing and prostituting the name of the port of Leith, its accommodatione masonry, had sown disaffection and se
has become too limited for its trade ; it dition through the communities within has therefore been necessary, upon the which they were protected, and there.
part of the Corporation of the city of E. by called on the vigilance of the Brie dinburgh, to enlarge the docks; and the tish Government to forbid particular foundation stone, which your Lordship confederacies here, a flattering discrimi. has now laid, is not only intended to be nation exempted the established Free a continuation of the great plan origi. Masons from the scope of this prohibi. nally designed bythat able engineer, John tion. On the sole pledge of our decla- Rennie, Esq. but also to be the comration, on the simple security of our mencement of those military works ori. good faith as Britons, there was mani. ginally suggested by your Lordship when iested a generous trust in our ancient resident among us, which, out of grati