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To Saxony,

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clined to estimate at about 2,000,000 king Mr Cox for our guide, will be of which, consequently 1,600,000 goes found nearly as follows: fo Saxony.

Florins. These calculations will give Carinthia,............... ..1,000,000 To the Illyrian provinces,... 900,000 Carniola, Istria, &c.........3,500,000 To Bavaria...

400,000 Croatia, about........... ..1,000,000

1,600,000 Saltzburg and ceded part of To Russia,.

400,000 upper Austria,.............4,000,000 Gallicia,......

.4,000,000 In all 3,300,000

13,500,000 When these are deducted, there About £1,200,000 Sterling, or will remain, according to the calcula- nearly a sixth part of the Austrian retion of Mr Cox,

It may be proper to observe, For Hungary and its ap

that the estimate given by the prince pendages,..................9,300,000 of Lichtenstein is about double that of Archduchy of Austria,....1,400,000 Mr Cox. Should this be correct, we Interior Austria, now redu

must probably double also the loss

.. ced to Styria and part of

In this case, however, the Emperor Carinthia,..

.1,100,000 will still retain a revenue of about Bohemia,....

-2,700,000 twelve millions Sterling. Moravia and Austrian Sile

In estimating the number of geosia,............. ..........1,300,000 graphical square miles of the ceded Remainder of Gallicia,about2,000,000 territory, a similar difficulty occurs.

The following estimate, chiefly drawn 17,800,000 from Clark's Statistical view of Ger

many, may however be of use: These numbers however are chiefly Carinthia................ 100 founded upon the enumeration of 1792, Carniola,... since which time it is probable that a Istria, Trieste, &c...... 69 considerable increase has taken place. Croatia,.........

300 The Prince of Lichtenstein reckoned Upper Austria,. 100 the population previous to the present Saltzburg,........ 240 war at twenty-four millions. In this Gallicia, about........ 100 case, as the augmentation would doubtless extend also to the ceded provin

1123 ces, we may estimate them at four millions, and the present population at Which, deducted from about 11,000 twenty,

of which the dustrian territories forA recent article in the French pa- merly consisted, will leave scarcely pers reckons the Austrian population 9000. This loss, in point of extent of previous to the treaty of Presburg at territory, is greater than either in potwenty-five millions, and as reduced by pulation or revenue. The reason is, that treaty to 22,300,000. It increas- that a great part of the territory ceded ed, during

the peace, to 22,600,000. in the south of Germany consists of The cessions made by the last treaty wild mountainous tracts, that are comare there calculated at 3,430.000, paratively very ill inhabited. which will bring the present popula The two powers chiefly aggranditions to somewhat more than nineteen zed by this treaty are Bavaria and millions. We think it very probable Saxony. Bavaria, as above stated, that these numbers may be correct. appears to have gained only about The revenues lost by Austria, ta- 400,000 inhabitants, which is certainly


..... 214

less than we had been led to expect. for the encouragement of Gardening, The territories of the King of Bavaria on a sufficiently broad and liberal prinwill now consist of

ciple, has yet been adopted in this part

of the United Kingdom. Bavaria, containing inhabi

Some Gentlemen in Edinburgh, in tants............

2,100,000 imitation of the Horticultural Society Territories in Suabia and

of London, have an intention of formFranconia,...... 300,000 ing themselves into an Association for Palatinate of the Rhine,.... 400,000 improving the Cultivation of the best Tyrol,............

600,000 Fruits and of those Vegetables which New Territories,..... 400,000 are most useful in the Kitchen. For

this purpose, they intend to bestow, 3,800,000 annually, a certain number of Prize

Medals, or small Sums of Money, on The following may now be calcu- such operative Gardeners or others as lated as the population of the Saxon shall be declared by proper judges to dominions :

be entitled to the preference, in the Electorate, including Lu

investigation, by experiment, of subsatia........ ............1,870,000 jects proposed by the Society, Dutchy of Warsaw ceded

For conducting the business of this by the treaty of Tilsit,

Society with due regularity, the followabout....... -2,000,000 ing regulations have been proposed : New cessions,......... .......1,600,000 1. The Society shall be denomi

nated the Horticultural Society of 5,470,000 Edinburgh, and shall consist of three

classes of Members - Ordinary, Ho. There are besides a few small vil- norary, and Corresponding Members. lages in Bohemia ceded to Saxony. 2. The Ordinary Members shall But not having been able to dis- not exceed Fifty in number, and shall cover these on any map, (although each pay One Guinea annually to the we have examined large ones, both of funds of the institution, or, in their opGermany and Bohemia,) we presume tion, the sum of Ten Guineas at their them to be of very trifling import- admission, as a composition for annual

payments for life. They shall consist chiefly of intelligent practical Garden

ers, and Amateurs of Gardening, who Sketch of a Plan for the Establishment reside in Edinburgh or its neighbour


3. The Number of Honorary Mem

bers shall also be limited to Fifty.WHILE Horticulture is an Art They shall not be called upon to pay '

of the highest importance to any annual contribution. They shait Mankind, it is at the same time very be entitled to attend all the Ordinary generally allowed to afford one of the Meetings of the Society, but shall most innocent, most rational, and most have no share in the management or healthful amusements. At a period, appropriation of the Funds; and any therefore, when almost every useful donations which they may be pleased and elegant Art has so many Patrons to bestow, either at their admission, in Britain, it is a subject of much re or occasionally, for rewarding ingegret, with sone of the most intelligent nuity and industry in practical GarGardeners, and with many Amateurs deners, shall be entirely under the maof horticultural pursuits, that no plan nagement of the Ordinary Members.

4. The


4. The Corresponding Members President, shall be Ordinary Members. shall consist chiefly of intelligent prac. But the President may be chosen eitical Gardeners, whose usual residence ther from the list of Ordinary or Hois at least six miles distant from Edin- norary Members. One Vice-President burgh, but who, there is reason to and two Counsellors shall be changed hope, may occasionally favour the So- every year. ciety with useful communications. 9. These Office-bearers and CounThe number of Corresponding Mem- sellors shall make all the arrangements bers shall not be limited. They shall respecting prizes, papers, publications, not pay any annual contribution or ad and other business of the Society.mission-money. They shall have no But the proposals made by them shall voice in elections or respecting prizes. be submitted to the consideration of But when they accidentally happen to the Quarterly meetings, Ordinary be in Edinburgh, they shall be entitled Members only being entitled to vote. to attend all the ordinary meetings of 10. All future regulations to be ethe Society.

nacted by the Society, for promoting 5. The Ordinary Members shall the objects of the institution, shall be possess the sole power of admission in- proposed at one ordinary Quarterly to the Society. All admissions shall meeting, and discussed at that immebe by ballot, and the votes of two- diately succeeding; to be then adopthirds of the Members balloting shall ted, rejected, or altered, as a majority be required for the admission of any of the Ordinary Members present shall new Member. If, however, there decide. shall, at any time, be more candidates The projectors of this design profor ordinary seats than the number of pose to hold a Meeting in the Hall of vacancies, those candidates shall be de- the College of Physicians, on Tuesday clared duly elected, in whose favour the 5th of December next, at One there is found to be the greatest num o'Clock Afternoon, to give a beginning ber of votes.

to the institution. 6. Candidates, whether for the rank The following gentlemen have been of Ordinary, Honorary, or Correspon- chosen as a Committee for forwarding ding Members, must be proposed by the plan ; Messrs Walter Nicoll and one Ordinary Member, and seconded Thomas Dickson; Dr James Home; by another. The fate of the proposal Alex. G. Hunter of Blackness, Esq.; shall be determined at the meeting Dr Andrew Duncan; and Mr Pasucceeding that at which it is made. trick Neill.

7. A meeting of the Society shall be held Quarterly on the first Tuesday of March, June, September and December, at Seven oʻClock in the even

Letter to the Earl of Buchas on the ing, to transact all the ordinary busi

Properties of Ragwort. nyess of the Society, and to hear such

Chesnut Walk, papers read as may be transmitted to

Walthamstow, Nov, 16. 1809. the Secretaries during the course of the preceding month.

MY LORD, 8. On the first Tuesday of Decem: TH

"HAT Ragwort, and a variety of ber annually, the Ordinary Members plants growing by the wayside, of the Society present at the meeting and in waste places, were intended for shall elect a President, four Vice-Pre- other purposes than those to which sidents, two Secretaries, a Treasurer, they are generally applied, must ocand Twelve Counsellors, for the ensu cur to every one tbat in the least reing year, all of whom, excepting the flects. It was by thoughts of this

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Now. 1.–16. THE weather has hi

kind, that I was some time ago in than if I had taken out a patent and
duced, during my leisure hours, to in made a fortune by it. I have sent spe-
vestigate the nature and uses of some cimens of broom flax to the Board of
of our common, but neglected plants, Agriculture here, to the Society of
and broom among the rest; and the Arts, &c. for their inspection, and
consequence is, that I find on the up- have troubled your Lordship with the
per branches of broom, of all kinds, a inclosed specimens, that your Lord .
considerable quantity of fax, of which ship may give the discovery publicity,
the inclosed are specimens, in a rough in so far as you think it deserves.-

Not insensible of your Lordship’s hos-

procure flax from broom, one pitality and attention to me when at
has only to steep the twigs, or last Dryburgh Abbey,
year's branches, for two

I have the honour to be,
weeks, according to the heat of the My Lord,
season, in stagnant water; or boil

Your Lordship's
them for an hour, or thereby, in water.

Most obedient, and
This done, the flax in general comes

Very humble Servant,
freely from the twigs; and, where

there is not machinery for the purpose,
may be easily peeled, or stripped off,
by children or others at any time, if
not quite dry, in the same way as

Monthly Memoranda in Natural His-
*hemp is peeled from the stalks. And

'what adds to the value of the disco-
"very of broom flax is, that on being

therto continued
cleared of the flax, and steeped some open and pleasant. The song of the
time in boiling water, the twigs, or blackbird and throstle was resumed,
wood, become tough, and beautifully in this neighbourhood, in October,
white, and will fetch from one shil- and has cheered the first half of the
ling to eighteen pence per lib. for gloomy month of November. The
making carpet brooms, &c.

mild weather which has prevailed for When stripped from the twigs the the last six weeks, has brought some flax only requires to be washed in fruit-trees to expand their flower-buds, cold water, then wrung and shaken the newspapers have announced differwell, and hung out to dry, previous ent instances of jargonelle trees being to its being sent off to the paper ma covered with a second show of blossom, nufacturer, and others, where it will and of full-blown roses being gathered be sure to meet a ready market. in the second week of November.

Though the discovery of broom We have reason to believe, however,
flax, and experiinents respecting it, that these ruses were not of the com-
have occupied a good many of my mon kind, Rosa centifolia, but the
leisure hours for some time past, and Rosa Indica, or semperflorens, the
been attended with considerable ex flowers of which are produced at all
pense ; yet, if the procuring and ma seasons of the year. This beautiful
*nufacturing of broom flax shall be the shrub is found to withstand the ordi-
means of bettering the situation of

nary cold of our winters, and forms a
the poor in those places of Britain and most valuable acquisition in ornamen-
Ireland where broom is to be found, it tal gardening,
will give me more real satisfaction -18. In the evening a pretty hard

frost commenced. Till now have In-
* Some of these specimens may be seen

dia cresses and love apples, in shelterat our printing office.

cd places, withstood the cold.

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-19. The mercury was this morn acuminated at both ends by six uneing as low as 22o. Fahrenheit. All qual planes, set on the lateral planes. the late flowering herbaceous plants At first sight it appears to have been appear shriveiled.

a solitary crystal ; but a scar is dis—26. Since the 20th the weather cernible, from which a smaller one has again become mild. At Coats, has at some period been detached. Its immediately westward from the New magnitude is the only remarkable cirTown, the mavis (throstle), perched cumstance about it. From the point on a mountain-ash, is still observed of adherence to the native rock daily to express in a song his grati- (which attachment has been small), tude for a feast of rowan-berries. to the further extremity, it measures

FIORIN. When we wrote the no 1 foot 1 inch. In circumference, tice concerning fiorin-grass, inserted in where thickest, it is no less than 1 last Number, we were not aware that foot 7 inches. It weighs 308 ounthe indefatigable President of the ces. A piece has been struck off, to asBoard of Agriculture (Sir John Sin. certain its value for jewellery; and this clair) had already commenced ex has been found to be very considerable. periments on the subject. About an This fracture lessens its importance as acre of excellent land in the vicinity a cabinet specimen, but who would of Edinburgh has been planted with give perhaps £120 or £130 for a strings of native fiorin, collected in the single crystal? The present proprieneighbouring banks and ditches. In tor, it is said, gave above a hundred another place, a considerable bed of guineas for it: such, however, is the fiorin has been laid down, where irri- taste for cairngorm * ornaments, and gation can be practised. That no such will, no doubt, be the desire to thing but agrostis stolonifera has been possess a portion of the largest crystal employed on these experiments no one ever discovered in this country, that can reasonably expect, who has atten we doubt not Mr Sanderson will be ded to the difficulty of discriminating amply reimbursed. In the meantime, the stoles of that plant from those of he very liberally gratifies mineralogists A. alba, or mutabilis. Indeed, from and amateurs with inspection of the the

very general and loose directions specimen , athis house in Blair-Street. which Dr Richardson gives for collec

Edinburgh, ting fiorin strings in Scotland and


29th Nov. 1809. England, and from his making light of any difficulty in selecting the right plant, it appears not improbable that * Cai ngorm is a large mountain, A. alba may hold a distinguished place, composing part of the chain of the along with A. stolonifera, even in the Grampians, which skirts Strathspey in wonderful fiorin meadows of Clonfecle,

Banffshire. Here the yellow and in the County of Armagh.

smoke.coloured quartz crystals were Rock-CRYSTAL.

first attended to, and collected ; and A crystal of

from this circumstance, the name of quartz of uncommonly large dimen

Cairngorm has been transferred to sions, is now in the possession of Mr the coluured crystal itself, wherever, Sanderson, lapidary in this city. found ; so that we now have cairngorms It was lately found, partly sunk in not only from Aberdeenshire, but from the earth, under the debris of a hill Goatfield in-Arran. Cairngorm is á bet. (it is believed Benachie) in the range

ter popular name than Scots topaz ; of the Grampian Mountains in Aber

this last being apt to convey an errone. deenshire.

ous notion of the place which the Scot. The crystal is of the common form of quartz crystals; arrangement.

tish stones really hold in mineralogical

In Britain, topaz is nearly an equiangular six-sided prism; found only in the county of Cornwall.


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