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State of the BAROMETER, in inches and decimals,
and of Farenheit's THERMOMETER, in the open air, taken in the morning before sun-rise, and at noon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from Jan. 26. to Feb. 25. 1808, in the vicinity of Edinburgh.
Barom Thermom. Rain Weather. Jan.
M. N. In. Pts. 26 29.2 32 32 0.95 Snow 27 29.4 31
0.01 Ditto 28 29,35 42
Cloudy 39 29.12
44 0.05 Rain 30 29.2
40 0.02 Showers
45 0.15 Ditto
0.6 Snow 5 29.57 32 33 0.05 Ditto 6 29.5 32 33 0.02 Ditto 7 30.05
33 0.02 Ditto 8 29.9 26 30 0.03 Ditto 9 29.5 30 35 0.2 Ditto 10
Clear 11 29.1 34 46
Ditto 12 28.8 34 48 0.1 Rain 13 28.91 37 38 0.05 Ditto 14 29.3
41 42 0.05 Snow 16 29.
47 0.02 Ditto 17 29.4 44 47
Clear 18 29.4 50 45 0.01 Showers 30.15 38 50
Cloudy 20 29.7 45 50
Ditto 21 30. 30 39
Clear 22 30.01 34 45 0.01 Showers 23 30.12 43 48
Clear 24 30.16. 39 47
Ditto 25 30.15
High Water at LEITH For MARCH 1809.
Mora, Even, Days. H. M, H. M. W. 1 1 46 2 6 Th, 2 2 26 2 44. Fr. 33 3 3 23 Sa. 4 8 42 4 2 Su. 5 4 22 4 44 M. 6 5 5 5 27 Tu. 7 5 49 6 15 W. 8 6 437 14 Th. 9 7 51 8 30 Fr. 10 9 14 9 59 Sa. 11 10 42 11 18 Su. 12 11 52 M. 13 0 19 () 46 Tu. 14 1 8 ] 27 W. 15 1 46 2 Th. 16 2 22 2 38 Fr. 17 2 55 3 13 Sa. 18 3 27 3 41 Su. ?9 3 57 4 12 M. 20 4 28
4 45 Tu. 21 5 1 5 18 W. 22 5 36 5 57 Th. 23 6 20 6 48 Fr. 24 7 18 7 54 Sa. 25 8 34 9 16 Su. 26 10 0 10 37 M. 27 11 10 11 40 Tu. 28
0 6 W. 29 ( 31
( 53 Th. 30 1 16 1 38 Fr. 31 1 57 2 19 MOON's PHASES
For MARCH 1809. Apparent time at Edinburgh, Full Moon, 2. § 57. morne Last Quar. 8. 11.41. even. New Moon, 16. 4. 15. morn. First Quart. 24. 7. 12. morn, Full Moon, 31. 3. 14, even
Quantity of Rain 4,19
March 11, Court of Session riser
EDINBURGH LITERARY MISCELLANY,
FOR FEBRUARY 1809.
year 1330, how
Historical Account of FERNIHIRST of Fernihirst, which thenceforth gave CASTLE.
name to that powerful branch of the
Kerr family. This castle, situated FERNIHIRST CASTLE was founded near the border, the scene then of al
about 1490, by Thomas Ker, a most perpetual war, was subject to all branch of the family of Ker, which the vicissitudes of such a situation. made long a conspicuous figure in The disasters sustained by Scotland border history, as well as in the gene- in the battle of Flodden, laid the borral history of Scotland. The Homes, der open to the incursions of the EngScotts, and Kerrs, took the lead in all lish. In 1523, the Earl of Surry, the transactions of that part of the with Dorset and Dacres, entered Scotkingdom. The Kerrs were an Anglo-Norman he took after an obstinate resistance. land, and marched to Jedburgh, whichi
. family *, which, there appears reason He then detached the Lord Dacres to to suppose, was of great antiquity, Fernihirst, who reduced that castle, both in England and Scotland. It is and made prisoners of Sir Andrew only from about the
Kerr, and the laird of Gradon. After ever, that we receive a distinct genea- 'the arrival, however, of French duxilogical account of them. At that pe- liaries, the Scots acquired the ascenand obtained possession of the lands dency, and took cruel revenge for and' obtained possession of the lands English depredation. Of this, the lying between the water of Jed and castle of Fernihirst afforded a striking the lands of Straserburgh. He called example. The laird, with his retainthese by the name of Kershaugh, which continued for some time the ers, assisted by a band of Frenchmen,
assaulted this fortress,
“The English chief title of his family. It split in archers (we copy the account of Mr time, however, into two branches ; Scott, Border Minstrelsy, I. xxx.) the Kerrs of Cessford, who afterwards showered their arrows down the steep rose to the title of Dukes of Rox
ascent leading to the castle, and from burgh ; and the Kerrs of Fernihirst, the outer wall, by which it was surwho rose to those of Jedburgh, Lo- rounded. A vigorous escalade, howthian, and Ancrum.
ever, gained the base court, and the It was about 1490, as we already sharp fire of the French arquebusiers noticed, that Thomas
, eighth in de drove the bowmen into the square, scent from Ralph, founded the castle keep, or dungeon, of the fortress.
Here the English defended themselves, • Chal.ners's Caledonia, Vol. I. p. 530. till a breach in the wall was made by
mining mining. Through this hole the com- This feud, however, did not prevent mandant crept forth ; and surrender- them from uniting their forces in maing himself to De la Mothe Rouge, im- king plundering incursions into Engplored protection from the vengeance land. Buccleugh, Cessford, and Ferof the borderers. But a Scottish niherst, were jointly complained of on marchman, eyeing in the captive the this ground by the English Court. ravisher of his wife, approached him In 1533, they revenged an inroad of ere the French officer could guess his the English by another most desintention, and, at one blow, carried tructive one into Northumberland. his head four paces from the trunk. In 1544, the English made new Above a hundred Scots rushed to incursions. The Tyndale and Ridswash their hands in the blood of their dale men burnt Bedrule. On their oppressor, bandied about the severed return, they met the laird of Ferhead, and expressed their joy in such nihirst and his son John, whom shouts as if they had stormed the city they defeated, and made prisoners. It of London. The prisoners who fell would appear that, probably on coninto their merciless hands were put dition of receiving their liberty, they to death, after their eyes had been had gone over to the side of the Eng. torn out; the victors contending who lish ; for a little after, we find, that should display the greatest address in “ Robert Carr, Fernihirst's son, and severing their legs and arms before other Scotsmen, who are in assurance, inflicting a mortal wound. When to the number of 600 horsemen, took their own prisoners were slain, the Eyldon and Newbrough, and brought Scottish, with an inextinguishable away 600 nolt, besides shepe and thirst for blood, purchased those of naggs t.” Another dispatch, regardthe French; parting willingly with ing a similar exploit, is said to be from their very arms, in exchange for an the laird of Fernibirst. English captive.
After the flight of Mary into EngThe laird of Fernihirst was one of land, many border chieftains, with a the leaders in the engagement at Ha- romantic gallantry, espoused her cause. lidon, in 1526, between the Scotts, Buccleugh, and Sir Andrew Kerr of headed by Scott of Buccleugh on one Fernihirst, were at their head; but, side, and the Homes and Kerrs on the notwithstanding the power of these other; the latter being headed by chieftains, the address of the Earl of Lord Home, and the Barons of Cess- Morton prevailed in establishing the ford and Fernihirst. It was in the authority of the King, even in their cause of Angus, who then held King own district. Fernihirst, however, James V. in a state of pupilage, and continued an intrepid defender of her to whom the Homes and Kerrs strong- cause, and thus incurred the utmost ly attached themselves. Buccleugh resentment of Elizabeth, who found was routed ; but Kerr of Cessford be- means to accomplish her revenge.-ing slain in the pursuit, a deadly feud Some outrages having been committed thence arose between the Scotts and by the Scots at a border meeting, Kers. Afterwards, in 1528, when Elizabeth accused Arran and PerniJames emancipated himself from the hirstmand demanded that they should power of Angus, the Homes and Kerrsbe delivered up to ber. No proof was still adhered to that nobleman, and adduced of the charge ; and James prevented his enemies from penetrat- therefore refused to comply with the ing into Perwick: hire, by defending full demand of Elizabeth : yet intimi. the pass of Pease *.
* Border Minstrelsy, I. 562020.
+ Haynes's State Papers, p. 50.
dated by her power, he put them both pears that the sudden thaw at this into confinement. Fernihirst was sent time produced great devastation about to Aberdeen, where this gallant and Deptford, and other places on the loyal chief died unworthily in prison * Thames
. Windsor was completely The fidelity of Sir Andrew seems insulated : the Duke of York had to to have recommended his son to James sail through the streets of Eton in a VI., who made him one of the gen- boat to visit the King at Windsor tlemen of the bed-chamber, and crea- Castle. In the West of England, ated him a peer, by the title of Lord bout Bath especially, the inundation Jedburgh. Robert, third Lord Jed- was complete, and attended with some burgh, dying without issue, left his es- disastrous consequences. In Scotland tate an honours to William Lord the damage has not been considerable. Newbottle, son to Robert, then Earl, The new bridge over the Yarrow near afterwards Marquis of Lothian, to Selkirk was swept away.) whom he was related by marriage. Feb. 3. In our last we mentioned, This title afterwards came to William that shocks of an earthquake had Ker, son to Sir Kobert Ker of An- been felt all along the baze of the O. crum, a descendant of a younger chils on the 18th January. We have branch of the Fernihirst family t. now to add, that on the last day of
Fernihirst still continues to be a January and the first of February, principal seat of the family of Lo- similar shocks were experienced in the thian.
West Highlands, and were particular
ly evident at Arisaig and Moidart. Monthly Memoranda in Natural His- P. S.-The gentleman at St. Antory.
drews who lately favoured the writer
of this article (by post) with the desJan. 26. 1809. TH
HE intensity of cription of a marine animal found in
the cold (some the belly of a cod, is respectfully inparticulars of which were given in last formed, that, oving chiefly, no doubt, month's Memoranda) began this day to the half-dissolved state of the speto abate. Snow fell copiously, drift- cimen, the account was too imperfect ing in some places to the depth of to enable him to ascertain with accumany feet. The ice on the lakes in
genus to which the this neighbourhood has been observed creature should be referred. He is to be from 18 to 22 inches thick.
inclined to suspect that some mutila27. In the morning the ted fragments had assumed the indismercury rose 15 degrees above the tinct appearance of fins and tail, and freezing point : and a breeze spring- had thus produced ambiguity. In this ing up from the S. W., the snow be- case, the animal might be nothing gan to disappear rapidly.
else than the Aphrodita aculeata, 29. Squalls from S. W. ac- which is remarkable for being ornacompanied with heavy showers of mented with several fasciculi of iridesrain, have produced so rapid a solu- cent spines. This animal is known tion of the immense quantity of snow to many of the fishermen on our coasts which covered the high grounds, that by the name of Sea Mouse, and it has all the meadows are tooded, and the several times been found in the stolevel parts of the country around mach of the cod-fish.--He shall be Edinburgh appear as if spotted with happy to hear again from his corresnumerous small lakes.
pondent at St Andrew's: And he (By accounts from London it ap- takes this opportunity of mentioning, * Riupath's Border History.
that where the specimen is not of # Douglas's Peerage.
large size, and where gentlemen have