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Further Expeditions to Portugal and Spain. When sent - April 1809. Failed. Sir Arthur having penetrated to TalaCommander-Sir A. Wel. vera, obtained a victory over Joseph Buonaparte; lesley.

but being ill-supported by the Spanish armies, and Force-30,000 Troops. reduced to great extremities for want of proviObject--The deliverance of sions, was obliged to retreat. Spain.

To Ischia and Procida. When sentJune 1809. Failed. Took possession of the Islands, which he Commander - Sir J. Stuart. afterwards abandoned. Force-18,000 Troops. Object--Diversion in favour of Austria.

Third to Holland, IVhen sent-August 1809., Failed. The Expedition was not dispatched till Commander-Earl Chat the Armistice of the 12th of July had terminaham.

ted the contest betwixt France and Austria.Force--50,000 Troops.

Returned with 10,000 sick, without attempting Object-Diversion in fa any operation against the fleet or Antwerp. Ob

vour of Austria, and the tained possession of Walcheren and Beveland, destruction of the ene the latter of which places has since been abanmy's fleet at Antwerp. doned.

1

Memoirs of the Progress of MANUFACTURES, CHEMISTRY, SCIENCE, and the

FINE ARTS. MRB. Cook, of Birmingham, con a common curricle. Racks are placed

sidering the superior advantage upon the four sides, so as to be able which would result from a discovery to feed sixteen or twenty horses ; canof some method of providing security vas, which covers the body of the veagainst fires within doors, conceives hicle, while it is going, may be raised that this desirable end might be, in a to shelter the horses, and exhibits the great measure, answered by the intro- appearance of a large tent, placed duction of iron stair-cases. Common round a pavilion, surmounted with a ones, he thinks, might be afforded as lightning conductor. Doors open on cheap as any kind of wood; or where the right and left, where six steps enornament is required they might be able the traveller to get in and out made quite as elegant and handsome with ease. The interior is divided by as those of the most costly materials. a partition, into two apartments, one He also suggests the forming of the of which' serves for an antichamber, joists, rafters, and beams, which might kitchen, or sitting room, and the obe cast hollow, of the same metal;

by ther for a bed-chamber. A gallery which means, fire could not be easily in front of the vehicle is useful for communicated from one room to ano. driving, and enables the traveller to ther.

go abroad, as it were, without alightM. Franconi has invented a travel. ing. Four horses are sufficient for ling carriage, containing a complete travelling post with this carriage. habitation and of very simple construc The acid, denominated pyrolignite tion. It is composed of a body, fif- of iron, obtained by the distillation of teen feet long, seven and a half wide, wood, is employed with great success and six high, being raised three feet in the arts. It has already been ex, from the ground upon the wheels of tracted from vinegar, without any em.

Pyre

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pyrematic smell, also from oil; and The following new patents were fe
with it may be formed the base of a nally passed on the 18th July :
great number of solvents. M. Vita To M. Barthelemy Baron-Canson,
lis has applied it to the dying of thread paper-maker, of Annonay, for five
and cotton, and this practice is now years, for the application of a colour-
followed in the manufactories of Rou- ing principle of perfect equality, and
en, where black cottons for mourning, of a solidity, proof against every test
which used formerly to be procured to the manufacture of

paper.
fiom Holland, are dyed in a solid and To Messrs. Jecker, brothers, of Pa-
cheap manner, by means of the pyro- ris, for five years, for making frames
lignite of iron.

This colour lasts ve of spectacles. ry long, and is not liable to turn rus To M. François Nicolas Henault, ty like common blacks.

of Douai, for five years, for an econoM. Rochoux, of Issoudun, in the mical stove for burning pit-coal. department of Indre, has long used To M. Zacharie Adam, of Montthe expressed juice of the barberry in pellier, for additions and improvedying. The root of the plant boiled inents in the apparatus for distilling, in water, gives a beautiful green, ap- of his brother Edward Adam. plicable to goat and sheep-skins. To Messrs. Dervieu and Piaud, of

M. Alexandre, of Bourdeaux, em- St Etienne (dep. of Loire) for ten ploys a simple inethod of filtering wa- years, for a loom for making the ter, without either sand, sponge, or ground of lace. pounded charcoal. It consists in To M. Duval, of Paris, for five merely causing the liquid to pass thro' years, for various processes relative to the capillary tubes, of a piece of half- the construction of fire arms and the worn-out cotton, It is well known manner of using them. that a skain of thread, or a ribbon, To M. Albert Sakosky, of Paris, one end of which is put into a vessel, for five years, for a mechanical last, while the other hangs over the side, for lengthening, widening, and enlargwill very soon become a conductor of ing, shoes, according to their inconthe liquid, which filters and runs off, veniencies, or the conformation of the till the vessel is nearly empty. This feet. experiment, M. Alexandre has ap To M. Marcel, of Paris, for ten plied on a large scale, to the purifica- years, for an apparatus, by which the tion of the water of the Garonne. vapors that are disengaged from turf,

Mr Jefferson, late president of the during carbonisation, may be turned United States, has sent to the class of to advantage. natural history of the Institute a fine To M. Couder, of Paris, for ten collection of fossil bones, dug up on years, for a preparation which he apthe banks of the Ohio. The greater plies to common paper, and which he number belong to the large animal, therefore calls Syrian paper. improperly called Mammoth, by the To Messrs. Pouillet, Fayolle, and Americans, and to which M. Cuvier Hullin, of Paris, for five years, for a gives the name of Mastodonte; but machine for making the lace, called there are likewise some belonging to tricot de Berlin, toile d'araignée, oeil the genuine Mammoth of the Russians, de perdrix. or the other land-animal, much re To Messrs. Albert and Martin, for sembling the Indian elephant, the re ten years, for a fire and steam engine mains of which are so common in Si- of double power. beria. These two gigantic creatures,

To M. Desouches, locksmith, of therefore, formerly inhabited together Paris, for five years, for improvements je northern parts of our globe. in portable iron bedsteads.

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To M. Lange, of Paris, for ten tots, left the Cape with the intention years, for a new

lamp, with a double of travelling, if possible, as far as Mocurrent of air, which he calls, melas- sambique. This undertaking, if it be siatique.

accomplished, will far exceed any AfTo M. Keyser Delisle, of Paris, for rican travels that have hitherto been five years, for a musical instrument, performed, as the regions through which he denominates, harpe-harmo- which they pass are utterly unknown nico-forte.

to any European. Last week, letters To M. Elzeard Degrand, of Mar- dated about two months ago, were reseilles, a patent of importation for fif- ceived from these gentlemen, at which teen years, for a machine for cutting time they had penetrated to lat. 24° nails, and striking the head at the same S. long. 28° E. According to the time.

information which they had collected, To M. Richard Ward, of New in about twelve or fourteen days longYork, captain and proprietor of the er travelling to the N. E. they should American ship, Mentor, a paient of arrive at a place, to which white peoimportation for ten years, for a new ple were in the habit of going from method of lighting the compass, in the Mosambique; so that there is great binnacle of a ship.

reason to hope this arduous enterprize M. Charles Otto, a paper maker, may be successfully atchieved. The of Saxony, has discovered a method of country which they were then in was sizing paper while it is still in the vat, fertile. The only discovery of mateand in every season of the year, with- rial importance, which they appear to out using either the shreds of skins, or have made, at the time their letters any other animal substance,

were written, was that they had found At a late meeting of the Academy wild camels, animals not before known of Sciences, Literature, and Fine Arts, to be inhabitants of South Africa.of Turin, M. Boisarelli, chemist, pre- This unexpected discovery may evensented two specimens of artificial cot- tually prove of the highest utility to ton thread, made by Messrs. Copps this colony, in many parts of which, and Parodi, of Genoa. He likewise for several succeeding days, a travelstated that stockings, cloth, and wicks ler cannot meet with water; and, for candles, had been made of this cot- from the burdens which camels are ton, but the latter gave only an indif- capable of bearing, they may probabferent light; a defect which he ascri- ly supersede, in a great degree, the use bed to the maceration of the material of waggons, each of which requires in alkalies, and which washing in wa from eight or ten to sixteen or eighter was expected to correct.

teen bullocks to drag them over the cademy was satisfied of the resem- sandy or stony roads, in the vicinity blance of the specimens to cotton; and of the Cape.” From this account it Dr Rizzetti, having observed that, by appears that the travellers had protreating tow of hemp with different as ceeded in a diagonal line, and in a gents, it might be reduced to a simi- north-easterly direction, from 34o S. lar substance, he was commissioned to lat. and 230 E. lon. (the situation of make the necessary experiments at the the Cape) to 24° s. lat. and 28° E. expence of the academy.

lon. that is 10° to the northward, and A letter, dated Cape of Good 5° to the eastward ; and that as MoHope, May 21, 1809, gives the fol- sambique is situated in 40° E. long. lowing interesting particulars :-“ A- and 15° S. lat. they had still to trabout ten months ago, Lieutenant De verse 9° of latitude, and 13° of longinovan, of the 83d regiment, Assistant- tude, so that their journey was not Surgeon Cowan, and twelve Hotten- then nearly half completed.

RAIN

The a

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1808.

Chichester.

London.

Bristol.

Cheltenham.

West Bridgford,
near Nottingham

Horncastle,
Lincolnshire,
Chatsworth,
Derbyshire.

Manchester.

Ferriby,
Kingston upon Hull.

Heath, near
Wakefield, Yorkshire.

Lancaster.

Dalton, Lancashire.

Kendal.

Edinburgh.

RAIN TABLE FOR 1808.
By the Rev. J. BLANCHARD, of Nottingham.

In.Dec. ..29,99

28,81 ...26,95 .24,32

23,22

SCOTTISH
six months..................12,50
Heath.....
Cheltenham, for the first
Chatsworth..
Horncastle.....
Ferriby.......

West Bridgford...
RECAPITULATION,

In.Dec.
..22,98
..29,34
32,08
27,09
43,34
...39,99

36,62 ..32,48

January 3,04 1,52 1,05 0,80 2,85 0,93 1,39 2,70 0,59 1,11 2,90 3,8% 5,25 1,67
February 0,90 1,12 0,53 0,20 2,23 0,771 1,35 1,48 0,92 1,26 2,00 1,85 2,42 2,31
March 1,42 0,20 0,35 0,05 1,30 0,42 0,37 0,24 0,29 0,99 0,00 0,55 0,28 0,65
April

2,67 2,42 5,37 5,05 2,01 3,58 2,57 1,32 2,47 3,49 1,8i 1,781 2,80 3,04
May

1,72 1,581 2,99 1,30 2,45 1,65 1,68 1,76 2,01 3,08 2,38 4,14 3,95 1,92
June 1,51 0,78 1,75 5,10 2,20 1,18 3,25 2,05 1,21 2,34 1,25 1,844 2,02 2,61
July 5,671 3,22 2,76 1,45 2,50 3,71 2,44 3,243,14 4,12 3,91 4,85 2,45
August 2,69 0,96 3,06 1,921 1,69 2,13 2,18 2,44 2,66 3,75 4,87 5,37 7,51
September 4,87 4,184,36 2,45 1,53 3,80 2,71 3,27 3,03 1,23 3,05 2,62 2,50
October 6,41 3,82 5,26 1,82 2,771 3,98 5,32 2,99 2,497,08 6,53 7,25 2,01
November 9,92 2,18 3,08 0,80 3,20 2,60 3,10 2,51 3,16 4,27 5,20 3,92 0,74
December | 2,80 1,00 1,52

1,741 4,101 1,98 1,79 5,01 2,91 1,69 2,39 2,61 1,93

London....
Edinburgh..
Bristol.........
Manchester...
Chichester.........
Dalton......

ancaster...... Kendal.

Total

36,62 22,98 32,08|12,50 23,2224,32 28,8127,0926,95|29,99 32,4839,99 43,34|29,84 |/

|/

secure.

SCOTTISH REVIEW.

Our author has peculiar merit in I. A Treatise on the Diseases and having devoted his sedulous attention

Management of Sheep; with intro- to a subject as uninviting as any which ductory remarks on their anatomi pecurs in the whole round of ruralocal structure ; and an appendix con- perations. The general management taining documents exhibiting the of sheep is not destitute of attraction; value of the Merino breed of Sheep, but that particular part which refers and their progress in Scotland. By to their diseases, has nothing but its Sir George Steuart Mackenzie, great utility to recommend it. From Bart. 8vo. plates. 75. 6d. Con- this circumstance, as well as from its stable and Co.

completely professional nature, we canWE know of nothing, in the pre- not, we fear, expect our readers to fol

sent circumstances of the country, more honourable, or likely to be the work. We shall only observe, that attended with more important advan

it begins

with a description of the anatages, than the attention paid by men

tomical structure of the sheep, which of rank and fortune to the various ob

it

appears had not hitherto attracted a jects of public improvement, particu- due degree of attention. For this larly in agriculture. The example self indebted to Mr James Wardrop,

part Sir George acknowledges himthus set, is of the very

best influence. Itattaches, in the eyes of the multitude, a gentleman well known by several a dignity and interest to these objects, important professional publications. which their intrinsic usefulness would

is , have been unable to

the mode both of curing and prevent

It tends also to inspire a spirit of active ing diseases, the last of which is

peimprovement, which might otherwise culiarly important in a stock which is have slumbered. In men who

less immediately under the master's eye

pursue farming as a livelihood, there is a

than anyther. The whole appears to natural tendency to follow safe and rest on a very extensive basis of exestablished practices, and to view with periment and observation. jealousy all untried innovations. Men Besides this treatise, however, a veof fortune, on the contrary, who con ry large part of the volume is occusider farming as an object of liberal pied by an account of the introduc. curiosity, are ambitious to deviate 'tion of the Merino sheep into this from the beaten track, and to distin- country. As this is a point of general guish themselves by new improve- interest, and which from recent events ments and discoveries. The public has excited peculiar attention, we shall benefit by the fruits of this disposition, enter somewhat more at large into it. and they benefit still more perhaps by It is now twenty years since his thespirit of activity which this example Majesty became possessed of an diffuses among farmers in general. It unmixed breed of Merino sheep.-forms one of the best means of over- Some had indeed before been procucoming that vis inertia, that sluggish red through Portugal, from the proindolence and attachment to old ha vinces of Spain bordering on that bits, which is apt to settle upon men kingdom. These however had the placed in the country, and, at a dis- defect (which was common to all fortance from scenes of active business, mer importations, both into this coun-, Thegreat spiritofagriculturalimprove- try, and other parts of Europe) of bement which distinguishes the present ing a jumble of different breeds, or age, if it did not originate with this cavanas; whereas the perfection of the class of the society, has at least been wool required that they should congreatly cherished and promoted by it. sist of one particular breed, preserved Nov. 1809.

in

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