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grand characteristic of this season ; the This naturally leads to a description fall of snow and the striking change of the amusements of skaiting and cura which this phenomenon produces on ling. He then goes under the domesthe aspect of nature. He then takes tic roof of the peasant, and describes occasion, somewhat boldly, to enter the occupations of it at this season : the lists with Thomson, in describing

A faithful portrait, unadorned a shepherd losing hiinself in the storm. Of manners lingring yet in Scotia's The termination, however, is different, vales. since, instead of perishing, he reaches

He notices particularly the reading his cottage at length in safety. The disposition of the Scottish peasants, labours of the season are then resum

and takes occasion to recommend na. ed; the driving of manure, and the care tonal instruction, and to inveigh aof providing food and shelter for the gainst those who have opposed its exdifferent domestic animals. After

tension into a neighbouring country. this follows the description of a frosty morning, which may be pleasing to ice breaks, and some faint symptoms

February now succeeds; the river our readers.

appear, of approaching spring. Our Ruddy is now the dawning as in author now recommends the labours June,

of the plough, and particularly points And clear and blue the vault of noon.

out the best mode of bringing under tide sky: Nor is the shining orb of day unfelt.

culture lands formerly sterile. He From sunward rocks, the icicle's faint then hails the increasing symptoms of drop,

Spring :
By lonely river side, is heard at times,
To break the silence deep; for now the

How sweet, when winter's roughest

mood is o'er, stream

The first note of the lark. How beautiIs mute, or faintly gurgles far below

ful Its frozen ceiling; silent stands the mill, The wheel immoveable, and shod with The crocus shooting leafless through the ice,

The babbling rivulet, at each little slope, Its simple floweret, prized because it

Flows scantily beneath a lucid veil,
And seems a pearly current liquified ;

The harbinger of Spring! To me more

While, at the shelvy side, in thousand

The first song of the lark, though brief..
Fantastical, the frost. work domes up- Than all the summer music of the

ly thrilled, Their tiny fabrics, gorgeously superb groves; Withi ornaments, beyond the reach of More beautiful to me the vernal bud art ;

Than all the odour-breathing flowers of
Here vestibules of state, and colonnades,

There Gothic castles, grottos, heathen The bees now sometimes begin pre-

Rise in review, and quickly disappear;

maturely to venture forth, and the Or thro' sume fairy palace fancy roves,

poet advises a supply of food which And studs, with ruby lamps, the fret. may relieve them from that necessity. ted toof;

He then strongly recommends the planOr paints with every colour of the bow ting of willow, with an ennumeration Spotless parterres, all freakt with snow- of the uses to which its twigs may be white flowers,

Flowers that no archetype in nature March next succeeds, the appear-

own ;
Or spreads the spiky crystals into fields

ances of which are nearly the same as Of bearded grain, rustling in autumn

those of the preceding month, only breeze.

more strongly marked. All the ope




and dog,


Tations of sowing, ploughing, harrow- farmer with clover fields. Our authot ing, &c. are busily carried recommends that these should be cut Qur author particularly recommends down, and employed in stall feeding. the practice of paring and burning, as Although, however, he approves of well as the use of fire in general. this system as a farmer, he laments it The garden, poultry court, and apiary, as a poet, and regrets the times of old, afford materials for some observa. when tions.

every hill-side, every lea April brings with it the sowing of And bruomy bank, was vocal with the barley and the lopping, of hedges. Of rustic pipe, or rudely chanted Mr G. condemns, we think justly, the Of rustic pipe, or rudely chanted barbarous practice of reducing the last Responsive echoed wild from herd to to mere stumps, in expectation of a herd, second growth. He censures also the Tending their charge of mingled sheep use of hawthorn alone, and advises a and kine. mixture of various plants suited to the And still there may be seen, on Scotia's same purpose. The verdant shade of this season seems favourable to court

The shepherd boy, with horn, and club, ship; hence our author is led to des- Couch'd on the chequered plaid, and, cribe a penny wedding. The music at a side on this occasion calls forth the follow- His little turf-built hut, wish boughs ing tribute to the memory of Gow.

Wherein are placed, from sudden showThe blithe strathspey springs up, re ers secure, minding some

The life of Wallace wight, with goodly Of nights, when Gow's old arm, (nor store old the tale)

Of ballads old and new, which oft he Unceasing, save when reeking cans went round,

And thus in pleasing solitude he spends Made heart and heel leap light as boun. His harmless, not unprofitable hours, ding rue.

Till, by his azen dial warned, he Alas! no more shall we behold that look

drives So venerable, yet so blent with mirth, Homeward at noon his Auck. And festive joy sedate ; that ancient garb

O simple times Unvaried, tartan hose and bonnet blue,

Of peaceful innocence, fast giving way No more shall beauty's partial eye draw To trade's encroaching power ! forth

Mr G. now treats of draining and The full intoxication of his strain, Mellifluous, strong, exuberantly rich !

the clearing of moss. The last subNo more, amid the pauses of the dance, ject calls to recollection the number Shall he repeat those measures, that in of wild fowl which are dislodged from days

the now cultivated fields. This leads of other years, could soothe a falling by comparison to another, on which prince,

our author is ever prone to expatiate. And light his visage with a transient As this passage is, we think, in Mr

smile Of melancholy joy,-like autumn sun,

Grahame's best style, and contains Gilding a sere tree with a passing beam!

some very pathetic passages, we shall Or play to sportive children on the transcribe a large part of it

green Dancing at gloamin hour, or willing

These tribes, exiled, another resting cheer,

place With strains unbought, the shepherd's Adapted to their wants, soon find; but


When forced his dwelling place to leave, May comes next, and presents the the fields,


bridal day.

hold gear

Which he and his forefathers ploughed, Remote in woodland solitudes, transand seek,

plants Alas! to find some other bome of peace, To his rank garden mould, soon droop Where he may live a tiller of the ground, the head, He seeks in vain; sad the reverse And languish till they die : so, pining, which he

sink And his are doomed to prove : -10 These little one's.

choice is left But exile to a foreign shore, or worse

June, the month of midsummer, is To darksome city lane. Behold the

now ushered in. The poet begins by band

describing the deep repose of its noon. With some small remnant of their house. He recommends a pause from labour

during the intensity of its heat, and Drawn by the horse which once they advises rather to rise in the morning,

called their own, Behold them take a last look of that which at this season is so fresh and roof,

beautiful. This is not a busy month, From whence no smoke ascends, and yet it presents the occupations of weedonward move

ing and hoeing. Mr G. while he apIn silence ; while each passing object proves generally of these operations, wakes

claims an exemption for some plants of Remembrances of scenes that never more

an aromatic and balsamic nature, which Will glad their hearts ;-the mill, the smiddy blaze,

are usually classed with weeds. He then So cheerful, and the doubling hammer's proceeds to the more gay and cheerful clink

employment of haymaking. In comNow dying on the ear, now on the breeze plaining of the intensity of the heat, Heard once again


regrets the loss of that ample shade

which was afforded by the ancient foBut soon thou wilt forget The chearful fields : not so the infant

rests of Scotland, and laments that train,

the pride of Ettrick and of Cheviot Thy playmates gay; not so the exiles old,

should be now cut down. The change Who thought at last, below yon church has certainly injured the country in yard elms,

point of picturesque beauty ; yet we Now fading from their view, to lay their suspeet that, in almost every other reheads

spect, it must be considered as an imIn peace; they, old and

young, ne'er will forget

provement. Their former happy home. Oft from

July presents nearly the same genetheir high

ral features as the preceding month. And wretched roof they look, trying, The poet here employs himself chiefly through clouds

in describing the various circumstanOf driving smoke, a glimpse of the ces relating to the culture of bees,

for which this month is peculiarly faTo gain, while, at the view, they feel vourable. He takes occasion, at the

their hearts Sinking within them. Ah! thesę vain end, to recommend cold bathing, and

the cold affusion in fevers. regrets For happiness, that now is but a dream, August and September, being the Are not their sorest evil: no! disease harvest months, may be supposed to (The harvest of the crowded house of afford ample subject for the poet. toil)

He has not entered so minutely as we Approaches, withering fast the opening should have expected, into the moral bloom

The of infant years :-As wild flowers, accompaniments of this season. which the hand

migration of Highland shearers, a cirOf roaming botanist, from some sweet

cumstance peculiar to this country, bank,

forms the most prominent object, and Nov. 1809.

green fields




dark range,

certainly an interesting one.

This At length “ bleak December comes, too is the sporting season, to which and shuts the scene.” Sleet and snow the author occasionally alludes, though begin to fall, and the redbreast seeks not with approbation. September the habitations of man for shelter.-concludes with a description of the The chief occupations of the labourer kirn, or harvest home.

must now be within doors, and of October presents a variety of miscel. these Mr G. gives a description at laneous circumstances. First, pota- some length. He laments that those toes are to be taken up; then the who might have it in their power to ground is to be prepared for wheat; mitigate the hardships of the peasant's and, lastly, that grain to be sown. lot, should now all repair to the city. Horses may be best purchased at this Then surveying the various species of season, as their defects are most easily reigning gaiety, gaming, the fashion

This too is the best season for able drama, and fashionable music, he planting ; in treating of which, Mr G. contends for the superiority of rural atakes occasion to reprobate the pine musements. This naturally leads to tribe as the bane of all rural beauty. consider those which are resorted to In answer to the plea, that they pre- in order to disperse the gloom of this sent an aspect of verdure, even in win

Of these the most remarkater, he exclaims :

ble is Hoogmanay, and the rural masVerdure! 0 word abused: Does that querade by which it is celebrated.

Few of our readers probably have forDingy and sullen, sable as the cloud got the time when this was to him That lours on Winter's brow, deserve the merriest night in all the year,

and the name

they will be pleased to find its varied Of verdure ?-lovely hue! that makes scenes painted by Mr Grahame. The

poem concludes with a description of Of wheaten braird smile chearful 'mid the gloom

the new year morning and some pious Of autumn's close, and threats of mut

reflections suggested by it. tering storms,

A considerable number of notes are To eyes unprejudiced by Fashion's law. appended to the volume, which are Morepleasing far the leafless forest scene, chiefly employed in adducing authoriWhether beneath the storin it undu- ties in support of the agricultural late

practices recommended in the text. A deep empurpled sea, or tranquil rest In' moveless beauty, while the frosty

Adorns each spray and turf with fieccy

New Works Published in Edinburgh,
The month closes with the celebra-
tion of Hallowe'en.
November is marked by the symp-

THE State, papers and Letters of

Sir Ralph Sadler, Knight Bantoms of winter's approach. Great neret. Edited by Arthur Clifford, care must be taken of cattle and sheep, Esq. To which is added, a Memoir which are liable to suffer from the de- of the life of Sir Ralph Sadler, with caying year. The gloomy and hazy Historical Notes, by Walter Scott, weather now gives rise to the appear- Esq. 2 vols. 4to. 51. 5s. Large ances of the ignis fatuus, or Will o' the paper, 3 vol. 4to. Sl. 8s. wisp. The withered appearance of Fables and Satires, with a preface the

grass, unless in the vicinity of wa on the Esopian fable. By Sir Brooke ter, gives rise to some remarks on ir- Boothby, Bart. 2 vols. Svo. 15s, rigation,

The Edinburgh Review No. 29.


yon field


Scottish Literary Intelligence: empire independent of other countries

for food, and for a variety of other DR Cook, of Lawrence Kirk, who most essential articles


I have to request, therefore, that Christ, has nearly ready for the press, you will have the goodness to favour a History of the Reformation, in two me with your assistance in carrying large quartos. From the indefatiga- on so useful an undertaking; and for ble research and known talents of the that purpose,


would be pleased author, much is expected : he has de- to transmit to me, as speedily as the tected many errors and false quota-' circumstances of the case will admit tions in Hume, the historian ; and the of it (the sooner the more desirable,) literary world may look for a full and full answers to the subjoined queries. distinct account of that important. As soon as the treatise which I propose event, with an exposition of the cau to draw up is printed, I shall have the ses that led to the Reformation, &c.- pleasure of transmitting a copy of it to Dr Cook is the son of the Professor

thanks for


friendof that name of St Andrews.

ly and public-spirited assistance in so Sir John Sinclair has addressed, to a important an inquiry. number of respectable farmers in dif The queries are as follow : ferent districts, a letter to the follow 1. What may be the size of the farm ing purport:

you occupy, in Scotch or English aSeveral of my most respectable cres? friends in the agricultural line, and Sir 2. What may be the nature, and Joseph Banks in particular, have quality of the soil and sub-soil ? strongly inculcated the idea, that it is 3. How near is the farm situated to a duty incumbent on a Scottish presi- any town or village ; to any navigable dent of an English board, to draw up river ; or to the sea ? a treatise on the system of husbandry 4. What may be the number of adopted in Scotland, by means of fields into which it is divided; or the which, the farmers of that country are

average size of each? enabled, in extensive tracts, to pay

5. What the rotation of crops, and double the rent for the land they cul- the average-produce of each crop ? tivate, compared to land of a similar 6. What the number of farm serquality and description in England; vants, married and unmarried; and the and in his communication to me upon wages and other emoluments they rethat subject, Sir Joseph adds, “ that ceive ? agriculture has derived, is deriving, 7. What the average

number of perand will derive more benefits from sons, occasionally employed, in other Scottish industry and skill, than has operations about the farm? been accumulated since the days when 8. What the number of work-horAdam first wielded a spade.”

ses, and the expence of maintaining When thus called upon, in a man them? ner so flattering to the agricultural 9. What the number of other stock skill and industry of my countrymen, kept on the farm ? it is impossible for me not to obey the

10. What the number of ploughs summons ; more especially as I am and carts; and whether any waggons deeply impressed with the idea, that are used on it? the introduction of the simple, econo 11. Is there a threshing-mill; and mical, and judicious system of husban- is it wrought by korses, wind, or wadry adopted in Scotland, would dou- ter> ble the value of many districts in Eng. Are there fanners; and how are they land, and would render the British wrought?

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