Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

than two miles, in the middle of the day, From 20,000 prisoners, only about 50 Spaunder a burning sun. The 27th foot march niards have been seduced by ultimate threats ed hence a few days ago to join the army. and promises to enrol themselves in the The 1st dragoons, who are now at Bellera, French service. are also under orders to march, Marshal Subsequent to the memorable battle of Beresford is still here, and by his exertions the 17th October, in which the invincible has augmented the Portuguese army, which Gerona was actacked, all the letters agree is now commanded by General Blount. in representing that the French had burnt The skeleton regiments of the 838 and their encampments and part of the village 87th are doing duty here; they both do of Biscol, where they had their head-quarnot amount to 500 men. Lord Welling ters. No clearer proof can be given of the ton's army, that is the English part of it, defeat they have sustained, and of their de. is about 20,000 at most. The Spanish ar plorable condition, and we may also with my about the Tagus, as far as the bridge reason expect that they will retire to Fiof Almaraz, is said to be 20,000 effective gueras; since we are assured they bave had men; and there are 25,000, which were some indication of the attack which is á. part of the Estremaduran army, and bout to be made upon them, for which pur15,000 under a Spanish commander, whose pose our distinguished Capt.-general Blake name I forget. The Portuguese under Ge has ordered every man from 16 to 50 years neral Beresford are estimated at 32,000. of age, capable of bearing arms, to rendezThese statements are according to the re vous at Olot and Bezels, under the comturns : but, excepting Lord Wellington's

mand of Don Juan Claros. In consequence army, none of the statements can be relied of this order, all the shops and manufactoon with confidence. According to most ries of this town are shui, their owners haaccounts, however, there are 80 or 90,000 -ving flown to the defence of the country, effective men on the frontiers of Portugal, General Blake was, on the 230 October, ready to take the field. Two men were at Tosa, near Gerona ; his object is to yesterday strangled and burnt in the pub throw fresh succours into the igvincible lic place of Caes de Sodre, for uttering base city.-By an authentic statement of the coin; and the government paper money is

French army in Catalonia, it appears that scarcely passable, from the immense quan- 56,000 French have entered that principatity of forged notes. It is difficult to dis lity, of whom, according to the most motinguish the bad notes, but the number in derate computation, not more than from 23 circulation is dreadful. There are four or to 25,000 remain.--Two Swiss reginients five men more to undergo the same punish belonging to Soult's division, which is at ment, for circulating base coin, next week : Placencia, have mutinied; this proves that but the authors of the paper forgery are

the ferment which first manifested itself at not yet discovered.

Oporto, and of which there are many inBy letters received from Vigo, of the dications in the intercepted letters from 26th October, it appears that the peasantry Soult to Joseph, notwithstanding the marof all the adjacent country is provided with shal's care to conceal it, still continues. pikes or fire arms, and that the inhabitants Ney has left Salamanca, taking with him are in the best disposition to support the his baggage and an escort. public cause. A gentleman, who has had Letters

from Cadiz of the 29th and 30th the good fortune to escape from the French, October state, that the French were conhas just arrived from Spain. He informs centrating their forces round Madrid; and ps, that all the convents and public build that the Marquis de la Romana had gone ings at the Spanish capital are full of sick to the army of La Mancha, and it is supa and wounded Frenchmen, who are crowd. posed that he is employed to exert his ined into them to the number of 18,000. Huence with his brother in Valencia, to reAn endeavour was made by Joseph to raise store subordination in that province. The a native regiment, under his own banners, project of the appointment of the Cardinal from the prisoners and others in the vicini of Toledo as regent, has been negativ:d. ty of Madrid ; and to facilitate this pur After which the principle of an executive pose, two or three thousand of them were committee was agreed upon; and a specific kept without food for upwards of two days, plan for the conduct of the government when they were invited to partake of ihe proposed, but this was also negatived. A royal bounty, and to enlist under the new second plan was then digested, and was to king. In this feeble condition, from the be taken into consideration, Don Pedro want of natural sustenance during so long de Ribero, one of the deputies from Tolean interval, the Spaniards rejected the pro do, was elected successor to Garay. Equia posal, with the exception of two hundred, is removed. Having falled back with his who entered the ranks. It is said, that army to the Sierra Morena, the Junts were the attempt to raise Spanish battalions in alurnied, and removed him. France has been yet more unproductive.

COURT

COURT MARTIAL.

of the enemy's ships might have been des TRIAL OF LORD GAMBIER,

stroyed, as they were aground, and inca

pable of resistance; --and that by delaying On Wednesday July 26. commenced an the altack till noon of that day, when the board his Majesty's ship the Gladiator, ly- tide had flowed, and the enemy had cut ing in Portsmouth harbour, the trial of their cables, and ran up the Charente, onLord Gambier.

ly two were taken, and one destroyed. The Members of the Court were,

This was the sum and substance of Lord

Cochrane's evidence :- But it was not corADMIRALS. Billy Douglas

robated by any of the other officers who Sir Roger Curtis Pr. George Campbell

were examined, all of whoni agreed, that Robert Mann

REAR ADMIRALS. considering the hazardous nature of the William Young John Sutton

service in which the Áeet was engaged, VICE ADMIRALS. John Irwin

Lord Gambier displayed great judgments Sir J. T. Duckworth E. S. Dickson

skill and bravery in its management and Sir W. E. Stanhope (R. D. Dunn

disposition, and shewed the utmost zeal for

the advantageous attainment of the object After the Court was sworn, several do in view. cuments were read; among them was a Fifth Day, Monday, July 31. more copious detail, than that originally Upon the President's desiring the wito inserted in the Gazette, of the proceedings nesses to withdraw, as usual, Lord Cochin Basque Roads, in a letter from Lord rane submitted to the Court, that it was. Gambier to the Hon. W. Pole, dated Lon not the custom of Courts Martial to exdon, May 10, 1809; also the letter from clude the witnesses from the Court during Mr Pole to Lord Cochrane, requiring the the defence, and referred to the case of grounds of his Lordship's objection to the . Admiral Harvey. vote of thanks to Lord Gambier, and Lord The President -" My Lord, the Court Cochrane's answer to Mr Pole, referring has discussed the measure in the present the Lords Commissioners to the log and instance, and it is its wish that you should signal books. Lord Gambier's application withdraw.” for a Court-martial was also read; after Lord Cochrane bowed and withdrew. which the various orders which Lord Lord Ganbier was then called upon for Gambier received from the Admiralty, his defence, which the Judge Advocate while Commander of the Channel fleer, was permitted to read for him : were read.

Mr President-I thank you, Sir, and the The whole evidence (which was very rest of the Members of the Honourable long, upwards of 40 officers of the fleet Court, for having complied with ny rehaving been examined) related entirely to quest, that a short interval might be allowthe situation of the French fleet at different ed me before I entered on my defence. I times in Basque Roads to the nature and have also to express my satisfaction, that extent of the anchorage off Isle d'Aix-to the whole of my conduct and proceedings the dangerous navigation for large ships in Basque Roads is now under your consithrough certain channels,--and to the tinie deration, in consequence of my having apand place which Lord Gambier chose for plied for this Court Martial. The necesstationing the ships for the destruction of sity of this must be evident; either I had the enemy's fleet ;-the whole neither intel. to adopt this measure, or, by a tacit acligible nor interesting to any but profes. quiescence in the insinuations thrown out sional men. Lord Cochrane, who was against me by Lord Cochrane, have comproperly the accuser of his Lordship, was promised not only my own honour, bu the first and principal witness. His evi. also that of the brave officers and men un. dence, which was of great leugth, went in der my command. The proceedings of to a detail of the whole movements of the the Court will shew whether any misconfeet on the day of attack, and subsequent- duct had existed in the execution of the ly, all as given in Lord Gambier's dispat service under consideration ; if any has exches at the time. But his Lordship added isted, of which I am perfectly unconscious, an opinion, that the position chosen by the it is right that the nation should know it; Admiral was only a good one for observing not as resting on the unsupported opinion the enemy, but not a position for attack : of an individual, but on the unprejudiced that there was room for six sail of the line judgment of this tribunal. I was prepared, to anchor clear of the Buoyart shoal, and when I first canie before you, with what clear of shot and shells from Isle d’Air, appeared to me a complete justification of and also close to the enemy's line :--that my conduct and proceedings as Comman had the attack been nade in the morning der in Chief of the Channel fleet, employ, of the 12th of April, at day-light, seven mail ed in Basque Roads, between the 17th of November 1809.

Marck

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

March and the 29th of April last, to which at the head of the Admiralty, that if this
your inquiry is directed; but I could not measure was attempted, he should, if stand-
be aware of the oral testimony that was to ing alone, oppose it as far as regarded the
be brought forward in support of the charge Commander in Chief; thus, without speci-
which their Lordships have, at the instance, ally objecting to the thanks being given
of Lord Cochrane, been induced to make for the service performed, directing his hos-
against me, namely, that on the 12th April, tility personally at me, and making his at,
'the enemy's ships being then on shore, and tack as publicly, though not so fairly, as if

the signal having been made that they he had a: once exhibited formal charges.
could be destroyed, I did før a considerable Lord Cochrane, as a member of Parlia-
time neglect or delay taking effectual mea ment, nay most assuredly support or op-
sures for destroying them. I was ready pose public measures, as he shall think pro-
ro admit, that, from the time of my obser- per. 'In the present proceedings, however,
* ving, on the morning of the 12th, the si he stands in the situation only of an officer
tuation of the enemy, communicated to serving under my command.
me also by signal from the Imperieuse, Whether Lord Cochrane supposed he
'some time did elapse before the enemy's mighe, with impunity, endeavour to lower
ships were attacked; but I was prepared to me in the opinion of my country and my
prove most incontrovertibly, that no neg. Sovereign, signal marks of whose favour
"lect or unnecessary delay took place in ef- / had at this instant been exclusively confer-
'fecting the destruction of those ships; and red upon himself whether his Lordship
I have now the satisfaction to find, that thought he could exalt his own reputation
out of all the officers of the fleet who are at the expence of mine-and whether he
summoned on this trial, the charge rests expected that his threat would intimidate
on the unsupported, and I may say, already me to silence, I know not. But if these
refuted, testimony of the Captain of the were his ideas, I assure myself the result
Imperieuse. I believe there is not a pre- will prove to him that they were founded
cedent to be found in the naval annals of in error; for I will never permit any man
* Great Britain, of an officer of the rank 1 to proceed as Lord Cochrane has done,
have the honour to hold, commanding a without availing myself of the means which
fleet which has performed so important a the laws of my country afford, to shew the
service as that accomplished under my di- futility and injustice of such an attack.
rection-approved as that service has been By the letter of the Secretary of the Ad-
by the Board of Admiralty, and consider miralty to Lord Cochrane, after making
'ed by his Majesty's Government as even his undefined accusation against his Admi.

deserving the thanks of both Houses of ral, he excuses himself from explanation by
* Parliament,-being obliged, from a sense of a general reference to the log and signal
what is due to his own character and ho. books of the feet, without knowing, if I
nour, as well as to the profession to which may judge from the imperfect stme of his
he belongs, to appeal to a naval tribunal, own log, what that general reference might
against the loose and indirect accusationis produce. Therefore, because he does not
of an officer, so much his inferior in rank. accord with me in opinion, Lord Cochrane,
'I am warranted in saying, that the execu- 'whose extent of responsibility has perhaps
'tion of this service was approved by the never exceeded the charge of a single ship,
Board of Admiralty; because, in a letter and to whom in judgment I will not re-
from their Lordships' Secretary, dated A duce my experience to a comparison, be-
pril 22, acknowledging the receipt of my comes my accuser ; whilst, from my situa-
public dispatches on the occasioni, he says, tion, I ani responsible for every act of my
he is commanded by their Lordships to con- fleet, and for the fate of every ship compo-
gratulate me on the brilliant success of the sing it.
force under my command, in the attack of I ain so confident, and I hope it is already
the enemy's ships in the isle d'Aix Roads, evident to the Court, that Lord Cochrane
by four vessels, and subsequently by de. has no cause whatever for accusing me of
tachments from my feet, which termina. any dereliction of duty, that it might al-
ted in the capture and destruction of four most be supposed something had occurred
of the enemy's ships; and to signify their in my personal conduct towards his l.ord.
Lordships directions to me, to express their ship which had afforded him grounds of
approbation of the great exertions of Rear dissatisfaction. The contrary, however, is
Admiral Stopford, Sir Harry Neale, and the fact, More liberality could not have
the several other officers mentioned by me, been shewn chan Lord Cochrane received
as having been most actively employed, at my hands; and, although a considerable
and having particularly distinguished them- degree of disappoinement was manifested
selves upon this important service. Lord throughout the Heet on his arrival co con-
Cochrane, however, warned the noble Lord duct the service to be performed by fire-

vessels,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

vessels, yet every officer in the fleet ren. lives of valuable seamen, would, in the op.
dered him the most steady assistance, not nion of all the officers of the feet, have
only in valuable suggestions, the entire cre amounted to a large proportion of the force
dit of which seems to have been assumed 30 employed. And yet it seems that I am
by his Lordship, but by every other means now represented as deserving of censure
that zeal and courage could afford. Lord for having prevented that wanton destruc.
Cochrane, on presenting himself to me af tion; but I am satisfied the Court will, by
ter the action, was general in complaint of the result of their investigation, find, that
the officers who commanded the other ships not a single additional ship of the enemy
engaged at the same time with himself in would have been destroyed by a more ear-
the attack of the enemy; bue having equally adoption of those measures, which, it is
means with his Lordship of judging of the imputed to me, I delayed or neglected. I
conduct of those' oíñcers, 1 do aver, that it shall now proceed to the direct mattes of
was highly meritorious. At the time Lord inquiry and charge, to which my letter to
Cochrane made this general complaint, I the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty,
had not the smallest suspicion that there of the 10th of May, partly applies. (His
existed in his mind those sentiments of dis- Lordship then went over a long detail of
approbation of my conduct, which, by his all the operations of his feet, the corres:
proceedings since his return home, I am to pondence between him and the Admiralty,
suppose he then entertained. It would, in his general orders, &c.-a wide field, too
such case, have been liberal, and I think, extensive for us to enter.)
also his duty, to have made a communica After a minute examination of the chargé
tion to that effect. I should then have in all its details, and a review of the evi-
been enabled to have guarded, in some mea dence against his Lordship, as well as of
sure, against his attack upon my character the whole of his conduct in Basque Roads,
on his arrival in England.

he drew the following deductions :-
• I scarcely need observe, in this Court, First - That during the whole of this
that, however highly courage is to be va. service, the most unwearied attention was
lued in an officer, it is always incomplete applied by me to its main object, the de-
in its consequences, without the equal exer struction of the enemy's fleet.
cise of judgment}; and discretion, it being “ Secondly—That in no part of the ser-
the duty of a Commander, not only to de vice was more zeal and exertion shewn,
stroy his enemy, but to accomplish that than during the whole of the 12th of April,
destruction with the least possible loss on when I had necessarily in view two objects
his part; and I submit to the Court, whe --the destruction of the enemy's feet, and
ther there ever was a service, which, un also the preservation of that under my
der all circumstances, more required the cominand: For the extreme difficulties in
exercise of those qualities than the one in approaching an enemy, closely surrounded
question. The effect produced exceeded by shoals, and strongly defended by batte-
py most sanguine expectations ; and, I be. ries, rendered caution in my proceedings
lieve, the expectations of the whole fleet, peculiarly necessary.
The points, under the consideration of the “ Thirdly-That three out of the seven
Court, appear to be the following: Whe. of the enemy's ships aground on the Palais,
ther the lapse of time between the disco were, from their first being on shore, to-
very, in the morning, of the enemy's ships tally out of the reach of the guns of any
being on shore, and the actack, was not, ships of the feet that might have been sent
under all circumstances, absolutely neces in, and that at no cime whatever, either
sary for the advantageous accomplishment suoner or later, could they have been at-
of the intended service ;-whether it was tacked.
not my duty, as Commander in Chief, to Fourthly_That the other four of the
be governed by a general view of the eleven ships of which the enemy's fleet
whole of those circumstances, rather than consisted, were never in a situation to be
yield to the suggestions of one, and a very assailed after the fire-ships had failed in
junior officer ;-and whether an earlier at their main object,"
tack would have been attended with grea His Lordship concluded in the following
ter advantages;-in short, was there not terms :-" These are the points on which I
accomplished, at the time the attack was rest my justification, trusting that it will
made, all that could, at any time, have been appear to the Court, upon their review of
effected?

my whole case,

that I did take the most It is in support of these propositions I effectual measures for destroying the eneundertake to shew, as indeed is already in my's fleet ; that neither neglect nor unne. evidence before you, thar, had I not delay- cessary delay did take place in the execued sending in the ships to the attack until tion of this service : and, on the contrary, the time I did, the loss of ships, and the that it was owing to the time chosen by,

[ocr errors][merged small]

me for sending a force in to make the ato “ That Admiral the Right Hon. Lord tack, that the service was accomplished Gambier, on the 12th of April, the enemy's with so very inconsiderable a loss. Had ships being then on shore, and the signal I pursued any of the measures deemed having been made that they could be de. practicable and proper in the judgment of stroyed, did, for a considerable time, neglect Lord Cochrane, I am firmly persuaded the or delay taking effectual measures for desuccess attending this achievement would stroying them,” has not been proved against have proved more dearly bought than any the said Admiral Lord Gambier, but that yet recorded in our nayal annals, and, far his Lordship's conducť on that occasion, as from accomplishing the hopes of my coun. well as his general conduct and proceedings zry, or the expectations of the Admiralty, as Commander in Chief of the Channel must have disappointed both. If such, too, fieet employed in Basque Roads, between were the foundation of his Lordship’s pros the 17th day of March, and the 26th day pects, it is just they should vanish before of April 1809, was marked by zeal, judgthe superior considerations attending a ser ment, ability, and an anxious attention to vice involving the 'naval character, and the welfare of his Majesty's service, and most important intereses of the nation. therefore do adjudge him to be most ho

“ I'conclude, by observing, that the ser nourably acquitted, and he is hereby most vice actually performed has been of great honourably acquitted accordingly. importance, as well in its immediate effects. (Signed) R. Curtis, W. E. Stanhope, as in its ultimate consequences, for the

W. Young,

Geo. Campbell, Brest fleet is so reduced as to be no longer

J. T. Duckworth, John Irwin, effective. It was upon this fleet the ene.

B. Douglas,

E. S. Dickson, my relied for the succour and protection of

John Sutron,

Rich. D. Dunn, their West India colonies; and the destruc.

Robert Mann, tion of their ships was effected in their own Karhonr, in sight of thousands of the The President then called for Lord French, and I congratulate myself and my Gambier's sword, and addressed his Lord. country, that this important service has ship as follows:been effected, under Providence, with the - Lord Gambier I have peculiar pleaJoss only of 10 men killed, 35 wounded, sure in receiving the commands of the and one missing, and not even one of the Court to return you your sword, which ! smallest of our vessels employed has been

do in the fullest conviction that you will disabled from proceeding on any service use it, as you have hitherto done, with adthat might have become necessary:

The vantage to your country, and your own extent of difficulties and prospect of danger personal honour, (returning him his sword.) in this enterprize were extreme, and the Having so far obeyed the commande gallantry and determined spirit of those en. of the Court, I beg you will permit me, in gaged most conspicuous. These merits, my individual capacity, to express .co you and those difficulties, ought not to be de- the high gratificarion I feel upon this occapreciated on account of the inconsiderable sion." loss sustained on the occasion. I by no

Lord Gambier replied, imeans seek to arrogate to myself any me

“I cannot sufficiently express the sense șit by these observations; but I make them I feel of the patient attention of the Court, as a tribute of praise due to the zealous and beg leave to return my thanks to you, services of the brave officers and men un Sir, for the obliging manner is which you der my command, and with a view of have conveyed to me their sentiments." pointing out how justly they are entitled

The Court was then dissolved. to the gratitude of their country.' SENTENCE.

LONDON. On the 9th and last day, August 4. by

ROYAL JUBILEE, direction of the Court, the Judge Advocate' read the sentence as follows:

TWENTY-FIFTH OF OCTOBER. After stating the summons for the Court The happy event of a British Mo. Martial, the charges, and that the Court narch's entrance into the fiftieth year of had sat upon them from the 26th day of Ju- his reign, an event which has occurred ly until the 4th day of Aug. it proceeds : but twice before in the long and splen.

That the Court having duly delibera. ted on the evidence in support of the charge brated, by all ranks of people in this

did history of this country, was cele. exhibited again Admiral the Right Hon. Lord Gambier, and having also minutely great metropolis, in a manner wort iweighed the evidence adduced by his Lord. of an aged and venerable King, and a ship in his defence, have determined that loyal and enlightened nation. The day the charges

was one of the finest imaginable for the

present

« ZurückWeiter »