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State of the BAROMETER, in inches and decimals,

and of Farenheit's THERMOMETER, in the open air, taken in the morning before sun-rise, and at noon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from Nov. 26. to Dec. 25. 1809, in the vicinity of Edinburgh.



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9 11

High Water at LETTK. FOR JANUARY 1810.

Morn. Even. Days. H. M. H. M. M. 110 13 | 10 50 Tu. 2 |11 26 12 0 W. 3

0 31 Th. 4 1 1 ] 29 Fr. 5

1 56 2 21 Sa. 6 2 45 3 9 Su. 7 3 33 3 55 M. 8 4 17

4 39 Tu. 9

4 59 5 20 W. 10 5 41 6 1 Th.11 6 23 6 46 Fr. 12 7 10 737 Sa. 13

8 6 8 36 Su. 14

9, 48
M. 15 10 26 11 1
Tu.16 11 33

0 2 0 26 Th.18

0 51 1 11 Fr. 19

1 48 Sa. 20

2 6 2 23 Su. 21

2 57 M 22

3 13 3 30 Tu. 23

4 4 W. 24 Th.25

5 17 Fr. 26

6 0 Sa. 27

6 47 Su. 28

7 46 M. 29

9 0 Tu. 30 9 44 10 24 W. 31 1 511 42

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Barom. Thermom. Rain. Nov.

N. In. Pts. 26 29.3 35 38 0.06 27 29,5 32 39 0.08 28 30.02 35 38 29 29.9 34 40 30 29.65 42 45 0.06 1 29.35


35 0.05 2 29.8 32 36 3 29.7 40 45 4 29.6 42 45 5 29.65 32 44 0.04 6 29.6 50 53 0.03 7 29.5 38 40 0.65 8 29.71 37 43 0.04 929.35 40 45 0,03 10 28.71

38 0.15 11 29.2 31 32 0.95 12 28.75 36 39 13 29.1 33 35 0.25 14 29.3 31 15 28.45 28 35 0.12 16 28.49 32 36 17 28.9 35 38 18 28.9


39 19 29.7

38 40 20 29.6 35 38 0.21 21

29.55 35 36 0.04 22 29.75 37 41 23 29.94 30 33 94 29.96 30 33 25 29.93 40 41

1 30


Rain Ditto Cloudy Clear Rain Ditto Clear Ditto Ditto Shower Ditto Ditto Ditto Ditto Rain Snow Clear Snow Clear Snow Clear Ditto Ditto Ditto Sleet Snow Clear Ditto Ditto Ditto

2 41

4 39


3 47 4 22 4 58 5 38 6 23 7 16 8 23




For JANUARY 1810. Apparent time at Edinburgh.

D. H. M. New Moon, 5. S. 30. even, First Quart. 12.12. 28. noon. Full Moon, 20. 5 4. evt 1, Last Quart. 28. 11. 14. mors.

Quantity of Rain 2.76

Jan. 7. Princess Charlotte of Wales bonn, (1796.)

11. River Tweed opens
18. Queen's birth-day kept
27. Duke of Sussex born, (1773.)
30. King Charles I's martyrdom.


Scots Magazine,




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Account of the Plans of new and im- mes, which he had observed on the

proved HARBOURS at NEWHAVEN, shores of the Frith of Forth, and
PETTYCUR, and BURNTISLAND. the coasts of the Orkney and Shet-
Na subsequent part of this Maga- land Islands ; and also some inte-

zine, p. 889, we have presented resting observations on the different our readers with some important do- precious stones found in Scotland, cuments respecting the improvements particularly the topaz, of which he proposed to be made on the ferries exhibited a series of specimens latebetween Fife and Mid-Lothian. We ly found in Aberdeenshire : among have caused these plans to be engrav- these was a crystal weighing nearly ed, because it appeared to us, that, eight ounces Averdupois, which is without them, Mr Rennie's reports, probably the largest crystallized spewith the valuable improvements tó cimen hitherto discovered in any counwhich they refer, could not be fully try. The Secretary laid before the understood.

meeting a communication from the Rev. Mr Fleming of Bressay, des

cribing several uncommon marine Proceedirigs of the WERNERIAN NA

vermes lately observed by him in Shet

land; and a list of rare plants to be TURAL HISTORY SOCIETY.

found within a day's excursion from Thien for this society was held in HE first meeting of the third ses. Edinburgh, by Mr R. Maughan, sen.

At this meeting, the following genthe College Museum on the 4th tlemen were elected Office-bearers, of November last. There were then for 1810: read, a learned botanical paper by Robert Jameson, Esq. Prof. Nat. Mr Brown of the Linnean Society, Hist. President. London, proposing a subdivision of Dr William Wright, Rev. Dr the natural order of Apocineæ ; the Macknight, Dr John Barclay, Dr first part of an Essay on Meteoric Thomas Thonison, Vice-Presidents. Stones, by Mr G J. Hamilton ; and Patrick Walker, Esq. Treasurer. the concluding part of an account of Pat. Neill, Esq. Secretary. Fishek found in the Frith of Forth, by P. Sime, Esq. Painter. Mr P. Neill.

Of the Council: James Russell, The next meeting was on the 9th Esq. C. S. Menteith, Esg. C. AnderDecember, when Professor Jameson son, Esq. Dr James Home, Dr Yule, read an account of a considerable Brig. Gen. Dirom, Dę John Thomnumber of aniinals of the class Ver- son, Dr Tennant..


38.1 Monthly Memoranda in Natural His- planés are indistinct; and thers are no tory.

traces of acuminations next the bar,

which indeed consists of a confused December. The whole, been uncom- quality of the stone is HIS month has, upon aggregation of smaller crystals. The


different monly mild. A sprinkling of snow in different parts : in some places it is, has once or twice covered the ground; of a fine pale yellow, which promisesbut there has not yet been a single to be very beautiful when cut and po. snow-storm.

Yished. Towards the end of the month, sem In last number of this Magazine, veral: flocks of Bohemian Chatterers also, we drew a distinction between (Ampelis garrulus) came to this the wine-coloured rock crystal or Cairnneighbourhood. They have been shot gorm stones (which have been somein Hope Park, at Restalrig, and near times erroneously called Scotch topaRoslin. A flock was also observed a- zes) and the real topaz; and we rebout Luffness in East Lothian, and marked, that in Britain,“ topaz has several of them killed. Ornitholo- been found only in the county of Corngists have in general said, that the wall.” Since that time, however, the male w.ints the red appendages, interesting discovery has been made, resembling sealing-wax, at the ends of that real topaz exists in the Highlands the quill-feathers, as well as the yel- of Scotland. About a dozen of low on the wings: but a female kil- specimens were brought from Aberled near Edinburgh, and dissected by deenshire along with the gigantic and John Wilson, College buildings, ac- ponderous rock-crystal which we have tually possessed the red appendages, just commemorated. Two of these four on each side, while she was des- are regularly crystallized eight-sided titute of the yellow on the wings, prisms; and, what is very remarkable, all the quill-feathers being tipped with one of them weighs no less than 3450 white. It appears however that the grains, or nearly 8 oz. English, and is males have five or six horny appen- therefore by much the largest crystaldages on each side ; the females fewer. lized topaz known to exist. The lar

QUARTZ-CRYSTAL and Topaz.- gest Brazilian topaz in the National In the Scots Magazine for November, Museum at Paris is not much more we gave an account of an uncommon- than half the size of this Scottish toly large quartz-crystal brought from paz (about 1908 grains). All the AAberdeenshire. We stated that it herdeenshire specimens are more or was 13 inches in length, and 7inch- less rounded or water-worn. Some es in circumference, and weighed a- are of, a pale yellow colour; others bout 19 lbs. This was the largest greenish, and some of them beautifully specimen then known to have been opalescent. These rare Scottish gems found in this country.

Since that were found, last autumn, in the course time, however, another has been of digging for cairngorm stones at brought to town from the same dis- the base of the mountain Beinaan, trict of country, which, for massiveness or Beiniain, one of the Grampians, and stature, entirely eclipses the for- on the Duke of Gordon's estate in mer. This latter is 1 foot 5 inches in Aberdeenshire. Digging for crystals length, and where thickest, no less than has now become a trade among the S feet in circumference. It weighs Highlanders of this district of the 78 lbs. English. It is not, however, Grampians. Almost a hundred acres a cornplete or perfectly formed crystal. of surface at the base of the hills have Its crystallization is indeed regular on here been dug '

up, in this pursuit, the upper extremity; but the lateral within these few years. The topazes



were found about the depth of twelve wards maturity, till the patient took feet below ground, nearly at the same up his residence in a garret, or, afspot with the enormous quartz-crystal. ter some unsuccessful attempts in the

These gens and the quartz-crystal character of a nobleman's valet de are now in the possession of Mr John chambre, at last trod the boards .of a White, lapidary, 34. North Bridge. theatre, in the humble capacity of a Street, where they may be viewed by waiter, or a scene. shifter. It has the curious. We cannot conclude generally been considered as incurawithout remarking, that it will be dis- ble, and I am afraid with no small graceful if the finest crystallized to- reason : however, if any of your nupaz known to exist, be allowed to go merous readers could point out an easy out of this island ; and yet we fear and effectual cure, they would exa that the Museum at Paris would give tremely oblige both my friend, and much more for it than


institution Your very humble servant, in Great Britain. But we would rather

G. hear of its being even sent to France,

Edinburgh, 1st Dec. than of its being cut up for toys in

MY DEAR SIR, 1809. Scotland. How praiseworthy would it be for the Magistees and Council with a few lines upon a-subject which

I take the liberty to trouble you of the City of Edinburgh to purchase distresses me very much, and to rethis matchless specimen, and present it to the University Museum. There it quest your advice, in applying somewould remain as a lasting monument

thing effectual to check the growth

of an evil which encreases every day, of the taste and public spirit of our

You present city rulers.

to my great sorrow and dread.

know, Sir, that my family is very large, Canonmills,

N. and my wealth very moderate; and 27th Dec. 1809.

as I have always made it a rule to look beyond the present moment, I

often consider, that by the usual course Caution against the excessive Pursuit of of Nature I have not many years to the FINE ARTS.

live, and that after my death, my chil

dren will have nothing to depend upon To the Editor.

for subsisience but their own industry. SIR,

My five sons, thank heaven, are stout I Humbly beg leave to offer the fol- and healthy, and by a proper attention

lowing case to the attention of your to business, might make their way readers.

It was sent to me by a very through the world respectably. But honest and industrious tradesman of alas ! Sir my three eldest sons have this city (to whom I am related,) for lately been seized by such a passion my consideration and advice. Not for the Fine Arts, that things are left being able to suggest any remedy for

at sixes and sevens in order to afford this unfortunate cacceihes, I thought time for the study of Milton and Pope, that by making the case public, some or Sir Joshua Reynolds. Lectures on

your correspondents might perhaps Painting. They can hardly answer þit upon a method of cure. The disor- me except in poetical language, and der which has seized part of his family, they converse wiih each other about is by no means uncommon : I myself nothing but poets and painters, fire, have seen a great many instances of harmony, invention, taste and effect. -it, chiefly among young shopkeepers It grieves nie beyond measure to see and apprentices; and have had oppor- them wasting their best days in scribtunities of observing its progress to- bling wretched poetry, and daubing



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paper and canvas; but all my remon- your advice in this unfortunate af. strances have no effect, and their mo. fair, and believe me ever, ther never fails to take their part, and

Dear Sir, &c. encourage their folly and perverseness. P. S. My second son this morning I believe they have contrived to turn laid out his whole little stock of cash her head as wellas their own; for when in the purchase of a picture in oil, I attempt to reason with her on the ab- which he has this moment discovered surdity and danger of encouraging their not to be worth sixpence. idleness, she overwhelms me with a torrent of names of poets and painters, who, she says, were children of tradesmen like myself, and raised themselves Memoirs of the Progress of MIANUby their talents to fame and independ- FACTURES, CHEMISTRY, SCIENCE, ence. I know that some men of ge- and the FINE ARTS. nius have advanced from obscurity into notice solely, by their own merit; MR.JOHN PENWARNE has obtained of indigent genius succeeding in the his valuable invention of the Terra world, twenty of the reverse might Marmorossa, ko which plaster-casts be produced. Nay, if my boys had are made to resemble, both in hard. really talents for poetry or painting, I ness and colour, the most beautiful might perhaps sacrifice my own wish- statuary marble; a discovery highly es to their inclinations, but unfortun interesting to the lovers of the fine ately there is not a single spark of genius among them for either art; of this Some experiments have been tried I have been assured by several sincere in the course of the present month, and candid friends, who were well in the presence of a considerable numqualified to judge of these matters, and ber of London Surveyors, on a new to whom I showed some of my sons' Fire and Water Proof Terras, for roofs performances. Neither is this silly ex- and ceilings, and it has been found to travagance inspired by Nature; the answer the most sanguine expectations. confounded itch for painting and versi- Mr W. J. Hooker, F.L.S. of Norfying has affected them only within wich, is lately returned from Iceland, these 2 or 3 months, and since they where he spent the summer, in invesbegan to attend a scciety (as they call tigating the natural history of that it) of Shopkeepers' Clerks and Ap- country. He travelled with a retinue prentices, where some wag, I suppose, of Icelanders, as far up the country seeing their weakness, has determin- as the perennial snow would permit; ed to amuse himself and friends at pitching his tent wherever interesting their expence.

But their madness objects, such as the Geyser springs, does not stop even here, for I over- invited. He made a large collection heard them yesterday talking of pub- of specimens of quadrupeds, birds, inlishing some poetry by subscription, sects, plants, and minerals. He likeand disputing about the characters they wise purchased, in different places, were to personate in a private play.-- Icelandic books, weapons, dresses, &c. This last specimen of insanity convin- at high prices. It is to be regretted, ced me that some decisive measure however, that nearly the whole of his must be immediately adopted, other- labours were lost, by the vessel in wise the disease will be past all cure, which he embarked for London lahing and the ruin of my boys certain.-- fire, and being burnt to the water's. Have the goodness to favour me with edge. The crew and passengers were

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