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er to the sun, (Newton's Princip. lib. Account of Receipt and Expenditure
3. prop. 7.) shortened our year by di- of EDINBURGH CHARITY WORKminishing the semi-diameter of our or- HOUSE, with Remarks. bit, and increasing the velocity of the earth's motion, (Princip. lib. 3. prop. “ There is no fellowship of Honour and 2. ;) and enlarged the solar parallax “ Baseness in the same breast ; and to as we approached him, (Euclid, lib. 6 combine the best and the worst designs prop. 20.)
" is no more possible in one mind, than Had these meteoric stones come “ it is for the same man to be at the from the moon, the loss of matter les- same instant virtuous and vicious. sening her gravitation and celerity,
QUINTILIAN. must have carried her to a greater dis
To the Editor. tance from us, diminished her paral- SIR, lax, and lessened the number of her an- ONE of the most celebrated philonual lunations, by the above cited doc- sophers of this country has protrines.
nounced as his opinion, that it is the None of these consequences having business of those who turn their speculaoccurred, we must infer, that the tions on the living world, to commend the quantity of matter in the earth is un- virtues, as well as to expose the faults changed since the creation, and, con- of their contemporaries, and to confute sequently, that these aero-piptic stones a false as well as to support a just acare thrown from our volcanoes. cusation. Our belief in the propriety
Many of these stones, which you of this maxim, has led us, for some have mentioned, are probably from years past, to submit to the readers of Hecla, which has been in a state of the Scots Magazine, various statements dreadful explosion, occasionally, of of the management and application of late ; and the flaming stones from the the funds of the Charity Work-House southward islands, or from the coun. in this city, all of which reflect very try between Lima and Quito, which great credit on the Managers, and on has been in vehement commotion. the Treasurer in particular; while their
The force and direction of the praise-worthy efforts to suspend and wind, acting upon these meteoric prevent the operation of an act of stones, as well as the state of the air, Parliament, recently obtained by the must have effects ; a copious quantity Magistrates (without knowledge of the of oxygen gas inust give them addi- Managers !)'in so far as relates to this tional splendour in their passage thro' establishment, certainly intitles them it.
to the hearty thanks of every friend of When the wind is with or against the poor and of the oppressed. them, their velocity, and the distance In Vol. LXX. p. 885, et. seq. Our they travel, will be proportionably af- readers will find the last statement of fected ; a lateral wind must act upon the affairs of this charity ; from which them as the angular bearing and ven- it appears, that although the number tal impetus. (Newton's Princip. lex. maintained, had encreased, 1807-8, 2. co. 1.)
froin 782 to 1000, that the balance reThese stones are seen to fall back maining in favour of the establishment into the crater, generally in calm wea- amounted to no less than L. 221. 11. 9. ther : but are carried off by the winds, Now, " as there is no fellowship of and, finally, descend to the earth, af honour and baseness in the same ter describing a parabola, more or less breast,” and as the circumstances reelevated in the atmosphere, proportion- lative to the management of this pubate to their projectile force and cen. lic institution have remained pretty tripetal power.
much the same as last year, it will not
therefore therefore excite surprise to find that continued to prosper-and this will be the affairs of the House have hitherto learned from the following exposé :
Receipt and Expenditure of the EDINBURGH CHARITY WORKHOUSE, from
1st July 1808 to 1st July 1809, by GEORGE SPANKIE, Treasurer.
Maintenance*, €.2800' 9.7 £. 221 11 9 Petty charges †, . 229 6 7 Church collections,
1783 10 4 Household fees and Two per cent.'poor's mo
561 6 6 ney,
1384 6 7 Clothing, bedding,
261 14 92 tion,
1999 13 Buildings, repairs, & Mr Hallowell, ditto 15 00
Children at nurse, &
1162 2 3 City of Edinburgh, 200 0 0 Temporary supplies, 64 9.6 Ditto for children,
Leith dock bonds, 200 0 0
150 0 0
4 0 0
6 0 0
241 3. 7
45 0 0
bes & Co, for six
300 0 0
596 7 102
kie this year,
£.6365 8 11%
2.6365 8 113
This year 684 have resided in the individuals have been regularly supHouse ; 90 ghildren have been paid plied; being in all 1194, whereof for at nurse ;, and 420 families and 71 have died in the House.
* This article is L.800 above last year. The Bread cost L.130 more the two last quarters than the same period in 1808; and there is Meal and Barley on hand worth L.350.
† This includes the Weekly Premiums for all Work done in the House.
and funds to pay
The numbers stood in July 1805, Bedlam, also, has been completely at 500. 1806, at 712. 1807, at. repaired, and the house formerly oc782. 1808, at 1000.
cupied by the House of Industry, has Average charge of those maintain- been attached and converted into a ed, Six Pounds Five Shillings, each receptacle for convalescents, where individual per annum, covering all these unfortunates have the advantage charges.
of a large garden to walk and exerBesides the increased numbers de- cise in. This temporary accommopending on the establishment, and dation has no doubt been obtained at that the comforts of the family in eve- a very considerable expense to the ry department are complete, and al. Work-House ; but this, however, may lowing the articles on hand to equal be considered, comparatively, as nothe balance, there has been paid since thing, when we reflect on the relief July 1805, no less a sum than three which has been thus bestowed on a thousand, two hundred pounds! viz. class of our fellow creatures, placed Of debt at that period,
by Providence in so pitiable and methe
lancholy a situation. whole,
£.1600 0 0 The principal support of the ChaRepairs in House, in
rity Work-House, is derived from the Bedlam, &c. &c. 800 0 0 collections at the established churches, Loss sustained on 89
(which forms a tax on about one cighth children left by Mr
part of the community,) and a voluntary Richardson, late
tax of 2 per centum upon property in kirk - treasurer, be
the city ; excluding, however, that sides that 36 of
portion of it which belongs to memthem have been re
bers of the College of Justice, who ceived into the house,
have hitherto, in a most shameful manafter deducting1501.
ner, withheld paying their proportions from the City these
of this tax. The value of property 0 0 belonging to this class--by far the most
opulent part of the community,-is £.32000 O great, and their refusing to pay, mate
rially diminishes the funds of the Hence it will be observed, that the Work-House. With feelings of surnumbers supported and supplied this prise, it may be here noticed, that year 1808-9, amount to 1194, be- these people belonging to the Courts of ing 194 persons more than in the Law, send a large proportion of Mayear preceding!
nagers to dispose of the funds of this During the last four years, there charity, to which they do not contribute! has been an increase of no less than Without some compulsory measure, 694 persons, as burdens on this chari. we believe one may as well attempt ty; notwithstanding of which, the pru- “ to turn the Sun to ice by fanning in dence of the Managers has enabled “ his face with a peacock's feather,” as them to make very great improve- to induce this class of Citizens to do ments both in the Work-house and in what they ought in respect to the poor; Bedlam. The former has undergone but it would appear they are proof a. a thorough repair, by which the com- gainst the compunctious visitings of forts of its humble tenants have been nature.” Qui an magni sapientesque greatly increased-while the strictest sint, nescio : homines, non sunt - Plin. attention has at same time been paid to Edinburgh, we believe, is the only the qualities of the different necessa- place in this island that does not prories of life employed for their support, vide for its poor.
The whole annual stated revenue of vernment. France, after seizing the this House at present, therefore, does possessions of that state, 'and ceding not exceed L.3,500, while the expen- the bulk of them to Austria, kept, diture last year was nearly 1.6000: however, these islands to herself, by This, of course, renders the institution the treaty of Campo Fornio. They very dependent on Casual revenue. were taken from her, in March 1799,
The propriety of this charitable by a combined Russian and Turkish institution being dependent on ca. fleet, and were then erected into an sual revenue, has been supported by independent republic, under the title some, but denied by many people : of the “ Seven Islands.” Russia, howin our opinion, as the matter now ever, again ceded them to France by stands, we consider it an anfair tax
the treaty of Tilsit, which last power on the charitable and humane, while has remained master of them till now, those, certainly of unenviable, but op- when they have been restored to inposite feelings, escape.
dependence under the auspices of BriWe intended here to offer a few re- tain. marks on that portion of the act of Of these islands, Cephalonia is the Parliament lately passed, to which we largest, and may, if protected by wise have formerly alluded, relative to the laws, become, under the British goCharity Work-House--the manner in vernment, one of the emporiums of which it was obtained and the ef- the Levant. It is in circuit full 170 fects likely thereby to be produced on miles, poesessing on the south-west this institution; but as we understand side a very capacious harbour, named that a strong, yet respectful remon- Argostoli; capable of affording shelstrance, has been presented to the Ma- ter to a large fleet, and locked on algistrates and Town Council on the most every quarter. Under the Vesubject, pointing out the eventual netian government, there were two ruin of the House if the purposes of forts upon it, but they have been 'althe act should be carried into effect, allowed to fall into ruin. The wines, together with other baleful consequen- as well as all the productions of Ceces likely to ensue from it, we shall for phalonia, are highly esteemed. the present wave our intention of wri. In its vicinity, separated only by an ting on the subject, until we hear of arm of the sea, about a league broad, the result of the representation. That called the “ Canel Guiscardo," stands it may have the desired effect-prays, Ithaca, or Teachi, the little Cephalo
TIMON. nia ; so famous as the country of UEdinburgh, 2
lysses, and the residence of Penelope. Dec. 18th 1809.
The island is near forty miles in circumference.
Cerigo, the ancient Cythera, accor
ding to the mythologists, the ancient Description of the IONIAN ISLANDS. residence of Venus, is situate to the
south-east of the Morea, and is about THESE islands, which our navy 50 miles in circumference. The
has just wrested out of the hands greater part is mountainous and rocky, of France, are situated along the wes- but the rest produces corn and extern coast of Greece, from the mouth cellent grapes. The town of San Eof the Adriatic to the southern extre- icolo, in this island, has a fort, and a mity of the Morea. They extend good road for ships. from 36 to 40 degrees of south lati- Zante is the last and most southern tude. Prior to the French revolution, of this cluster of islands, being about they were subject to the Venetian go- 12 miles from Cephalonia, 14 miles
long, and eight broad. It is not dis- culty which will now be greatly aug. tant from the Morea, and yields to mented, may not improbably enable none of those already described in us to expel the French, and to reduce fertility. Its currants, no less than it to our obedience. its wines, are celebrated throughout Sta. Maura, the Leucadia of antithe Levant; and it has a fine port on quity, stands between Corfu and Cethe south side, which portion of the phalonia, and almost touches the coast country is said to be almost covered
of Epirus or Achia, to which it was with fruit-trees.
undoubtedly joined in the early ages Of the remaining Ionian islands, of the world. Though only about Corfu, the most northern, claims pre- seventy English miles round, yet it cedence, as the largest of the whole produces, in abundance, oil, wine, cluster.' Though niterior in magni- grain, and fruits of the most delicate tude to Cephalonia, it is of far supe- Havour. rior importance in every point of view. Placed by nature precisely at the entrance of the Adriatic, close to the SCOTTISH REVIEW. shore of Epirus, it may be denominated the key of the Venetian gulph. I. Appeal to the Tenants of Lands Under the Venetians, in the middle
in Scotland, on the subject of the ages, and down even to the seven
I'roperty Tax. By John Shirreff. teenth century, Corfu was esteemed
Svo, 63 pages. Constable & Co. the advanced bastion and bulwark of
VERY considerable fermentation the Christian states, against the Otto
has been excited among the landman power, when the Solymans and ed interest of Scotland, by the subject the Selims menaced Italy, no less than to which the present pamphlet relates. the German empire. Situated in a It is alledged, that, by the present beautiful climate, enjoying a salubri- mode of levying the property tax 'ous air, and an exuberant soil, near
from the tenantry of this country, an 120 miles in circumference ; its pro- anequal share of the burden falls upon ductions, of every kind, are of a su- that useful class of the community. It perior quality. Homer has placed in is certainly very hard that such should Corfu, then denoininated Phencia, be the case ; yet, on the other hand, the gardens of King Alcinous. It is Scottish farmers are at present tos only about 50 miles distant from 0- prosperous to have any claim to an tranto, in Apulia, and was justly re- exemption which is not enjoyed by garded by Venice, as one of her most other classes. invaluable possessions. There are in It seems agreed on all hands, that it several excellent ports; but the cir- the income of the farmer cannot be cumstance which distinguishes it from estimated, like professional or mercan all the other in its vicinity, is, that tile income, by any precise annual cal. Corfu has a strong, and almost im- culation. He is seldom in the tabi: pregnable fortress. It stands, as dues of keeping regular books. His fare the capital of the island which it pro- and house expenses, liis fixed and cirtects, in a centrical position, looking culating capital, are so interwoven an. towards Epirus, built partly on the intermingled together, that it is sumtock, surrounded by the sea, partly posed scarcely possible to make any on the mount St Mark. Though accurate distinction between the now in the possession of Napoleon, To remedy this inconvenience, the kyet the difficulty of throwing in sup- gislature has enacted, that the incer plies of provisions, adequate to the of the farmer shall, in all cases, be en consumption of the garrison, a diffi- timated at one half of the valued is