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opposition, as Mr Ponsonby, Mr Tierney, sonby expressed himself satisfied with the Lord H, Petty, Mr C. Wynne, &c. on the answer, though he did not thereby mean score of its being coo general, and in reality to pledge himself to approve of the engageaccusing all the departments of Govern ments his Majesty had been advised to coment of corruption. Specific charges on ter into. ly, they alleged, should be brought for.

Tuesday, April 25. ward, and not general accusations. At last Lord A. Hamilton rose to make a mothe House divided. For the motion 30, à tion of a vote of censure of Lord Castle. gainst it 173.

reagh, for his attempt to facilitate the elec, Tuesday, April 18.

tion of Lord Clancarty to be a Member Mr Parnell moved for a Committee of of Parliament, by means of an Indian writhe whole House to take into consideration tership. He stated the evidence of this atthe state of the currency in Ireland. His tempt, namely, Lord Castlereagh's own object was to prove, that it was expedient acknowledgment, when examined before the standard coin should hear the same va

the Committee appointed to inquire iato lue in Ireland that it does in England. He

the abuses of East India patronage, and explained how this might be accomplished. proposed that that evidence

should be read. The different Members who spoke ad. Lord Gastlereagh then rose up, and made mitted the advantage of equalizing the va.

his defence. He acknowledged the improlue of the coin, but doubted the possibility priety of the transaction, bar slated a vaof accomplishing it by Mr Parnell's plan, riety of circumstances in extenuation of it, The motion was negatived.

and then withdrew. Lord d. Hamilton

then proposed the following resolutions :Thursday, April 20.

Resolved-Ist, That it appears to this Mr Ponsonby wished to be informed of House, from the evidence on the table, the meaning attached to that part of the that Lord Viscount Castlereagh, in the Spanish treaty which bound his Majesty to year 1805, he having just quitted the office aid the Spanish people, and to acknow- of President of the Board of Controul, and Jedge no King of Spain but Ferdinand VII. being then a Privy Counsellor, and Secrehis legitimate heirs or successors acknow. tary of State, did place at the disposal of ledged by the Spanish nation. Mr Can- the Earl Clancarty, a Member of the said ning answered, that the meaning was ob- Board, the nomination of a writership to viously this, that his Majesty bound him- India, for the purpose of thereby procuring self, while Spain and Great Britain acted the said Earl Clancarty a seat in this Hotheir parts faithfully in common against pourable House. the usurpation of France, to acknowledge 2d, That it was owing to a disagreement no King but such as the Spanish people ac. among other subordinate parties to the knowledged. Ferdinand VII. was now the transaction, that this corrupt negotiation legitimate King of Spain; but he, with his did not take effect. whole family being in the enemy's coun 3d, That Lord Viscount Castlereagh has try, it might so happen that hereafter ano been by the said conduct guilty of a viola. ther Sovereign might succeed to the throne, tion of his duty, of an abuse of his influ. from the failure of the present branch of ence and authority as President of the the House of Bourbon. In that event, it Board of Controul, and also of an attack was understood that two persons divided upon the purity and constitution of this the opinion of the Spanish nation Upon House. the point of which was the legal successor, A very long debate ensued. Lord Binthe Government of this country might have ning, Mr Manners Sutton, Mr Perceval, an opinion ; byt nothing could be more im, and Mr Canning, were the principal speak. politic than to attempt to impose their ers in favour of Lord Castlereagh ; and Mr judgment on the people of another coun. W. Wynpe, Mr W. Smith, Mr Grattan, kry. It was to avoid the slightest appear. Mr Ponsonby, Sir Francis Burdėtt, Mr ance of this that the treaty was framed in Whitbread, and Mr Tierney, were those the nianner it was, and in the true spirit who chiefly defended the motion of Lord of the British character, to show that while A. Hamilton. At last the house divided. they acted together, no King of Spain would for the original motion 167– Against it be received as such by this country, unless 216-Majority for Lord Castlereagh 49. the legitimacy of this claim was qualified Mr Canning had proposed as an amendby the acknowledgment of the Spanish na ment, ' That it is the duty of the House to tion. The other alternative put by the intain a jealous guard over the purity of Right Hon. Gentleman was obviously un election ; but, considering the intention to necessary; for if Spain united with Fspnce, interfere in the election of a Member of and acknowledged the house of Bonaparte, Parliament had not been carried-into cri. the treaty was consequently null. Mr Ponminal effect, the House does not conceive

ment.

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it necessary to come to a criminating reso low the proprietors to raise the price sixlution upon the subject.'

pence halfpenny. He then moved for The House next divided on this amend.

leave to bring in a bill, in order to amend For it 214-Against it 167–Ma. the 37th of Geo. III. relating to the restricjority 47. Another amendment was pro tions on newspapers. After some converposed to be added by Nir W. Wynne, that sation, during which it was stated that the the House were confirmed in their opinion last year's duty on newspapers amounted by the regret expressed by Viscount Cas.

to two millions, the motion was agreed
tlereagh for his misconduct. This amend. to without a division.
mest, laowever, was negatived without a
division.

Friday, April 28.
Mr Eden rose to make his promised mo-

Lord H. Petty severely animadverted ution. On the 3d of December, Mr Frere

pon the issue of a sum of 80,0001. for the wrote to Sir John Moore, mentioning the

maintenance of Portigueze emigrants dudisposition of the people of Madrid to de

ring the sitting of Parliament, without confend the place, and requesting him to de. sulting the same ; and concluded with molay his intended retreat. This letter he

ving, That the applying any sums of modispatched by a Frenchman, and General ney to uses not voted by Parliament, is a Moore received it on the 5th of December. misapplication of the public money, and an He received, at the same time, a dispatch

invasion of the acknowledged right and from the Junca of Madrid. Mr Canning' privilege of the House of Commons." The had intimated that Ministers were not in

Chancellor of the Exchequer said, he would possession of this paper. He happened

not differ from the Noble Lord in the prinhimself to have a correct copy of it, and ciple laid down by him. There were num. would read it, with the permission of the

berless precedents of this being done; and House, as a part of his speech. It stated,

such things happened during the adminis

Mr that Castanos was advancing to Madrid trạtion of the Noble Lord himself. with an army of 25,000 med ; that another Tierney supported the motion, and Mr army was also on its march to Madrid, Huskisson opposed it. The question was that the people were determined to defend negatived. the town, and had nothing to fear from

Monday, May 1. the French ; and concluded by pressing Sir Mr Orde called the attention of the John Moore to advance with his army, to House to the conduct of the Dutch Com. join and support that of Castanos. The missioners, as explained in the 4th report dispatch is dated 28 December, and signed of the Financial Committee. Their ac, by Don T. Morla. On that very day Morla counts had not been called on by Governhad an interview with the French General, ment, and were 14 years in arrear. Inand next day the French took quiet posses stead of putting the money into the Bank sion of Madrid. Hence there was every of England, as they were bound to do, reason to believe that this was a snare cal. they had put it into the hands of private culated to draw on the British army to its bankers. They had refused to advance ruin. Mr Eden's motion was, that a copy L. 50,000 for the service of Government, of this dispatch be laid upon the cable. Al. when they had large sums in their hands ; ter some conversation, the motion was ne they had taken each L. 27,000 as a remu. gatived without a division.

neration for their services for four years On the motion of Mr Huskisson, the and a half; they had claimed the enormous House resolved itself into a Committee, to sum of five per cent. on the gross amount, take into consideration the act of the 37th while, had they even been considered as ex. George III. on newspaper restrictions. He posed to risks and losses, they could only stated, that in 1797 an additional three have claimed two and a half. He concluhalfpence was laid upon newspapers; and ded a speech of considerable langth by moit was agreed that the proprietors should ving several resolutions, the substance of be allowed 12 per cent. duty on stamps, which was, That to permit any persons to provided they restricted the price of their hold a pecuniary trust without some check, papers to sixpence. Since that period, owing and without calling regularly for their acto the rise in the price of paper, the addi counts, must inevitably lead to evils the tional expense of labour, and other circum most serious ; that neglect must have existe stances, the present profits were not ade ed on the part of Government, in not ha. quate to the expenditure. Two modes of ving called for such accounts; that the redress were proposed. The first, to take Commissioners were chargeable with the off the discount altogether, and allow the most represensible neglect; and in approproprietors to fix their own prices. The priating to themselves the sums they had second, and he thought the preferable claimed as a remuneration for their servi. mode, was to continue the discount, and al ces, had shamefully abused the confidence

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years of

reposed in them; that the Commissioners could be nothing else than a string of asserstood accountable to the public for such tions unsupported by proof. He conclud. sums, and that their accounts ought to be ed by moving for a number of papers. All referred to auditors. A debate of consider. his motions were agreed to, after Mr Husable length ensued. At last a division took kisson had animadverted with great ability place; Ayes 77 ; Noes 102.

upon some of the most striking of his assere Monday, June 19.

tions. Sir Thomas Turton rose to make his mo

HOUSE OF LORDS. tion respecting the determination formed

Tuesday, June 20. by the Court of India Directors for the pe.

The Lord Chancellor submitted to the remptory recal of those persons whose appointments to India, as cadets and writers, motion relative to the Roxburgh cause.“

consideration of the House his promised were procured by corrupt or clandestine influence. He argued, at much length, on

He accordingly moved, “ That it appeare the cruelty and injustice, not only of recal

ed to their Lordships, the term used in the

deed of 1648,' to the eldest daughter, and ling those persons from India, after

her heirs-male,' was meant to the daughfaithful service, but of totally ruining their future prospects, by declaring them incapa- male general,' it was also meant the heirs

ters seriatim, and that by the term heirs ble of being again employed in the East India Company's service, to the

male of their bodies feriatim should be

preparation for which the whole study of their youth preferred to the heirs male general. It had been devoted. He concluded by mo

was therefore clear that the claim of Sir

James Innes Kerr was substantiated, if he ving, “ That this House do not concur with the determination on the part of the Court heir-male of the body claiming as such, un

could satisfactorily prove himself to be the of Directors to recal from India the persons so obtaining their appointments, and exclu- should also move, “ That the further con

der the right of Lady Margaret." He ding them for ever from the service of the Company, because the House conceived

sideration of this question regarded the acsuch a measure towards unoffending par- postponed till next session". He, lastly,

tion of reduction, which he wished to be ties, under such circumstances, as contrary moved, “That the whole of the appeals to the spirit of British justice and humanity.Mr Dundas defended the conduct of

on the Roxburgh cause be taken into conthe Directors, and showed that they could

sideration the first cause day of next session not act otherwise than they had done.-

of Parliament.” All these motions were He moved the previous question. A de

unanimously agreed to. bate of some length ensued. The House

Wednesday, June 21. at last divided. For the previous questiou At half past three o'clock, the Arch77; against it 35.

bishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chancel. Mr Wardle rose, to show that, by a pro lor, and the Earls of Dartmouth, Camden, per regard to economy, eleven millions an. . and Westmoreland, took their seats in their nually might be saved to the nation. In a robes, as his Majesty's Commissioners ; very long speech, he pointed out a great when the Commons, with the Speaker at saving might be effected. The household their head, being in attendance at the bar, troops, three thousand, were never em the Lord Chancellor read the following ployed in service, They might be reduced speech :to 500. The dragoons were 23,400 ; they

My Lords and Gentlemen, might be reduced to 15,000. The foreign troops in our service were nearly 25,000;

.6 We are commanded by his Majesty to they ought, he thought, to be ali disband acquaint you, that his Majesty has great ed. He noticed the military roads, the satisfaction in being enabled, by the state martello towers, the military canal, the for

of the public business, to release you from tifications at Dover, all of which he thought yeur laborious attendance in Parliament. useless expenditures of public money. He

“ His Majesty doubts not that, on your noticed the expence of levying the taxes,

return into your respective counties, you which he considered as too great;. the

will carry with you a disposition to incul. post office was too expensive; the clothing

cate, both by instruction and example, a che local militia was ioo high; the volun. spirit of attachment to those established teers ought to serve without pay; about a

laws, and that happy constitution, which third part of the total expense of the navy

it has ever been his Majesty's anxious wish might be saved. These were the chief to support and to maintain, and upon points noticed. We have not room to be which, under Providence, depend the wel. snore particular ; nor is it of much conse.

fare and prosperity of this kingdom. quence to our readers that we should, as Gentlemen of the House of Commons, the speech, from the very nature of it, “We have it in command from his Ma.

jesty

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jesty to thank you for the liberal provision 1. Smith v. M'Neil—This question was, which you have made for the services of whether a decree of valuation of tiches, the present year, and to express the satis- pronounced by the Sub-Commissioners, faction which his Majesty derives from

was defective, because it did not appear your having been enabled to provide for that the minister of the parish had been a those services, without any great or im- party to it. The Court of Session decided, mediate addition to the burdens upon his that that was not necessary, the minister not people.

having been a parson, but merely a stipen. “ His Majesty particularly commands us diary, that is, he had no right to the tithes, to acknowledge your prompt attention to but only to the fixed stipend out of them, his wishes respecting an increased provi- and of course without direct interest in the sion for the poorer clergy; an object in the valuation.--Affirmed. highest degree interesting to his Majesty's 2. Magistrates of Kirkcudbright v. At. feelings, and deserving the favourable corre

fleck. This was an important case. A sideration of Parliament.

prisoner, for debt, had escaped froni the

prison of Kirkcudbright. The Court of My Lords and Gentlemen,

Session found the Magistrates liable in da" The atrocious and unparallelled act of mages, as sufficient care had not been taken. violence and treachery by which the ruler - Afirmed, with 80l. costs. of France attempted to surprise and to en 3. Playfair v. MDonald.—This quesslave the Spanish nation, while it has exci. tion was, whether the Principal of the U. ted in Spain a determined and unconquer. Diversity of St Andrew's had an original able resistance against the usurpation and and casting vote, or an original vote only, tyranny of the French Government, has, at or a casting vote only. The Iouse of the same time, awakened in other nations Lords found that the Principal had boch of Europe a determination to resist, by a an original and casting vote, and reversed new effort, the continued and increasing the decision of the Court of Session. encroachments on their safety and indepen 4. Arnot v. Hill, respecting the election dence.

of Dr Flint and his Son, to be joint Pro“ Although the uncertainty of all human fessor of Medicine in the University f St events, and the vicissitudes attendant upon

Andrew's. -Reversed. war, forbid too confident an expectation of 5. Frank v. Frank, This question was a satisfactory issue to the present struggle brought to invalidate a will upon two against the common enemy of Europe, his grounds, 1st, because the testator was inMajesty commands us to congratulate capable of making his will; 2d, because you upon the splendid and important suis

one of the witnesses had not seen the tes. cess which has recently crowned the arms tator sign the will, or acknowledge his sigof the Emperor of Austria, under the able

The Court of Session was of opi. and distinguished conduct of his Imperial nion that there was not sufficient evidence, Highness the Archduke Charles.

upon either of the points, to invalidate the " To the efforts of Europe for its own

will.- Affirmed. deliverance, his Majesty has directed us to In the appeal respecting the Roxburgh assure you, that he is determined to con. cause, Counsel were heard for six weeks. tinue his most strenuous assistance and sup. No decision was given; but the Lord port, convinced that you will agree with

Chancellor delivered his opinion in favour him in considering that every exertion for

of Sir James Innes, provided he proves his the re-establishment of the independence propinquiry. Resolutions, respecting his and security of other nations, is no less con Lordship's opinion, were entered on the ducive to the true interests, than it is be- journals; and it was also ordered, that the coming the character and honour of Great appeals on this question do stand for the Britain.”

first cause day next session of Parliament.

Counsel were also heard at great length The Lord Chancellor then, in the usual

upon the Peerage of Borthwick, and the form, prorogued the Parliamant to the

further consideration postponed till next 10th of August. — By successive Royal session of Parliament. 'Proclamations, it has been further proro

During the last 26 sessions of Parliament, gued till the 23d of January next, to be then

282 appeals from the Court of Session have holden.

been heard before the House of Lords, on

ly 39 of which have been totally reversed. Scors APPEALS.

This does great honour to the Court of

Session, as many of them were cases of The following are the appeals determi- great intricacy, doubt, and difficulty: The ned by the House of Lords, last session of above statement clearly refutes the unParliament, with their determinacions ge founded allegation, that one half of the nerally:

Scots appeals had been reversed.

HLS

nature.

*

Historical Affairs.

TURKEY AND RUSSIA. . and be sent under an escort to places

under the Russian government. By an

imperial Ukase with various success, but with great empire, for the army and fleet, is orderslaughter on both sides. We have no cor,

ed of five males out of every 500.” sect details from either army; but the following article shows that victory has

It appears, by letters from Palermo of decided in favour of the Russians,

the 27th Oct. received at Malta, that

Mr Basilico, the British messenger, bad St. Petersburgh, Oct. 7. been landed there from a Spanish frigate, “The commander in chief of the Rus. on his way from Constantinople, chargsian imperial army acting against the ed with important dispatches, the sob. Turks, General Prince Bagration, has stance of which imported, that the Rustransmitted advice, that immediately af- sians, after various desperate engageter the conquest of the fortresses Talt. ments, had so fully succeeded in defeat: teha, Isslitchia, Matshi, and Gussowa, ing the Turks, that they had pursued the Russian troops attacked with their the remnant of their armies almost to accustomed bravery, and entirely de the gates of the capital. Should Confeated, a Turkish corps, amounting to stantinople at last fall into the hands of about 20,000 men, which liad been as. the Russians, there can be no doubt but sembled near Rassewata, under the that it will prove a source of discord be. commandofthe Seraskier, Gorray: Pasha. tween Alexander and Napoleon. The According to accounts received from former, and indeed almost all his predethe scene of action, soco Turks were cessors, since the new creation of the left dead on the field, a great number ta Russian empire by Peter the Great, neken prisoners, and 15 cannon and 30 ver ceased to look upon Turkey as the standards, among which were the bans natural object of their ambition. It was ners of the Seraskier, fell into the hands always at hand, it was comparatively of the victors. The Turks who esca. weak in itself, and only defended by the ped the slaughter fled in the utmost ter- jealousy which its conquest would noč ror and confusion to Kusgun and Silis- have failed to excite among the other tria, and were pursued 35 wersts. mighty nations of the Continent. Un. After this signal victory, the following willing to afford the latter a cause for forts were taken, viz. on the right bank war, the Russiaa emperors contented of the Danube, Kusgun, and on the themselves, in their various campaigns coast of the Biack Sea, Kistendschi and against Turkey, with the acquisition Magular. The conquest of these was of a few towns or small provinces. the torerunner of a stili more important These acquisitions were in themselves military, occurrence. On the 14th of tou trifling to create envy or apprehenSeptember the celebrated and strong sion ; whilst their incessant succession fortress of Ismael surrendered; the con- opened to Russia a secure, though disquest of which in all former wars of the tant prospect of at last possessing the Ottoman Purte had been purchased by whole of her prey. The overthrow of a considerable loss of men, but was now most of the Continental states, and the delivered to the victorious arms of his repeated conflicts in which France has imperial majesty without bloodshed.- engaged, as well as the necessity to The commander lays at the feet of the which the last military exertion of Aus. Emperor the keys of this fortress, toge. tria reduced her, of courting the friend. ther with the capitulation, according to ship and assistance of Alexander, has which the garrison and inhabitants, five supplied him with the most favourable days after the Russian troops had taken opportunity for gratifying the thirst of possession of the city, were to leave it, bis ambition.

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