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are to be considered and decided by ABSTRACT OF THE New Swedish Con- the king, who, in the exercise of his
prerogative, must take the advice of s 1. to 9.-The government of Swe his minister of state for foreiga affairs, den shall be monarchical and hereditary, and the chancellor of the council, who with limitation to the issue male. The are responsible for their advice. king must be of the true evangelical re $ 13 to 19.-The supreme command ligion, and must govern conformably to of the navy and army is vested in the this constitution, and with and by the king. advice of a council of state (Stats Rad,) $ 16.-The king cannot deprive or the members of which are to be appoint. cause any subject to be deprived of his «d by the king; who is wholly exempt life, liberty, honour, or property, with, from responsibility, but the members out trial and judgment, nor can he haare responsible for their advice. The rass or persecute any person for his re.. members must be natives of Sweden, ligious opinions, provided the promuland of the true evangelical faith. The gation of them, or the exercise of his council shall consist of nine members, religion, be not injurious to the com. viz. the minister of state for foreign af. munity. fairs, the counsellors, of whom three at $40 to 48-Declare that the prince least must be civil officers, and the chan or king shall be of age at 21, and on his cellor of the court. The secretaries of not baving heirs male, the Diet shall state shall have a seat in the council, be assembled and choose a successor. whenever any case belonging to their No prince of the blood can marry with respective departments shall be under out the king's consent; neither the deliberation. A father and a son, or crown prince, nor the other prinċes, can two brothers, cannot be members of the hold any hereditary office. The king council at the same time. All the af. appoints all his officers of the court and fairs of government (except the diplo. household. matic or foreign relations, and the im $ 49. The states of the kingdom are mediate command of the navy and ar to be assembled every fifth year at Stock. my) shall be submitted to the consider. holm ation and decision of the king, assisted § 40 to 90-Regulate the mode of by at least threc members, exclusive of electing members of the Diet ---The the acting secretary, which number is king cannot impose any taxes without required to constitute a council of state the consent of the Diet, and the bank for the transaction of business. A mi. is under the immediate controul of the nute shall be made of all the proceede states of the kingdom-The king canings of the council ; every member pre- not negociate loans within the kingsent shall be unconditionally bound to dom, nor in foreign countries; nor can give his advice ; but the privilege of de. he sell, dispose of, or alienate any prociding is vested in the king, who, by vince belonging to the kingdom, nor virtue of his prerogative, may assent ur
alter the value of the current coin. dissent from any measure, in opposition $ 90 10 94-Provide, that if the king to the votes or opinions of all the mem continde absent more than a twelvebers. But, in the possible event of the month, the Diet must be assembled, decision of his majesty being repugnant and the king informed thereof. That to the constitution and laws, the mem when the successor is not of age, the bers are required by the most solemn Diet must be assembled, and appoint a obligation to remonstrate ; and in case regency to govern during his minority. aoy member's opinion shall not be duly When the king is 18 years of age, he is recorded, such member shall be deem- to attend the several courts of justice, ed guilty of counselling and abetting without, however, taking any part in the king in his unconscitutional decis the decisions. sion.
$ 94 to 107-Explain what is to be § 9. to 13.—Before aay appeal can be done, should the members of the counmade to the king in council, it must be cil neglect assembling the Diet, or act submitted to the secretary of state, and contrary to their duty; and enjoins, a council specially appointed for hear- that at each Diet a committee shall be ing it. Ministerial or political affairs appointed, for enquiring into the con. December 1809.
duct of the ministers, council, and se. that city, be marched for Stralsund, which cretaries of state.
he reached on the 25th of May, (with on§ 108-Regards a committee for su. ly about one half of his force,) and whence, perintending the liberty of the press.
it is said, he intended to pass over to the § 108 to 114-State, that no Diet can
isle of Rugen. Before, however, he had be of longer durazion than three months,
got the necessary, preparations completed, except business shall require it. No
the enemy, consisting of Danes, Dutch, and
French, under General Grasien, appeared man, while a member of the Diet, can
before the town, in considerable force ;be accused or depriv of his liberty, and having forced the gates with cannon, for his actions or expressions in his re entered the place. Schilt collected his force, spective state, unless the particular state and attacked the enemy with great bravery. to which he belongs shall demand it. A desperate battle took place, with great No officer of the crown must influence, carnage on both sides. But the gallant by his authoriry, the election of a mem Schill, while heading his soldiers in the ber of the Diet, &c.
great square, receiving a mortal wound,
his men began to give way; and a rein. WAR IN GERMANY.
forcement coming up to the enemy, the We have hitherto only had roon for the
remainder of this brave little corps found details of the great battles which have been
it necessary to surrender prisoners of war. fought between the main armies of the two
The following is the French General grand contending powers, Austria and Gratien's account (and we have no o. France, during the war which has just ther) of the fate of the unfortunate been concluded. But several bold and das Schill, and his brave followers :ring exploits having been performed in dif
Stralsund, June 5. ferent quarters of Germany, in support of ** On the 23d I proceeded from Lunthe Austrian cause, of these we are now to enburg, and crossed the Elbe at Solfprenotice the most prominent.
ker, in order to cover the Hanse Towns, EXPEDITION OF COLONEL SCHILL. drive Schill from Mecklenburg, and gain
In the month of April, when hostilities possession of Dommitz. It being pro. were apparently determined on, a Colonel bable that the enemy had made himself Von Schill, in the Prussian service, held a private concert with about 30 of his bro
Master of 100,000 pounds of powder, ther officers, who resolved to support him in order to defend himself there, I re
and that he would repair to Stralsund, in a brave attempt to oppose the inroad of the common tyrant in the north of Ger: quested the Danish General Ewald to many. Having, by their joint influence, strengthen my left wing by a column of won over about 7000 of the Prussian sola 1.500 men, with which he complied. diers, and having by great exertions, pro “ Schill was master of all Mecklen. vided themselves with arms and ammuni- burg ; he had levied immense contriburion, årtillery and provisions, they entered tions, and raised a number of recruits. Mecklenburgh, where they hoisted tie He possessed the country from Wismar standard of the German Eagle. Here Schill
to Rostock, from whence he had drie was joined by considerable numbers of Mecklenburghers, Brunswickers, Hessians, ken a number of arms and pieces of can
ven the Mecklenburg garrison, and taPomeranians, &c. so that when he reaclied Wismar on the 21.st of May, he had a well
non, from 12 to six pounders. In the armed body of 16,000 men, (of whom 1500
harbours of those two towns he had were cavalry) under his command. His embarked bis sick and wounded in 32 object, however, was undefined, and being vessels, each of which contained 15 men far distant from any support, his move on board, though they would have held ments became perplexed. A part of his 200 a-piece; a proof i hat he wanted the corps siurprized the small fortress of Dom
vessels for other purposes. When Schill mitz on the Elbe; when' the next day, abandoned this post to me, he of necesthese were again surprized by a small body of Dutch and French, and the greatest which was in two place's defended by
sity threw himself behind the Regnitz, part of them either killed or made prison
He formed a Here likewise, a great number of his boats were taken by the enemy, laden with
bridge at Daschaw, and attacked and ammunition and provisions. He next
took prisoners some troops stationed at threatened to enter Lubeck; but learning
Damgarten. He then proceeded to that a considerable body of the Danish for. Stralsund, which he entered on the 25th ces, under General Ewald, had joined the
He took the French and Dutch and French for the protection of Mecklenburghers, who were there, pri
soners of war, committed the greatest ile of two hours, the enemy was every cruelties in the town, and murdered se where in flight, and our victory was veral Frenchmen with his own hand. complete.
Having delivered the whole of “ The loss of the enemy is inexpres. Mecklenburgh, he crossed tlie Regnitz sible. Schill and 20 of his officers are at Damgarten, and at ten o'clock on killed. Eight hundred were made pri.. the morning of the 31st, 1, together soners. Every day discovers more of with the Danish troops under General them, who were concealed in the hou. Ewald, came before Stralsund. Though
They are almost all wounded. the fortifications of this place had been The streets were filled with dead bodies. razed, yet there remained a broad and 192. of Schill's followers have escaped. deep ditch, full of water; and Schill Of these there were 13 hussar officers, with incredible ardour availed himself of whom seven had been lately appointof the situation, by cutting trenches 2 ed by Schill, 158 hussars, and 13 fusta cross the roads, building drawbridges, leers. These begged permission to replanting heavy artillery, &c. The town turn to Prussia, which I allowed, and was defended by 5000 or 6ooo men. caused them to be conducted by two They consisted of 1000 cavalry, of whicle Staff officers. When they come to the 600 were Schill's regiment; all the old frontiers, they bound themselves by Swedish deserters, who served the are writing to submit to any punishment tillery ; some foresters, and countrymen the King of Prussia night ipfict. of the different counties he had crossed “ It is to be observed, that of the 26 through, and whom he had compelled officers who left Berlin with Schill, 12 to go with him ; nearly 1500 of the Poo have since been killed, and seven are meranian militia who had joined him; wounded or prisoners, Prussian and Austrian deserters, and (Here follow eulogiums on the diffepeople of all kinds collected together; rent officers, companies, &c.) and, lastly, a part of the Mecklenburg ut We have set at liberty some Meck. troops he had taken prisoners, and who lenburghers and French cannoneers. afterwards turned their arms against us. The sixth regiment has taken, in the is. Schill had armed all his men with fire- land of Rugen, a flag and six pieces of locks.
cannon, belonging to the Duke of MeckHaving, to cover my design, made lenburg; and at Stralsund, 60,000 pounds a false attack upon the Trepsee gate, I powder were taken, which had been sent ordered the principal attack to be made from Denmark. on the Kneiper gate, the hornwork of "We have lost Lieut.-General Car. which was defended by 18 cannon of teret, two lieutenant-colonels, besides large calibre, and nine other pieces, 12 commissioned officers, killed and which maintained a hot fire. I ordered a wounded. The Danes have lost two sudden assault to be made. · The sth officers and three soldiers killed, seven regiment, led by Col. Behr, advanced officers and 47 soldiers wounded." first, and was followed by the 9th, un. When the French tyrant first heard der Col. Vezier. He penetrated into of Schill's insurrection, he wrote a sharp the town, notwithstanding the most ob- letter to the King of Prussia respecting stinate resistance. The enemy, bow- him. The unfortunate monarch disavowever, formed writhe town. They fired ed all knowledge of the proceeding ;'on from the houses, and the corner of eve which Bonaparte issued a proclamation, sy street
was the scene of a new engage- offering a reward of 10,000 francs to any ment. Every where they fought man person who should take Schill, dead or to man, foot to foot, with great fury.. alive. After the fatal issue of the battle A part of the Dutch, and the whole of af Stralsund, his head was sent to Casthe Danish cavalry, fought with Schill's sel, in order that the soldier who was cavalry. In the mean while the batte- supposed to have slain him, might reries between the Trepsee and the Knei.ceive the reward. per gates continued to fire upon those
An article, dated Wesel, September 16, of our troops which were still out of states, that on that day, eleven of the comthe town. Further engagements took panions and adherents of the late unfortuplace, till the enemy was driven from all nate Scbill, all of the rank of lieutenants, his guns. At length, after a severe bat were tried by a military special commission
in the hall of the citadel, when the court ferent sides by corps of French, Bava. unanimously pronounced the prisoners goil-. rians, and Saxons ;-but the mountain. ty, and adjudged them to suffer death.-
ous nature of the country, and their The sentence of the court was then read in knowledge of the passes, were favour. presence of the guard, drawn up under arms, able to the patriots, and their mode of which sentence was ordered to be carried ifto full execution within twenty-four hoprs. fighting. In the course of a fety weeks Among the unfortunate sufferers' were
they had made considerable slaughter many Prussian noblemen, including two
among their invaders, particularly of the Counts, Keller and These unforta Bavarians, who were most in advance, Irate young men had surrendered by capitu- and who lost upwards of sooo men, and lation, trusting to French faith, but they many officers. The defeat of the Arch. were executed as robbers.
duke John's army in Italy, and his subDUKE OF BRUNSWICK,
sequent retreat to Hungary, leaving When Col, Schill entered the Meck: the French army in that quarter disenlenburgh territory, the Duke of Bruns. gaged, Bonaparte ordered it to advance wick Oels resolved to join him, and for against the Tyrolese. This force was this purpose collected about 2000 of his too great for Chastellar, and his brave but most faithful subjects, and got them undisciplined comrades, to make head arms of different kinds, muskets, pikes, against, with any chance of success. &c. But his junction with Schill be. They, however, made a gallant stand, ing prevented by the advance of some
and in a variety of petty skirmishes Danish and Dutch troops, he was for
with the advanced guard of the enemy, ced to retire to Carlstadt, on the Weser. gained some partial advantages. Chas. From thence he dispatched a trusty of
tellar's force having been much reduced, ficer in a small boat to Heligoland, to
and the difficulty of obtaining provi. communicaie his situation. Fortunately,
sions in such a barren country increa. the Aimable frigate, Lord George Stu. sing, he was obliged to quit the Tyrol, art, was net near the island. His Lord. and effected his retreat to Hungary ship, resolving to give him every assist with some loss.. Bonaparte, enraged at ance, collected some small craft, and the trouble and loss he had sustained by proceeding instantly to the Weser, got this interference in behalf of the Tyro. the Duke and his whole patriotic band lese, proclaimed Chastellar an outlaw, safely embarked. They proceeded first and declared it lawful for any person to to Heligoland for some provisions, and put him to death. He has, however, on the 10th of August they were all escaped the fangs of the tyrant, landed at the Isle of Wight. On the
After the battle of Aspern, on the 15th his Highness came to London, 22d of May, the French troops were where he had an affecting interview withdrawn to reinforce the main army ! with his royal sister, the Princess of
at Vienna, which left the Tyrolese time Wales. His corps have been since ta
to recover themselves, to collect armas şen into the pay of Great Britain, and
and provisions, and to concert iheir fu. have been sent to Guernsey, where they ture operations. This pause was of es. arrived on the 22d of November.
sential service to this oppressed people,
for they had soon a more arduous cos. TYROLESE.
test to engage in. After the artistice This braye, hardy, and simple peo. had been concluded betwixt the Ausple have made during the late campaign trians and the French in July, Bonaparte the most extraordinary exertions to op- took this opportunity to detach a con. pose the progress of the common tyrant siderable force, near 40,000 men, under of Europe, and to preserve their antient General Lefebvre, early in August, ia independence. When the Austrian ara order to complete effectually the submy had taken the field, and hostilities jugation of the poor Tyrolese. The latbecame evidently inevitable, the Ty.ro. ter had, in the mean time, mustered in Jese flew to arms, and sent a deputation pretty strong bodies, and headed by one to the Emperor Francis requesting the Andrew. Hofer, an innkeeper at — assistance of a regular Austrian force. a bold, enterprizing, intelligent, hardy The Marquis of Chastellar was dispatch. feliow, disposed themselves in different ed with 20,000 men, in April, to their 'quarters to oppose a desperate resistsupport. They were attacked on difi' ance to the attacks of the enemy.
They again seized all the passes, which the centre to the rear. The van, consiste they blocked up with huge masses of ing of 4000 Bavarians, had jurist stormed a rock, which they cut out and rolled deep ravine, when we again heard hallooed down from the mountains. The Saxon over our heads, Hans! for the most holy division, under General Deroi, consist. Trinity: Our terror was completed by the ing of 6000 men, were ordered first to reply that immediately followed - In the advance. They were not opposed at
name of the holy Trinity! Cut all loose re
bode! and, ere a minute had elapsed, were first ; till having got a considerable way thousands of my comrades in arms crushinto the country, they were assailed ed, buried, and overwhelmed, by an increfrom the mountains with large stones dible heap of broken rocks, stones, and and showers of bullers; which made trees, hurled down upon us. All of us were great havock among the enemy. A percified. Every one Aed that could; but strong body of 'Tyrolese having assem. a shower of balls from the Tyrolese, who bled in their rear, the Saxons found it now rushed from the surmunding moun. not only impossible to advance farther, tains, in immense numbers, and among but saw their retreat almost cut off them boys and girls of ten and twelve years This, however, they attempted, but on
of age, killed or wounded a great many of ly about 1500 of their whole body es.
It was not till we had got these fatal
mountains six leagues behind us, that we caped, leaving behind their cannon,
were reassembled by the Duke, and forme baggage and carriages, all of which were ed into six columns. Soon after the Ty. destroyed. The Bavarian corps suffer. rolese appeared, headed by Hofer, the inn. ed in the same proportion ;--and even keeper. After a short address from him, the main body of 24,000 French, under they gave a general fire, Aung their rifles Lefebvre, after some desperate efforts to aside, and rushed upon our baynnets, with bring the Tyrolese to a general action, only their clenched fists. Nothing could were compelled to retreat to Inspruck, withstand their impetuosity. They dart, having nearly expended their ammuni ed at our feet, threw or pulled us down, tion and provisions.
strangled us, wrenched the arms from our
hands; and, like enraged lions, killed allThe following particulars of Lefebvre's French, Bavarians, and Saxons, that did not expedition against the Tyrol, in August cry for quarter ! By doing so, !, with 300 last, were communicated by a Saxon Ma. men, was spared, and set at liberty. jor, who escaped from the destruction of
6.When all lay dead around, and the victhose terrible days :
tory was completed, the Tyrolese, as if “We had penetrated to Inspruck with and poured forth the emotions of their
moved by one inipulse, fell upon their knees, out great resistance ; and although much was every where talked of the Tyrolese hearts in prayer, under the canopy of Heastationed upon and round the Brenner, we
ven; a scene so awfully solemn, that it will gave little credit to it , thinking the rebels joined in the devotion, and never in my life
ever be present to my remembrance. I to have been dispersed by a short cannon ade, and already considering ourselves as
did I pray more fervently." conquerors. Our entrance into the
The Tyrolese have sent two deputies to
passes of the Brenner was only opposed by small London, to solicit some peennirry assistcorps, which continued falling back, after
ance, to enable them to subsist through an obstinate though short resistance. A.
the winter, their country having been too mong others, T perceived a man, full 80 tally exhausted of every thing necessary for years old, posted against the side of a rock, the support of man or beast. They have and sending death amongst our ranks with published the following affecting stateevery shot. Upon the Bayarians descending from behind to make him prisoner, he
SUBSTANCE OF THE STATEMENT OF THE shouted aloud, Hurrah! struck the first
DeputIES TO BRITAIN. man to the ground with a ball, siézed hold The country of Tyrol and the seven of the second, and, with the ejaculation, in principalities of Voralberg have, for a seGod's name! precipitated himself with him ries of centuries, constituted an hereditary into the abyss below.
portion of the imperial bouse of Austria, “ Marching onwards, we heard ręsound - The people inhabiting these countries disfrom the summit of a high rock, Stephen! tinguished themselves in every war by such shall I chop it off yet' to which a loud nay undaunted valour, that the Emperors sucreverberated from the opposite side. This cessively conferred upon them very consiwas told to the Duke of Dantzic, who, derable privileges. During the seventeenth notwithstanding, ordered us to advance; at and the last centuries, when the Swedes, the same time he prudently withdrew from French, and Bayarian's, made - "such rapid