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ardous experiment of the Supreme distress for want of provisions, by the Council, to criminate those who have activity of the Spaniards, who had scoubeen supposed the avowed advocates of red the whole country round, and had the rights of the mass of the community. compelled the enemy to confine them.
The following account of the causes selves within the city. In consequence which led to the late arrests at Seville great preparations had been made at has appeared, and from the circumstan- Toulon, for the relief of Barcelona; tial nature of it, it is supposed to be de- and it is said tbat 16 sail of the line, and rived from the noble person by whose 160 transports, with 25,000 troops on interposition the junta was preserved: board, as a reinforcement to the French When the Marquis Wellesley was at army in Spain, were equipped and reaSeville, information was communicated dy for sea at that port. Some accounts to him, that a plot had been formed to state, that this large force had actually seize the whole of the junta, in the mida sailed, but returned to pórt in a few dle of the night, while they were enga. hours. On the 21st of October, a part ged in council
, to put to death some, of it, consisting of three ships of the and to send off others to South Americ line, four frigates, and twenty large ca, to declare a regency, and to place at transports, left Toulon.- Lord Collingits head the old Cardinal Bourbon, the wood, having got early intelligence of Duke del Infantado, the Marquis de the enemy's preparations and destinaRomana, and two others; that the tion, had stationed his fleet so that it duke's regiment of guards, then at Se- could hardly escape. We have the ville, were to be the principal actors in pleasure consequently to announce, that the plot. The Marquis could not, of this squadron has been all taken or decourse, suffer such a design to be carried stroyed, with the exception of one fri. into execution, without giving notice to gate. The following dispatches from the junta, which he did immediately.- Lord Collingwood to the Secretary of The junta were in a dreadful state of a. the Admiralty were published in a Lonlarm, and threw themselves upon the don Gazette Extraordinary of the 29th protection of his Lordship, who promised of November. to go instantly to the Duke del Infanta
Ville de Paris, off St Sebastian, Oct. 30. do, but urged the imperious necessity
SIR, of their attending to the popular wish. es, convokiog the cortes, and making ber, their Lordships would be informed
By my letter of the 16th of Septemseveral reforms in the administration of affairs. This was promised, and the
of the intelligence I had received rela.
tive to the intended movements of the marquis had a conference with the French squadron, and of my reasons Duke del Infantado, who exerted his for changing my station to St Sebastian. influence so effectually with his regi. On the night of the 22d
inst. the Poment of guards, that the design was not carried into execution. The junta, re.
mone joined, and Capt. Barrie (who, lieved from the danger that had alarm.
with indefatigable perseverance had, ed them, contrived to
with the Alceste, watched the port of
remove the duke's regiment, and to introduce other Toulon) informed me, that the day betroops upon whom they could depend. fore, several of the enemy's squadron --They then shewed a reluctance to
had put to sea, that others were coming
out when he left them, and that there fulfil the promise they had made.- The greatest indignation was again excited
was every appearance of the whole fleet against them, and the Marquis of Roc being on the move from the harbour. mana is understood to have made a long them, and as this movement was made
They had a numerous convoy with speech to them, in which he upbraided with the first of an easterly wind, there them in the most cutting terms.-Fear. ful of the popular vengeance, the cortes
was little doubt of their being bound to
the westward. I immediately made were at length agreed to be convoked.
the necessary signals for the squadron NAVAL INTELLIGENCE.
to be prepared for their reception, and
placed the three frigates and sloop DESTRUCTION OF A French Convov. (Pomone, Hydra, Volontaire, and Min
It appears that the French garrison strel,) to windward, to give notice of in Barcelona had been reduced to great the enemy's approach.
On the following morning (the 23d,)
The other part of the French squa. soon after eight o'clock, the Volontaire dron are found to remain in Toulon, by made a signal for a fleet to the east the ships which have since examined ward. At ten the Pomone made the signal that the enemy bad hauled to the
I have the honour to be, &c. wind, and the convoy separating from the
COLLINGWOOD. ships of war, (which were now discovered to consist of three ships of the line on- II. Letter from Admiral Martin to Lord ly, two frigates, two smaller frigates or
Collingwood, dated Canopus, at sca, store ships, and a convoy of about 10
October 27 sail of vessels,) I ordered Rear. Admiral Martin to chase them, with eight of the My Lord-In obedience to the sig. best samling ships, which, standing on mal for the Canopus to chase E. N. E. contrary tack, might take advantage I stood that way the whole of the night of the changing of the wind, which was of the 23d, and the following day, in then variable,
coinpány with the Renown, Tigre, Sul. At two P. M. the Pomone having tan, Leviathan, and Cumberland. In got far to windward, was directed by the evening four sail were seen, to which signal to destroy such of the convoy as we immediately gave chase, and pursucould be come up with ; and in the ed them till after dark; when from evening she burnt iwo brigs, two bom- shoal water, and the wind being direct bards, and a ketch. The enemy, before on the shore, near the entrance of the dark, was out of sight, and the ships Rhone, it became necessary to keep to chasing not much advanced, were the wind during the night. The follow. standing to the northward, while the ing morning, the 25th, the same ships squadron with me stretched to the were again seen, and chased between southward. The next morning neither Cette and Frontignan, where they ran the French nor our own chasing ships on shore : two of them (an so gun ship, were in sight.
bearing a Rear-admiral's flag, and a 74.) This morning Rear Admiral Martin at the latter place, and one ship of the joined with his division, having again line and a frigate at the former. From fallen in with the enemy on the 24th, the shoal water and intricacy of the pa. off the ntrance of the Rhone, and on vigation, it was impossible to get close the 25th they chased them on shore ; enough to the enemy's two line of batthe Robuste, of 84 guns, bearing the the ships near Frontignan, to attack them Aag of Rear-Admiral Baudin, and the when on shore ; for, in attempting to Leon, of 74, off Frontignan, were the do so, one of his Majesty's ships was usday following set fire to by the enemy. der five fathoms water, and another in The Boree, of 74 guns, and a frigate, less than six. On the 26th, I sent the ran on shore at the entrance of the port boats to sound, meaning, if possible, to of Cette, where there is little probabili. buoy the channel (if any had been found) ty of either of them being saved. by which the enemy's ships could be at
I cannot suficiently express the high tacked; but at night we had the satissatisfaction I have felt at the intrepid faction to see them sei on fire. perseverance of Rear-Admiral Martin, From the circumstances under which and of the Captains of the ships who the ship and frigate ran od shore at the were with him in the pursuit.
entrance of the port of Cerre, I have lit. I enclose Rear-Admiral Martin's let. tle doubt the former will be lost; and ter; and beg to congratulate their Lord- the frigate must certainly have received ships on three great ships of the enemy, considerable damage ; but they cannot being thus destroyed, without the smal- be got at on account of the batteries. lest resistance on their part, or a shot Your Lordship' must be well aware being fired by the British ships, except that nothing but the great press of sail a few by the Tigre at the Boree, when carried by his Majesty's ships, and the she was pushing ashore at Cette; of good look-out kept, could bave enabled their two frigates, the Pomode and Pau. them to close with those of the enemy, line, one hauled her wind some time in from the distance they were at the time the night, and fetched into Marseilles they commenced the chase. I bave the Road.
honour to be, &c.
III. Letter from Admiral Lord Colling- that which was expected; and besides
wood, to the Hon. W. W. Pole, da. the opposition made by the vessels, the ted Ville de Paris, off Rosas, Novem guns from the castle, the forts in the
bay, the gun.boats and musketry from Sir-When the enemy's convoy was the beach kept a constant fire on them. chased, on the 23d ult. their transports On the opening of day, every ship or separated from the ships of war, and, . vessel was either burnt or brought off, under the protection of an armed store aided by the light winds, which then ship, two bombards, and a zebec, made came from the land; and the whole of for the Bay of Rosas. When the ships the convoy that came from Toulon, for of war were disposed of, as related in the supply of the French army in Spain, my letter of yesterday, the convoy be. has been destroyed, with the exception came the object of my attention, and, of the frigate, which escaped to Maron the 26th, the Apollo was sent off seilles, and one store-ship, not since Rosas, to examine what vessels were heard of. there, and how far they were in a situa I cannot conclude this narrative with. tion assailable.
out an expression of the sentiment which The next day I appointed the ships the execution of this bold enterprise Canopus, Renown, Tigre, Sultan, Le has inspired me with, and the respect viathan, and Cumberland, for this ser and admiration I feel for those who pero vice, under the orders of Captain Hallo- formed it. well, to bring them out, if the wind was In the first place, success greatly defavourable, or otherwise to destroy pended upon the previous arrangement, them. The state of the wind and sea which was made by Captain Hallowell, would not permit this operation until with a judgment and foresight which last night, when, after dark, the ships distinguishes that officer in every sera ·bore up for the bay, and anchored about vice he is employed on: the division of five miles from the castle of Rosas, un. the boats, the preparations of fire mateder the protection of which castle, of rials, and providing them with every Trinity fort, and of several other new- implement that contingency could rely erected batteries, the convoy, consist-• quire, established confidence through. ing of eleven vessels, five of them arm. out the whole, and in this he was ably ed, as per accompanying list, were assisted by the experience and zeal of moored.
Captains Wodehouse, Bullen, Taylor, The boats being arranged in separate and Hope. The brigs were under sail, divisions, the whole were put under the as near the vessels attacked as the light orders of Lieutenant Tailour, first lieve winds would allow, and Captain Hallotenant of the Tigre, and proceeded to well speaks in high terms of praise of the attack of the enemy, who, altho' he the conduci oftheir commanders, Crawcould have had no previous intimation ley, Raitt, and Wilson. The first lieuof such an enterprise against him, was tenant, Tailour, led to the assault in a found vigilant, and completely upon his most gallant manner, and was followed guard. The ship, which was a smaller by the other officers, as if each was am sort of frigate, was inclosed in boarding bitious of his place, and desired to be nettings, and a gun-boat advanced a first; the whole narty bravely maintainhead of her for the look out; on being ed the character which British seamen bailed, and the alarm gun fired, our have established for themselves. boats stretched out; the crews, at the I am sorry I have to add, that the highest pitch of animation, filling the loss has been considerable, of which I air with their cheers'; cach division took inclose'a list. Lieutenant Tait, of the the part previously allotted to it; the Volontaire, an excellent and brave young armed ship was boarded at all points, officer, and Mr Caldwell, master's mare and carried in a few minutes, not with of the Tigre, a youth of great promise, standing a spirited and sturdy resistance were the only officers slain. swhich the enemy made; all their arm. Many officers in the feet were desi. ed vessels were well defended ; but the rous of being volunteers in this service. British seamen and marines, determined I could not resist the earnest request of to subdue them, were not to be repel. lieutenants Lord Viscount Balgonie, led, even by a force found to be double the Hor. J. A. Maude, and the Hon.
W. Waldegrave, of the Ville de Paris, sistance appears to have been made. to have the command of boats, in which This enterprise was entrusted to Capt. they displayed that spirit which is in. Brenton, who had great difficulties to herent in them.
encounter in his approach to the castle List of Killed and Wounded.
of Capsal, which defended itself with
great resolution for several hours. In Tigre.- Killed, James Caldwell, mas the course of the above expeditions, a ter's mate, and three seamen.-Wounded, number of vessels of various descriptions, Lieut. John Tailour, and 9 seamen and' together with large quantities of ord. marines.
nance, ammunition, and military stores, Cumberland... Killed, 2 seamen, Woun. have fallen into our hands. ded, Lieut. John Stuart, John Webster,
The following are the official acmaster's mate, and 13 seamen and marives.
Volontaire. Killed, Lieutenant Dal. Copy of a letter from Lord Collingwood housie Tait, and one seaman.-Wounded,
to the Hon. W. W. Pole, dated Ville * 13 seamen and marines, and the Hon. J.
de Paris, off St Sebastian, the 30th of A. Maude, Lieutenant, and John Arm
October. stead, midshipman, volunteers from the.
SIR, Ville de Paris, both slightly.
My letter of the 4th August informed Apollo. - Killed, 3 seamen and ma. their lordships of proposal I had rines.--Wounded, Lieut. J. Begbie, Lieut. made to Sir J. Stuart, that the islands J. Forster, severely, and three seamen of Zante, Cephalonia, &c. should be and marines.
seized on, before the French could turn Topaze.-Killed, 4 seamen.-Wounded, their regard from the defence of Naples, 8 seamen and marines.
to strengihen other points, and in which Tuscan.--Wounded, Lieut.Pascoe Duun, letter, I enclosed you a copy of the and one seaman.
instructions I had sent to Admiral Mar. Philomel and Scout.- None killed or tin, to be delivered to Captain Sprangwounded.
er, of the Warrior, whom I had selectTotal 15 killed, 55 wounded. ed to the command of the naval part of
the expedition. The change wbich at List of Ships taken and destroyed in the that time had taken place in the state Bay of Rosas.
of the armies in the north required the Burnt. L’Emproye ship of war, General's consideration, whether an a. (armed as a storeship) 600 tons, 22 guns, dequate force might be spared from the -Victoire, 14 guns, 80 men.
army, and delayed their departure from --L'Assacien, 25 muskeis, 20 men.
Sicily, until the 230 September, when Union, 120 tons, laden with biscuit.-- the Warrior sailed from Messina, with Le Bien Aime, : 50 tons.-Notre Dame the Philomel sloop and transports, carde Rosaire, 150 tons.--Notre Dame de rying about 1600 troops, uoder the Grace, go tons. The three last had command of General Oswald. The landed their cargoes.
Spartan at the same time sailed for MalTaken.-Bumbard le Grondire, 8 guns, ta, with Mr Foresti and Count Cladan, 45 men, laden with biscuit.--Le Nors a Cephalonian gentleman, who had for mande, 10 guns, 48 men.--Le Drayon, some time taken refuge at Malta, and 200 tons,laden with biscuit.--L'Indien, whose local knowledge and influence ia 200 tons, laden with corn and flour. the country I hoped would be advanta
geous to the service. Orders were also sent to Captain Eyre, of the Magnifi. cent, to join them with the Corfu squa.
dron. TO THE BRITISH FORCES.
I have great satisfaction in informing The London Gazette of Tuesday you of the success of this expedition, Dec. 5. has furnished us with the parti- and that the French garrisons in Zante, culars of the operations for the reduc. Cephalonia, Ithaca, and Cerigo, after a rion of the Ionian islands of Zante, Ce faint resistance, surrendered to his Ma. phalonia, Ithaca, and Cerigo, at the jesty's arms, the people liberated from Sast of whicb only any considerable re the oppression of the Frencb, and the
SURRENDER OF THE IONIAN ISLANDS
governinent of the Sept-Insular repub- views, and finding, as was expected, lic declared to be restored.
shat they rejoiced in the expulsion of As no preparation for so unexpected those common disturbers of mankind, a change could have been made by the I forebære attacking with the ships a inhabitants, it has been found conve. strong battery on the Mole Head, nient by the principal people who are which could not be taken, without desnow to assume the government, that the troying a great part of the town , and British flag, with that of the republic, have the satisfaction of adding, that in shall be continued to fly, until the se the course of the day, the enemy, tho' veral departments are filled, and regu- advantagevusiy situated in a most imlarity is established.
portant and commanding position, At Cerigo the greatest resistance was thought proper to capitulate. made, but Captain Brenton's skill and
[Here follows a copy of the proclaresources are such as would surmount
mation addressed to the inhabitants of much greater difficulties than they could present.
Cephalonia, calling upon them to come
forward, and share in the labour of exLetter, Capt. Spranger.
pelling the common enemy, holding out Warrior, Bay of Zante, October 3. and promising that no retrospect will
the advantages of British protection, SIR,
be made for past conduct.] I have the honour to acquainc you, for the information of the commander. N. B. The enemy's troops in Cephain-chief, that, in pursuance of his lonia surrendered on the same terms Lordship's orders, I sailed from Mes the 5th of October. sina on the 23d ult. in company with [Here follow the articles of capitu. the sloop Philomel, two large gun-boats, lation, and the return of guns mounted and the transports, with troops under
on the different batteries of the Tower the command of Brigadier-general Os of Zante.] wald, and proceeded to Cephalonia, where we arrived on the 28th, and con
Warrior, Cephalonia, October s. tinued in sight of the island until the
SIR, Ist of October, during which days we No time was lost, after the surrender were joined, as had been previously ar of Zante, in establishing a provisional ranged, by the Spartan from Malta, government, re.embarking the troops, and the Magnificent, Belle Poule, and and proceeding on the 4th instant Kingsfisher, from Corfu, and anchored with the squadron, augniented by the that night in the 'bay of Zante, just arrival of the Leonidas, lo Cephalonia, without reach of the nearest battery. the port of which was entered, with
At day-light on the following mor the men of war formed in two colunias, ning, the troops assembled alongside and the transports in the rear, and tathe Warrior, and, under cover of the ken possession of without any opposiSpartan, Belle Poule, and gunhoats, tion on the part of the enemy, which who soon silenced the batteries, landed indeed, from the formidable force I had a division of the army in the most per the honour to command, was perfectly fect order, about three miles from the useless. town, and whilst General Oswald was After having landed the advance the advancing, Captains Brenton and Bris same evening, the General summoned bane, and the gun-boats conducted by the Fort St George, situated on a steep Mr Cole, my first lieutenant, were ac hill two leagues from the town, which tively employed in keeping the enemy, immediately surrendered, on the same who had re-manned their batteries, in terms as those granted to the garrison check, and covering the second disem- of Zante, and both islands were fortubarkation, when the whole army moved nately occupied by his Majesty's forces, forward, and closely invested the castle, without any loss whatever, and the to which the French had retired from Sept-Insular dag, together with the every direction.
British, to the great joy of the inhabiA proclamation herewith annexed, tants, displayed at each. was, in the mean time, distributed to At Zante we took one small French the inhabitants, explanatory of our privatcer, and four others of a peculiar