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LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 15, 1863.
need not say are as bad as bad can be ; and I will
venture to assert, with the utmost confidence, CONTENTS.-No. 85.
that the original word was feature the only word NOTES:-“ The Merchant of Venice." 121The Bruno
perhaps in the language that will suit the metre niad: Rev. Thomas Foster, B.A.: Mary, Countess of Pomfret, 122- Early Surnames, Ib. -- Verulam: South Myms, and the context. Feature (Old Fr. faiture), form, 123 - Letters of Charles Catton, 124- Somersetshire Wills, shape, person, was a word in frequent use with 16.
our old writers. Thus Ben Jonson, with wbom it MINOR NOTES:- Water-shed - The Court of Session Multiplication Table – Vicars of St. Mary-Church, Devon
was a favourite, renders the mulier formosa of - Summer of 1724- To " terrify" — The Maypole in the Horace (A. P. verse 4), “a fair female feature ;" Strand – “The Book of Days:" Bunyan's Meeting House, and Milton (Par. Lost, x. 279) terms Death “ the
125. QUERIES:-Sir Ingram Honton. 127 -- Lord Barkwood
grim Feature.” The Venerable Bede-Congius Romanus – Arms, wanted
As I have spoken of printers' errors and their Family for- Epigram by D’Israeli - Fox, the Tinker - causes, I will here add, that one of these was the Hartshorne-Heraldic --Theodore Hook's Lines on Moore -Huish --Jones --Legacy Duty - Doctor Mac Hale on
substitution of synonymes; and that, therefore, Parliamentary Elections - Pomeroy Family - Prebend
in Rectory of Lambister Quotations - Epigram on Lord
“Gilded timber do worms enfold.”-ii. 7, John Russell — Roman Uses -- Somerville - Prince Schwartzenburg's Epigram on Bayonets - Richard Smith we should probably read woods with Rowe, and -Tydides - Queen Victoria - Warden of the Cinque Ports, 127.
not tombs with Johnson. QUERIES WITH ANSWERS :- Origen and Britain — Venner
“ I pray you think you question with the Jew. of Bosenden - The Pale — "Robin Adair” - Tomb of Ugo You may as well go stand upon the beach, Foscolo — W. Wilberforce-S. Germanus, 130.
And bid the main flood bate his usual height,” &c. REPLIES: - Archbishop Leighton's Library, 131 - St.
Act IV. Sc. 1. Patrick, and Venomous Creatures in Ireland, 132 - Law of
Surely this is mere nonsense, and yet I do not Lauriston, Ib. - Black Hole at Calcutta, &c. -Thomas, Duke of Norfolk --Madame de Genlis --Letters on Litera
| recollect any attempt at correcting it. A line ture -- Platform -“He who fights and runs away" - Bath may, no doubt, have been lost; but here again I Hospital - Tanjibs -- Playing “Germands"-"Oscotian Literary Gazette" - Charron "On Wisdom" - Theodo
read with confidence litus - Strange Derivations: Treacle, Pontifex – Regi “ I pray you stint your question with the Jew." ments in America - America - Waldo Family, &c., 133.
Everywhere in Shakspeare stint is used in the
sense oť cease, leave off, give over : Notes.
“ It stinted, and said Ay."
Romeo and Juliet, Act I. Sc. 3. « THE MERCHANT OF VENICE.”
6. . From which lingering penance This delightful play is such a universal fa Of such misery doth she cut me off.” vourite, and is on the whole preserved in so cor
Act IV. Sc. 1. . rect a state, that I think it a kind of duty to try A syllable is evidently lost in the last line. to remove the few remaining blemishes; and which, Some, therefore, read “a misery." I read “deep with a single exception, have, as far as I know, misery," We have,"such deep sin,” Rich. I). remained untouched by critics and commentators. Act I. Sc. 1; “deep grief," Hamlet, Act IV.Sc.5.; In Act II. Sc. 1, Morocco says :
and similar expressions elsewhere. “Come, bring me unto my chance."
“. . . . . Be it so much
As makes it light or heavy, in the substance To which Portia replies :
Ur the division of the twentieth part “ First, forward to the temple; after dinner
Of one poor scruple.”—Act IV. Sc. 1.
Here we get both force and correctness by “To the temple !! What to do there? Neither reading Of for " Or." in the third line. Aragon por Bassanio, who were Christians, were
With these few corrections added to those taken to a temple or church, and why should the | already made, the text of the Merchant of Venice Moslem Morocco ? Surely the poet wrote table.
may be regarded as almost perfect. I will take So obvious is this correction, that on my stating
the liberty of aduing here a couple of corrections to my sister the objections to temple, she instantly in the other plays, where editors have emended cried, “Sure, it ought to be table;" and two other badly, or not at all : trials gave the same result. It really reminds one
"That monster, Custom, who all sense doth eat of Columbus's egg. .
Of habits, devil, is angel yet in this.” “ Thus ornament is but the guiled shore
Hamlet, Act III. Sc. 4. To a most dangerous sea, the beauteous scarf
No one ever has made, or can make sense of Veiling an Indian beauty."-Act III. Se. 2.
this. I think the poet wrote create, and that cr Here the critics have seen that beauty had been, was blotted or rubbed out. in the usual manner, suggested to the printer by
6 Who cannot want the thought how monsterous the preceding beauteous. Hanmer, therefore, pro
It was for Malcolm and for Donalbain posed dowdy, and Sidney Walker gipsy. Both Il To kill their gracious father?”
Surely it should be “Who can;" but then the Rutland, 95 ; Gent. Mag. Ixv. (2) 860; Annual metre would suffer. Read then, We for “Who," | Reg., 1793, p. 63). and put a period for (?), and what excellent sense Perhaps the occasion of the bells being rung emerges; and how the irony is increased! I was the attainment of the lady's majority, which
In conclusion, I shall feel very thankful to any we presume was in 1790. possessor of the publications of the Shakspeare Mary, widow of George, third Earl Pomfret, Society who will be so kind as to lend me some died Sept. 17, 1839, aged seventy; but in the half-dozen of them for a short time: namely, Gentleman's Magazine (N.S. xii. 436), she is misMerry Wives of Windsor, Taming of a Shrew, | described as Amabel Elizabeth, daughter of Sir First Part of the Contention, True Tragedy of | Richard Borough, Bart., and widow of Thomas Richard Duke of York, True Tragedy of Richard William, fourth Earl Pomfrét. This error was III,
Taos, KEIGHTLEY. I to some extent corrected in the next number Belvidere, Erith, Kent.
(ibid. 442); but it is observable that her real Christian name is not there given, and in the
Annual Register for 1839 (p. 364) the original THE BRUNONIAD: REV, THOMAS FOSTER, B.A.: error of the Gentleman's Magazine is repeated. MARY, COUNTESS OF POMFRET.
C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER.
Cambridge. We estimate higbly the contributions to your columns respecting anonymous works. In your 1st S. ix. 573, is one signed ANAT, on the author
EARLY SURNAMES. ship of the Brunoniad. This unfortunately has
Mr. Lower's Patronymica Britannica is very not been Indexed, in consequence perhaps of its
far from being a perfect work; but in stating occurring incidentally in a communication on an
this fact it must be borne in mind that it would other subject.
be alınost impossible for any single individual to The following brief particulars respecting the
compile a complete list of surnames. Any candid Rev. Thomas Foster, the author, may be deemed
labourer in the field of family nomenclature will worthy of record.
admit the truth of my assertion, and therefore He was son of Thomas Foster, LL.B., Vicar
while honour is due to the gentleman we have just of Ryball and Rector of Tinwell, in Rutland,
mentioned for the ability he has evinced in treating and his wife Sarah, daughter of the Rev. John
his subject, and for his having been the first who Baskett, and was baptised at Ryhall, April 1, 1770. On March 4, 1788, he was admitted a pen
threw any light on such studies, which was worthy
of remark, we cannot but repeat that we are very sioner of St. John's College, Cambridge; pro
far from perfection after all. The question then ceeding B.A., 1792. In Jan. 7, 1797, he was
arises, how is the deficiency to be remedied? The instituted to the rectory of Tinwell on the pre
answer is, by the contributions of those who have sentation of Henry, Earl of Exeter. He married
memoranda in their possession respecting surnames Susan, daughter of William Waters of Stanford,
hitherto unbeeded, or but scantily noticed, to the surgeon; and died without issue in London,
pages of “ N. & Q." There are not a few pero Feb. 8, 1798.
sons who hold valuable data on the subject, and I Anat. states that, at the time of the marriage
would appeal to them to forward what they can of Mary Browne of Tolthorpe, with George, third
towards increasing knowledge respecting this inEarl Pomfret, “her servants (as was believed by
Y teresting division of archæology. order from their mistress) persevered in chiming
ing! I enclose a list of rare and curious appellations the only two bells of the parish church, to the
el which I have met with in the course of the past
.. bayard and annoyance of the vicar's wife, just fortnight I believe most of them have not been confined of her first child in a room hardly a
alluded to in any previous paper of this kind. stone's throw from it. His pupils were so indig.
Should you think my communication merits innant, that they drove away the offenders and took
sertion in your columns, I shall be happy to rethe clappers out of the bells :” and Mr. Foster
turn to my theme on a future occasion. made the circumstances the subject of the Bru
Blackinthemouth,—A William Blackinthemouth noniad.
appears in a Roll of Amercements for London, ANAT. gives 1790 as the date of the Brunoniad,
1321. (Record Office : Miscellaneous parcel of which Watt thus describes :
Fines, No. 374.) I leave the reader to speculate “ BRUNONIAD, 1790. The B. a Poem in six Cantos.
| on the origin of this pretty title. In the north of Lond.: Kearsley. 4to. 3s. 6d.”
Ireland they speak of “ black-mouthed Presby. Now the marriage of George, third Earl Pom-terians." Query, if the word in Master Willian's fret, with Mary, surviving daughter and heiress case referred, figuratively, to some disagreeable of Thomas Trollope Browne, Esq., of Tolthorpe, / trait of character, such as obtained for the children did not take place till August 29, 1793 (Blore's of the kirk their pleasing sobriquet ? or bad the
poor fellow negroid lips? or did a sweep bit his
VERULAM: SOUTH MYMS. labial members ?
The same document furnishes us with a more I was lately in the neighbourhood of St. Alban's, unenviable distinction for a man to take about and seized the opportunity of making a pilgrimwith him, however - William Felon. Can any age to the shrine of the great proto-martyr of charitable person suggest a more pleasant meaning England. A little way out of the town I disof the word than "convict"? Perhaps not; and if covered an ancient church dedicated to St. so, Mr. Bugg-beg pardon --Mr. Howard, should Michael, and one probably overlooked by most console himself. After all, Bugg is as old at least visitors from its nearness to the glorious abbey. as the reign of Henry III., and probably never It is, however, worthy of being better known on originally meant what fastidious people call now account of a very handsome monument to Lord d-days a B flat.
Bacon in the chancel, bearing an elegant Latin inShall we dare to suggest that a distinguished scription, which I regret being unable to recollect. Royal Academician's ancestor, several hundred There is also shown a most quaint and curious picyears ago, was not quite so truthful as he might ture of the resurrection, which till lately helped to have been ? What does the peruser say to John separate church and chancel in the hideous fashion Makelyse, who figures in a Miscellaneous Assize common under the sway of the earlier Georges. Roll in Wilts, circ. 1320. Perhaps poor John or But, amongst many things deserving notice, the John's progenitors told fibs; perhaps we err. | most interesting is a very old map of Verulam, But pray what becomes of the lyse if they are not much discoloured and spoilt by reason of age, but “stories" in that case ?
still distinct enough. Can any of your readers Henry Foxhangre was, I fear, a descendant of a inform me whether this has ever been copied and vulpicide. He is to be met with in a Gaol De. | published ? Surely such an interesting relic as a livery Roll of 37 Edward III., county Wilts. map of the former capital of England should not
The name of Antioche existed in Dorsetshire be left to moulder away unknown. 36 Ed. III., if not previously. This is an in About six miles from this is the parish church of teresting memento of some crusading house. (G. South Myms, the registers of which are well worthy D. Rolls, 36 Ed. III.)
of inspection. They are kept in a small folio volume, · Stephen de Pendlesworth. -- I find in a Gaol commencing in the year 1558, and written in a Delivery Roll, 10 to 22 Ed. III., Pendlesworth
very clear hand. Soon after the martyrdom of was a village in Wiltshire, existing certainly till King Charles, the justice of the peace appears, ac1400 (Subsidy Rolls), but all trace of its localiza- cording to the irreligious law of Cromwell, pretion is lost since then.
siding at marriages; and the act for “ burying in Blakebird is in a Misc. Assize Roll, 7 Ed. I. | woollen " seems to have been duly complied with Richard Cokrobyn was of Wilts, 9 Ed. III. Vide | about the year 1685. In the beginning of the M.A. Roll of that date.
eighteenth century, however, when ecclesiastical Stranger than all these is the Devil! By a affairs were so much neglected, the writing beGaol Delivery Roll. 11 Ed. II., know all men comes & mere scribble, and the entries themselves that unfortunate William le Devel was killed near very careless. Take, for instance Mells in Somerset.
“Janry 27, 1738. A child buried. Among others I have lately come across I may Dec. 8, 1731. A man from the workhouse buried. enumerate the following; they are, with very few April 1, 1723. A stranger buried.” . exceptions, of the reign of Ed. II. and Ed. III. I
I was rather puzzled by two entries of about hope to treat of them at greater length here
the same period, which the vicar, who kindly gave after :
me the range of the books, pointed out to me. Lychepole, Whytehod, Swetchild, Portebrief,
They are —
“Nov. 18, 1706. A nurse child from Dame Etheringchard, Thomasesheyward, The Rokele, Bole
ton's. The Queen's duty was paid, which was four shil
Aug. 12, 1734. A purge child buried.”
Perhaps some of your readers learned in such mongere, Shakelcross, Personfischer, Falldew,
matters may be able to explain them. In conGoseflech, Spilewyn, Buryman, Handsex, Mais
cluding this notice of Myms, briefer than it deterrichardscervaunt, Foukesbaillif, Goldlock,
serves, I would ask-unde nomen? It has, I Nicholeservant, Courtpreest, Wetebody, Garlek
believe, puzzled many philologists.
LETTERS OF CHARLES CATTON.*
spare time, when I write again, I'll make amends for the
shortness of this epistle. In the mean time, I remain, I send a copy of another of Catton's letters.
" Yr affectionate, Hogarth's adventure at Calais on a similar occa
“ C. CATTON, sion (the origin of the picture of “The Roasthi
“ Little Charles was very well when I heard last from Beef of Old England"), is related in Nichols's
| him. Goes on very well.”
SOMERSETSHIRE WILLS. “Dear Aunt,
I now give'four more examples of testamentary “ You were much mistaken when you thought I had dispositions of the Reformation period. been to the West Indies. I only went to France - for 1
is a copy of the will of John Horsey, one of an hate people that have not seen France.
« Pray Monsieur, how long did you stay? I staid all | old Somersetshire family of that name: day. I am now so perfectly acquainted with the world,
• T. Johannus Horsey de Somerton.
very bad Sunday morñg from Dover: a most violent | Churche of Compton, viija. Also I bequethe to Richard
nutt down in the nola with the passengers, who | to be my ov'seers.”
The second example is a copy of the will of my being in the vessell it might gett safe to land, and he | Cristine Whityng, in all probability a near rela.. and his men come to be hanged. In my return not sick | tive of Richard Whitynge, the last Abbot of at all. I made two very accurate drawings at Calais at | Glastonbury. The Whitynges were chiefly setthe risque of my liberty. Hogarth drew the Gate we
tled at Shepton Mallet, but some of the name enter from England. I took La Porte Royal, thro' wh we go to Paris, &c.; likewise the ramparts, with the
resided at Burnham; and others in the neighgreat Crucifix. Our English nobles and gents are much bouring parish of Worle:-surprised at them. L March, with a ffrench Marquis,
“ Test. Cristine Whitynge de Burneham. questioning me about them, I told them I trusted to my
“ In dei no’ie Amen. The year of our Lord 1541. , .; memory, hav'g carefully considered them upon the spot: 1
Cristian Whitynge, hole of mynd and memory, mak for indeed, the Officer on Guard wou'd hazard his com
my Testament and last will, yn forme and man followyng. inission if it cou'd be proved that he had seen me. lle
Fyrst I bequeth my sowle to Allmyghty God, and my did indeed examine me at five o'clock o'the morng; but
body to be, buryd yn the Churchyeard of Burneham: I sett a bold English face on the matter, and eluded him.
Item, to Saynt Andrews of Welles, ijd. Item to Sayn! There is much drollery in ye tale, but 'tis too long for
Andrew of Burneham, iiijd. Item to the hye Auter, 111)". this paper.
Item to the hye Crosse hälfe a bowsshell of wheat. Item “ I continue to lead a solitary life.f The Lassy you
to oure Ladi S'vys my best gowne. To Saynt Nicholas mention may be very good-is not striking. I have no
Aut'r S'vyse a bowsshell of hemp. The resydew of my information what her fortune will be-wch surely it does
goodis I geve and bequethe to my Childer Richard and not misbecome me to say is a material consideration.
Agnes, whom I make my executors. Thes beyng wamy Indeed, as custom is second nature, I am not now
S'r John Slode, John Harte, w't many others. I make much inclin'd to change my mode of living. If I can
my overseers Jolin Golle, Robert Davy, and Rich. More.
“Probatum fuit p. Testament. cor. Magr. Johë D * Continued from 3rd S. iii. 211,
in eccl'ia p'och. de Est Brent yto die mensis Decembris His wife died in the summer of 1762.
Anno D'm, 1541."
The third example is a copy of the will of cidation, when we shed tears from two eyes, the Richard Sheriffe, of Castle Carey. The respected prominent nose may be considered as the shed vicar of that parish, the Rev. R. J. Meade | between both streams. (a great archæologist and antiquary), will be
WILLIAM BELL, Phil. Dr. amused should his eye fall on the curious and ex
THE COURT OF SESSION. - For a considerable traordinary gifts to his parish church :
period after the union of England and Scotland, “ Te'tu, Ric, Sheriff a'ls Osteler de Castelcarey.
the Court of Session (the Supreme Civil Court of " In dei nomine, Amen. The year of our Lord 1541, xxii day of September. I Ric. Sheryff make my Testa
the latter country) appears to have assumed ment and last wyll yn forme and man'r followyng. Fyrst, powers of very questionable authority. Among I bequethe my sowle to Almighty God, my body to be these was the singular and hardly credible one of buryd yn the Churchyeard of Castelcarey. It'm, I be
regulating the sale of beef and mutton by weight quethe to the church of Castellcarey a bowshell of wheat. | It'm to the brotherrede of Castellcarey a bowshell of
in the Edinburgh market; on which subject I wheat. Item to my gostlye father xxu. It’m to my
extract the following dignified provision from an dowghter Crystyan, of Wells, a bowshell of wheat and a | Act of the Court of date December 7th, 1734: -bowshell of drege. The resydew of my goods not gevyn' “ That there be no sale made of mutton or of beef but no' bequethed, I geve and bequeth to my dowghter Alis, by Trois weight, heads, knaps, tongues and marrow bones whom I make my executrix to se my detts payde, &c. / cut out by themselves excepted." These beyng witnis, – John Kyck, Stephen Hellyar, Will’m Roke, and Robert Gypson, w't others.
This enactment seems to have been found “ Probatum, fuit p Testamentu. cora. Magro Joh'e grinding or inoperative, for their lordships, by a Dawis, in ecclia Cath. Wellen, iij die Mensis Octo- | subsequent Act (January 24th, 1736) kindly exbris anno D’ni, 1541.”
empted from its operation " the following pieces The fourth example is a copy of the will of of flesh, viz., knap-layers, mid-layers, shoulderJohn Blewett of the old borough of Axbridge. layers, and craigs or necks." What I have re“T. Johannis Blewett de Axbruge.
ferred to will be found in the printed Acts of “ In dei No'ie Amen. The yeare of o'r lorde God Sederunt of the Court published in 1790; but as MCCCCCXL (1541) and the xiiij day of the monethe of that publication is little known out of the legal March
I John Blewett, of hole mynd and good re- profession in Scotland, and as the matter is curimembrans, mayk my last wyll in this maner and forme followyng. First, I bequethe my sowle to almighty God,
ous (ludicrous is probably a more suitable phrase), to oure blessed ladie, and to all the holie companye of
it has occurred to me that it merits preservation heavyn, my bodie to be buryed in the churchyard of in your widely circulated journal. Saynt John in Axbruge. Also I bequethe to the mother chürche of Wells id. Also I bequethe to the hie auter in MULTIPLICATION TABLE. --It is well known that Axbruge jd; also I gere to the Trinytie lyght, to the after a Table of Logarithms, no talle is so useful Roode lyght, and to Seynt Crispyn and Crispinyanes to mathematicians as a large multiplication table. lyght, to ev'y one of these lyghts, a peny a pece. All The following must be very rare, as it is not the residew of my goods not bequethed, I geve and bequethe yt to Alys my wyffe, and to Maude my dowghter,
entered in the revised article " Tables" in the whome I mayke my full executors. Wyttnesse hereof
English Cyclopædia,-" [Ipaktinh .... en Benetia S'r Richarde Browne, curatt, Richard Blewett, Morrys (Venice), 1813, 16mo." This is a table extending Browne, Thomas Ball, w't other moo.'
to 100 times 100. The title is copied from the INA.
Hon. Fred. North's copy now in the Musenm, press Wells, Somerset.
mark 870 a. 24.
VICARS OF ST. MARY-CHURCH, Devon. -Minor Nates.
The following list of Vicars of St. Mary-Church,
drawn up with great care and accuracy from the WATER-SHED.- A very unnecessary objection Records of the Dean and Chapter of Exeter by has been used for this comprehensive curt desig- Colonel Harding of Exeter, and the Rev. R. H. nation of the passing of waters down the two op- Barnes, the present Vicar of S. Mary-Church,.was posite sides of an eminence. At Donauschingen, a published in the Torquay Directory of July 22. I house is usually pointed out, from whose eaves think it is worthy of being embalmed in your the rain on one side descends to the Danube, on pages, as such lists are always useful for genealothe other to the Rein. The objection seems to be gical and other purposes. that we take the word from the German scheiden, “ The following list of the Vicars of St. Mary-Church to divide ; but both Fatherland and ourselves is taken from the Bishop's Registers :have it from a much older language. The Anglo Robert Maloylsch, instituted 10th August, 1313. Saxon has numerous derivatives from sceadan, to Robert de Lustleigh, 7th June, 1347. 'separate or divide; as scedan, to shed; scede John de Brassyngten, 10th April, 1349.
Robert de Exelrigge, 26th August, 1349. land, divided land. Beside the German scheiden
Peter Duke. is a neuter verb, our to shed is an active one, as
John Otery, 7th March, 1397. to shed tears; and, though rather a far-fetched elu. John Carvargh or Curburgh.