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Nicolas, in bis Life of Sir Christopher Hatton, p. 36, Its height at the inside is about twenty feet, and its wisely remarks: “There are so many versions of this flag-stone roof, now falling in, is supported on ten cirpithy letter, that its authenticity becomes doubtful.”] cular stone arches; which style of architecture carries “THE WHOLE DUTY OF MAN." - Who was the

the building of it to an era earlier than the Gothic

period."] anthor of the Whole Duty of Man, laid down in a Familiar Way for the Use of All, but especially for

NORFOLK AND SUFFOLK. - What are the best the Meanest Reader. The work is sometimes at- genealogical histories of these counties ? Indeed, tributed to the pious Robert Nelson. It belongs

I shall be obliged by a reference to any works to his era: but I have heard it referred to the likely to assist me in pedigrees of families of Nor. celebrated John Kettlewell, and this seems con

folk and Sutfolk.

E. firmed by the following expressions in his epi [Blomefield's History of Norfolk, 1739-75, fol., 5 vols., taph: “Qualem fateare par est, qui totius officii and the edition of 1805-10, 8vo, 11 vols., is the best nostri rationes, annum adhuc agens vigesimum

printed work to be consulted. The manuscript collections

of Gibbons, Le Neve, Craven Ord, Suckling, &c., for this quartum, feliciter adeo atque ex animo explicuit."

county are in the British Museum. Vide Sims's Manual 'Where can I find a Life of Kettlewell, besides

for the Genealogist, &c., ed. 1856, p. 215; and “ N. & Q.," that by Robert Nelson and the notices in Lath-. '1st S. xii. 327,- 2nd . i. 162; vi. 348.- Printed works on bury's History of the Non-Jurors ?

Suffolk are, A History of Hawsted and Hardwick, by Sir Juxta TURRIM.

John Cullum, Lond. 1813, 4to; The History of Hengrave,

by J. Gage, Lond. 1822, 4tó; The History of Suffolk [Robert Nelson was born on June 22, 1656, and John (Thingoc Hundred), by J. Gage, Lond. 1838, 4to; History Kettlewell on March 10, 1653; The Whole Duty of Man of the County of Suffolk, by the Rev. A. Suckling, 2 vols., was first published in 1658, so that these two eminently Lond. 1846, föl. The valuable MS. collections for this pious men must be taken off the list of claimants for the

county, by D, E. Davy, Esq., and H. Jermyn, Esq., are authorship of this celebrated production. Dates are some deposited among the Additional MSS. in the British times very useful in settling disputed points.— The Me Museum. Minor collections by Craven Ord, Gibbons, and moirs of the Life of Mr. John Kettlewell, 8vo, 1718, and Suckling, are in the same library. Vide Sims's Manual, which is also pretixed to the folio edition of his Works, pp. 220-222; and “N. & Q.," 2nd S. i. 94, 162, 205; 1719, 2 vols., alihough compiled from the manuscripts left vi. 348.] by Robert Nelson (p. 436. 8vo edition), was brought out under the co-editorship of Dr. George Hickes and Dr. LINES ON LONDON DISSENTING MINISTERS (1s Francis Lee. (See Kennett's Collection, vol. liii. p. 393, S. i. 454.)—Who was the “Papal Wright" of the Lansdowne MSS.; and Birch's Life of Abp. Tillotson, above ? A brief biography in reply, including p. 247, edit. 1753). There is a Life of John Kettlewell in The British Magazine for 1832, vol. ii. pp. 10, 120, as well

whose son he was, and whom he married, will as in the Church of England Magazine for 1842, vol. xii. Church of England Magazine for 1842. vol. xii. much oblige.

R. W. Dixon. Pp. 35, 85; but these are merely compilations from the [Papal Wright was Samuel Wright, D.D., a minister original memoir.]

of some celebrity in London, who was born on Jan. 30, FLAMBOROUGH TOWER.-Can you give any ac

1682-3. He was the eldest son of the Rev. James Wright count or tradition respecting the Danes tower : a

of Retford, co. Nottingham, by Eleanor, daughter of Mr.

Cotton, a gentleman in Yorkshire, and father to the Rer. ruin, now almost demolished, standing in a field

Thomas Cotton of Westminster About two years after at the west end of the town of Flamborough, in his settlement at the Carter Lane meeting-house, Dr. Yorkshire ? It (the town) is said to be a very Wright married the widow of his predecessor (Matthew ancient place, and to have been formerly of some

Sylvester), daughter of the Rev. Obadiah Hughes of

Enfield. By this lady he had only one daughter. Dr. note. The tower appears to have been erected

Wright died on the 3rd April, 1746, in the sixty-fourth as a stronghold, and probably to resist the incur

year of his age. Vide Wilson's History of Dissenting sions of the Danes, or to have formed part of a Churches; ii. 139–147, et seq.] castle. There are numerous mounds in the field, as if the ruins or foundations of a larger structure

CALIS AND ISLAND VOYAGES. — Dr. Marbeck's

account of these expeditions is said to exist in had been grown over by the grass. The lower story is arched over with a wagon

MS. in the British Museum. I should feel headed vault. It is built of the neighbouring

much obliged by a reference to it. limestone. JNO. A. Brown, Archt.

[This manuscript is in the Sloane Collection (Addit.

MS. 226), and is entitled “A Breefę and a true Discourse 86, King Street, Manchester.

of the late honorable voyage unto Spaine, and of the [A description of this tower, with an engraving, will wynning, sacking, and burning of the famous Towne of be found in Knox's Descriptions Geological, Topogra. Cádiz there, and of the miraculous overthrowe of the phical, and Antiquarian, in Eastern Yorkshire, 8vo, 1855, Spanish Navie at that tyme, with a reporte of all other p. 140. Mr. Knox says, that “the name Danish Tower, Accidents thereunto appertayning, by Doctor Marbeck, now usurping that of the Flamborough Tower, is a mis- | attending upon the person of the right honorable the nomer.

all ite characteristics it answers to an early | Lord Highe Admirall of England all the tyme of the Saxon Christian chapel or church; and not at all to said Action." This manuscript is in the beautiful calliwhat is called a Danish tower. . . . This old building | graphy of Peter Bales, the most celebrated master of consists of only one long square room on the ground penmanship. ] (and it never was otherwise), being nine long paces in length at the inside, east and west, and six and a half in

WASHINGTON FAMILY. - Where can I find a width, north and south, set nearly to the cardinal points. pedigree of this family? Thomas Washington

CPL.

died in Spain in the reign of James I. I think the Chapel, when Prayers were read by the Ordinary of one of the family was connected with George Newgate, after which he received the Sacrament; between

| eight and nine he came down from Chapel and was halVilliers, Duke of Buckingham. , Cpl. tered. When the Sheriff's Officer took the Cord from the

[The pedigree of Washington of Sulgrave will be found | Bag to perform his Duty, Mr. Hackman said, “Oh! the in Baker's History of Northamptonshire, i. 513; but the sight of this shocks me more than the Thought of its best work to consult is Jared Sparks's Life of George intended operation': he then shed a few tears, and took Washington, 8vo, 1852, pp. 497—512, who has not only leave of two Gentlemen in a very affecting manner. reprinted Baker's genealogical table, but Sir Isaac Heard's He was then conducted to a mourning Coach, attended table of the American branch in addition. To these he by Mr. Villette, the Ordinary, Mr. Boswell, and Mr. has added the genealogy of the Washington family of Ad Davenport, the Sheriff's Officer, when the procession set wick, taken from Hunter's History of Doncaster. It out for Tyburn in the following manner, viz., Mr. Miller, appears that Sir William Washington of Packington, co. City Marshal, on Horseback, in mourning, a number of Leicester, married Anne, half-sister to George Villiers, Sheriff's Officers on Horseback, Constables, &c., Mr. Duke of Buckingham, whose son was Sir Henry Wash Sheriff Kitchen, with his Under-Sheriff, in his Carriage; ington, the defender of Worcester.]

the Prisoner, with the afore-mentioned persons in the

Mourning Coach; Officers, &c.; the Cart hung with MEDIEVAL EMBLEMS. - Where can I find me

| black, out of which he was to make his Exit. On his diæval representations of St. Barnabas, St. Bri arrival at Tyburn, he got out of the Coach, mounted the tius, St. Machatus, St. Crispin, and other black Cart, and took an affectionate leave of Mr. Boswell and letter saints of the Anglican Calendar, with their the Ordinary. After some time spent in Prayer, he was respective emblems? If you can kindly help me

tied up, and about 10 minutes past Eleven he was launched

into Eternity. After hanging the usual time, his body in this, I shall feel greatly obliged. Lar.CLERK.

was brought to Surgeons' fall for dissection. When The most convenient and valuable book of reference Mr. Hackman got into the Cart under the Gallows, he on this subject is Dr. F. C. Husenbeth's Emblems of Saints, immediately kneeled down with his face towards the Second Edition, 12mo, 1860, as it contains a list of the horses, and prayed some time: he then rose and joined principal works consulted or referred to in this manual. in prayer with Mr. Villette and Mr. Boswell about a Vide also Sacred and Legendary Art, by Mrs. Jameson, quarter of an Hour, when he desired to be permitted to 2 vols. 8vo, 1848; The Calendar of the Anglican Church have a few minutes to himself. The Clergymen then Illustrated, Oxford, 12mo, 1851; and a work by Menes took leave of him. His request being granted, he intrier, L'Art des Emblemes, Paris, 8vo, 1684.]

formed the Executioner when he was prepared he would EPITAPH ON DR. VINCENT. - Could any cor

drop his Handerchief as a Signal; accordingly, after

praying about six or seven minutes to himself, he dropped respondent of “N. & Q.” supply the epitaph on his Handkerchief, and the Cart drew from under him." William Vincent, D.D., Dean of Wesminster, who In the previous number of the St. James's died in the year 1815, and is buried in the abbey church?

obey Chronicle for April 17, is a long letter signed

OXONIENSIS. [The simple inscription on the monument of Dean

J. B.,” evidently by Boswell, and truly Bos

Dean | wellian. He commences by observing: Vincent was his own composition: “ Hic requiescit quod mortale est GULIELMI VINCENT, qui Puer sub domûs

“ I am just come from attending the Trial and Conhujusce penetralibus Enutritus, mox post studia Acade

demnation of the unfortunate Mr. Hackman, who shot mica confecta unde abiit reversus, atque ex imo præcep

Miss Ray, and I must own that I feel an unusual Deprestorum gradu summam adeptus, Decanatu tandem hujusce

sion of Spirits, joined with that Pause which so solemn Ecclesiæ (quam unicè dilexit) Decoratus est. Qualis

nalis | a Warning of the dreadful effects that the passion of fuerit vitâ, studiis, et moribus Lapis sepulchralis taceat.

Love may produce, must give all of us who have lively Ortus ex honestâ stirpe Vincentiorum de Shepy in agro

Sensations and warm Tempers.” Leicestriensi, natus Londini, Novis secundo, 1739: dena He goes on in a very apologetic strain : tus Decembis 21mo, 1815.”]

“ As his (Mr. Hackman's) manners were uncommonly amiable, his mind and heart seem to have been uncom

monly Pure and Virtuous. It may seem strange at Replies.

first, but I can very well suppose that had he been less

virtuous he would not now have been so criminal. His BOSWELL.

case is one of the most remarkable that has ever occurred

in the History of Human Nature; but it is by no means (3rd S. iv. 186.)

unnatural. The principle of it is very philosophically erMessrs. Chambers probably obtained the anec

plained and illustrated in the . Hypocondriack,' a periodical dote of Boswell riding to Tyburn in the same

Paper peculiarly adapted to the people of England, and mourning coach with the murderer Hackman,

which now comes out monthly in the London Magazine." the ordinary of Newgate, and a turnkey, from He then quotes a passage from the paper, which the Selwyn Correspondence, vol. iv. p. 83, 1844; is too long to extract. The paper so praised but the following account, which I extract from Bosworth himself was the author of. It extended the St. James's Chronicle of April 20, 1779, is a to many numbers, but was never collected in a fuller one:

volume. He concludes bis letter in the St. “ A little after five yesterday morning the Revd. Mr.

James's Chronicle by urging that he (Hackman), Hackman got up, dressed himself, and was at private “Is an object neither of Abhorrence nor of Contempt; meditation till near seven, when Mr. Boswell and two and upon such an occasion I could wish that the Royal other gentlemen waited on him and accompanied him to Prerogative could transmute the mode of punishment

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from that which is common to mean offenders to what till centuries after the time of the saint. The would better suit the character of the sufferer.”

leaf of the wild sorrel is even better adapted for In his Life of Johnson he mentions his attending the illustration than that of clover ; but how two the trial, but not the execution, of Hackman. of the plants mentioned by the Quarterly Review He dined in Johnson's company after the trial, as sharing also the name of Shamrock, speedwell and says,

and pimpernel, could have been so called, I can“ Johnson was much interested by my account of what not imagine, sind

not imagine, since their leaves are formed very passed, and particularly with his (Hackman's) prayer for differently from those of clover, and from each the mercy of Heaven. He said, in a solemn fervid tone, other. • I trust he shall find mercy."" (Croker's edition, 1831, The extract from the Quarterly Review speaks vol, iv. p. 254.)

of a “last and most legendary” Life of St. In the Town and Country Magazine for April, Patrick, " printed by Colgan." I do not know 1779, Boswell is not named as one of the parties what Life is here meant, but the most ample and in the mourning coach ; but it is stated that he legendary one which I have seen is that trans(Hackman)

lated from Jocelin of Farnesio, written in Latin * Was permitted to go from Newgate to Tyburn in a in the twelfth century, and published in English, Mourning Coach, being accompanied by the Ordinary of together with the Lives of St. Bridget and St. Newgate, another Clergyman, and his brother-in-law, Mr. Columba, printed by John Cousturier in 1636. Booth.”

This Life of St. Patrick is filled with legendary Did Boswell take the place of the other clergy- lore, but it nowhere mentions the account of the man ? He seems at all events to have performed / shamrock.

F.C. H.
the duty of one, and thus to have out Selwyned
Selwyn.
JAS. CROSSLEY.

TOISON D'OR.

(3rd S. ii. 169.) ST. PATRICK AND THE SHAMROCK.

I am sorry not to be able to answer MR. WOOD(3rd S. iv. 187.)

WARD's inquiries completely; but his Query gives When we speak of a tradition, we mean | me an opportunity of recording some information expressly something not written, but delivered about the Toison d'Or which I hope may not be orally from age to age. It is not to be expected unacceptable to him, and to other readers of then that traditionary accounts should be found "N. & Q." who are interested in genealogy and in histories; if they were, they would cease to heraldry. Favyn gives a list of twenty-three be traditions. But the very fact of their not chapters, and of the places where they were held. being recorded in history renders it well nigh The following list gives the places : hopeless to trace their origin satisfactorily. Hence The first is “ The Isle in Flanders," that is to it is unreasonable to expect, as CANON DALTON say, Lille, in the year 1430; Lille in 1431 ; seems to do, that any one should be able to ex- | Bruges in 1432; Bruges in 1433 ; Bruxelles in plain how the tradition arose of St. Patrick's use 1435; St. Omer in 1440 ; Gand in 1445 ; Mons of the shamrock to illustrate the doctrine of the in 1451; the Hague in 1456; St. Omer in 1461; Blessed Trinity. If no history can be cited, what Bruges in 1467. Chifflet, from whom I am about can be said but that the account has always been to quote largely, gives this chapter as occurring in believed, and that this affords a strong presumption 1468. In it Edward IV. of England was elected. that it is founded on truth? The account is so His arms, if my memory, unassisted by notes, natural and plausible, and at the same time so serves me, are among those which are now to be harmless, that no one can justly take exception seen in the choir of Nôtre Dame at Bruges. Vato it.

lenciennes in 1473; Bruges in 1478; Bois le Duc It does not seem settled, however, what the in 1481; Malines in 1491; Bruxelles in 1501 ; plant used by St. Patrick really was. The name Middelbourg in 1505 ; Bruxelles in 1516; Barof Shamrock is said to be derived from the Irish celona in 1519; Tournay in 1531; Utrecht in Seamar-ogh, holy trefoil. It has been supposed | 1546 ; Antwerp in 1554; Gand in 1559. After to be identical with the Tpovalov, mentioned by which date no more chapters appear to have been Herodotus, as used in the sacrifices of the ancient held in the Netherlands. Persians, and derived from them, as a sacred But Favyn must be wrong in his first stateemblem by the Irish, as traces of their fire-wor- | ment. Lille was not the place of the first Chapship are still to be found in Ireland. But thoughter; Bruges was. Favyn had previously recited it is universally applied now to the leaf of the the Letters Patent of the Institution of the Order, white clover, there is good reason to believe that in which Philip Duke of Burgundy, the founder, what St. Patrick used was the wild sorrel (Oxalis says: acetosella); for it has been proved very satisfac- ! « The Tenth day of the moneth of January, and in torily that clover was not introduced into Ireland | the year of Grace or of our Lord, one Thousand four

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hundred and twenty-nine, which was the day of sollemne My note gives the eagle argent.
Marriage between us and our most deare spouse Ysabell
of Portugall, in our City of Bruges, where we have

“ 2. Messire Jean de Villers de Lilleadam. Portoit d'or ordained. received. created. We ordaine. receive and I au chef d'azur, chargé d'un bras droit vestu d'hermines, create, the Order and Brotherhood of Knights .....

au fanon de mesme frangé d'argent, pendant sur le tout.” whom we will hare to be called and named of the Golden My note gives a little variation, namely, a Fleece.”—Theater of Honour, London, 1623, book iv. p. 14. | dextrochere issuant from the sinister side of the

And Chifflet, in his Insignia Gentilitia Equitum escocheon, the sleeve and maniple white, edged Velleris Aurei Fecialium verbis enuntiata, Ant- | gules. werp, 1632, says, in the margin, by the first Knight " 3. Messire Philippe Seigneur de Ternant et de la after the Sovereign,

Motte. Portoit eschiqueté d'or et de gueulles. “ XXIV Equites electi in primâ ordinis institutione “ 4. Messire Hue de Lannoy Seigneur de Santes. Portoit Brugis Flandrarum, 10 Januarij, anno 1429, stylo veteri, I d'argent a trois lyons de sinople couronnez et armez d'or 1430 stylo novo."

lampassez de gueulles; l'escu brisé d'une bordure engrelée In the Foreign Division of the Pictures in the

aussi de gueulles.” Great Exhibition of 1862, there was a picture

I do not recollect this bordure in the picture. numbered in the Official Catalogue, Fine Art “ 5. Messire Roland de Wtkercke Seigneur de Hemerode Department, 1813, and described thus:

et de Herstruut. Portoit d'argent à la croix de sable "Leys, B. The Institution of the Golden Fleece, 10th

chargée de cinq coquilles oreillées d'or." Jan. 1429.-The Oath.”

The next five hang from the shaft. It was exhibited by the Duke of Brabant. “6. Messire Jean Seigneur de Commines. Portoit de Many of the readers of “ N. & Q." will recollect gueulles au chevron d'or accompagné de trois coquilles the picture. I was able to get near enough, and oreillées d'argent lignées de sable, deux en chef et une stand long enough by it, to make a blazon of all | en pointe: a le bordure de l'escu d'or.

«7. Messire Regnier Pot, Seigneur de la Prugne et de the coats displayed in it. The picture gives the

la Rochenoulay. Portoit escartelė au 1 et 4 d'or a la fasce interior of a church. In the foreground on the

d'azur, 'au 2 et 3 eschiqueté d'argent et de sable a deux dexter side are ecclesiastics, in surplices, seated badeloires de gueulles, enmanchez, virolez, et rivez d'or, on the bench of the enclosure of the choir. The | mis en bande l'un sur l'autre.” enclosure rises above their heads, and is hung

| But my note of the second and third quarters with tapestry. All along outside this enclosure in the picture differs from Chifflet's blazon. In my is a crowd of men and a few women. Beyond

note they occur as checky of long pieces like are the church windows. Towards the centre is the person taking the oath. He is habited in red,

billets, or and gules. with the collar of the order over his robes.

“8. Messire Pierre de Luxembourg Comte de S. Pal Others in the same babit stand behind him, form

| de Conversan et de Brienne, Seigneur d'Enghien. Portoit ing part of the crowd nearest to the enclosure of sautoir couronnée et armée d'or, lampassé d'azur.

| d'argent au lyon de gueulles a la queue double passée en the choir. He is laying his left hand on a chasse “9. Messire Robert Seigneur de Masmines. Portoit and raising his right. A bishop is separated | d'azur au lyon d'or langué et armé de gueulles. from him by the chasse, and appears to be re

« 10. Messire Antoine Seigneur de Croy et de Renty. Pora

toit escartelé, au 1 et 4 d'argent a la fasce de gueulles de ceiving the oath.

trois pieces; au 2 et 3 d'argent a trois doloires de gueulles, The enclosure of the choir extends a long way deux en chef addossées, et l'autre en pointe." across the picture, and is then broken by a shaft,

A small group of men appears between the which runs up into a cap, upon which is a shield held by two lions. The shield shows no colours,

shaft on which these last five shields are hun,,

and the person taking the oath. One of this but is painted to represent carving, and gives this

group is in part screened by the person taking coat, Three estoiles of eight rays.

the bath. On the left shoulder of that one man From the capping, or bandrail, of this enclosure

only in the group is a shield, supported it seemed hang five shields; and from the shaft wbich I

difficult to say how. It shows, quarterly, 1 anay have mentioned hang five more, all by straps. They are all given as true shields, hung tem

gules, three sixfoils pierced or. 2 and 3 barry ou porarily for the occasion, and are all coloured.

six pieces; three pieces, beginning with the top By the aid of Chifflet's list they can all be iden

most, per fesse nebuly argent and azure:

other three gules. Over all what in Englisu tified. I give the names and blazon from him, and do not add my note of any shield unless it

modern heraldry would be an escocheon of prediffers from his blazon.

tence, showing, gules three small circular, " Beginning at the dexter end of the enclosure,

nearly circular charges, extremely indistinct,

Notwithstanding the apparent variation in the first five shields, ranged above the heads of

flet's blazon, I have no hesitation in assigned the ecclesiastics, are these:

this shield to Messire Pierre de Beffroiment Seiya “ 1. Primus Eques. Messire Guilliaume de Vienne,

nes neur de Charny. He, says Chifflet, Seigneur de St. George et de Ste. Croir. Portoit de gueulles a l'aigle d'or."

“ Portoit escartelé au 1 et dernier vairé d'or et le

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gueulles : au 2 et 3 de Vergy [de gueulles a trois quinte Ecclesiastical as being superior to any other callfueilles percées d'or, l'escu brisé d'une bordure d'or). Sur ing or profession, by assigning to one of its memle tout de gueulles a trois escussons d'argent, 2, 1."

bers precedence next after the royal family, and I have given my note of the 2 and 3 quarters as to another precedence over all Dukes not of royal they would be read in English heraldry. But blood. foreign delineations of Vair constantly give it in In concluding this reply, I take the opportunity the form which we should describe as Barry Ne- to inquire if there be any reason or legal impebuly. Thus, in the Nobiliario Genealogico de Es-diment why one of the young princes should not pana of Lopez de Haro, Madrid, 1618, p. 18, what be educated with a view to embracing the sacred looks like barry nebuly is blazoned “escaques de profession ? Prince Henry, afterwards Henry veros azules y blancos in campo de oro."

VIII., was intended for the Church ; and Paolo This is a very long reply, and imperfect after Sarpi informs us that he was an able philosopher, all; but the great historical interest of the pic- satirist, and divine. Still later we have had a ture and its heraldry will, I hope, be some excuse Royal Cardinal; and though he cannot be confor my having trespassed so largely on “ N. & Q." sidered as a clerical personage, we find that dis

D. P. tinguished member of the Church-Militant, H.R.H. Stuarts Lodge, Malvern Wells.

the Duke of York, Commander-in-Chief of the British Army, and Bisbop of Osnaburg !!

CHESSBOROUGH.

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TITLES BORNE BY CLERGYMEN.

So far as can be learnt, there have never been (3rd S. iv. 148.)

but two in the Presbyterian church. Sir Henry

Moncrieff (Wellwood), of Tulliebole, was for more A rather amusing, though not very accurate, than half a century one of the ministers of the large French writer, M. D'Haussez, describes the Eng suburban parish of St. Cuthbert's, or West lish clergyman as “ un homme d'une grande nais- Church, Edinburgh. He died in 1827; and was sance;" and that the ecclesiastical profession in this succeeded in the baronetcy by his son Sir James, country is recruited largely, if not chiefly, from a who was an eminent judge in the Court of Session, source different to that which yielded a priesthood by the title of Lord Moncrieff. He died in 1851, to Jeroboam, is a fact neither novel nor surprising, and his eldest son Sir Henry is now a minister in although your Liverpool correspondent does not the Free Church; being incumbent of Free St. appear to be aware that its ranks have always Cuthbert's, Edinburgh. Before the Secession of contained, as compared with other professions, a 1843, he was parish minister of East Kilbride, in fair share of “men of title" (not of course mean- Lanarkshire. The present Lord Advo ing by this term that class of curates who con- | Scotland is his immediate younger brother. The sider a “nomination” minus £ s. d, as sufficient date of the baronetcy is 1826.

T. compensation for their services). If, for instance, we compare the Clergy List of 1863 with the The present Earl of Guilford, having been born Army List, say, of 1861, we find the total number in

in the year 1851, is a minor, and not in holy of " men of title" in the English branch of the ordersand the Earl of Kilmorey, though Lord U. C. to be over 150, all of whom have derived

Abbot of the exempt jurisdiction of Newry and their titles by descent. Not including military

Mourne, is nevertheless a layman. MR. WORKARD knights, the total number of titled officers in the I will, I am sure, be glad to be corrected, Cavalry, Engineers, Artillery, Guards, Line,

ABHBA.
Rifle Brigade, and Marines, is 194. In the army
are-Earls, 6 to 3 in the Church; Viscounts, 14
to 1; Lords, 21 to 15; Honourables, 125 to 105 ;

DANISH INVASION.
Baronets, 23 to 32; and it should be noticed that
several of the titles in the army have been earned

(3rd S. iv. 58.)
by their present possessors. In addition to those Your correspondent and his authority, Koch,
given above, the Army contains 2 Princes, 1 Royal | do not, I see, attach much importance to the
Duke, and 2 Marquises,-titles as yet unrepre- Danish national records, according to which Bri-
sented in the English Church, though that of Ire tain was frequently invaded by Danes before the
land can show a Marquis. It is, I think, a notice Christian era; for instance, if we take up the
able fact that Baronets preponderate in the History of the Kings of Denmark, introduced by
Church. Although the “ mighty and noble after Hermann Cornerus in his Chronicon, we may pick
the flesh" called to the sacred office are “not out the following valuable information, and attach:
many," yet they are not “ few," when a compari- | to it as much importance as we may deem. suit-
son is drawn with other professions. The State able. It may be as well to state that this Chronicle
has, very properly, recognised the dignity of the was written about 1450, for H. C. took his D.D.

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