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Fall Term opens September 4 and continues ten weeks. First Winter Term opens November 13 and continues ten weeks.

The enterprising people of Muncie spent $100,000 in buildings, equipment, scientific apparatus, reference library and general improvements. The institution has a guarantee of an annual income equal to a fair per cent. on a $500,000 endowment fund.

Courses.- Preparatory, Review Work, Psychology, Pedagogy, Educational Philosophy, Lit. erary, Scientific, Classic, English, Bookkeeping, Shorthand and Typewriting, Music, Art, Élocution, Oratory, Kindergarten, Medical, Law and Biology.

Expenses.-Ten dollars per term of ten weeks pays tuition for all drills and all work except private lessons. Good board, $1.50 per week. Furnished roon, light and heat, 50 to 60 cents per week. Students may enter at any tiine and select their own work. Over 500 students enrolled first year. For particulars, address

F. A. Z. KUMLER, A. M., President.

,

ROCHESTER

HESTER NORMAL UNIVERSITY, , ROCHESTER, IND.

FALL TERM BEGINS SEPT. 4, 1900.

FEATURES OF THE SCHOOL.

1. All trachers ure specialists and University trained. 2. Thoroughness characterine: Ciory department 3. Personal private instruction is given when needed. 4. Classes are not large, thus giving the student advantages not possible in crowded schools. 5. Review work in Common Branches every terin. 6. All Academic and Coilege work done with us need not be done over again should the student attend a higher inatitution of learning. 7. Credits from our school are accepted in all first-class Colleges and Universities. 8. Students may enter at any time. 9. Expenses are as low as possible consistent with decent living.

DEPARTMENTS.

1. Preparatory.. 2. Academic. %. Collegiate. 4. Normal. 5. Music. 6. Oratory. 7. Commercial. 8. Shorthand and Typewriting.

It is the part of wisdom to attend school where neither time nor money is wasted-where the principle that “ Education is a self-activity” is not a mere theory, but a fact of the everyday work of the school. Write for Catalogue.

W. H. BANTA, President.

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Published June 1, 1899.

Over Eighteen Thousand Copies

now in use in public and private secondary schools.

The book marks an era in
the teaching of English...

This book is the most complete work on the:science of number and the discussion and expression of number relations yet published. It is for teachers and advanced students preparing for the profession, and gives universal satisfaction.

NORMAL METHODS IN NUMBER, by the same author, Prof. A. Jones, of the Marion Normal College, is the most helpful and popular teacher's book now on sale. It gives a thorough discussion of principles, and contains a careful analytical solution of all the most difficult problems in the Indiana Advanced Arithmetic. This book is now in the hands of thousands of the best teachers of the State.

ENLARGED. Hundrods of questions have been asked by teachers concerning difficult problems. The bool is now being enlarged, and many additional solutions given. There will also be a list of problems which have the wrong answer. No teacher can afford to be without this book. Either of the above books will be mailed to any address for One Dollar.

Local agents wanted in every county.

Cloth, 476 pages. Price, $1.00.

Scott, Foresman & Co.,

Publishers,

Address O. W. FORD & CO.

MARION, IND.

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VOL. I.

ALGUST, 1900.

NUMBER 1.

THE BLOOD OF THE NATION.

PRESIDENT DAVID STARR JORDAX, LELAND STANFORD, JR., UNIVERSITY.

It is recognized that the blood of a nation in a large degree determines its history. Knowing the nature of a race we can forecast its achievements. The Saxon will make Saxon history wherever he goes, the Jew will make Jewish history, and the negro wherever he goes will do deeds after his kind.

I wish to show that in similar fashion the history of a nation determines its blood. The word "blood” in this sense is a figure of speech, meaning heredity, for we know that the basis of heredity is in germ plasm, and not in literal blood. But the old word will serve our purposes. The blood which is thicker than water is the expression for race unity. The nature of a race is determined by the qualities of those of its members who leave offspring. If any class of men is destroyed by the action of social or political forces, these leave no offspring, and their kind in time fails to appear.

In a herd of cattle to destroy the strongest bulls, the fairest cows, the most promising calves, is to leave the others to become the parents of the coming herd. This we call degeneration, and it is the only kind of race degeneration we know, yet the scrawny, lean, infertile herd which results is of the same type as its actual parents. If, on the other hand, we sell or destroy the rough calves, the lean, poor, or ineffective, we shall have a herd descended from the best. These facts are the basis of selective breeding, “the magician's wand,” which summon up any form of animal or plant useful to man or pleasing to his fancy.

The same facts are fundamental in human history. Viewed in the large sense,

a race of men is essentially like a herd of animals. If similar processes are followed its nature is changed in the same way and the same degree.

The only way in which any race as a whole has improved has been through its preservation of its best and the loss of its worst examples. The condition which favors this is democracy, equality before the law, the condition which equalizes opportunity and gives each man the right to stand or fall on the powers God has given him.

The only race degeneration ever known is that produced by one or all of democracy's arch enmies—slavery, aristocracy, militarism, imperialism—the four tyrants of human politics, not one of whom appears without the others. The effect of these forces is to destroy the best, leaving for tlie fathers of the future those which nilitary power could not use for its purposes.

Degeneracy of the individual is quite another thing, and has its own series of

But such degeneracy is not inherited. Unless entangled in the meshes of disease, every child is free born, the son of what his father and mother ought to have been. Neither education, indolence nor oppression can be inherited. They affect the individual life, but they cannot tarnish the blood.

The degeneracy discussed by Nordau and the school of journalistic scientists which he represents is thus individual. It has no permanence.

A mob of crazy painters, drunken musicians, maudlin poets, and sensation hunters on the bouleTards proves nothing as to race degeneracy. Any man of any race degenerates

causes.

ever

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in an environment of vice, disease and ab- And so with the rest of them, not l'orsinthe. But he may leave his race all the getting the Queen and the King. And cleaner for his degenerating.

the blood of France has been poorer, her I take a concrete illustration, the de- men less manly, and her women less fair, generation of France—the falling off in since the day of her great slaughter, whatstature and fertility of the French people one may think of the political during the present century. An official changes it brought about. commission has lately investigated it, Primogeniture: The basis of English reaching scanty results. Perhaps we may polity has been and is inequality before help them.

the law. Men have tried to take a cerI wish vou to assume that Millet's “Man tain few, to feed these on "royal jelly,” as with the Hoe" is in a large degree typical the young queen bee is fed, to take them of the French peasantry. Dull, lack-lus- out of the struggle and competition of life, tre-cyed, with low forehead, and brutal and to make them by such means harmonjaw, he is not the product of oppression. ious and perfect men and women. Thus, His like has always lived in France. His in England, the oldest son is chosen for qualities are ancient, aboriginal. He ex- this purpose—a good thing, says Samuel ists to-day, and has increased for a cen- Johnson, “because it insures only one fool tury because better men have been de- in the family.” In making perfect men stroyed. And this is the primal cause of it has certainly failed, for men are made the fall of France, of the decline of any by effort and resistance. But it has forced nation whatever--the destruction of the constantly the younger sons' and daughbest, the survival of the unfittest, a re- ters' sons back again into the mass of the versal of nature's method of race purifica- people.

people. The English people of to-day are tion and of race advance.

the sons of the old nobility, and their In French history how has this hap- development has crowded out the sons of pened? Let us look at a few instances the swineherd and the slave. The evil among many.

of primogeniture has been its own antiThe French Revolution. In this out

dote. It has begotten democracy. The break of the oppressed “the best that the

younger sons, with Richard Rumbold.

. nation could bring" was destroyed. "never could believe that Providence ha

The nobility of any nation, and more sent into the world a few men alreadı of aristocracy, was composed in the booted and spurred, with countless milplace of its best blood. The failure phys- lions already saddled ard bridlel, with ically comes from bad training, luxury, these few to ride." And so these lounger vice and irresponsible power. These ef- sons became the Roundhead, the Puritan, fects are individual only, and do not pass the Pilgrim, those who in all the ages have over into heredity. The strongest, wisest, fought for liberty in England and in the fairest, were the noblemen when races Inited States. Genealogical studies were young. And these fell in the Reign clearly show that all of the old families of of Terror.

New England and Virginia have noble The old drummer, Pierre, in Thack- and royal blood in their veins. The Maseray's "Chronicles of the Drum," tells us sachusetts farmer whose ancestor's came that:

from Plymouth in Devon has more of the “Those glorious days of September

blood of William and Alfred than the Saw many aristocrats fall.

Queen of England has, for she is mostly 'Twas thus that our pikes drank the blood

German. And it is well for England that In the beautiful breast of Lamballe. her gentle blood runs in the veins of all

her citizens. Pardi! 'twas a beautiful lady!

On the Continent it was not 0. In I seldom have looked on her like,

France, all of noble lineage were noble. And I drummed for a gallant procession Thus the blood of nobility and the blood That marched with her head on a pike.'

of the clown were kept separate, and the

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