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Seneca he had sent him, and he remarked that it was open at the page where Seneca says, that he who would enter into a conspiracy, ought beforehand to cast off the fear of death. This was probably the last passage that he read.

Whilst I remained at the Temple, I, myself, interrogated the gen-d'arme who passed the night in the antichamber which separated George from Pichegru, he told me that he had heard nothing particular during the night, except General Pichegru who had coughed a great deal from eleven o'clock till midnight, and that not being able to enter his apartment as the keeper had the key of it, he was unwilling to disturb the whole prison on account of this cough. The sentinel was himself locked up in the antichamber, and in order to give an alarm he would have been obliged to call from the window to the sentinel who was stationed at the door of the tower, and he again to the guard, who would have communicated the alarm to the keeper. I likewise interrogated the sentinel who was on duty from 10 till midnight under the window of Pichegru; but he had heard nothing.

"Well!" observed M. Real to me, "let what will be done, it will always be said that not being able to convict him, we strangled him." And it was this very suggestion that determined the grand judge to order from that time a soldier to be stationed without arms in the rooms of each of the prisoners implicated with George to prevent them from attempting suicide. It is asserted that Pichegru was strangled by soldiers. My answer to which is this-It would have been a strangely imprudent thing for any person to have risked his own safety by committing the execution of such a crime to the hands of those under his immediate command, who, on the first occasion of discontent, would have upbraided him with what they had undertaken for him, or

every day would have required fresh rewards for their secrecy. In a city like Paris, it would have been easy to have found men to whom the perpetration of such an action would not have been repugnant, instead of charging those with it who ought to be held in respect. The three men in France who can best speak on this subject, are M. Manginot, captain of gens d'armes, at Evreux, near Paris, and at that time commandant of the Temple; M. Bellenger, an officer in the cavalry stationed at Mans or D'Alençon, and then lieutenant of footin the legion d'élite, and officer of the guard on the night in question, and the same person who sent me the report before mentioned. Nothing could have taken place in the Tower without this gentleman's knowledge. If any soldiers had entered it, he must have seen and even recognized their persons, as the legion d'élite is not so large but that all the soldiers who compose it are known to each other; and M. Bellenger is from principle and elevation of sentiment one of the last men who would connive at any scheme of villany or deceit. The last of the three I alluded to is the keeper of the Temple who is living yet, and was lately keeper of Vincennes.

When I had ascertained all the circumstances relative to the death of Pichegru, I hastened to make my report to the Emperor; he was then with his brother Joseph, and he exclaimed aloud, "A noble end for the conqueror of Hol land."

Pichegru without doubt would have been condemned as well as George, having entered France with him, and proved himself inseparably connected with him; wherefore then was the necessity of employing any extraordinary means of taking him off? But I will go further yet: I positively assert that the Emperor never intended his execution, which is sufficiently proved in the pardon he extended to

those who were condemned in the same trial, of whom he suffered none to perish but such as had stained their hands with French blood during the revolution. This is my answer to the last part of the criminal imputation, contained in the article of the Advocate D'Henout; and I leave the public to judge whether it were possible for me to reply to it sooner.

During my rigorous confinement, I have often had occasion to give similar explanations respecting this species of imputation, which has been such a cause of uneasiness to me, that I took a firm resolution to commit to paper, such truths as might tend to enlighten public opinion respecting this odious calumny. I publish this detail at the risk of whatever may ensue: if I become the victim of it, at least it will not be without having justified myself in the eyes of a great number of persons, who, having been bound in ties of the strictest friendship with me, would be authorized to believe from my silence that they must have been deceived in the opinion they had entertained of me.

These painful reflections were carried to the height in the course of February; at which time no trouble was taken to disguise opinion, from the universal persuasion as to the part I was supposed to have taken in the two tragical events of Wright and Bathurst, and I plainly perceived from that time that it was necessary to justify myself. I was without protection, and without means of making myself understood; but I resolved to hazard every thing to recover my liberty by the first opportunity that should present itself.

When nothing dishonourable has been committed, mis-' fortune is always sure to be treated by the English with consolation and protection.

I embrace this opportunity to salute you.
DUKE OF ROVIGO,

(Signed)

No. I.

[COPY.]

His Excellency Lieutenant General The Right Honorable Sir Thomas Maitland, Grand Cordon du bien, Governor of the Island of Malta, &c. orders Lieutenant Colonel Otto Beyer, of the first Battalion of the 10th Regiment, Commandant of Fort Emmanuel, to repair on board His Majesty's Ship Eurotas, and in the presence of the Captain of the said Ship, to make the following communications to the persons hereinafter mentioned.

The Maltese Government has received instructions from the Ministers of his Britannic Majesty, to cause to be disembarked and detained as prisoners of war, in the Fort of this Island, the Officers hereafter named, and it is enjoined that they be not considered as prisoners on parole, and that they have no communication whatever with the continent of Europe.

consequence of these regulations, the Governor of Malta directs that they be forthwith disembarked at Fort Emmanuel, to be there detained as prisoners of war, under the immediate care of the Commandant of the said Fort, and with the following regulations and conditions.

1st. An official report having been made with respect to the preparations for their accommodation, and it appearing that proper arrangements having been made for Officers of their rank and situation, they are to be immediately lodged in the several apartments appointed for them, and no change whatever will be allowed in the dispositions already made.

2nd. The choice will be allowed them to dine at one or two tables; but it is understood that they will not be allowed to keep any servant, nor to employ any person whatever as such, without the express permission of the Governor communicated by writing, and through the means of the Commandant.

3rd. They may agree with the Commandant with respect to the hours, morning and evening, of being allowed to walk or take such other exercise, within the walls of the Fort, as they may deem expedient; and the Commandant will make such regulations on this subject as may best agree with the safety of their persons and the

preservation of their health: but it is to be well understood that they be confined in their quarters from sun-set until sun rise the next morning, under the immediate guard of a sentinel.

4th. All communication, of whatever nature it may be, with any part of the Island, is expressly forbidden, unless sanctioned by the Commandant. And any attempt at such, will be followed by an abatement of the indulgences which the Government is desirous to procure them, and which will be in proportion to the order, regularity, and peaceable demeanour of the prisoners.

5th. The observance of this last regulation, will point out the necessity of trusting the Commandant alone with the entire control of their domestic arrangements; consequently he will regulate their establishment in every ramification. The servants employed on the occasion must be considered as belonging to the Govern

ment.

6th. The use of pen, ink and paper, is decidedly interdicted, unless with the knowledge and permission of the Commandant. Nevertheless, the Governor of the Island will be disposed to grant indulgences on this point, in proportion to the good behaviour of the individuals; on this account it appears advisable that, on their arrival at Fort Emmanuel, all papers, of what nature soever, shall be delivered up, with the privilege, however, of putting them under cover, with suitable directions on the envelope as to the manner in which they wish them to be disposed of; these papers will remain unopened until his Majesty's Government shall finally determine the necessary steps to be taken on this subject. This regulation extends to Money, Bills of Exchange, or Letters of Credit.

7th. The Commandant will also take charge of all arms, of whatever nature they may be, belonging to the prisoners. And, lastly, he will make known to these Officers that no requests will be attended to, which are not in writing, and sent to him open, addressed to the Chief Secretary of the Government; although his Excellency the Governor will at all times be disposed to favor the demands which are made to him with decorum and in a regular manner, provided they are not opposed in spirit or in letter to the instructions of his Britannic Majesty's Government. 1 (Signed) art at a state and I

MAITLAND.

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