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Intercourse mercial intercourse between any person or persons resident within the suspended. United States or under their protection, and any person or persons resi

dent within the territories of the French Republic, or any of the
dependencies thereof, shall be, and from and after the second day of
March next, is hereby prohibited and farther suspended, excepting only
in the cases hereinafter provided. And any ship or vessel, owned, hired,
or employed wholly or in part by any person or persons resident within
the United States, or any citizen or citizens thereof resident elsewhere,
and sailing therefrom after that day, which contrary to the intent here-
of, shall be voluntarily carried, or shall be destined or permitted to pro-
ceed, or shall be sold, bartered, entrusted or transferred, for the purpose
that she may proceed, whether directly or from any intermediate port
or place, to any port or place within the territories of that Republic, or
any of the dependencies thereof; or shall be engaged in any traffic or
commerce, by or for any person resident within the territories of that
Republic, or within any of the dependencies thereof; and also any cargo
which shall be found on board of such ship or vessel, when detected and
interrupted in such unlawful purpose, or at her return from such voyage
to the United States, shall be wholly forfeited, and may be seized and
condemned in any court of the United States, having competent

jurisdiction. On clearing

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That excepting for foreign ships other than cer or vessels owned, hired, and employed by persons permanently residing tain foreign ves in Europe, and commanded and wholly navigated by foreigners, no cign voyage, se. clearance for a foreign voyage shall be granted to any ship or vessel curity to be

whatever, until the owner or the employer for the voyage, or if not resigiven.

dent within the district where the clearance shall be required, his factor or agent, with the master and one or more sufficient surety or sureties, to the satisfaction of the collector of the district, shall give bond to the United States, such owner, employer, or factor, with the master, in a sum equal to the value of the vessel, and of one third of her cargo; and such surety or sureties in a like sum, when it shall not exceed ten thousand dollars; and if it shall exceed, then in that sum, with condition that the ship or vessel for which a clearance shall be required, is actually destined, and shall proceed to some port or place without the limits or jurisdiction of the French Republic, or any of the dependencies thereof, and during the intended voyage shall not be voluntarily carried, or permitted to proceed or sold, entrusted or transferred, with the purpose that she may proceed whether directly, or from any intermediate port or place, to any port or place within the territories of that Republic, or any of the dependencies thereof; and shall not, at any such port or place, voluntarily deliver or unlade any part of such cargo; and if compelled by distress of weather, or taken by force into any such port or place, will not there receive on board of such ship or vessel, any goods, produce, or merchandise, other than necessary sea stores.; and generally, that such ship or vessel shall not be employed in any traffic or commerce, with or for any person resident within the terri

tory of the French Republic, or any of the dependencies thereof. Master of a Sec. 3. Provided, and be it further enacted, That when any ship or vessel going to vessel which shall obtain a clearance for a foreign voyage, after a bond an Frenchai port shall be given as aforesaid, shall be compelled by distress of weather, or by compulsion, other casualty endangering the safety of such ship or vessel, or of the

mariners on board the same, or shall be taken by any armed vessel, or payment in

other superior force, into any port or place within the territories of the lion, &c.

French Republic, or any of the dependencies thereof, and shall there
necessarily unlade and deliver, or shall be deprived of any cargo then on
board, then, and in such case, the master or other person having charge
of such ship or vessel, may receive compensation or payment in bills of
exchange, or in money or bullion, for such cargo, but not otherwise,

may receive

money or bul.

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or from an in.

&c.

and shall not be understood thereby to contravene this law, or to incur a forfeiture of the said bond.

Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That no ship or vessel coming Forfeiture of from any port or place within the territories of the French Republic, or

vessel and car.

go coming from any of the dependencies thereof, whether with or without a cargo, or

à French port, from any other port or place, with a cargo on board obtained for, or laden on board of such vessel at any port or place within the said terri- termediate port, tories or dependencies, which shall arrive within the limits of the United States after the said second day of March next, shall be admitted to an entry with the collector of any district; and each and every such ship or vessel which shall arrive as aforesaid, having on board any goods, wares or merchandise, destined to be delivered within the United States, contrary to the intent of this act, or which shall have otherwise contravened the same, together with the cargo which shall be found on board, shall be forfeited, and may be seized and demned in any court of the United States having competent jurisdiction : Provided, that nothing

Exceptions. herein contained shall be construed to prohibit the entry of any vessel having a passport granted under the authority of the French Republic, and solely employed for purposes of political or national intercourse with the government of the United States, and not in any commercial intercourse

, and which shall be received, and permitted by the President of the United States to remain within the same : And provided also, that until the first day of August next, and no longer, any ship or vessel, wholly owned or employed by a foreigner, other than any person resident in France, or in any of the dependencies of the French Republic, and which coming therefrom shall be destined to the United States, and shall arrive within the same, not having otherwise contravened this act, shall be required and permitted to depart therefrom, and in case she shall accordingly depart, without any unreasonable delay, and without delivery, or attempting to deliver, any cargo or lading within the United States, such ship or vessel, or any cargo which may be on board the same, shall not be liable to the forfeiture aforesaid.

Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That if any ship or vessel, coming Treatment of from

any port or place within the territories of the French Republic, vessels coning any of the dependencies thereof, or with any cargo there obtained from a French on board, but not destined to any port or place within the United States, cargo therein shall be compelled by distress of weather, or other necessity, to put into obtained, and any port or place within the limits of the United States, such ship or

putting in

through stress vessel shall be there hospitably received in the manner prescribed by of weather, &c. the act, intituled "An act to regulate the collection of duties on imports and tonnage;" and shall be permitted to make such repairs, and to

Vol. i. 627. obtain such supplies as shall be necessary to enable her to proceed according to her destination; and such repairs and supplies being obtained, shall be thereafter required and permitted to depart. But if such ship or vessel shall not conform to the regulations prescribed by the act last mentioned, or shall unlade any part of her cargo, or shall take on board any cargo or supplies whatever, without the permit of the collector of the district previously obtained therefor, or shall refuse, or unreasonably delay to depart from and out of the United States, after having received a written notice to depart, which such collector may, and shall give, as soon as such ship or vessel shall be fit for sea; or having departed shall return to the United States, not being compelled thereto by further distress or necessity, in each and every such case, such ship or vessel and her

cargo shall be forfeited and may be seized, and condemned in any court of the United States having competent jurisdiction.

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That at any time after the passing The President of this act, it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, by may remit the his order to remit and discontinue for the time being, whenever he shall prohibition of deem it expedient

, and for the interest of the United States, all or any renew it again. Vol. II.-2

or

President

may

this act,

&c.

of the restraints and prohibitions imposed by this act, in respect to the territories of the French Republic, or to any island, port or place belonging to the said Republic, with which in his opinion a commercial intercourse may be safely renewed; and also it shall be lawful for the President of the United States, whenever he shall afterwards deem it expedient, to revoke such order, and hereby to re-establish such restraints and prohibitions. And the President of the United States shall be, and

he is hereby authorized, to make proclamation thereof accordingly. How Hispa

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the whole of the island of njola shall be considered un.

Hispaniola shall for the purposes of this act be considered as a depender this act.

dency of the French Republic: Provided, that nothing herein contained shall be deemed to repeal or annul in any part, the order or proclamation of the President of the United States, heretofore issued for permitting commercial intercourse with certain ports of that island.

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for the instruct the pub- President of the United States, to give instructions to the public armed to stop vessels vessels of the United States, to stop and examine any ship or vessel of contravening the United States on the high sea, which there may be reason to suspect

to be engaged in any traffic or commerce contrary to this act, and if upon examination, it shall appear that such ship or vessel is bound or sailing to, or from any port or place, contrary to the true intent and meaning of this act, it shall be the duty of the commander of such public armed vessel, to seize every ship or vessel engaged in such illicit commerce, and send the same to the nearest convenient port of the United States, to be there prosecuted in due course of law, and held

liable to the penalties and forfeitures provided by this act. Penalties may

Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That all penalties and forfeitures be mitigated,

incurred by force of this act, shall, and may be examined, mitigated and remitted in like manner, and under the like conditions, regulations

and restrictions, as are prescribed, authorized and directed by the act, Vol. i. 506. intituled “An act to provide for mitigating, or remitting, the forfeitures, Distribution of penalties and disabilities accruing in certain cases therein mentioned;" penalties.

and all penalties and forfeitures, which may be recovered in pursuance of this act in consequence of any seizure made by the commander of

any public armed vessel of the United States, shall be distributed accordVol. i. 715. ing to the rules prescribed by the act, intituled “An act for the govern

ment of the navy of the United States;" and all other penalties arising

under this act, and which may be recovered, shall be distributed and Vol. i. 697. accounted for in the manner prescribed by the act, intituled “An act

to regulate the collection of duties on imports and tonnage." President may

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That nothing contained in this grant permis

act shall extend to any ship or vessel to which the President of the sion to enter and clear in certain United States shall grant a permission to enter and clear; provided such

ship or vessel shall be solely employed, pursuant to such permission, for purposes of national intercourse; and shall not be permitted to proceed with, or to bring to the United States any cargo or lading whatever

other than necessary sea-stores. Former act SEC. 11. And be it further cnacted, That the act, intituled “ An continued in

act further to suspend the commercial intercourse between the United part. Vo), i. 613, States and France, and the dependencies thereof,” shall be, and is here

by continued and shall be taken to be in force in respect to all offences, which shall have been committed against the same, before the expiration thereof; and to the intent that all seizures, forfeitures and penalties arising upon such offences, may be had, sued for, prosecuted and recovered, any limitation of the said act to the contrary hereof notwith

standing Limitation of Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That this act shall be and remain this act.

in force until the third day of March, one thousand eight hundred and one: Provided, however, the expiration thereof shall not prevent of

cases.

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deseat any seizure, or prosecution for a forfeiture incurred under this act, and during the continuance thereof.

APPROVED, February 27, 1800.

STATUTE I.

cause an

enu

enumerated.

They may ap.

Chap. XII.-An Act providing for the second Census or enumeration of the In Feb. 28, 1800. habitants of the United States.(a)

(Obsolete.] Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives Marshals of of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that the mar- the districts and shals of the several districts of the United States and the secretaries of

secretaries of

the territories to the territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio, and of the Mississippi territory, respectively, shall be, and they are hereby meration to be

taken. authorized and required, under the direction of the Secretary of State, and according to such instructions as he shall give pursuant to this act, 10 cause the number of the inhabitants within their respective districts and territories to be taken; omitting in such enumeration, Indians not Indians not taxed, and distinguishing free persons, including those bound to service taxed not to be for a term of years from all others; distinguishing also the sexes and colours of free persons and the free males under ten years of age; those of ten years and under sixteen; those of sixteen and under twenty-six; those of twenty-six and under forty-five; those of forty-five and upwards: and distinguishing free females under ten years of age; those of ten years and under sixteen; those of sixteen and under twenty-six ; those of twenty-six and under forty-five; those of forty-five and upwards: for effecting which purpose, the marshals and secretaries aforesaid shall have power to appoint as many assistants within their respective districts and territories, as aforesaid, as to them shall appear necessary; assigning to point assistants. each assistant a certain division of his district or territory, which division shall consist of one or more counties, cities, towns, townships, hundreds or parishes, or of a territory plainly and distinctly bounded by water-courses, mountains or public roads. The marshals or secretaries, as the case may be, and their assistants, shall, respectively, take an oath or affirmation, before some judge or justice of the peace, resident within their respective districts or territories, previous to their entering on the discharge of the duties by this act required. The oath or affirmation of the marshal or secretary shall be, "I, A. B., marshal of the district of taken by the (or secretary of the territory of

as the marshals, secre.

taries and their case may be), do solemnly swear or affirm, that I will well and truly

assistants. cause to be made, a just and perfect enumeration and description of all persons resident within my district or territory, and return the same to the Secretary of State, agreeably to the directions of an act of Congress, intituled an act providing for the enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States,' according to the best of my ability.” The oath or affirmation of an assistant shall be, · I, A. B., do solemnly swear, (or affirm) 1800, ch. 23. that I will make a just and perfect enumeration and description of alí persons resident within the division assigned to me by the marshal of the district of

(or the secretary of the territory of as the case may be), and make due return thereof to the said marshal, or secretary, agreeably to the directions of an act of Congress, intituled ‘an act providing for the enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States,' according to the best of my abilities.” The enumeration shall

Commence commence on the first Monday of August next, and shall close within ment and close

of the enumera. nine calendar months thereafter. The several assistants shall, within the said nine months, transmit to the marshal or secretaries, by whom they shall be respectively appointed, accurate returns of all persons, except Indians not taxed, within their respective divisions; which returns shall be made in a schedule, distinguishing in each county, parish, town

Oath to be

tion.

Assistants to make returns.

(@) See note to act of March 1, 1790, chap. 22, Vol. i. 101.

turns.

Form of re. ship, town or city, the several families, by the names of their master,

mistress, steward, overseer or other principal person therein, in the manner following; that is to say: the number of persons within my division, consisting of

appears in a schedule hereto annexed, subscribed by me this

A. B., assistant to the marshal of

or to the secretary of

day of

Schedule of the whole number of persons within the division allotted to A. B.

Name of county, parish, town-
ship, town, or city where the

family resides.
Name of head of family.
Free white males under ten

years of age.
Free white males of ten and

under sixteen.
Free white males of sisteen
and under twenty-six, in-

cluding heads of families.
Free white males of twenty-
six and under forty-five, in-

cluding beads of families.
Free white males of forty-
five and upwards, including

heads of families.
Free white females under ten

years of age.
Free white females of ten

years and under sixteen.
Free white females of sixteen
and under twenty-six, in-

cluding heads of families.
Free white females of twenty-
six and under forty-five, in.

cluding heads of families.
Free white females of forty-
five and upwards, includingö

heads of families.
All other free persons, except to
Indians, not taxed.

Slaves.

returns

State.

Penalty on as

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That every assistant, failing to sistants making make a proper return, or making a false return of the enumeration to no return, or a the marshal or the secretary (as the case may be) within the time by false one.

this act limited, shall forfeit the sum of two hundred dollars. Marshals and Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the marshal and secretaries secretaries to shall file the several returns aforesaid, with the clerks of their respective file their assist district or superior courts (as the case may be) who are hereby directed with the clerks to receive and carefully preserve the same: and the marshals, or secreof certain taries, respectively, shal), on or before the first day of September, one courts, and make aggregate

thousand eight hundred and one, transmit to the Secretary of State, the to the aggregate amount of each description of persons within their respective Secretary or districts or territories. And every marshal or secretary failing to file

the returns of his assistants or any of them, with the clerks of their respective courts as aforesaid, or failing to return the aggregate amount of each description of persons in their respective districts or territories, as the same shall appear from said returns, to the Secretary of State, within the time limited by this act, shall, for every such offence, forfeit the sum of eight hundred dollars; all which forfeitures shall be recoverable in the courts of the districts or territories where the offences shall be committed, or in the circuit courts to be held within the same, by action of debt, information or indictment; the one half thereof to the use of the United States, and the other half to the informer; but where the prosecution shall be first instituted on behalf of the United States,

the whole shall accrue to their use. And for the more effectual discoCertain judges very of offences, the judges of the several district courts in the several to give this act districts, and of the supreme courts, in the territories of the United in charge to the grand juries.

States, as aforesaid, at their next sessions, to be held after the expiration of the time allowed for making the returns of the enumeration hereby directed, to the Secretary of State, shall give this act in charge to the grand juries, in their respective courts, and shall cause the returns

of the several assistants to be laid before them for their inspection. Compensation Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That every assistant shall receive

at the rate of one dollar, for every hundred persons by him returned, where such persons reside in the country, and where such persons reside in a city or town, containing more than three thousand persons, such

to assistants.

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