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ACTS OF THE SIXTH CONGRESS

OF THE

UNITED STATES,

Passed at the second session, which was begun and held at the City of

Washington, in the District of Columbia, on Monday, the seventeenth

day of November, 1800, and ended on the third day of March, 1801. Join ADAMS, President; THOMAS JEFFERSON, Vice President of the

United States, and President of the Senate; JAMES HILLHOUSE,
President of the Senate pro tempore, from the 2d of March, 1801 ;
THEODORE SEDGWICK, Speaker of the House of Representatives.

STATUTE II. Dec. 15, 1800. Cuap. I.-- An Act extending the privilege of franking letters to the Delegate from

the Territory of the United States, northwest of the river Ohio ; and making (Obsolete.] provision for his compensation.

Privilege of franking letters

Section 1. Be it cnacted by the Senate and House of Representatives to the delegate of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the prefrom the terriz sent delegate to Congress from the territory of the United States, northof the river Ohio. west of the river Ohio, and every future delegate from the said territory,

shall be entitled to the privilege of sending and receiving letters, free of postage, on the same terms, and under the same restrictions, as are provided for the members of the Senate and of the House of Representatives of the United States, by the act intituled “ An act to establish

the post-office of the United States." Delegate to SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the present delegate from receive letters

the aforesaid territory be authorized to receive, free of postage, under free of postage. the said restrictions, any letters directed to him, and which shall have

arrived at the seat of government, prior to the passage of this act. Compensation Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said delegate, and every to delegate from future delegate from the territory of the United States, northwest of the

river Ohio, shall receive for his travelling expenses and attendance in

Congress, the same compensation as is, or may be allowed, by law, to 1796, ch. 3.

the members of the House of Representatives of the United States; to be certified and paid in the same manner.

APPROVED, December 15, 1800.

Vol. i. 733.

STATUTE IT.

Jan. 30, 1801. CHAP. III.-An Act to provide for the erection and support of a Lighthouse on

Cape Poge, at the northeasterly purt of Martha's Vineyard. Lighthouse to SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa he erected on tives of the United States of America in Congress assemblid, Tha Cape Poge.

the Secretary of the Treasury shall be, and he is hereby authorized and directed to cause a suslicient lighthouse to be erected on Cape Poge (si called) on Martha's Vineyard, in the state of Massachusetts, and t appoint a keeper, and otherwise to provide for the support of such ligh house at the expense of the United States: Provided, that sufficier land for the accommodation of such lighthouse, together with the juri diction thereof, shall be duly and legally granted to, and rested in th United States.

88

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be, and hereby is Appropriation.
appropriated for the erection of said lighthouse on Cape Poge, a sum
not exceeding two thousand dollars, to be paid out of any monies which
may be in the treasury of the United States, not otherwise appropriated.

APPROVED, January 30, 1801.

STATUTE II

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Feb. 13, 1801.
Chap. IV.-An Act to provide for the more convenient organization of the Courts
of the United States.

Repealed by

Act of April 29, Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represen- 1802, ch. 31. tatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Terms of the from and after the next session of the Supreme Court of the United Supreme Court. States, the said court shall be holden by the justices thereof, or any four

be holden at the
of them, at the city of Washington, and shall have two sessions in each city of Washing-
and every year thereafter, to commence on the first Monday of June and ton, by four jus-
December respectively; and that if four of the said justices shall not

To adjourn if
attend within ten days after the times hereby appointed for the com- four justices do
mencement of the said sessions respectively, the said court shall be con-
tinued over till the next stated session thereof: Provided always, that

One or more

of the justices
any one or more of the said justices, attending as aforesaid, shall have

attending may
power to make all necessary orders touching any suit, action, appeal, make rules and
writ of error, process, pleadings, or proceeding, returned to the said orders respect-
court or depending therein, preparatory to the hearing, trial or deci- ing courts, &c.
sion of such action, suit, appeal, writ of error, process, pleadings or
proceedings.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the said court shall have
power, and is hereby authorized, to issue writs of prohibition, manda- power to issue
mus, scire facias, habeas corpus, certiorari, procedendo, and all other certain writs.
writs not specially provided for by statute, which may be necessary for
the exercise of its jurisdiction, and agreeable to the principles and

The court to
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That from and after the next va-
cancy that shall happen in the said court, it shall consist of five justices justices after

the next vacan.
only; that is to say, of one chief justice, and four associate justices.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That for the better establishment

Division of the
of the circuit courts of the United States, the said states shall be, and states into dis-

tricts in relation
hereby are divided into districts, in manner following; that is to say, to

the Circuit
one to consist of that part of the state of Massachusetts, which is called Courts.
the district of Maine, and to be called the district of Maine; one to Maine.
consist of the state of New Hampshire, and to be called the district of

New Hamp-
New Hampshire; one to consist of the remaining part of the state of shire,
Massachusetts, and to be called the district of Massachusetts; one to
consist of the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, and to Rhode Island.
be called the district of Rhode Island; one to consist of the state of
Connecticut, and to be called the district of Connecticut; one to con Connecticut,
sist of the state of Vermont, and to be called the district of Vermont; Vermont.
one to consist of that part of the state of New York which lies north of New York,
the counties of Dutchess and Ulster, and to be called the district of Al-
bany; one to consist of the remaining part of the state of New York,
and to be called the district of New York; one to consist of the state
of New Jersey, and to be called the district of Jersey; one to consist of New Jersey.
that part of the state of Pennsylvania which lies east of the river Susque Pennsylvania,
hanna, and the northeast branch thereof, to the line betwixt Northum-
berland and Luzerne counties; thence westwardly along said line, be-
twixt Northumberland and Luzerne, and betwixt Luzerne and Lycom-
ing counties, until the same strikes the line of the state of New York,
and to be called the Eastern district of Pennsylvania; one to consist of
the remaining part of the state of Pennsylvania, and to be called the

VOL. II.-12

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tricts.

Delaware. Western district of Pennsylvania; one to consist of the state of Delaware,

and to be called the district of Delaware; one to consist of the state of Maryland. Maryland, and to be called the district of Maryland; one to consist of Virginia. that part of the state of Virginia, which lies to the eastward of a line to

be drawn from the river Potomac at Harper's ferry, along the Blue Ridge,

with the line which divides the counties on the east side thercof from North Carolina. those on the west side thereof, to the North Carolina line, to be called the

Eastern district of Virginia; one to consist of the remaining part of the said state of Virginia, to be called the Western district of Virginia; one

to consist of the state of North Carolina, and to be called the district of South Carolina. North Carolina; one to consist of the state of South Carolina, and to be

called the district of South Carolina; one to consist of the state of Georgia. Georgia, and to be called the district of Georgia; one to consist of that Tennessee. part of the state of Tennessee which lies on the east side of Cumberland

mountain, and to be called the district of East Tennessee; one to consist

of the remaining part of said state, and to be called the district of West Kentucky. Tennessee; one to consist of the state of Kentucky, and to be called the

district of Kentucky; and one to consist of the territory of the United Ohio. States northwest of the Ohio, and the Indiana territory, and to be called

the district of Ohio. Waters and Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That where any two adjoining mountains to be considered as

districts of the United States shall be divided from each other, in whole within both the or in part, by any river, bay, water, water-course or mountain, the whole adjoining dis.

width of such river, bay, water, water-course or mountain, as the case may be, shall be taken and deemed, to all intents and purposes, to be

within both of the districts so to be divided thereby. Classification Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the said districts shall be of the districts classed into six circuits in manner following; that is to say: The first into six circuits.

circuit shall consist of the districts of Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island; the second, of the districts of Connecticut, Vermont, Albany and New York; the third, of the districts of Jersey, the Eastern and Western districts of Pennsylvania, and Delaware; the fourth, of the districts of Maryland, and the Eastern and Western districts of Virginia; the fifth, of the districts of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia; and the sixth, of the districts of East Tennessee,

West Tennessee, Kentucky, and Ohio. Three judges

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That there shall be in each of the to be appointed aforesaid circuits, except the sixth circuit, three judges of the United except the sixth States, to be called circuit judges, one of whom shall be commissioned

as chief judge; and that there shall be a circuit court of the United States, in and for each of the aforesaid circuits, to be composed of the circuit judges within the five first circuits respectively, and in the sixth circuit, by a circuit judge, and the judges of the district courts of Kentucky and Tennessee; the duty of all of whom it shall be to attend, but any two of whom shall form a quorum; and that each and every of the said circuit courts shall hold two sessions annually, at the times and places

following, in and for each district contained within their several circuits Times of hold. respectively; that is to say, the circuit court of the first circuit, at Proing the circuit vidence on the eighth day of May, and at Newport on the first day of

November, in and for the district of Rhode Island; at Boston, in and Massachusetts, for the district of Massachusetts, on the twenty-second day of May and

fifteenth day of October; at Portsmouth on the eighth day of June, and New Hamp. at Exeter on the twenty-ninth day of September, in and for the district shire.

of New Hampshire; in and for the district of Maine, at Portland on the Maine.

fifteenth day of June, and at Wiscasset on the twenty-second day of September. The circuit court of the second circuit, at New Haven on

the fifteenth day of April, and at Hartford, on the twenty-fifth day of Connecticut. September, in and for the district of Connecticut; at Windsor on the Vermont. fifth day of May, and at Rutland on the fifteenth day of October, in and

circuit.

courts,

New York two

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East Tennes

West Tennessee.

for the district of Vermont; at the city of Albany, in and for the dis-
trict of Albany, on the twentieth day of May and twenty-fifth day of districts.
October; at the city of New York, in and for the district of New York,
on the fifth day of June and the tenth day of November. The circuit
court of the third circuit, at Trenton, in and for the district of Jersey, New Jersey.
on the second days of May and October; at the city of Philadelphia, in
and for the Eastern district of Pennsylvania, on the eleventh day of May Pennsylvania.
and eleventh day of October; at Bedford, in and for the Western district
of Pennsylvania, on the twenty-fifth day of June and twenty-fifth day of
November; and at Dover, in and for the district of Delaware, on the Delaware.
third day of June and twenty-seventh day of October. The circuit court
of the fourth circuit, at Baltimore, in and for the district of Maryland, Maryland.
on the twentieth day of March and fifth day of November; at Lexington
in Rockbridge county, in and for the Western district of Virginia, on Virginia
the fifth day of April and twentieth day of November; and at the city
of Richmond, in and for the Eastern district of Virginia, on the twenty-
fifth day of April, and fifth day of December. The circuit court of the
fifth circuit

, at Raleigh, in and for the district of North Carolina, on the North Carolina,
first day of June and the first day of November; at Charleston on the
sixth day of May, and at Columbia on the thirtieth day of November, in
and for the district of South Carolina; at Savannah on the tenth day of South Carolina.
April, and at Augusta on the fifteenth day of December, in and for the
district of Georgia; and the circuit court of the sixth circuit, at Knox Georgia.
ville

, in and for the district of East Tennessee, on the twenty-fifth day of March and twenty-fifth day of September; at Nashville, in and for the sce, district of West Tennessee, on the twentieth day of April and twentieth day of October; and at Bairdstown, in and for the district of Kentucky, Kentucky. on the fifteenth day of May and fifteenth day of November; and at Cincinnati in and for the district of Ohio, on the tenth day of June and on Ohio. the tenth day of December; and so on the several days and at the several places aforesaid, in each and every year afterwards: Provided always, that when any of the said days shall happen on Sunday, then the said court hereby directed to be holden on such day, shall be holden on the next day thereafter; and provided also, that there shall be appointed, in the sixth circuit, a judge of the United States, to be called a circuit Sixth Circuit. judge, who together with the district judges of Tennessee and Kentucky, shall hold the circuit courts, hereby directed to be holden, within the said circuit; and that whenever the office of district judge, in the districts of Kentucky and Tennessee respectively, shall become vacant, such vacancies shall respectively be supplied by the appointment of two additional circuit judges, in the said circuit, who, together with the circuit judge first aforesaid, shall compose the circuit court of the said circuit.

Sec. 8. Provided always, and be it further enacted, That the said circuit courts hereby established shall have power, and hereby are

courts may hold

special sessions. authorized, to hold special sessions, for the trial of criminal causes, at any other time or times than is hereby dir ted, at their discretion. Sec. 9. And provided also, and be it further enacted, That if in the

Ajudge of the opinion of any judge of any of the said circuit courts, it shall be danger- circuit court ous to hold the next stated session of such court, for any district within may alter

place of its the circuit to which such judge shall belong, at the place by law appointed meeting. for holding the same; it shall be lawful for such judge to issue his order, under his hand and seal, to the marshal of such court, directing him to adjourn the said session, to such other place within the same district as the said judge shall deem convenient; which said marshal shall, thereupon, adjourn the said court pursuant to such order, by making, in one or more public papers, printed within the said district, publication of such order and adjournment, from the time when he shall receive such order to the time appointed by law for commencing such stated

The circuit

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courts.

session: and that the court so to be held, according to, and by virtue of such adjournment, shall have the same powers and authorities, and shall proceed in the same manner, as if the same had been held at the place appointed by law for that purpose.

Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That the circuit courts shall have, ers of the cir. and hereby are invested with, all the powers heretofore granted by law

,

to the circuit courts of the United States, unless where otherwise provided

by this act. Subjects of the Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That the said circuit courts recognizance of spectively shall have cognizance of all crimes and offences cognizable the circuit

under the authority of the United States, and committed within their respective districts, or upon the high seas; and also of all cases in law or equity, arising under the constitution and laws of the United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority; and also of all actions, or suits of a civil nature, at common law, or in equity, where the United States shall be plaintiffs or complainants; and also of all seizures on land or water, and all penalties and forfeitures, made, arising or accruing under the laws of the United States; which cognizance of all penalties and forfeitures, shall be exclusively of the state courts, in the said circuit courts, where the offence, by which the penalty or forfeiture is incurred, shall have been committed within fifty miles of the place of holding the said courts; and also of all actions, or suits, matters or things cognizable by the judicial authority of the United States, under and by virtue of the constitution thereof, where the matter in dispute shall amount to four hundred dollars, and where original jurisdiction is not given by the constitution of the United States to the supreme court thereof, or exclusive jurisdiction by law to the district courts of the United States: Provided always, that in all cases where the title, or bounds of land shall come into question, the jurisdiction of the said circuit courts shall not be restrained, by reason of the value of

the land in dispute, Circuit courts Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the said circuit courts reand judges to spectively shall have cognizance concurrently with the district courts, of have cognizance all cases which shall arise, within their respective circuits, under the act rupt law.

to establish an uniform system of bankruptcy throughout the United States; and that each circuit judge, within his respective circuit, shall and may perform all and singular the duties enjoined by the said act, upon a judge of a district court: and that the proceedings under a commission of bankruptcy, which shall issue from a circuit judge, shall in all respects be conformable to the proceedings under a commission of bankruptcy, which shall issue from a district judge, mutatis mutandis.

Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That where any action or suit may be removed shall be, or shall have been commenced, in any state court within the frontsibe state United States, against an alien, or by a citizen or citizens of the state

in which such suit or action shall be, or shall have been commenced against a citizen or citizens of another state, and the matter in dispute, except in cases where the title or bounds of land shall be in question, shall exceed the sum or value of four hundred dollars, exclusive of costs,

and the defendant or defendants in such suit or action shall be personally Manner of re. served with the original process therein, or shall appear thereto; or

where, in any suit or action, so commenced or to be commenced, final judgment, for a sum exceeding four hundred dollars, exclusive of costs, sha]] have been rendered in such state court, against such defendant or defendants, without return of personal service on him, her, or them, of the original process in such suit or action, and without an appearance thereto, by him, her, or them, and a writ of error, or writ of review, shall be brought by such defendant or defendants, in such state court, to reverse the said judgment; or where any suit or action shall have been, or slia}} be commenced in any such court, against any person or

Certain suits

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