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Positive. Comparative. Superlative.
Further, Farther, Farthest,


Latest, referring

to time.)

Last, (in order.] Little, Less,

Least. Much, or many, More,

Most. Near, Nearer, Nearest, [Refer

ring to place.

Next [in order.) Old,

Older, Elder, Oldest, Eldest,

N. B. Elder and eldest are applied to persons ; and, according to the best usage, only in comparing members of the same family. Thusman elder brother, the eldest sister: but-Wellington was little older than Napoleon; the oldest street in the town. -D'Orsey.

Some adjectives in the superlative degree are formed by adding most to the comparative, or to the word, from which the comparative itself is made; as, hind, hinder, hindermost or hindmost : nether, nethermost: up, uppermost or upmost: in, innermost, or inmost.

Diminution of quality is expressed by less and least, whether the adjective be of one syllable or more than one; as, bold, less bold, least bold.

5. There seems to be no good reason for joining an and other. An here excludes any other article: and analogy and consistency require that the words be separated. Their union has sometimes led to an

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improper repetition of the article; as, “ Another such a man,” for “ An other such inan.”

6. The pronoun you was originally plural in sig. nification, but it is now universally employed in popular discourse to represent either a singular or a plural noun. No usage

of our language is more fully established than that, which recognizes you as the representative of nouns in the singular number.

Brightland, one of the earliest of our English grammarians, who wrote in 1710, classes you with the singular pronouns I, thou and he. Greenwood, in his celebrated grammar, which appeared the following year, says—Thou or you is of the second person singular.” The same opinion was entertained by many other grammatical writers of the last century.

Lindley Murray's Grammar first appeared in 1795. Following the practice of the Society of Friends,—the community, in which he was educated,--he restricted you to the plural number; and such was the influence of his example that this word was, for a time, very generally excluded from the list of singular pronouns.

There has, however, always existed a respectable class of authors, who have treated this pronoun you as singular, when used to personate an individual: and, during the last forty years, the number of this class has very rapidly increased.

“ It is altogether absurd to consider you as exclusively a plural pronoun in the modern English language.


may be a matter of history, that it was

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originally used as a plural only: and it may be a a matter of theory, that it was first applied to individuals on a principle of flattery: but the fact is, that it is now our second person singular. When applied to an individual, it never excites any idea either of plurality or of adulation : but excites, precisely and exactly, the idea, that was excited by the use of thou, in an earlier stage of the language." --Jeffrey, in the Edinburgh Review.

“If a word, once exclusively plural, becomes, by universal use, the sign of individuality, it must take its place in the singular number. That this is the fact with you, is proved by national usage.”- Web

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7. The “ Society of Friends” profess to use thou in addressing a single individual-many of them, however, (perhaps from an idea that it is less formal,] misemploy thee for thou, and often join it to the third person of the verb, instead of the second. Such expressions as so thee does, thee is, thee has, · thee thinks,&c., are double solecisms; they set all grammar at defiance. We have, however, in Scripture, an instance of similar inaccuracy : “For thou shalt eat the labor of thine hands; O well is thee (that is to say, O thee is well,] and happy shalt thou be.”—Psalm cxxviii. 2. Prayer Book Translation. 8. Never say “I have come”-“ He has risen"

They were once in good circumstances, but have now fallen ”_but “ I am come”-“He is risen”They were, &c., but are now fallen.” 9. We nearly always see can and not written as

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one word : thus, cannot. This is not always correct. The rule for the junction or non-junction is very simple : When

power is denied, can and not are united to prevent ambiguity : as, “I cannot go.But when the power is affirmed, and something else is denied, the words are written separately : as, “ The Christian apologist can not merely expose the utter baseness of the infidel assertion, but he has also positive ground for erecting an opposite and confronting assertion in its place."

10. When adjectives are connected, and the qualities belong to things individually different, though of the same name, the article should be repeated : as,

" A black and a white horse." When adjectives are connected, and the qualities all belong to the same thing or things, the article should not be repeated: as, “A black and white horse.” N.B. By a repetition of the article before several adjectives in the same construction, a repetition of the noun is implied ; but without a repetition of the article the adjectives are confined to one and the same noun.

To avoid repetition, inconsistent qualities are sometimes joined to a plural noun : as, “ The old and new testaments,” for The old and the new testament."

11. Were is sometimes used for would be or should be: : as,

“ Ah! what were man should Heaven refuse to hear ?"

Had is also occasionally employed for would have or should have: as, “I had not known sin but by the law."

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12. The verb need is often used in the third person singular of the indicative present, without the personal termination : as, “ The truth need not be disguised :") “ There was one condition, which need not be mentioned.”

13. When the article a or an is placed before the words few or little, it'generally changes their meaning from negative to positive. Thus, when we say,

, There were few persons present,” the word few is used in a negative sense, in distinction from many, to denote the smallness of the number. But when we say, “There were a few persons present,” the word few is used in a positive sense, in distinction from none, to denote that there were some persons present. The expressions, “ He needs little aid,” and “He needs a little aid," serve also to illustrate this remark.

14. When two nouns following a comparative refer to different persons or things, the article should bo repeated before the second noun : but when the two nouns refer to the same person or thing, the article should not be repeated. Thus, in the sentence, “ He is a better soldier than a scholar,” the terms soldier and scholar relate properly to different individuals, and it is implied that he is a better soldier

a than a scholar would be. But, in the sentence, “He is a better soldier than scholar," the terms soldier and scholar are limited to one individual, and it is implied that he is better in the capacity of a soldier than in that of a scholar.

15. Adjectives, that imply unity or plurality, must agree with their nouns in number: as, That sort ;" “ Those sorts.” Never say, “ Those sort of persons -a very common expression.

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