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Apocrypha. Lydia, and of the goodliest countries, which; shall keep their covenants without taking any they took of him, and gave to king Eumenes: thing therefor.

9 Moreover how the Grecians had deter- ! 27 In tho same manner also, if war come mined to come and destroy them;

first upon the nation of the Jews, the Romans 10 And that they, having knowledge there- shall help them with all their heart, according of, sent against them a certain captain, and as the time shall be appointed them : fighting with them slew many of them, and 28 Neither shall victuals be given to them carried away captives their wives and their that take part against them, or weapons, or children, and spoiled them, and took possession money, or ships, as it hath seemed good to the of their lands, and pulled down their strong Romans; but they shall keep their covenants, holds, and brought them to be their servants and that without deceit. unto this day:

29 According to these articles did the Ro11 It was told him beside, how they de- mans make a covenant with the people of the stroyed and brought under their dominion all Jews. other kingdoms and isles that at any time re- 30 Howbeit, if hereafter the one party or the sisted them;

other shall think meet to add or diminish any 12 But with their friends and such as relied thing, they may do it at their pleasures, and upon them they kept amity : and that they had whatsoever they shall add or take away shall be conquered kingdoms both far and nigh, inso- (ratified. much as all that heard of their name were 31 And as touching the evils that Demetrius afraid of them :

doeth to the Jews, we have written unto him, 13 Also that, whom they would help to a saying, Wherefore hast thou made thy yoké kingdom, those reign; and whom again they heavy upon our friends and confederates the would, they displace : finally, that they were Jews? greatly exalted : '

| 32 If therefore they complain any more 14 Yet for all this none of them wore a against thee, we will do them justice, and fight crown, or was clothed in purple, to be magni- with thee by sea and by land. fied thereby :

CHAP. IX. 15 Moreover how they had made for them. LURTHERMORE, when Demetrius heard selves a senate-house, wherein three hundred T that Nicanor and his host were slain in and twenty men sat in council daily, consult- battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the ing alway for the people, to the end they might land of Judea the second time, and with them be well ordered :

the chief strength of his host : 16 And that they committed their governo 2 Who went forth by the way that leadeth ment to one man every year, who ruled over all to Galgala, and pitched their tents before Matheir country, and that all were obedient to that saloth, which is in Arbela, and after they had one, and that there was neither envy nor emu- won it, they slew much people. lation among them.

| 3 Also the first month of the hundred fifty 17 In consideration of these things, Judas and second year they encamped before Jeruchose Eupolemus the son of John, the son of salem : Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and sent 4 From whence they removed and went to them to Rome, to make a league of amity and Berea, with twenty thousand footmen, and two confederacy with them,

thousand horsemen. 18 And to entreat them that they would take 5 Now Judas had pitched his tents at Eleasa, the yoke from them; for they saw that the and three thousand chosen men with him : kingdom of the Grecians did oppress Israel with 6 Who seeing the multitude of the other servitude.

army to be so great, were sore afraid; where19 They went therefore to Rome, which upon many conveyed themselves out of the was a very great journey, and came into the host, insomuch as there abode of them no more senate, where they spake and said,

but eight hundred men. 20 Judas Maccabeus with his brethren, and 7 When Judas therefore saw that his host the people of the Jews, have sent us unto you, slipped away, and that the battle pressed upon to make a confederacy and peace with you, and him, he was sore troubled in mind, and much that we might be registered your confederates distressed, for that he had no tiine to gather and friends.

them together. 21 So that matter pleased the Romans well. 8 Nevertheless, unto them that remained, he

22 And this is the copy of the epistle which said, Let us arise and go up against our enethe senate wrote back again on tables of brass, mies, if peradventure we may be able to fight and sent to Jerusalem, that there they might with them. have by them a memorial of peace and con- 9 But they dehorted him, saying, We shall federacy.

never be able : let us now rather save our lives, 23 Good success be to the Romans, and to and hereafter we will return with our brethe people of the Jews, by sea and by land for thren, and fight against them: for we are but ever: the sword also and enemy be far from few. them.

| 10 Then Judas said, God forbid that I should 24 If there come first any war upon the do this thing, and flee away from them ; if our Romans or any of their confederates through- time be come, let us die manfully for our brea out all their dominion,

thren, and let us not stain our honour. 25 The people of the Jews shall help them, 11 With that the host of Bacchides removed as the time shall be appointed, with all their out of their tents, and stood over against them, heart:

I their horsemen being divided into two troops, 26 Neither shall they give any thing unto and their slingers and archers going before the them that make war upon them, or aid them host, and they thai marched in the foreward with victuals, weapons, money, or ships, as it were all mighty men. hath seemed good unto the Romans; but they! 12 As for Bacchides, he was in the right


Apocrypha. wing: so the host drew near on the two parts, 137 After this came word to Jonathan and and sounded their trumpets.

Simon his brother, that the children of Jambri 13 They also of Judas' side, even they sounded made a great marriage, and were bringing the their trumpets also, so that the earth shook at bride from Nadabatha with a great train, as the noise of the armies, and the battle continued being the daughter of one of the great princes from morning till night.

of Chanaan. 14 Now when Judas perceived that Bac- 38 Therefore they remembered John their chides and the strength of his army were on the brother, and went up, and hid themselves un. right side, he took with him all the hardy men, der the covert of the mountain:

15 Who discomfited the right wing, and pur- 39 Where they lifted up their eyes, and looksued them unto the mount Azotus.

ed, and behold, there was much ado and great 16 But when they of the left wing saw that carriage : and the bridegroom came forth, and they of the right wing were discomfited, they his friends and brethren, to meet them with followed upon Judas and those that were with drums, and instruments of music, and many him hard at the heels from behind :

weapons. 17 Whereupon there was a sore battle, inso- 40 Then Jonathan and they that were with much as many were slain on both parts. him rose up against them from the place where

18 Judas also was killed, and the remnant they lay in ambush, and made a slaughter of fled.

them in such sort, as many fell down dead, and 19 Then Jonathan and Simon took Judas the remnant fled into the mountain, and they their brother, and buried him in the sepulchre took all their spoils. of his fathers in Modin.

141 Thus was the marriage turned into 20 Moreover they bewailed him, and all Is- mourning, and the noise of their melody into rael made great lamentation for him, and mourn- lamentation. ed many days, saying,

42 So when they had avenged fully the 21. How is the valiant man fallen, that de- blond of their brother, they turned again to the livered Israel!

inarsh of Jordan. . 22 As for the other things concerning Judas 43 Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he and his wars, and the noble acts which he did, came on the sabbath-day unto the banks of Jorand his greatness, they are not written: for dan with a great power. they were very many.

44 Then Jonathan said to his company, Let 23 Now after the death of Judas, the wicked us go up now and fight for our lives, for it began to put forth their heads in all the coasts standeth not with us to-day, as in time past : of Israel, and there arose up all such as wrought 45 For, behold, the battle is before us and iniquity.

behind us, and the water of Jordan on this side 24 In those days also was there a very great and that side, the marsh likewise and wood, famine, by reason whereof the country revolted neither is there place for us to turn aside. and went with them.

46 Wherefore cry ye now unto heaven, that 25 Then Bacchides chose the wicked men, ye may be delivered from the hand of your and made them lords of the country.

enemies. 26 And they made inquiry and search for 47 With that they joined battle, and JonaJudas' friends, and brought them unto Bac-than stretched forth his hand to smite Bacchides, who took vengeance of them, and used chides, but he turned back from him. them despitefully.

48 Then Jonathan and they that were with 27 So was there a great affliction in Israel, him leaped into Jordan, and swam over unto the like whereof was not since the time that a the farther bank : howbeit the other passed not prophet was not seen among them.

over Jordan unto them. 23 For this cause all Judas' friends came to-. 49 So there were slain of Bacchides' side gether, and said unto Jonathan,

that day about a thousand men. 29 Since thy brother Judas died, we have no 50 Afterward returned Bacchides to Jerus. snan like him to go forth ininst our enemies,/lem, and repaired the strong cities in Judes; and Bacchides, and against them of our nation the fort in Jericho, and Emmaus, and Beththat are adversaries to us.

Thoron, and Bethel, and Thamnatha. Pharathoni. 30 Now therefore we have chosen thee this and Taphon, these did he strengthen with high day to be our prince and captain in his stead, walls, with gates, and with bars. that thou mayest fight our battles.

51 And in them he set a garrison, that they 31 Upon this Jonathan took the governance might work malice upon Israel. upon him at that time, and rose up instead of 32 He fortifed also the city Bethsura, and his brother Judas.

Gazara, and the tower, and put forces in them, 32 But when Bacchides gat knowledge there- and provision of victuals. of, he sought for to slay him.

53 Besides, he took the chief men's sons in 33 Then Jonathan, and Simon his brother, the country for hostages, and put them into the and all that were with him, perceiving that, tower at Jerusalem to be kept. fled into the wilderness of Thecoe, and pitched 54 Moreover in the hundred fifty and third their tents by the water of the pool Asphar. year, in the second month, Alcimus cominand

34 Which when Bacchides understood, heed that the wall of the inner court of the sanecame near to Jordan with all his host upon the tuary should be pulled down ; he pulled down sabbath-day.

also the works of the prophets. 35 Now Jonathan had sent his brother John, 55 And as he began to pull down, even at that a captain of the people, to pray his friends the time was Alcimus plagued, and his enterprises Nabathites, that they might leave with them hindered : for his mouth was stopped, and he was their carriage, which was much.

taken with a palsy, so that he could no more speak 36 But the children of Jainbri came out of any thing, nor give order concerning his house. Medaba, and took John, and all that he had, and 56 So Alcimus died at that time with great Went their way with it.



Apocrypha. 57 Now when Bacchides saw that Alcimus him, betore he join with Alexander against us : was dead, he returned to the king : whereupon 5 Else he will remember all the evils that the land of Judea was in rest two years. we have done against him, and against his

58 Then all the ungodly men held a coun- brethren and his people. cil, saying, Behold, Jonathan and his company 6 Wherefore he gave him authority to gather are at ease, and dwell without care : now there together an host, and to provide weapons, that fore we will bring Bacchides hither, who shall he might aid him in battle : he commanded also take them all in one night.

Ithat the hostages that were in the tower should 59 So they went and consulted with him. be delivered him...

60 Then removed he, and came with a great 7 Then came Jonathan to Jerusalem, and host, and sent letters privily to his adherents read the letters in the audience of all the peoin Judea, that they should take Jonathan and ple, and of them that were in the tower: those that were with him: howbeit they could s Who were sore afraid, when they heard not, because their counsel was known unto that the king had given him authority to gather them.

together an host. 61 Wherefore they took of the men of the 9 Whereupon they of the tower delivered country, that were quthors of that mischief, their hostages unto Jonathan, ond he delivered about fifty persons, and slew them.

them unto their parents. 62 Afterward Jonathan, and Simon, and they 10 This done, Jonathan settled himself in Jethat were with him, got them away to Beth- rusalem, and began to build and repair the city. basi, which is in the wilderness, and they re- 11 And he commanded the workmen to build paired the decays thereof, and made it strong. the walls and the mount Sion round about with

63 Which thing when Bacchides knew, he square stones for fortification ; and they did so. gathered together all his host, and sent word to 12 Then the strangers, that were in the forthem that were of Judea.

tresses which Bacchides had built, fled away; 64 Then went he and laid siege against Beth- 13 Insomuch as every man left his place, and basi; and they fought against it a long season, went into his own country. and made engines of war.

1 14 Only at Bethsura certain of those that 65 But Jonathan left his brother Simon in had forsaken the law and the commandments the city, and went forth himself into the coun- remained still: for it was their place of refuge. try, and with a certain number went he forth. 15 Now when king Alexander had heard

66 And he smote Odonarkes and his brethren, what promises Demetrius had sent unto Jonaand the children of Phasiron in their tent. than : when also it was told him of the battles

67 And when he began to smite them, and and noble acts which he and his brethren had came up with his forces, Simon and his com- done, and of the pains that they had endured, pany went out of the city, and burned up the 16 He said, Shall we find such another man? engines of war,

now therefore we will make him our friend and 68 And fought against Bacchides, who was confederate. discomfited by them, and they afflicted him sore: 17 Upon this he wrote a letter, and sent it for his counsel and travail was in vain. unto him, according to these words, saying,

69 Wherefore he was very wroth at the 18 King Alexander to his brother Jonathan wicked men that gave him counsel to come sendeth greeting: into the country, insomuch that he slew many 19 We have heard of thee, that thou art a of them, and purposed to return into his own man of great power, and meet to be our friend. country.

20 Wherefore now this day we ordain thee to 70 Whereof when Jonathan had knowledge, be the high priest of thy nation, and to be called he sent ambassadors unto him, to the end he the king's friend; (and therewithal he sent him should make peace with him, and deliver them a purple robe and a crown of gold :) and require the prisoners.

thee to take our part, and keep friendship with 71 Which thing he accepted, and did ac- us. cording to his demands, and sware unto him 21. So in the seventh month of the hundred that he would never do him harm all the days and sixtieth year, at the feast of the tabernaof his life.

cles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and gather72 When therefore he had restored unto him ed together forces, and provided much armour. the prisoners that he had taken aforetime out 22 Whereof when Demetrius heard, he was of the land of Judea, he returned and went his very sorry, and said, way into his own land, neither came he any 23 What have we done, that Alexander hath more into their borders.

Tprevented us in making amity with the Jews 73 Thus the sword ceased from Israel: but to strengthen himself? Jonathan dwelt at Machmas, and began to go- 24 I also will write unto them words of envern the people ; and he destroyed the ungodly couragement, and promise them dignities and men out of Israel.

gifts, that I may have their aid. CHAP. X.

s 25 He sent unto them therefore to this efTN the hundred and sixtieth year Alexander, fect: King Demetrius unto the people of the 1 the son of Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, Jews sendeth greeting : went up and took Ptolemais : for the people had l 26 Whereas ye have kept covenants with us, received him, by means whereof he reigned and continued in our friendship, not joining there.

yourselves with our enemies, we have heard 2 Now when king Demetrius heard thereof, hereof, and are glad. he gathered together an exceeding great host, 27 Wherefore now continue ye still to be and went forth against him to fight.

faithful unto us, and we will well recompense 3 Moreover, Demetrius sent letters unto you for the things ye do in our behalf, Jonathan with loving words, so as he magni-| 28 And will grant you many immunities, and fied him.

give you rewards. 4 For, said he, Let us first make peace with 29 And now do I free you, and for your sake


Apocrypha. I release all the Jews, from tributes, and from 46 Now when Jonathan and the people heard the customs of salt, and from crown taxes, these words, they gave no credit unto them, nor

30 And from that which appertaineth unto received them, because they remembered the me to receive for the third part of the seed, and great evil that he had done in Israel; for he had the half of the fruit of the trees, I release it from afflicted them very sore. this day forth, so that they shall not be taken 47 But with Alexander they were well pleased, of the land of Judea, nor of the three govern- because he was the first that entreated of true ments which are added thereunto out of the peace with them, and they were confederate country of Samaria and Galilee, from this day with him always. forth for evermore.

48 Then gathered king Alexander great 31 Let Jerusalem also be holy and free, forces, and camped over against Demetrius. with the borders thereof, both from tenths and 49 And after the two kings had joined bat. tributes.

tle, Demetrius' host filed: but Alexander fol32 And as for the tower which is at Jerusa- lowed after him, and prevailed against them. lem, I yield up my authority over it, and give it 50 And he continued the battle very sore to the high priest, that he may set in it such until the sun went down: and that day was men as he shall choose to keep it.

Demetrius slain. 33 Moreover I freely set at liberty every one 51 Afterward Alexander sent ambassadors to of the Jews that were carried captives out of the Ptolemee king of Egypt with a message to this land of Judea into any part of my kingdom, and effect : I will that all my officers remit the tributes 52 Forasmuch as I am come again to my even of their cattle.

realm, and am set in the throne of my progeni· 34 Furthermore I will that all the feasts, and tors, and have gotten the dominion, and oversabbaths, and new moons, and solemn days, and thrown Demetrius, and recovered our country ; the three days before the feast, and the three 53 For after I had joined battle with him, days after the feast, shall be all days of immuni- both he and his host was discomfited by us, so ty and freedom for all the Jews in my realm. that we sit in the throne of his kingdom :

35 Also no man shall have authority to med- 54 Now therefore let us make a league of dle with them, or to molest any of them in any amity together, and give me now thy daughter matter.

to wife : and I will be thy son-in-law, and will 36 I will further, that there be enrolled among give both thee and her gifts according to thy the king's forces about thirty thousand men of dignity. · the Jews, unto whom pay shall be given, as be- 55 "Then Ptolemee the king gave answer, longeth to all the king's forces.

saying, Happy be the day wherein thou didst 37 And of them some shall be placed in the return into the land of thy fathers, and sattest king's strong holds, of whom also some shall be in the throne of their kingdom. set over the affairs of the kingdom, which are 56 And now will I do to thee, as thou hast of trust : and I will that their overseers and written: meet me therefore at Ptolemais, that governors be of themselves, and that they live we may see one another; for I will marry my after their own laws, even as the king hath daughter to thee according to thy desire. commanded in the land of Judea.

157 So Ptolemee went out of Egypt with his 38 And concerning the three governments daughter Cleopatra, and they came unto Ptothat are added to Judea from the country of lemais in the hundred threescore and second Samaria, let them be joined with Judea, that year: they may be reckoned to be under one, nor 58 Where king Alexander meeting him, gave bound to obey other authority than the high unto him his daughter Cleopatra, and celebrated priest's.

her marriage at Ptolemais with great glory, as 39 As for Ptolemais, and the land pertain the manner of kings is. ing thereto, I give it as a free gift to the sanc- 59 Now king Alexander had written unto tuary at Jerusalem for the necessary expenses Jonathan, that he should come and meet him. of the sanctuary.

60 Who thereupon went honourably to Ptole40 Moreover I give every year fifteen thou- mais, where he met the two kings, and gave sand shekels of silver out of the king's accounts them and their friends silver and gold, and many from the places appertaining

presents, and found favour in their sight. 41 And all the overplus, which the officers 61 At that time certain pestilent fellows of payed not in as in former time, from henceforth Israel, men of a wicked life, assembled themshall b

d the works of the temple. selves against him, to accuse him : but the king 42 And beside this, the five thousand she would not hear them. kels of silver, which they took from the uses 62 Yea more than that, the king commandof the temple out of the accounts year by year, ed to take off his garments, and clothe him in even those things shall be released, because they purple: and they did so. appertain to the priests that minister. 163 Also he made him sit by himself, and said

*43 And whosoever they be that flee unto the unto his princes, Go with him into the midst of temple at Jerusalem, or be within the liberties the city, and make proclamation, that no man thereof, being indebted unto the king, or for any complain against him of any matter, and that do other matter, let them be at liberty, and all that man trouble him for any manner of cause. they have in my realm.

164 Now when his accusers saw that he was 44 For the building also and repairing of honoured according to the proclamation, and the works of the sanctuary, expenses shall be clothed in purple, they fled all away. given of the king's accounts.

65 So the king honoured him, and wrote hun 45 Yea, and for the building of the walls of among his chief friends, and made him a duše, Jerusalem, and the fortifying thereof round and partaker of his dominion. about, expenses shall be given out of the king's 66 Afterward Jonathan returned to Jerusaaccounts, as also for the building of the walls lem with peace and gladness. in Judea.

67 Furthermore in the hundred threescore

CHAP. 11.

Apocrypha. and fifth year came Demetrius son of Demetrius! 89 And sent him a buckle of gold, as the use out of Crete into the land of his fathers : is to be given to such as are of the king's blood :

68 Whereof when king Alexander heard tell, he gave him also Accaron with the borders he was right sorry, and returned into Antioch. thereof in possession. 69 Then Demetrius made Apollonius the

CHAP. XI. governor of Celosyria his general, who gather- A ND the king of Egypt gathered together a ed together a great host, and camped in Jam- A great host, like the sand that lieth upon nia, and sent unto Jonathan the high priest, the sea-shore, and many ships, and went about saying,

through deceit to get Alexander's kingdom, and 70 Thou alone liftest up thyself against us, join it to his own. and I am laughed to scorn for thy sake, and 2 Whereupon he took his journey into Syria reproached : and why dost thou vaunt thy power in peaceable manner, so as they of the cities against us in the mountains ?

opened unto him, and met him: for king Alex71 Now therefore, if thou trustest in thine ander had commanded them so to do, because own strength, come down to us into the plain he was his father-in-law. field, and there let us try the matter together: 3 Now as Ptolemee entered into the cities, for with me is the power of the cities. he set in every one of them a garrison of sol

77. Ask and learn who I am, and the rest that diers to keep it. take our part, and they shall tell thee that thy 4 And when he came near to Azotus, they foot is not able to stand before our face; for thy shewed him the temple of Dagon that was burnt, fathers have been twice put to flight in their and Azotus and the suburbs thereof that were own land.

destroyed, and the bodies that were cast abroad, 73 Wherefore now thou shalt not be able to and them that he had burnt in the battle: for abide the horsemen and so great a power in the they had made heaps of them by the way where plain, where is neither stone nor flint, nor place he should pass. to flee unto.

15 Also they told the king whatsoever Jona74 So when Jonathan heard these words of than had done, to the intent he might blame Apollonius, he was moved in his mind, and him : but the king held his peace. choosing ten thousand men, he went out of Je-6 Then Jonathan met the king with great rusalem, where Simon his brother met him for pomp at Joppe, where they saluted one another, to help him.

and lodged. 75 And he pitched his tents against Joppe : 7 Afterward Jonathan, when he had gone but they of Joppe shut him out of the city, be- with the king to the river called Eleutherus, recause Apollonius had a garrison there.

| turned again to Jerusalem.. 76 Then Jonathan laid siege unto it: where-l 8 King Ptolemee therefore, having gotten upon they of the city let him in for fear: and the dominion of the cities by the sea unto Seso Jonathan won Joppe.

leucia upon the sea-coast, imagined wicked 77 Whereof when Apollonius heard, he took counsels against Alexander. three thousand horsemen, with a great host of 9 Whereupon he sent ambassadors unto king footmen, and went to Azotus as one that jour. Demetrius, saying, Come, let us make a league neyed, and therewithal drew him forth into the betwixt us, and I will give thee my daughter plain, because he had a great number of horse- whom Alexander hath, and thou shalt reign in men, in whom he put his trust.

thy father's kingdom : 78 Then Jonathan followed after him to 10 For I repent that I gave my daughter Azotus, where the armies joined battle. unto him, for he sought to slay me.

79 Now Apollonius had left a thousand 11 Thus did he slander him, because he was horsemen in ambush.

desirous of his kingdom. 80 And Jonathan knew that there was an 12 Wherefore he took his daughter from ambushment behind him ; for they had com- him, and gave her to Demetrius, and forsook passed in his host, and cast darts ai the people, Alexander, so that their hatred was openly from morning till evening.

known. 81 But the people stood still, as Jonathan 13 Then Ptolemee entered into Antioch, had commanded them: and so the enemies' where he set two crowns upon his head, the horses were tired.

crown of Asia, and of Egypt. 82 Then brought Simon forth his host, and 14 In the mean season was king Alexander set them against the footmen (for the horsemen in Cilicia, because those that dwelt in those were spent,) who were discomfited by him, parts had revolted from him. and fled.

15 But when Alexander heard of this, he 83 The horsemen also, being scattered in came to war against him: whereupon king the field, fled to Azotus, and went into Beth- Ptolemee brought forth his host, and met him dagon, their idol's temple, for safety.

with a mighty power, and put him to flight. 84 But Jonathan set fire on Azotus, and the 16 So Alexander fled into Arabia, there to be cities round about it, and took their spoils; and defended; but king Ptolemee was exalted : the temple of Dagon, with them that were fled 17 For Zabdiel the Arabian took off Alexinto it, he burned with fire.

ander's head, and sent it unto Ptolemee. 85 Thus there were burned and slain with the 18 King Ptolemee also died the third day afsword well nigh eight thousand men.

ter, and they that were in the strong holds 86 And from thence Jonathan removed his were slain one of another. host, and camped against Ascalon, where the 19 By this means Demetrius reigned in the men of the city came forth, and met him with hundred threescore and seventh year. great pomp.

I 20 At the same time Jonathan gathered to87 After this returned Jonathan and his host gether them that were in Judea, to take the unto Jerusalem, having many spoils.

tower that was in Jerusalem : and he made 88 Now when king Alexander heard these many engines of war against it. things, he honoured Jonathan yet more. | 21 Then certain ungodly persons, who hated

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