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Apocrypka. their own people, went unto the king, and told! 40 And lay sore upon him to deliver him this him that Jonathan besieged the tower.

young Antiochus, that he might reign in his 22 Whereof when he heard, he was angry, father's stead: he told him therefore all that and immediately removing, he came to Ptole- Demetrius had done, and how his men of war mais, and wroto unto Jonathan, that he should were at enmity with him; and there he remained not lay siege to the tower, but come and speak a long season. with him at Ptolemais in great haste. | 41 In the mean time Jonathan sent unto king

23 Nevertheless Jonathan, when he heard Demetrius, that he would cast those of the this, commanded to besiege it still : and he tower out of Jerusalem, and those also in the chose certain of the elders of Israel, and the fortresses : for they fought against Israel. priests, and put himself in peril;

| 42 So Demetrius sent unto Jonathan, saying, 24 And took silver and gold, and raiment, and I will not only do this for thee and thy people, divers presents beside, and went to Ptolemais but I will greatly honour thee and thy nation, unto the king, where he found favour in his sight. if opportunity serve.

25 And though certain ungodly men of the 43 Now therefore thou shalt do well, if thou people had made complaints against him, send me men to help me; for all my forces are

26 Yet the king entreated him as his prede- gone from me. cessors had done before, and promoted him in 44 Upon this Jonathan sent him three tbou. the sight of all his friends,

sand strong men unto Antioch ; and when they 27 And confirmed him in the high priest- came to the king, the king was very glad of hood, and in all the honours that he had before, their coming. and gave him pre-eminence among his chief 45 Howbeit, they that were of the city friends.

gathered themselves together into the midst of 28 Then Jonathan desired the king, that he the city, to the number of an hundred and twenty would make Judea free from tribute, as also thousand men, and would have slain the king. the three governments, with the country of 46 Wherefore the king fled into the court, Samaria ; and he promised him three hundred but they of the city kept the passages of the talents.

city, and began to fight. 29 So the king consented, and wrote letters 47 Then the king called to the Jews for help, unto Jonathan of all these things after this who came unto him all at once, and, dispersing manner:

themselves through the city, slew that day in 30 King Demetrius unto his brother Jona- the city to the number of an hundred thousand, than, and unto the nation of the Jews, sendeth 48 Also they set fire on the city, and gat greeting :

many spoils that day, and delivered the king. 31 We send you here a copy of the letter 49 So when they of the city say that the which we did write unto our cousin Lasthenes Jews had got the city as they would, their concerning you, that ye might see it.

courage was abated: wherefore they made sup32 King Demetrius unto his father Lasthe- plication to the king, and cried, saying, nes sendeth greeting :

50 Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease 33 We are determined to do good to the peo- from assaulting us and the city. ple of the Jews, who are our friends, and keep 51 With that they cast away their weapons, covenants with us, because of their good will and made peace; and the Jews were honourtoward us.

ed in the sight of the king, and in the sight of 34 Wherefore we have ratified unto them all that were in his realm; and they returned the borders of Judea, with the three govern-to Jerusalem, having great spoils. ments of Apherema and Lydda and Ramathem, 52 So king Demetrius sat on the throne of that are added unto Judea from the country of his kingdom, and the land was quiet before him. Samaria, and all things appertaining unto them, 53 Nevertheless, he dissembled in all that for all such as do sacrifice in Jerusalem, instead ever he spake, and estranged himself from Joof the payments which the king received of nathan, neither rewarded he him according to them yearly aforetime out of the fruits of the the benefits which he had received of him, but earth and of trees.

troubled him very sore. 35 And as for other things that belong unto 54 After this returned Tryphon, and with us, of the tithes and customs pertaining unto him the young child Antiochus, who reigned, us, as also the salt-pits, and the crown taxes, and was crowned. which are due unto us, we discharge them of 55 Then there gathered unto him all the men them all for their relief.

lof war, whom Demetrius had put away, and 36 And nothing hereof shall be revoked from they fought against Demetrius, who turned his this time forth for ever.

back and fled. 37 Now therefore see that thou make a copy 56 Moreover Tryphon took the elephants, and of these things, and let it be delivered unto won Antioch. Jonathan, and set upon the holy mount in a 57 At that time young Antiochus wrote unto conspicuous place.

Jonathan, saying, I confirm thee in the high 38. After this, when king Demetrius saw that priesthood, and appoint thee ruler over the foar the land was quiet before him, and that no re-governments, and to be one of the king's friends sistance was made against him, he sent away 58 Upon this he sent him golden vessels to all his forces, every one to his own place, except be served in, and gave him leave to drink in certain bands of strangers, whom he had gather- gold, and to be clothed in purple, and to wear : ed from the isles of the heathen : wherefore all golden buckle. the forces of his fathers hated him.

59 His brother Simon also he made captain 39 Moreover, there was one Tryphon, that from the place called, The ladder of Tyrus, anto had been of Alexander's part afore, who, seeing the borders of Egypt. that all the host murmured against Demetrius, 60 Then Jonathan went forth, and passed went to Simalcue the Arabian, that brought up through the cities beyond the water, and all the Antiochus the young son of Alexander,

forces of Syria gathered themselves unto hin

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Apocrypha. for to help him : and when he came to Ascalon, then among you, to signify that ye are our they of the city met him honourably.

brethren, as the copy here underwritten doth 61 From whence he went to Gaza, but they specify. of Gaza shut him out; wherefore he laid siegel 8 At which time Onias entreated the ambasunto it, and burned the suburbs thereof with sador that was sent honourably, and received fire, and spoiled them.

Ithe letters, wherein declaration was made of the 62 Afterward, when they of Gaza made sup- league and friendship. plication unto Jonathan, he made peace with 9 Therefore we also, albeit we need none them, and took the sons of their chief men for of these things, for that we have the holy books hostages, and sent them to Jerusalem, and of scripture in our hands to comfort us, passed through the country unto Damascus. 10 Have nevertheless attempted to send unto

63 Now when Jonathan heard that Deme- you for the renewing of brotherhood and friendtrius' princes were come to Cades, which is in ship, lest we should become strangers unto you Galilee, with a great power, purposing to re- altogether : for there is a long time passed move him out of the country,

since ye sent unto us. 64 He went to meet them, and left Simon 11 We therefore at all times without ceashis brother in the country.

ing, both in our feasts, and other convenient 65 Then Simon encamped against Bethsura, days, do remember you in the sacrifices which and fought against it a long season, and shut it we offer, and in our prayers, as reason is, and

as it becometh us to think upon our brethren: 66 But they desired to have peace with him, 12 And we are right glad of your honour. which he granted them, and then put them out 13 As for ourselves, we have had great troufrom thence, and took the city, and set a gar-bles and wars on every side, forsomuch as the rison in it.

kings that are round about us have fought 67 As for Jonathan and his host, they pitched against us. at the water of Gennesar, from whence betimes 14 Howbeit, we would not be troublesome in the morning they gat them to the plain of unto you, nor to others of our confederates and Nasor.

friends, in these wars : 63 And behold, the host of strangers met 15 For we have help from heaven that sucthem in the plain, who having laid men in am-coureth us, so as we are delivered from our bush for him in the mountains, came theinselves enemies, and our enemies are brought under over against him.

foot. 69 So when they that lay in ambush rose 16 For this cause we chose Numenius the son out of their places, and joined battle, all that of Antiochus, and Antipater the son of Jason, were of Jonathan's side fled ;

and sent them unto the Romans, to renew the 70 Insomuch as there was not one of them amity that we had with them, and the former left, except Mattathias the son of Absalom, and league. Judas the son of Calphi, the captains of the 17 We commanded them also to go unto host.

you, and to salute you, and to deliver you our 71 Then Jonathan rent his clothes, and cast letters concerning the renewing of our broearth upon his head, and prayed.

therhood. 72 Afterward turning again to battle, he put 18 Wherefore now ye shall do well to give them to flight, and so they ran away.

us an answer thereto. 73 Now when his own men that were fled 19 And this is the copy of the letters which saw this, they turned again unto him, and with Oniares sent. him pursued them to Cades, even unto their 20 Areus king of the Lacedemonians to Onias own tents, and there they camped.

the high priest, greeting: 74 So there were slain of the heathen that| 21 It is found in writing, that the Lacededay about three thousand men: but Jonathan monians and Jews are brethren, and that they returned to Jerusalem.

are of the stock of Abraham: CHAP. XII.

22 Now therefore, since this is come to our NOW when Jonathan saw that the time knowledge, ye shall do well to write unto us of W served him, he chose certain men, and your prosperity. sent them to Rome, for to confirm and renew 23 'We do write back again to you, that your the friendship that they had with them. cattle and goods are ours, and ours are yours.

2 He sent letters also to the Lacedemonians, We do command therefore our ambassadors and to other places, for the same purpose. to make report unto you on this wise.

3 So they went unto Rome, and entered into 24 Now when Jonathan heard that Deme. the senate, and said, Jonathan the high priest, trius' princes were come to fight against him and the people of the Jews, sent us unto you, with a greater host than afore, to the end ye should renew the friendship 25 He removed from Jerusalem, and met which ye had with them, and league, as in for them in the land of Amathis : for he gave them mer time.

no respite to enter his country 4 Upon this the Romans gave them letters 26 He sent spies also unto their tents, who unto the governors of every place, that they came again, and told him that they were apshould bring them into the land of Judea peacea-pointed to come upon them in the night-season. bly.

| 27 Wherefore so soon as the sun was down, 5 And this is the copy of the letters which Jonathan commanded his men to watch, and Jonathan wrote unto the Lacedemonians : to be in arms, that all the night long they might

6 Jonathan the high priest, and the elders of be ready to fight : also he sent forth centinels the nation, and the priests, and the other people round about the host. of the Jews, unto the Lacedemonians their 28 But when the adversaries heard that brethren send greeting:

Jonathan and his men were ready for battle, 7 There were letters sent in times past unto they feared, and trembled in their hearts, and Onias the high priest from Darius, who reigned they kindled fires in their camp.


Apocrypha. 29 Howbeit Jonathan and his company knew they that were with him were taken and slain, it not till the morning : for they saw the lights they encouraged one another, and went close burning.

together, prepared to fight. 30 Then Jonathan pursued after them, but 51 They therefore that followed upon them, overtook them not: for they were gone over perceiving that they were ready to fight for the river Eleutherus.

their lives, turned back again. 31 Wherefore Jonathan turned to the Ara- 52 Whereupon they all came into the land bians, who were called Zabadeans, and smote of Judea peaceably, and there they bewailed them, and took their spoils.

Jonathan, and them that were with him, and 32 And removing thence, he came to Da- they were sore afraid ; whorefore all Israel mascus, and so passed through all the country. made great lamentation.

33 Simon also went forth, and passed through 53 Then all the heathen that were round the country unto Ascalon, and the holds there about them sought to destroy them : for, suid adjoining, from whence he turned aside to they, They have no captain, nor any to help Joppe, and won it.

them : now therefore let us make war upon 34 For he had heard that they would deliver them, and take away their memorial from the hold unto them that took Demetrius' part; among men. wherefore he set a garrison there to keep it.

CHAP. XIII. 35 After this came Jonathan home again, N OW when Simon heard that Tryphon had and calling the elders of the people together, I gathered together a great host to invade he consulted with them about building strong the land of Judea, and destroy it, holds in Judea,

2 And saw that the people was in great 36 And making the walls of Jerusalem trembling and fear, he went up to Jerusalem, higher, and raising a great mount between the and gathered the people together, tower and the city, for to separate it from the 3 And gave them exhortation, saying, Ye city, that so it might be alone, that men might yourselves know what great things I, and my neither sell nor buy in it.

brethren, and my father's house, have done for 37 Upon this they came together to build up the laws and the sanctuary, the battles also the city, forasmuch as part of the wall toward the and troubles which we have seen. brook on the east side was fallen down; and they 4 By reason whereof all my brethren are repaired that which was called Caphenatha. slain for Israel's sake, and I am left alone.

38 Simon also set up Adida in Sephela, and 5 Now therefore be it far from me, that I made it strong with gates and bars.

should spare mine own life in any time of trou39 Now Tryphon went about to get the king-ble: for I am no better than my brethren. dom of Asia, and to kill Antiochus the king, 6 Doubtless I will avenge my nation, and that he might set the crown upon his own head. the sanctuary, and our wives, and our children:

40 Howbeit, he was afraid that Jonathan for all the heathen are gathered to destroy us would not suffer him, and that he would fight of very malice. against him; wherefore he sought a way how 7 Now as soon as the people heard these to take Jonathan, that he might kill him. So words, their spirit revived. he removed, and came to Bethsan.

| 8 And they answered with a loud voice, 41 Then Jonathan went out to meet him saying, Thou shalt be our leader instead of with forty thousand men chosen for the battle, Judas and Jonathan thy brother. and came to Bethsan.

19 Fight thou our battles, and whatsoever 42 Now when Tryphon saw that Jonathan thou commandest us, that will we do. came with so great a force, he durst not stretch 10 So then he gathered together all the his hand against him;

men of war, and made haste to finish the 43 But received him honourably, and com-walls of Jerusalem, and he fortified it round mended him unto all his friends, and gave him about. gifts, and commanded his men of war to be as 11 Also he sent Jonathan the son of Absa. obedient unto him, as to himself.

lom, and with him a great power, to Joppe · 44 Unto Jonathan also he said, Why hast who casting out them that were therein, rethou put all this people to so great trouble, mained there in it. seeing there is no war betwixt us?

1 12 So Tryphon removed from Ptolemais with 45 Therefore send them now home again, a great power to invade the land of Judea, and and choose a few men to wait on thee, and come Jonathan was with him in ward. thou with me to Ptolemais, for I will give it 13 But Simon pitched his tents at Adids, thee, and the rest of the strong holds and forces, over against the plain. and all that have any charge : as for me, I will 14 Now when Tryphon knew that Simon return and depart: for this is the cause of my was risen up instead of his brother Jonathan, corning.

and meant to join battle with him, he sent 46 So Jonathan, believing him, did as he messengers unto him, saying, bade him, and sent away his host, who went 15 Whereas we have Jonathan thy brother into the land of Judea.

in hold, it is for money that he is owing unto 47 And with himself he retained but three the king's treasure, concerning the business thousand men, of whom he sent two thousand that was committed unto him. into Galilee, and one thousand went with him. / 16 Wherefore now send an hundred talents

48 Now as soon as Jonathan entered into of silver, and two of his sons for hostages, that Ptolemais, they of Ptolemais shut the gates, when he is at liberty he may not revolt from and took him, and all them that came with us, and we will let him go. liim they slew with the sword.

17 Hereupon Simon, albeit he perceived 49 Then sent Tryphon a host of footmen and that they spake deceitfully unto him, yet sent horsemen into Galilee, and into the great plain, he the money and the children, lest peradrento destroy all Jonathan's company.

ture he should procure to himself great hatred 50 But when they knew that Jonathan and of the people :


Apocrypha. 18 Who might have said, Because I senti 40 And look who are meet among you to him not the money and the children, therefore be in our court, let them be enrolled, and let is Jonathan dead.

there be peace betwixt us. 19 So he sent them the children and the 41 Thus the yoke of the heathen was taken hundred talents : howbeit Tryphon dissembled, away from Israel in the hundred and seventieth neither would he let Jonathan go.

year. 20 And after this came Tryphon to invade 42 Then the people of Israel began to write the land, and destroy it, going round about by in their instruments and contracts, In the first the way that leadeth unto Adora : but Simon year of Simon the high priest, the governor and his host marched against him in every place, and leader of the Jews. wheresoever he went.

1 43 In those days Simon camped against Ga21 Now they that were in the tower sent za, and besieged it round about ; he made also messengers unto Tryphon, to the end that he an engine of war, and set it by the city, and should hasten his coming unto them by the battered a certain tower, and took it. wilderness, and send them victuals.

44 And they that were in the engine leaped 22 Wherefore Tryphon made ready all his into the city; whereupon there was a great horsemen to come that night: but there fell a uproar in the city. very great snow, by reason whereof he came '45 Insomuch as the people of the city rent not. So he departed, and came into the coun- their clothes, and climbed upon the walls with try of Galaad.

their wives and children, and cried with a loud 23 And when he came near to Bascama, he voice, beseeching Simon to grant them peace. slew Jonathan, who was buried there.

46 And they said, Deal not with us accord24 Afterward Tryphon returned and went ing to our wickedness, but according to thy into his own land.

mercy. 25 Then sent Simon, and took the bones of 47' So Simon was appeased toward them, Jonathan his brother, and buried them in Modin, and fought no more against them, but put the city of his fathers.

them out of the city, and cleansed the houses 26 And all Israel made great lamentation for wherein the idols were, and so entered into it him, and bewailed him many days.

with songs and thanksgiving. 27 Simon also built a monument upon the 48 Yea, he put all uncleanness out of it, sepulchre of his father and his brethren, and and placed such men there as would keep the raised it aloft to the sight, with hewn stone, law, and made it stronger than it was before, behind and before.

and built therein a dwelling-place for himself. 23 Moreover, he set up seven pyramids, one 49 They also of the tower in Jerusalem against another, for his father, and his mother, were kept so strait, that they could neither and his four brethren.

come forth, nor go into the country, nor buy, 29 And in these he made cunning devices, nor sell : wherefore they were in great distress about the which he set great pillars, and upon for want of victuals, and a great number of the pillars he made all their armour for a per- them perished through famine. petual memory, and by the armour ships carv- 50 Then cried they to Simon, beseeching ed, that they might be seen of all that sail on him to be at one with them : which thing ho the sea.

granted them; and when he had put them out 30 This is the sepulchre which he made at from thence, he cleansed the tower from pol. Modin, and it standeth yet unto this day. lutions :

31 Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully with the 51 And entered into it the three and twen. young king Antiochus, and slew him

tieth day of the second month, in the hundred 32 And he reigned in his stead, and crowned seventy and first year, with thanksgiving, and himself king of Asia, and brought a great branches of palm-trees, and with harps, and calamity upon the land.

cymbals, and with viols, and hymns, and songs : 33 Then Simon built up the strong holds in because there was destroyed a great enemy out Judea, and fenced them about with high tow- of Israel. ers, and great walls, and gates, and bars, and laid 52 Ho ordained also that that day should be up victuals therein.

kept every year with gladness. Moreover, the *34 Moreover, Simon chose men, and sent to bill of the temple that was by the tower he king Demetrius, to the end he should give the made stronger than it was, and there he dwelt land an immunity, because all that Tryphon did himself with his company. was to spoil.

53 And when Simon saw that John his son 35 Unto whom king Demetrius answered and was a valiant man, he made him captain of all wrote after this manner :

the hosts; and he dwelt in Gazara. 36 King. Demetrius unto Simon the high

CHAP. XIV. priest, and friend of kings, as also unto the el. N OW in the hundred threescore and twelfth ders and nation of the Jews, sendeth greeting: 1 year king Demetrius gathered his forces

37 The golden crown, and the scarlet robe, together, and went into Media, to get him help which ye sent unto us, we have received: and to fight against Tryphon. we are ready to make a steadfast peace with 2 But when Arsaces, the king of Persia and you, yea, and to write unto our officers, to con- Media, heard that Demetrius was entered withfirm the immunities which we have granted. in his borders, he sent one of his princes to take

38 And whatsoever covenants we have made him alive: with you shall stand ; and the strong holds, l 3 Who went and smote the host of Demetri. which ye have builded, shall be your own. us, and took him, and brought him to Arsaces,

39 As for any oversight or fault committed by whom he was put in ward. unto this day, we forgive it, and the crown tax 4 As for the land of Judea, that was quiet all also, which ye owe us : and if there were any the days of Simon ; for he sought the good of other tribute paid in Jerusalem, it shall no his nation in such wise, as that everinore his. more be paid.

lauthority and honour pleased them well.


Apocrypha. 5 And as he was honourable in all his acts, so away in fight their enemies from them, and in this, that he took Joppe for an haven, and made confirmed their liberty. an entrance to the isles of the sea,

1 27 So then they wrote it in tables of brass, 6 And enlarged the bounds of his nation, and which they set upon pillars in mount Sion: and recovered the country,

this is the copy of the writing; The eighteenth 7 And gathered together a great number of day of the month Elul, in the hundred threecaptives, and had the dominion of Gazara, and score and twelfth year, being the third year of Bethgura, and the tower, out of the which Simon the high priest, he took all uncleanness, neither was there any 28 At Saramel in the great congregation of that resisted him.

the priests, and people, and rulers of the nation, 8 Then did they till their ground in peace, and elders of the country, were these things and the earth gave her increase, and the trees notified unto us. of the field their fruit.

1 29 Forasmuch as oftentimes there have been 9 The ancient men sat all in the streets, wars in the country, wherein for the maincommuning together of good things, and the tenance of their sanctuary, and the law, Simon young men put on glorious and warlike apparel. the son of Mattathias, of the posterity of Jarib,

10 He provided victuals for the cities, and together with his brethren, put themselves in set in them all manner of munition, so that his jeopardy, and, resisting the enemies of their honourable name was renowned unto the end nation, did their nation great honour : of the world.

30 (For after that Jonathan, having gathered 11 He made peace in the land, and Israel his nation together, and been their high priest, rejoiced with great joy :

was added to his people, 12 For every man sat under his vine and his 31 Their enemies purposed to invade their fig-tree, and there was none to fray them: country, that they might destroy it, and lay

13 Neither was there any left in the land to hands on the sanctuary: fight against them : yea, the kings themselves 32 At which time Simon rose up, and fought were overthrown in those days.

for his nation, and spent much of his own sub14 Moreover, he strengthened all those of his stance, and armed the valiant men of his na. people that were brought low: the law he search- tion, and gave them wages, ed out; and every contemner of the law and 33 And fortified the cities of Judea, together wicked person he took away.

with Bethsura, that lieth upon the borders of 15 He beautified the sanctuary, and multi- Judea, where the armour of the enemies had plied the vessels of the temple.

been before ; but he set a garrison of Jews 16 Now when it was heard at Rome, and as there : far as Sparta, that Jonathan was dead, they! 34 Moreover, he fortified Joppe, which lieth were very sorry.

upon the sea, and Gazara, that bordereth upon 17 But as soon as they heard that his brother Azotus, where the enemies had dwelt before : Simon was made high priest in his stead, and but he placed Jews there, and furnished them ruled the country, and the cities therein: with all things convenient for the reparation

18 They wrote unto him in tables of brass, thereof.) to renew the friendship and league which they 35 The people therefore, seeing the acts of had made with Judas and Jonathan his bre-Simon, and unto what glory he thought to thren:

bring his nation, made him their governor and 19 Which writings were read before the con- chief priest, because he had done all these gregation at Jerusalem.

things, and for the justice and faith which he 20 And this is the copy of the letters that kept to his nation, and for that he sought by the Lacedemonians sent; The rulers of the all means to exalt his people. Lacedemonians, with the city, unto Simon the 36 For in his time things prospered in his high priest, and the elders, and priests, and hands, so that the heathen were taken out of residue of the people of the Jews, our brethren, their country, and they also that were in the send greeting :

city of David in Jerusalem, who had made 21 The ambassadors that were sent unto themselves a tower, out of which they issued, our people certified us of your glory and ho- and polluted all about the sanctuary, and did nour : wherefore we were glad of their coming, much hurt in the holy place :

22 And did register the things that they 37 But he placed Jews therein, and fortified spake in the council of the people in this man- it for the safety of the country and the city, and ner, Numenius son of Antiochus, and Antipa- raised up the walls of Jerusalem. ter son of Jason, the Jews' ambassadors, came 38 King Demetrius also confirmed him in the unto us to renew the friendship they had high priesthood according to those things, with us.

39 And made him one of his friends, and 23 And it pleased the people to entertain honoured him with great honour. the men honourably, and to put the copy of 40 For he had heard say, that the Romans their ambassage in public records, to the end had called the Jews their friends and confedethe people of the Lacedemonians might have rates and brethren; and that they had entera memorial thereof: furthermore, we have tained the ambassadors of Simon honourably: written a copy thereof unto Simon the high 41 Also that the Jews and priests were vel! priest.

pleased that Simon should be their governor 24 After this, Simon sent Numenius to Rome and high priest for ever, until there should with a great shield of gold of a thousand pound arise a faithful prophet; weight, to confirm the league with them. 42 Moreover, that he should be their cap

23 Whereof when the people heard, they tain, and should take charge of the sanctuary. said, What thanks shall we give to Simon and to set them over their works, and over the his sons ?

country, and over the armour, and over the 26 For he and his brethren and the house of fortresses, that, I say, he should take charge his father have established Israel, and chased lof the sanctuary;

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