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Apocтypha. 43 Beside this, that he should be obeyed of 14 And when he had compassed the city every man, and that all the writings in the round about, and joined ships close to the town country should be made in his name, and that on the sea-side, he vexed the city by land and he should be clothed in purple, and wear gold: by sea, neither suffered he any to go out or in.

44 Also that it should be lawful for none of 15 In the mean season came Numenius and the people or priests to break any of these his company from Rome, having letters to the things, or to gainsay his words, or to gather an kings and countries; wherein were written assembly in the country without him, or to be these things : clothed in purple, or wear a buckle of gold: 16 Lucius, consul of the Romans, unto king

45 And whosoever should do otherwise, or Ptolemee, greeting : break any of these things, he should be pu- 17 The Jews' ambassadors, our friends and nished.

confederates, came unto us to renew the old 46 Thus it liked all the people to deal with friendship and league, being sent from Simon Simon, and do as hath been said.

the high priest, and from the people of the Jews : 47 Then Simon accepted hereof, and was 18 Ånd they brought a shield of gold of a well pleased to be high priest, and captain and thousand pound. governor of the Jews and priests, and to del 19 We thought it good therefore to write fend them all.

Junto the kings and countries, that they should 48 So they commanded that this writing do them no harm, nor fight against them, their should be put in tables of brass, and that they cities, or countries, nor yet aid their enemies should be set up within the compass of the against thein. sanctuary in a conspicuous place;

| 20 It seemed also good to us to receive the 49 Also that the copies thereof should be shield of them. laid up in the treasury, to the end that Simon 21 If therefore there be any pestilent feland his sons might have them.

lows, that have fled from their country unto CHAP. XV.

you, deliver them unto Simon the high priest, M OREOVER Antiochus, son of Demetrius that he may punish them according to their

I the king, sent letters from the isles of own law. the sea unto Simon the priest and prince of 22 The same things wrote he likewise unto the Jews, and to all the people;

Demetrius the king, and Attalus, to Ariarathes, 2 The contents whereof were these : King and Arsaces, Antiochus to Simon the high priest and prince 23 And to all the countries, and to Sampsaof his nation, and to the people of the Jews, mes, and the Lacedemonians, and to Delus, greeting :

and Myndus, and Sicyon, and Caria, and Sa. 3 Forasmuch as certain pestilent men have mos, and Pamphylia, and Lycia, and Halicarusurped the kingdom of our fathers, and my nassus, and Rhodus, and Phaselis, and Cos, and purpose is to challenge it again, that I may re- Side, and Aradus, and Gortyna, and Cnidus, store it to the old estate, and to that end have and Cyprus, and Cyrene. gathered a multitude of foreign soldiers to- 24 And the copy hereof they wrote to Simon gether, and prepared ships of war;

the high priest. 4 My meaning also being to go through the 25 So Antiochus the king camped against country, that I may be avenged of them that Dora the second day, assaulting it continually, have destroyed it, and made many cities in the and making engines, by which means he shut kingdom desolate :

up Tryphon, that he could neither go out 5 Now therefore I confirm unto thee all the nor in. oblations which the kings before me granted! 26 At that time Simon sent him two thouthee, and whatsoever gifts beside they granted. sand chosen men to aid him ; silver also, and

6 I give thee leave also to coin money for gold, and much armour. thy country with thine own stamp.

27 Nevertheless he would not receive them, 7 And as concerning Jerusalem and the but brake all the covenants which he had made sanctuary, let them be free ; and all the armour with him afore, and became strange unto him. that thou hast made, and fortresses that thou 28 Furthermore he sent unto him Athenohast built, and keepest in thine hands, let them bius, one of his friends, to commune with him, remain unto thee.

and say, Ye withhold Joppe and Gazara, with 8 And if any thing be, or shall be, owing to the tower that is in Jerusalem, which are cities the king, let it be forgiven thee from this time of my realm. forth for evermore.

1 29 The borders thereof ye have wasted, and 9 Furthermore, when we have obtained our done great hurt in the land, and got the dokingdom, we will honour thee, and thy nation, minion of many places within my kingdom. and thy temple, with great honour, so that your 30 Now therefore deliver the cities which bonour shall be known throughout the world. ye have taken, and the tributes of the places

10 In the hundred threescore and fourteenth whereof ye have gotten dominion without the thers: at which time all the forces came too! 31 Or else give me for them five hundred gether unto him, so that few were left with talents of silver; and for the harm that ye Tryphon.

have done, and the tributes of the cities, other 11 Wherefore, being pursued by king An- five hundred talents : if not, we will come and tiochus, he fled unto Dora, which lieth by the fight against you. sea-side :

| 32 So Athenobius the king's friend came to 12 For he saw that troubles came upon him Jerusalem ; and when he saw the glory of şiall at once, and that his forces had forsaken mon, and the cupboard of gold and silver

Tplate, and his great attendance, he was asto13 Then camped Antiochus against Dora, Inished, and told him the king's message. having with him an hundred and twenty thou-| 33 Then answered Simon, and said unto sand men of war, and eight thousand horsemen. Ihim, We have neither taken other men's land,

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Apocrypha. nor holden that which appertaineth to others, horsemen in the midst of the footmen : for the but the inheritance of our fathers, which our enemies' horsemen were very many. enemies had wrongfully in possession a certain 8 Then sounded they with the holy trumtime.

Jpets: whereupon Cendebeus and his host were 34 Wherefore we, having opportunity, hold put to flight, so that many of them were slain, the inheritance of our fathers.

and the remnant gat them to the strong hold. 35 And whereas thou demandest Joppe and! 9 At that time was Judas, John's brother, Gazara, albeit they did great harm unto the wounded; but John still followed after them, people in our country, yet will we give an hun- until he came to Cedron, which Cendebeus bad dred talents for them. Hereunto Athenobius built. answered him not a word;

10 So they fled even unto the towers in the 36 But returned in a rage to the king, and fields of Azotus; wherefore he burned it with made report unto him of these speeches, and fire : so that there were slain of them about of the glory of Simon, and of all that he had two thousand men. Afterward he returned into seen: whereupon the king was exceeding the land of Judea in peace. wroth.

| 11 Moreover, in the plain of Jericho was 37 In the mean time fled Tryphon by ship Ptolemeus the son of Abubus made captain, unto Orthosias.

and he had abundance of silver and gold : 38 Then the king made Cendebeus captain 12 For he was the high priest's son-in-law. of the sea-coast, and gave him an host of foot. 13 Wherefore his heart being lifted up, he men and horsemen,

thought to get the country to himself, and 39 And commanded him to remove his host thereupon consulted deceitfully against Simon toward Judea : also he commanded him to build and his sons to destroy them. up Cedron, and to fortify the gates, and to war 14 Now Simon was visiting the cities that against the people; but as for the king himself, were in the country, and taking care for the he pursued Tryphon.

good ordering of them; at which time he came 40 So Cendebeus came to Jamnia, and be- down himself to Jericho with his sons, Mattagan to provoke the people, and to invade Ju. thias and Judas, in the hundred threescore and dea, and to take the people prisoners, and slay seventeenth year, in the eleventh month, called them.

Sabat: 41 And when he had built up Cedron, he 15 Where the son of Abubus receiving them set horsemen there, and an host of footmen, toj deceitfully into a little hold called Docus, which the end that issuing out they might make out- he had built, made them a great banquet : hoy. roads upon the ways of Judea, as the king had beit he had hid men there. commanded him.

16 So when Simon and his sons had drunk CHAP. XVI.

| largely, Ptolemee and his men rose up, and W HEN came up John from Gazara, and took their weapons, and came upon Simon into

1 told Simon his father what Cendebeus the banqueting-place, and slew him, and his had done.

two sons, and certain of his servants. 2 Whorefore Simon called his two eldest 17 In which doing he committed a great sons, Judas and John, and said unto them, I, treachery, and recompensed evil for good. and my brethren, and my father's house, have 18 Then Ptolemee wrote these things, and ever from our youth unto this day fought sent to the king, that he should send him an host against the enemies of Israel; and things have to aid him, and he would deliver him the counprospered so well in our hands, that we have try and cities. delivered Israel oftentimes.

| 19 He sent others also to Gazara to kill 3 But now I am old, and ye, by God's mer- John: and unto the tribunes he sent letters to cy, are of a sufficient age : be ye instead of come unto him, that he might give them silver, me and my brother, and go and fight for our and gold, and rewards. nation, and the help from heaven be with you. 20° And others he sent to take Jerusalem, and

4 So he chose out of the country twenty the mountain of the temple. thousand men of war with horsemen, who went 21 Now one had run afore to Gazara, and told out against Cendebeus, and rested that night at John that his father and brethren were slain, and, Modin.

quoth he, Ptolemee hath sent to slay thee also. 5 And when as they rose in the morning, 22 Hereof when he heard, he was sore asand went into the plain, behold, a mighty great tonished : so he laid hands on them that were host both of footmen and horsemen came come to destroy him, and slew them; for he against them: howbeit there was a water- knew that they sought to make him away. brook betwixt them.

23 As concerning the rest of the acts of 6 So he and his people pitched over against John, and his wars, and worthy deeds which them : and when he saw that the people were he did, and the building of the walls which he afraid to go over the water-brook, he went first made, and his doings, over himself, and then the men seeing him, 24 Behold, these are written in the chroni. passed through after him.

cles of bis priesthood, from the time he was * 7 That done, he divided his men, and set the made high priest after his father.

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Tout Egypt, health and peace: THE brethren, the Jews that be at Jeru- 2 God be gracious unto you, and remember

1 salem and in the land of Judea, wish his covenant that he made with Abraham, Isaac, unto the brethren, the Jews that are through-land Jacob, his faithful servants ;

pocrypha. CHAP. II.

Apocrypha. 3 And give you all an heart to serve him, and 22 When this was done, and the time came to do his will, with a good courage and a willing that the sun shone, which afore was hid in the mind;

cloud, there was a great fire kindled, so that 4 And open your hearts in his law and com- every man marvelled. mandments, and send you peace,

123 And the priests made a prayer whilst the 5 And hear your prayers, and be at one with sacrifice was consuming, I say, both the priests, you, and never forsake you in time of trouble. and all the rest, Jonathan beginning, and the

6. And now we be here praying for you. rest answering thereunto, as Neemias did.

7 What time as Demetrius reigned, in the 24 And the prayer was after this manner; O hundred threescore and ninth year, we the Jews Lord, Lord God, Creator of all things, who art wrote unto you in the extremity of trouble that fearful and strong, and righteous, and merciful, came upon us in those years, from the time that and the only and gracious King, Jason and his company revolted from the holy 25 The only giver of all things, the only just, land and kingdom,

almighty, and everlasting, thou that deliverest 8 And burned the porch, and shed innocent Israel from all trouble, and didst choose the fablood : then we prayed unto the Lord, and thers, and sanctify them: were heard; we offered also sacrifices and 26 Receive the sacrifice for thy whole peofine flour, and lighted the lamps, and set forth ple Israel, and preserve thine own portion, and the loaves.

sanctify it. 9 And now see that ye keep the feast of 27 Gather those together that are scattered tabernacles in the month Casleu.

from us, deliver them that serve among the 10 In the hundred fourscore and eighth year, heathen, look upon them that are despised and the people that were at Jerusalem and in Judea, abhorred, and let the heathen know that thou and the council, and Judas, sent greeting and art our God. health unto Aristobulus, king Ptolemeus' master, 28 Punish them that oppress us, and with who was of the stock of the anointed priests, pride do us wrong. and to the Jews that were in Egypt:

29 Plant thy people again in thy holy place, '11 Insomuch as God hath delivered us from as Moses hath spoken. great perils, we thank him highly, as having 30 And the priests sung psalms of thanks. been in battle against a king.

giving. 12 For he cast them out that fought within 31 °Now when the sacrifice was consumed, the holy city.

Neemias commanded the water that was left to 13 For when the leader was come into Per- be poured on the great stones. sia, and the army with him that seemed invinci- 32 When this was done, there was kindled a ble, they were slain in the temple of Nanea by flame: but it was consumed by the light that the deceit of Nanea's priests.

shined from the altar. 14 For Antiochus, as though he would mar- 33 So when this matter was known, it was ry her, came into the place, and his friends that told the king of Persia, that in the place, where were with him, to receive money in name of a the priests that were led away had hid the fire, dowry.

there appeared water, and that Neemias had.pu15° Which when the priests of Nanea had rified the sacrifices therewith. set forth, and he was entered with a small 34 Then the king, enclosing the place, made company into the compass of the temple, they it holy, after he had tried the inatter. shut the temple as soon as Antiochus was comel 35 And the king took many gifts, and be. in:

stowed thereof on those whom he would gratify. 16 And opening a privy door of the roof, they 36 And Neemias called this thing Naphthar, threw stones like thunderbolts, and struck down which is as much as to say, A cleansing : but the captain, hewed them in pieces, smote off many men call it Nephi. their heads, and cast them to those that were

CHAP. II. without.

TT is also found in the records, that Jeremy 17 Blessed be our God in all things, who I the prophet commanded them that were hath delivered up the ungodly.

carried away to take of the fire, as it hath been 18 Therefore whereas we are now purposed signified : to keep the purification of the temple upon the 2 And how that the prophet, having given them five and twentieth day of the month Casleu, wel the law, charged them not to forget the comthought it necessary to certify you thereof, that mandments of the Lord, and that they should ye also might keep it, as the feast of the taber- not err in their minds, when they see images nacles, and of the fire, which was given us when of silver and gold, with their ornaments. Neemias offered sacrifice, after that he had 3 And with other such speeches exhorted he builded the temple and the altar.

them, that the law should not depart from their 19 For when our fathers were led into Per. hearts. sia, the priests that were then devout took the 4 It was also contained in the same writing, fire of the altar privily, and hid it in an hollow that the prophet, being warned of God, complace of a pit without water, where they kept it inanded the tabernacle and the ark to go with sure, so that the place was unknown to all men. him, as he went forth into the mountain, where

20 Now after many years, when it pleased Moses climbed up, and saw the heritage of God. God, Neeinias, being sent from the king of Per- 5 And when Jeremy came thither, he found sia, did send of the posterity of those priests, an hollow cave, wherein he laid the tabernacle, that had hid it, to the fire: but when they told and the ark, and the altar of incense, and so us they found no fire, but thick water;

stopped the door. 21 Then commended he them to draw it up, 6 And some of those that followed him came and to bring it; and when the sacrifices were to mark the way, but they could not find it. laid on, Neemias commanded the priests to 7 Which when Jeremy perceived, he blamed sprinkle the wood and the things laid there- them, saying, As for that place, it shall be unupon with the water.

known until the time that God gather his peo


Apocrypha. ple again together, and receive them unto of every particular, and labouring to follow the mercy.

rules of an abridgment. 8 Then shall the Lord shew them these 29 For as the master-builder of a new house things, and the glory of the Lord shall appear, must care for the whole building; but he that and the cloud also, as it was shewed unto Mo- undertaketh to set it out, and paint it, must ses, and as when Solomon desired that the seek out fit things for the adorning thereof : place might be honourably sanctified.

even so I think it is with us. '9 It was also declared, that he being wise 30 To stand upon every point, and go over offered the sacrifice of dedication, and of the things at large, and to be curious in particufinishing of the temple.

lars, belongeth to the first author of the story: 10 And as when Moses prayed unto the 31 But to use brevity, and avoid much la. Lord, the fire came down from heaven, and bouring of the work, is to be granted to him consumed the sacrifices; even so prayed Solo- that will make an abridgment. mon also, and the fire came down from heaven, 32 Here then will we begin the story : only and consumed the burnt-offerings.

adding thus much to that which hath been said, 11 And Moses said, Because the sin-offering that it is a foolish thing to make a long prologue, was not to be eaten, it was consumed.

and to be short in the story itself. 12 So Solomon kept those eight days.

CHAP. III. 13 The same things also were reported in N OW when the holy city was inhabited with the writings and commentaries of Neemias: 1 all peace, and the laws were kept very and how he, founding a library, gathered toge- well, because of the godliness of Onias the high ther the acts of the kings, and the prophets, priest, and his hatred of wickedness, and of David, and the epistles of the kings 2 It came to pass that even the kings themconcerning the holy gifts.

selves did honour the place, and magnify the 14 In like manner also Judas gathered to- temple with their best gifts; gether all those things that were lost by reason 3 Insomnuch that Seleucus king of Asia, of of the war we had, and they remain with us. This own revenues, bare all the costs belonging

15 Wherefore if ye have need thereof, send to the service of the sacrifices. some to fetch them unto you.

4 But one Simon, of the tribe of Benjamin, 16 Whereas we then are about to celebrate who was made governor of the temple, fell out the purification, we have written unto you, and with the high priest about disorder in the city. ye shall do well, if ye keep the same days. 5 And when he could not overcome Onias,

17 We hope also, that the God, that deliver- he gat him to Apollonius the son of Thraseas, ed all his people, and gave them all an heritage, who then was governor of Celosyria and Pbeand the kingdom, and the priesthood, and the nice, sanctuary,

16 And told him that the treasury in Jeru18 As he promised in the law, will shortly salem was full of infinite sums of money, so that have mercy upon us, and gather us together out the multitude of their riches, which did not perof every land under heaven into the holy place : tain to the account of the sacrifices, was innu. for he hath delivered us out of great troubles, merable, and that it was possible to bring all and hath purified the place.

into the king's hand. 19 Now as concerning Judas Maccabeus, and 7 Now when Apollonius came to the king, his brethren, and the purification of the great and had shewed him of the money whereof he temple, and the dedication of the altar, was told, the king chose out Heliodorus his

20 And the wars against Antiochus Epiph- treasurer, and sent him with a commandment anes, and Eupator his son,

to bring him the aforesaid money. 21 And the manifest signs that came from 8 So forthwith Heliodorus took his journey, heaven unto those that behaved themselves man- under a colour of visiting the cities of Celofully to their honour for Judaism : so that, being syria and Phenice, but indeed to fulfil the but a few, they overcame the whole country, king's purpose. and chased barbarous multitudes,

9 And when he was come to Jerusalem, and 22 And recovered again the temple renowned had been courteously received of the high all the world over, and freed the city, and up- priest of the city, he told him what intelligence held the laws which were going down, the was given of the money, and declared whereLord being gracious unto them with all favour : fore he came, and asked if these things were

23 All these things, I say, being declared by indeed. Jason of Cyrene in five books, we will assay to 10 Then the high priest told him that there abridge in one volume.

was such money laid up for the relief of widows 24 For considering the infinite number, and and fatherless children : the difficulty which they find that desire to look 11 And that some of it belonged to Hirca. into the narrations of the story, for the variety nus son of Tobias, a man of great dignity, and of the matter,

not as that wicked Simon had misinformed: 25 We have been careful, that they that will the sum whereof in all was four hundred talents read might have delight, and that they that are of silver, and two hundred of gold : desirous to commit to memory might have case, 12 And that it was altogether impossible that and that all into whose hands it comes might such wrongs should be done unto them, that had have profit.

committed it to the holiness of the place, and to 26 Therefore to us, that have taken upon us the majesty and inviolable sanctity of the temple, this painful labour of abridging, it was not easy, honoured over all the world. but a matter of sweat and watching;

13 But Heliodorus, because of the king's 27 Even as it is no ease unto him that pre-commandment given him, said, That in any pareth a banquet, and seeketh the benefit of wise it must be brought into the king's tres. others: get for the pleasuring of many we will sury. andertake gladly this great pains; .

114 So at the day which he appointed he en28 Leaving to the author the exact handling tered in to order this matter: wherefore there


Apocrypha. was no small agony throughout the whole city. l 33 Now as the high priest was making an

15 But the priests, prostrating themselves atonement, the same young men in the same before the altar in their priests' vestments, called clothing appeared and stood beside Heliodorus, unto heaven upon him that made a law con- saying, Give Onias the high priest great thanks, cerning things given to be kept, that they should insomuch as for his sake the Lord hath granted safely be preserved for such as had committed thee life : them to be kept.

34 And seeing that thou hast been scourged 16 Then whoso had looked the high priest in from heaven, declare unto all men the mighty the face, it would have wounded his heart: for power of God. And when they had spoken his countenance and the changing of his colour these words, they appeared no more. declared the inward agony of his mind.

35 So Heliodorus, after he had offered sa17 For the man was so compassed with fear crifice unto the Lord, and made great vows and horror of the body, that it was manifest to unto him that had saved his life, and saluted them that looked upon him, what sorrow he Onias, returned with his host to the king. had now in his heart.

136 Then testified he to all men the works of 18 Others ran flocking out of their houses the great God, which he had seen with his eyes. to the general supplication, because the place 37 And when the king asked Heliodorus, who was like to come into contempt.

might be a fit man to be sent yet once again to 19 And the women, girt with sackcloth un- Jerusalem, he said, der their breasts, abounded in the streets ; and 38 If thou hast any enemy or traitor, send the virgins that were kept in, ran, some to the him thither, and thou shalt receive him well gates, and some to the walls, and others looked scourged, if he escape with his life : for in that out of the windows.

place, no doubt, there is an especial power of 20 And all holding their hands toward hea- | God. ven, made supplication.

| 39 For be that dwelleth in heaven hath his 21 Then it would have pitied a man to see eye on that place, and defendeth it; and he the falling down of the multitude of all sorts, beateth and destroyeth them that come to and the fear of the high priest, being in such an hurt it. agony.

40 And the things concerning Heliodorus, °22' Then they called upon the Almighty Lord and the keeping of the treasury, fell out on to keep the things committed of trusl safe and this sort. sure for those that had committed them.

CHAP. IV. 23 Nevertheless, Heliodorus executed that THIS Simon now, of whom we spake afore, which was decreed.

1 having been a bewrayer of the money, and 24 Now as he was there present himself of his country, slandered Onias, as if he had with his guard about the treasury, the Lord of terrified Heliodorus, and been the worker of spirits, and the Prince of all power, caused a these evils. great apparition, so that all that presumed to 2 Thus was he bold to call him a traitor, come in with him were astonished at the power that had deserved well of the city, and tendered of God, and fainted, and were sore afraid." his own nation, and was so zealous of the laws.

25 For there appeared unto them an horse 3 But when their hatred went so far, that with a terrible rider upon him, and adorned by one of Simon's faction murders were com. with a very fair covering, and he ran fiercely, initted, and smote at Heliodorus with his fore-feet, 4 Onias seeing the danger of this contention, and it seemed that he that sat upon the horse and that Apollonius, as being the governor of had coinplete harness of gold.

Celosyria and Phenice, did rage, and increase 26 Moreover, two other young men appeared Simon's malice, before him, notable in strength, excellent in 5 He went to the king, not to be an accuser beauty, and comely in apparel, who stood by of his countrymen, but seeking the good of him on either side, and scourged him continual- all, both public and private : ly, and gave him many sore stripes.

I 6 For he saw that it was impossible that the 27 And Heliodorus fell suddenly unto the state should continue quiet, and Simon leave ground, and was compassed with great dark- his folly, unless the king did look thereunto. ness : but they that were with him took him 7 But after the death of Seleucus, when Anup, and put him into a litter.

tiochus, called Epiphanes, took the kingdom, 23 Thus him, that lately came with a great Jason the brother of Onias laboured underhand train and with all his guard into the said trea- to be high priest. sury, they carried out, being unable to help 8 Promising unto the king by intercession himself with his weapons: and manifestly they three hundred and threescore talents of silver, acknowledged the power of God:

and of another revenue eighty talents : 29 For he by the hand of God was cast down, 9 Beside this, he promised to assign an hunand lay speechless without all hope of life. dred and fifty more, if he might have license

30 But they praised the Lord, that had mi- to set him up a place for exercise, and for the raculously honoured his own place: for the training up of youth in the fashions of the temple, which a little afore was full of fear and heathen, and to write them of Jerusalem by trouble, when the Almighty Lord appeared, was the name of Antiochians. filled with joy and gladness.

110 Which when the king had granted, and 31 Then straightway certain of Heliodorus' he had gotten into his hand the rule, he forthfriends prayed Onias, that he would call upon with brought his own nation to the Greekish the Most High, to grant him his life, who lay fashion. ready to give up the ghost.

| 11 And the royal privileges granted of spo32 So the high priest, suspecting lest the cial favour to the Jews by the means of John king should misconceive that some treachery the father of Eupolemus, who went ambassador had been done to Heliodorus by the Jews, of to Rome for amity and aid, he took away; and fered a sacrifice for the health of the man. putting down the governments which were ac

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