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abundant acid ancient animal Aqua regia article of commerce Asia bark beautiful boiling Borax Brazil brought called camphor casks Ceylon chemical chiefly China climate cloth color common contains copper cotton cultivated derived diamond distillation dried employed England Europe exported extensively feet fibres flavor flowers France fruit furnishes Gamboge gems gold grain green grows GUM ARABIC gutta-percha heat hemp hight ICELAND MOSS important inches India iron islands Italy juice kernel kind known leaves liquors maize mangosteen manufacture medicine metal native obtained odor ornamental pearl Persia Peru plant pounds powder prepared principal produce purposes resembles root sago sal ammoniac salt seeds shell silk silver sometimes South America Spain species spermaceti stone substance sulphur supply taste thick thread tion tree tropical valuable varieties various vegetable vessels West Indies wood wool yellow
Seite 46 - The fruit is round or slightly oval, about the size of a large cocoanut, of a green colour, and covered all over with short stout spines the bases of which touch each other, and are consequently somewhat hexagonal, while the points are very strong and sharp. It is so completely armed, that if the stalk is broken off it is a difficult matter to lift one from the ground.
Seite 47 - ... spines, the bases of which touch each other, and are consequently somewhat hexagonal, while the points are very strong and sharp. It is so completely armed that if the stalk is broken off, it is a difficult matter to lift one from the ground. The outer rind is so thick and tough that from whatever height it may fall, it is never broken. From the base to the apex...
Seite 394 - In different countries fur the more ready remittance of money from one to another. By this means, at the present day, a man in any part of the civilized world may receive money from any trading country, Instead of being obliged to carry from home all over the earth the money he requires. Transactions of this kind are usually conducted by persons known as exchange brokers, who are acquainted with different merchants In various places at borne and abroad.
Seite 401 - A DRAWBACK in commerce is an allowance made to merchants on the re-exportation of certain goods, which in some cases consists of the whole and in others of a part of the duties which had been paid upon the merchandise.
Seite 335 - ... which all the organic matter will be decomposed. 10. In this state it is liable to become hard and unfit for the manufacturing process. To obviate this, the sponge is immersed in water containing from ten to twenty per cent, of glycerine, and then squeezed dry, after which it will be entirely soft and elastic. It is then cut into .small pieces, subjected to a carding process, and afterwards felted. Only certain qualities of sponge are capable of being spun into yarn for weaving. One of them is...
Seite 47 - ... brown sherry, and other incongruities. Then there is a rich glutinous smoothness in the pulp which nothing else possesses, but which adds to its delicacy. It is neither acid, nor sweet, nor juicy; yet one feels the want of none of these qualities, for it is perfect as it is.
Seite 24 - Several varieties of this plant are to be found in the different countries where it is cultivated, and which differ from each other in size, shape, and the flavour of the roots. The batata is propagated by laying down the young shoots in the spring ; indeed, in its native climate it multiplies itself almost spontaneously ; for if the branches of roots that have been pulled up are suffered to remain on the ground and a shower of rain falls soon after they have been broken off, their vegetation will...
Seite 401 - Cromwell seems to have given the first notions of a board of trade : in 1655 he appointed his son Richard, with many lords of his council, judges, and gentlemen, and about twenty merchants of London, York, Newcastle, Yarmouth, Dover, &c., to meet and consider by what means the trade and navigation of the republic might be best promoted.
Seite 25 - Dioscorea saliva— is a native of the East ; and is supposed to have been transplanted thence to the West Indies, as it has never been found growing wild in any part of America ; while in the island of Ceylon, and on the coast of Malabar, it flourishes in the woods with spontaneous and luxuriant growth. It is very extensively cultivated in Africa, Asia, and America, for its root, which is nutritious and of good flavour, and is used either roasted or boiled as a substitute for bread.