« ZurückWeiter »
ABATE. To cast down in spirit, Corio. iii. 3; to curtail, Mids. N. iii. 2.
ABATED. Depressed, subdued, Corio. iii. 3.
ABRIDGMENT. A term for a dramatic per-
ACONITUM. Aconite; wolfsbane. A poisonous herb, 2 Hen. IV. iv. 4. ACROSS. Used upon a failure in attempt at repartee; an allusion to jousting, All's W.
ACTURE. Action, Lovers' Comp. 27.
ADDITION. Title, or mark of distinction, Tr. Cr. i. 2, Ham. i. 4, Lear ii. 2.
ADDREST. Ready, prepared, Mids. N. v. 1. ADVICE. Consideration, Two Gen. V ii. 4. ADVISED. Sometimes used for cautious, circumspect, 2 Hen. VI. ii. 4. At others, used for aware, informed, conscious of, 2 Hen. VI.ii. 1. Mrs Quickly says-"A.e you avised o' that?" in the same sense, Me:. Wives i. 4.
AFFECTION. Affectation, Love's L. L. v. 1. AFFECTION. Used for constitutional inclination, tendency; involuntary sympathy or antipathy, Mer. Ven. iv. 1. AFFECTIONED. Affected, Tw. N. ii. 3. AFFECTS. Affections, passions, Oth. i 3, Rich.
II. i. 4. [In some editions "effects."] AFFEER'D. Confirmed, substantiated, Macb. iv. 3.
AFFIN'D. Joined by affinity, bound, Tr. Cr. i. 3, Oth. i. 1 & ii. 3, Ham. iv. 1. AFFRONT. To confront; meet face to face, Win. T. v. 1, Cymb. v. 3, Ham. iii. 1. "Affronted," Tr. Cr. iii. 2.
AFFY. To betroth; trust, or confide in, 2 Hen. VI. iv. i, Tit. And. i. 1. AGATE. Used in allusion to a small person; referring to the figures cut upon agates for rings, Much Ado iii. 1, 2 Hen. IV. i. 2. AGLET-BABY. A point for fastening dress, from Fr. Aiguillette, a tag; and from the tags, or points, being frequently in the form of small figures, Tam. S. i. 2. AGNIZE. To recognize, or acknowledge, Oth. i. 3.
A-GOOD. In good earnest, heartily, Two Gen. V. iv. 4.
AIERY. (Spelt also Eyry, from Teutonic Eyren, eggs.) A brood of eagles, or hawks, Rich. III. i. 3, Ham. ii. 2.
AIM. "Cry aim;" a term in archery of encouragement, Mer. W. ii. 3 & iii. 2.
AIM. Guess, conjecture, Two Gen. V. iii. 1,
A'-LIFE. Exceedingly; as my life, Win. T. iv. 3. ALL-HALLOWN SUMMER. A late Summer; All-Hallows, or All-Saints, occurring on the 1st Nov., 1 Hen. IV. i. 2. ALLOW. To approve, Lear ii. 4. ALLOWANCE. Approbation, Tr. Cr. ii. 3. ALL-THING. Every way, Macb. iii. 1. ALTHEA. Johnson was the first of the commentators to tell us that " Shakespeare is here mistaken in his mythology;" as it was not Althea, but Hecuba, who dreamed that she was delivered of a firebrand. It is not Shakespeare, but (most appropriately and characteristically, -a boy who has picked up a smattering of knowledge) the page, who trips; as Prince Hal points out by ironically paying the lad for his "good interpretation," 2 Hen. IV. ii. 2. That
Shakespeare knew the story of Althea, witness the passage in the earlier-written play, 2 Hen. VI. i. 1.
AMAIMON. The name of a Fiend, Mer. W. ii. 2, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 4.
AMES-ACE. The two Aces; from the Lat. Ambo, both, All's W. ii. 3.
AMORT. Dead, dispirited, Tam. S. iv. 3, 1 Hen. VI. iii. 2.
ANCHOR. Abbreviation of Anchoret, Hermit, Ham. iii. 2.
ANCIENT. Ensign; also ensign-bearer, 1 Hen. IV. iv. 2, Oth. i. 1 & ii. 3.
ANDREN. Holinshed (Shakespeare's authority) gives this as the name for the valley of Ardren; which, lying between Guynes and Ardres (the former then belonging to the English, and the latter to the French, was a fitting spot for the interview between Henry VIII. and Francis I., Hen. VIII. i. I.
ANGEL. A coin, value near ten shillings. Used punningly in 2 Hen. IV. i. 2. Used in Tam. S. iv. 2 ("ancient Angel") for a good old soul.
ANGLE. Fishing apparatus; used metaphori-
APPEACH. To impeach, accuse, Rich. II. v. 2.
APPERIL Peril, Tim. A. i. 2.
APPREHENSION. Used in the sense of brainconceit, or faculty for sarcastic sayings, Much Ado iii. 4. Sarcasm, taunting imputation, 1 Hen. VI. ii. 4. APPREHENSIVE. Quick in understanding, 2 Hen. IV. iv. 3.
APPROBATION. Used in the sense of proving, or establishing by prooi, Win. T. ii. 1, Hen.
V. i. 2. APPROOF. Approbation, Mea. M. ii. 4, All's W. i. 2, Ant. Cl. iii. 2. AQUA-VITÆ. An old term for Brandy, or other spirituous liquor, Tw. N. ii. 5, Rom. J. iii. 2 & iv. 5.
ARCH. Principal, leader, chief, Lear ii. 1. ARGAL. A corruption of the Lat. word Ergo, therefore, Ham. v. i.
ARGIER The old name for Algiers, Temp. i. 2.
ARGOSIES. Merchant vessels, Mer. Ven. i. 1 & v. 1, Tam. S. ii. 1.
ARM-GAUNT. Probably a misprint for "rampant," formerly spelt "rampaunt," Ant. Cl. i. 5.
AROINT. Avaunt, Macb. i. 3, Lear iii. 4, (Song.)
ATONE. To make at one, to agree, to reconcile, As You L. v. 4, Ant. Cl. ii. 2, Corio. iv. 6.
ATONEMENT. Reconciliation, Mer. W. i . Rich. III. i. 3.
ATTAINT. Taint, or any thing hurtful, as
weariness, Hen. V. iv. (Chor.,, Lucrece 154 ATTACHED WITH. Overpowered by, Temp. iii. 3, Tr. Cr v. 2. ATTENDED. Awaited, waited for, expected. Fr. Attendre, 3 Heu. VI. iv 6, Corio. i. 10. ATTORNEY. Shakespeare uses by attorney" for by deputy, As You L. iv. 1, Rich. III. v. 3. He uses "attorney" for intervention or interpretation by proxy, Rich. III. iv. 4 And " attorney" for the agent or proxy thus acting, Com. E. v. 1, 1 Hen. VI. v. Ju "Attorneyship," 1 Hen. VI. v. 5.
AUNT. A slang term for a bad woman, Wis. T. iv. 2, (Song.)
AVOUCH. Proof, testimony, Ham. i. 1. AWAY WITH. To endure, bear with, a Hea. IV. iii. 2.
AWFUL. For lawful, under the awe of an thority, Two Gen. V. iv. 1, 2 Hen. IV.
AWKWARD. Used in the sense of contrary, unfavourable, untoward, 2 Hen. VL ïii. 2.
BACCARE. A cant phrase, meaning, "Go back 1" Tam. S. ii. 1. BAFFLE. A punishment of recreant knights, by hanging them up by the heels, and beating them with sticks. From the Fr. Baffouer, or Baffoler, Tw. N. i 5, 1 Hen. IV. 1. 2.
BALDRICK. A belt, Much Ado i. r.
BALK. To bandy words as a disputant; fa
BALLOW. A provincial word for a pole or staff, Lear iv. 6.
BANDY. To strike to and fro; a term used in the game of Tennis, Rom. J. ii. 5. BARBASON. The name of a Fiend, Mer. W. ii. 2, Hen. V. ii. 1.
BARBED. A corruption of barded; barbe (or more properly barde) being a term for horse-armour, Rich. II. iii. 3, Rich. III. i. 1.
BARN. (Spelt also Barne.) A child, Much
BASES. A garment, worn from the waist by
BASILISK. A species of ordnance, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 3. The allusion is two-fold,-to the cannon, and to the serpent which is said to kill by its look, Hen. V. v. 2.
BASTA. An Italian term for enough, Tam. S. i. 1.
BASTARD. In ancient times not a term of reproach. Used as a title, 1 Hen. VI. i. 1 & 2, Tr. Cr. v. 8.
BASTARD. A Sweet Spanish wine, Meas. M. iii. 2, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 4.
BAT. A large stick, or club, Corio. i. 1, Lovers' Comp. 10.
BATE. Dispute, contention, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4. BATED. Bating, a term in falconry; to flutter, to beat the wings, from the Fr. Battre, 1 Hen. IV. iv. 1, Rom. J. iii. 2.
BATLET. A small bat, used in clothes-wash
ing, As You L. ii. 4.
BATTEN. To feed, or fatten, Corio. iv. 5, Ham.
BAVIN. A small brush-wood faggot; readily
BAWCOCK. From the Fr. Beau-coq. A fine, dashing fellow, Tw. N. iii. 4, Win. T. i. 2, Hen. V. iii. 2 & iv. 1.
BAY. Bay-window, or bow-window, Meas.
M. ii. 1, Tw. N. iv. 2.
BAYNARD'S. A residence of Rich. III. in London, and still gives name to one of the wards in that city-"Castle Baynard Ward," Rich. III. iii. 5.
BEARNS. (In Scotch, Bairns.) Children, All's
BEAVER. The front of the helmet, used for
BELL, BOOK, AND CANDLE. The form of excommunication used in the Romish Church: the bell being tolled, the book of offices for the occasion being read, and three candles extinguished, John iii. 3.
BEADS MAN. From Bede, a prayer, and from counting the beads of a rosary while praying, Two Gen. V. i. 1, Rich. II. iii. 2. BEARD. To dare face to face, 1 Hen. IV. iv. 1. BEARING-CLOTH. The cloth in which a child was carried to church to be baptized, Wint. T. iii. 3, 1 Hen. VI. i. 3. BEAR IN HAND. To lure on, to keep in false expectation, Much Ado iv. 1, Tam. S. iv. 2, 2 Hen. IV. i. 2.
BENEFIT. A law term, signifying as a beneficiary, 1 Hen. VI. v. 4. BENISON. Blessing, Macb. ii. 4, Peric. ii. (Gower), Lear i. 1 & iv. 6.
BENT. Stern glance; the eyes bent angrily on the object they behold, Hen. V. v. 2. Mora! force; strength of inclination, Much Ado ii. 3 & iv. 1, Jul. Cæs. ii. 1.
BERGOMASK. A clownish Italian dance; in imitation of the people of Bergomasca, a district in the Venetian States, Mids. N.
BERMOOTHES. The old name for Bermudas,
BESHREW. To curse. A shrewish woman was
BEVIS. A hero of chivalry; for whose marvellous exploits (amounting to the incredible) William the Conqueror created him Earl of Southampton, Hen. VIII. i. 1. BEVY. A flock of birds; applied to a company of ladies, Hen. VIII. i. 4. BEWRAY. To betray, to discover, Lear ii. 1, 3 Hen. VI. i. 1.
BEZONIAN. From the Ital. Bisogno, want. A beggar; also a rogue, a Hen. IV. v. 3, 2 Hen. VI. iv. 1.
BIAS. "Sphered bias cheek" means a cheek rounded like the bias of a bowl, Tr. Cr. iv. 5.
BID. Past tense of bided, or abided, endured, Rich. III. iv. 4.
BID. Invited, Mer. Ven. ii. 5, Titus A. i. 1. BIGGIN. A head-band of coarse cloth; so called because worn by the Beguines, an order of Nuns, 2 Hen. IV. iv. 4. BILBO A Sword; from Bilboa, a town in Spain famous for steel manufacture, Mer. W. i. & iii. 5.
BILBOES. Fetters, used at sea to confine prisoners; same derivation as above, Ham.
BILL. A halbert, used by watchmen, Much Ado iii. 3.
BILL. A placard, publicly set up by challengers, Much Ado i. 1.
BIRD-BOLT. A short, thick arrow, blunt at the end, to kill birds by the blow only, Much Ado i. 1, Love's L. L. iv. 3. BISSON. Blind, Corio. ii. 1, Ham. ii. 2. BITE THE EAR. Formerly used as a playful expression of loving kindness, Rom. J. ii 4.
BITE THE THUMB. An insulting action, performed by letting the thumb-nail jerk from the upper teeth with a clicking noise, as a challenge to quarrel, Rom. J. i. 1. BITTER SWEETING. See SWEETING, Rom. J. ii. 4. BLACK-MONDAY. Easter Monday. So named from the bitter cold of that day, on the 14th Ap. 1360, which carried of many of Edward III.'s soldiers, then before Paris, (STOWE,) Mer. Ven. ii. 5.
BLANK. The centre of the target, Lear i. 4, Oth. iii. 4.
BLANKS. "A mode of extortion (says Nares) by which 'blank' papers were given to the agents of the crown, which they were to fill up as they pleased, to authorize the demands they chose to make. No wonder they were thought oppressive," Rich. II. ii. 1.
BLENCH. To flinch, or start off, Mea. M. iv. 5. Also, a swerving, deviation, Sonnet 110. BLENT. Blended, Tw. N. i. 5, Mer. Ven. iii. 2. BLIND-WORM. A small snake, believed to be venomous; but it is harmless, Mid. N. ii. 3, (Song,) Macb. iv. 1. BLOCK. Formerly used for the shape or fashion of a hat, Much Ado i. 1, Lear iv. 6.
BLOOD. "In blood" was a term of the chase, applied to deer; meaning in good cond tion, vigorous, full of courage, Love's L L iv. 2, 1 Hen. VI. iv. 2. BLOOD. Used for disposition, impulse, Tim A. iv. 2, Cymb. i. 1, Lear iv. 2. BLOOD-BOLTERED. "Boltered," or baltered, is a provincial term for the hair being matted by exudation from a wound or disease. Clotted with gore, Macb. iv. 1.
BLOWN. Swollen, overcharged, puffed up, tumid, Lear iv. 4, Oth. iii. 3, Ant. CL v 2, Corio. v. 4.
BLOWS. Swells to bursting, Ant. Cl. iv 6. BLUE-BOTTLE. A term of reproach given to
servants; also to Beadles, from the colour of their livery, 2 Hen. IV. v. 4.
BOB. To cheat, or obtain by fraud, Tr. Cr. iii. 1, Oth. v. 1. Also, a taunt, or scoff, As You L. ii. 7.
BODGE. To budge, to give way, Fr. Bonger, 3 Hen. VI. i. 4.
BODKIN. A small dagger, Ham. iii. 1 In Stowe's Chron it is said that Jul. Casar was slain with "bodkins."
BOGGLER. A swerver from the right path; a vicious woman, Ant. Cl. iii. 11. BOLDS. Emboldens, Lear v. 1. BOLINS. Bowlines; ropes governing the sails of a ship, Peric. iii. 1. BOLLEN. Swollen, Lucrece 203. BOLT. A peculiar kind of arrow, pointed instead of blunted, like the bird-bolt, Cymla iv. 2, Mids. N. ii. z.
BOLTED. Sifted, Hen. V. ii. 2, Corio. iii. 1. BOLTING-HUTCH. The trough into which meal is sifted, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 4. BOMBARD. (Sometimes spelt Bumbard. species of cannon; also (on account of its similar appearance) a huge drinking ves sel, made of leather, Temp. ii. 2, 1 Hen IV. ii. 4, Hen. VIII. v. 3. BOMBAST. Stuffing. Doublets were stuffed out with cotton; hence applied metarhers cally, Love's L. L. v. 2, 1 Hen. IV. 4, Oth. i. 1.
BONA-ROBA. Ital. A courtezan, 2 Hen. IV. iii. 2.
BOOK. Nares says every kind of composition was called a "book." Shakespeare uses the word for a bond, or article of agreement, in 1 Hen. IV. ii. 1. BOOT. Something given over and above, Rich III. iv. 4.
BOOT. To "give the boots." An old prover. bial expression for mocking, making game of; also a rustic sportive punishment, To Gen. V. i 1. To boot, to avail, Two Gen. V. i. 1, Rich. II. iii. 4. BORE. The calibre of a cannon; used metaphorically, Ham. iv. 6, Cymb. iii. 2. Also, to pierce, to injure, Hen. VIII. i. 1. BORE, or BORNE IN HAND. Kept in expecta tion, Mea. M. i. 5, Ham. ii. 2.
BOSKY. Low Latin, Boscus; Ital. Besce