Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

woody, (sometimes spelt Busky,) Temp. iv. 1, í Hen. IV. v. 1.

BOSOм. Used by Shakespeare in the sense of
desire or revenge, Mea. M. iv. 3.
BOSOM. Signifying stomach, 2 Hen. IV. i. 3,
Corio. iii. 1.

BOSOM, TO THE. A not unusual address upon letters to ladies, Ham. ii. 2, (Let.) Ladies formerly wore pockets in front of their stays, in which they put their love-letters and tokens, Two Gen. V. iii. 1.

BOSSED. Embossed, or studded, Tam. S. ii. 1. BOTTLE OF HAY. A truss of hay, Mid. N.

iv. I.

BOUGHT AND SOLD. To be over-reached, or
disposed of out-and-out, Com. E. iii.
I,
Rich. III. v. 3, (Scroll.)
BOURN. Boundary, limit, Temp. ii. 1, Ant.
Cl. i. 1. Also a rivulet, Lear iii. 6, (Song.)
Bow. A yoke for oxen; called still, oxbow,
As You L. iii. 3.
BRABBLE. Brawl, quarrel, Tw. N. v. 1, Tit.
A. ii. 1.

BRACH. A scent-hound, Tam. S. 1, (Ind.) 1 Hen. IV. iii. 1, Tr. Cr. ii. 1, Lear i. 4 & iii. 6.

BRAID. Crafty, deceitful, All's W. iv. 2.
'BRAID. Abbreviation of upbraid, Peric. i. 1.
BRAIN. To beat out the brains, Temp. iii. 2.
Used metaphorically, ("brained,") Mea. M.

V. I.

BRAKE. A thicket, or thorny path, Mea. M. ii. 1, Hen. VIII. i. 2.

BRAVE, BRAVED, BRAVERY. Finely apparelled; also, flouted, dared; used punningly, Tam. S. v. 3.

BRAVERY. Bravado, Oth. i. 1.
BRAWL. From the Fr. Bransle. A lively,
bustling dance, Love's L. L. iii. 1.
BREAK UP. To carve. Used metaphorically
for opening a letter, Love's L. L. iv. 1, Mer.
Ven. ii. 4.
BREAST. Used to signify a musical voice,
Tw. N. ii. 3.

BREATH. Breathing, exercise, relaxation, Tr.
Cr. ii. 3. In the same sense, as a slight pas-
sage of arms, Tr. Cr. iv. 5.
BREATHED. Well exercised; kept in breath,
Tam. S. 2, (Ind.)

BREATHING. Action, exertion, exercise, All's
W. i. 2, Ham, v. 2.
BREED-BATE. A hatcher of quarrels, Mer.
W. i. 4. See BATE.

BRIEF. A short writing, 1 Hen. IV. iv. 4. Also,
speech, All's W. v. 3.
BRING.

"I'll be with you to bring," seems to have been a cant phrase in use formerly, from its occurring more than once in the pages of our early authors; but its precise signification has become unknown. Possibly, somewhat answering to the modern idiom, "I'll be even with you." Tr. Cr.

i. 2.

BRING ON THE WAY. To accompany, Mea. M. i. 1, Oth. iii. 4.

BRIZE. The gad-fly, (also spelt Breese,) Ant. Cl. iii. 8, Tr. Cr. i. 3.

BROACH. To spit, or transfix; Fr. Broche,
Hen. V. v. (Chor.), Tit. A. iv. 2.

BROCK. Badger; frequently used as a term
of abuse, Tw. N. ii. 5.
BROGUES. "Clouted brogues," nailed shoes,
Cymb. iv. 2.
BROKE CROSS.

[ocr errors]

It was reckoned disgraceful, at tilting, to have the lance broken across the person of the antagonist, instead of by a straight thrust, Much Ado v. I. BROKEN. For broken their minds to, communicated, Hen. VIII. v. 1. "Break with" is used for break the matter to, Two Gen. V. i. 3. BROKEN MOUTH. A mouth that has lost some of its teeth, All's W. ii. 3. BROKEN MUSIC. Mr Chappell, in his valuable work on "English Minstrelsy," states that "broken music" meant what we now term a "stringed band;" probably because stringed instruments (being formerly played without a bow) were incapable of giving sustained notes. It affords the poet punning allusion, As You L. i. 2, Hen. V. v. 2. This explanation informs us that the musicians, heard by Pandarus, are playing on stringed instruments, Tr. Cr. iii. 1. BROKER. A procurer, Two Gen. V. i. 2, Tr. Cr. iii. 2 & V. II.

BROKES. Deals, or acts as an agent, or pro

curer, All's W. iii. 5.

BROOCH. An ornament, Rich II. v. 5. BROOCH'D. Ornamented, Ant. Cl. iv. 13. BROODED. For brooding; used figuratively, in the sense of vigilant as birds while brooding, John iii. 3

BROWNIST. A religious sectarian, Tw. N.

iii. 2.

BRUIT. Rumour, report, Fr. Bruit, noise, 3 Hen. VI. iv. 7, Tim. A. v. 2.

BRUITED. Noised abroad, proclaimed, Macb. v. 7.

BUBUKLES. A humorous corruption of carbuncle, Hen. V. iii. 6.

BUCK. Liquor, or lye, for washing linen.
Hence, used for the quantity of linen washed
at a time, 2 Hen. VI. iv. 2.
BUCK-BASKET. The basket used for carrying
linen to be washed, Mer. W. iii. 3 & 5.
BUCKING. Washing, Mer. W. iii. 3.
BUCKLE. To cope, to engage with, 1 Hen.
VI. i. 2 & v. 3.

BUCKLERS. "To give the bucklers," to yield
the victory, Much Ado v. 2.
BUCKLERSBURY. A street in London, in for-
mer times chiefly inhabited by druggists,
who sold medicinal herbs, or simples, Mer.
W. iii. 3.

BUFF JERKIN. A leather waistcoat of ox-hide; Fr. Bauf. A dress worn by catch-poles, or sheriffs' officers, Com. E. iv. 2, 1 Hen. IV. i. z.

BUG, BUG-BEAR. Hob-goblin, Tam. S. i. 2,

Cymb. v. 3, 3 Hen. VI. v. 2, Ham, v. 2,
Cr. iv. 2.

BULK. The chest; the region of the breast,
Rich. III. i. 4, Ham. ii. 1, Lucrece 67.
BUNG. A term of abuse and disgust for a

sharper or thief, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4.

BUNTING. A small bird, resembling a lark, All's W. ii. 5.

BURGONET. A species of helmet, 2 Hen. VI. v. 1, Ant. Cl. i. 5.

BURN DAY-LIGHT. A proverbial phrase, meaning, to use superfluous actions, Mer. W. ii. 1, Rom. J. i. 4.

BURST. Formerly used for to break, Tam.
S. 1, (Ind.) 2 Hen. IV. iii. 2.
BUT.

In the sense of only, unless, except, Temp. i. 2, Macb. i. 7, Ant. Cl. iii. 9, 2 Hen. IV. v. 3, Peric. iii. 1. BUTT-SHAFT. An arrow, without a barb, to shoot at butts; so that it may be easily drawn out, Love's L. L. i. 2, Rom J. ii. 4. BUTTERY-BAR. The place where the meat and drink were dispensed, Tw. N. i. 3. BUXOм. Fresh, lively, jolly, Hen. V. iii. 6, Peric. i. (Gower.)

Tr. 1

[blocks in formation]

CADENT. Falling. Lat Cadens, Lear i. 4. CAKE. "My cake is dough," an old proverb; meaning, a cake from the oven spoiled; and implying defeated expectation, Tam. S. i. 1 & v. 1. CALF'S-SKIN. The fools, in great families, were frequently clad in calf's-skin jerkins. Constance, therefore, means to call Austria a fool, John iii. 1.

CALIPOLIS. A character in an inflated drama of the time, quoted by Pistol, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4.

CALIVER. A musket; a small gun used at sea, 1 Hen. IV. iv. 2, 2 Hen. IV. iii. 2. CALLAT, or Callet. A worthless woman, Win. T. ii. 3, 2 Hen. VI. i. 3, 3 Hen. VI. ii. 2, Oth. iv. 2. CALLINO CASTORE ME. The beginning of an old Irish song, supposed to be quoted by Pistol, on hearing himself addressed in a language he does not understand, Hen. V. iv. 4.

CALL TO YOU. Call on you;

A. i. 2.

visit you,

Tim.

CAMELOT. A town in Somersetshire (now called Camel, or rather, Queen Camel) where King Arthur held his court. Shake

speare's allusion to the place refers to its being famous for a breed of geese, Lear ii. 2.

CAN. To be capable, able. To know, to be skilful in, Ham. iv. 7, Phoenix and turtle, 4 Peric. iii. (Gower), [some editions, in the last passage, have "'gan."] CANARY, or CANARIES. A sprightly dance, All's W. ii. 1, Love's L. L. iii. r. Mrs Quickly confuses it with " Quandary, "-a vulgar word for perplexity, Mer. W. ii. 2. The name of a wine (from the Canary Islands), Mer. W. iii. 2, Tw. N. i. 3. CANDLES' ENDS. Idiots formerly swallowed "candles' ends for flap-dragons," to show their devotion to their sweethearts, 2 Hea. IV. ii. 4. CANDLE-WASTERS. Night-revellers, Much Ado v. I. CANE-COLOURED. A farther definition of the "yellow beard," mentioned as Master Slender's; yet some editors print "Caincoloured," explaining it to mean red; that hue of hair being popularly ascribed to both Cain and Judas, as the colour held to be ugest, Mer. W. i. 4. CANKER. The dog-rose, or common single wild rose, Much Ado i. 3, 1 Hen. IV. i. L Sonnet 54.

CANKER. A caterpillar, Mids. N. ii. 3, Sonnet 35 & 70.

Let

CANON. Law, or rule, Love's L. L. i. 1,
ter,) Corio. iii. 1, Ham. i. 2.
CANSTICK. Candlestick, 1 Hen. IV. iii, 1.
CANTIE. A portion, Hen. IV. iii. 1, Ant.
Cl. iii. 8.

CANTONS. Songs, Tw. N. i. 5. CANVASS. To sift, scrutinize, bring to the test, 1 Hen. VI. i. 3. CAPABLE. Susceptible, Love's L. L. iv. 2 Hen. VIII. v. 2. CAPITULATE. To draw up into heads articles of remonstrance; to resist by protest, r Hea. IV. iii. 2. To treat with, to defer to by entering into stipulations or conditions with, Corio. v, 3.

CAPOCCHIA. A fabricated feminine of the Ital. Capocchio: a fool, a simpleton, Tr. Cr. iv. 2.

CAPON. A cant word for a love-letter; originating in a French custom of conveying letters of gallantry in fowls, sent as presents, Fr. Poulet, Love's L. L. iv. 1. CAPRICIOUS. Goat-like, whimsical, wanton, Lat. Caper, As You L. iii. 3. CAPTAIN. Chief; more excellent, or valoable. Used adjectively, Tim. A. iii. 5, Sonnet 52. CAPTIOUS. Capable to take, All's W. i. 3. CARBONADO. A slice of meat, scored, for cooking on the coals, 1 Hen. IV. v. 3. Corio. iv. 5. Carded. iii. 2.

Debased by mixing, Hen. IV.

CARD OF TEN. An old proverbial term, im

Cr. v. 2.

plying success; ten being the highest card, CASTLE. A close helmet, Tit. And. iii. 1, Tr. Tam. S. ii. 1. CARDUUS BENEDICTUS. The blessed thistle, Much Ado iii. 4. CAREIRES. To pass the carriere, was a military phrase for running a charge, or career, in a tournament. Used metaphorically-say whimsically, Mer. W. i. 1.

CARKANET. A necklace, Com. E. iii. 1, Son-
net 52.

CARL. Clown, peasant, boor, Cymb. v. 2.
CARLOT. The same meaning, As You L. iii. 5.
CARPET CONSIDERATION. A carpet knight

was one created during a time of peace, and
by favour, Tw. Niii. 4.
CARPET-MONGER. The same sort of person,
Much Ado v. 2.

CARPING. Querulously catching at trifles; petulantly censuring, Much Ado iii. 1, 1 Hen. IV. iii. 2, 1 Hen. VI. iv. 1, Rich. III. iii. 5.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

iv. 3. CASTALIAN. In the Folio, this word is printed "Castalion," which the majority of editors change to "Castilian," explaining it to have been popular as a term of reproach after the defeat of the Spanish Armada. But the context ("Hector of Greece, my boy,") makes it probable that there is an intended reference to the Castalian spring; as the host's rodomontade contains a purposely confused mixture of complimentary and contemptuous, classical and coarse, allusion, Mer. W. ii. 3. CASTILIANO VULGO. Possibly a hint from Sir Toby to Maria, to put on a grave, or "Castilian" manner, at the approach of Sir Andrew; the Castilians being famed for staid bearing, Tw. N. i. 3.

CATAIAN. A thief, or sharper. Cataia, or
Cathay, the old name for China; the
Chinese being reputed acute thieves, Mer.
W. ii. t.
Sir Toby calls his niece thus, as
we playfully call those we like "rogue,'
Tw. N. ii. 3.
CATER-COUSINS. From the Fr. "quatre-
cousin" a word in ridicule of claiming
kindred even to remotest degree, Mer. Ven.

ii. 2.
CATES. Delicate viands, Tam. S. ii. 1, 1 Hen.
IV. iii. 1.
CATLING. A small violin string made of cat-
gut, Tr. Cr. iii. 3. Simon Catling is the
name for a fiddler, Rom. J. iv. 5.
CAVALEROES. Cavaliers; gay, dashing fel-
lows, 2 Hen. IV. v. 3. "Cavalero-justice,"
Mer. W. ii. 1.

CAVIARE. A delicacy made of the roe of
sturgeon, salted and dried. It comes from
Russia; and being a rarity in Shakespeare's
time, he applied the word metaphorically,
as being unknown to the generality of people,
Ham. ii. 2.
CAUSE. Motive, impellent, incitement, Macb.
v. 2, Ham. v. 2.
CAUSE, FIRST AND SECOND. A term used
in the science of duelling, Love's L. L. i. 2,
Rom. J. ii. 4. "The Seventh Cause," As
You L. v. 4.
CAUTEL. From the Roman law-term, Cau-
tela, a caution, or security. Used in a crafty
sense, Ham. i. 3, Lover's Comp. 44.
CAUTELOUS. Cautious, artful, deceitful,
Corio. iv. 1, Jul. Cæs. ii. 1.

CENSER. The censer was used by barbers to
perfume their shops, Tam. S. iv. 3.
CENSURE Judgment, opinion, Two Gen. V.
i. 2, 2 Hen. VI. i. 3, Rich. III. ii. 2. A judi-
cial sentence, Oth. v. 2.

CENTURY. A company of a hundred men,
Lear iv. 4, Corio. i. 7.
CEREMENTS. Waxed cloths, in which em-
balmed bodies were wrapped, Ham. i.

4.

CEREMONIES. Regal and pompous ornaments,
Jul. Cæs. i. 1. Also prodigies, Jul. Cæs. ii.
I & 2.

CERTES. Of a truth, certainly, Temp. iii. 3. CESS. Rule, or measure; "Out of all cess," 1 Hen. IV. ii. 1.

CESSE. An old form of cease; used here for
the sake of rhyme, All's W. v. 3.
CHAIN. A chain was a badge of various
dignities and callings, Much Ado ii. 1, Tw.
N. ii. 3.
CHAIR. Public rostrum for orations; from
the Fr. Chaire, pulpit, Corio. iv. 7, Jul.
Cæs. iii. 2. Seat of office, Corio. iii. 2.
Throne, 3 Hen. VI. ii. 6.
CHAMBER. Mr Payne Collier says London
was called "The King's Chamber," "Ca-
mera Regis," from the time of the Conquest

downwards, Rich. III. iii. 1. A piece of ordnance, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4.

CHAMBERER. A dangler, an idler, Oth. iii. 3. CHAMBERLAIN. A servant who has the care of chambers, Macb. i. 7, Tim. A. iv. 3, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 1.

CHAMPAIGN, CHAMPAIN, CHAMPIAN.

Open

country, Tw. N. ii. 5, Lear i. 1. CHANNEL. An old word for a kennel, or gutter, 3 Hen. VI. ii. 2, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 1.

CHAPE. The hook by which a dagger or sword

hangs, All's W. iv. 3.

CHARACT. A distinctive mark, Mea. M. v. 1. CHARACTER. Hand-writing, Lear i. 2, Tw.

N. v. 1. Also, to imprint, Ham. i. 3. CHARACTERY. That which is legible by characters, marks, or traces, Mer. W. v. 5, Jul. Cæs. ii. 1. CHARE, Char-work, common, casual, tasklabour. Still used in the form of charwoman, Ant. Cl. iv. 13 & v. 2. CHARGE-HOUSE. A common school; to distinguish it from the free-school, Love's L. L. v. 1. CHARIEST. The most reserved and scru

pulous, Ham. i. 3.

CHARINESS. Discretion, caution, Mer. W. ii. 1. CHARLES' WAIN. The constellation of seven

stars, wheeling round the north pole, called the Great Bear, Ursa major, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 1.

CHARM. To conjure, invoke, or evoke by fas

cinating means, Jul. Cæs. ii. 1, Cymb. i. 7. CHARMED. Magically preserved, Cymb. v. 3. CHARMING. Magically inspiring, Cymb. v. 3. CHARNECO. A Spanish, or Portuguese wine, 2 Hen. VI. ii. 3.

CHASES. "A chase at Tennis is the duration

of a contest between the players, in which the strife on each side is kept up by the ball," (PAYNE COLLIER), Hen. V. i. 2. CHAUDRON. The entrails of a beast, Macb.

iv. 1.

CHEATER. Used punningly for escheater; an
officer in the Exchequer, whose duty was to
exact forfeitures, Mer. W. i. 3.
CHECK. A term in falconry. To change from
one prey to another, Tw. N. iii. 1.
CHEER. Aspect, countenance, Mer. Ven. iii. 2,
Mids. N. iii. 2, 1 Hen. VI. i. 2.
CHERRY-PIT. A boy's game, consisting of pitch-
ing cherry-stones into a hole, Tw. N. iii. 4.
CHEVERIL. Leather made from kid's skin, Fr.
Chevreau. Being pliable, the term was used
metaphorically, Tw. N. iii. 1, Rom. J. ii. 4,
Hen. VIII. ii. 3.

CHEW To ruminate, Jul. Cæs. i. 2.
CHEWET. Fr. Chouette: a chough, a jack-daw,
1 Hen. IV. v. I.
CHIDING. Resounding; the cry of hounds,
Mids. N. iv. 1.

CHILD. A youth trained to arms. title, Lear iii. 4, (Song.)

CHILDING. Bearing children, or offspring;

fruitful, Mids. N. ii. 2.

CHILDNESS. Childishness, Win. T. i. 2.

Used as a

CHOPINE. A high shoe, or clog, Ham. ii z CHOUGH. A sea-side crow, Lear iv. 6, Temp. ii. 1, Mids. N. iii. 2. CHRISTENDOM. A term used for the Christian part of the world, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 1. For Christianity, John iv. 1. For Christian names, All's W. i. 1. CHRISTOM. Mrs Quickly's corruption, for Chrisome, Chrysom, or Chrisme; the cloth put upon a child newly baptized, Hen. V. ii. 3.

CHUFF. A fat, swinish, and avaricious person, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 2. CINQUE-PACE. A dance, (called also a Galiard. the steps of which were regulated by the num ber five, Much Ado ii. r. CIRCUMSTANCE. Particulars of argument, Tr Cr. iii. 2.

CIRCUMSTANCED. Submissive to circumstances, Oth. iii. 4.

CITAL. Recital, citation, 1 Hen. IV. v. 2 CITIZEN. Used adjectively, for town-nurtured, Cymb. iv. 2.

CITTERN. A musical instrument resembarg the guitar, Love's L. L. v. 2. CLACK-DISH or CLAP-DISH. The beggar's wooden dish, with a cover; which he used to clack, to draw attention, Mea. M. iii. 2. CLAMOUR. The concluding crash in a pea bell-ringing, called by abbreviation the "Clam" also technically termed "Firing The silence that ensues makes Shakespeare's use of "Clamour your tongues," pecularly appropriate, Win. T. iv. 3. CLAW. To flatter; from to scratch, or tickle, Much Ado i. 3.

CLEAN. Entirely, completely, Rich. II. iii.
CLEAR STORIES. A term in architecture for a
row of windows running along the upper part
of the wall of an apartment, Tw. N. iv. 2.
CLEPE. To call, to name, Macb. iii. 1, Ham
i. 4.
CLIFF. From the Fr. Cief, a key. A terra in
music, Tr. Cr. v. 2.

CLING. To shrivel, to shrink up, to waste,
consume, Macb. v. 5.
CLINQUANT. Glittering. Fr. Clinquant, tinsel,
Hen. VIII.i. r.

CLIP. To enfold, to embrace, Corio, i. 6, Jala v. 2, Win. T. v. 2.

CLIPPER. A debaser of coin, by cutting or capping the edges, Hen. V. iv. 1.

CLOSE. To conciliate by agreeing with; to comply; to come round to the same opinion with, to finally assent, Mea. M. v. 1, 2 Hen. IV. ü 4, Jul. Cæs. iii. 1. [In the passage from Measure for Measure, the word "gloze" has been substituted in some editions; but the other passages show "close" (as in Fon edition) to be right.] To join, to unite, R J. ii. 6. "Closing," Hen. IV. (Chorus} CLOUD IN HIS FACE. Said of a horse that has a dark-coloured spot between the eyes; a mak supposed to be indicative of bad temper, Ant a. iii. 2.

CLOUT. A cloth, or towel, John iii. 4, Rich. III. i. 3, Ham. ii. 2.

CLOUT. The centre of the butt at which archers

aim, Love's L. L. iv. 1, 2 Hen. IV. iii. 2. CLOY. An old form of the word claw; to stroke with the claw, Cymb. v. 4.

CLUBS. In an affray in London, the cry used to be, "Clubs! clubs"-whether to part, or join the combatants, As You L. v. 2, Hen. VIII. v. 3. COACH-FELLOW.

A horse employed to draw with another. By metaphor, a close companion, Mer. W. ii. 2.

COALS. "To carry coals;" to submit to any degradation; the lowest menials being the carriers of wood and coal, Hen. V. iii. 2, Rom. J. i. 1. COASTING.

Sideling, conciliating, enticing, Tr. Cr. iv. 5.

COBLOAF. Minshew says: "It is a little loaf made with a round head, such as cob-irons, which support the fire," Tr. Cr. ii. 1. Соск. A subterfuge oath, used instead of the name of the Deity, Ham. iv. 5, (Song.) Cock. The name of a small boat; a cockboat, Lear iv. 6. COCKATRICE. A fabulous serpent, crested like a cock; supposed to kill with its looking, Tw. N. iii. 4, Rom. J. iii. 2, Rich. III. iv. 1. COCKLE. A weed in corn-fields, Love's L. L. iv. 3.

COCKLED. Used by Shakespeare for enshelled. Fr. Coquille, Love's L. L. iv. 3. COCKLE HAT. A cockle shell worn in the hat was the distinction of a pilgrim, Ham. iv. 5, (Song.)

COCKNEY. The ordinary use of the word is as a cant name for a Londoner. Shakespeare uses the word for a cook, Lear ii. 4; and for an affected, conceited fellow, Tw. N. iv. 1. COCKREL. A young cock, Temp. ii. 1, Rom. J. i. 3.

COCK-SHUT TIME. Twilight. The time for ensnaring woodcocks, that then come out to feed, Rich. III. v. 3.

COCTUS. Cooked, boiled, sodden, Love's L. L. iv. 2.

COFFIN. The raised crust of a pie, Tit. A. v. 2. Custard-coffin," Tam. S. iv. 3.

COG. To cheat, to play falsely with dice, Mer.

W. iii. 3, Love's L. L. v. 2.

COIGNE. The corner-stone of a building, Macb. i. 6, Corio. v. 4.

Co. Bustle, tumult, confusion, Temp. i. 2,
Two Gen. V. i. 2, Much Ado v. 2.
COLBRAND. A Danish giant, overcome by Guy
Earl of Warwick, John i. 1, Hen. VIII. v. 3.
COLLECT. To gather by observation, 2 Hen.
VI. iii. 1.

[ocr errors]

COLLOP. A piece of meat. Used metaphorically for a portion, Win. T. i. 2, 1 Hen. VI.

COLLECTION. Conclusion, or consequence drawn, Ham. iv. 5, Cymb. v. 5. COLLIED. Smudged with coal, blackened, discoloured, darkened, Mids. N. i. 1, Oth. ii. 3. COLLIER. Formerly a word of insult, Tw. N. iii. 4, Love's L. L. iv. 3, Rom. J. i. 1.

V. 4. COLMES-KILL. An island in the Hebrides, Macb. ii. 4. COLOURS.

"Fear no colours.". A military term, meaning, Fear not the enemy, Tw. N. i.

5.

COLT. To trick, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 2.
CO-MART. Bargain, covenant, treaty, Ham. i.

I.

Contracted, betrothed, Mea. M.

COMBINATE. iii. I. COME OFF. In modern vulgar parlance, to 'come down with" [money], Mer. W. iv. 3. Used in the modern artistic sense of "come out," "stand forth clearly," Tim. A. i. 1. COMFORTING. Used in its legal sense, "com

forting and abetting," Win. T. ii. 3. COMMA. Used to indicate the minutest stop, Tim. A. i. 1. As a link of amicably harmonious connexion, Ham. v. 2. In the latter instance, commentators have explained the allusion as being to the smallest point in punctuation; but we take it to be "comma," the term applied by theoretical musicians to "the least of all the sensible intervals in music" showing the exact proportions between concords. Tuners of organs and pianofortes use the word thus to the present day. For a farther explanation of "comma," as a musical term, see Hawkins's Hist. of Music, pp. 28, 122, and 410, Novello's edition, 1853. The context of the passage in "Hamlet," shows the far greater probability that Shakespeare had in view a term referring to concord, than one alluding to the method of stopping. COMMODITY. Convenience, advantage, interest, John ii. 2. COMMUNICATION. Used in the sense of comment, animadversion upon, Hen. VIII. i. 1. COMPANION. Used as a term of contempt, Corio. iv. 5, Jul. Cæs. iv. 3. COMPARATIVE. Dealer in comparisons and witticisms of analogy, 1 Hen. IV. i. 2 & iii. 2. COMPASSED WINDOW. A recessed, or bowwindow, Tr. Cr. i. 2.

COMPASSIONATE. Used in the sense of complaining, Rich. II. i. 3.

COMPETITOR. Used in the sense of a confederate, a colleague, Ant. Cl. i. 4, & ii. 7, &

V. I.

COMPLEMENT.

Full observance, Mer. W. iv. Accomplishment, completeness, Love's L. L. i. 1 & iii. 1.

2.

COMPLEXION. Temperament, constitutional ten

dency, Ham. i. 4. COMPOSURE.

Combination, agreement, Tr.

Cr. ii. 3.

COMPROMISED. Used in the sense of pro-
mised with each other, or mutually agreed,
Mer. Ven. i. 3.
COMPTIBLE. Sensitive, susceptible, Tw. N. i. 5.
CON. To know, to learn, Tw. N. i. 5, Mids.
N. i. 2. To study to express, Tim. A. iv. 3.

« ZurückWeiter »