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that the uprooter died mad, Ant. Cl. i. 5, Oth. iii. 3, 2 Hen. VI. iii. 2, Rom. J. iv. 3. MANKIND. Mannish, masculine, manlike, Win. T. ii. 3. Asked in this sense, answered in the usual sense of the word,-human-kind, Corio. iv. 2.
MANNER. To be "taken with the manner," meant to be taken in the fact, Love's L. L. i. 1, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 4. MANNINGTREE OX. Manningtree, in Essex, was famous for its statute fair, its breed of cattle, and for its roasted ox (whole) at fairtime, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 4.
MAN-QUELLER. A murderer; more anciently, an executioner, 2 Hen IV. ii. 1.
MANY. The many meant the populace, or a multitude; in modern phrase, the million, 2 Hen. IV. i. 3.
MARCHES. The lands on each side of a
country's boundary, Hen. V. i. 2 MARCH-PANE. A confectionary compounded
of sugar and pounded almonds, Rom. J. i. 5. MARE. To "ride the wild mare," meant to play at see-saw, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4. MARGENT, or MARGIN. Alluding to the margins of old books, which contained a commentary on the subject-matter of the page, Rom. J. i. 3, Ham. v. 2. MARIAN.
Maid Marian was Robin Hood's mistress. In after years, introduced into the Morris-dances; when the character was generally performed by a man, 1 Hen. IV. iii. 3. MARRY TRAP. A cant exclamation, when
likely to be caught, Mer. W. i. 1. MART. To traffic, or deal; from the substantive, mart, a market, Jul. Cæs. iv. 3. "Marted," Win. T. iv. 3. MARTLEMAS. A corruption of Martinmas; a feast occurring on the 11th of November; facetiously applied to Falstaff, as on the decline, like the year, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 2. MARY-BUDS. Flowers of the Mary-gold; which open in the morning and close at sunset, Cymb ii. 3. Marigold," Win. T. iv. 3. MATCH. To set a match," was a technical expression among thieves for making an appointment to rob, 1 Hen. IV. i. 2. MATED. To bewilder, stupefy, confound, or overpower, Com. E. iii. 2. & v. 1, Macb. v. 1. MATES. The various editors contend that this word means either to confound, destroy; or an allusion to chess-playing. But we feel it to comprise both senses,-Shakespeare often using words thus comprehensively, 2 Hen. VI. iii. 1.
MAUGRE. In spite of; Fr. Malgré, Tw. N. iii. 1, Tit. A. iv. 2, Lear v. 3. MAUND. A basket, Lover's Comp. 6.
MAW. The stomach, Mea. M. iii. 2, Macb. iv. I.
MAZZARD. A familiar word for the head, Ham. v. 1, Oth. ii. 3.
MEACOCK. A sneak and a coward, Tam. S. ii.
MEALED. Mingled, mixed, Mea. M. iv. 2.
MEANS AND BASSES. Singers with tener voices and bass voices. The middle, or mean part, is called Tenor; the lowest, Bass, Win. T. iv. 3.
MEASURE. A grave and stately dance, Much
Ado ii. 1, Love's L. L. v. 2, As You L. v. 4 MEAZEL. Measle, or Mesell, is the old term for a leper; Fr Meselle, Corio. ïïì. 1.
Shakespeare frequently joins this word on to a verb, in the same way with the Fr. idiom, as used in Moliere's "Tartuffe,” “Pr nez-moi ce mouchoir." It gives a spirited effect to the dialogue; and sometimes affords occasion for a play upon the form of expres sion. "Knock me here," Tam. S. i. 2. "Bear me a bang," Jul. C. iii. 3. **Imagine me," Win. T. iv. (Chorus.) "Comes me cranking in, and cuts me," &c., 1 Hen. IV. i 1 "Ascends me into the brain; dries te there," &c., 2 Hen. IV. iv. 3. "Foals me," &c. "Raise me this beggar," Tim. A. i 1 & iv. 3. MEED. Reward, Two Gen. V. v. 4 Desert, 3 Hen. VI. ii. 1 & iv. 8, Tim. A. i. 1, Ham
MEET WITH. An idiom, for to frustrate, or counteract, Temp. iv. "To be meet with,' was equivalent to, "To be ever with," Much Ado i. 1. MEINY. A lord's household retinue, or tra of menials, Lear ii. 4.
MELL. To meddle with; Fr. Miler, A W. iv. 3, (Letter.) MEMORY. For memorial, Corio. iv. 5. MEPHOSTOPHILUS. The name of the familar spirit, or the Devil, in Marlowe's play of "Faustus," Mer. W. i. 1. MERCATANTE. A merchant, Tam S. iv. = MERCHANT. Sometimes employed as a term of familiarity, also of contempt, 1 Hen. VI ii. 3, Rom. J. ii. 4.
MERE. "Mere the truth" means quite the truth, the exact truth, All's W. iii. 5 Usent for utter, entire, Oth. ii. 2, Cymb. iv. z. Fer absolute, M. for M. v. 1, Tr. & Cr. i. 3. "Merely;" completely, utterly, Ant. Q iii. 7, Ham. i. 2.
MERED. Bounded, limited, defined, Ant. C iii. II.
MERIT. Used for reward, guerdon, meed. as the latter word is sometimes used for menit, desert, John iii. 1, Rich. II, i. 3. MESS. A large dinner-company was formerty divided into sets of fours, called messes;
hence " mess came to mean a party of for people, Love's L. L. iv. 3 & v. 2, 3 Hen. VI
"Lower messes" were those who occupied the lower end of the table; after wards applied to lower orders generally, W
T. i. 2. METAL. Used in its legitimate sense as a mineral, and sometimes blendedly with the sense which it has obtained, from its resemblance with the word mettle, walk
means temper, temperament, courage, Mea. M. i. 1, Jul. Cæs. i. 1, Much Ado ii. 1. METAPHYSICAL. Formerly used in the sense of supernatural, Macb. i. 5. METE-YARD. A yard-measure, Tam. S. iv. 3. METHEGLIN. Mead; a beverage made of honey, Mer. W. v. 5, Love's L. L. v. 2. METTLE. (See METAL.) MEWED. Confined, shut up, Mids. N. i. 1, Tam. S. i. 1, Rich. III. i. 1 & 3, Rom. J. iii. 4
MICHER. A sneaking fellow, a truant, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 4.
MICHING MALLECHO. Lurking malice, or mischief. To mich,' means to skulk, to act stealthily: and 'malheco' is a Spanish word, signifying misdeed, or evil-doing, Ham. iii. 2. MICKLE. Still the Scotch term for much, or great, Rom. J. ii. 3, Com. E. iii. 1, Hen. V. ii. 1, 1 Hen. VI. iv. 6.
MIDDLE EARTH. Formerly a term in frequent use for our globe, Mer. W. v. 5. MIDDLE SUMMER'S SPRING. The season when vegetation puts forth its second shoot, Mids. N. ii. 1. MIEN. Countenance.
ball; and Kiss," a slight touching together, Tr. Cr. iii. 2. MISTRESS. A title often appended to a woman's name formerly, whether she were a maiden or a wife. "Mistress Anne Page," Mer. W. i. 1. We find Mistress Quickly is unmarried, Mer. W. ii. 2. "Mistress Silvia," Two Gen. V. iv. 4
Mo. More; for rhyme's sake, Lucrece 212, Much Ado ii. 3, (Song.)
"The revolt of mien," is the change of countenance' which Nym hopes Page will betray when made jealous; and which will make him dangerously vengeful, Mer. W. i. 3. "Mien," represents beauty of countenance, Two Gen. V. ii. 4. MILL-SIXPENCES. Queen Elizabeth first introduced the coining by the mill into England about 1562, Mer. W. i. 1.
MILLSTONES. To " weep millstones" was an old saying of those not given to the melting mood, Rich. III. i. 3 & 4. Used for tears of laughter, with doubt of their being shed, Tr. Cr. i. 2. MINCE. To make affectedly small steps, to trip along, Mer. W. v. 1. MINDING. Remembering.
Still the Scotch use of the word, Hen. V. iv. (Chorus.) Caring, regarding, Peric. ii. 4 & 5. MINIKIN. Very diminutive, Lear iii. 6, (Song.) MINNOW. One of the smallest of fresh-water fish, Love's L. L. i. 1, Corio. iii. 1. MISER. A wretched person. Used in its strict original sense, without reference to the wretched vice of avarice, 1 Hen. VI. v. 4. MISERY. Avarice, covetousness, Corio. ii. 2. MISPRISED. Mistaken, Mids. N. iii. 2. Undervalued, As You L. i. 1 & 2. MISPRISING. Underrating, not estimating,
Much Ado iii. 1, All's W. iii. 2, Tr. Cr. iv. 5. MISSIVES. Messengers, Macb. i. 5, (let.) Ant.
Cl. ii. 2. MISTAKEN.
Hen. VIII. i. 1. MISTEMPERED. Wrathful, ill-conditioned, John v. 1, Rom. J. i. 1.
MISTRESS. Now called the Jack; the small ball, in the game of bowls, at which the players aim. "Rub," is the progress of the
MOBLED. Muffled, or negligently covered on the head. Mob-cap is a modern term for an undress cap, Ham. ii. 2. MODERN. Common, trite, ordinary, All's W. ii. 3, John iii. 4, Ant. Cl. v. 2, Rom. J. iii. 2, As You L. ii. 7 & iv. 1. MOE. To ridicule by making mouths, Temp. ii. 2.
MOIETY. A part, not merely a half, 1 Hen. IV. iii. 1, Lear i. 1.
MOLDWARP. The mole, 1 Hen. IV. iii. 1. MOME. A stupid fellow, also a buffoon, Com. E. iii. I. MOMENTANY. Used by others as well as Shakespeare for momentary, Mids. N. i. 1. MONARCH and MONARCHO. Titles given to pompous, pretentious fellows, Love's L. L. iv. 1, All's W. i. 1. MONTANT. Abbreviation of Montanto, a term in fencing, Mer. W. ii. 3. Beatrice gives the latter as a mocking title to Benedick, Much Ado i. I.
MOOD. Capricious humour, sounded like mud, All's W. v. 2.
MOON-CALF. A lumpish and shapeless mass; a monster, Temp. ii. 2 & iii. 2. MOONISH. Changeable, As You L. iii. 2. MOONSHINE. "A sop o' the moonshine" was a sippet in a dish of eggs, dressed after a peculiar fashion, called Eggs in moonshine,' Lear ii. 2.
MORAL. Formerly meant the sense or signification of a thing, Much Ado iii. 4, Tam. S. iv. 4, Tr. Cr. iv. 4. MORALIZE. To expound, to deduce a meaning from, Rich. III. iii. 1, Lucrece 15. MORISCO. A dancer in the Morris-dance, which, being originally an imitation of a Moorish dance, was thus named, 2 Hen. VI. iii. 1. MORRIS-PIKE. A Moorish pike, used in war both by soldiers and seamen, Com. E. iv.
MORT OF THE DEER. A phrase of notes, blown on his horn by the huntsman at the death of the deer, Win. T. i. 2.
MORTIFIED. Ascetic, devoted to self-denial, Love's L. L. i. 1, Macb. v. 2. MORTISE. A joint in timber-work, Oth. ii. 1. MOSE. "To mose in the chine," is a disease in horses, somewhat varying from the glanders; which consists of a discharge from the nose, Tam. S. iii. 2.
MOST. Was frequently used by the old writers with adjectives already in the superlative degree, in order to add emphasis to the
Motto, word, or sentence, Lucrece
meaning. "Most poorest," Lear ii. 3. "Most best," Ham. ii. 2. "Most unkindest," Jul. Cæs. iii. 2. The comparative, "More," was applied in the same way. "More corrupter," Lear ii. 2. "More better," Temp. i. 2. MOT. 119. MOTHER. There seems to have been some expression, almost proverbial, in allusion to the "mother" of one who sets up for a beauty on slight grounds; as the two passages (with their context) cited in illustration of each other serve to show. "Who might be your mother," &c., As You L. iii, 5. "Whose mother was her painting," Cymb. iii. 4.
MOTHER. There was a disease known by this name, and by that of hysterica passio, Lear ii. 4. MOTION. A name for a puppet, and puppet-show, Two Gen. V. ii. 1, Mea. M. iii. 2, Win. T. iv. 2, Peric. v. 1. Also used to signify wishes, or desires, Tw. N. ii. 4. And indignation, Hen. VIII. i. 1. Likewise for divinatory agitation, Ant. Cl. ii. 3. MOTIVE. Used for active means, or agent, All's W. iv. 4. For limb, or member, that has motion or motive power, Tr. Cr. iv. 5. MOTLEY. The Fool or Jester's parti-coloured dress, As You L. ii. 7, Hen. VIII. (Prol.) MOUSE. A term of endearment, Love's L. L. v. 2, Ham. iii. 4.
MOUSED. Mammocked, torn in picces, Mids. N. v. i. "Mousing," John ii. 2. MOUTH. A sweet mouth," formerly meant what is now called 'A sweet tooth,' - a fondness for sweets, Two Gen. V. iii. 1. Mow. Used in the same way as MOE, Temp. iv. 1, Cymb. i. 7, Ham. ii. 2.
ΜΟΥ. A piece of money; probably a contraction of moidore, a Portuguese coin. The word is used in this sense, and in its French signification of Moi (anciently spelt Moy) 'Me,' Hen. V. iv. 4.
MUCH. An exclamation of disdain and denial, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4 Used adjectively in the same sense; "Here much Orlando," As You L. iv. 3. MUFFLER. A sort of veil to cover the lower part of the face and throat, Mer. W. iv. 2, Hen. V. iii. 6.
MUM BUDGET. A cant signal, or nay-word, implying silence, Mer. W. v. 2.
MUMMY. A liquor, or balsam, prepared from the embalmed Egyptian bodies, Oth. iii. 4. MURDERING-PIECE. A small piece of artil
lery so called, Ham. iv. 5.
MURE. A wall, 2 Hen. IV, iv. 4. MURKY. Dark, Macb. v. 1.
MURRAIN. A plague in cattle, Temp. iii. 2, Mids. N. ii. 2, Tr. Cr. ii. 1, Corio. i. 5. MUSCADEL. A rich French wine; so named from its possessing a musk flavour, Tam. S. iii. 2.
Falstaff's name for Simple, as a hint that he stands with his mouth open, Mer. W. iv. 5.
To admire or wonder, Temp. i 3. Two Gen. V. i. 3. Also to consider, to reflect upon, Two Gen. V. ii. 1, Mer. W. v. 5. MUSET. The track made through a hedge by a hare, Venus & Ad. 114.
Muss. A scramble for things thrown down to be snatched up, Ant. Cl. iii. II. MUTINES. Mutineers, Ham, v. 2. MYSTERY. An art, or trade. Old Fr. Ma tier. Played upon, in this sense, and ins usual one, Mea. M. iv. 2.
NAPKIN. An old word for handkerchief, As You L. iv. 3, Ham, v. 2, Oth. iii. 3. NAPLESS. Threadbare, Corio. ii. 1. NAUGHT. "Be naught a while." A phrase formerly in use, tantamount to Be hap to you,' As You L. i. 1.
NAUGHTY. Formerly, this word had a much stronger signification than at present. It held its primitive force; and meant worthless, worth naught or nothing, Much Ado v 1, Mer. Ven. iii. 3, 2 Hen. VI. ii. 1, Learn
NAYWARD. Inclining to denial; tending ti negative, Win. T. ii. 1. NAY-WORD. A watch-word, Mer. W. i a v. 2. Also, a bye-word, Tw. N. ii. 3NEAT. Oxen, horned cattle. Also trim, precuse, finical. Used in both senses, Win. T. i In its former sense, 3 Hen. VI. ü 1, Les ii. 2. NEB. The bill of a bird; used for the moth Win. T. i. 2. NEEDLY. Needfully, necessarily, Rom. J.
NEFLD. A form of the word, "Needle," where the measure required a monosyllable, Mas N. iii. 2, John v. 2, Peric. iv. & v Gove In Lucrece, 46, the word occurs under bud forms. NEEZE.
An old word for sneeze, Mids. Ni
NEIF. Fist, or hand, Mids. N. iv. 1, s Ha IV. ii. 4
NEPHEW. Used for cousin. "Depue ! nephew, Richard," I Hen. VI. à "Nephews," used for grandchildren. Or i. 1. The word was formerly applied t kinsman in various degrees of relatroush as was "cousin." NETHER-STOCKS. Stockings; nether t ing lower. The upper-stocks were 電話 breeches. (See Host) Hen. IV. . Lear ii. 4.
NETTLE. There is allusion in books of Sh speare's period to the "nettle of In being peculiarly smarting; and this w better suits the epithet Sir Toby applies Maria than "metal," which some e
Dainty, particular, precise, Two Gen. V. iii. 1, Much Ado v. 1, Love's L. L. iii. 1 & v. 2, Hen. V. v. 2. Trifling, foolish, Tam. S. iii. 1, Rom. J. v. 2.
NICHOLAS, ST. St Nicholas was the patron saint of children and scholars; but the name became applied to one now known by the abbreviated title of 'Old Nick;' conse. quently, "St Nicholas' Clerks" was a cant name for thieves, 1 Hen. IV. ii, 1. NICK. "Out of all nick," i.e., out of all reckoning.' The score was kept upon nicked, or notched sticks, or tallies, Two Gen. V. iv. 2. NICKED. To score, or set a mark of folly upon, Ant. Cl. iii. 11. Fools were nicked, notched, and shaved, after a particular fashion, Com. E. v. 1. NIECE. Used for grand-daughter, Rich. III. iv. 1. NIGHT-RULE.
Order of revelry, Mids. N. iii.
NINEFOLD. A form of nine foals,' for the sake of rhyme, Lear iii. 4, Song.) NINE-MEN'S MORRIS. An old game played with nine holes, cut upon a square in a turf. There were nine players on a side; one side using wooden pegs, the other stones. It is a rustic variation of an old French game, called Mérelles, which was played on board, Mids. N. ii. 2.
NOBLE. A play on the words "noble" and "royal;" two coins of the respective value, six-and-eightpence and ten shillings, -the difference between them being "ten groats," Rich. II. v. 5, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 4. NODDY. A simple person. A 'Tom. Noddy'
is still used for a simpleton, Two Gen. V. i. 1.
NOR. The old writers considered that the doubling of the negative strengthened the affirmation. "Nor never," Tam. S. iv. 3. "Nor no," and "Nor to no," Jul. Cæs. iii. I.
NOTE. Knowledge, information, Lear iii. 1 & iv. 5.
NO HAD. An old form of expression as a retort, John iv. 2.
NOISE. A band of street-music. A felicitous term for some descriptions of music, -SO called. "Sneak's noise." Sneak may have been a known itinerant performer of that day, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4.
NONCE Purpose, occasion, 1 Hen. IV. i. 2, 1 Hen. VI. ii. 3, Ham. iv. 7. NONNY, and NONINO.
Burdens to old songs; as Fal-lal-la, As You L. v. 3, Ham. iv. 5, (Song,) Much Ado ii. 3, (Song.)
NO POINT. A quibble on the French "Non
point," not at all, Love's L. L ii. 1 & v. 2. NOOK-SHOTTEN. That which shoots into recesses or nooks, Hen. V. iii. 3
NURTURE. Education, As You L. ii. 7.
O. The single letter O was formerly employed to signify things circular. The Globe Theatre, built of wood, Hen. V. i. (Chorus.) The earth, the world, Ant. Cl. v. 2. "Oes," refer to the stars, Mids. N. iii. 2. And to the pits or marks left by small-pox, Love's L. L. v. 2.
OB. An abbreviation of Obolum. The com. mon mode of signifying a halfpenny in bills of the time, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 4. OBLIGATION. Requirement, duty, bond, Tr. Cr. iv. 5, Lear ii. 4, Ham. i. 2 & ii. 2. Motive, inducement, Hen. VIII. ii. 3. Bond, in a legal sense; a paper of contract, Mer. W. i. 1, 2 Hen. VI. iv. 2. OBSERVATION. For observance, Mid. N. iv. I. "Observance" used for observation, All's W. iii. 2, Ant. Cl. iii. 3. OBSEQUIOUS. Appertaining to funeral obsequies, Ham. i. 2, Tit. A. v. 3, Sonnet 31. "Obsequiously," Rich. III. i. 2. OBSTACLE. The Shepherd's blunder for obstinate, 1 Hen. VI. v. 4.
OCCUPATION. Used for mechanics, operatives, Corio. iv. 6, Jul. Cæs. i. 2.
ODDLY. Unequally; with disadvantageous odds, Tr. Cr. i. 3.
ODD WITH. Tantamount to at odds with, or to contend with, Tr. Cr. iv. 5. O'ERCOUNT. To out-number, and to out-do by unfair means, Ant. Cl. ii. 6. O'ERLOOKED. Bewitched, enchanted, Mer. W. v. 5, Mer. Ven. iii. 2.
O'ERPARTED. Having too good a part for his talents, Love's L. L. v. 2. O'ERRAUGHT. Overreached, Com. E. 1. 2. Caught up, or overtook, Ham. iii. 1. O'ER WRESTED. (See WREST.) Tr. Cr. i. 3. OF ALL LOVES. For love's sake; by all means, I entreat you, Mer. W. ii. 2, Mids. N. or, ii 3. OFFICES. Those apartments in the house appropriated to the domestics, and to where refreshments are prepared and served out, Macb. ii. 1, Rich. II. i. 2, Tim. A. ii. 2, Oth.
ii. 2. OLD.
An ancient form of the word 'wold,' a wild open plain, Lear iii. 4.
OLD. Frequently used in a humorous sense, signifying abundant, excessive, Mer. W. i. 4. Much Ado v. 2, Mer. Ven. iv. 2, 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4.
OLD LAD OF THE CASTLE. A term used in great familiarity, good-fellowship, and conviviality, Hen. IV. i. 2.
O LORD SIR. An assish phrase, eternally used by coxcombs of the period; well ridiculed by the Clown, All's W. ii. 2. ONCE. Used in the sense of one time or other,' sometime,' Mer. W. iii. 4, Hen. VIII. i. 2, Jul. Cæs. iv. 3, Ant. Cl. v. 2. ONCE. The meaning of once," as Shakespeare has used it in these passages, has been differently interpreted by different editors: one saying it means for the nonce, the occasion, the time being; others, once for all, or absolutely. We take it to be something tantamount to our present familiar phrase, 'It's just this,' Com. of E. iii. 1, Much Ado i. 1, Corio. ii. 3. ONEYERS. Probably Gadshill's cant word for ones,' as the modern slang expression 'one-ers.' Most commentators argue as if this referred to those whom Gadshill means to rob; but the context shows that it relates to those with whom he is to rob, 1 Hen. IV. ii. 1.
OPAL. A precious stone, varying in colour
OPINION. Conceit, Love's L. L. v. 1. Headstrongness, Hen. IV. iii. 1. Reputation, 1 Hen. IV. v. 4.
OPPOSITE. Antagonist, opponent, Tw. N. iii. 2 & 4, Corio. ii. 2.
For orbit; the path of a planet, 1 Hen. IV. v. I. ORBS. ii. I.
Fairies' circles on the grass, Mids. N.
ORDINANCE. Ordination, appointment, decree, Hen. V. ii. 4, Rich. III. iv. 4 & v. 4, Jul. Cæs. i. 3, Lear iv. 1. Rank, degree, Corio. iii. 2. Fate, destiny, Cymb. iv. 2. ORDINANT. Swaying, directing, Ham, v. 2. ORDINARY. A public dining-table, where each man pays his score, Ant. Cl. ii. 2. "Ordinaries," All's W. ii. 3.
ORGULOUS. Proud, haughty; Fr. Orgueilleux, Tr. Cr. (Prol.)
ORT. A scrap, a remnant, Tim. A. iv. 3, Tr. Cr. v. 2.
'ORT. Sir Hugh Evans's Welsh abbreviation of Word,' Mer. W. i. 1. OSPREY. The sea eagle, Corio. iv. 2. OSTENT. Show, appearance, display, Mer. Ven. ii. 2, Hen. V. v. (Chor.) OTHERGATES. In another manner, Tw. N. v. t. OTTOMITES. Turks, Ottomans, Oth. i. 3& ii. 3. OUPHES.
Goblins, fairies, Mer. W. iv. 4 &
PACK. To contrive, or bargain, Lat. Pactus,
PACKED. Made an accomplice or confederate,
PACTION, Contract, alliance, Hen. V. v 2
PALL. To decline, wane, fall away, Ham
PALLIAMENT. A robe. The white vesture sî