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Chester, one of the Justices of the Commmon Pleas, Edinburgh, April 19. Oat-meal 15 d. halfin the room of Sir Thomas Birch, deceased. penny. White pease-meal 10 d. halfpenny. Gray

Mr James Stevenson-Rogers, Advocate, Prin- . pease-meal 10 d. Bear-meal 10 d. cipal Clerk to the high court of Admiralty, in the room of Mr William Ruthven, deceased. The Edinburgh bill of burials for March 1757. Mr John Hyndman, minister at Welt-kirk, E

Within the Males 50 dinburgh, his Majesty's Almoner for Scotland, in

108 city

DISEASES.N. the room of " Mr Robert Pollock, Principal of the Marischal In the West- Males 24) college of Aberdeen, in the room of Mr Thomas

kirk-yard Fem. Blackwell, deceased.


Increased this month 16. Althma New Members : The Hon. Horatio Walpole,


Childbed 7 son of the late Sir Robert Walpole, Earl of Or

No. ford, for Lynn-Regis, in the room of Horatio


58 Walpole, now Lord Walpole ( 55.); Charles Boone,

Consumption 22 &

Convulsion for Castlerising, in the room of the first mention


Epilepsy I ed Horatio Walpole, who had vacated bis seat

& 20

Fever 24 by accepting a place (111.); Jennings, for Whit


7 30

Measles church, and Adm. Townshend, for Rochester,

16 30 & 40

Mortification 2 in the room of William Powlet and Adm. Byng,

& both deceased.


15 50 & 60

2 Commanders of men of war : Capt. Smith Cal-'

60 & 70

Stillborn lis, of the St George; Capt. Simcoe, of the Pem

7 70

& 80 broke; and John Dalrymple, of the Hazard's prize.

Suddenly 12 80 &


3 Teething 8 &

Drowned The London bill from Feb. 22. to March 22.

Males Christened

592 Females


HI E' W в оок

1910 [The English are deferred till our next.] *

E D IN BURG H. Prices of Stocks, &c. at London, April 2. R Bower's own account of his escape from Bank-stock shut. India ditto hut., South-sca of the charge against him, and his defence. Yair )

. Stock Ditto old annuities, ist subscript. lut. Ditto, 2d subscript. Thut. Ditto new an

d Fleming. puities, ist subscript. 90 3 4ths. Ditto, ad sub Douglas, a tragedy. 1 s. 6d. Hamilton de fcription 89 3 qrs. Three i half bank-annuities, ift Balfour, Gray & Peier. (138.] subscript. fhut. Ditto, ad subscript. shut. Three

Ản apology for the writers against the tragedy per cent. bank-annuities 90 i 8th. Ditto 1726 of Douglas ; with remarks on that play. 2 d. Ditto South-sea annuities 1751 90.

The deposition, a tragedy. A burlesque on Ditto India annuities, shut. Three 1 half bank- Douglas. 2 d. annuities 1756 97. Bank-circulation

31. 15.5.

Some serious remarks on a late pamphlet, inprem. India bonds 2 l. 9 s. a 10 s. prem.

titled, The morality of stage-plays seriously con

sidered. In a letter to a lady. 6 d. Haddington Prices, April 1.

GL A S GO W. Beft. Second. Third, A serious inquiry into the nature and effects of Wheat, 151. 12 s.

141. 145.

141. 8 s. the stage. By John Witherspoon, M. A. miniRear, 131. 1os. 131.

4S. 121. 12 s. ster of Beith. 60. (143.] Oats, lol. 16 s. 1ol.

91 12 s. Ir. Ambrose's first, middle, and last things. Peale, 131. 45. 121. 12 s.

12l. os.

Edit. 7. 4 s. Tweedie.


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Mark-lane, 44 to 51 s. quar. 22 to 28 s. gr. 17 to 20 s. 6 23 to 26 s. gr.
Basingstoke, 151. 15 s. load. 25 to 28 s. 17 to 21 S.

26 to 34 S.

19 to 26 s. 18 to 22 S.

29 to 32 s.
Farnham, 13 1. 195. 24 to 27 s.

16 to 18 s.

20 to 29 $. Henly, 151. oo s. 20 to 32 S.

17 to 22 s.

24 to 35 S. Guildford, 141. JOS 19 to 27 s. 16 to 19 s. 6 d. 24 10 34 S. Warminster, 60 to 66 s. quar. 26 to 30 s.

18 to 20 s.

30 to 40 S.
Deyizes, 56 to 58s.
29 to 32 s. 18 to 20 S.

30 to 42 S.
Gloucester, lo s. 6 d. bush.

3 s. 6 d. bush.
2 s. 6 d. to 3 s. 3 s. to 4 S.


d bula. Birming 8 s. od. bulh.

16 s. 8d.

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17 57:

zick 204:

C O N T E N T S. POLITICS. Speeches in the debate upon the || HISTORY. Corn at a moderate price at Danc: motion for leave to bring in a bill for the en

The French minister at Dresderi couragement of seamen, by A. Brculonius 169. ordered to depart 205.

Defertion of the SaCn. Genucius 171. Cn. Fulvius 174. Julius xons in the Pruisian service ib. Number of the Florus 177. and Quintus Mucius 182.

Empress-Queen's troops and of the King of A letter from on board the OLD ENGLAND: Prussia's ib. The Prussian territorics invaded A political allegory 185.

by the French 206. Arrival of the Duke of Of the present high price of GRAIN. A fum Cumberland at Hanover ib. The captain of

mary of what has been lately wrote on that the Antigallican's journal 207. An audacious subject 189. An affcting contrast between forgery relating to the Antigallican's prize 209. Itarvelings, and those who pamper their plea. Associate fynod's proceedings against Mr fure-horses 195

Mair. Culfargie's overture 210. Mr Mair's METEOROLOGICAL journals in London and answer ib. The arguments on both sides 211. Cumberland 196.

The sentence 212. Substance of a paper given INQUIRY into the conduct of Maj.-Gen. Steuart, in by Mr Mair ib. The synod defended from and Colonels Cornwallis and Earl of Effing the charge of Neonomianism 213.

Prosecutions of ministers for countenancing An authentic account of Adm. BenG's beha. the stage. The presbytery of Edinburgh's let

viour, during his confinement and at his death ter 214. Answer by the presbytery of Dunfe 198.

ib. Proceedings against Mr Carlyle 216. RcPOETRY. Elegy on the death of Adm. Byng ference to the synod 217. Synod's fentence

203. On Mr Pitt's dismission ib. Job's de ib. Dissenters 218. Mr Home's cafe remit scription of the horse imitated ib. A pastoralib. ted to his presbytery 217. An overture 218. The praise of vanity 204.

Lists, TABLES, &C. 218. - 2 24.

ham 1970

Proceedings of the POLITICAL CLUB, continued from p. 74. The debate on the motion for a bill for the consequence of this motion's being aencouragement of Jeamen continued.

greed to; I must think, that it will be The speech of A. Becalonius, who spoke bill to be brought in until war be actual.

more prudent to delay ordering any such next.

ly declared. For, even in that case, I Mr President,

am of opinion, that a new bill must be S I hope we shall, in a very brought in, for explaining and amendfew weeks, have prelimina. ing the laws now in being: and then ries, at least, settled and a we shall be better able to judge, what

greed to for an honourable ought to be done with the prizes taken treaty of peace, or war declared in the before the declaration of

war ;

because most folemn manner; and as we can. if any of our people in America have not expect that any great number of sea. suffered by the incroachments or d pre• men would, in so short a time, enter von dations of the French in that part of the luntarily into his Majesty's service in world, fome hare of the produce of the VOL. XIX,




prizes already taken ought to be applied much, which in the late war frequently towards making good the damage they happened to be the case. Another advana have sustained, in the same way as was tage would be, that the ships employed done with regard to those prizes taken to guard our coasts, or to convoy our from Spain in the year 1739, before we trade, would not be under so great a declared war against that nation ; for temptation to neglect their proper duty, this is a piece of justice we owe to the suf- and to employ themselves in looking out ferers, and always ought to be considered for, and seizing the trading ships of the when orders for reprisals are issued to a- enemy, which I suspect was sometimes ny of his Majesty's ships of war. the case during the late war: for consi.

But, Sir, let' such a bill be ordered dering the great superiority we then had when it will, it ought to be extremely at sea, the number of our trading ships well considered : for I doubt if it be con- taken by the enemy was surprising. I sistent with the public service to give the myself once carried to the admiraltywhole of the prizes to the captors. I am board a list of 1200 merchant - ships afraid, it makes our naval officers a little that had been, in a short space of time, too fond of having the command of our taken by the enemy: and of these 1200 fourth, fifth, and fixth rates ; and to me there were no less than 900

that were it seems to be an injustice done to those colony-ships ; so that the trade of our officers and seamen who are employed on colonies was either more neglected than board our first, fecond, and third rates, any other branch of our trade, or we as the former are always employed as must reckon that the colony-trade is, in cruisers, and owe their protection to the proportion to the whole trade of this nalatter, when we are at war with a nation tion, as nine is to twelve, or three to that has any pretence to being called four ; which shews how much it imports a maritime power.

I must therefore us to take all possible care of our colothink, it would be right to have our nies and plantations in America. whole navy divided into certain squa For this reason, I say, Sir, I hope we drons; and that all prizes taken by any shall foon have either an honourable fhip of such a squadron, should belong peace, or a declaration of war. For the to, and be divided among the officers uncertain state we are in at present would, and seamen of that squadron, though in a fhort time, ruin our colonies, our taken at never so great a distance from trade, and our navigation ; especially the the chief rendezvous of the squadron. last; because it would throw the whole And this would be particularly necessary of it into the hands of foreigners, as far in case of a war with France; because as our navigation-act would allow. Nay, we must, in such a case, always keep a it has already thrown a great deal of our large number of capital hips in readi- navigation into the hands of foreigners; ness at home, none of which could ever for besides the high wages we are obbe employed as cruisers, or have an op- liged to pay to our seamen, the insuportunity to take any prize; and there. rance upon British ships is now very near fore, in justice to the officers and fea- as high as it ever was in time of war: fo men employed on board of such ships, that unless war be foon declared, and they ought, I think, to have a fare of due care taken to guard and protect our all the prizes taken by any cruiser not trade, we must be reduced to the dire belonging to any squadron ftationed in neceffity of repealing, or at leaft suspendsome other part of the world.

ing our navigation-act, and selling all This, I think, Sir, would be a more our trading fhips at half price to foreignjust and a more equal distribution of the ers. I therefore think we are under an produce of the prizes taken by his Ma- absolute neceflity of coming very foon jesty's ships of war, as every officer and to a determination as to peace or war; seaman on board the royal navy would and it is this that makes me against putthen be fure of getting something by ting a question upon the present motion: prizes, and no one would ever get too for as our seamen, I shall always be


year afloat


for giving them every encouragement in but have actually, in an open and ho, our power, and for freeing them, as ftile manner, attacked our troops in that much as possible, from every hardship part of the world. After such repeated, they now do, or can labour under; bea such designed insults, shall any fear whatcause no one can have a greater regard ever prevent our preparing to do our. for that body of men than I have; nor selves justice ? Sorry I am, to hear such is there any gentleman, who has more a fuggestion from the mouth of any Eng. reason than I have, to wish well to them, lishman. If such a suggestion should as a great part of my fortune is every have any weight with the people of this

the ocean.

country, how juftly may it be said, Quan.

tum mutatus ab illo ! The speech of Cn. Genucius, who spoke

If we are suing, Sir, if we are begging for a peace upon any terms,

I shall

grant, Mr Predent,

that our preparations may offend our eHen I feconded the motion now nemies. If we are resolved to accept of WH under confideration, I could not such a peace as French allies may

dicsuggest to myself any objections that could tate to us, I shall grant, that our prepabe made to it; therefore I at that time rations may offend them. But if we gave you no further trouble than to open, are resolved to command an honourable as clearly and fully as I could, the inten- peace, the more we are prepared, the tion of the bill proposed by my Noble more able we shall be to command; the friend, and reserved to myself the privi- less will every nation in Europe be inlege of rising up again to answer the ob- , clined to risk joining with France against ječtions made, if any should be made, to us; for nations are pretty much like old my Noble friend's motion. Objections gamesters; they compare the chance have, it is true, been fince made: but they have of gaining, with the chance they are such as could never have entered they have of losing, and they never veninto my head to suggeft; and if they had, ture when they plainly fee that the odda they are fuch as I, as an Englishman, are against them. This I am sure every should have been ashamed to suggeft. gentleman will grant, who has the hoWhat ftrange, what unmanly fears, have nour to be of that famous academy near been thrown out upon this occasion! We St James's: and consequently every such most not prepare for war, for fear of gentleman must, I think, be for this moTendering a peace impracticable! We tion; because nothing can be more cermust not prepare for war, for fear of of- tain, than that the more we are prepa-fending the allies of France ! We must red for war, the more the odds will be a. not prepare

for war, for fear of raising the gainst those that shall dare to join with resentment of the people of France ! Iam France against this nation. There are, really ashamed, Sir, to hear such argu. I know, some nations in Europe, that ments made use of in a British parlia- are by treaty obliged to join with the ment. The French have, ever since the French when they are unjustly attacked: treaty of peace at Aix-la-Chapelle, been but I likewise know, that no nation in supporting, affifting, and furnishing with Europe is obliged to join with the French arms and ammunition, those Indians, when they are the aggressors; and I alwho, at their instigation, have been so know, that the judgment of nations, murdering and scalping our people in as well as private men, is always strongNova Scotia : the French have, ever ly biassed by their interest. How then fince that treaty, been building forts up. are we to prevent the French being joinon our territories, almost round our fron. ed by any of their allies in a war against tiers in America ; and they have sent to upon the present occasion? Is it not troops thither to defend those forts: by making every nation in Europe think, nay, they have lacely by violence taken that the French were the aggressors? a fort from us; and have not only rob. How are we to make every nation in bed and murdered many of our people, Europe think so? Is it not by making

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it their interest to think so ? How are we a declaration of war; if the people of to make it their interest to think fo? Is France have any influence upon their it not by thewing them, that the odds court, our passing this bill will oblige will probably be against them? Can we them to make use of that influence, for do this any other way, but by thewing inducing their court to come speedily to them that we have prepared, and are re an'amicable settlement of all the disputes solved to vindicate the honour of our now sublifting between us, in order to country against them, as well as France prevent a declaration of war, and in con

Therefore, Sir, the most effe&tual way sequence thereof, a condemnation and for preventing France being joined by appropriation of all the ships we have any of her allies in a war against us, is to taken, or shall hereafter take. make all poslible preparations for war. Thus, Sir, in every light in which this And this will of course be the most effec- bill can be viewed, it must appear to tual

way for obtaining a safe and hotend more towards bringing on a speedy, nourable peace: for if the French court safe, and honourable peace, than tofind, that they cannot prevail with any wards rendering a war unavoidable; and of their allies to join with thein, I be. consequently must tend towards remo. lieve they will be extremely cautious of ving or preventing all those slavish fears coming to an open war with this nation, that have been thrown out upon this oce as they can carry it on no where but by casion. It must tend towards obliging sea, and there we are so much superior the court of France to give ear to any to them in power, that they can have no reasonable proffers of peace ; it must tend chance for success, if the war be mana- towards rendering the people of France ged on our side with any tolerable con- solicitous for preventing a declaration of duct. I say, Sir, that the war can be war ; and it must tend cowards preventcarried on no where but by fea; for I ing the allies of France from looking may justly and properly say so, when upon us as the aggressors, or thinking the armies on both sides must be trans- themselves obliged to affiit France a. ported by sea : and if we pursue the plan gainft us. Thele, Sir, will be the hapthat has been chalked out by an Hon. py effects of our agreeing to this motion ; friend of mine in this debate, we may and the contrary, in every particular, very

it out of the power of will be the fatal effects of our putting a France to send any troops to America, negative upon it. or to support those she has now there, Having now considered what effects or may have sent there before our de. our agreeing or disagreeing to this moclaration of war. From hence, Sir, I tion will have abroad, I shall next con. must conclude, that if our present dif- fider, Sir, what effects either


håve putes with France should end in an open at home. In the first place, our agreewar, it can proceed' from nothing but ing to this motion will have a great efthe late pufillanimous conduct of our mi- fect towards inducing our seamen to en. nisters, and the contemptible opinion ter voluntarily into the government's ser. which the French court have of their vice, and consequently must of course capacity to conduct a war ; and nothing lessen the necessity we are under of ma. can tend more towards confirming them king use of that tyrannical and unjust in that opinion, than our putting a new method called prefing. I say, tyrannical, gative upon this motion.

Sir ; because not only a tyrannical, but Then, Sir, as to the people of France, a cruel use is often made of it: and it is if they have now any hopes, that the certainly unjust, because if men are to fhips we have taken are to be restored, be pressed into the public service, every they cannot surely have any such hopes man who is fit for service ought to be after all those thips are condemned, and pressed in his turn, and no man ought appropriated to the captors: and as those to be forced to serve but in his turn. In ships are not by the proposed bill to be the next place, Sir, our agreeing to this condemned and appropriated, until after motion would make both the officers and


foon put

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