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ground.

ELEGY on the death of Adm. Byng.

His inf'ence gone, through city, hill, and plain,

What fancies, blunders, and disorders reign!
Atal vicissitude !
Was it for this that Fortune grac'd thy in danger oft, sometimes of all bercav'd,

With bugbears frighted, willy-wisps deceivid,
birth,
Bestow'd thee titled honour, pomp, and place, But blching knaves, and rav'nous beasts of prey.

All nature groans, and wishes for new day,
And pointed out the way that led to worth,
To make thy death conspicuously base!

From my retirement,

The HERMIT.

April 28. 1757
Grant me, just heav'ns! to breathe in desert air,
And mourn my days in solitude forlorn,

Joe's description of the HORS E'imitated.
Rather than seat me in Ambition's chair,

V Ain manécdotast thou that made the warlike
If I must live and die my country's scorn.
Yet from the smallest to the greatest crimes

Endu'd with strength, or fitted him for speed?
Some little share of gentle pity's due.

Didft' form his brawny neck, and shaggy mane, Britons ! if 'tis with-held in other climes,

That shakes its thunder round the distant plain

Canst' make his ever-dauntless heart afraid? The poor offender claims the debt from you.

Or see him tremble at your passing shade,
'Tis yours to follow radiant truth, to poise

As feeble grafhoppers, that bounding My
The scales of justice with an even hand:

From tread of murd'ring foot, or else they die?
But then 'tis great, 'tis just to sympathise-

He paws, he shorts, he lifts his head on high ; Else wherefore breathe ye in a Christian land?

And fames from his tremendous nostrils fly. Since he has paid the forfeit of the laws,

Glad in his strength, he proudly treads the plaim, Indulge his friends the tribute of a ligh:

Arm'd ranks on ranks but fill him with disdain. It will not wrong a suff’ring nation's cause; (eye. Death-fraughted quivers joy his fearless heart;

Heav'n loves the drops that flow from Pity's He mocketh at the glitt'ring sword and dart.
No longer let revenge pursue its blow,

In vain, with blows repeated, thields resound;
Nor (capdal strive his mem'ry to degrade; Raging, in thought he beats the distant
Let deep oblivion bury all his wo,

Scarce is the trumpet's well-known found believ'd,
And o'er his foibles spread her friendly shade. But thinks himself by eager joy deceiv'd.
Oh! then (if ye can grant a boon fo great) Among the trumpets, he forgets the rein,

Forgive the muse, if o'er his mould'ring bier, Joy fills his heart," and pants in ev'ry vein."
In kind condolence for his hapless fate,

He smells the bloody battle from afar,
She gen'rous drops the sympathetic tear. And, joyful, hears the din of thund'ring war.

Edin. April 1757

PHILANDER
But if emerging forth from Time's dark womb
Truth should exculpate his inglorious name;

PASTORA L.
Will not each Briton reverence his tomb,
And future bards immortalize his fame?

Can blame me for dropping a tear,
Thy foes must own, and while they own, admire, Or lamenting aloud as I rove,

O Byng, thy calm composure at thine end. Since Susan no longer is here !
Too late (thou victim to thy country's ire)

My locks, if at random they stray,
Unbiass' reason snews herself thy friend.

What wonder, since she's from the plain!
March 21, 1757.

BENEVOLUS. Her hand they were us’d to obey,
On the Rt Hon. Mr WILLIAM Pitt's dismision.

She ruld both the sheep and the swain.
Hat lowring clouds again obscure our íky,

Can I ever forget how we stray'd ?

To the foot of yon neighbouring hill,

To the bower we had buile in the shade,
No sooner had the golden morn appear'd,

And the river that runs by the mill!
No sooner had its beams our fpirits cheer'd,
But old distempers with returning fit,

Then sweet, by my side as the lay,

And heard the fond stories I told,
Awake our fears, and banilh hope with P-
Dismiss’d, alas! because he would be just,

How sweet was the thrush from the spray,
Be strictly honest in the greatest trust;

And the bleating of lambs from the fold!
O Economise the favours of the c,

How oft would I spy out a charm
And make all interests second to our own;

That before had been hid from my view,
Bid merit rise, secure of its reward,

And as arm was infolded in arm
And Britons be their own defence and guard.

My lips to her lips how they grew!

How oft the sweet contest wou'd last
Go, go, great man! in cv'ry sphere approv'd,
By all applauded, honour'd, and belov'd;

Till the hour of retirement and rest,
Thy fall but crowns thee with a deathless name,

What pleasures and pains each hąd patt,
And lends new wings to thy unrivalid fame.

Who longest had lov'd, and who belt!
So drops the sun beneath our hemisphere, No changes of place or of time
Yet shines as bright, as warm, and pow'rful there; I felt while my fair-one was near,
Unchang'd exists a glorious orb of light,

Alike was each weather and clime,
Though we're invelop'd with a flood of night: Each season that chequers the year.

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every week

In winter's rude lap did we freeze,
Did we melt on the bosom of May,

H I STORY.
Each morn brought contentment and ease,

Letter from Dantzick, dated AIf we rose up to work or to play.

pril 9. says, that She was all my fond wishes cou'd alk, She had all the kind gods can impart,

considerable quantities of wheat and rye She was nature's most beautiful talk,

arrived there from POLAND, to answer The despair and the envy of art.

the commissions they received, not only There all that was worthy to prize

from Hamburg and Lubeck, but also In all that is lovely was drest,

from Britain and Ireland ; and that notFor the graces were thron’d in her eyes, And the virtues all lodg’d in her breast.

withstanding those commissions, and the

great consumption occafioned by the viThe praise of VANITY. A satire.

cinity of the Russian army, corn was Till to be vain is all the art I know, “ST

Atill at a moderate price.
To make men happy, and to keep them fo."
From this one fource our greatest blessings spring;

According to letters from Hamburg, The beggar vain, is happier than a king.

so soon as the court of PETERSBURG :This lends to trifles all their power to please, was informed that the French army was From crowns and mitres, down to rings and lace. in full march for Germany, orders were Thrice happy gift by nature kindly given, fent to Marshal Apraxin to put the Rus. To keep the balance of her bounties even.

fians in motion. Their purveyors were Its magic power each mortal must confess, Great in proportion as true merit's less. erecting magazines for their subsistence;

Critus, a poet, sterile, dry, and poor, and so soon as a magazine was formed, Who scarce can tag one couplet in an hour ; they sent off a detachment to guard it. Whom want and hunger hardly prompt to write, Late advices bear, that several detach, Who eats to-morrow, if he writes to-night;

ments of those To him, blefs'd nymph, thou lend'At thy powerful

troops

had taken post aWith fancy'd merit fill'At bis empty head, (aid, long the banks of the Niemen, in order While soft thou whisper'st in our poet's ear, to intercept the barges which carried “ There Homer's spirit! Virgil's sweetness here! corn from Poland into Prussia; and that “ Thy style correct, bold and sublime thy thought. some of their irregulars having entered " To what a pitch may poetry be brought! “ That fame, be sure, pofterity will give,

the Pruffian territory, they had been re* With-held by envy while you poets live.”,

pulsed with loss. In the evening of Behold Nigrina, on whose haggard brow, March 17. as the Empress of Ruflia was Deep are impress’d the marks of forty-two; returning from paying a visit to the Whofe body twisted fifty different ways, Chancellor Count de Woronzoff, a perBafiles all power of stuffing, steel, and stays; fon in disguise had the impudence to preThe dentil's skill Nigrina oft has try'd, With pain and trouble see her teeth supply'd;

sent himself at the coach-door, and call In vain she tries with carmine to restore,

to the coachman to stop; but finding Her former roses, blooming now no more; that the guards were going to seize him, While from her mouth the peltilential breath he made off, and by the favour of the Infects the room, nay fills the air with death;

night escaped; fo that his inducement Without thy aid, Nigrina long had been

to so ralh an attempt could not be dif. A prey to envy, malice, and chagrin : Upheld, O goddess, by thy powerful arm,

covered. She hopes to conquer till, and fill to charm; There is advice from Ratisbon, that With fancy'd grace she treads the mazy dance, the King of SWEDEN has declared, With fancy'd art the darts the am'rous glance. While some extolbright gold'sattractive charms, that he is determined to fulfil his en

jointly with his Moft Chriftian Majesty, Some wish for peace, and others figh for arms; While fome in horses place their sole delight, gagements as guarantee of the treaty of In focial converse fome to pass the night; Westphalia, and consequently will act This loves to fhine an empty sparkling beau, in conjunction with the French King, That far from splendor fees, and idle thew;

in order to put a stop to those evils which This boasts his power of eloquence divine, And that his skill to form the lofty rhyme:

seem at present to threaten Germany Give me for ever Van'ty to possess';

with so much bloodshed. It is said, xhat No gold I afk, n10 friend, no sparkling glass; his Swedish Majesty has been induced My soul, content, fhall never more require to take this step, with a view that France The courtier's splendor, or the poet's fire.

is to conquer Bremen and Verden from Dundee, Jan. 7. 1757.

G. D.

Hanover,

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Hanover, and then make a present of seem to relish the rigour of his service. them to Sweden.

Whatever be the reason, a detachment On the 23d of March his PRUSSIAN of the regiment of light horse, to the Majesty desired M. Hennin, charged number of 150, deserted in a body; and with the affairs of France at Dresden, to the like happened in a regiment of indepart in three days. The French mini- fantry. A detachment of Prussian troops fter alledged orders from his master which having been sent in pursuit of them, this detained him there ; but being again re. brought on a skirmish, in which about quired to obey the summons, he set out 50 of the deserters were killed, while on the 25th, the Prussian monarch fure the remainder made their escape, owing nithing horses for his journey, and or to their desperate defence, crying out dering an officer to accompany him as all the while, that they would neither far as the frontier of Saxony. "Danger- give nor receive quarter. In consequence ous correspondences have been watch- of this, his Prussian Majesty has caused ed, discovered, and checked. The all the Saxon regiments be broke, and Countess of Ogilvie, one of the Queen has incorporated the soldiers with his of Poland's maids of honour, was ar. Prussian regiments. When the Saxons rested on that account, but released on desert to the Austrians, they are sent in. her Majesty's intercession. The Count. to some remote places in Bohemia and ess of Bruhl, wife of the prime minister Austria, where they are kept together. of that name, being also arrested, the When the Queen of Poland was informmade light of the affair ; and being re- ed of those defertions, the expressed her solute to see company, she was obliged disapprobation of them in the strongest to retire from the court and from Sa. terms, foreseeing that the country would xony.

be obliged to furnish other men in their In order to secure a retreat in case of stead. Accordingly orders were soon 4 miscarriage, Dresden is so fortified as issued, requiring the magiftrates to delito resemble a fortress. At little distan. ver upwards of 4000 recruits with all ces forts and batteries are erected, on speed. which ninety pieces of cannon are mount. The following is given as an authened, and the whole is surrounded with an tic lift avowed by the court of Vienna, entrenchment capable of containing a of her forces in the field, viz. in Bohelarge body of troops in case of necelity. mia, under the command of Prince Pirna, where the Saxon army took their Charles of Lorrain and Marshal Count ftation last campaign, has also been Brown, including the troops from the formed into a strong and pretty conve. Low Countries, and the auxiliaries from nient camp. Advices having been re- Wurtzburg and Mentz, 73.608; in Moceived, that the Austrians designed to ravia, commanded by Marshal Count surprise the castle of Konigstein, adjoin. Daun, 70,192; a flying camp, destined ing to that post, the King of Prussią to block up fortresses, under Count Nawrote a letter to the King of Poland's dafti, consisting of 19,880; making in governor in that fortress, to put him in whole 163,680 men. There are besides mind of the neutrality he had engaged eighteen squadrons' of horse and drato observe, and to acquaint him, that goons expected from Poland, which, if, after this notice, Konigstein should with the Saxon deserters, are to form be hastily taken, his Majesty would at. a body of reserve. On the last of Fetribute such an event to an understand. bruary the Princes Xavier and Charles, ing between him and the Auftrians. In his Polith Majesty's two sons, set out the mean time a detachment was posted from Warsaw, in order to make the near the fortress, to see that the gover• campaign under Prince Charles of Lo:nor did his duty.

rain and Count Brown. The Prussian Some tell us, that the Saxons who in. army in Saxony, Lusatia, and Voigtlifted with his Prussian Majesty upon land, was reckoned at about 95,000 men, their surrender last year, do not at all and that in Silesia at near 50,000, în VOL. XIX.

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whole 145,000, besides the troops in ed against him, and the scheme con Prussia to oppose the Russians.

certed at Vienna and elsewhere to extirAbout the beginning of April the ar- pate the Protettant religion out of the mies on both sides began to be in mo. empire. The principal proofs of this tion, in order to approach one, another; are founded on Count Fleming's letters, his Pruffian Majesty leaving garrisons which it seems his Majesty did not think behind him in the principal towns of fit to publish all at once, though he Saxony.

might have done it some months sooner, They write from Vienna of April 9. being restrained by a regard to a court that che states of the circle of Upper Sa- with which he was not come to a rupture. xony not having obeyed a refcript of This memorial is said to be written in February, 1. by which the Emperor in- clearer and stronger terms than any of joined them to publish his avocatory let. the former. ters, and, within the space of two months, In our last (155.) we gave an account to inform the aulic council of the em- of a French army, joined by four regipire of the execution of this order; his ments of Austrians, being in full march Imperial Majesty has sent them a new to attack the King of Pruffia's defencerescript, dated April 5. drawn up in less dominions in the neighbourhood of much stronger terms than the former. the Low Countries. This army had They are now allowed but one month's scarcely fet foot on the territories of Jurespite; and if within that term they do liers and Cologn, when it found there not execute what is commanded them, was nothing more to do than take pofthey are to be proceeded against with session of the duchy of Cleves and the the utmost rigour of the laws of the em- county of Mark, where every place pire. The Duke of Saxe-Gotha con- was opened to it; the Prussians who ea ftantly refuses to fulfil what is reckoned vacuated the posts there taking their a duty incumbent on him as director route along the river Lippe, in order to of that circle ; and as in the reasons join some regiments from Magdeburg, which this prince alledges, to justify his which had been sent to facilitate their inaction, the aulic council think they retreat. The Prince de Soubise, genesee nothing but a formal disobedience ral of the French army, took poffeffion to the orders of the supreme head of the of Cleves, Wefel, and other towns, in empire, they are resolved to make fresh the Empress-Queen's name ; pursuant to remonstrances to his Imperial Majesty a- which two commissioners fet out from gainst him. Thence it is observed, that Bruffels, to make the neceffary arrange. if the house of Austria and France prove ments, collect the revenues, and put up successful in che present war, we may her Imperial Majesty's arms, &c. The possibly fee all the Protestant princes in town of Gueldres was the only place on Germany put under the ban of the em. that fide in which his Pruffian Majefty pire. That council has delivered to the ordered a garrison to be left. On the Emperor their final resolution against first advice that the French were entered the King of Prusia, by which the fi- Auftrian Gueldres, they opened their fcal of the empire is ordered to cite that sluices, which laid all the neighbourmonarch as Elector of Brandenburg, hood more than a league round under and acquaint him that he is put under water. According to very late advices, the ban of the empire, and so deprived Gueldres was invested, and threatened of all his rights, privileges, and prero. with a bombardment. gatives, &c. and that his fiefs are for The Duke of Cumberland set out feited to the fical.

from St James's at fix in the morning of His Prussian Majesty has sent a new April 9. imbarked at Harwich, landmenorial to all his ministers at foreign ed at Stade on the 14th, , and arrived courts, for enabling them to prove what at Hanover on the 16th, in order to he had a little insisted upon in some for- command the army of observation which iner pieces, concerning the designs form. was to be formed, and which they faid

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would confift of between 50 and 60,000 nal of it will be acceptable. We take it
men. His R. Highness is accompanied from the Gentleman's Magazine, as fol-
by the Earl of Albemarle, Lord George lows.
Lennox, Lord Frederick Cavendish, Cols “ Dec. 26. cruising off the coast of
Keppel and West, and Capt. Carlton. Galicia, at fix in the morning discover-
In the mean time they write from Vien- ed a fail standing in. We gave

chace
na of March 23. that the neutrality of under Spanish colours; and being but
the electorate of Hanover was still the little wind, we rowed, and by that
subject of some conferences at that court; means gained on the chace. At twelve
chat the King of Denmark endeavoured got within gun-fhot. She gave us a
to regulate things on this footing; and gun; upon which we then down Spa-
that a courier was set out for Paris with nith colours and up English. She then
dispatches concerning the means of ma. gave us a broadside, and killed three
king this measure practicable. Some men. We did not return a gun till we
observe, that his Danish Majesty is far run close along-fide, and engaged her
from relishing the scheme for restoring till three, when she ftruck. We found
Bremen and Verden to Sweden. Be- her to be the Duke de Penthievre.
sides the French army on the Lower Jan. 6. At eleven this morning off the
Rhine, a letter from Francfort, dated rock we took in pilots for Lisbon, and
April 12. says, that 20,000 troops of got within the harbour's mouth; but a
that nation were advancing from Alface trong gale coming on, {plit the prize's
towards the Maine.

maintopfail, and drove her out to sea. From GENOA we have advice, that We followed her out, and sent our small the King of Spain lately demanded of boat aboard her with small fails. The the republic permission to land in one of boat in returning with two men was loft. her ports a body of Spanish troops, and from that time to the 22d we were beatthen to march them through her territo. ing to windward, endeavouring to make ry to the duchy of Parma; which re- Lisbon, but could not; therefore resolquest being refused, as inconsistent with ved to bear away for Cadiz, it being the the republic's neutrality, his Catholic firft port we could make; our distress beMajesty has prohibited the importation ing so great, the prize not steering, all of Genoese manufactures into his domi- her fails in pieces, and our fhips so leaky nions. This situation of affairs they give that the pump was almost conftantly goas the reason why they have reinforced ing; our bread almost expended, and the garrisons of their maritime towns, not above ten days provisions left; beand are repairing and augmenting their fides receiving advice by the St Alban's fortifications.

man of war, of five fail of French men They write from Naples, that corn of war to convoy their Indiamen home. will be sent from thence for G. Britain For these reasons we went to Cadiz. fo soon as proper shipping is procured. Jan. 23. we arrived at Cadiz, but

We also hear from Cadiz and Seville, were obliged to perform quarantine for in SPAIN, that quantity of corn was three days. fhipped at those ports for Britain, that Jan. 27. the consul, vice-conful, and the vessels which were loaded would his clerk, came on board, and cook the foon depart; but that such as had only French officers depofitions; who wrote part of their loading on board were stop- them themselves, and in the French lanped, till they should see the issue of the guage; who, among other things, vódry weather, which frequently happens luntarily declared upon oath, that when about this time of the year.

they engaged us, they were distant from The accounts received concerning the the lighthouse of Corunna between two Antigallican privateer's prize have ftill and three leagueś ; that they did not see continued to be various. As that affair any fort or land, or hear any guns

fired. has made considerable noife both at home Feb. 11. we had leave from Adm. and abroad, we suppose the captain's jour. Navarro for our ship to go to the Ca

raccas,

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