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and avers, that the synod have either appears, is inferred from that of the Neo
industriously declined 'entering into the onomian scheme, as implied in it; and
merits of the cause, viz. What it is to be. his charge as to this laft, is founded up-
lieve in the blood of Chrift? What claim on their alledged turning of the gospel
gospel - hearers have to this blood of into a new law, or preceptive dispensa.
atonement, in contradistinction to fallen tion. It is on this bottom only that all
angels ? &c. or, in their explication of this charge againft the fynod is built:
it, have evidently run into the Neono. and all the ground he has hitherto point-
mian scheme, by turning the gospel in- ed out for alledging that they have turn-
to a new law, or preceptive dispensa- ed the gospel into a new law or preceptive
tion. The paper concludes thus: “I dispensation, is precisely as follows.
do hereby, in my own name, and in A member of the synod, in an ap-
name of all that do or fall adhere to pendix to the second edition of their act
me, protest against the forsaid act of concerning doctrine [xvii. 157.), has
fynod for doctrine [xvii. 157.), as it affèrted, That all the members of the
ftands in connection with the preamble vifible church do immediately undergo
of the presbytery of Edinburgh's over- a dispensation of God's preceptive will,
ture, as it is in itself, and as explained requiring their compliance with the me.
and illustrated in the foresaid appendix thod of salvation through Jesus Chrift;
and illustrations [xvii. 568.]; and further as God's covenant of promise is exhibit-
protest against the several censures and ed for being taken hold of, in the obe-
sentences passed against my doctrine, dience of faith." The author fupposed
and against me for maintaining there that every body would have taken this
of, [xvii. 157, 8. 409. xviii. 413.); and, affertion as fignifying, that not any new
in general, I protest againt the whole of law, but the old law, particularly in the
the fynod's unbrotherly and hard con. first commandment, is made subservient
duct toward me in the management of to the gospel; so that it lays every go-
this affair, and in particular against this fpel-hearer under an immediate obliga-
sentence of deposition and lefser excom tion to renounce all pretensions to any
munication now paffed : and I hereby fort of meriting or justifying righteous-
do appeal from this synod, to the true ness before God, in whole or in part,
and faithful Witness, to be called and by their own obedience of any law, oldor
judged by him in his time and way; and new; betaking themselves wholly and
thereupon take inftruments.

immediately, by faith, to the righteousAfter reading the paper Mr Mair ness of Jesus Christ, for justification, withdrew'; and the fynod appointed the and all other benefits of redemption sentence to be intimated in the Affociate through his blood. But Mr Mair hacongregation of Orwell, on the second ving altered the author's language in the fabbath of May, by Mr Alexander Blyth above affertion, by putting the word minister at Kinclaven.

approbation in place of compliance, he

then imagines it big with the Neonomian To the author of the Scots MAGAZINE. fcheme, and consequently with Arminian,

Edinburgh. yea Socinian errors and though the sy-
IN
N the paper which Mr Thomas Mair nod have not taken any notice of that

read before the Associate fynod, he affertion in a way of approbation; yet. charges them with having run into both because they have not animadverted upArminian and Socinian errors, into Inde. on is, in a way of condemnation, Mr pendent principles, and into the Neono. Mair reckons them answerable for it, mian scheme.

according to his own alteration and inAs to Independent principles, Mr Mair terpretation of the words. has not yet shewn how he founds that Such is the genuine foundation of the charge, and this is the first time he has aforementioned charge against the synod, brought it forth. As to Arminian and and your readers may-judge of the sua Socinian errors, his charge, so far as yet perstructure as they please.lam, &o. Vol. XIX,

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The letters wrote by the presbytery of have continued to do every thing in their Edinburgh to the presbyteries of Had. power and their sphere to put a stop to dington, Dalkeith, Air, Earliton, entertainments so hurtful and illegal. Chirnside, and Dunse [47.158 ], were But we are sorry to inform your Rev. addressed to the several moderators, and presbytery, that when the state of the of the following tenor.

nation, and the distressed circumstances Rev. SIR,

of the poor, make such diversions, in WE

E need not inform your Rev. press themselves pernicious, ftill more crimi

bytery of the opinion which the nal; our endeavours for suppressing them Christian church has always entertained have been much interrupted, and in some of stage plays and players, nor of the fa. measure defeated, by of your mem. tal influence there entertainments com

bers,

minister at monly have upon the far greater part

who, we are credibly informmankind, particularly the younger fort. ed, present in the playhouse at the Of this the presbytery of Edinburgh head of the Canongate, within the were so sensible, that, in the year 1727, bounds of our presbytery, while a tragethey appointed Meff. Hamilton, Smith, dy called Douglas was acted. Craig, &c. to draw up an admonition

As this conduct is extremely offensive, and exhortation, warning and obtesting we are persuaded your Rev. presbytery those under their charge not to counte- will take this matter into their conlide. nance the playhouse then erected in this ration, and follow out such measures as place; which admonition was unani- to them shall seem meet for discountemously approved of, and read from the nancing such unwarrantable conduct, several pulpits within our bounds.

for vindicating the credit and promoting The unhappy effe&ts of the playhouse the usefulness of the holy miniftry, and were more and more sensibly felt by all supporting the interests of religion.ranks : servants, apprentices, and ftu. This, in name, presence, and by appointdents, were feduced.

ment of the prefbytery of Edinburgh, is In the year 1737, the legislature did, signified to you, by, in their great wisdom, prohibit, by an

Rev. Sir, Your most humble and express law, the acting of plays for hire Edinburgh, most obedient servant, or reward within this city and suburbs,

John WARDEN Modr p. t. and other places, as the law more fully

1756. JA. CRAIG Pby-Clk. þears. The players being so audacious as to Dunse, addressed to the moderator of

And the answer by the presbytery of continue tó a& in defiance of the law, that of Edinburgh, was as follows. the masters and professors of the univer, fity here petitioned the parliament to

Rev. SIR, cake fome effectual method for enforcing Yours of the 29th of December laft the fame; and the presbytery did, at was this day laid before our presbytheir own charge, prosecute the players tery. It was read with the regard and before the court of feftion. In this pro- confidered with the attention that is due cess they prevailed, and obtained a de- to a letter from the presbytery of Edin, creet againf eight players, finding each burgh. We now return you an answer, of them liable in the penalty of 501. with that freedom which we think ourSterling Warrants, pursuant to the a. selves intitled to use; and we doubt not bove decreet, for apprehending them, you will consider it with that candour being issued, they dispersed. But others which is suitable to your known chacame in their place: and since that time racters. they have attempted to elude the law by We need not inform persons so deep. a vain and unworthy evasion.

ly killed in the constitution of our church As such thin pretexts could not make as the members of your Rev. presbytery the smallest variation in the nature of are, that the jurisdiction of presbyteries the thing, the ministers in our bounds independent on-cach other, is a funda

menta!

Dec. 29.

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ei mental principle of our ecclesiastical con The incroachments on our jurisdiction

ftitution ; and that they are accountable we could easily pass over ; but we canonly to fynods and assemblies, their le. not overlook the manner in which your gal superiors.

Rev. presbytery have treated our brePresbyteries know best the characters thren. Our blessed Lord commands us, of their own members, the state of reli. Matth. xviii. 1.5. &c. Moreover, if thy gion, and the temper of the people with brother shall trespass against thee, go, and in their bounds. They can best judge, tell him his fault between thee and him awhether, in any particular instance, the lone, &c. Suitable to this divine and cenfures of the church might not, in- charitable precept is the statute in our stead of extinguishing a scandal, contri. Form of Process, chap. 7. $ 4. "All Chribute to increase it.

ftians ought to be so prudent and wary We know not any reason why the in accusing ministers of any censurable the

presbytery of Dunfe should be deprived fault, as that they ought neither to puof this inherent privilege ; and cannot blish nor spread the same, 'nor accufe but look upon your letter as an uncon- the minister before the presbytery, withftitutional attempt of one presbytery to out first acquainting the minister himself anticipate the judgment, and regulate if they can have access thereto, and then, the conduct of another.

if need be, some of the most prudent of After this remark on the general strain the ministers and elders of that presbyteof your epistle, we cannot but observe, ry, and their advice got in the affair." that the directions you are pleased to This method of conduct is Christian, give us, seem repugnant to the rules and is prudent. The precepts of our Lord, canons of this church.

the statutes of our church, injoin us to It is, enacted in the Form of Process, follow this plan, in our endeavours of chap. 1. $ 4. That “nothing ought to reclaiming a Christian brother who hath be admitted by any church-judicature as gone astray. Did your Rev. presbytety the ground of a process for censure, but observe these important roles ! We are what hath been declared cenfurahle by sure they did not ; otherwise such an un

the word of God, or some act or uni- warrantable eagerness of accusing our 1

versal custom of this nacional church a- brethren had not been discovered.

greeable thereto." We expected, that, Nor can we reconcile this your extrapot

in compliance with this known statute, ordinary zeal, with your indulgence to you would have mentioned some pas- several church-officers within the bounds sages of scripture, or some acts of the of your own presbytery, whose countegeneral assembly, to which the conduct_nance will have more influence in supof our brethren was repugnant. But porting these amusements, than the prewith respect to these you have thought sence of our two brethren, so little known proper to be entirely filent. However, in town. Is there not a partiality visible to make

up the want of such authority, in behalf of some of your own brethren, you give us a detail of certain acts and who, whilst they appeared as reprefentades proceedings of your Rev. presbytery in tives of this church, did, as we have die the year 1727

heard, give countenance to entertain. Whatever regard may be due to these, ments of the same kind ? From whose we are persuaded you do not apprehend conduct it was natural to conclude; that they should be considered as standards of being witness to the representation of a this church. Nor can we believe you tragedy which the public voice affirms to will think a minister of the presbytery of have no immoral tendency, would not Dunse should be accounted criminal, be. be considered as criminal by your Rev. cause he did not pay suitable regard to presbytery. For we cannot allow ourthe acts of your Rev. presbytery. Such selves to think, that a thing really crimi. propofitions seem to be affumed in your nal in itself, and morally evil, in Scotletter ; how subversive they are of the land, is innocent or indifferent on the

privileges of other presbyteries, we need other fide the Tweed. ca not say.

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But to conclude: You say, zeal for presented, April 19. one by the townvindicating the credit and promoting the council of Muffelburgh, and the other usefulness of the holy ministry, and sup. by about 120 heads of famines, in faporting the interests of religion, are the vour of Mr Carlyle, declaring their samotives of your present conduct. And tisfaction with his conduct as their miin charity we are bound to believe they nister.

You call us to co-operate with you At this meeting, April 19. Mr Carin carrying on these ends. We gladly lyle renewed his request, that the libel hearken to the call; and shall not fail should be dropt, for the reasons formerto lend our asistance in every instance ly mentioned [160]. But in this he that is under the conduct of wisdom and was again over.ruled, and the presbydiscretion. You must however excuse tery resolved to go upon the relevancy. us, when we say, that your intermed. Mr Carlyle protested, appealed to the dling in the manner you have done with fynod, and left the court. Four minithe conduct of our brethren, who have sters, viz. Meff. Turnbull of Borthhitherto been eminently useful in our wick, Simson of Fala, Mackie of Cabounds, hath a natural tendency, and rington, and Murray of Heriot, diffentwill undoubtedly, unless guarded against ed from the resolution to go upon the by the utmost prudence and caution on relevancy, and left the court likewise. our part, greatly mar and obstruct those The presbytery found the several articles valuable ends you seem to have in view. of the libel separatim relevant to infer This in name and by authority of the censure; and found all the articles propresbytery of Dunse, is fignified to ved by Mr Carlyle's confession, except.

ing the oaths and mock prayers charged Rev, and dear Br. Your aff. br. and humble serv.

to be contained in the tragedy, and Mr Dunje, March 22. JAMES LAURIE Mod. box in a disorderly way [159.). These

Carlyle's having taken poffeffion of a 1757

Alex. Hume P.Clk. particulars they remitted to proof; and Since our last we have received the they named a committee of their num. following accounts of the proceedings ber, and gave them a commission to take of presbyteries. [160.]

the proof at Edinburgh on the 28th of Meff. Home of Polwarth and Dyfart April, and to report it on the 3d of May; of Eccles expressed their sorrow for ha- and ordered Mr Carlyle to be cited to ving given offence, were rebuked by attend the examination. The witnesses the presbytery of Dunse, and the affair residing within the presbytery of Edinwas dismissed. [158.]

burgh were cited by an order from that On the 5th of April, the elders who presbytery. Mr John Dalrymple Advo. had disclaimed the petition in favour of cate, as counsel for Mr Carlyle, apMr Carlyle, and had given in a counter peared before the committee, and propetition (155.] to the presbytery of Dal. tested against their examining the witkeith, were desired to give their reasons nesses, contending that a presbytery had for their non-concurrence with the pe. no power to grant a commission to one tition ; but they did not give them. One or more of their own number to examine of these elders, however, on the 19th, witnesses without their own bounds. gave in a representation, in name of Mr Carlyle appeared likewise, and prohimself and of his four brethren, con- tested for liberty to cite witnesses, in extaining the reasons of their non-concur- culpation or alleviation of his alledged

Mr Carlyle objected, That it dilorderly behaviour in the playhouse, was now too late to assign those reasons, and to examine them before examining because they had not done it on the 5th, the witnesses in support of that article. when desired. The representation was The committee judging it not compelodged with the clerk, and the confide. tent for them to consider those protests, sation of it delayed to the 3d of May. referred them to the presbytery, and exa. in the other hand, two petitions were mined the witnesses in support of the lia

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bel. Mr Carlyle attended the exami- Edinburgh, that Mr Home might have nation,

an opportunity of attending them if he P. S. On the 3d of May the commit- pleased. The presbytery met accordtee laid the proof before the presbytery. ingly, and Mr Home was present, but

It was deposed, that a player, in the no minute was taken of what passed G character of the fhepherd, swore, By The fynod of Lothian and Tweed. hi bim that died on the accurfed tree; that dale mec at Edinburgh on the roth, and

another, in that of Glenalvon, said, rose on the 13th. Mr Home's affair No priest I no prieft! I'll risk eternal fire! came before them on the 12th. They and that a third, in that of Lady Bar. remitted it back to the presbytery of Hadnard *, or Lady Randolph, kneeled dington, in regard that presbytery had not down, and put up some prayers. It so much as commenced the process, and was also deposed, that Mr Carlyle had that Mr Home had never been regularly

turned or pushed one or more gentlemen before them, and was not present when City out of a box, but not till after they had the reference to the synod was made.

refused to go out at his desire. Mr Car. Mr Carlyle's affair was gone upon on lyle objected, that this proof ought not the 11th. He appeared, and had for

to be regarded, for that the committee counsel Mr John Dalrymple. Papers tide ought not to have examined the witnes were produced, and read, and parties

ses after the above-mentioned protests were heard at great length. The court were taken; and craved leave to give sat from ten before till four after noon, in a list of witnesses to prove some alle and then adjourned. At fix in the evenviating circumstances in relation to his ing they met again. A question was turning the gentlemen out of the box. moved, Whether to take up the affair The presbytery were of opinion, that on Mr Carlyle's appeals, or on the presMr Carlyle's offence deserved a higher bytery's reference. After some reasoncensure than a rebuke, and that a cen- ing it was agreed to begin with the apsure inflicted by the highest authority peals. A long debate ensued ; after would have greatest weight, and be folo which the following overture, or fenlowed with the most falutary effects : tence, was proposed, viz. “ The fynod they therefore referred the confidera. finds, That the grounds of proceeding tion of the protests, the objection, and the in this affair in the way of a libel, are whole affair, to the fynod; declaring it not sufficiently clear and uncontrovertito be their opinion, that the censure ble ; and that it had been better, and ought to be indicted, not by any infe. more expedient for the presbytery, to rior court, but by the assembly; and have endeavoured to bring the same to they appointed their moderator, in case an issue, either in the way of privy centhe synod should finish the process them- fure, or of brotherly conference, with selves, to appeal to the assembly. proper admonition following thereon,

When the presbytery of Haddington And further the synod does, by this senmet on the first Tuesday of May (158.), tence, declare their high displeasure they received a letter from Mr Home of with Mr Carlyle, for the itep he has tau Athelstonford, begging a further indul. ken in going to the theatre; and Itrictly gence, and promising to attend, if they injoin him to abstain therefrom in time would appoint a presbytery to meet in a coming." On this a vote was put, Apweek after. The presbytery referred the prove of the overture; or, Remit this whole matter to the synod, to meet at affair to the presbytery of Dalkeith, to Edinburgh on the roth, and appointed cake proof of the alleviating circumitana meeting of presbytery the same day ac ces condescended on by Mr Carlyle, in

case he infifts upon it, and to give judga The name Lady Barnard, was changed to Lady Randolph, when the play was acted at Lon the assembly as they shall see caufe ? I

ment in this affair before the meeting of don. Alterations were made after the first sentation at Edinburgh, so that the expresions carried Approve by a narrow majority. deposed to, are not in the printed play. A diffent was entered by Meff. George VOL. XIX.

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