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A philosophical inquiry into the origin of our True merit, true happiness; a novel from the ideas of the sublime and beautiful. 3 s. Dodsley. French. 2 vols. 6 s. Noble.

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fole requisite, he understands the work finished by Memoires de M. de Torcy. 3 vols. 8vo. Christ in his death, proved by his resurrection to

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bout the character of God and his law. That Letters between Henry and Frances. 2 vols. we know nothing of God further thanghe is plea6 So Johnston

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y J. Wind

12 s. Lind 3 s. Reeve.

ate Sir Wil

T hiftory of 15 s. Millar,

rinciples of 10 s. 61. Walsh.

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pearance. That justice, with the greatest pro. ing him, and receiving him into favour, presently fusion of kindness in that channel, is our primary as he stands ; fo finds relief from the aforemená notion of the divine character. That this view tioned disquieting fear ; for which no remedy can of God is sufficient for the comfort of all who be found by any argument drawn from any ap. remain faithful in their obedience to him; and pearance of God in the course of nature. shat, had not man departed from his duty, there That the great mistake of the popular preachwould have been no need for any further discove- ers, or the chief leaders in devotion, lies in this, ry of the divine character, nor any place found that they cannot understand how God can appear for such discovery. That our primary notion of to an unrighteous person just in justifying him as the divine character can give no comfort to the he presently stands, without his feeling some moguilty, but on the contrary must make them mi- tion or tendency in his will towards a change to Terable by a sense of fear and shame That this the better, whether this motion be called some is manifest from the dread which all nations, faint desire to close with Chrift, to trust in him, more especially the most untaught favages, have to put forth an act of faith, or by any other name. of some invisible adverse power. That we have That the whole doctrine of these preachers is no natural knowledge, nor can, by the utmoft devised for producing, animating, and directing exertion of our reasoning faculty, acquire any, this motion, that so the anxious hearer may find fufficient to free our minds from this disquieting about himself some distinguishing reason why the fear. That the most ingenious presumptions Deity may regard him more than others. That of philosophers are, upon the trial, found equally the great use they have for Chrift, his grace

and insufficient in this respect, as the most despicable spirit, is to affilt men in acquiring some such reexpiatory shifts of favages. That, however, it quisite to justification. That accordingly, hy the appears from the reasonings of the former, and name Jesus Christ, by the words, grace, spirit, the poor shifts of the latter, that the conscience faith, G. they mean quite different things from of man every where intimates the necessity of a what the apostles understood by them. That righteousness, or something instead of it, for they substitute heart-work, or acts of faith, inkeeping his mind caly with regard to invisible ftead of the Jewish works of the law. That, in power.

general, they differ from the Jewish teachers raThat no fubsequent discovery of God can ever ther in words than in things. serve to invalidate our primary notion of his cha That, in effect, they make their acts of faith racter; otherwise it could not appear to be a dif- to stand, not only for the ground of acceptance covery of the fame Gud: or, That no argument with God, but also for the evidence and proof of ean be brought to thew that God may be gra, one's being in favour with God. That, accordcious, fo as to forgive fin, without shewing at the ingly, they sew their disaffection, not only to same time how he may appear perfeAtly just in fo the justifying work of Christ, but also to the doing

works of self-denied obedience, wherein his peoThat all men are equally fit for justification, ple are called to be conformed to him, as the or equally destitute of any plea for acceptance proof of their being his disciples indeed.

That - with God. That those called the stricter fort, the appropriation contended for in the popular cannot, by their utmost affiduity in devotion, con- doctrine, is disagreeable to the scripture, and pro

tribute any more to this end, than the most no. ductive of the worst consequences. 'torious felons ready to suffer for their crimes. man can warrantably be assured that he is a ChriThat in this respect none of mankind has the stian, a believer in Christ, or an object of the leaft room to glory over another. That man's peculiar favour of God, any other

way impotency to do what is plealing to God, lies in being assured on good grounds, that his practice, the averfion of his will; and that all men are as in obedience to the peculiar precepts of Chrifti able to please God as they are willing.

anity, is influenced by the love of that same truth That the supernatural facts recorded in the which influenced the lives of the apostles. writings of the apostles, open to view a further Our author maintains also, That Christianity riscovery of the divine character, thạn can be is the only religion that is not political. That learned from any thing obfervable in the course it never was nor can be the established religion in of nature. That in the work finished by Christ any nation in this world, without becoming the on the cross, this new discovery of the divine reverse of what it was when first instituted. That character' was made. That thence it appeared, the common expectation of some general converthat God might be just in justifying the ungodly, fion of Jews and Gentiles, is without foundation or those who have nothing about them but what in fcripture. That the common use of the word fits them for condemnation. That this is pro- myftery, is very different from the sense in which ved and demonstrated with evidence sufficient to it is used in the New Tettament. That the acounterbalance all objections, by the resurrection postolic account of charity differs greatly from of Chrift from the dead.

what is commonly understood by that word, That every one who is persuaded of the fact That we have no reason to complain of the of Christ's returrection, as circumstanced in the present times as worse than the former; and no gospel-history, (even while he finds nothing about ground to expect better in this mortal state. That himself in the way of wish, desire, or otherwise, there is a great connection betwixt the honour of bot what renders him obnoxious to the divine dif the clergy, and mistakes about the Christian ropleature, knows how God may be just in justity- ligion,

That 00

than by


M A G A Z I N E.


1 7 57.


Ν Τ Ε N T S. POLITICS. Speech in the debate on the mo -Acts paffed 255. Two royal messages ib.

tion for leave to bring in a bill for the en Compliments to Mell. Pitt and Legge 256, 9. couragement of leamen, by L. Hilienus 225. The Scots thanked for their activity in raiExtracts of W. THOMPSON's account of cor sing the new levies 258. The carrying of

rupt practices in victualling the navy 228. meal out of certain shires prohibited 259. A political ANECDOT E, Gent. Mag. March 23 2. - Proceedings of the general affembly, 6c. Some account of the MARINE SOCIETY 232. Comımissions not attested in terms of the act g. METEOROLOGICAL journals 237.,

1722 received 261. A diffent from this judg. POETRY. Love's artifice 238. Epitaph, design ment ib. The reasons 234. Of discontinuing

ed for its author ib. Epigram, on a late tranf the Saturday and Monday sermons in the fyaction ib. and on the King of Prussia's being nod of Argyle 262. and the Friday fellowthip: put under the ban of the empire ib.

meetings in that of Sutherland and Caithness HistoRY'239.

274. Bohemia entered by the 263. Determination of the prosecution against Prussians in three places at once 239. An ac Mr Carlyle for going to the playhouse 264. count of an action at Reichenberg, by the Overtures relating to the stage and to simoniaPrussians 240. by the Austrians ib. Ac *cal practices ib. A comparison between the counts of a general engagement near Prague, calculations on which the scheme for a proviby the Prussians 241. by the Austrians 243. sion to ministers widows, doc. proceeded, and Prague besieged 244. A declaration by the the facts as they have come out ib. SettleKing of G. Britain, as Elector of Hanover ib. ments 265. The affair of Prof. Brown of Proceedings relative to the Aptigallican's prize St Andrew's 266. Mr Grier of Durifdeer des 246. : Damien's sentence and execution 249. posed 273. Mr Home of Athelfonford re

Affairs in North America 250. Disasters at signs 274
Bengal 252, 3.
Lists of killed, br. 254.

LISTS, TABLES, GC. 274. 280.

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Proceedings of the POLITICAL CL'UB, continued from p. 185
The debate on the motion for a bill for the bill will therefore be fo far from being

encouragement of feamen concluded. a sort of declaration of war, that it will The Speech of L. Halienus, she laf pen all Europe as a proof, of our being re

be a proof, and must be looked on by blished of this debate.

folved not to enter into a war, unless Mr President,

forced to it by the injustice and obftinaWas very much surprised to hear cy of the court of France. Such a bill the Hon. and learned gentleman cannot be considered by any court in so much as suggest, that the bill Europe, no note

even by the court of now proposed contains any thing France itself, but only as a method of like a declaration of war, after having preparing for war: and if any such meheard from almost every gentleman who thod could be called a declaration of has spoke in its favour, that the bill is war, furely our voting 50,000 men for not to be of any force unless a war be the sea-service, as we did but a few actually declared. Our pafling fuch a days fince, ought much rather to be VOL. XIX.

Kk considered


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considered as a declaration of war. any such apprehension. And with reSuch a bill as this now proposed is real. gard to the restitution of the ships and Jy a necessary consequence of that reso. cargoes which we have taken, or shall lution ; and must be agreed to, other take before a declaration of war, the wise that resolution will, to the whole bill proposed, if paffed into a law, could world, appear to be ridiculous ; for what not any way affect that reftitution ; as fignifies voting such a number of feamen, neither ship nor cargo is to be appropriaunless we take the most proper method ted to the captors, until after a declarafor raising them? I must beg that gen. tion of war; and after our having passed tlemen will have some little regard to this bill, the French can have no better the character, the honour and dignity title to that reftitution than they have at of this august assembly, by considering present: for supposing the ships to have what the people without doors will been taken by way of reprisal, or fupthink of our one day voting 50,000 men posing they have been taken as a pledge for the sea- fervice, and the next day re for the damage they have done us, and jecting that which has, by experience, the expence they have put us to, they been found to be the most effectual me. can in no case have any pretence to de. thod for raising them, as well as the mand restitution, without offering to molt agreeable to the constitution of our make good all that damage and ex: government.

pence; and this, I am convinces, does Whoever does this, Sir, will, I am already amount to more than the vafure, readily concur in ordering this bill lue of all the ships we have taken, or to be brought in ; and I am equally sure, may take before a declaration of war. that no man, either abroad or at home. They will make this demand, if they who understands any thing of the punc- find that our ministers are so pufillanit tilio of honour, 'can think, that the ho. mous as to dread coming to an open nour of France will be more deeply,en- war. But in no case will they demand gaged by our paffing such a bill as this, restitution of the ships and cargoes themihan it has been by our seizing their selveș; nor could we make it if they fhips, and imprisoning their feamen. should, even though this motion were Whether they fill continue to amufe us rejected; because many of the cargoes with a negotiation, as they have done and perhaps fome of the ships, are alfor several years past, is what I know ready become rotten by lying in our nothing of; but if they do, and are now harbours. And this makes me think, at lait become sincere, I am sure, our that a war, which some gentlemen seem pafling such a bill as this can give them now to be so much afraid of, is already no occasion to think themselves bound become inevitable: for the French court in honour to break it off; and if they will, I believe, infilt peremptorily upon still design nothing but amusement, the being paid the value of all the fhips and fooner they break it oft, the better for cargoes we have taken, without any ale us. We ought ourselves to break it off; lowance for our damage or expence; for after negotiating, and tamely fuf, and this, I believe, no British minifter fering their incroachments and insults will venture to advise his Majefty to a. for fo many years, no court in Europe gree to; nor will a British parliament could find fault with us, should we now grant the money for such a purpose, as send our ultimatum to the court of France, long as we have a Mip that darę swim and demand a pofitive and categorical the ocean, answer in a month or lix weeks time. This confideration, Sir, should make

With regard to the first disadvantage, as the less concerned about what may be therefore, which the Hon. and learned the consequences of our paling such a gentleman supposed our agreeing to this bill as is now proposed; for as war is, motion would be attended with, it is e. in my opinion, become inevitable, we vident, I think, Sir, that there is not should neglect nothing that may in the the least foundation for our being under leaft tend to enable us to prosecute it

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with vigour, that we may; as I trust in house had agreed to the resolution of our
God we thall, end it with glory. That committee of supply, for employing
the bill now proposed will have such 50,000 men in the sea-service for the
a tendency, is not to be doubted : nay, ensuing year: and if they have been ig-
this has in fome degree been allow- norant or negligent of their duty to their
ed by every gentleman that has spoke King and country, it can be no reason
against it: it will not only induce fome, against the defe& being supplied by any
I think many seamen, to enter into his member of this house, who is fo lucky
Majesty's service, but it will revive the as to foresee what will be so necessary for
{pirits of all those that are in his service. the public service.
I say, revive, Sir; for their fpirits have Thus, Sir, it must appear, that no
been very much flattened by observing disadvantage can attend our bringing in
so many prizes brought in, and no step and passing such a bill, that a very great
taken towards giving them, or any advantage will probably result even from
thing in lieu of them, to the captors. its being ordered to be brought in, and
This they expected; this they had rea. that it is become absolutely necessary to
son to expect, and their disappointment bring it in as soon as posible, in order
operates the more strongly, as they su: to enable us to prepare for a war, which
spect, that this new method of commen, the conduct of our ministers has already
cing and carrying on a war, has been made inevitable. Nothing therefore
refulved on, with a design to deprive can, I think, prevent this motion's ber
them of the advantage they would by ing agreed to, but a fawning complai-
exprefs law have had a right to, had fance for the court of France, taken up
the war been commenced in the usual by some amongst us, after perceiving
open and generous manner.

that the hectoring countepance they
Qur brave feamen, Sir, are too loyal lately put on is not like to produce the
to impute any disappointment, or any effect they expected, But supposing that
oppreslion they meet with, to their soe we still had some ground to hope for an
vereign. That the King can do no amicable end to the disputes now fub:
wrong, is a maxim rivetted in their fisting between France and us, and that
breafts, not by churchmen or lawyers, it would be improper, while fuch hopes
þut by early education, and the conti: are depending, to have such a bill part-
nual pra&ice of loyalty ; therefore we ed into a law; even this can be no argu-
have no occasion to apprehend that this ment against our ordering such a bill to
motion, or our passing such a bill as this, be brought in; because it is allowed, on
can alienate the affections of any one all hands, that in two or three months
seaman from his Majesty. It may in. every hope of this kind must be abfolute.
deed give them eause to think, that we ly determined ; and though the bill were
in this house are better and more faith. now ordered to be brought in, it will
ful counsellors to our sovereign than any be two or three months before it can be
of his ministers ; and I hope, that not passed into a law, as the act now in bee
only all our seamen, but all our foldiers, ing, relating to the disposal of prizes,
will for ever think fo. Therefore, Sir, ftands in need of many amendments,
I am so far from being sorry at this mo especially with regard to agents, who
tion's having been now made, that I am during the last war were too apt to con-
glad it has been made without so much as vert to their own use, or to detain in
a hint from any of those who call them- their own hands, that property which
felves the servants of the crown. If should have been immediately after their
they had been wife and vigilant servants, receiving it distributed among our brave
such a bill as this would have been mo. feamen.
ved by them, and passed by this house, Therefore, Şir, if the bill should be
before the end of last session ; or at least now ordered to be brought in, and a
such a motion as this would have been peace should ensuç before its being pass,
made last week by them, as soon as the ed into a law, we may then drop the

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