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H 1 S T O R r. The third eidyllion of Bion imitaied.
Hanges still continue to be made in Enus one night ('twas in a dream)
the OTTOMAN ministry. Early in
April the Reis Effendi was deposed, and Cupid stood ha mless by her side,
ordered not to ftir out of his house. One And bow'd his head, while thus she cry'd,
Becher Effendi succeeded him in that “ Here, Shepherd, take this idle thing, “ And teach him just like you to sing."
office, a man, as they say, of great exShe disappear'd. - I play'd my part,
perience and abilities. Soon after, leAnd fondly taught my rural art,
veral subordinate officers in his depart( Pan's workmanship, the various reed;
ment were removed, and others rein. Th'invention of the blue-ey'd maid ;
stated. The subtle Hermes' tuneful shell;
Letters from PETERSBURG observe, And Phæbus' harp, and matchless skill): I lectur'd but he would not hear;
that the manufactory of printed linens, I storm'dhe answer'd with a speer. set up there about three years ago, by At last — “ Good Sir,” he smiling says, two British merchants, has been impro
Lay by your rules and learned phrase; ved and increased to such a degree, as “ Be patient while I teach you better,
to be able to answer the demands of the “ For you know nothing of the matter." He sung the glories of his reign,
whole Russian empire ; and that the feThe loves of gods, and mortal men.
nate, in order to render it still more fouCareless of what did first employ,
rishing, have issued an edi&t for doubling I liftend to the wondrous boy;
the duties on all foreign printed linens, And from that hour — 'tis true as fove)
except such as shall be imported by the My thoughts, and songs, have all been love.
way of Astracan, Orenberg, and Te. An EP IT A P H.
mernicoff. The British merchants at Designed for its author.
Petersburg having discovered some unB , , of
The mould’ring fragments of a mortal's newing between their nation and that No busy noise invades this filent shade, No vain — aspiring longings after fame.
empire the treaty of commerce which is Like you, I once have trod the maze of life;
on the point of expiring, the ministry Like you, have languished after empty joys; has signified to the British conful, that Like you, have labour'd in the formy strife, though the treaty is not yet renewed,
Been griev'd for trifles, and amus’d with toys. his Britannic Majesty's subjects may ftill To Reason's dictates when I lent an car, [brcast; continue their trade on the same footing
Harmonious heav'nly sweetness footh'd my as formerly. The Empress is said to When Paffion ruld, 'twas all tumultuous care,
be dangerously ill of a dropsy; and this A racking conscience, and distemper'd rest. The foul that once inform'd this brittle clay,
is assigned as the reason why her troops To regions far remote has wing'd its flight;
have so long delayed their march. We Balks in the radiance of celestial day,
were lately informed, that some of the Or howls amid the gloom of endless night. Ruffian cossacks, who had stopped, and Forget my frailties; thou art also frail : plundered several waggons belonging
Forgive my failings; - thou thyself maylt fall: to Prussian peasants on the frontiers of Nor read unmov'd my artlets, tender tale; Courland, were severely punished, that
I was a friend, O man, to thee, to all. Kesha
the waggons were fent back, and the April 9. 1757
MORITURUS. peasants had money given them. Ac. EPIGRAM on a late tranfaétion. [256.]
cording to a letter from Warsaw, dated The home arealues molt, to each the fent : HÉ two great rivals London might content, there from Lithuania bore, that the
May 4. the advices then last received Ill was the franchise coupled with the box;
Russian cavalry, which had been for Give PITT the freedom, and the gold to F fome time at Orz and Dulranau, and in EPIGRA M. (206.]
that neighbourhood, was then certainly B , fi
marching towards Mink and Wilna; His noble conquests, his exalted views;
but that as it had a long way to pass be. Oh! Francis, ralh, uxorious, head rong elt,
fore it could join the grand army, which Ese long thou'lt su:e bave cause to ban thyself. had not begun to march, it was impof.
fible that the Russians could begin their in giving him proofs of it, when not operations till the month of June. hindered by other confiderations ; but
Letters from Stockholm represent the that the present fituation of affairs was spirit of disturbance in Sweden as to- of such a nature, as not to permit his tally subsided, more respect being paid continuing to wait on the Queen of Poto che King than ever, and several of land. On the receipt of this answer, the most powerful fenators feeming to the Duke dispatched a courier for Naples. look upon the present conjuncture as fa The King of Prussia had taken great vourable, or at least capable of being care to keep his troops in a good condirendered fo, to the views of their country. tion; and we have been assured that To this cause they actribute the naval in fact they never took the field in a and military preparations making in that better than they were in laft spring. kingdom, with intention to put boch Such was his Majesty's situation as rentheir fleet and army in a respectable con- dered the utmost expedition neceffary to dition.
fuccefs. So soon as the season permite The transactions of a public nature in ted, he suddenly assembled three armies, GERMANY continue to be numerous and one on the side of Silesia, commanded important. 'Tis said, that the King of by Marshal Schwerin, another in LusaPrussia's conduct towards Madam Bruhl, tia, under the Prince of Bevern, and as in our last, was on account of her the third in Saxony, headed by himself. having formed a design to have him af. These armies he immediately put in faffinated by means of one of his pages, motion, in order to enter Bohemia all who had a pair of pistols, each loaded at one time, and surprise the Austrians with a brace of balls. They say, that before they were prepared. His plan with the one he was to have performed had been kept an impenetrable secret to the horrid deed, and then, by laying the last, nay, after it began to be carboth near, made it be believed he had de- ried into execution. His Majesty caused stroyed himself. -His Pruffian Maje- part of his own army march towards Efty, before he left Dresden, thought gra; from whence his enemies judged, proper to forbid all persons to approach that though he defigned to enter Bohethe court of the Queen of Poland, ex- mia with the armies commanded by cept her domestics. The Duke of St Schwerin and Bevern, yet he did not Elisabeth, minister from the King of propose to join them with his own. the Two Sicilies, having afterward re. The Austrians seeing the Prussian troops paired to the palace, the officer upon thus divided, sent a considerable de. guard objected to his admittance, not tachment, under the command of Gene. withstanding which the Duke passed on. ral Aremberg, to oppose the body that The officer thought himself justifiable was marching to Egra. This was just in not stopping him, because he was what the King of Pruffia wanted; so the minister of a foreign potentate allied that corps made a sudden motion to the by marriage to the royal family; but as left, by which the junction of Aremno such distinction had been made in his berg's detachment with the main body orders, he received a mortifying punish of the Austrians was rendered very dif. ment for his disobedience. Next day ficult. His Majesty entered Bohemia the Duke of St Elisabeth went again to at Ausig, almost without oppofitionthe palace, but was peremptorily refu. Mean while the Prince of Bevern's fed admittance by the same officer; march soon brought on an action; the upon which he returned to his house, account of which, as published in the and wrote a letter to the King of Prussia London Gazette, is as follows, dated, complaining of this usage. His Ma. From the King's head quarters at Linay in jefty immediately sent him an answer to Bohemia, April 24: The following purpose: That he had “ His Highness the Duke of Bevern all possible regard for his character and having marched, the zoth, at the head person, and would always take delight of a body of the army which was in
M m 2 Lufatia,
Lusatia, from the quarters of canton- giving the horse-grenadiers a very warm ment near Zittau, possessed themselves reception, notwithstanding the enemy's immediately, without the loss of a single artillery took them in Alank. Ls:Gen. man, of the first post of Bohemia at Lestewitz, at the same time, attacked Krottau and Grafenstein, drove away with our left wing the redoubts which the enemy the same day from Kratzen, covered Reichenberg. Though there and marched towards Machendorf, near were many defiles, and rising ground, to Reichenberg. The fame morning Put- pass, which were all occupied by the kammer's hussars, commanded by their enemy, yet the regiment of Darmstadt Colonel and by Major Schänfeld, rout. forced the redoubt, and put to fight ed some hundreds of the enemy's cui. and pursued the enemy, after some disraffiers, commanded by Prince Lich- charges of their artillery and small arms, tenstein, who were posted before Kohlig, from one eminence to another, for the and took prisoners, one captain, two. distance of a mile, as far as Rochlitz fubalterns, and above fixty horse. The and Dorffel. The lofs of the enemy a, rest were entirely dispersed, and scarcely mounts, as far as we can learn at present, able to rally near Kratzen. The night to 1000 killed and wounded. We have coming on, obliged the troops to re- made about 20 officers and
soldiers main in the open air till the next morn, prisoners, and have taken three standing. The zift, at break of day, our ards. Cannon and ammunition-wag. troops marched in two columns by Ha- gons are said to have been found among bendorf towards the enemy's army, the felled trees and intrenchments; but posted near Reichenberg, and come the departure of the courier prevents our manded by General Count Konigsegg, giving an exact list of them at this preand 28,000 strong. As soon as the lines sent moment. Gen. Porporati is fupwere formed, they advanced towards posed to have been killed, because some the enemy's cavalry, which was ranged letters directed to him have been found in three lines of about thirty squadrons. upon the field of battle. The action The two wings were sustained by the began at half an hour after six o'clock, infantry, which was posted among felled and continued till eleven. On our fide trees and intrenchments. They imme. there were seven subalterns, and about diately cannonaded the enemy's caval. 100 men killed ; Gen. Normann, Major sy; who received it bravely, having on de Mellin of the regiment of Amstel, their right a village, and on their left a Col. Lettow of D’Armstadt, Majors wood, where they had intrenched them. de Platen, de Normann, and de Beya felves with felled trees and pits. But ern, of Wurtemberg, the Captains de the Duke of Bevern having caused fif. Pabstein, de Normann, and de Put. teen squadrons of dragoons of the se. kammer of Amstel, feven subalterns, cond line to advance, and ordered the and 150 men were wounded. The of. wood on our right to be attacked at ficers and private men equally deserve the same time by the battalions of gre. the highest commendations. His High. nadiers of Kahlden and of Moellendorff, ness the Duke of Bevern in particular, and by the regiment of the Prince of who had before distinguished himself in Prussia, who cleared all the felled trees so fignal a manner in former campaigns, and the intrenchments there, our dra- and last year at the battle of Lowositz, goons, who had by this means their in this action gave fresh proofs of that Hanks covered, entirely routed the e. fkill and courage which will transmit nemy's cavalry. The Generals Nor. his name to posterity. mann, Katt, and the Prince of Wurtem. The following is the Austrian account berg, signalized themselves extremely on of that affair, taken also from the Lonthis occasion.
don Gazette. "Vienna, April 25. Last “ Col. Putkammer, and Major Schæn- night an officer arrived here from the feld, with their husfars, have likewise frontiers of Bohemia, with the news, particularly distinguished themselves, by that the Prince of Bevern having advan
ced with a body of 25,000 men, had ecuted with great diligence. M. Schwe attacked and forced Reichenberg, where rin joined the Prince of Bevern almost General Count Konigsegg was posted without loss, and they marched on towith 10,000 Auftrians. The action was gether. In the mean time the King's very obstinate, and lasted near fix hours ; army moved along the Elbe, and, haso that it is thought the Pruffians must ving passed the Eger, advanced to Bu. have lost a great number of men. The din ; from whence the Austrians, who loss on the side of the Austrians is com. had a strong camp there, instantly reputed at 2000, killed and wounded. treated, and marched to Walwarn, aGeneral Count Porporati, and Count bout half-way to Prague. Before the il Hohenfeldt, of the regiment of Lich- of May the armies under his Majesty tenstein, are killed. Prince Charles and M. Schwerin were fo situated that Lichtenstein is said to be dangerously they could easily join ; so that a battle wounded. Gen. Konigsegg retired in appeared inevitable, unless the Austrians good order with the remains of his troops would abandon Prague, the capital of to a post in the neighbourhood, Bohemia, to be besieged.--Accor.
Marshal Schwerin began his march dingly a battle foon ensued; and on the on the 18th of April, and entered Bo- i9th of May, at night, an express arria hemia at five different places in so many ved at London, from Col. Yorke, the columns. His design was so well con- British minister at the Hague, with the cealed, that the Austrians had not the following account of it, as received from least miltrust of any thing; and his Berlin by M. de Hellen, the Praffian troops were not discovered till. pait the miniiter at the Hague, which was next frontiers. The dangerous defile of Gul- day published in a London gazette exden Oelse, which the Prussians had ne- traordinary, viz. ver before pailed without the loss of some " Berlin, May 10. 1757. You have hundreds killed and wounded, was im- been already apprised of the rapid promediately filled with Austrian pandours gress of the King's arms in Bohemia; to dispute the passage; but they were no and I have now the pleasure to inform fooner discovered, than two battalions you of the glorious event with which it of dragoons attacked them with their has pleased Heaven to crown those frist bayonets fixed, and routed them. At successes in a complete victory obrained Trautenau, two Austrian generals, with by his Majesty near Prague, on the 6th the Princes Xavier and Charles of Saxo. instant, over the whole combined force ny, narrowly escaped falling into his of the house of Austria. hands. A considerable magazine was “ The King having been informed, seized at Jung Buntzlau, consisting of that Marsal Brown had been reinforced 40,000 bushels of oats, and above 2000 by the army of Moravia, by the remains barrels of meal. A detachment of his of the corps which was beat by the Prince army, under the command of Lt-Gen. of Bevern, and by several regiments of Winterfeld, having fallen in with the the garrison of Prague, and feemed re. rearguard of that corps which the Prince solved to maintain the post he had taken of Bevern beat near Reichenberg, made on the other side of the Moldau; bis many prisoners, and took the baggage Majesty passed that river with a small of the Generals Pretlack and Lasci, be- part of his own army, and being joined sides the ammunition-waggons and tents by that under the command of Marshal belonging to three regiments.
Schwerin, determined to attack the eneHis Prussian Majesty sent instructions my, though much superior in number of to all his generals to advance with their troops, and posted besides in a camp aldifferent corps into the heart of the king. most inaccessible, from every advaniage dom, in order, by the celerity of their of ficuation, All these obstacles could march, to confound the dispositions of not check the ardour of the Prufian of. his enemies, and prevent their assembling ficers and men, who vied with each oin bodies. These inftructions were ex- ther in pating defiles, in creding marines,
seizing the rising grounds, and clearing thing, and scarce having wherewithal to ditches, till at length, after a very long cover themselves, from the total loss of and obstinate engagement, and many their equipages. In short, all the cirfignal examples of valour, the enemy cumstances conspire in making this the was forced to abandon the field of bat. completest and most decisive victory that tle, leaving behind them the greatest has happened for many years. Accor. part of their artillery, all their tents, all ding to the report of one of the general their baggage, and, in a word, their officers of the King's army, our loss is
We have indeed had a not so considerable by far as was at first very affecting loss in the person of Mar. imagined ; and we have the satisfaction fhal Schwerin, who was unfortunately to know with certainty, that the King, killed in the beginning of the action; and the princes his brothers, are well.” and in the death of several others, who The following has been given as an have lavished their blood, on this occa. account of the same battle, published at fion, in the service of their country. Berlin. But, on the other hand, the loss of the “On the 2d of May our vanguard Austrians has been so much the greater, advanced to Weissenberg, where we saw not only in the number of their dead and the enemy retiring to Prague. On the wounded, but also in the prodigious num. 3d and 4th we took posfellion of the eber of prisoners which we have taken; minences and vineyards round the town, insomuch that this battle may be rec. without meeting with any opposition. koned decisive in every sense, and in all On the 5th a detachment advanced to respects. The enemy retired in the Seltz, and threw bridges over the Mol. greatest confusion, and a part of the dau. On the 6th in the morning, the left wing filed with the utmost precipita. King, at the head of this detachment, tion into the city of Prague. The Prufo joined M. Schwerin's army; and a refian troops are still in pursuit of the re. solution was taken to attack the enemy mains of their army; and we have rea- that day. son to hope, that this action will be no “M. Brown's army was posted with its less glorious in its consequences, than it left on the hill of Ziska, and its right on was in itself.
an eminence near Sterboholi. It was “ Such are the first circumstances of judged expedient to go round his army; this memorable day, which the house of and with that view we filed off to the left Austria will long remember, and which by Porschernitz. M. Brown, afsoon as will ever be a fignal monument of the he observed this motion, filed off to the intrepidity of the Prussian troops ; and, right, to avoid being flanked. In the above all, of the protection with which mean time we proceeded beyond BisHeaven continues to bless the justice of cowitz, through defiles and moraffes ; his Majesty's cause.
which forced our foot to separate ; and “ P.S. of the same date. We this making their attack assoon as they were moment learn further, that the number formed, with too much precipitation, of cannon taken from the enemy amounts they were at first repulsed ; and Field. already to 250 pieces; a memorable cir. Marshal Schwerin, the greatest general cumftance, which never happened in any of the age, was shot dead, holding in of the former battles gained by his Ma- his hand the colours of his regiment, jesty. The number of prisoners amounts which he had taken op. Our foot, haalready to 6 or 7000 men, besides those ving rallied, fell again upon the right that have been made fince, and are fill wing of the enemy, and broke it. making; the whole of the King's army “Our cavalry on the left, after three that was engaged being in pursuit of the charges, obliged the Austrian cavalry, enemy; who, by the accounts of all the on the right of the enemy's army, to fly. prisoners and deferters, are in the utmost Our centre routed the infantry, and push. conservation, and in a desolation not to ed quite through the enemy's camp: ,