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marched directly towards Michelly, confidently told they had 30,000 men where it was joined by the cavalry, and killed, wounded, &c. M. Schwerin cut off the Austrian army, whose right and several other Prussian generals are was running away towards Safszawa. among the sain. Their regiments of Oar troops on the right immediately at- Itzeplitz, Darmstadt, and two other, tacked the left of Gen. Brown, and suc. were those that suffered moft, and were cesively seized on three batteries on dif- obliged to commit their standards to the ferent eminences. The cavalry which custody of other regiments. On our fide, we had on the right did not engage: it is said, Gen. Feuerstein is killed, and

“ Prince Henry of Prusia, and the that M. Brown, and the Generals LuDuke of Bevern, who performed won- chesi and Lasci, are wounded. Gen. ders, made themselves masters of two Nadafti is come with 15,000 fresh troops, batteries.

and with the garrisons of Brinn and Ol“Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick ha- mutz; we wait impatiently for an acving taken the left of the Austrians in count of what he may have done. It is Alank, while the King, with his left and said that the regiment of Los Rios, and a body of cavalry, had gained the Mol. the others from the Netherlands, are dau, the Austrian infantry was obliged those that suffered most; and that it is to throw themselves into Prague, from their baggage, and not the baggage of whence they intended to retire by Ko. the whole army, that has fallen into the nigfall : but the corps under M. Keith enemy's hands. It is added, that the stopped their passage; so that they are Prussians were twice repulsed with great all blocked up there, with the cavalry loss on their part; and that our greatest which retreated with them.

disadvantage in the battle proceeded from “ The number of prisoners we have the wind, which blew the powder into the made surpasses 4000. We have taken eyes of our troops. Hitherto there is no sixty cannon and ten standards, and such thing as the surrender or bombardhave thirty of the enemy's officers among ment of Prague; on the contrary, we our prisoners.

perceive that the Austrian army is making “Our loss amounts to 2500 killed, and dispositions in the neighbourhood of the number of our wounded to about3000. that city, which plainly give the lie to

Gen. d'Amstel, the Prince of Hol. the false accounts of that army's having stein-beck, Col. Goltze, Col. Manstein, been routed. Moreover, we know that Lt. Col. Rohe, are killed. The Gene. Duke Charles of Lorrain is at Prague, rals Winterfeld, de la Mothe, Fouque, and that the enemy have taken Pilfen, Hautcharmoy, Blankenfee, and Plets and set fire to Rokitzan.” tenberg, wounded.

Vienna, May 11. The account of “Col. Pátkammer, sent in pursuit of our defeat on the 6th instant is confirmthe enemy on the side of Benischau, ad. ed, but no particulars are yet arrived. vises that the Austrians were entirely The weight of the battle fell on our broke and dispersed; that they were fly- right wing ; who, after a very vigorous ing towards Budweis, and that in his pur- resistance, were at laft driven off the field fuit he made a great number of prisoners." of battle; and the remains of them,

The two following letters look the li- which are said to amount to 10 or 12,000 kest to accounts of this action, and its men, are now affembling at Benischau, consequences, on the Austrian side, of under Marshal Pretlack, general of any thing we have yet feen.

horse. The left wing, where Prince · Egra, May 1 2. In the battle fought Charles was in person, is , now with the 6th of this month, where Duke his Royal Highness in Prague. MarCharles of Lorrain and M. Brown gave shal Daun with his army is at Boemifchsignal proofs of their courage and con- brod, but the Pruffians are so spread o. duct, our loss has been very consider- ver the country, that there is no dire&t able. But it is very likely that the ene. communication between Prague and my's loss is much greater ; for we are Boemischbrod.”

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It is generally thought, that we have Prince Louis of Wurtemberg, the Prince hot yet got an exact relation of the af- of Modena, che Dukes of Aremberg and fair from either fide. Letters from Ursel, the Prince of Ligne, and the Francfort intimate, that the King of Marquis of Deynse. Within a few Prullia, for certain political reasons, days after the battle Prague was comchufes at present rather to diminish than pletely invested, his Pruffian Majesty magnify the advantage he has gained. commanded on one side of the river Some in the Austrian interest have faid, which runs through it, and Marshal that they had not above 55,000 men at Keith on the other. Intrenchments had the battle. If so, where were all the been thrown upon all the avenues leading other troops of which they told us their to the city; and parties were kept conseveral great armies were to confiit be. tinually patrolling about on all sides, fore the opening of the campaign? or The heavy artillery of the Prussians arwhat is become of them since the action rived at that place on the uth of May, They do not acquaint us where they and it was expected their batteries would now have as many forces as they for- be ready to play by the 22d and 23d. merly had above 55,000, though not a They write from Vienna, that there is man of these had escaped from the field in the city a great quantity of ammuniand its neighbourhood. We have in. tion, four, wine, beer, butchers meat, deed been cold, that M. Daun picked and especially falt provisions, sufficient up the remains of the right wing, and for several months. The truth as to joined them to about 15,000 men for- that will probably appear ere long. In merly under his command. The whole, the mean time almost all the other mahowever, had not made a great army; gazines of provisions and ammunition, for letters even from Vienna acknow. which the Austrians had collected during ledge, that the King of Prussia having the winter, at a vast expence, serve now detached only about 30,000 men to of. for the subsistence and defence of those fer him battle at Boemischbrod, he de- very troops against whom they were in. clined it, and retreated to a greater di. tended to be employed. We are in ftance. Some on the Austrian side have formed, that a body of Prussian husfars asserted, that a great many took the op- had marched into the Upper Palatinate, portunity of the battle to desert from the and were levying contributions in the Prusians to them. It is not probable country belonging to the Elector Palatine. that very many would take that part, We hear that the 6000 men with whom after the action had continued for any the Duke of Wurtemberg was to furnilh considerable time. On the other hand the Empress-Queen, have absolutely reit has been said of the Prusian army, fused to serve against the King of Prussia. that, notwithstanding its great loss, it We shall now give some account of was as strong within a few days after as what has been passing in the neighbourbefore the bartle, by the numbers of hood of the Lower Rhine. -Before his Auftrians whom hunger, thirst, and o- Britannic Majesty, as Elector of Hanother motives, had prompted to inlist in- ver, would let his troops take the field, to it. The numbers of Autisians who he published the following declaration, threw themselves into Prague after their to set forth his motives. Toute have been very differently repre. George R. Yented

Letters from Vienna call them His Majefy the King of G. Britain, between 30 and 40,000, and advices from Francfort raise them to 48,000. did his utmost to prevent the war which With those troops almost all the gene- hath arisen between him, as King, and Tal officers and persons of diftinction en- the crown of France, and to regulate tered that city, and in particular Prince in an amicable manner the differences Charles of Lorrain, Marshal Count which occasioned it. His Majesty's en. Brown, the King of Poland's two sons, deavours for this end having proved in

effectual, effectual, he made it his study to hinder by Westphalia, which, after putting a the war from spreading; and the peace garrison in the imperial city of Cologne, of his German dominions in particular, is advancing towards the electoral doand that of the empire in general, from minions of Brunswick, hath already pebeing involved in disturbances in the netrated into the bishoprick of Munfter, motives whereof they had no concern. and there exacted contributions; by

For these reasons, and in considera- which their views and designs against tion of the great probability, in the au. the said electoral dominions of Brunf. tumn of 1 1755, that the crown of France, wick are clearly manifefted : his Britane in resentment of those differences, me. nic Majesty, as Elector of Brunswickditated an attack upon the King's Ger. Lunenburg, sees himself unwillingly reman dominions, his Majesty, in the be. duced to the indispensable necessity of ginning of the following year, conclu. assembling an army, and ordering it to ded a treaty with the King of Pruslia, the march, in order to divert, with the afintention whereof was to compel that fiftance of the Most High, all violence, crown to drop its designs, which it was injustice, and ufurpation, from his own natural to expect would be the conse. dominions, and those of his neighbours. quence. And another war having, con- In order to prevent any persons from trary to his Majesty's expectation, broke being deceived by a groundless suspiout soon after in the heart of Germany, cion, his Majesty would not omit this his Majesty has carefully avoided taking opportunity of declaring, in the face of any part in it.

the whole empire,

" That he is very It is impossible for the impartial far from designing to act offensively aworld, after considering his Britannic gainst any of his co-estates in the emMajesty's conduct on this occafion, pire, or even againft the crown of which manifestly tended only to the a- France : and that by the armament and foresaid ends, not to see the injustice of march of his forces, to which step he the motives and pretexts which the court has been forced, he seeks only to divert, of France would alledge to justify their as has been said, with the divine blerinvasion of the electoral territories of sing, all invasion, violence, and hoftiBrunswick, which are under the protec- lity; and to do in that event, as a prin. tion of the empire.

cipal member of the empire, what is If they build their pretext on the war just in the fight of God and man, and that has broke out between England and what he owes to the safety of the coun. France, it is evident that this war, both try that God hath intrufted to him.” in its rise and object, are entirely foreign He rests affured, that no person will to his Majesty, as Elector, and to his misconftrue or misinterpret the justice of German territories.

this self-defence to which he is forced': As to the second war, namely, that in particular, he trufts to the amicable which hath been lighted up in Germa. confidence of his co-eftates in the ema ny, the crown of France,' as guarantee of pire, that they will not counteract his the peace of Westphalia, hath not, on views, which are favourable to themone hand, the least pretext to act against' selves, and tend to remove war and its the aforesaid ftates, whild they cannot calamities from their frontiers ; but that convict his Majesty of any contravention they will rather concur with and proof the said peace ; and, on the other mote them; that, knowing that his Maa hand, France cannot, as the ally and jesty's forces will observe the most rigoauxiliary of the Empress Queen of Hun- rous discipline, they will in return give. gary and Bohemia, act against a mem- them proofs of their good will, partiber of the empire, who is not at war, cularly by supplying them, for ready nor hath the least difference with her money, with what provisions and forage Imperial and Royal Majesty.

they may stand in need of; and, in fine, Whereas, nevertheless, a numerous that they will not furnish to the adverse: French army hath entered the empire party the smalleft thing that may be Vol. XIX.


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prejudicial to his dominions, or to their two leagues of that principality, that Hanorer, April 23. 1757

general himself having at the same time

advanced, with 1 30 huffars, to the vilThe

army of observation has been af. lage of Lohn on its very frontiers. Acfembling at Bielefield in the county of cording to late accounts, some kirmishes Ravensberg. The Duke of Cumber. had happened between advanced parties land arrived at that place on the 4th of of the two armies. A party of Hano. May, and was followed by the Duke of verians, having passed the Wefer, as Brunswick. That day the Hanoverians well to ravage the country of Paderborn, made themselves masters of the lordship as to reconnoitre the French, carried off and castle of Ritzberg, which the French several waggons loaded with wheat and abandoned after discharging some can- oats, destined for the territories of the non. The Heffians fent back from Elector of Cologn. On the other hand, England, were to be incamped on the a party of Fischer's holiars having fallen 20th between the Aller and the Weser, in with a small body of Hanoverians, in and consequently would be at hand to the county of Teklenberg, they routed join the army. It is said advice has them, and made some prisoners. been received from his Royal Highness, We have advices from CORSICA, that that he has been joined by 18,000 M. Paoli, general of the malecontents, Prussians from Magdeburg, being part had drawn M. Matra, who was at the of the 30,000 which had been left there head of the Genoefe party in the inland as a body of reserve. In the mean time parts of that island, into an ambuscade, the French on the Lower Rhine are in which he was killed, his whole party constantly filing off. They have taken being at the same time dispersed. Acpoffeffion of the county of Lingen in the cording to latest accounts, Paoli : ftill Empress-Queen's name. That county, stood his ground; found means puncthough inclosed within the bishopric of tually to pay the few regular, troops he Munster, belongs to the King of Prussia. had, and even to increase them;s and They have also taken poffeffion of the had till that time maintained a fair uncounty of Bentheim, though a state no derstanding with the French, to whom way concerned in the present troubles, the malecontents in some places fornithas being actually under the adminiftra. ed provisions, only for ready money, but tion of the house of Hanover, since the seemed as much as ever determined not convention (xv. 357.] by which the to submit again to the yoke of Genoa, Count of Bentheim mortgaged it to that whatever guaranty might be proposed. house, for a sum of money annually paid It is assured, that the King of SPAIN to this nobleman, who resides in France. has signed a treaty of neutrality with They write from Cleves of May. 15. G. Britain during the presentiwarzı. that the fiege of Guelders was turned We now see the following account of into a blockade, it being judged not the proceedings in Spain, relative to the worth while to facrifice a number of Antigallican privateer's prize. [209. men before a place, which, properly On the 26th of December 1756, the blocked up, must foon furrender of Antigallican privateer took the Duke course; that only a few regiments were de Penthievre Indiamantin the channel employed in this blockade; and that that forms the entry of the ports of Ferthe rest of the French and Austrian rol and Corunna, and in fight of all the

troops were incamped, and would foon inhabitants of the latter. who march toward Munster, and along the In confequence of the first complaints Lippe, in order to approach the Weser that were made of this infult offered to .and the frontiers of Hanover. A letter the Spanish territory, the commandantfrom Altena of the 14th says, they had general of Galicia ordered both the capadvice from East-Friesland, that a de- tain and the pilot of the port to be exatachment of 6000 French, headed by the mined upon it; and that any witnesses Duke de Mazarin, was arrived within brough: by the French conful fould al


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forbe admitted to give their evidence in sul did then: offer to be bound that they the matter upon oath.

should not go out of port without orders "Afterothe moft proper informations from Madrid ; which offer the governor were taken at Corunna, the command- accepted with the greatest politeness, ant-generali fent an account of the whole and the troops were immediately with to court; and likewife delivered a copy of drawn, and only fome customhouse.of. all the depofitions to the French consul. ficers left on board.

The French in confequence of this Authentic instruments, containing an applied to the King of Spain; who account of all these transactions, were gave orders that these informations, and delivered to the English and French the letter from the commandant of Ga- consuls. The consul of England in., licia, should be laid before his council formed the British ambassador at Maof war.

drid of the affair ; who, on the 27th of · Whilft the council of war were going February, presented a memorial, and a on with the examination, an account copy of an affidavit of a lieutenant of came to court that the privateer and her the French prize, made by him, as it prize were arrived at Cadiz: and though appears, in the port of Cadiz, in..prethe French conful there applied to the fence of the English consul, and on governor of the port, defiring that he board the ship where he was a prisoner: would detain the vessels, he refused to upon these grounds the ambassador dedo it, as he had no orders from court manded that the prize should not be de. for that purpose.

livered to the French ; and though this The council of war having examined application was made fome days after very minutely all the papers and afida. the orders had, in consequence of the vits, gave their opinion as follows: opinion of the council of war, been sent “! That the violation of his Majesty's from Madrid to restore the thip to the territory, and the insult offered to it by French, yet, on this bare complaint, fresh the privateer, being fully and clearly orders were immediately dispatched to proved, the privateer ought to be stopt, the governor of Cadiz, signifying, that the captain punished, and the pretend- he hould not give up the ship to the ed prize, restored to its lawful owners French if he had not already done it, the French

and, if he had, that he should at all eBefore this report was made, the vents keep both ships in his own por, King had sent orders to the governor of session till farther orders. Cadiz to detain both fhips. The go. 'This last order arrived at Cadiz after vernor, upon receiving this order, sent the ship had been given up to the for the English conful, and informed French, in consequence of the prece, him of it ; adding, that provided he (the ding order ; so that the governor could conful) would be answerable for both do no more than seize again upon the Thips and their effects, and that they ships, and keep them both from the should not go out of that port ţill fur. English and the French. ther orders, the governor would not send It may not be improper to add in troops to seize them. But upon the what manner the governor behaved in consul's refusing to do this, and proteft. . executing the orders to deliver the ship ing against whatsoever night be done, to the French, before he received the the governor, in the consul's presence, laft and contrary orders. The captain ordered the mayor of the town, the sea of the privateer, when he was informed cretary of the government, and the no. of what was to be done, got all his men tary of war, to take the necessary troops on board the prize; protested, that far with them to take posiession of the said from giving his consent to it, he would Ships, in order to detain them ; recom- oppose it to his utmost; and seemed to mending to them to use the greatest mo. be getting ready to fail out of port. deration and civility. When the two Upon this rath and imprudent resoluships were thus seized, the English con- tion, the governor ordered the com

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