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nor and council there in October, as river had dropt down several miles from follows.

the fort, and did not leave even a boat “ It seems the governor and council for the others to escape in. The fola at Bengal protected an old nabob de- diers that night knocked off the lock of posed, (a principal officer, or prime mi. the little gate, Mr Holwell having the nifter, according to some letters), from keys, and let in the Moguls; who imthe resentment of the young one, his mediately loaded them with irons, and successor. The latter sent to demand crammed them into a place, called the

but the English refused to deliver black hole, for that night. But out of him up. Upon which he raised an ar- the 175 that went in, only fixteen came

of 30,000 horse, and the same num. out alive next morning; among whom ber of foot, with 3 or 400 elephants of were Mr Holwell, and Mr Burdett, a

The English fent out spies to dif. writer. - The next day they carried cover their number, which they never Mr Bardett to accompany Mr Holwell knew exactly, till they were just upon up the country, loaded with irons, and them. They summoned the fort to de- gave them only rice and water for their liver up the old nabob, promising upon provision: they likewise obliged them that condition to withdraw their troops to walk three days through the fun withimmediately; but this was again refu. out any covering, and, when they arsed. The enemy then threw up a small rived at their journey's end, put them breaft-work opposite to the fort, and into a cow-house, where they narrowly mounted two twelve-pounders upon it. escaped another smothering. However, They fired two or three times in an hour; in three days they dismissed them. From but if they had fired till doomsday, they thence they went to Muxadavat.” could never have made a breach. How. To this letter is subjoined what folever, long before any real attack was lows. “ The 28th of October we sent made, the - run away aboard three ships full of troops and ammunia a ship in the morning; the counsellors tion, to reinstate the company's servants and their wives in the afternoon ; leaving in the settlement of Bengal, as we hear Mr. Holwell behind, who said he would it will be delivered up to us shortly. stay, and defend the place to the last The company is reported to have lost extremity. Being thus left with only by this affair two crow of rupees. a few gentlemen and some military of. Each crow contains 100 lack, and each ficers, he called a council of war. The lack 100,000 rupees; that is, in all, soldiers grumbling at not being permit- twenty millions of rupees; which make ted to escape, he divided three chests of 2,250,000l. Sterling - -The same day the treasure among them, and secured (Oct. 28.) our ambassadors arrived from the keys of the gates himself; and stood Pooner, where they had been three to the defence of the place gallantly. weeks treating with the Moratta prince, The Moguls kept firing their two twelve. to whom we have delivered Geriah pounders to no purpose; for all the mis- [24.], and they in return have given us chief proceeded from the counsellors leveral villages at Sevenrooke. houses being built close round the fort. By the East-India company's, as well In these houses the enemy lodged them. as many private letters, it is advised, felves, and galled the English greatly. that the measures taken by the presi. During all this time the fort fired con- dencies of Fort St George and Bombay, ftantly, and dislodged them several in conjunction with Adm. Watson and times ; but the third day (I think it was Col. Clive, who command the naval the third) most of our men being killed, and land forces, there is the greatest and all the rest wounded, (with only two reason to hope that the company would hours ammunition left), Mr Holwell not only be very soon re-established in thought to have made an honourable Bengal, but that ample satisfaction will retreat, by hanging out a flag of truce to be obtained of the nabob for what the amuse the enemy. But the ships in the company have fuffered by him.

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There are also many letters that men A list of those who efoaped to the ships at Fultas tion the Mogul's having marched a and were there in July 1756, or are since dead.

Gov. Drake; Charles Manningham, William large army into those provinces, which was said to be actually arrived near Pearkes, Eras, of the council ; Capt. George

Frankland, William Macket, and Paul Richard Muxadavat, in order to subdue the na- Minchin and Alexander Grant; En! Carstairs, bob Sourajee Doulah, and fix another (wounded); Rev. Mr Mupletoft, lieutenant of nabob in those provinces.

militia. Mr Pearkes was taken prisoner, but made A list of those killed in the defence) of Calcutta Gentlemen in the company's service: Mess, and Fort-William, and of those who died in the Sumner, Cooke, secretary, Billers, O'Hara, Riblack hole, over-beated, and for want of water. der, Ellis, Lindsay, Tooke sen. Lushington,

Killed: William Baillie, Esq; Capt. P. Smith, Charlton, Valmer, Leister. Mefl. Cooke and Lieut. Picard and Bishop Enf. Blaug ; Meil Lushington were in the black hole. Mr Lindsay Carse, Smith, Wilkinson, and Throleby, gen- is lince dead. tlemen in the company's service; Mess: Purnell, Free merchants, captains of ships, mates, and Stephenson, Parker, Cary, Macpherson, Guy, others: Mest. Beaumont, Margas, Cruttenden, Whitby, and Fidecomb, seafaring men.

Carvalho, Douglas, Baldrick, Wood, Nixon, Shot themselves: Thomas Bellamy, before the Holmes, Putham, Le Beaume; Capt. Rannie, attack of Calcutta; and Lieut. Elliot, after the David Graham, Wedderburn, Walmsey, Austin, surrender of Coffimbuzar factory.

Laing, Widderington, Saunders, Baillie, CampDied in the black hole, of whom some were bell

, Lewis, Lord, Best, Baldwin, Young, cowounded before i hey were put in : Edward Eyre, stelly, Whatmore, Cozens, Nicholson; Dr FulEfq; Thomas Coles (thot in the breast); the Rev. lerton, G. Gray, Taylor, Knox ; Mr Child, Mr Bellamy; Capt. Clayton, Buchanan, Wi- fchoolmaster; Atkinson and Ridge, attorneys; therington, and Simson ; Lieut. Bellamy and Pyfinch, writer; Blany, glass-grinder; Burton, Hayes; Enf

. Scot and Wedderburn; Mef: Jenks, butcher; Coverly, gaoler; Macpherson, cooper; Reveley, Law, Valicourt, Jebb, Dalrymple, Cockylane, a French seafaring gentleman; ChamStephen and Edward Page, Street, Grub, Har- pion, Summers, and Smith, mates of ships ; rod, N. Drake, Dodd, Janiano, Johnston jun. Ling, musician; Cole, carpenter; Dracco con Byng, Orr, and Golling, gentlemen in the com three Portuguese priests; M. Albert, a French pany's service; Mess. Hunt, Jennings, Dumble. gentlemen. of these Mr Margas, Capt. D. ton (wounded), Porter, Coker, Bendal, Meadows, Graham, Laing, Best, Baldwin, and Nicholson, Reid, Osborne (wounded), Barnet, Frere, Wil are since dead ; and Dr Fullerton, G. Gray, fon, Burton, Leach, Tilley, Cartwright, Lyon, Taylor, and Knox were taken prisoners, but Allop, and Hillier, seafaring men.

made their escape. Drowned in escaping : Capt. Collings, a fea Of the factory at Balsore: Mr Thomas Bod. captain.

dom, chief, Mr English, Capt. Keene, and about Wounded, and died after he was let out of the 25 military. They quitted their factory after Black hole : Lieut. Talbot.

the capture of Calcutta, by order of the governor Escaped the black hole, but ordered to leave Cal- and council. Capt. Keene is since dead. cutta : Pahra John Knox, George Gray jun. of the factory at Jugdea : Mr Peter Amyat, Capt. Mills, Mr Kerwood, and a few feafaring chief; Mes. Playdel, Verellt, Smyth, Hay, and

Ens. Mure, with about 20 military. They also Sent from the black hole 10 Muxadaval : John quitted their factory after the capture of Calcutta, Zephinio Holwell, Esq; Mr Richard Court, sen. by order of the governor and council. merchant, Mr Bourdett, writer; and Enf. Wala Women and children: Lady Russel, Mrs cort. The last is since dead.

Drake and two children ; Cruttenden, three Made prisoners at Coffimbuzar: William Watts, children; Mackett, two; Mapletoft, two; Gray, Efq; chief; Mell. Collet, Batson, and Hastings, one; M'Gwire, three ; Cooke, one; Buchanan, of the council; Mes: Watts jun. Sykes, Mar- one; Dumbleton, two; Coales, one; Rannie, riot, and Chambers, writers; and about 50 mi- two; Wedderburn, one; Tournac, one; Knox, litary. Mell. Watts and Collet were afterwards two; Robertson, four ; Packer, one; Afton, fet at liberty, and Mrs Watts with her three chil- threc : Amyat, Sumner, Riccards, Duncan, dren were permitted to live in the French factory Major Holland's widow; Ross, Jacobs, Griffith, at Cossimbuzar.

Searle, Beard, Margas, Putham, Clayton, ParMade prisoners at Dacco : Richard Becher, ker, Rainbow, Edwards, French, Renbault, Erq; chief ; Mesf. Scrafton, Hyndman, Waller, Chapman, Finley, Gooding, Bellamy, Barclay, and Cartier, of the council; Mr Wilson, sur- Cockylane, Gould, Hunt, Holland, Young, geon; Mr Johnston sen. writer; Mrs Becher and Woolley, Smith, Child, Porter, Lord, Bowers; her child; Mrs Warwick; Miss Harding; Enf. Miss Bellamy, Jobbins, Bagley, Carey, Seale, Cudmore, and about 25 military. All these were and the two Miss Cavalhos. Of these Mrs fet at liberty by the intercesfion of the French, Cruttenden, Gooding, and Bellamy, are since and permitted to live in their factory at Dacco. dead, and Miss Bellamy is since married.

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Advices have been received of an in, and to lay out the monies arising thereby, in the surrection of the negroes at Rio de Ja. purchase of lands contiguous to other lands of the

said Lilias Montgomerie, in the county of Air, GC. neiro, belonging to the Portuguese,

to dissolve the marriage of the Hon. When the letters came away, they had Charles Hope Weir, Esq; with Ann Vape his intrenched themselves, to the number of now wife, and to enable him to marry again, &c. 3000, in a wood about three leagues to dissolve the marriage of Thomas Nutfrom the town; and as the Portuguese hall

, Gent. with Lucy Scott, his now wife, and troops were at Rio de Plata, it was fear. to enable him to marry again, &c. ed the negroes would increase before On the 17th the royal assent was githey could be dispersed.

ven by commission to

An act for the importation of fine organzined ENGLAND.

Italian thrown Gilk. [The postponed affairs are now inserted.] And to ten other bills, all relating to England,

one of them for making the river Ivel navigable. The royal assent was given by commission, April 1. to several bills, viz.

Two messages, signed by the King,

have been presented to the Commons; An act to amend an act 29° Geo. II. intitled, An alt to render more effe&ual an aft 12° Geo. I. one by Mr Vice-Chamberlain, May 16. to prevent unlawful combinations of workmen em- viz. “ George R. His Majesty being ployed in the woollen manufactures, &c. [xvii, 241.] desirous that his faithful subjects in his

Bills for making the river Blyth navigable, re provinces of North and South Carolina, lating to the poor's rates in the parish of St. Luke, and Virginia in America, should receive Middlesex, six road-bills, and eleven private bills, a proper recompense for such services, all relating to England. On the 6th of May the King gave the as, with the approbation of the com

mander in chief of his forces in Ameri. royal assent to the following bills. An act to rectify a mistake in an act passed this ed, or shall perform, either by putting

ca, they respectively shall have perform-
session, &c. the recruiting-aft (61.)-
rection is, instead of forty shillings of every pound, the said provinces in a state of defence,

forty shillings of every three pounds, of bounty gi- or by acting with vigour against the e-
ven to volunteers out of the land-tax, is to be repaid nemy, recommends it to this house to
into the exchequer by the paymasters of the forces: take the same into their consideration,
a palpable mistake.
An act for continuing an act - to prohibit

and to enable his Majesty to give them the making of {pirits from wheat, a proper recompense for such services. &c. [151.] The prohibition is now continued His Majesty also acquaints this house, from the 11th of May till the 11th of December that a battalion of his forces, which has

been employed in the settlements of the An act for continuing an act. to disconti

of merchants of Engthe duties upon corn - imported, GC. [57] — This a&t is continued from the 24th land, trading to the East Indies, is, by of August till the 15th of November next. his order, withdrawn from those settle

An act to extend the liberty granted by an act ments; and therefore recommends it to 23° Geo. II. of importing bar-iron from his Ma- this house, to enable his Majesty to assist jesty's colonies in America, into the port of Lon; the said company in defraying the exdon, to the rest of the ports of G. Britain, and for repealing certain clauses in the said act.

pence of a military force in the East InBills for building bridges over the Ribble and dies, to be maintained by them, in lieu the Lea, for rebuilding Warwick pire-hall, for of the said battalion ; and another improving Southwold haven, and eight road-bills, on the 17th, by Lord Bateman, viz. ali English, except one, for enlarging the term and “ George R. His Majesty, relying on powers granted by afts 200 and 270 Geo. Its for the experienced zeal and affection of repairing several roads leading into the city of

his faithful Commons, and confidering, Glasgow, &c.

Twenty-four private bills; among which are, that in this critical conjuncture emer

An act for regulating and improving certain gencies may arise, which may be of the benefactions vested in the rector and principal utmost importance, and be attended professors and masters of the university and college with the most pernicious consequences, of Glasgow.

to enable Lilias Montgomerie, of Skel- if proper means should not immediately morly, to fell lands in the county of Renfrew, be applied to prevent or defeat them, is

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Compliments to Mel. Pitt and Legge, &c. Vol. xix. defirous that this house will enable him freedom of the city, with the aforemen. to defray any extraordinary expences of tioned resolution inserted in it, be deliche war, incurred or to be incurred for vered by the chamberlain to each of the service of the year 1957, and to those gentlemen in a gold box, value take all such measures as may be neceffa- 100 guineas ; and that the faid refolury to disappoint or defeat any enterpri- tion be fairly transcribed, and signed by ses or designs of his enemies, and as the town-clerk, and by him forthwith the exigency of affairs may require." delivered to them. Accordingly, in

Both were referred to the supply- the afternoon, the town-clerk waited committee; and the Commons have upon Mr Pitt, at his feat at Hays in granted a million on credit to be applied Kent, and on Mr Legge at his house in as the exigencies of state may require, Downing-ftreet, with copies of the re50,000 1. for the Americans, and solution; and on the 24th of May, Sir 20,000l. for the East-India company.

Thomas Harrison, the chamberlain, At a numerous court of common presented the freedom of the city to each council of the city of London, held at of them in a gold box of curious workGuildhall, April 15. Mr Deputy Hod. manship. Several other towns have folges made a motion, " That the freedom lowed this example. of the city be presented to the Rt Hon. The remainder of the Hanoverian William Pite, late one of his Majesty's troops [xviii. 618.] imbarked at Chaprincipal secretaries of state, and to the tham in the end of February, as did the Rt Hon. Henry Bilson Legge, late Hessians at the same place in the end of chancellor and under-treasurer of the April, both on their return to Germany. exchequer, in testimony of the grateful About the middle of April arrived at sense which the citizens of London en. Plymouth, the Chichester, Rear-Adm. tertain of their loyal and disinterested Broderick, with the Eagle, from the conduct, during their truly honourable, bay. though short administration; their be. On the 7th of May failed from Spitginning a scheme of public economy, head, the Prince, Adm. Osborne ; Sc and at the same time lessening the ex. George, Capt. Callis.; Monmouth, tent of ministerial influence, by a re- Capt. Gardiner; Revenge, Capt. Storr; duction of the number of useless place. Monarque, Capt. Montague; and Grey. men; their noble efforts to stem the ge- hound, Capt. Harrison, with the Lifperal torrent of corruption, and to re- bon and Cadiz ships, and the storeships vive, by their example, the almost ex. and other vessels, for the Mediterranean. tinguished love of virtue and our coun. This fleet afterwards put into Plymouth, try; Their zeal to promote a full and and sailed thence on the 17th; as did impartial inquiry into the real causes of the Ludlow and Dealcastle with the our late losses and disgrace in America trade for America. and the Mediterranean; and, lastly, Mr Thornton, treasurer of the marine their vigilant attention to support the society, and Mr Hanway, waited on the glory and independence of G. Britain, King, May 7, and presented him with the honour and true interest of the crown, two little tracts, one intitled, A letter and the just rights and liberties of the from a member of the marine fociety [232.], subject, thereby most effectually securing the other, Motives for the establishment of the affections of a free people to his the marine society; written by Mr HanMajesty and his illustrious family.” way; containing an account of its inWhich motion seemed to have the ap- ftitution, and the progress it has made. probation of the whole couri, and the His Majesty received them very grarecorder was going to make a declara- ciously, and ordered 1000 l. to be paid tion of their unanimous sentiments ; but for the use of the society: A noble in. was stopt by Sir John Barnard, who, ftance of his Majesty's readiness to enalone, held up his hand against it. It courage every scheme of national advan. was then ordered, that a copy of the tage. The Prince of Wales has ordered

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400 1. and the Princess-dowager 200 l. of the adjacent country, barns, houses, to be paid for the same purpose.

and other buildings were stripped, and On the 29th of April was stopped at many levelled with the ground. ConfiDover, by two justices of the peace, derable damage was done at KnowsleyJohn Cameron of Lochiel, who has been hall, the seat of the Earl of Derby. ten years a captain in the French King's Crosbie, Sephton, Woolfall, Spellow, service, though but twenty-three years and several other mills were blown down, of age. He had a discharge dated A- ricks of hay entirely destroyed and carpril 1. 1756, and pretended that he ried away. Happily for the sea-coaft quitted that service in obedience to the the tides were at the lowest, or in all act 29' Geo. II. (xviii. 170.); but for probability there would have been conwant of fureties, as the law directs, he fiderably more damage done ; for though was detained.

it was ebb tide in course, yet the flood There have been disturbances in dif. returned, or rather did not go out of the ferent towns in England on account of river. The gale abated, and backed to the dearth; but the prices have fallen a N. N. W. and N. about one o'clock in little in several places in Britain and Ire, the afternoon.- -Ac Chester above 100 land, owing to importation.

chimneys were blown down, most of the A patent is granted to John Ladd, of houses stripped of their slating ; the chima Trowbridge, Wilts, for a new method, neys at the minster, and all the windows invented by him, of constructing, on

on one side blown to pieces ; and all amechanical principles, wheel-carriages, long the adjacent road the houses and which, without horses or other cattle, barns were stripped, and hundreds of and with a very moderate human force, large trees torn up by the roots. At will move and carry, from place to place, Acton, a little town within a mile of great weights, where there are not steep Nantwich, the top of the church-steeple ascents, with the usual celerity ; and beat in the roof of the church, and da. with the addition of a much less number maged it to the amount of 2000 l. Ac of horses than are now used, will move Nantwich the church was much shatterand carry the like weights in all roads, ed, and the houses mostly stripped. even where there are steep ascents.

At Worcester the wind blew down a On the 15th of March arose the great. Itack of chimneys at the town hall, eft ftorm of wind on the western coaft of which beat through the roof, and thence this kingdom that has been known. through the ceiling over the nisi prius bar; At Liverpool it began about nine, pre. while the court of aslize was sitting. Me ceded by a dreadful roaring of the fea. Justice Wilmot was on that bench; buc At ten it blew a hurricane, and about e his Lordship happily received no hurt : leven veered to the W. N. W. and was and there happened to be only five of the attended with such heavy squalls of wind, counsellors present ; four of whom were that the oldest people do not remember hurt, but not dangerously, viz. Meff. the like. A great many ships overset, Moreton, Afton, Nares, and Ashurst. sunk, and were stranded opposite to the Mr Afton prevented further damage to

The damage in the town was himself, by inftantly flipping under the very considerable. Numbers of chim- council.table ; but Mr Moreton was neys, some houses, and many walls were presently jammed in by the rubbish, and levelled with the ground; roofs unstrip- remained so some time. The fix fol. ped, and lowers of broken slates, bricks, lowing persons lost their lives on this oc&c. rendered the streets impassable. A. casion, viz. Mr Lawes, the crier of the bout forty-two feet of the lofty spire of court; Mr Chambers, an attorney of St Thomas's church (which was esteem. Kidderminster; Mr Freme, an ironed one of the most beautiful in Europe) monger; Mr Hurtle, of Hartlebury; fell upon the body of the church, broke and Mr Shaw,' of Ombersley; all of through the roof, and tore down the whom were taken out from amongst the weft galleries. In the different parts rubbish, and most dismal spectacles they VOL. XIX.

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