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were; as was likewife Mr Wainwright, Lord Barrington, secretary at war, daof Bromsgrove, who did not die till some ted Feb. 22. wrote by order of the time after he was carried out of the hall. Duke of Cumberland, to thank the comDivers others were greatly hurt. It is missioners in Scotland appointed to put not to be conceived what confusion the in execution the recruiting act, for their court was presently in, or what mischief zeal, activity, and diligence, in raising ensued from the people's hurrying out of the new levies. the hall, and in going down the hall Early on Sunday morning, April 3. steps, whereby several were thrown down two constables, with a corporal and and trampled upon a considerable time. eight dragoons, from Haddington, came Mr Baron Adams, who sat at the crown to the house of George Wood in Trabar, at the other end of the hall, had nent, said to be a poacher, with a waradjourned the court, and was gone to rant to impress him. On their demandhis lodgings but a few minutes before ing access, he refused, threatened to disthis melancholy accident-happened. patch some of them, and fired cut ball

Three pots of money, silver and gold, through the door. On this the conftables, of the coin of Q. Elisabeth, were found thinking to intimidate him, ordered two , by the workmen, Feb 22. in pulling dragoons to fire through the door from down the houses on London bridge. the outside; by which Wood was unfor

A letter from Cacgwrley, 'dated tunately killed, and his wife wounded Feb. 24. gives the following account. in the arm. On Monday last, as one John Ma Damage was done in several places, sters was digging, in order to drive a in the evening of March 23. by a storm, large post in, to build a booth for the accompanied with thunder and lightfair, his pick-ax struck against something ning. Kirktonholm-house, about four which founded like iron. Having miles west from Hamilton, was damà. cleared away the dirt, he found a trap. ged; and a boy in it was ftruck dead, door. He immediately called two men by the lightning, but others in the same who were at work near him; and having room received no hurt.

At Airdry, lifted up the door, two of them went nine miles from Glasgow, a house was down by a ladder, and took a lantern almost entirely destroyed; and a woman, with them. When they came up, their with a child in her arms, was killed by account of it was, that there was a room the lightning, but the child preserved. near fixty feet in length, and about Strong trees were pulled up by the roots twenty in breadth ; that they found no- in many places. At Greenock several thing but a cheft, which was so heavy, vessels were drove from their anchors, that they could not bring it up.

Upon and stranded. At Irvine, out of nine this several people went down, and vessels, eight were drove ashore, and breaking open the chest, it proved to two wherries were staved. At Fairly, be full of old gold and filver coins. the Clyde, Kniblo, for the West Indies, They found a door too, which they 0

was drove afhore. pened, and in a closet found a few According to a letter from Ceres, books, printed in Saxon characters, near Cupar, in Fife, they had there and some manuscripts in the same. two violent claps of thunder a litile after Some men are employed by the lord of mid-day, May 16. by the last of which the manor to search this place narrowly, a shepherd was ftruck dead in the fields. and it is expected we shall foon have The ground was torn up in three diffesome more discoveries made in it." rent places, and the shepherd's cloaths

were rent in pieces; but there appeared SCOT LA N D.

no wound or bruise in any part of his [The postponed articles are now inserted.] body, except a small hole in the role of

In the end of February, Lord George one of his feet. Beauclerk, commander in chief of the A fire broke out, on the 23d of A., forces in Scotland, received a letter from pril, in Kilbirny house, the seat of the

Earl

Earl of Crawfurd, by which it was en- commodity were foon expected. Before tirely consumed; but the family-papers, the end of the month they had plenty of and most of the furniture, were preser- good meal of Indian corn in Glasgow ved.

market, at a shilling the peck. By an advertisement in the Edinburgh In the beginning of May, herrings papers of March

3 notice was given, were catched on the Fife coaft in such that the subscription for supplying the plenty as to be sold at or below two induftrious poor with meal below the pence the hundred, occafioned by the market price [108.], produced much want of casks and salt, such plenty beless than might have been expected; ing unexpected. that this measure had hitherto kept the According to letters from Aberdeen, markec-price within bounds; but that if a turbot-fish was caught on a fisherman's more liberal contributions should not be line at Wardhill of Cruden, May 4. made, the measure behoved to be dropt, reckoned the largest ever feen on our which would be attended with very dif. coaft. It measured fix feet in length mal consequences : and that therefore the and four in breadth, was thick in proftentmatters were to go through their fe- portion, and its tail was fixteen inches veral bounds, beginning on Monday the broad. 7th, to receive what the housekeepers Our whale-fishing ships from the Forth, would give to this charity. This has Dundee, &c. failed from Leith road, been done, and meal continues to be gi- April 15. under convoy of the Solebay ven to the poor below market-price. man of war.

The justices of peace of the county The trade on this coast having sufferof Aberdeen, at a quarter-sessions in ed much by French privateers, more of the beginning of May, discharged the our ships having been taken in fix months buying or felling of grain for exporta. than during the last four-years French tion or transportation, till the 20th of war, a representation of it was sent to the June ; and ordained heritors and tenants admiralty by the magiftrates of Edin. to sell, for the use of the inhabitants of burgh towards the end of April ; in con. the town and county, what meal they sequence of which their Lordships orhad on hand, at the current price, not dered fome ships for the protection of exceeding gl. Scots the boll, of oat. our trade. meal, under a penalty; ordering the On the 23d of May, the prisoners ta. fifcal forthwith to profecute any person ken on board fome French privateers, who should keep up or hoard meal. And were sent from Edinburgh castle to St on the 31st of May the justices of La. Ford in Fife. narkshire ordered all persons refiding Cole Montgomery and Fraser's two within the upper ward of that shire, who new-raised highland battalions were are possessed of grain or meal more than muftered at Glasgow April 26. & 29. is necessary for supporting their own fa- by the Hon. Charles Hope-Weir. Both milies, immediately to bring it to mar- were complete, and they had discharged ket, to be sold at the current prices, on several supernumerary men. They pain of being reputed ingroffers and re. soon after went to Ireland. grators, and prosecuted as such; and At a numerous meeting of the guildry that all stacks of corn found in yards af- of Stirling, May 17. it was resolved, ter the 15th of July, be forfeited, and that the Rt Hon. William Pitt and Hengiven to the poor. An order of thé ry Bilson Legge, Efqs, should have the like import was made at Stonehaven, thanks of that corporation for their lauMay 17. by the justices of peace and dable behaviour when in the adminiftra. commissioners of supply for the fire of tion [256.]. This is the only compli. Kincardine.

ment made those gentlemen from ScotA large ship arrived at Port-Glasgow land that we have heard of. In 1740 the from Virginia, May 15. with indian late Duke of Argyle was addressed by corn, and several other ships with that the guildry and other incorporations of

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Edinburgh, though no such compliment burgh news-papers, that none may prewas paid his Grace by the magiftrates tend ignorance." and town-council. (ii. 338,85.]

Mr George Whitefield arrived from Two questions were proposed to be London at Edinburgh, May 11. . and confidered at a meeting of the Edin- preached every day during his ftay, burgh Society, May 20. viz. 1. What morning and evening, in the orphanis the best method of getting highways hofpital park, to very numerous audienmade and repaired : whether by a turn. ces, beginning on the evening of the i 2th. pike law; by county work, or parish P.S. His last sermon was on the mornwork ; by a tax; or by what other me. ing of June 6. and he set out the same thod ? and whether the statute work is day for Glasgow. He attended the not fufficient for the above purpose with. general affembly every day while it fat, out the aid of turnpikes?' 2. What is and dined by invitation with the Comthe best method of converting moormitioner on the 28th, and said grace ground into arable or good pasture after dinner. It was not the table at ground; and whether this may not be which his Grace sat. done by properly fallowing the ground, On the 30th of March, the presbyteand sowing it with grass feeds, without ry of Edinburgh agreed not to proceed either lime or manure? (164.] towards a fupply of the present vacan

At the circuit-court at Perth, Hector cies in town, till Whitsunday !758, in Maclean was sentenced to be hanged on regard it was necessary to repair feveral the 15th of July, and his body to be of the churches, and particularly to hung in chains, for the murder of Isabel take off the roofs of the Old and New Maceuen, his fellow servant, who was Grayfriars churches, which would not with child by him [xviii. 568.). This only occasion an expence that the townis the only criminal that was capitally revenue could not bear, but superseded convicted at the spring circuit-courts. the necessity of bringing in any new mi

Removals, &c. have taken place this nifters, as the ministers, whose churches Whitlunday in Edinburgh according to were from time to time repairing, would, the new style, pursuant to an order of with very small assistance from the prefthe magiftrates, of date Jone 2. 1756, bytery, be sufficient for supplying the inserted in the Edinburgh news.papers vacancies. A motion was made in the in the beginning of June last year, viz. fynod to take this deed of the presbyteWhereas, fince the alteration of the ry into confideration; but the four genstyle, a number of inconveniencies have tlemen chosen to supply the vacancies happened within this city at every term [xviii. 419.), declaring, personally, or of Whitfunday, by tenants refusing to re- by their friends, their acquiescence in move from their houses, and servants to what the presbytery had done, the moenter to their services, till the usual times tion was dropt. of fitting and entry by the old style: To make the improvement of churchto prevent these inconveniencies for the music general in Edinburgh (xviii. 623.), future, the magiftrates do declare, that Mr Gilson, by direction of the commitall such removals of tenants from one tee, teaches publicly, in the New church house to another, and the entry of fer- ille, every Tuesday, Thursday, and vants, are to be regulated by the new Saturday, at fix in the evening, where style allenarly, with the usual indulgence all persons desirous to learn are taught after each term; and that they will ac- gratis. This was begon on Tuesday cordingly give out warrants of ejection May 17. Mr Gilson officiates now as upon decreets of removing by the 26th precentor in the New church. Some of of May, and compel servants to enter our precentors wear black gowns when to their services by the 23d of that they officiate, as do several of our minimonth. And ordain thir presents to sters. be recorded in the diet-book of the bai Tlie general assembly of the church lie-court, and published in the Edin- of Scotland met at Edinburgh on Thurs.

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day May 19. Charles Lord Cathcart dissented, and an eighth, Mr. Archio was bis Majesty's Commissioner; and bald Walker, adhered on the 25th. The Mr William Leechman professor of direasons were given in by Mr Wither. vinity in the university of Glasgow, was spoon on the 28th, and were read, and chosen moderator.

ordered to lie in retentis. [234.] On the 21st, a report by the commit Another report of the committee for tee for revising commissions to members revising commissions was transmitted on of assembly, was transmitted by the the 26th, bearing, That the commiflion committee for overtures, bearing, 1. from the presbytery of Langholm was That the commission from the city of dated the Toth of May, and so was thirGlasgow was dated the 12th of April, ty-two days within the time limited and lo three days within the time limited that the commission from the borough of by act of assembly. 2. That the com. Dunbar was dated the 29th of April, millions from the presbyteries of Earl. and so was twenty days within the time fton, Linlithgow, and Dunbar, wanted limited ; and that the commission from the clause, bearing that the elders were the borough of Stirling was dated the qualified according to the act 1722*. 35th of March, and so was three days That the commissions from the presby, without the time limited. The comteries of Stranrawer, Mull, and Dun- mittee for overtures gave their opinion, keld, bore in general, that the commis. that these commissions should be receifioners were every other way qualified ved, notwithfianding the informalities; according to the acts of assembly, but and they were received accordingly. did not bear that the elders were quali, The assembly, on the 26th, nominafied according to the act 1722*. And the ted Dr Cuming, Prof. Hamilton, Meff. committee of overtures reported their o Glen, Mackie, Watson, Nasmith, Plenpinion, that the objection to the commif- derleith, Hyndman, Wishart, Webster, fion from Glasgow should be passed from, Dick, and William Robertson, miniin regard its being within the forty days fters, and the Lords Bankton, Shewal. was owing to a mistake, as if the affem. ton, Coalfton, Juftice-Clerk, Edgefield, bly had been to meet on the 26th instead Advocate, and Prestongrange, Mr Soli. of the 19th'; and the second and third citor, and Meír. William Law and John remarks, relating to the commissions Swinton, ruling elders, a committee to from the six presbyteries, they transmite consider the laws relating to the election ted pimpliciter. After long reasoning and qualifications of members of affemin the assembly, fome moved to receive bly, and from those laws to frame one the commiflions, notwithstanding the in- act, by which the form of commilions formalities. Others opposed this. At to members of assembly, and of atielast two questions were put, viz. 1. Re- ftations of commissions, ihall be fixed ceive the first of these commissions, (that with such preciseness, and such penal. from Glasgow], or Not? and, 2. Re- ties annexed to every departure from ceive the other commissions, or Not? those forms, as may remove ambiguity, Both carried in the affirmative ; the first, and prevent as much as possible, for the Receive 88, Not 41; and the second, future, disputes upon such commissions Receive 70, Not 55. Seven ministers and attestations; and to report their

draught of the act to the commission in * By act afl. " the assembly earnestly November, that they may further pres beseech, exhort, and require elders and deacons to be faithful in the discharge of their respective

pare it for the next assembly, offices, tender and circumspect in their walk, and

A petition of the elders, and several puncłual in their attending upon ordinances, and heads of families, communicants, of the ftrict in their observation of the Lord's day, and lowland congregation of Campbelton, in regularly keeping up the wohip of God in and of the parish of Southend, complaintheir families : and appoint the judicatures of the ing of two acts of the synod of Argyle, church to take good heed, that none be admitted in August 1754 and August 1755, was to or continued in these offices, but such as are found qualified, and do behave themselves as ao taken under confideration on the 23d. bove required."

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By the first of these acts the synod or- by rough and high moors, cut every dain, That the use of sermons on the here and there with rapid waters, or by Saturday before and Monday after dif. arms of the fea, that run up far into our penfing the facrament of the Lord's lup- wafte, and in many places impaffable per, be discontinued in all time coming; mountains. To secure the best we could and that there be no sermons preached against the disappointments that attend on those occafions, but on the Sabbath. these inconveniencies of our fituacions, day, and on the Thursday immediately we were obliged to croud our compreceding, which is to be observed as a munion - work into the summer-season. day of fafting and preparation : And by Though we were sensible this greatly the second the synod recommend to pres- increased the hurry of it, and straitened byteries, to be at due pains to have the the brethren employed in it, by calling facrament of the Lord's fupper celebra. them often from home, and to places at ted once a year in their bounds, accor a great distance, and that within the ding to the method prescribed in the compass of two or chree months; yet, former act; and that they proceed a- with all this precaution, instances can gainst those who, after admonition, con- be given, of ministers brought to an untinue refractory, or follow divisive cour timely death, or greatly broken in their fes, according to the rules of the church. health, by their private labour in preach. The petitioners represented, That these ing, or in visiting and catechizing their acts gave great offence to many serious wide charges, previously to the comand well-disposed Christians, and ap. munion-days, and by being disappointpeared to chem to give a deep wound to ed then of the affiftance they expected. the interest of religion in those parts.

“ The number of fermons with us on The synod, on the other hand, repre. fuch occasions is greatly increased, from sented, That the Lord's fupper was treat. reasons peculiar to the highlands. In ed in many of their parishes with a neg: many parishes there are some who do lect, hurtful in itself, and that could not understand the common language of hardly miss to tempt the less discerning the country. For the sake of such, and people to think, that the obligation of to give the English language the quickit did not reach all the professors of our er progress over all our bounds, we think holy religion ; and that the fynod had it our duty to carry on this service in it greatly at heart to have that facrament both these languages. And then, as more frequently administered; but two most of our pastoral charges have two great difficulties stood in the way, the or three stated places of worship, our extent and discontiguity of their parishes, principal churches are every where too and the number of fermons usual on small, even for the congregations that communion occasions, of which they belong to them when gathered together, gave the following account.

and much more so for the crouds chat • The bounds of our fynod take in come from neighbouring parishes on the fhires of Argyle and Bute. In this those occasions : and thus, as the ser. district there are above twenty inhabited vice within the church, though begun islands; of which eleven are large and on the fabbath-mornings at nine, conpopulous, and most of them divided, tinues often without any recess till eight not only from the continent, but like- or nine in the evening ; so all this time, wise from one another, by broad and after an action-sermon at the tent withdangerous ferries ; so that the afiftance out, the brethren fucceed one another, required, when the facrament is given to prevent as much as they can the peoin any of them, is always,ill to be got, ple from wearying, or running into idle and often very uncertain. And even amusements. And here it may

be proon the continent, it is no easy matter to per to observe a circumstance that ftraitbring a sufficient number of affiftants to. ened us ftill more. The district in which gether; as most of our parishes are se. we labour, though very extensive and parated from those next them, either discontiguous, is divided only into two

and

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