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and forty pastoral charges; and they was imagined might be better employed. never are at any one time all planted ; The people of Dornoch petitioned to fo, what by vacancies, and what by be restored to the privilege of meeting the infirmities of elder brethren, and with their minister as usual on those Frithe occasional sickness of others, the days, or at least that the synod would work to which we are called, lies on permit such ministers as pleated, to meet the hands of thirty minifters one year with their people on those occasions. with another."

But their petition was rejected. Of this It was added, that the method pre. they loudly complain. " It is not past scribed by the acts complained of, is a- memory of man,” say they, “ since greeable to the ancient practice and the Presbyterians looked upon it as an instanding laws of the church.

tolerable grievance, to be hindered from Two lawyers were heard for the pe- meeting together for religious worship, titioners, and several ministers for the or devout exercises, by such as were ad. fynod; and after long reasoning, the versaries to our ecclesiastical constitution : assembly unanimously approved of dif- but what would our fathers have thought, continuing the sermons;

but a question had it then been faid, that in less than was put, Whether to affirm the clause a century some judicatures of our own which enforces the act by a fanction ? church would pass acts, prohibiting their and carried, by a majority, Not: “ And members to meet, at the earnest desire therefore the assembly, considering the of the best-disposed of their people, to particular circumstances of that country, join with them in mutual and Christian do unanimously approve of the conduct conferences, or to affist at their devoof the synod of Argyle, so far as they tion?”. It was alledged, on the other discontinue the fermons on Saturday and hand, that an humour of difputing was Monday, in order to have the Lord's too much encouraged in those meetings ; supper more frequently and decently ad. and we hear a Rev. member told the af ministered within their bounds ; but do fembly, that in some of them (peeches not affirm that part of their act, infor- were made as long as any of those made cing the same by a sanction : and the in that house, and questions put which affembly recommends to all concerned all that house could not answer. The to study peace and harmony, and to the assembly found, that the affair was not people in the bounds of the said fynod fully laid before them, and therefore to give regular attendance on ordinances fifted further procedure in it at this time; dispensed by their minifters."

and appointed the fynod of Sutherland A case somewhat similar came before and Caithness to lay an account of the the assembly on the 28th, by an appeal whole matter before the next assembly. taken by the elders and communicants Mr Carlyle's affair (218.] was gone in the bounds of the presbytery of Dor- upon on the 24th. Several ministers of noch, from a sentence of the synod of the presbytery of Dalkeith appeared in Sutherland and Caithness, pronounced support of the appeal ; and several miAug. 19. 1756, by which they dis- nifters, and Mr Joseph Williamson adcharge fellowship.meetings to be held vocate, members of the fynod, appear. upon the Fridays immediately before ed in support of the synod's sentence. the celebration of the Lord's fupper. Mr John Dalrymple advocate, appear. With a view to put a stop to those Fri. ed in support of the synod's fentence, and day meetings, an attempt was made in likewise as counsel for Mr Carlyle. A 17;0, to make Friday, in place of Thurs. member of the fynod who had dissented day, the fast day before the facrament; from the sentence, asked leave to speak; but the assembly disapproved of this al. but the assembly found, that the diffentteration [xiii. 259.]. The synod have ers had no title to be heard in support now absolutely discharged those Friday of their dissent. After reading the petimeetings, because it was usual for the tion of appeal, and the synod's sentence, minister to attend them, whose time it and hearing parties at great length, it

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was proposed that the question should be clause; it is therefore hereby enacted; put, Affirm the sentence of the synod, or That if any such fimoniacal practices Not? But others insisting that the que as are mentioned and described in the stion should be, Whether the presbytery faid act, shall be carried on by any per. of Dalkeith did right in proceeding in fon or persons whatsoever, in order to the way of a libel, or Not? the pre- the promoting or procuring any bene. vious question was put, Whether the first fice or office in this church to any minior second should be the state of the vote? iter or probationer, though without his and carried for the first, 114 against 45. consent or approbation; and if such mi

Then the first state of the question, Af. nister or probationer shall at any time firm the sentence of the synod, or Not? be told or informed that fuch practices being put, it carried affirm, 117 a- have been or are carried on, or propogainst 39.

fed to be carried on, for the purpose aAn overture relating to the fage was foresaid, and shall not make discovery taken under consideration on the 27th. or intimation thereof to the presbytery After reasoning on it, another overture of the bounds, at their first meeting afwas proposed in its place, and the first ter he shall receive such information, was dropt: and after reasoning on the then and in that cafe he shall, if a minisecond, some arguing against any over- fter, be deposed, and if a probationer, ture on the subject, and others arguing be deprived of his licence.' for one, the question was put, Over The annual report of the trustees for ture, or Not? and carried Overture, managing the fund for a provision to the 1 20 against 54. Then the second over- widows and children of minifters, &c. cure was approved of without a vote, was given in on the 25th.--To this viz. “ The general assembly consider. report is fubjoined the following com. ing how much the success of the gospel parison between the calculations on depends on the regular and inoffensive which the scheme proceeded, and the behaviour of the ministers of this church, facts as they have come out during the do earnestly recommend to the several first thirteen years of the scheme, viz. presbyteries, to take such wise and ef. from March 25. 1744, 0. S. to April 5. fectual measures as may promote the spi- 1757, N. S. sit of our holy religion, and preserve the « In the calculation it was fupposed, purity and decorum of the ministerial that 30 ministers and professors would character; and that they take care that die per annum ; fo that, in the above 13 none of the ministers of this church do years, 390 ministers and professors might upon any occasion attend the theatre.

" be supposed to die : and in fact, during By the first overture the injunction not faid 13 years, there have died 383. to attend the theatre, was not confined Difference 7. to minifters, but extended to all the mem “ It was also supposed, that the mi. bers of the church.

nisters and professors dying would leave · On the 28th the following overture 20 widows, and 6 families of children was ordered to be transmitted to the se. without widows, per annum; inde, for veral presbyteries, that they may fend faid 13 years, 260 widows, and 78 fatheir opinions upon it to the next assem. milies of children without widows; in all by, the overture in the mean time to 338: and in fact they have left 262 wi. have the force of an act, viz. Where dows, and 73 families of children withas in the act of afsembly of the ift June out widows, in all 335. Difference z. 1753, against fimoniacal practices, there « In the calculation it was further is the following branch or clause, “ and supposed, that, at Whitsunday 1757, do not, immediately when they come the number of widows on the fund, 10 the knowledge of it, intimate the drawing full and half annuities, would fame to the presbytery of the bounds," be 177: and in fact their number is 171. [xv. 2;6.); and whereas it is found ne. Difference 6. ceffary to explain and amend the said " In the calculation it was likewise


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fupposed, that the stock, at clearing the kirk; that the crown has right to pre-
collector's accounts for the 12th year sent to the said united parishes for two
of the fund, anno 1756, would amount vices, and Mr Macdouall for one vice;
to 43,3331. 35. 38 d.; and in fact it a. and as it was admitted that Mr Mac-
mounted to 42,888 1. 175. 21 d.; so that douall presented last, preferring the
the real ftock was only 4441. 65.0, d. crown's presentation. The assembly,
less than the calculations which, in a May 21. unanimously appointed the
fund so great, is of no consequence; as presbytery of Stranrawer to proceed to
a difference of that, or greater extent, the moderation of a call to the King's
to the advantage or disadvantage of the presentee alone.
fund, will happen, from the accidental Upon a competition between Doro.
circumstance of a greater or leffer num- thea Lady-dowager Forbes, and James
ber of children falling upon it in the Lord Forbes, both having presented to
preceding year.”

the parishes of Forbes and Kearn, the
N. B. From the above comparison ic affembly, on the 25th, appointed Mr
appears, that the finall differences be- James Macwilliam probationer, my
tween the calculation and the fact, are Lord's presentee, to be settled ; and set
to the advantage of the scheme, except aside my Lady's presentation in favour
ing as to the amount of the capital; with of Mr. William Coupland minister.
respect to which it is proper to observe, Some members moved to refer the af.
that the calculation brings up the intere fair to the commission, in regard my La.
est to Whitsunday 1756, whereas the dy had raised a declarator of her right
interest of the real stock is brought up of patronage before the court of session;
only to Martinmas 1755 : so that if this but upon the question put, Proceed, or
half-year's interest of the capital at Delay? it carried Proceed by a great
4 per cent. be added to the real itock, it majority.
will exceed the calculation some hundred On the 26th the assembly took into
pounds. [x. 204. & iv. v. vi. Indexes.) confideration a complaint of the King's

Most of the other business related to Advocate, and the concurrers with a settlements.

royal presentation in favour of Mr John Double presentations had been given Douglas minister of Kenmure, to be to the united parishes of Stonykirk, miniiter of Jedburgh, against the presbyClashant, and Toscarton; one by the tery of Jedburgh, for not obeying the King, in favour of Mr John Hunter sentence of the commission, appointing probationer; and another by Mr Mac. Mr Douglas's transportation and settledouall of Castlesempil , in favour of Mr ment [xviii

. 567.] ; and a petition of oJames Macferrand minister at Kirkmai- thers of the aforesaid parish, opposers of den. In last November, the commis- the presentee, complaining of the comfion, to whom this affair had been refer- mislion's sentence, and craving it might red by the preceding assembly, delayed be reversed. After reading the papers, it till their meeting in March, on ac- and hearing parties, and reasoning, the count of a process then commenced be. question was put, Dismiss the complaint fore the court of seffion for ascertaining againit the commission, or Not? and it the right of patronage; and there was carried Dismiss by a great majority. The no meeting of the commission in March. assembly therefore appointed the presNo compearance was made for Mr Mac. bytery of Jedburgh to proceed in a prodouall in the assembly. The papers cess towards Mr Douglas's transportation were read, particularly the sentence of from Kenmure, and his admission at the Lords of Seffion of Feb. 9. 1757, Jedburgh, with all convenient speed; finding, That the crown has right to and no body in lifting in the complaint the patronages of Clashant and Tofcar. against the presbytery, it was dismissed ton, united with the parish of Stonykirk, likewise: and the assembly impowered and that Mr Macdouall has right to the the commission, to determine finally in patronage of the old parish of Stony: any complaint, reference, or appeal, VOL. XIX.



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that shall be regularly brought before charged him with being its father, with them, concerning the settlement of Jed. a copy of which, and a long lift of witburgh.

nesses, a committee of presbytery served Next day, in the case of the settle. him, in presence of a notary.public, in ment of Abbotthall, the counsel for the the house to which he had retired to take patron and presentee, with consent of a refreshment; that at the nexé meeting the affembly, withdrew the presentation, of prefbytery, upon the 29th of Septemwithout prejudice to the patron's right of ber, hoping to remove every scruple, he presenting, within six months from that commissioned his pr

rator to lay be date, another qualified person. A com- fore the presbytery a number of ample promise of this kind was made last year certificates in his favour, and authorised with regard to Jedburgh. [xviii. 248 ] him, in case of their proceeding, to en.

The affair of Mr William Brown, late ter a declinature of their jurisdiction, minister of the English church at U. being at that time in no sense of the trecht, came likewise on upon the 27th, word a member of their presbytery; but by an appeal on the part of Mr Brown, they over-ruled his declinature; upon and by a reference of the whole cause which his procurator appealed to the on the part of the prefbytery of St An- fynod of Fife, and inftantly gave in his drew's. This affair is related as follows, reasons; that on the 6th of October in the papers in court for the opposite 1756, the affair coming before the fysides.

nod, and the question being put, Refer A petition for Mr Brown sets forth, to the general assembly, or Determine ? That the petitioner was, in the year it carried Determine ; and then a second 1746, fettled minister of Cortachy; that question being put, Dismiss the appeal, the appearance he made for the govern- or Not? it carried Dismiss; whereupon ment during the late rebellion, had gi. his procurator appealed to this assembly ven such offence to those who are not for redress, the grounds of the libel befriends to the present happy conftitu. ing not only long ago prescribed, but tion, that no means were left unattempt. the mean of proof aimed at incompetent ed to disturb his ministry ; rumours were and illegal; and therefore prayed that the spread to his disadvantage, and even assembly would take in and judge of his attempts made upon his life; that this said appeal, and reasons thereof, reverse gave rise to a demission, which was ac. the sentences complained of, find the cepted of by the presbytery of Forfar in procedure had thereon void and null, June 1748; that some time thereafter and dismiss the libel. he was settled minister of the English A representation for the prefbytery of congregation in Utrecht, and on the late St Andrew's sets forth, That Mr Brown vacancy of the professorship of ecclesia- was settled at Cortachy in July 1746, stical history in the new college of St and demitted his office in 1748. That Andrew's, was presented to that office in his letter of demiffion, which was daby his Majesty; that on the 18th of Au- ted at Edinburgh on the 14th of March, gust last he laid before the presbytery of and delivered to the presbytéry of ForSt Andrew's his Majesty's patent, and far on the ift of June 1748, he founds craved liberty to sign the confession of his demillion on the odium of the disaf. faith and formula, as law directs; that fected, the prejudices of his people, and the presbytery declining to allow him his life being attacked by a ruffian; that that privilege, he took a proteft of his on the 29th of June the prefbytery awillingness to comply with the law, and greed, nem. con. to accept of his demifretired, in perfuafion that he had done fion, because, they say, most of the all that was requifite on his part; that facts narrated in his foresaid letter are during his absence the presbytery fra. publicly known to be founded on truth, med a libel, on an ancient rumour, that and that in his present situation his mione Margaret Alexander had in the niftry was rendered almost entirely useyear 1748 brought forth a child, and less in that congregation. That at that

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time it was publicly reported, and gene- even the reasons of diffent offered by perally believed, that the aforemention. their three brethren, yet the whole ed were not the chief reasons which in- transaction would appear in a just light duced Mr Brown to demit his office, from the declarations of the members of but that he had involved himself in the presbytery of Forfar adduced as witguilt with one Margaret Alexander, his nesses for proving the libel given by the maid-fervant; and though he had used presbytery of St Andrew's to Mr Brown. the most unjustifiable means to extricate - That it appeared, from the time of himself, and suppress the then flagrant Margaret Alexander's delivery, that Mr scandal, yet finding all his art and ad. Brown had been guilty with her not dress ineffectual, he was obliged, either many days before his marriage.--That to demit his office, or subject himself to Mr Brown being thus rendered deftitute, the deserved cenfure of deposition. That and finding it impossible to get bread in though the presbytery accepted his de- this country, resolved to go abroad; mission, and assigned the above-men. and that having been instrumental in reţioned reasons of their conduct, yet it lieving some officers who were prisoners is impoflible that any member of that at Glamis in 1746 (viii. 43.), he had presbytery could be ignorant of Mr by that means got acquainted with some Brown's real situation and circumstances; officers of rank in the army, and was for that not only was the mala fama a. by them recommended to the Duke of gainft him exceeding!y flagrant, but a Cumberland; who procured for him a petition, subscribed by some of the el. place at Utrecht worth upwards of 100l. ders of Cortachy, and several heads of fa- Sterling a-year.--That though compasmilies, was given in to the presbytery, fion moved several to whom Mr Brown parrating, That Margaret Alexander and his friends applied, to recommend was with child, and made no secret who him to such as might be useful to him ; was the father ; and intreating the pres- yet none of those, so far as is known to bytery, either to inquire into the ican- the presbytery of St Andrew's, advendal themselves, or appoint one of their tured to attest his moral character; and pumber to meet with the elders for that the recommendation he then obthat effect, as their minister had left tained from some members of that prelthem. That the presbytery delayed the bytery, on account of his loyalty, was, consideration of the petition for a month on assurances given by his friends, that or two, and in the interim two of the he was to go into the army, and appear petitioners were, by the solicitations of no more as a clergyman..That it is reMr Brown's friends, without commu. posted, and generally believed, that Mr nicating their design to the others con- Brown and his friends used several unjucerned, engaged to apply to have fifiable means to conceal his guilt, and their petition withdrawn ; which was obtain certificates and recommendaȚeadily agreed to: and the presbytery, tions; and that when he left this counconscious that their procedure could not try in 1748, his character was tainted, bear the light, ordered the whole to be not only with the aforementioned crime, erased out of their minutes. That in- but with a train of other conduct, quite deed they did not all concur in these inconsistent, not only with the character measures ; for that when the petition of a minitter of the gospel, but with desiring an immediate inquiry was lod- that of a professor of our holy religion: ged, there were eight members present, yet chat no fear of deserved reproach, of whom three were for granting the or of rendering himself useless, could desire of the petition, and the modera. deter him from pursuing his felfish views, tor was thought to be of the same opi. and returning to a place of the country nion, but the question was carried in the where his former vitious conduct was no negative by the vote of Mr Ogilvie, tour; for on the death of Dr Archibald who is father-in-law to Mr Brown: and Campbell, profesor of divinity and eco that though the four ordered the erafing clefiaftical hisory in the new college of

Q. 92


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