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St Andrew's, he obtained a patent for lay, of the opportunity of inquiring into fucceeding him.--That so foon as this his conduct; and that he used several inwas known, the aforementioned scandal direct means to conceal his bad characbecame very flagrant, and all who had ter, and impose on mankind, by which a sincere regard for religion, or the pu- he had obtained the patent. -That, blic good, were deeply affected with the on the 29th of September, Mr Brown, obvious bad consequences of Mr Brown's by his procurator, declined the jurisdicobtaining lo important an office, by tion of the presbytery; and the prefbywhich the education of youth designed tery refusing to sustain his declinature, for the church behoved to be intrusted to he appealed to the fynod : That the fyhim. That as the presbytery could not nod dismissed his appeal, and he appeal. tamely connive at the initalment of one ed to the assembly.-- That from the of so bad a character, they had applied whole of Mr Brown's conduct in this to one of the principal secretaries of matter, it clearly appears, that, far from ftare, representing Mr Brown's situation acting like a man conscious of innoand circumstances, that if possible they cence, and not afraid of bringing his might be freed from the disagreeable character to trial, he has steadily porsued task of commencing a process against a fixed design of preventing, if possible, him ; but without effect. --That on the an impartial inquiry, and, by a train of 18th of August 1756 Mr Brown gave in gross falsehoods, endeavoured to make his patent to the presbytery, and asked mankind believe he met with hard u. leave to sign the confession of faith and fage, and that those who, from a conformula: That the presbytery retired to vičtion of the obligation they were unconsider of Mr Brown's demand; and der, pushed an inquiry previous to his every member present, about seventeen admillion, have been influenced by finiministers and ten or twelve elders, de- strous views, and combined with his eclared, they had often heard of Mr nemies. That though it is generally Brown's fcandalous conduct; that the believed he had privately acknowledged, mala fama was, fince his return, be- to several members of the presbytery of come more flagrant than formerly; and Forfar, his guilt with Margaret Alexthat it was the duty of the presbytery to ander, and that they were conscious this inquire into the public scandal before was the chief reason of his resigning his they should allow him the privilege de charge ; yet those very men did, at a res manded, and for that end to give him a nata meeting called the gth of June lait, Jibel founded on the mala fama: That grant Mr Brown a certificate, bearing, a committee appointed for that porpose, « That during the time of his residence drew a libel, which was unanimously among them, he never was accused of aapproved of; that Mr Brown being call- ny crime, but, as far as they know, be. ed, and not appearing, a committee of haved himself soberly, regularly, and presbytery delivered to him, in a house piously, and every way as became his to which he had retired, the libel, with station and character as a clergyman; a list of witnesses, to be answered next and therefore deserves to be received presbytery day; and that the prefbytery and ufed as a clergyman where-ever fent notice of this to the university, and Providence shall order his lot.” That desired chem noc to admit Mr Brown till five members granted this certificate ; his character pould be inquired into. and as it is believed they are best ac

- That the libel charges Mr Brown, quainted with the whole of Mr Brown's not only of fornication with Marga- misbehaviour' ; when they say he was neret Alexander, but that, conscious of his ver accused of any crime ; and that, so guilt, he remained under the scandal, far as they know, he behaved himself as without taking the appointed course to became his station and character ; their vindicate his character, and by demit- meaning must be, that he never was acting his office, and leaving the country, cuted judicially, and so far as they know deprived the prefbytery, so far as in him as a presbytery; which the presbytery

of St Andrew's look on as a subterfuge ed the members of the university, or any unworthy of any man, especially mini- one of them, to admit him on or before sters of the gospel. That several mem- the ift of March. That seeing the laws, bers of the presbytery of Forfar difsented particularly the acts 1662 and 1690, refrom their brethren in granting this cer• quire, that no profeffor be admitted to tificate ; and intimate, in their reasons any office in any college or university, of dissent, That the meeting was not du- but such as are of a pious, loyal, and ly called and constitute ; that the design peaceable conversation; and that the uof that certificate behoved to be, to pre- niverfity offered to make good the charge vent an inquiry into Mr Brown's cha. against Mr Brown, in such form as the racter by® the presbytery of St Andrew's; Lords Mould prescribe; the presbytery that though no process was intented in would have been much more surprised which Mr Brown was particularly men. at the above sentence, had not their tioned, yet a process was intented in Lordships had laid before them an in. which the brethren had good reason to formation for Mr Brown, in which he believe Mr Brown was particularly con. not only attacks the characters of parti. cerned, and they had not forgot the way cular members, but charges both the and manner in which the prosecution presbytery and university with grofs cawas discouraged and dropt; and that lumnies, asserting, that the fana clamothough he was not accused formally, he sa was of their own raising, that they was accused by the voice of common used the most malicious methods to defame : that to concur therefore in the feat the effects of his Majesty's prefenfaid testimonial, would not only, as to tation, and that their conduct can bear them, be an asserting a very doubtful no other construction but that of an un. fact, but greatly disingenuous, and no- justifiable combination to disappoint him; thing less than a conscious falsehood : for that these calumnious affertions, and all which appears from the reasons of what Mr Solicitor seems to fix as certain dissent offered by Meff. Young, Weath, maxims, behoved to give the judges a * and Raker.-That the presbytery of bad impresion of the presbytery: That

St Andrew's having unanimously found that learned gentleman asserted, that the the libel relevant to infer censure if con. presbytery have no power to deliberate, fessed or proved, appointed their mode whether they will allow any person prerator to write to the presbyteries of Mei- fented by his Majesty to subscribe the gle, Forfar, and Brechin, in whose confession of faith and formula or not, bounds the witnesses lived, defiring they that they are not to refuse this on any would cause summon them in due form; account, that their power is only minibut this they refused, afligning as their fterial, and that on no account can they chief reason, that Mr Brown had ap. impede his admission. That from this pealed to the assembly, though of this short narrative the presbytery persuade They could have no evidence but Mr themselves the assembly will find their Brown's assertion. That Mr Brown conduct in this affair regular, and will having thus effectually stopped the pro. order the libel to be proceeded on, accedure of the presbytery, fummoned the cording to the rules of the church: and members of the university to answer be- as the presbyteries of Forfar, Meigle, fore the court of feflion, for their delaying and Brechin, have shown such reluco to admit him; and obtained a sentence, tance to summon witnesses, they beg whereby the Lords find, That the univer- the affembly effectually to interpose, that fity acted unwarrantably and illegally there may be no further stop to the prom in delaying his admiffion'; and as if hey cedure. And as Mr Brown has appealhad wilfully intended hurt to Mr Brown, ed, as not subject to the presbytery, or and delayed his admission without any other judicatures of the church ; as the probable ground of an innocent and ho- Lords of Session have ordained him, nest intention, loaded them personally though under scandal, and libelled by with the expence of process; and orderm the prefbytcry, to be admitted, though

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he has never attempted to vindicate him- their forrow for the trouble they had gie felf, or, so far as the presbytery know, ven the presbytery, and intreating that even, aflerted his innocence; and feeing every thing might be erased from out Mr Solicitor, a gentleman eminent in his their books concerning that affair."profession, has asserted, that the presby- In the Letter it is said, that Mr Brown's tery have no power to deliberate con- friends entered into a sort of treaty with cerning the character of a minister, who, some managers for the people, whose as a professor of divinity, is to be a mem- great view was to get rid of Mr Brown ber of the presbytery, that their power is as their minifter ; and therefore, upon only ministerial, and that on no account assurances given that Mr Brown would are they to refuse his demand of signing demit his charge, they agreed to drop the confesion of faith and formula, nor their prosecution. can impede his admission; and as the In the Cafe insinuations are made, as judges, by ordaining a man in Mr if it was the disappointed hopes of some Brown's circumstances, to be forthwith members of the university,or their friends, admitted, and finding the deed of the that gave rise to the violent attack upon university, delaying his admission till his Mr Brown's character, and made them character should be cleared, illegal and represent him in the most odious colours unwarrantable, and loading them with to those great personages at London, the expence of process, seem to be of who, as they were most able, had been the same mind with Mr Solicitor: the very willing to aslift him; it is said, that presbytery cannot but think it a matter Princ' Murison's ingenuity, in saying the of the highest importance to this church, recommendation he gave Mr Brown at and worthy the most mature confidera, his leaving Scotland" was not to be used tion of the supreme court, what is pro. for obtaining any office as a clergyman, per to be done, for obtaining redress of is submitted, upon perusing his letter to à grievance, which may tend to the Mr Brown's father-in-law, five years-afruin, not only of the universities, but al. ter his being appointed minister at U. so of the church; for if a man present- trecht: “ I rejoice that your son-in-law ed to an office must be admitted, and is in so good a way, and reflect with cannot be called to an account though pleasure on my contributing what I of the worst character, che consequences could, at your desire, for his welfare :" are so obvious, that the presbytery need And then it is asked, If it truly appear. not mention them.

ed to the university, that Mr Brown's Besides these two papers, there was a settlement amongst them would be hurtprinted case for Mr Brown, regularly ful to the interest of religion and learnfigned by his lawyer ; and for the other ing, but that, as they express themselves fide there appeared a pamphlet, intitled, in one of their papers, he might have A letter to a member of aljembly; which been useful elsewhere, where his story was first sold for 6 d. and then for 3 d.; was not known; would it not have been but was at last given gratis, like the ca- equally becoming, as well as more hufes. This letter is anonymous; nor, mane, to have addressed him privately, 'tis believed, was it formally owned as and left it to his choice, to have remaintheirs by Mr Brown's opponents : it ed quiet in Holland, or stand the brunt falls therefore to have the less credit. of their oppofition, which, after such

In the Case it is said, that the Corta- public remonftrances, it is obvious he chy petitioners were desired to give in a behoved either to defeat, or see himself, more formal and particular petition a. his family, and usefulness in life, both gainst next; but that the here and in Holland, for ever ruined ? petitioners, instead of such a petition, Dr Campbell died April 24. 1756; Mr sent a letter to the presbytery, declaring, Brown's patent bears date May 10.; Mr that, upon mature deliberation, they Gregory had accounts of it on the 18th found reason for disowning and retract or 20th, and soon communicated them ing what they had done, and professing to Meff. Murison and Schaw, and other


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members of the university; and an uni- terposition of his R. Highness to préversity-meeting was called upon the af. vent it.” This representation was sent fair on the 15th of June. In the Let up under cover to Sir Everard Fawketer it is said, that the Principal, when ner, the Duke's secretary ; and this the afore-recited paffage was read by Mr gentleman returned the university an ana Brown's lawyer in the synod, defired to swer, dated July 13. 1756; in which see the letter, and that the whole of it he acquaints them, (as is recited in the might be read, but neither were grant. Cafe),

" That Mr Brown was no ed; that he complained of such an ab. therwise known to his R. Highness, use of private letters, because it tended than by the unquestioned testimonials he to destroy the mutual confidence upon had received of many very eminent ferwhich this friendly intercourse is found. vices performed by him to his Majesty ed; and told, that a gentleman happen- and his country during the late rebellion. ing to tell him, just when he was about - That Mr Brown having come to to write a friendly letter to Mr Ogilvy, the head quarters in Flapders, repreof Mr Brown's having got a good place, fented, that the calumnies and menaces,

and of his behaving well, he was there. and other vexations brought upon bim ^ by led to make mention of Mr Brown, by the Jacobites, had made him deter

and perhaps to express himself in terms mine to quit his church, and seek his he would not upon any other occasion bread where he could get it in quiet. have chosen: adding, that his words im- Which declaration he supported by full plied no approbation of Mr Brown's con- testimonials of his moral character; and duct while in Scotland; for his plain by his demifsion, proceeding upon the meaning was, that he was glad that Mr calumnies and menaces with which he Brown, who had formerly been in such was harassed : which demission the presdismal circumstances, was now in a bytery accepted, upon this averment, comfortable way of living, and beha. that most of the facts therein set forth ving with so much decency as to pro. were known to be true. -That his cure a good degree of efteem and regard R. Highness was strongly induced to from persons of all ranks in that country. believe there must be lome misunder

At the aforementioned meeting of the standing in this affair, from the diffeuniversity, called June 15. 1756, at rent manner in which Mr Brown's with. which all the members were present, drawing from Scotland has been repreexcept Princ' Tullideph, and another, sented, from what the testimonials plainwho was confined by age and infirmi. ly set forth. That his R. Highness ty, it was agreed, without a contradict- could not but feel a great uneasiness, to ing voice except Mr Gregory's, (upon find himself pressed to give up a worthy a representation by Princ Murison, man to infamy and ruin, upon an imputaThat a few years ago a report had tion of immorality which is not nained, prevailed, and was generally belie- and which there is great reason to think ved, that Mr Brown was guilty of an is a calumny. (Sir Everard adds,) Is immorality, which, if it had been con- calumny new in the world ? have not the fessed, or proved upon him, was pu. best men in all ages been exposed to it? nishable by deprivation ; and that there, and is it not very natural to believe, that upon he had demitted his charge, and left chofe who set off with the most violent the country), " That they should re. prejudices to him, who tried all

ways to present to the Duke of Cumberland, make him uneasy, and who even attheir chancellor, the report, universally tempted upon his life, would not scrople credited, which affected Mr Brown's to raise a calumny to hurt him? Conficharacter, and was the true cause of his der how hard must his case be, if all the demitting his charge, and the bad con- reward of his public services must be, fequences that would follow the putting to be given up to the revenge of his ehim into the office of professor of church- nemies, who were so for those very ser. hiltory and divinity; and crave the in. vices, and to be exposed to greater pu



nishment than the law inflicts for ma. ftablishment, and with what affection ny sorts of felony; and this for a bare and zeal ministers and preachers apimputation, raised in a place where he peared on that fide in the time of the had avowedly so many and fo deadly unnatural rebellion, will be desirous to enemies.-- (Sir Everard is also plea- know how Mr Brown could fignalize sed to condescend on a number of very himself so remarkably where all were ample testimonials in his favour, which zealous, and merit such particular disare subjoined to his Cafe, and with his tinction from men in power. Though usual goodness of heart subjoins,} It is I have no inclination to detra&t from Mr impoflible not to take notice, that these Brown's loyalty, it is proper you should testimonials agree in the accounts they know the truth of this matter. Some give of the sweet, friendly, and enga- officers of the army, who had been taging temper and deportment of Mr ken prisoners by the rebels at Preston, Brown. This happy disposition is a were confined by them to the village of main source of charity, which covers a Glamis in Angus, and some places in multitude of faults, and is of more use that neighbourhood. Upon the preci. to society in general, and towards pro. pitate recreat of the rebels before his R. pagating true religion, and all moral Highness, it was feared they would carvirtues, in a society set apart more im- ry these officers along with them, and mediately for the culture of them, than might treat them barbarously and inhu. all the human learning that any man manely. To prevent this, a party of was ever possessed of. I doubt not people, of low rank, but zealous' for but this affair will be considered with that the government, formed a project of candour which may be expected from rescuing them. Being met upon this such a place." It is added, that the u- design at Dendee, it occurred, that it niversity, not satisfied with this warm would contribute to facilitate and secure sepresentation in favour of Mr Brown, the success of their design, to send a wrote a second letter to Sir Everard, to person before them well acquainted in which it is believed they did not obtain that neighbourhood, to assemble the of. the honoạr of an answer ; neither did ficers into one house, that they might the presbytery receive any answer to the carry them off instantly and without letter they wrote to the Earl of Holder- noise. Mr Brown, who happened acnesse. In the Letter we are told, that cidentally to be in Dundee, was pitched Sir Everard, after transcribing the deed upon as a proper person for this service; of the presbytery of Forfar accepting which he performed, and got himself Mr Brown's demission, goes on,

" is considered as a sort of leader or comthere the least reason to suppose that mander among those well-meaning peo. there is any concealed meaning in so ple, and had the honour to present and plain a declaration on so solemn an oce deliver the rescued officers to the comcafion? If any one can entertain a su• mander in chief of his Majesty's forces spicion of any such disguise, he lays to at Edinburgh. This, Sir, so far as I the charge of the Rev. presbytery a can learn, was the first exertion of Mr greater immorality, and of more scan- Brown's loyalty; and from this, I think, dal to religion and the ministry, than he has been dubbed with the title of Ge. any thing, be it what it may, laid to neral Brown. -No doubt Mr Brown Mr Brown's charge.”

was loyal and zealous in his heart du. The Letter-writer would depretiate ring the whole of that unnatural rebel. even the loyalty of Mr Brown. “ As lion ; but this zeal was tempered with in the course of my narrative," says he, great prudence and caution until the re

frequent mention has been made of the bels began to fly: as an evidence of loyalty of Mr Brown, and his signal ser- which, we are informed by good au. vices to the government, I doubt not thority, that before this happy turn of but you, who know the attachment of affairs, when he was requested by Mr the clergy of Scotland to our happy e. Thomson minister at Airly, to preach


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