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head which the Noble Lord was pleased England, which it is impossible for you to to insist on, That these treaties, parti- fupport, and which must greatly disturb cularly that with Russia, would give of. your finances by ruining your commerce. fence to the King of Prussia: In my o This treaty with Ruffia will therefore, pinion, Sir, it will be so far from gi. Sir, be so far from being an offence, ving him offence, that it will give him that, I am convinced, it will give great great pleasure. We know that he is pleasure to the King of Prussia; as it engaged in a defensive alliance with will furnish him with an opportunity to France; we know that he has a very preserve the subsidy he has from France, considerable subsidy from France, near without being obliged to second or fupfix times as much as we are obliged by port them in any of their ambitious and this new treaty to pay to the great em. unjust schemes against this nation, or pire of Ruflia; and we know that he any other nation in Europe; which, by cannot well support the present expence his former conduct, he has shewo, he of his army, even with all his econo. has naturally no inclination to do: consemy, without that fubfidy. If the pre- quently we have no reason to fuppose, nor fent disputes between us and France could he suppose, that this treaty was should come to an open rupture, it is designed against him; but that it was highly probably, nay, I think, it is al- defigned againit another power, which most certain, that France will call upon I have no occasion to name.
And á. him for the fulfilling of his engage- gainit that nation we had great reason ments, and infist upon it that he is, in to be upon our guard; because they have confequence thereof, at their desire, ob- for many years behaved as if they had liged to attack Hanover. From his ex- been a French colony. But, however tenfive knowledge of affairs, and from they may for the future incline to behis superior judgment, I think it is e. have, we have now no cause to fear qually probable, and equally certain, what they may be able to do; as we that in case a war ihould ensue, he will have, by these treaties, provided fuch conclade, that France is the aggreffor; a respectable army upon the continent, and consequently that he is not, by his as will render it dangerous for any defenfive treaty, obliged either in ho. power in Europe to join with France anour or conscience, to give them any as. gainst us, and such a one as will encou. fiftance; much less to attack, at their rage those who are inclined to join with desire, a prince, and a near relation us, in case we should have, occafion for too, who has done him no injury. This their aslistance; which those very treawould have thrown him into a very ties will, in all human appearance, pregreat perplexity, if we had made no vent, as they will leave us at liberty to fuch treaty with Rullia : He muit either apply our whole itrength towards the have forfeited, as the French court prosecution of the war in America. And would have called it, his fubfidy, or he even for this purpose our treaty with must have alled against both his con- Heste-Cafel may be of advantage to fcience and his interest. But by this us; as their troops may be brought o. treaty we have extricated him out of ver to this kingdom, or sent to Ireland, this difficulty. He may now answer, for supplying an equal number of our I must not venture to attack Hanover; own, which, in case of a war, would becaufé, if I do, I fall be attacked on be necesi'ary for us to send to America, one side by the formidable power of the or to employ on board our feet for anempire of Ruslia, and probably on the noying the coasts of our enemy, other by the house of Austria, affitted I come laflly, Sir, to the third head by fome of the other princes of Ger- insisted on by his Lordship; which was many; against which iwo attacks, even his maxim, That this nacion ought ne. you France, with all your power, can ver to engage in any war upon the connot protect me; especially as you are tinent of Europe, no not even for that yourself engaged in a maritime war with plausible presence called the preserva
tion of a balance of power at land : for wife Q. Elisabeth quickly perceived; this his Lordship mutt mean, if he means and, notwithstanding her having fo any thing ; because, if he means, that much to do at home, the foon took prowe are never to engage unless when cal. per measures to defeat it. For this
purted on, it means nothing; as no war pose, she did not hesitate a moment upcan happen in Europe in which we may on engaging in a war on the continent, not expect to be called on by one of by firft affifting the Proteftants in France, the parties concerned; nor can a war against the Spanish faction in that kinga happen, in which this nation may not dom; and afterwards supporting the
find an interest in joining with one fide malecontents in the Netherlands, against rather than the other. But however the King of Spain, their then tovereign. mach fome gentlemen may now be in. Upon the decline of the power of Spain, clined to look upon the balance of power the power of France rofe apace; so that as a chimera, it is certain that it has even Cardinal Richlieu began to form long been, and, I think, always ought the design of making the King of France to be very carefully attended to, and fole monarch of Europe. Our Charles I. provided for, even by this nation. There did fomething againt it; but he did fore our joining in a war upon the con. nothing in a right way ; and by his aimtinent for preserving or reitoring a ba- ing so openly at absolute power at home, lance of power, may fometimes be wife he rendered himself unable to oppose aand necessary. Such a war may indeed ny foreign design, or to support him. be pursued too far, or continued too long. self upon the throne. His immediate One ministry in Q. Anne's time pursued successor Oliver Cromwell, was indeed fuch a war too far, another ended it too an usurper ; but he was a man of fense, foon. Both were blameable. But this and great cunning : for by not seeme can never establish it as a maxim, That ing to aim at it, he got what Charles loft we ought never to engage in such a war. both his crown and his life for, by too One fole monarch of Europe might foon openly aiming at it. He indeed, for his render himself master of this island, be. own glory, and the good of his cooncause he would be superior to us at fea. try, joined at first with France against By a sole monarch, Sir, I do not mean Spain; but it is thought, that before his his being in actual possession of every death he began to think of joining in a kingdom and state upon the continent confederacy against France. Whereas of Europe ; bat his being in poffeffion Charles II. instead of endeavouring to of so much power, and so great riches, preserve the balance of power, became as to give the law to all the rest, by himself a penfioner to France; and was menacing the nearest, and bribing, or, never right but once, I mean, when he in modern language, subsidizing the most entered into the triple alliance. But he
And whether the monarch of foon became forry for it; and I am sore France might not soon become such a mo- rý to say, that through his whole reign narch, if this nation should lay aside all he feems to have been an enemy to his regard for the balance of power, I hope country, and a friend to its most danyour Lordships will seriously consider. gerous eneinies. His brother and suce
The present, Sir, is not the first time ceffor again loft his crown, by refafing that such a design has been formed. The to join in a war upon the continent ahouse of Auftria attempted it in the reign gainit Lewis XIV.; for indeed both the of Charles V.; and be would have ac brothers feemed succesively to deftreon. complished it, had it not been for the ly to be the delegate tyrant of thefe kingwisdom and vigour of Francis II. His doms, under the supreme tyrant at Verdividing his power, and afterwards re. failles. After chem, by good luck, orra. figning his crown, put an end to any ther by a remarkable providence, we got such design in the house of Austria. But a sovereign who had some regard to the his son, and fucceffor in Spain, Phi- liberties of Europe, as well as the liberlip II. resuñed the design; which our ties of this country. The Prince of O.
range, from the moment he got the bet- bours, that is to say, to all those they ter of the French party in Holland, ne. can immediately attack by land : so that ver dropt the design of restoring and see they now want nothing for rendering curing the balance of power, which had their monarch the sole monarch of Eubeen very near overset by the ambitious rope, but money enough to bribe some schemes of Lewis XIV. and the lavish of those powers that are at a distance; concurrence of our Charles and Jamesll. and this they will get, if they can posI say, Sir, the French party in Holland ; sess themselves of any considerable part for it is now evident, that those who in of our trade and plantations; for this that country ca
themselves the repu. will not only increase their fund for bri. blicans, and were thought to be fo by bing, but put it out of our power to bribe the deluded populace, were all in the against them : whereas, if in any future interest, and some of them perhaps in war we can not only secure our own the pay of France. But the Prince of trade and plantations, but demolish Orange, by his own address, and the those of the French, as the French will contempt which the French court in all not then have it in their power, we shall their measures thewed for the Dutch, not have occasion, to bribe any of the got at last the better of the French pen. remote powers of Europe ; because, if lioners in England, as well as Holland; they are left to act impartially accorand the last of the many great actions ding to what is their real interest, they of his life was, the concluding of the will, without any subsidy, be always grand alliance, which, under the wise ready to join us, in a confederacy for econduct of the Duke of Marlborough, stablishing their own independency, as put an end to the ambitious views of well as that of their neighbours. For France, and prevented their being re- which reason I am the more ready to anewed, until we fatally took it into our gree to these subsidy-treaties, because I beads, that the overgrown power of the hope they will be the last. We often house of Austria was become dangerous before entered into fubfidy-treaties, for to the liberties of Europe.
which there was no reason that was true Will any one say, Sir, that it was ly British; but for the two now under wrong in us to engage in the grand alli- confideration, the reason is so truly Briance ! Will any one say, that because tilh, that I think we could not othera French faction may prevail in Hol. wise have secured the independency of land, it would be wrong in us, whilft it this kingdom, or the commerce and does. so, to engage in a grand alliance plantations belonging to it, upon which with other potentates, even though the the superiority of our naval power must liberties of Europe should be brought always depend. into as great danger as they were at that Should the Noble Lord's motion be time? Let us then resolve, Sir, to en. agreed to, Sir, and the news of it sent gage as often as such a necessity recurs, over to France, as it certainly would, as often as there appears to be a dignus the very next dispatch would tell them, vindice nedus; that is to say, as often as, that the nation was in a flame, and that the balance of power is like to be brought the government would not be supported into inminent danger, either by an at. by the people. The Jacobites are altack upon ourselves or upon any of our ways ready to say so, but they would allies. I say upon ourselves, Šir; be. then be believed by the French minicause by an attack upon our trade and sters, and in that case I should expect plantations in America, the balance of an immediate invasion : for however power in Europe may now be irrecover- much the French may threaten, they ably overturned. The power of France will never actually invade this country, by land is now become so much superior unless they believe that our government to that of any of their neighbours, that will not be supported by the people. they may, by menaces, prescribe rules In 1744, M. Saxe believed it, and he R0 che conduct of all their nexs neigh, actually prepared to invade us; but by
most people in France it was called la Tird with thy freaks, the hopeless chace give o’er: chimere de M. Saxe. However, he im- And had I caught the game, what could I more?
Like sportsmen, lovers hunt the beauteous
prey, barked some troops, and with them
Through ev'ry secret, fubtile, winding way. 10,000 saddles for horses which he was the prey escapes. What then?-Fatigu’d, they to find here. I suppose that our Jaco yield bites assured him, that our horses were The prize, pleas’d with the chace, and quit the
field. Jacobites ; for I am sure they represented many of our men as fucả, with less Is the game caught a little while they view reafòn.' None of our horses, I believe, Sared alike: - Here all the diff'rence lies;
The panting thing; the sport is o'er ;-adicu. ever said they were not Jacobites, no Tir'd of the chacéor weary'd of the prize. not even that learned horse which was Thus fares the love which Fancy's bosom fires, the wonder of our learned persons of A short-liv'd flame, that blazes, and expires; quality ; but most of our men whom our An airy form, which at a distance charms,
But shuns th'imbrace, or mocks our empty arms. Jacobites represented as such, had not Friendship alone the sacred charm imparts only faid, but fworn, that they were not That fixes beauty's empire o'er our hearts ; Jacobites; nay, they had done more, Friendship alone can love's sweet joys secure, they had declared they were not Jaco. And to the genial add the social hour, bites. But those British winds which fo Refine each passion, harmonize the whole,
And touch the string that thrills from soul to foul. opportunely declared themselves against
June 25. 1757
PHILO. Jacobitism at the time of the revolution, continue still, it feems, in the same senti.
To Chloe, at her lodge so sweet in
His Lordsnip's park, J-H- greeting. ments ; for they put an end to M. Saxe's chimera (vi. 145.]. Again, in the year W Hereas on the fixteenth of May,
-57, (that's year and day), 1745, when the young pretender, the
Your letter safe was brought by Peter, young adventurer, as they call him, was (Yours was in prose, but mine's in metre), here, the French, I know, were invited to Wherein you order to be sent ye, invade us. But the French and our Ja
From London, (mind they are but lent ye), cobites here disagreed about who should
Tafto; Orlando Furiose ;
Harvey; (which by the by's but fo fo);
With Dodney's volumes four; and also
The book which the Reviews do maul fo: hand, the French infifted that the Jaco This, my fair saint, goes poft from town, bites should first rise in arms; which the To let you know they're all fent down; Jacobites in this part of the united king.
With t'other order there, so puzzling,
Of ribbons, pins, tape, shoes, and muslin. dom refused, in which they acted more
As to the ladies' dress in fashion,
I've yet observ'd no alteration.
Of a gawze cloud, or fine-spun wind.
I called last night at Mrs Lynch's, country, whilst they believe that our go
Who says the stays are tall’n two inches; vernment will be supported by the peo And at the same time begs I'll let ye ple; and I shall never be for giving them Know, with her duty, that the pettiany ground to believe otherwise; for Coats are at least four inches rais'd; which reason I must be against agreeing
For which be Cytherca prais'd! to the Noble Lord's motion.
For now I hope, and bope is sweet,
Ere August, to see both ends meet.
*I've news to tell you, (not in rhyme),
I'm for Vauxhall; so rest your fervent
TO CUPID." By Mr HCK-TT. to consume in a hopeless flame.
Omplain not, Cupid, of my truth;
In play with thee I spent my youth. A farewell to FANTASTIC LOVE, and
Not more thy mother lov'd thee, boy,
Than l; thou wert my only joy.
I hop'd at length for your promotion.
THop de aproad dome, and sculptur'd form
While others hunted (glorious sport!)
Oft as the fragrant breathing spring Bright honour in the camp or court;
Annual in flow'ry pomp returns, Thee, pleasing god, I still attended:
Thy sacred inf'ence bids me ling; But, fare thee well, the vision's ended;
With all thy warmth my bolom burds. Hereafter with such thoughts I'll play me, Again the beauteous vernal ray As please mc less, and less betray me.
With gold celestial gilds the plain ;
The radiant fov'reign of the day
Visits those happy fields again.
Lo! Beauty spreads her softest charms;
Unbounded Love is pour'd abroad, To Mr GARRICK, on bis eredling a temple and And Harmony each bosom warms. statue to SH A KESPEAR.
Love, Beauty, Harmony, no more
Your sacred infl'ence makes me bleft: Excudent alü spirantia mollius ara,
The charms I wont erewhile t'adore, Credo equidem, et vivos ducent de marmore vultus;
Can give no pleasure to my breast. Tu
VIRG. From my dear Mary far remov'd,
All Nature's joys are loft to me: HO'
Thou ever dear, and best belov'd!
May all her blessings wait on thee.
Bloom sweet, ye fields where MARY strays,
In robes of gayeft green appear ; And from himself alone to bid him live;
Ye birds, attune your foftest lays,
And with your musie charm ber ear.
Ye groves, extend your grateful fade,
And breathe ambrosial fragrance round; When calling forth fome character to view,
Your fairest charms, gay Flora, spread, You give it, such as he and nature drew,
And strew with sweetest Mowers the ground. “ Amazing, as succesfiye passions rife,
With pleasing murmurs fadly sweet, The very faculty of ears and eyes,
Ye crystal rills, obsequious flow, And, while attention wraps the wond'ring throng, If evening mild my fair invite Each thought divipe comes mended from thy Along your flow'ry banks to go.
O born to answer all his nobler ends! (tongue.” Favonian airs, wave soft your wing,
And round my charmer gently play :
And all that's lovely, sweet, and gay.
Ye heav'nly powers, attend my prayer, Wept her neglected charms, and worth unknown;
And kindly grant my fond request : Sunk in obfcurity, forsaken lay,
Be Mary still your darling care; And mourn'd the night, despairing of the day.
May the be happy : I'll be bleft. This you beheld; and haft’ning to her aid,
May 1. 1757
R. S. Brought back in triumph the much injur'd maid; Taught her with heighit’ned grace the stage to To the memory of ANNE SCOTT, Lady Meldrum, tread,
In whose character, the amiable qualities And brighter laurels twin'd around her head.
Of a wife, a mother, and a friend,
Were agreeably blended.
Tender and affectionate;
Sensible, generous, and open. Thus heav'n-born Truth in Siygian gloom con
In family concerns, a great æconomis; Time drew to light, and all her charms reveald.
Neither mean, nor prodigal. Then cease by needless acts thy zeal to show,
Her unaffected piety, Thy idol bard to thee bis fame must owe.
Equal temper, No temple need thy piety to raise,
And continual flow of fpirits, No proud memorial to record his praise.
Balarc'd the inconveniencies His noblest monument in thee we view,
Of a delicate constitution ; And SHAKESPEAR ftill survives ador'd in you.
Gave a relith to life,
But could not prevent the Itroke of death!
Health is precarious; beauty but vain; Once more indulge ihy friendly aid,
Riches have wings; our friends must die; Which my fond vows have oft implor’d.
Virtue alone endureth for ever! [278.]