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vouchers of their having paid the duty, with the stamp which shall be fo altered, will be prosecuted with the utmost rigour. or on which, being already ftamped

The annual duties for licences to with a stamp denocing any former duty, retail liquors in Scotland are as follows, a new stamp is hereby directed to be viz. for ale and other exciseable liquors, impressed, fall have the like allowance 20 s. [xviii. 217.); for spirituous li. as by any former law is in like cases diquors, 40 s. 'i. e. for both, 31. (a li. rected. cence for the latter of these cannot be From and after the raid sth of July given but to a person who has got a li. 1757, hawkers of unftamped almanacks cence for the former); fur wine, 31. are subjected to the punishment to be 6 s. 8 d.; for wine, and ale, &c. 31. inflicted, and persons who apprehend 135. 4 d.; and for wine, fpirituous li- them intitled to the rewards to be paid, quors, and ale, &c. 41. 6 s.'8 d.] by the act 16° Geo. II. with regard to

That to prevent the multiplication hawkers of unftamped news-papers. of stamps, on which several duties are That if any person thall forge or by feveral acts imposed, it shall be law. counterfeit, or procure to be forged or ful for the commissioners to cause one counterfeited, any fuch ftamps, or shall new stamp be provided, to denote the utter or sell any vellum, parchment, or said several duties.

paper, Atamped with fuch counterfeit That the commissioners, by them- stamp, knowing the same to be counterfelves, or by officers employed under feit, fuch person thall suffer death. them, shall forthwith, upon demand And whereas the duties upon coals made by any person, stamp any quan. exported in British veffels, are less than tities of vellum, parchment, or paper, the duties on coals carried coastwire, to be used for writing or printing fuch whereby foreigners may be supplied indentures or other deeds, which shall therewith at a less expence than British be brought to the head ftamp-office, subjects, to the great prejudice of the such perion paying the stamp-duties ; trade and manufactures of this kingdom; which stamp thall be a sufficient dis- be it enacted, That from and after the charge for the duty.

said 5th of July 1757, there shall be leThat the cominiffioners shall take care, vied and paid, for every chaldron of that the several parts of G. Britain hall, coals, Newcastle measure, which shall from time to time, be sufficiently fur- be shipped for exportation to any part nished with vellum, parchment, and beyond the seas, except to freland, the paper, duly stamped; that the subjects ifle of Man, or his Majesty's plantamay have it in their election, either to tions, an additional duty of 4 s. and af. .buy the same as usual, or to bring their ter the same rate for any greater or less own to be stamped as aforesaid.

quantity, [i. e. in whole, io s. per chalThat the price of such stamped vel. dron, Newcastle, or small coal; and lum, parchment, or paper, shall be set 3 s. 4d. per tun, Scots, or great coal.] yearly, and such price marked, and such allowance made on present pay- shall fell, or expose to fale

, any paper deemed to

* Stat. 16° Geo. II. cap. 26. & 4. If any person ment of the said duties, as by any for- be a news-paper within the meaning of 'any act mer law is directed, [i. e. after the rate relating to the stamp-duties, not being stanıped as of 6 per cent. per annum, for six months, in the said acts is directed, he shall be com.nitted, to every person who shall at one time by any justice of the peace, upon conviction, by bring to be stamped, or buy of the com- house of correction, for any time not exceeding

confession, or by the oath of one witness, to the missioners, vellum, parchment, or pa. three months: and any person may apprehend per, the duties whereof shall amount to sich offender, and carry him before any justice jo l. or upwards, 12° Anne, sel. 2. of the peace; and such perfon, upon producing

a certificate of the conviction of such offender, cap. 9. $ 27.] The stamps may be altered and re- is to get without fee), Thall receive a reward of

under the hand of the justice, (which certificate he newed ; and persons who fhall have in 20 s. from the receiver-general of the stamp-dutheir custody any vellum, &c. ftamped ties. Swinten.


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H IS TO Rr. to his friend in Holland, dated, Camp

of which we Ispahan, the capital, has again give a tranflation from the Gentleman's changed its malter: Azad Kan is once Magazine. more in poffeffion of tharcicy Hufein If I have deferred fending you an ac: Milendroon; Ca.

count of our operations till chis post, rem Kan is master of Shiras; almost e ic is not because I had no events to revery city and town has an oppressive late ; for in a campaign like this, new lord; and every perry governor acts like events are produced every day : but per: an absolute monarch.

fons remote from the scene of action are Letters from ConstANTINOPLE ad. pleased only with general engagements, vife, that in an extraordinary divan held and the taking of important places. on the roth of April, at which the Such events, thank God, happen but Grand Signior and the principal per- feldom; and when they do, they are fons of the Ottoman empire aflifted, it atcended with circumitances of horror was resolved to continue the treaties of that cannot be conceived but by those friendship with the courts of Vienna who are present. - it is beyond conand Petersburg; and to send a confi- ception dreadful to walk in a 'field of derable body of the best troops to Alep. battle, after a victory ; to fee friends po, Tripoli, and Bagdad, to overawe

and enemies, men and horses, the dead the spirit of fedition which appears in and dying, all heaped together, diso chose parts. The Sultan does not at all guised with wounds, and almoit floatseem disposed to take advantage of the


in blood The stench of carnincreafirg troubles of Perlia.

age fills the air with infection, and the By Jacest accounts the Empress of

groans of those that yet live rite as it RUSSIA continued to be very much in. were in unison on every side. He who dispoled. Advices concerning the troops has once feen fuch fights, and heard of that nation marching to the afliltance fuch founds, will never wish that either of the Empress-Queen are various and should be repeated : perhaps the bare uncertain. . According to a letter from relation is too dreadful to please. Konigsberg, dated June 6. their head

It is easy to conceive, that a field of quarters were then near Frauenberg in battle of vast extent, on which 25 ,000 Courland, about twenty-two miles from

men have been exposed to the inolt ter. Memel, the first town of Brandenbur. rible firing for feven hours together, cangian Prusia on that fide ; near to which not be cleared of the dead and woundthe Prussian general, Marshal Lehwald, ed in one, or in two days. To remove was incamped with an army of about the dead from the living, which is no 30,000 men. Mean while the Russian easy task, requires fome time,

Labour men of war had blocked up the ports ers are not to be had, as the peasants of Prusia, and taken several vessels be- are generally dispersed in a panic. la longing to that nation employed in care the present cafe our difficulties were still rying provisions from one port to ano

greater: for the ground about Prague ther.

being hard and rocky, the interment of We learn from COPENHAGEN, that the dead went on more lowly than u. his Danish Majesty has formally decla- fual; and it was neceffary to carry the red to the court of Vienna, that he is de- wounded, as well friends as enemies, termined, in the present situation of af. over the Moldau, to the camp of M. fairs, to obferve a ftri&t neutrality, and Keith. Our wounded have been lot confequently that he cannot grant the ged in the convents of St Margaret and contingent of troops demanded of himn St Victoire, and in the village of Welle. by that court.

flawitz; those of the enemy in a placo The military operations of the PR Uso called The Star, where they have been SIANS and Austrians are distinctly re- taken as much care of as our own. On lated in a letter from a Pruffian officer che gch M. Brown fent twenty-four fur.


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geons from Prague to their aslistance, carriages, fell into our hands. The huf-
although, according to the report of de- fars of Zeithen have divided the mili:
serters, there were 7000 of the wound. tary chest,
ed in that city; to which they were con It must be acknowledged that the Si-
veyed with less difficulty, as a part of lefian army, which was led to action by
the enemy's line reached almost to the M. Schwerin, had a rude shock to fula

tain; having moraffes to pass, preci. If to 7000, the number of wounded pices to climb, and batteries to face. that was in the city, you add those who Nothing but the presence of the King remained upon the field of battle with could have animated the foldiery to atthe dead, and the 12,000 prisoners and tempt fo rafh an enterprise, if I may be deferters which are now with us, you allowed to use the expression, or have will not think the firit accounts, which sustained them in it. His Majesty exmade the loss of the Austrian's 20,000 posed his person to the fiercest cannonamen, much exaggerated. But you des ding, with an air of unconcern, which fire to know che loss on our side. Be made those tremble for his life whom it not over-solicitous to have it exact, left animated to risk their own. The ground I should lead you into a mistake, like and situation were such as prevented the gazetteers of Vienna and Cologn, Buddenbrock, Gefler, and Kian's rewho have estimated the loss of the con. giments of horse, from forming, and actquerors as immense, and that of the ing as they would have done, and as conquered as nothing. It is indeed a- they have been used to do. They sufAonithing that the Pruilians, who fuf- fered very much in the beginning of the fered so much, should yet remain on action, but they were afterwards sustainthe spot; and that the Auftrians, who ed by Trescou's regiment of foot. Tres foffered so little, should ran away. This cou, who is not less eminent for expeis a problem, which the Austrian wits rience than courage, marched himself would well employ their time to resolve. at their head, fell upon the flank of the However, not to disguise our lofs, I enemy, and put those that he attacked will take upon me to say, that the whole to flight. The foot had not less diffinumber of the killed amounted to 2600, culties to surmount than the horse ; maincluding 40 officers of the rank of ma. ny generals, following the example of jors, with 250 subalterns, and of the the first field-marshal, dismounted, and wounded to about 6000.

led their regiments sword in hand, - The Austrian generals had no appre. through marthes, over precipices, and hension of an attack on the 6th of May. across a thousand fires. It was here our Their cavalry were, on that day, out a- hero, M. Schwerin, fell, at the head of foraging; their whole camp was quiet, his regiment, with the colonel's stan and the foldiers boiled the por: they dard in his hand: two balls pierced him had not the least doubt, but that on the at once ; one went through his head, 5th M. Schwerin's army was many miles the other through his body. Soon after off. But this army made forced marches this fatal accident, Prince Henry, the on that day, as they had done the day King's brother, set an example to the before ; and having arrived in their troeps that encouraged every individual camp at midnight, unipeakably fatigued, to attempt all that was possible. His received that very inftant orders to ad- R. Highness dismounting from his horse, vance near ten English miles farther; and heading his brigade, was the first where, juft at day-break, they were ihat climbed a mountain, and cook pofjoined by the King: who, without al. feffion of the battery by which our troops lowing his troops the least repose, im had been most annoyed By this entermediately began che attack. The ene. prise the attack of the enemy's camp, my had not a moment to strike their forcified both by nature and art, aptents ; so that after the victory all their peared less impracticable, and the arfield furniture and baggage, and all their dour which it inspired secured success. VOL. XIX.


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The army

The generals and other officers of the account how the fiege goes on ; and, in first rank who fell, were killed at the order to this, I must firit acquaint you head of their regiments, bravely fighting with our present position. for their country ; a circumstance which Our troops under the command of ought to render their memory glorious Field-Marshal Keith, the Prince of and immortal. In a comparison of this Prusia, Prince Ferdinand, Prince Maubattle with that of Lowofitz (8.), it rice, and the hereditary Prince of Darmmay be said, that the latter was atchie. stadt, have shut up what is called the ved by the soldiers, the former by the Little Town on this side of the Moldau. officers. It would be unjust to deprive Our right wing extends to Mount Si the enemy's cavalry of their due praise ; Laurence, which commands in some and it must be owned, to the honour of measure Mount Blanche. Our left their infantry, that they stood firm. wing is ranged along the river, fronting Their hussars only deserved blame; and a wide plain towards Ratschin. On they indeed always disappeared as soon this plain there are many strong ramas ours came in fight. I have just parts, against Belvidere and the Park, learned that three of the enemy's gene- which are in possession of the enemy; rals fell in the engagement, of whom and upon the most considerable of these Le-Field - Marshal Prince Lowenstein ramparts, some regiments of their foot Wertheim is the most regretted. No are incamped under tents. more than 40,cco of the enemy could which is commanded by the King in throw themselves into Prague; those person is beyond the Moldau, and blocks who could not reach that city, fled to. up the rest of Prague so closely, that no wards Benneschau : but our people were creature but deserters have come out of close at their heels, and cut off a body it since it was first invested: and indeed of 20,000, commanded by Gen. Serbel. of these the number has been very great. loni, from the main army, so as effec. As the place is defended by a comtually to prevent their junction. He got plete army, it cannot be taken by afthese fugitives together foon after the fault without the loss of many lives, battle, and incamped with them near which are scarce less valued by the Boehmischbrod, under the command of King thạn the poffesfors ; and a regu. Count Leopold Daun, who was just lar siege, or a blockade that would recome from Vienna. The Prince of duce it by famine, would take up inuch Bevern was detached with about 20,000 time; so that no expedient remains but men to observe this body, and prevent a bombardment; for which prepara. it from advancing towards Prague. As tion is now making; and which, if any soon as the Prince approached, this judgment can be formed from these precorps, which was then increased to parations, will be the most terrible that 40,000 men, retired hastily towards has been ever known. Our part of the Collin, and left behind them a great army has prepared four bomb-batteries, number of tents, which our people found each of which will discharge 72 bombs in the neighbouring villages. This ac. in twenty-four hours, and the troops on count was received on the i zth of May; the opposite side will at the same ply the and the enemy is fince retired towards city with red-hot bullets. The mounMoravia, whither they have transported tain of Ziska was taken in a very thort their only. magazine; and our troops time, and with very little loss, on the have at the same time advanced as far gih of this month, and it is thought this as Cuttemberg and Czaslau. The fitu- circumstance will greatly facilitate the ation of the Prince of Bevern's army reduction of the city. We have certain puts us in perfect security, and covers intelligence from deserters, that the the fiege of Prague from the shattered garrison is in want, not only of proviremains of the Austrian army, which fions and forage, but of artillery and was fo numerous a few days ago. No. ammunition. They have not one twenthing now remains but to give you some ty-four pounder, and but few twelve


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pounders, their heavy artillery having bout half an hour after one a regiment been lately transported to the fortresses of horse.grenadiers fell upon our rein Moravia. Their ramparts swarm doubt, which had been thrown up bewith soldiers ; 12,000 horses are ran- fore the village near the Park, where ged in the streets and squares, but the fome days before we had begun to work forage is almost exhausted. We have on the trenches. This regiment of greset fire to Strokhof, and to all the gar- nadiers, supported by the Hungarian dens and houses in the neighbourhood, infantry, returned three times to the af. where the pandours, who guarded the fault, and were three times beaten back advanced posts, held their bacchanals. by our people, whom they found it im

Since the 9th, the rest of our heavy possible to dislodge, though the battaartillery is arrived, and our men work lion of Ferdinand de Bronsvic, which incessantly on the batteries, which are guarded this post, has suffered very all covered with ramparts and redoubts. much. While this attack was making, The furious fally which the enemy made the enemy kept an incessant fire, with in the night between the 23d and 24th, their musketry, upon our whole front, is a striking proof that this precaution quite from the convent of St Margaret was of the utmost importance. This to the river. At three in the morna fally deserves particular mention in the ing we quitted our camp to engage the history of the fiege of Prague, and I enemy. The battalion of Pannewitz shall therefore finish my letter with an attacked the Red house, which is situaaccount of it.

ted at the bottom of a declivity before On the 23d, about eleven o'clock at Welleslawitz. The pandours, who had night, a deserter came over from the taken possession of this house, fired upcity, and acquainted the Prince of Pruf. on us incessantly from all the doors and fia, that the Austrians were about to windows, till they were dislodged; and attack him with 12,000 men, of which our battalions were obliged to fuftain the number he was one, and found means fire, both of cannon and musketry, till to desert after they had come out of the half an hour after five; when the enecity, and while they were waiting for my retired to the city, except the panorders to march. Upon receipt of this dours, who again took poffesfion of the intelligence, proper measures were ta. Red house, which our troops were obken, and the troops were put into a liged to abandon, because the artillery posture of defence. At the same time of Prague kept a continual fire upon it, the enemy came on with the greatest as soon as it was known to be in our part of their cavalry, all their grena. hands. The enemy left behind them diers, pandours, and Hungarian infan- many dead and wounded, besides de try, to which were added fixteen volun- ferters, and we have taken some prisontiers from each company of the rest of ers. But we have lost many officers and the garrison. The remainder of the ar- private men. Pr. Ferdinand had a horse my was drawn up upon the ramparts, killed under him, and a ball flightly ready to follow if the fally should succeed. grazed his chin. This action was very

This expedition was conducted with brisk on both sides ; and it must be ownsuch filence, that, although we were ed, that if we had not exerted our'utadvertised of it, we could discover no- most efforts, the enemy would not have thing till the enemy charged our ad. been repulsed. Prince Xavier de Saxe vanced posts. The attack was begun was one of the commanders of the at. on the side of the Little Town, against tack, and the deserters boasted much of the camp of M. Keith, and the left his bravery. At fifteen paces behind wing of our army, which was incamped our standard, a domestic of Gen. Panon the Moldau; and their view seems newitz was struck from his horse, by a to have been, either to pass, or to de. Mot from a falconet. Maj.-Gen. Gieft, stroy our bridge. The enemy defiled who was appointed to cover our works from the city about ten o'clock; at a. during the whole night, escaped un

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