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hurt, and so did the Prince of Prussia, According to advices of a later date though both were exposed to the most than this letter, a molt furious bombardimminent danger. Some deserters say, ment, and cannonading with red-hot the number of the enemy was 12,000, balls, began on the 29th of May, at others 19.000; but all we know cer- midnight, (for some hours before which tainly of the number which came out is, there had been a dreadful form of rain that it confiderably exceeded that which and thunder), from one battery on this went back. The greatest alarm began side the Moldau, and three on the other, about two o'clock, when the enemy Soon after, the city was perceived to be hoped to have come filently and unex on fire in two different places. The pectedly upon our miners; but it fortu, besieged at first returned a very brikk nately happened that they had left work fire from their artillery, which lasted aabout a quarter of an hour before. Ac bout an hour, and then ceased; where. the
report of the first piece which the e. as that of the besiegers continued. Ear. nemy fired, the piquet of the third bat- ly on the ift of June, about 5000 horse, talion of guards, to the number of 100 supported by as many foot, made ano. men, went out of the camp to sustain ther sally on the left of the Moldau, and the body which covered our works, and advanced towards the redoubt on the left which was thrown into some contufion, of his Prussian Majesty's camp, where as the darkness of the night prevented Prince Henry commanded; buc seceiour distinguishing the Austrian troops ved so warm a fire from the redoubt, from our own. Lieut. Jork was de that they soon returned into the town. tached with two platoo
oons to reconnoitre From this sally made by the horse, it the enemy, which he attempted by was conjectured, that forage began to kindling a fire. Capt. Rodig, who by be scarce in Prague. The two bridges the light of this fire perceived the ene. of communication which the Pruflians my's lituation, immediately conceived had, the one about a quarter of a mile the design of falling upon them in flank, above the city, and the other about as and cried out, March! The brave fel. far below it, having been damaged by lows of his piquet immediately began the swelling of the Moldau, on the rit to fire in platoons, mutually repeating of June, they were repaired next day. the signal which their chief had given Till the 6th the Prussian batteries play: them; and the enemy fled with the ed incessantly, and kept the town on greater precipitation, as they were ig- fi:e night and day in several places. norant of the weakness of the piquet, All that time the besieged fired very few and as the shouting of our soldiers made guns, the largest of them only twelvethem mistake it for a numerous body. pounders. According to a letter from Many of them deserted, many took M. Keith's camp before Prague, dated shelter in Prague, and many more are June 6. M. Brown had made some o. reported to be dead or drowned. Capt. vertures for a capitulation, but demandRodig has acquired great honour. Pr. ed leave for all his army to march out Ferdinand and M. Keith have complie unmolested: to which the King of Prof. mented him upon his behaviour, and fia answered, That all he could comply the Prince bas also diftributed rich pre- with, out of compassion to the inhabi. sents among the piquet ; of whom fix tants, and to spare the city, was to give only were killed, and
twenty leave for such of the garrison as would wounded. The piquet of two barta not voluntarily enter into the Pruffian lions; equal in number to that of Capt. service, to go out, upon condition not Rodig, which threw themselves into to serve against him for fix years; all the new redoubt, under the command deserters from his army being in the of Capt. Lohmann, has but one dead mean time to be at his Majesty's dispoand six wounded. This officer has also fal. For some days after that time the acquired great honour. So has Licut, fire of the Prufian batteries abated; but Racul, adjutant of the third battalion of they fill continued playing, especially guards, who received a wound in his ear.
1d in the night.
An account from the flames of war from spreading to Europe, Pruffian camp, dated June 12. and pue and especially to the empire. blithed in the London Gazette, bore, It is therefore with the most sensible that the town had been again set on fire regret, that he has seen hostilities begun on the night of the 8th, and burnt vio. in Germany, in violation of the Gerlently all night; that the deserters who manic laws and constitutions, and to the came in, said they had begun ten days great prejudice of very confiderable before to kill their horses; that forty states of the empire. The prevention were given daily to the troops ; that of this war did not depend upon his Ma. horse-Xesh was fold at two grasch, about jesty. The King of Pruffia paid no refour pence, per pound; that they still gard to his friendly representations, nor continued to brew, but the price of beer to the notice he gave him of the defen.
was confiderably raised; that there five engagements he had just entered inEs
was no want of Aour ; and that reports to with the Empress, Queen of Hunga.
Ever from about the middle of May or threatened by that prince, demanded till that time, the Prince of Bevern, with the succours which the King was bound a body of Prossians, had been observing to furnish, both as an ally of the em. the motions of the Austrian general lalt pire, and a guarantee of the treaties of mentioned, and had obliged him to re. Westphalia, and by virtue of his private treat from one advantageous camp to and purely defensive alliances. The neanother, sometimes haralling him in his cefficy of supporting the war, in which marches, killing and taking some of his his Majesty is personally concerned, hath troops. In the mean time M. Daun re- weakened in his breaft, neither his fide. ceived several reinforcements. Very lity, or his other engagements, nor his late advices from Vienna bore, that on zeal for the safety and quiet of the Ger. the 13th of June he advanced to give manic body. Accordingly the King. battle to the Prince of Bevern ; and that after previous requisitions were made, the Prince declined it, and made a pre- both in his name, and in those of the cipitate retreat. We have since recei- Emperor and the Empress-Queen, hath ved accounts of a bloody battle, which marched his troops into Germany; there shall be inserted in our next.
to concur with all the states who are ani. According to a letter from RATISBON, mated with the same zeal, and in partia dated May 14. the French minister pre- cular with the King of Sweden, as a cosented to the diet there, on the 20th of guarantee of the peace of Westphalia, April, the following declaration, upon in maintaining the observance of the occasion of sending an armed force into 'public peace, and the treaties of Westthe empire.
phalia, and especially the liberty of the THE fame zeal that induced the three religions establifhed in the cem
King, in 1748, to concur in re- pire; in procuring to those allies of his foring the public tranquillity, made him Majesty who are unjustly oppressed or atwish that this tranquillity might be solid tacked, a proper satisfaction; and, in and laiting; and it is notorious that his fine, in re-establishing order and tran: Majesty hath done every thing in his quillity in Germany upon equitable and power to prevent the calamities of a new folid foundations. war: but seeing himself forced at length Such pure intentions will doubtless to take up arms to repel the unjust åg. lead the deficient members of the Gergression of the King of England, he hath manic body to place in them that confiased bis utmost endeavours to hinder the dence which they deserve; and will dis.
fipate the illusion of those chimerical ny, to concur with those estates in mainfears that are employed to reduce some taining their laws and liberties, in proProtestant states of the empire. The curing an adequate satisfaction to those treaty of Versailles, of the ift of May to whom it is due, and putting a speedy last year, instead of alarming any of end to the calamities of an intestine war. those powers, ought, on the contrary, His Majesty declares at the same time, to be a new ground of security to them, in the most express and folemn manner, considering the attention of the contract. that he doth not pretend to make any ing parties therein to renew, and ex. conquest on the territory of the empire'; pressly confirm the treaties of Westpha. that his troops will observe the most exlia, which are the strongest rampart of act discipline in it; and that as soon as the German liberties.
peace is restored, they shall be imme. The King hath hitherto been wholly diately recalled. employed, in preventing the war in the The King hopes that the Germanic empire before it was lighted up, and in body will do justice to the purity of the retarding its progress fince, and thereby motives by which his Majesty's resolu. procuring, in the speediest manner, the tions are determined; and that the elecsettoration of
peace. It is with this de. tors, princes, and states, will in concert sign that his Majesty hath made convensecond his upright intentions, which are tions and declarations of neutrality, both so agreeable to the general welfare of with the Emprefs-Queen, and the States. the empire.
DE MACKAU. General of the United Provinces ; and moreover, being more affected with the By way of supplement to this declacalamities of the empire, than with the ration, the Empress-Queen has commu. desire of a just revenge, he has consent. nicated to several courts with whom she ed that the Empress-Queen should make is in friendship, the conditions that were an offer of a like convention, in his proposed for bringing about a neutrality name, for the dominions which the King in favour of the electorate of Hanover, of England possesses in Germany, his According to the overtures made on this Majesty being desirous that this prince head, the King of G. Britain, in his eshould enter into the fame views with lectoral capacity, would have been conhim for the welfare of the empire. sidered as having no concern in the pre
In the mean time, the King repeats to sent war. His troops, and those of the all the princes of the Germanic body, princes allied to him, were not to act athe affurances he has already given them, gainst the troops of the Empress and her That the alliance which happily subfifts allies. He was likewise to engage, not between him and the Empress-Queen, to succour the King of Prussia, neither contains no direct or indirect ftipulation with or money. The passage against the rights of the empire, and e. through that part of his electorate fituaspecially against the Protestant religion : ted on the left of the river Aller, was to That the sole obje&t of the treaty of Ver. be granted to the troops of her Imperial failles, of May 1. 17;6, is the support Majesty and her allies, paying for what of the tranquillity of Europe in general
, provisions, forage, and waggons they and of Germany in particular : That should want in the country; befides the King will always keep in mind the which, they were to be allowed to efta. concern he ought to take in the glory blish magazines and hospitals in certain and prosperity of the Germanic body, parts of the electorate. · The town of both as an actual friend and ally of the Hamelen was to be put into the hands empire, and as a guarantee of its laws of the Empress, or one of her allies, as and conftirutions, by virtue of the trea. a deposit, or in the hands of the Empress ties of W'eftphalia : That it is with this of Ruflia, or the King of Denmark, view that his Majesty, agreeable to the who were proposed as guarantees of the defires of the principal fates which com- convention. Moreover, they were to pose it, marches an army into Germa. make a repartition of quarters for the
Hanoverian troops, whose number, by deal with a greatly fuperior army, which virtue of the proposed convention, could was obliged to advance, retreat, or not be augmented. -These terms have starve, he judged it prodent to put the been rejected.
Weser between himself and it. -The The King of Prussia lately remitted circumstances attending his palling that to the diet of the empire a declaration, river are very differently reported. The in which he complains of the entrance following account has been given us of the French into the states of Cleves, from Munster. “On the 13th, in the Meurs, and La Marck; and claims, by evening, Col. Fischer, with his corps virtue of the treaty of Westphalia, the and some detachments of grenadiers, atassistance of the einpire, not only to ob. tacked Bielefeld. He found there at lige those troops to retire, but also to first but little resistance; but the Prussians procure reparation of the damages they in the left wing of the Duke's army have occafioned. The Hanoverian ini. threw in a reinforcement, which made nister at Ratisbon has also delivered a re. a vigorous defence. At break of day script to the dictatorial commission of the this left wing, composed of Pruffians, empire, in which his Britannic Majesty, Hessians, and Brunswickians, was atas an elector, claims the asistance of the tacked, defeated, and driven from BieleEmperor, for the protection of his elec- feld; on which the right wing, confifttoral dominions, again the intended in. ing of Hanoverians, took to fight. Imvasion of them by the French. It is not mediately after the action, the French to be expected that any regard will be pitched their tents on the spot from paid to either of these requisitions. whence the allies had been driven.
The advices of 18,000 Prussians ha. They have taken ten pieces of cannon, ving joined the army of observation, af. besides several baggage-waggons; and sembling at Bielefeld, under the Duke have loft no officer of note. On the side of CUMBERLAND (246.), had been pre. of the vanquished party, there are seve. mature; though it appears that a rein. ral officers of rank
among the slain, para forcement had been intended. His R. ticularly the Generals Einsiedel and Highness having been informed, about Junckheim. On the 15th the French the middle of May, that the different corps made themselves masters of Hervord, of the French army assembled towards and it is reckoned they entered the town the Lower Rhine, and in the duchy of of Minden the 18th; so that they are Cleves, had received orders to march, upon the borders of the Weser, and not and that their motions seemed to be with far from the capital of the electorate of a design of advancing towards the We. Hanover.” ser, he posted most of his troops in the A letter from the French head quarbishoprick of Paderborn. When they ters at Rheda, dated June 14. after detook poffeffion of the city of that name, fcribing the attack, proceeds thus: “We they obliged the garrison, consisting of had one officer killed, five wounded, fix800 men, to march out, and to promise teen common men and several horses upon oath that they would not serve du- killed. The loss of the enemy amounts ring the present war. An agreement to 15 officers killed, Prussians and Ha. was also made with the regency, that noverians, and 45 wounded, 200 folwhatever was furniihed the allied army diers killed, 150 wounded, and upwards hould be paid for in ready money. On of 300 deserters, most of them Prussians." the roth of June the whole French ar On the other hand, the following has my was put in motion, directing its' been given as an extract of a letter from march from Wahrendorff to Rheda. A. the Hanoverian head-quarters at Holcbout the same time the Duke of Cum- zuysen, dated June 18. “On the afterberland withdrew his posts from Pader. noon of the 13th the Duke of Cumber. born and Ritzberg, after having eaten land, having advice that the enemy cau. up, or carried off, every thing that could fed a large body of troops, followed by be of service to his enemies. Having to a second, to march on our right to Burg
holte, gave orders to have his tent ta. fitions by the motions of the enemy. ken down, and the army to march that The little forage we had at Bielefeld was evening towards Hervorden. At the same burnt through mistake by our own time Maj. Gen. Hardenberg march people, as we were carrying it away.' ed, with tour battalions of grenadiers, The account published in the London and a regiment of horse, to reinforce the Gazette runs thus. Hague, June 24. post at Hervorden, where there were two We have letters from the head quar. battalions, and one regiment of horse, ters of the army upon the Weser, dated under Lt-Gen. Block. Count Schu- at Holtzhausen the 18th, which bring lenberg covered the left of our march an account, that from the 14th to the with a battalion of grenadiers, a re- 16th instant the Duke of Cumberland giment of horse, and the light troops had marched to the Weser, and passed of Buckleburg. The whole army marché that river without any interruption, not. ed in two columns. The right was com- withstanding an attack on the rearguard pofed of horfe, and, followed by two at Bielefeld and Hervord, in which the barcalions, to cover their passage through enemy was repulsed with confiderable the inclosures and defiles, passed by the loss. The loss on the side of the allied right of Bielefeld; and the left, of in. army consisted of 44 men, killed, wound. fantry, by the left of the same town. ed, and prisoners, of which number,
The vanguard of the French army one oficer is killed, and two wounded. attacked our rearguard, commanded by The French themselves own, that they Maj.-Gen. Einfiedel, very briskly, and at gained no advantage over the rearguard firit
put them into some confufion ; but of the allied army; and that they fuf. they immediately recovered themielves, fered confiderably in the attack." and a few cannon-shot loon disengaged The army of observation, since it was us from the enemy. This was in the joined by the Heffians returned from beginning of the night. At break of England, has been computed at 44,000 day the enemy's reinforcements return. effective men. Some say the French ed to the charge; but were always re- army in that quarter consists of 80,coo, pulled with loss; nor could they once but fickly. Their friends reckon thený, break through Lt.Col. Alfeldi's Hano- fome ai 100,000, others at above verian guards, which closed the army's 110,000. march, with a detachment of regular All the valuable effects which were in troops, and the new corps of hunters, the castle of Hanover, with the artillery who arrived but the day before, and are in the arsenal and on the ramparts, have greatly eiteemed for their bravery and been sent ellewhere, particularly to Stade, conduct. We have loft Lieut. Linstow, for the greater security; and his Britana a Hanoverian officer, and 10 or ! 2 sol- nic Majefly's fine ftud of horses has been diers. The enemy had about 100 both conveyed to Gohrde. "killed and wounded, among whom are We are informed by letters from Tuo several officers.---The arniy incàmped Nis, of April 27. that the evening beat Coroldt the 14th, and staid there the fore a conspiracy was discovered there, next day; when the enemy's detach. in which about 300 persons had enga. ments advanced to the gates of Hervor- ged, with a view of fubverting the forn den, and niade as if they would attack of government, having for that purpose the town, after having summoned it; appointed a new bey from among them but we answered this fummons so well, selves, and disposed of all the principal that they retired, and we have not seen posts, boch civil and military, in the them fince. The troops which were fame manner ; but that the plot being poited at Hervorden, and formed the discovered, several of the ringleaders rearguard, pafled the Wefer on the side were seized, and among others the prea of Remen, very quietly. We have in- tended new bey was killed, and his bocamped here everance the day before dy, after being dragged before the win. yesterday, and fhall regalate our difpo. dows of the castle, was torn to pieces ;