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An authentic account of the fiege and fur, was alarmed, mittaking the Spaniards
Wednesday 21. The Marlborough guard render of St Philips forts in the island Aying into the country for the enemy: of Minorca.
numbers of these Spaniards were brought [See a plan of the town and fort, vol. xviii. front- into the garrison by different parties. We ing p. 225. and notes referring to it, p. 348, 9.] could now plainly perceive the enemy at
, HE garrison was alarmed Cape Mola, on the opposite side of the Apr. 17. with the firit news of a harbour; and at night we doubled our large fleet of French transports being in piquets, and detached them into the fight.
town of St Philip's, to unhead all the Sunday 1 8. Part of Col. Rich's regi. wine casks; which they accordingly exement from the country brought an ac. cuted, ipilling the wine, and bringing count of the landing of their troops at all the empty casks into the garrison. Cieutadella. All necessary precautions These were of infinite service during the were immediately taken, the artillery fiege, in erecting blinds, traverses, and and additional gunners were stationed, other neceffary uses. A piquet of the and a resolute defence was determined. artillery and addicional gunners manned
Monday 19., The remainder of Col. those batteries which were most exposed; Rich's regiment arrived from Cieuta- and on this day the whole garrison were della, from whence they had retired, served with a pint of wine a man. leaving a corporal behind; who was Thursday 22. A fireship was funk made prisoner by the French. The by Gen. Blakeney's order; which was western signal-house guard also retired scarcely executed before an account arinto the fort. All Col. Cornwallis's re- rived that the French were advancing giment left Mahon, to reinforce the gar- from Elliore to Mahon ; upon which the sifon; and the General detached Lt.- General dispatched the drum-major of Col. Bufane with 200 men to observe the Col. Cornwallis's regiment, in military enemy's motion; who seeing no appear- form, to demand the reason of the French ance of them in the day, staid at Mahon King's troops landing in an hostile man.
ner, in his Majesty's island of Minorca. Tuesday 20. The General detached 100 A party of the enemy advanced as far men to reinforce Col. Bufane, and also as Mahon, and they posted a captain's detached a party to drive all the cattle guard at Middle Mount, which is half. they could find in the country into the way between Mahon and the garrison. fort. Upon this expedition two of our They also towed up the prizes to Ma. men were wounded by the Spaniards. hon, which had been taken by our men Our scoats brought advice that 12,000 of war. In the mean time no precau. of the enemy were on their march to tion was omitted by the General for fe. Mahon; on which Col. Bufane's party curity of the garrison retired into the garrison; as did likewise Friday 23. The drum-major returned, a party of miners employed in spring- 'having executed in due form the coming a mine, under the Grey Friery at misfion upon which he was dispatched. Mahon, in order to fill up the road After some short consultacion, he was which led to the garrison. Forty men conducted to the Duke de Richlieu, gebelonging to the regiments in Gibraltar, neral in chief, at Elliore, where he saw a and all the marines on board the men of numerous army on their march to Ma. war which lay in the harbour, were hon. He saw also fix pieces of cannon, commanded to reinforce the garrison; and a prince of the blood who came a and the British squadron, fix in number, voluntier upon this expedition. Upon failed out of the harbour ; Capt Scroope this information the Governor augment. having first, with 140 of his inen, joined ed the guards, and all was quiet for the the reinforcement, and sent the Defiance remainder of the day to tea under the command of his lieu. Saturday 24. We discovered the enetenant.
my's approach by hearing their drums
beat, and their morning-gun fire, and fire at the enemy where ever we saw foon saw their main body on their march them. between Middle Mount and St Philip's; Saturday, May 1. The Governor sent but suddenly disappearing, we appre- Capt. Chisell to the opposite side of the hended they had taken a circuit in order harbour, to examine if the enemy were to attack Marlborough fort, which is se. erecting any works there ; but perceived parated from the garrison by a creek of nothing. Our centinels who faced the che sea, called St Stephen's Cove. But in- town kept a smart firing all night, fupftead of attacking this fort, they incamp- posing great numbers of the enemy ed at about a mile and a half's distance there; who gave however but three or from the garrison. In the afternoon four fhot in exchange. their feet came in fight, and bore fo Sunday 2. The French fleet appeared near that we concluded they would at. some leagues to the W.; and in the aftempe to come in; but they kept crui- ternoon a large party of the enemy adfing all the next day round the harbour's vanced with implements for erecting mouth.
batteries towards Cape Mola: but our Monday 26. We could perceive, by fire from the fort killing a number of computation, upwards of 500 of the ene- their men, the rest were compelled to my marching to Cape Mola. The Duke take shelter behind the rocks, till night de Richlieu having dispatched a drum. favoured their design, when they began mer with a letter to our Governor, com to erect their first battery. plaisantly fent him a present of dry fruit; Monday 3. Between 2 and 3000 of the who in return sent him back fix bottles enemy were very discernible at Cape of English beer.
Mola, erecting a gun and bomb batteTuesday 27. The enemy took poffeffion ries. The Governor ordered a continual of the town of St Philip’s, and mounted fire from the castle, and Queen's redoubt, a guard at Stanhope's tower. Now ho- which did great
them. filities commenced by a few straggling A deserter from the enemy was killed on French; who fired from the town at the glacis by the centinels; who seeing some of the country, but without hurt to him fall, supposed he only meant to shelany. This however provoked our men ter himself from the fire of the garrison, to return the fire; by which one was till the contrary was found. killed and another wounded. The French Tuesday 4. Our cannon and mortars aggressors underwent the discipline of began to play at the enemy, which obe whipping through the camp for firing liged them to abandon their works. without orders. The French fleet ha- Capt. Theodore, with eight Greeks, ving gone to the westward, gave a small joined us in order to do duty; and the vessel from Genoa in ballast an oppor. day concluded with firing some bombs tunity of coming into the harbour. We at the enemy, as they returned to their had now the first order, that every per- works. fon bearing arms should be ready upon Wednesday 5. Their batteries being any alarm; in consequence of which, very conspicuous, we continued a brisk none undressed, or pulled off one gar- firing; which did great execution among
the men, and destroyed a great part of Thursday 29. All our provisions were their works. Our centinels from the removed to a magazine near the castle. Marlborough guard, killed one of their
Friday 30. The first cannon was fired engineers, disguised in a Spanish habit, from the garrison, at a party of the ene as he was viewing the fort. my who advanced to a point of land Thursday 6. The enemy had finished called Philippet, which itands in the a five.gun battery, and a three-mortar middle of the harbour fronting the gar. battery. We received orders to cannonrison. We supposed them engineers and ade them without intermiflion; which other officers who came to reconnoitre was executed with great bravery from oor works,
We now received orders to Charles fort, Cumberland battery, and VOL. XIX,
Queen's redoubt; but Charles fort only follower of Col. Rich's regiment, had continued the fire during the night. the ill fortune to be wounded. The e
Friday 7. The enemy's feet appeared nemy having erected two mortar-battein fight, which had not been seen for two ries in the town, our mortars and codays before. They were now twenty horns were directed to keep a continual four in number ; and because fo increa- fire upon that part of it. Lieut. Kennesed, we were apprehensive they had ta- dy of Col. Rich's regiment was detached ken some English merchantmen, a great by water round Cape Mola to make obfiring having been heard at a consider- servations on their works. able diítance at sea. This night a par Tuesday 11. The firing was continued ty was detached into town, to learn, if with the usual acrimony, and we had possible, whether the enemy were erect- one man wounded. ing any works there; when Serj Young, Wednesday 12. The French fleet came and a private soldier of the Royal Welch again in view, after four days absence. fusileers, were made prisoners, and re. We slackened our fire upon Cape Mola; mained so during the whole time of the and at night hearing the enemy at work siege.
in the town, we continued a brisk firing Saturday 8. The enemy opened the upon it: but the enemy opening a bombţwo batteries already mentioned, and an battery from the Quay, we with all the inceffant fire on both sides continued the vigilance and activity we were capable whole day. That of the garrison killed of, endeavoured to annoy them, till aSome of the enemy's gunners, and did bout eleven; when opening another batotherwise great injury to their batteries; tery of the same weight of metal, our while we on our part were not altoge- greatly exasperated men bent the fury of ther excluded from the common events another fire upon that; which made this of war, having had one man wounded night the hottest and most furious en. by the enemy, whose shot grasing along gagement of any we had hitherto seen, the touch-hole of a loaded gun, dischar. having exchanged upwards of goo shells ged it, levelled as it was at their own of different forts with the enemy. In all battery. Accident was at this time more this heat of action one of our bombar. hurtful to us than the French ; for two diers only, with three soldiers on the additional gunners from Ld Effingham's Queen's redoubt, were wounded, and regiment loading a cannon not well spun. one gunner unhappily lost his leg, by ged, the piece went off, and killed them one of our own mortars. þoth. In the night a party of the ene Thursday 13. Two of Ld Effingham's my advanced almost to our palisadoes, regiment were wounded. At night the and with undaunted bravery received enemy continuing their attack, a soldier and returned our fire for about ten mic of the Royal Welch fusileers was killed putes, when they thought proper to re. by a splinter of a fhell. țire.
Friday 1 4. Our centinels having woundSunday 9. They renewed their attack, ed a French soldier, braught him prisonwith the dawn, beat down one of our er; who affirmed, that the enemy were embrasures on the castle, wounded one then 25,000 strong; that transports had man by the splinters of their shells, and been dispatched for reinforcements and ihot away the yane of our flag-staff with a farther supply of ammunition; and a cannon-ball. In the night a detached that it was a prevailing opinion among party of about goo men attacked Marl, them, that the garrison must of neceflity borough fort; who were so bravely re speedily surrender. To this account he palied by a captain's guard of 50 men added, that they had lost great numbers only, that they retired with some loss, of their soldiers and subaltern officers ; and great precipitation.
and that by our fire on the preceding Ivonday so. An incessant firing was night they had thirty-four gunners killsenewed, and kept up with great resolu. ed. This day, we had but one man of tion on both sides. One oman only, a Ld Effinghani's regiment wounded. At
night the assailants and affailed kept an battery at Stanhope's tower; from both incessant firing. That of the enemy was which they played with equal briskness. but now, however, from their batteries The garrison observing that the aifail. in town, occasioned by one of their mor. ants opened their batteries very fast, in. tars being broken by our shells; but crealed their firing with great diligence ; that from Cape Mola was vigorous and and it may be truly said, there was no constant. Small parties of the enemy intermiflion, fave one fhort space, in advancing near our western lunette, were which Mr Boyd went to the enemy's foon repelled and driven back by the camp with a message from the Goverguards.
nor; at whose return both sides renewed Saturday 15. One of the enemy's shells their firing, till the enemy beat a parley; fell on the north counterguard among when an officer with a drummer came the cartridges and loaded shells, and set to the principal barrier ; but was refused ting them on fire, blew up a large stone admittance, because he would not subblind, broke one carriage, and buried mit to be hoodwinked. We had again
two guns in the ruins. This accident the mortification of a shell's falling a. B disconcerted us greatly. A soldier of mong our cartridges, which with two
Ld Effingham's regiment was wounded barrels of powder blow up, without furin the shoulder. During the night, how. ther damage. We loft two men by this ever, we kept an incessant fire; which day's action, one belonging to the fusithe enemy did not return with their usual leers, the other to Cornwallis's regiment, brikkness, being employed in raising a besides nine wounded. But night apbreaftwork for erecting a battery oppo- proaching, and the enemy's fire contifite the principal barrier. We also be- nuing, we sustained more damage by the gan to erect a battery just by the draw. recoiling of a bomb, than we had hitherbridge, near the N. W. ravelin. to done from all their efforts. This
Sunday 16. The French prisoner ex. bomb from Stanhope's tower recoiled pired of his wounds, and we had one of from the castle-wall into a place underCol. Rich's regiment and one of the neath the N. W. ravelin, otherwise vaWelch fufileers wounded by the splinters cant than as the habitation of the cooper of a shell. In the afternoon the enemy and a few others; where bursting, it set beat a parley, when an aid-de-camp fire to some powder, blew up part of the with a drummer defired admittance; ravelin, killed the cooper's wife, and alwho being blindfolded, and brought to most fuffocated the relt. Two men were the Governor, prodaced some pieces of killed this night at the work. lead bound with brass wire, which he Tuesday 18. Our officers viewing the afferted were fired from the garrison; breach, perceived a smoak ifluing from and declaiming upon the cruelty of such a large ftoreroom ; which being on fire, a practice among Christian powers, after when opened, the fiame by a vent raged fome short space was conducted back in with great fury; but by the diligence of the same manner. No sooner was the the soldiers was soon extinguished. The officer returned, but the garrison recei- smoak, however, not escaping the eneved the fire of the whole camp. It may my's observation, they kept a perpetual be remarked, that however juft the com- firing at the place, killed one of Ld Efplaint, no nation under the sun are more fingham's regiment; and a successive apt to fall into this error than the French. mell bursting instantaneous, tore away The Governor however made all poflible, three mens legs, and wounded several though fruitless inquiry, offering a re- others. There was no abatement of viward of 100 dollars to discover the per- gour on either side during this whole afson guilty of this unlawful procedure. ternoon, when we had four men more
Monday 17. The enemy began to play wounded. The garrison made a brisk their five-gun battery, opposite the prin- firing from Anftruther's fort, imagining, cipal barrier ; and not above 200 yards as it afterwards proved, the enemy were from our palisadoes; they also opened a erecting a new battery in the town: for
having fired a thirty-two pounder, which while working at the battery near the beat down part of a garden-wall, we dif- draw-bridge. covered the work almoit finished; when Thursday 20. Both sides kept á flow Mr Boyd visiting this quarter, and be- firing all the forenoon. In the afterholding the enemy's new battery through noon a brikker action commenced; when the chafm, orders were given to keep a we greatly damaged one of the enemy's continual fire upon it with four thirty. batteries, by one of our largest shells two pounders; which had the desired falling into it, which burnt part of it, effect. However, a little before day, though all posible means were used to they opened another battery, which, if prevent it. The garrison keeping a conI mistake noi, is called a requafee, be- tinual fire upon that quarter from our cause of the elevation of the guns, in cannon, mortars, and small arms, prewhich position less powder is requisite vented the enemy from extinguishing the than usual to guns mounted level. fire; and abandoning the battery, they
Wednesday 19. A thirteen-inch shell betook themselves to their small arms, falling in the castle-square, made its way and fired with excessive fury at our men into an apartment, the lodgment of some at the palisadoes: but to very little effect. failors, by syhich five were unhappily Another of our shells falling into one of buried under the suins, and two were their magazines, made a great explosion, wounded. The humanity of the soldiers and quite deftroyed it. We had two foon rescued the wounded, and recover- marines, and a woman belonging to the ed the dead from among the rubbish, in fusileers, wounded this day. At night order for burial. Another shell fell be- the enemy opened a bomb-battery upon tween two barrels of powder on the south Turk's Mount, whence they wounded counterguard, which blew up, and with two of Ld Effingham's regiment. We them one carriage and a few cartridges. could hear the enemy all this night We had a serjeant belonging to the ar. drawing carriages from Mahon into the rillery and a sailor wounded, both by the upper part of the town. fplinters of a shell. This afternoon the Friday 21. Two of Col. Cornwallis's garrison were in high spirits, in full ex men were wounded. In the morning pectation of relief upon seeing the Eng. the French fleet came in fight; and steerlil fleet arrive from the westward, under ing the same course which Adm. Byng the command of the Admirals Byng and took, we soon loft fight of them. Two Weft ; who firing three guns to leeward, deserters entered the garrison, bringing as a fignal of friendship, gave no further their arms with them from these, and proof of their being friends, nor were not before, we had the confirmation of They of any further service to us; when its being the English fleet, which we had our brave Governor, impatient to hear feen on the igth. They likewise informfrom the Admiral, determined at all e. ed us of frequent consultations held in vents to send a boat off; and according the camp, in order to itorin the garrison, ly fent Mr Boyd, with other officers, in which defign was only fufpended through the evening from St Stephen's Cove; disagreement about the manner of exewhere they were discovered by the ene- cution. Their final resolution, they addmy; who begin to fire their field-pieces ed, was, to divide their army into three and small arms at them from Turk's columns, that if one were destroyed by Mount, but without injury to any. How. Our mines, they might make a fresh atever, contrary to expectation, and to the tack in the same place by another cosurprise of every body, the fleet, instead lumn. They added, that upwards of of lying to, -made fail, and went off to 400 had been killed in the camp, as fea; and two tartans belonging to the many wounded, and a great number enemy chased the boat into the harbour, fick of various disorders. The night co. neither seeing nor hearing more of the ming on, the rigour of war seemed in feet. We had one man of Ld Eiting. slacken a little, by a slow firing on both ham's regiment wounded this night, fides till about midnight; when one of