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also that several more of the conspira. ted May 6. says, that they had then 400 tors being secured, the public tranquilli- Catawbas, Cherokees, Tuscororas, and ty was restored.

other, small tribes, who were going out Towards completing the French ar on fcalping-expeditions along with the my in Alsace, already taken notice of, provincial troops ; and that affairs in many of the regiments in Britany and that province were still in a perplexed Normandy, besides others that were in ftate, through incursions made on their the interior parts of the kingdom, fome frontiers by parties of French and Intime ago received orders to march thi. dians. ther. Since then we have not heard of According to several letters from New any new threatenings to invade G. Bri. York, dated in the beginning of May, cain.

Lord Loudon's army was then 20,000 According to a letter from Paris, da. Atrong. A confiderable number of transted May 20. an attempt had been dis. ports, fome fay 170, others swell the covered to excite the Protestants in the number to 200, were collected in that. fouthern provinces to a revolt, when the port, to take on board 9000 regular greatest part of the French troops were forces, that were then incamped in and abroad, or in distant places of the king- about that city and Rhode Illand. As dom. It is added, that several letters every thing was kept a profound secret, relating to this affair had been intercepi- no body could with certainty tell the de. ed, and that ftrict inquiry was making sign of this armament; but, by all conafter their authors; among whom were jectures, it was destined either for Cape fufpected to be two members of the pare Breton or Quebeck, whenever Adm. liament of Bourdeaux.

Holburne should arrive. The newf. Advices from the capital, of the 23d mongers were discharged to insert any of May, bore, that a negotiation was thing of Lord Loudon, or his army, or said to be on foot between his Most the preparations carrying op.

We are Christian Majesty and several persons of told, that the imbargo was taken off athe court, for accommodating the affairs bout the beginning of May, in meit, if of the parliament of Paris. Thus far not all of the provinces. Several vesthey say is certain, that the King was fels are lately arrived from thence in that day to go to the palace of La Meute, Britain and Ireland, with corn. where he had ordered the first president Advice was received at New York in and some members of that tribunal to the beginning of April, that from the attend.

19th to the 21st of March, a large body We are informed, that before the of French, Canadians, and Indians, roth of June orders had been sent for had made several attempts to storm Fort building two men of war of 80 guns, William Henry, one of the new forts and two of 74, at Brest; and that at built last winter, near Lake George ; Rochefort they had upon the stocks one but were bravely repulsed. The French of 80 guns, another of 54, and a fri. were provided with 300 scaling-ladders, gate of 36.

and all the apparatus for a general asAs to PLANTATION affairs: We are fault. On the 20th a message was sent told, by a letter from Lancaster in Pen. by M. de Vaudreuil, commander of the sylvania, of April 11. that about 125 French army, to the commanding affiCatawba Indians, all warriors, had cer at the fort, in substance, That he was marched for Fort Cumberland in the end averse to carrying on the war, and much of March and beginning of April, a regretted the mileries that attended it ; mong whom was King Hagler, who to prevent which, (as the British were swore he would have revenge for the loss the aggressors, in having made incroachof his son last winter at Fort du Quesne; ments on the French territories, and built and that there were between 3 and 400 forts on chem), he desired the fort migh: Cherokees on their march to join the be delivered up in a peaceable manner ; Catawbas. A letter from Virginia, da- promising the garrison all the honours of

Vol. XIX.

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war, and that they should be permitted this lafted not long ; and he soon refu. to carry off their most valuable effects ; med his barbarous habit, ill treating e. only begged that fomething might be very body about him, but more partileft to gratify the Indians; from whom cularly those of distinction; seizing all they needed be under no apprehension, as their riches and effects; and, for the he had regulars enough to protect the more certain execution of his purpose, he garrison from any violence they might strictly forbade the European nations to offer; and declared, that if they refu, give any of them any protection or retreat: sed to agree to these terms, he would which we and the Dutch have strictly immediately order a general assault to complied with. The English did not: be made, in which should he fucceed, but, on the contrary, they sheltered se. the garrison must take the consequen- veral at Golgotha (or Calcutta) who ces. To this message the commanding had very large sums with them. Saofficer of the fort replied, That his fixed radjot Dollah, being apprised of this, resolution was, to defend his Majesty's ordered the English to deliver them op garrison to the last extremity. Accord. immediately, with their effects, and ingly a furious assault was made, but the caused the fort at Cafíembuzar to be furassailants were repulsed with consider. rounded by 5 or 600 men ; assuring able lofs. The garrison had only seven them, if they did not comply forthwith, men slightly wounded; but two floops, they mould have cause to repent it. almost all the battoes, three storehouses The English were deaf to his summons, belonging to the provincials, and all the and obstinately refused to deliver up a huts of the rangers, were burnt by the single person; and sent him word from French. Some prisoners were taken, Caílembuzar, that if he did not withwho informed the garrison, that their draw his troops, they would instantly artillery had had good effect.

fire at them. The nabob, irritated at Several letters from America, dated this menace, and at their non-compliin the beginning of May, inform us, that ance with his orders, fent, two days af. a confiderable body of French regulars ter, (June 2.), about 20,000 men to were arrived at the Missisippi and His- join the 600, and seize the fort; which, paniola; and that they were under some though small, was regularly built, mountapprehensions of an invasion upon Southed 60 cannon, and had about 300 men. Carolina ; but that measures were ta. However, he deferred attacking it, till king, in that and the neighbouring pro- he had proposed a treaty of accommovinces, for their defence.

dation with Mr Watts, the chief; whom In our last we gave an account of the he summoned to confer with him in his disasters at Bengal, as brought by the tent, distant about a mile and a half, afBritish East-India company's ships, in saring him he should be no wise molefttwo letters, one from Bengal, and the ed. Mr Watts imprudently consented ; other from Bombay. We mall now in- and set out, with his furgeon, and three fert a letter from M. Durand, a gentle. or four Peons : but he was not got a man in the French Eaft-India compa- musket-shot distance from the fort, ere ny's service at Chandernagor, on the they manacled him with a turban, and Bengal coaft, dated July 2. 1756, which conducted him in that manner before is ftill more explicit and particular. the nabob ; who would not deign to

ALVEDEIKAM, nabob of Bengal, look on him, bat hurried him away to having died aboct two months ago, his Moxoudavat. nephew and godfon, Saradjor Dollah, Those who remained in the fort, on fucceeded him. This fucceffion occa: the loss of their chief, were forced to fioned much discontent and trouble ; surrender the next day, without having which, notwithstanding his cruel and exchanged a single shot. The Moors tyrannical disposition, he found means entered the fort, seized on every thing; to appease for some time, by some acis ill.treating the people, and leaving thear of kindness to the common people. But scarce a shirt to their backs; and a few

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days after fent them likewise to Moxou. &c. by representing to them that it davat, where they were put into different would be entirely secure in the fort, and prisons and holes.

that they had nothing to fear. Some The taking this fort greatly surprised were for sending their money here, all nations settled in India, but more which he opposed. He next caused all particularly the country-people; they the ladies to imbark, and retreated himhugged themselves in the expectation felf, greatly favoured by a thick smoke, that the English would defeat the na- which proceeded from the forehouse bob, and deliver them from his tyranny or magazine, which the Moors had set and oppression. How much they were fire to. mistaken, is but too evident.

The attack was very

brisk.

The Saradjot Dollah stopped not here, Moors getting on the tops of the houses, but, flushed with his successes, dispatch- fired at every one that appeared on the ed near 60,cco troops, with 300 ele. bastions; but, notwithstanding the heat phants, and 500 cannon, to Calcutta; of their fire, there were but five or fix writing at the same time to Gov. Drake, English killed that day; and of the to accommodate matters with him, by Moors it is computed 12 or 15,000 ; paying him his duty on the trade carried not from the execution of the fort, but on for fifteen years past; to defray the by eight ships who were then at an. expence of his army till his return to Mo. chor in the river. The igth, things xoudavat, as well as what he had been went on much as the day before. But at already; and to deliver up the Moor. the English, disheartened by the absence ish nobles, with all their effects, who of their governor, and of 100 men he were then in the fort. Mr Drake paid had taken with him, became faintno regard to this letter ; but on receipt hearted, and passed the whole night of a third or fourth, he tore it in pieces, boxing the jobber ; so that the next mornand trampled on it. The nabob being ing they were incapable to make any advertised of this, advanced by long manner of defence. However, they did marches towards Calcutta, where he as well as they could till two in the afterarrived the 17th. The English had two noon, when Mr Holwell, seeing himself passes, with three or four guns mounted deserted by almost every body, wrote to on each, and guarded by 50 men ; but the nabob to obtain a capitulation ; but they could make no resistance, and re finding he delayed returning any answer, tired to the fort. The Moors seized on he hoisted Moorish colours. This was sufCalldee, and were employed twenty- ficient. The Moors immediately threw four hours in plundering the houses, themselves in a body upon the fort, and stripping the inhabitants, men and broke open the doors; and although the women indiscriminately, leaving them nabob had given orders, that no body naked.

should be touched or hurt, yet several The 18th of June, at noon, they left people were killed, and all stripped naoff plundering, and the nabob ordered ked; and in that condition about 200 the fort to be attacked. Mr Drake were cast into so small a dungeon, that, thought no further of defending the on opening their door of confinement place, declaring himself to be a Quaker next morning, 140 were found dead. (who never fight), and resigning that The nabob being got into the fort, was business to his second. After which he greatly surprised not to find the treasure selected 100 men, to whom he caused he expected ; but Mr Drake had already provisions to be distributed, as if he in. withdrawn it all. There were in the tended to sally forth ; which in fact he fort about 4 or 500 Europeans, and 7 did, ordering the fort-door to be opened or 800 Topazes, &c. with ammunition which fronts the river Ganges, and con and provisions for four months at least. veying on board the ships the immenie Gov. Drake, on seeing the fori taken, sums of money he had got from different received on board the ships as many as people, Armenians, Moors, English, escaped from the town and fort, and

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bauled off, out of the enemy's shot. munition, &c. to act against the Eng. The next day they fell down the river, lidh; and had assured us, that on our about five or fix leagues, and kept a non-compliance he would divert the Moorish battery or fort so close on board, stream of bis present purposes against that they fired several shot at thein; but us, and we thould be the sensible mark with so little judgment, that they over- of his revenge. He, however, took Teached their topmast, and did them not our cafe into his confideration ; we hathe least damage. The ships are now at ving represented to him ftrenuously, that the entrance of the river, without pro. we were in want of troops, and their visions; and they have already lost two necessary supply, and other arguments, of their number which ran ashore, and much in the same strain. But the nawere immediately secured by the Moors. bob, no wise fatisfied with these excu

There were several ladies, natives of ses, and accusing as of fiding with the the country, whom the Moors took pri- English, on his return from Calcutta, soners, and will not release them with proceeded to Hughley, a Moorish town, out a considerable ransom for each sepa- fituated from hence about a league dirately. The amount of the money, &c. ftant, and fent us thence an embassy, Mr Drake is said to have secured on well escorted, insisting on the immediate board, is computed at 30 lack. mulct or payment of eleven lack

Three or four days after the taking of (123,750 1. Sterling,) between the Calcutta, the nabob issued forth a decla- Dutch and us. After many pro's and ration, that all the Armenians, English con's the Dutch paid down four lacks Christians of any denomination, and the and an half, and we three lacks. But common usual inhabitants of Calcutta, not complying thus with his whole demight return to the town, and that no mand, we were still fearful of what harm should be done them. But the might ensue; and therefore we all withday before yesterday, having received drew to the fort, resolved to defend our. advice, that the English ships were ma- felves to the utmost, urged and enforced king some fir, he ordered that every to do so by the late example of their individual should quit the spot within cruelty to the English, fo recent to our three days, and signified that he would recollection. But happily our fears cut off the noses and ears of such as were groundless. The nabob set out paid not due regard to his orders. He the next day for his fort at Moxouda. has already sent 200 pioneers to raze vat, to the entire pleasure and satisfacthe town to the ground. Cassembuzar tion of every one, as he is the worst of has met with the same fate, as has also neighbours. The country-people hereDaha, and some other places; having about call the Europeans banchots, i. e. wrote to the governor of Madrass, that cowards and poltroons. no English subject should hereafter fettle in Bengal. Last night about 400 fouls An account of the loss of the Doddington In. came over to us here, inhabitants of

diaman. Taken from the journal of Mr E. Calcutta, either Europeans, or country.

van Jones, late chief mate of that bip. people, amongst whom were captains May 27. 1755. Sailed from St Jago, of ships, supercargoes, or officers in em. with the Pelham, Houghton, and Streployments, foldiers, &c. The day be. cham, and left the Edgecote riding there. fore yesterday, the nabob fent .us Mr 28. Finding that we failed better than Watts, late chief of Cassembuzar, and the other ships, parted from them in his surgeon, and exacted from us a re. the night, by fteering a different course, ceipt, that they were in good order and and had a pleasant passage until we well condition on delivery.

made Cape le Gullas ; from whence we You may imagine, my dear Sir, that, took a freth departure July 6. We run during these tranía Elions, we were not a to the eastward, in lat. 35.1 half and 36 little uneasy, as he demanded from us, deg. S. until July 16. when, by the me. by frequent applications, 'forces, am- dium of fix journals, we made 12 deg.

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50 min. east longitude from Le Gullas. weather, and our melancholy situation,

Being that day, by obfervation, in made us wish impatiently for the day. lat. 35 deg. S. dirty fqually weather, But when the light came, it gave us vethe wind from S. S. W. to S. S. E. with ry little comfort; for we found ourselves a large fea, Capt. Sampson ordered the on a barren island or rock, about two course to be altered from E. to E. N.E. leagues from the main, which is laid We ran on that course from five to fe- down in the India Pilot in lat. 33. 30. ven knots per hour, with courses and and called Chaos. treble-reefed maintopsail, and double By a good observation with Hadley's reefed foretopfail; at midnight had 70 quadrant, it lies in 34 deg. S. lat. and miles on the board.. About a quarter Davis's quadrant in 33. 44. We were before one in the morning, the ship joined by some more who had been cast ftruck, and in less than twenty minutes athore, many of them miserably bruised was entirely wrecked.

against the rocks. Of 270 souls who : It was a dark and stormy night; and were aboard, only 23 were faved, viz. the only warning we had of our danger Evan Jones, chief mate; John Collett, was calling out, “ Breakers a-head and 2d; William Webb, 3d; Samuel Powto leeward.”

ell, 5th; Richard Topping, carpenter; The helm was immediately put alee; John Yedts, midshipman; Neil Bothbut before she came quite head to wind, well, Nathaniel Christholm, quarterThe struck lightly, and then stronger ; at masters, eight seamen, three captain's which time the fea broke directly into her servants, one furgeon's ditto, and three forward, stove the boats, and washed a matrosses. good many people overboard. Al We remained seven months on this though we used our best endeavours to miserable place, subsisting on fish, and get her about, it was to no purpose, the eggs of sea-fowls, with what provisions sea breaking all over her ; and the struck we found drove alhore from the wreck. so hard, that the mainmast went away During that time the carpenter

built by the board, and the rest of the masts large boat, which we rigged like a floop, foon followed. We could see no land. and called her the Happy Deliverance.

The ship continued lifting and stri. While on the island we made an atking with every sea, till unfortunately tempt to get provisions from the main, The at last laid down on her starboard by going over there in a small boat; but fide, and soon parted; every sea driving the natives drove us away, and one fome part

Bothwell lost his life on the expedition. As the larboard side and quarter was We found on the island the remains of now the only place above water, all two wręcks; one seemed to be a Dutch those who could, got there; she still ship, the other an English ; the latter kept driving towards the breakers, and least decayed, and by the iron-work the fea was covered with her wreck. seemed to have been much less than the As Capt. Sampson sat with me on the Doddington. It plainly appeared by quarter, he said he had pricked off that pieces of glass, and other things, that day at noon, and judged himself ninety fome unfortunate people had lived on leagues from the land, and imagined that place; and we could see the rethis to be some unknown rock, where mains of a habitation, by the stones bepoflibly the Dolphin was loft. We ex. ing regularly laid one on another. We pected every minute to be washed off were very healthy while on the island, by the sea ; and Capt. Sampfon bid us notwithstanding the great hardships and all farewell, and hoped we should meet fatigues we suffered by hunger and hard again in the next world. Soon after we labour. The 18th day of February were all washed off; and in a little 1756, we completed our boat, and fail. while, ten of us met on some ragged ed for Delagoa; but were so long on the rocks, and crept close together to keep passage, by currents setting to the southourselves warm. The leverity of the ward, that it was two months before

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