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arms of a Roman.Catholic party, so re In these he was rather abandoned markable of late for their loyalty ; who than luxurious, and, like our female li. embraced him gladly, and lulled him bertines, apter to be persuaded into deafleep with those inchanting songs of bauches for the satisfaction of others, fovereignty and prerogative, which the than to seek with choice where to please best and wiseft princes are unable to se- himself. I am of opinion also, that in fift.

his latter times there was as much of la. And tho'he engaged himself on that ziness as of love in all those hours he paflfide more fully at a season when it is in ed among his mistresses; who, after all, vain and too late to diffemble; we ought only served to fill his seraglio ; while a the less to wonder at it, when we con- bewitching kind of pleasure, called saun, fider our very judgments are apt to tering and talking without any restraint, grow, in time, as partial as our affec. was the true sultana queen he delighted cions; and that by accident he became in.. of their opinion in his weakness, who He was surely inclined to justice; for had fo much endeavoured always to nothing else would have retained him so contribute to his power.

faft to the succession of a brother, against He loved ease and quiet; to which a son whom he was so fond of, and the his unnecessary wars are so far from be, humour of a party which he so much ing a contradi&tion, that they are rather feared. I am willing also to impute to a proof of it; since they were only made his justice whatever seems in some mea. to comply with those persons whose dis, sure to contradict the general opinion of affection would have proved more un. his clemency; as bis suffering always easy to one of his humour, than aļl that the rigour of the law to proceed, not distant noise of cannon, which he would only against highwaymen, but also seoften listen to with a great deal of tran. veral others, in whole cases the lawyers, quillity. Besides, the great and almost according to their wonted custom, had only pleasure of mind he appeared ad. used sometimes a great deal of hardship di&ted to, was shipping and sea-affairs, and severity, which seemed to be so much his talent, His understanding was quick and lives both for knowledge and inclination, ly in little things, and sometimes would that a war of that kind was rather an foar high in great ones; but unable to entertainment than a disturbance to his keep up with any long attention or applithoughts.

cation ; witty in all sorts of conversa. : If

he did not go himself at the head of tion, and telling a story so well, that, not so magnificent a fleet, it is only to be out of pattery, but for the pleasure of imputed to that eagerness of 'military hearing it, we used to seem ignorant of glory in his brother, which, under the what he had told us ten times before ; phew of a decent care for preserving the as a good comedy will bear the being royal person from danger, ingrossed all often seen. ****** * * * А that fort of honour to himself, with as wonderful mixture! lofing all his time, much jealousy of any other's interposing, and setting all his heart on the fair sex as a king of another temper wopld have yet neither angry with rivals, por in the had of his. It is certain, no prince least nice as to the being beloyed. And was ever more fitted by nature for his while he sacrificed all things to his mie country's interest, than he was in all stresses, he would use to grudge and be his maritime inclinations; which might uneasy if they loft a little of it again at have proved of fufficient advantage to play, though never so necessary for their the nation, if he had been as careful in diverfion ; nor would he venture five depressing all such improvements in pounds at tennis to those servants who France, as of advancing and encoura- might obtain as many thousands either ging our own. But it seems he wanted before he came thither, or as soon as he jealousy in all his inclinations. Which left off. leads us to consider him in his pleasures. Full of diffimulation, and very adroit

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at it; yet no man easier to be imposed rules of physiognomy: for with a most on; for his

great dexterity was in co- saturnine harsh sort of countenance, he zening himself, by gaining a little one was both of a merry and merciful dispos way, whilst it cost him ten times as fition; and the last thirty years of his much another; and by caressing those life were as fortunate, as those of his fa. perfons moft, who had deluded him the ther had been dismal and tumultuous. oftenett; and yet the quickest in the If his death had some appearance of world for spying such a ridicule in another. being untimely, it may be partly impu

Easy and good natured to all people ted to his extreme healthy constitution, in trifles, but in great affairs severe and which made the world as much surpriinflexible; in one week's absence for: sed at his dying before fixty, as if nos getting those servants, to whose faces thing but an ill accident could have kills he could hardly deny any thing.

ed him. I would not say any thing on In the midst of all his remifsness, so so bad a subject, if I did not think fic induftrious and indefatigable on some lence itself would in such a case fignify particular occasions, that no man could too much ; and therefore, as an impar. be able to toil longer, or be able to ma- tial writer, I am obliged to observe, nage better,

that I am assured the most knowing of He was so liberal as to ruin his affairs his physicians did not only believe him by it; for want in a King of England poisoned; but thought himself so too, turns things upside down, and exposes not long after, for having declared his a prince to his people's mercy. It did opinion too boldly. yet worse in him ; for it forced him to But here I must needs take notice of depend on his great neighbour of France; an unusual piece of justice, which yet who played the brother with him suffi- all the world has almost unanimously a ciently in all those times of extremity. greed in ; I mean, in not suspecting his Yet this profuseness of his did not so successor of the least share in fo horrid a much proceed from his undervaluing a- villany. And perhaps there never was ny sums of money he did not see. But a more remarkable instance of the wona he found his error in this, though I con- derful power of truth and innocence; fess somewhat of the latest.

for it is next to a miracle, that so unfora He had so natural an'aversion to all tunate a prince, in the midst of all those formality, with as much wit as most disadvantages he lies under, should yet men ever had, and as majestic a mien, be cleared of this by his greatest enethat he could not on premeditation ac mies, notwithstanding all those circumthe part

of a king for a moment, either stances that use to give suspicion, and in parliament or council, in words or that extreme malice which has of late gestures; which carried him to the ó- attended him'in all his actions. ther extreme, more inconvenient for prince of the two, of letting all diftinc. On ECHARD's and Bishop BURNET's Hiftories. tion and ceremony fall to the ground, as G

IL's history appears to me useless and foppish.

Political anatomy;

A case of skeletons well done,
His temper both of body and mind

And malefactors

was admirable, which made him an ea His sharp and strong incision-pen,
sy generous lover, a civil obliging hur. Historically cuts up men,
band, a friendly brother, an indulgent

And does, with lucid skill, impart,
father, and a good-natured master. If

Their inward ails of head and heart. he had been as solicitous about impro

Laurence proceeds another way,

And well-dress'd figures docs display,
ving the faculties of his mind, as he His characters are all in flesh,
was in the managing of his bodily health, Their hands are fair, their faces fresh;
(though, alas ! this proved unable to And from his sweet'ning art derive
make his life long), that had not failed

A better scent than when alive;
to have made it famous. He was an

He waxwork made to please the fons,

Whole fathers were Gil's skeletons. illuftrious exception to all the common


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L ESSAY S. Vol.xix, A SONG. By a Noble Lord. Revolve each weighty matter in my breast, Efolv'd, as her poet, of Calia to sing,

, before I , to ; spring;

Nor care to speak, till able to persuade. To Áowers loft blooming compar'd the sweet maid ;

Anon I seek in hiftry diff'rent scenes, But howers, tho' blooming, at ev'ning may fade. And active fancy mighty chiefs convenes. Of sunshine and breezes I next thought to write, Here Cafar strikes me with triumphant sway, Of the breezes fo foft , and the sunshine so bright; Here the Boyne reddens, deep with gore disain’d,

While fwoln tumultuous Rubicon gives way. But these with my fair no resemblance will hold, Where Belgic William vi&'ry's laurel gain’d. For the fun fets at night, and the breezes grow

muse reflective on dread record,

And try the justice of the victor's sword.
The clouds of mild ev’ning array'd in pale blue,
While the sou-beams behind them peep'd glitter- Who utters all bis eloquence anew.

Now with new joy my Tully I review,
ing through;

At once my judgment by his art is caught, Tho' to rival her charms they can never arise,

His nervous style, his energy of thought: ''Yet, methought, they look'd something like Ce. His pow'rful tongue still Cafar's wrath restrains lia's sweet eyes.

And still unrivald o'er each heart he reigns. These beauties are transient, but Celia's will last, Oft as I please to Pindus I repair; When spring, and when summer, and autumn Say, O ye muses! how transported there! are palt;

Old Homer, mounting on his daring swan, For tense and good humour no season difarms, Exalts my soul, and makes me more than man. And the foul of my Celia enlivens her charms. The Mantuan bard with greater caution tries, At length, on a fruit-tree a blossom I found, To mount, and gains, by slow degrees, the skice. Which beauty display'd, and shed fragrance a- Arms and the man diviner thoughts infuse, round;

And pious greatness sanctifies the muse. I then thought the muses had smild on my pray'r, At leisure now he calls us to the plain, This blossom, I cry'd, will resemble my fair! To sport with shepherds, or with them complain : These colours so gay, and united so well,

Now in his page the various seasons rise; This delicate texture and ravishing smell,

Here fwains and Aocks are scorch'd by summer's Be her person's sweet emblem! but where shall Here winter casts its horrors wide around, (fkies; In nature a beauty that equals her mind! (I find And stagnant streams in icy chains are bound.

Thus let me still my mind's whole strength This blossom fo pleasing, at summer's gay call, And view the past with retrospective eye; (apply, Muft languish at first, and must afterwards fall;

Make all the labour of whole ages mine, But behind it the fruit, its fucceffor, Ihall rise,

Content, if bright, with borrow'd rays to shinc. By nature disrob'd of its beauteous disguise. So Calia, when youth, that gay blossom, is o'er,

To Mistress A-T of P-D. By her virtues improv'd, shall engage me the more;

(arts, When her merit is ripen'd by love and by time, Immers'd,

,-nor mindful of the beauteous Lond. Chron.

G. R. That whilom pleas'd my thoughts, and tun'd ON STUDr. Ree from the dull impertinence of chat,

As love or friendship warm’d the joyous heart,

What charm can loose the fetter'd muse what Free from the smart societies of wit,

Wake into life the long.neglected lyre, (theme And coxcombs laughing at their own concit;

And tune to melody the vocal string? Free from the graver topics of the gown,

Now Youth is filed, and Beauty charms no more: The Jawyer's quibble, and the zealot's frown;

But though not Beauty, Virtue can inspire. My book I court, and from the silent page,

Time's direful scythe the power of Beauty crops, Imbibe the wisdom of the faint and fage. But Virtue strength and vigour gains from Time. Pleas'd I review the firft records of time,

What though the rose that bloom'd in Chloe'scheek, The most authentic, and the most sublime.

The fire that sparkld in that piercing eye, With heav'n's almighty fiat I begin,

No more alarm? yet Chloe's matchless sense And view its image, yet untaught to fin.

Improves, and brightens, as the years roll op. Next sin its dire contagion spreading wide,

Come then, dear nymph, with Virtue in thy When by one death succeeding ages dy'd.

For Virtue ever present guides thy steps; train, The plan of beav'n with wonder I pursue,

"Come then, dear nytiph, and harmonise my song, Till the old work stands finish'd in the new;

For Harmony with thee for ever dwells; 'Till life by One succeeding ages gain,

Come, and unfold the volume of thy life, And Satan plots to curse the world in vain.

That I may copy the instructive page, With rev'rence clos’d, from facred books I turn, And teach thy fex the paths they ought to tread. And what the schools of science taught, I learn.

Manse of E---n, I enter oft the rigid Samian school,

July 19. :757.

Unfinished. In Silence study, and fubmit to rule;


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my song

Edinburgh, July 25. 1757.

dred as we are from heaven, become

the more noble, che more special objects An account of the design of the Society in of our love and compassion. When these

Edinburgh for promoting religious know- fouls are ready to perish, and may be
ledge among


faved, what thall be said of the heart T a time when a national spirit ap- that does not pity, of the hand that

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ward industry, and cultivate the arts of That multitudes, even in this land peace; when a spirit of humanity pre- of light, are ready to perish through vails fo remarkably for relieving the lack of knowledge, through ignorance poor, the aftsicted, the diseased; it is of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ, hoped, that a plan to supply their more whom to know is life eternal, is, be important wants, by spreading among yond question, a melancholy truth; whaç them the knowledge of Christ, and of condition, then, so proper to excite our his salvation, will meet with a favour. Christian sympathy in all its bowels, in able reception.

all its energy and ardour, to relieve? With a view to this, and encouraged The beholding mankind in this mi, by the success of a society lately erected serable state so excited the love of God, in London, fome ministers and gentle. that, to deliver them, he spared not his men in and about this city, in the year own Son. And surely, if God so loved 1756, entered into a society and sub- us, we ought also to love one another (a). scription for diftributing the facred fcrip. The same loving spirit was in the Son tures, and some plain practical books, of God; who, though he was rich, for among the poor and ignorant, gratis ; our fakes became poor, that we, through and do now call on their Christian bre- bis poverly, migist be made rich (b). The thren to join with them in carrying on like benevolent mind appeared in the athe same charitable, interesting design. postles, and first followers of the Lamb,

This method of promoting religious who went about doing good to the boknowledge does not, cannot interfere dies and to the souls of men; and we with other schemes of liberality; nei- find all Christians required to walk in ther is it meant to diminish them: on the same steps. Be je followers of God, the contrary, it tends more highly and as dear children, says the inipired apostle, effectually to advance them; fobriety, and walk in love, as Christ also hath loved one of the great objects of religious in- usíc). Let the same mind be in you which struction, being, of all things, the most was in Chrif Telus (d). And, Look not friendly to industry.

every man on his own things, but every The fociety indeed do not confine man aljo on the things of otbers (e). To their views to the police of the country love our neighbour as ourselves (f), is alone, nor even to the present life ; an effential branch of the royal law, in they consider this matter in a further keeping of which it may be said, with and much higher light: their scheme peculiar propriety, there is great reward. extends beyond the narrow limits of While we communicate comfort to o. mortality, and proposes to make men thers, the action rebounds, and the lahappy when this world, and all the fa. bour of love returns into our own bofom. shions thereof, shall have passed away ; Here, then, both our duty and inwhen admired arts, and the best im- terest, the most amiable precepts, and proved country, shall be no more. the most fhining examples, happily 4

Works of charity and love, of every nite in recommending thie present pious, kind, are good, and praist-worthy; for charitable design. But those who ala God is love, and what is like God, taught from above the true value of must be excellent. The bodies of our souls, by being themselves par. fellow-inen being allied to us as we are

(a) 1 John iv. 11. of the earth, claim 'our friendly regards;

(d) Phil. ii. 5.

(b) 2 Cor. viii. 9. (0) Phil. ii. 4. but their immortal souls being our kin. (0) Eph. V. 5. 2. (1) Matth. xxii. 39. you. XIX.

3 D


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takers of redemption by Jesus Chrift, liness, and endless peace; and hereby will need no other argument to influ- also they shall do real service to their ence their conduct. They know, from country, and to mankind, by rendering experience, what a vast boon is obtain. men better parents and children, more ed when one soul is saved from death ; agreeable neighbours and friends, more when the multitude of any one man's useful servants and members of society : fins is covered (g): and, because of and who knows what store of blessings their own obligations to mercy, will the prayers of such persons may procure consider themselves as debtors both to the for their generous and kind benefactors? Greeks and to the barbarians, both to the The method now proposed may be wise and to the unwile (5).

also viewed as a jult acknowledgment Influenced by fome measure of this of the kindness of providence, in favourspirit, animated, they truft, in fome de- ing this last age of the world with the gree, by those motives, this fociety pu- art and invention of printing. By em. blishes to the world their small begin- ploying this furprising discovery for pronings. They wilh well to the wise and pagating to every corner of the earth, the wealthy : their prayers for them are, for sending to every eye, the knowledge that they may employ for the great pur- of God, and of salvation by his Son, poses of eternity the multiplied means we comply with his gracious design, of of knowledge and salvation which they having the gospel preached to every enjoy. The poor they pity; and, deep- creature, and the manifestation of the ly affected with their deplorable igno- truth made to every man; that if the rance, they would open among them gospel be bid, it may be hid only to them the fountains of saving knowledge con- who are lojt (k), tained in the holy scriptures, and other Zeal to use the press for this great books of plain instruction, or of warm end is become the more necessary, that persuasion to a religious life.

evil men and seducers are so indefati. By setting on foot a subscription for gable in polluting the world, (and, alas! this purpose, the society mean to give to with too much success), by sending forth, such as have truly tasted that the Lord through this channel, swarms of books of is gracious, and, from his bounty, have the worst tendency, both as to the prin to spare of this world's goods, the with. ciples and morals of mankind. These ed-for opportunity of honouring him with are scattered every where, and unhap, their substance ; in a way, too, which pily read by some of the lowest rank, to them must be very dear, by commu. and weakest understandings. Who then nicating to others the same heavenly that fears God, and loves fouls, can see bread which so oft has satisfied, and the press pouring out so much poison, the same living waters which fo feason. and not be concerned, at the same time, ably have refreshed their own souls. to improve it for conveying proper an

They hereby alio invite the benevo. tidotes? lent among men, to exert, on this, as In this manner, formerly, have wise on the best occasion, their liberality. and good men preached the gospel to Such have often felt the pleasure of the poor.

That excellent and publicfeeding the hungry, of clothing the na- spirited minister of Christ, Mr Gouge, ked, and making the widow's heart to when filenced for non-conformity in ting for joy; by this they fall feel a England, became, in this way, an apleasure itill more divine, that of saving poitle to Wales * The most honourafouls from death (i). Hereby they ble of men, Mr Boyle, through this chanThall become the happy instruments of nel, poured mercies upon the world t. guiding poor benighted creatures, now All the societies in Germany, Denmark, firing in darkness and the shadow of Britain, and Ireland, employed in prodeath, to the paths of knowledge, ho.

(k) 2 Cor. iv. 3. ($) James v. 20. (i) James v. 20. Vide Tollotson's funeral sermon upon Dr Gouge. (h) Rom. i. 14.

| Vide Burnet's funeral sermon upon Mr Boyle.


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