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40 40 40
with five companies of rangers; in all a They write from Virginia and Pensylbout 5300 men.
We are told, that vania, that the French and their Indians Maj. Gen. Webb commands at Albany, have begun dreadful ravages, byfcalping, and the forts on Lake George, and has murders, &c. on the back settlements with him near 8000 men; that Col. of those provinces; and that several Stanwix of the Royal Americans, com- parties of Indians in the British interest mands to the westward of Pensylvania, have been pretty active and successful in towards the Ohio, and has near 3000 making reprisals. A letter from Virgimen ; and that Lo-Col. Bouquet com. nia, of June 4. fays, that the day be. mands the forces in South Carolina, fore the assembly of that province passed The Governor of the latter province a bill for giving 80,000 1. for the King's has, it is said, prevailed on some hun- service. A militia-bill has been brought dreds of Indians to take up arms against into the assembly of Pensylvania, but the French
dropt through the influence of the QuaThe three squadrons that failed from kers; and party-divisions there are faid France for America fince the beginning to be almost as bigh as ever. of the current year, are now said to “Whitehall, July 23. By letters from have all joined at Louisburg. The fol. Vice-Adm. Watson, dated the gift of lowing is given as a complete list of the January, off Calcutta in the river HaghBritish and French feets in different ley, there is an account, That having parts of North America,
failed the 16th of October laft, with all BRITIS H. In all 1598 guns.
the squadron, and the Walpole and
Marlborough Indiamen, from Madrass
for Bengal, he anchored, after a tedious Newark
Ro Eộterprise Terrible
passage, on the 5th of December, in 74 Ludlow - Calle Invincible 74 Gosport
Ballasore road; and having crossed the Captain 70 Fowey
26 Braces on the 8th, proceeded up the ria Nassau 70 Nightingale
ver, and arrived at Fulta on the 15th ; Orford 70 Success
where he found Gov. D.rake and the Bedford
70 Kennington Grafton
gentlemen of the council on board such 70 Port-Mahon Northumberland 70 Winchelsea
30 ihips and vessels as had escaped falling Defiance
60 Baltimore 16 into the hands of the Moors. As the piNottingham 60 Jamaica
16 lots would not take charge of the ships Tilbury 60 Hawke
16 till the springs were over, the Admiral Kingston
16 could not proceed higher till the 28th ; Sunderland 60 Furnace
when he failed with the Kent, Tyger, 60 Hunter
Salisbury, Bridgewater, and King's-fish-
14 er floop. The next afternoon Col. Arc-en-ciel 50 Spy
Clive was landed, in order to march, Centurion
50 Gibraltar's prize 12 and attack Busbudgia fort by land, at FRENCH. In all 1516 guns.
the same time that the squadron appearShips
Guns ed before the place ; which' anchored,
and began to cannonade about eight o' Formidable Vaillant
clock in the morning on the 30th ; and, Tonnant
64 at balf past eight, the King's troops Defenseur 74 Inflexible
were landed to support Col. Clive. The Diademe 74 Greenwich
Thips soon silenced the enemy's fire; and, 74 Heros
Frigates. at leven in the evening, 100 leamen were Hector
30 Janded under the command of Capt. Dauphin Royal
30 King. At half past eight, the body of the Superbe 70 Sauvage
fort was on fire ; and, immediately after, Bizarre
64 Fleur de Lys Glorieux
news was received that the place was ta. 64 Comete Sage 64 Bienacquise
28 ken; but the few people in it had all ea Achilles 64 Hermione 26 scaped, One of the company's cap
74 74 70
30 30 30
tains was killed, and four soldiers wound-, jor Killpatrick; and every thing being cd. This fort was extremely well fitu- prepared, they failed the 5th of Januaated for defence, having a wet ditch ry, under the command of Capt. Smith, round it; but badly provided with can- of the Bridgewater; and, on the rith, non, only 18 guns, from twenty-four the Admiral received an account of the pounders and downwards, and about 40 taking that place, in which was found barrels of powder, with ball in propor. 20 guns, from twenty-four pounders tion, being found in it. On the ift of downwards, with a quantity of ammu. January the Kent and Tyger anchored nition. The city of Hughley has fince between Tanna fort, and a battery op- been burnt and deftroyed, together with posite to it; both which the enemy a- the granaries and forehouses of salt, fsbandoned as the ships approached. A. tuated on the banks of each side the ribout 40 guns, fome twenty-four pound- ver; which will be of great prejudice to ers, and all mounted on good carriages, the nabob, as they contained a fore for with some powder and ball, were found the subsistence of his army while in that in this fort and battery; and the Admi. part of the country." Lond. Gaz. ral left the Salisbury as a guardship to The news of the retaking of the fetprevent the enemy from regaining them. tlements in Bengal was brought by the In the night the Admiral sent the boats, Syren, a country-built noop, of war, manned and armed, up the river, to commanded by Mr Jones, late chief burn a ship and some vessels said to be mate of the Doddington Indiaman filled with combustibles; which was ex. [316.], which left Bengal on the ad of ecuted without oppofition. The next February; and Mr Holwell, who commorning, early, the company's troops manded in Calcutta when taken, brought were landed, and immediately began the express :o the India house. The their march to Calcutta. The Kent and Delaware Indiaman was to fail from Tyger foon after proceeded up the river, Bengal for England in the end of Fetogether with the 20 gun ship and floop. bruary, with the merchandise found in Ai 40 minutes after pine the enemy be. the factories, little of which had been gan to fire upon the Tyger, from their removed by the Moors. Mr Clive, batteries below Calcutta ; which they a. chief commander of the land-forces in bandoned as the ships approached. At this expedition, writes thus, Feb. I. 20 minutes past ten, the Tyger and 1757. “ I have now the pleafure to inKent made a very warm fire, insomuch form you, that fuecess hath attended our that the enemy were soon drove from army hitherto by sea and land. Cal. their guns, and prelently after ran out cutta is retaken and fortified, and the of the fort ; which Capt. Coote, with second city in this province is taken by the King's troops, and an officer from form and plundered. We are incampthe Kent, entered a little before eleven. ed with our little army, and the nabob Four mortars, 9! guns of different sizes, at the head of 40,000 men upon the and a considerable quantity of all kinds march to give us battle. I am in hopes of ammunition, were found in this fort. every thing will be concluded to the The ships have suffered very little in their company's advantage, though not in so maits, yards, and rigging, and have on. glorious a manner as I could wish.” ly lost nine seamen and three soldiers A letter from on board the Kent, dar killed, and twenty-fix seamen and five tęd Feb. 1. contains the following partifoldiers wounded. An expedition was culars. "We sailed from Fulta, Dec. then proposed against Hughley, to be 21. and on the 29th, at night landed at executed by the 20 gun fhip and Alcop, Maypow, four miles from Bugi fort. the boats of the fquadron manned and The 30th, in the morning, we were got armed, affitted by all the King's troops within two miles of the fort. About 'amounting to 170, the company's gre. eight, the Kent, Tyger, and Salisbury, nadiers, and 200 Seapoys, which were began a most furious cannonade. A13 be landed under the command of Ma. bout sen, we were alarmed by the ene
in my; and soon after, a body of 3000 The first hundred French prisoners
horse were within pistol-shot of us. We that were taken before the declaration ftood the shock, and obliged them to re. of war, were shipped off at Portsmouth
treat, though they rallied several times for Cherburg, July 6. In the room of 4 with great resolution. The engagement 87 'boys sent to France, they returned
lasted an hour. They left near 500 20 men. A vefsel full of French primen in the field, with horses, camels, soners failed from Portsmouth, July 18.
and one elephant. Ens. Ker, a relation with a flag of truce, for Havre-de-grace. The of Lord Ancrum's, was killed: Our An order is made, that the British perhe loss otherwise was inconsiderable. At prisoners brought back in return, shall
ten at night we stormed the fort. Capt. not be impressed, but may have their Dougald Campbell, going on the bastion liberty, or enter on board his Majesty's to forbid firing from without, was un- ships, in which case they' are to have fortunately killed. Calcutta held out two months pay in advance, and a only half an hour. They had no no. month's leave to see their friends. tion of our being able to take it, as From the goth of June to the 30th of
they had built an elegant mosque, and July there were imported no less than hin left the company's warehouses almost 35,715 gallons of brandy into the port
full of goods. We have a fortified camp of London only, and, what is remark
about four miles distance, where we ex. able, about 8793 quarters of wheat. Het pect an engagement foon, as a body of Besides this there has been a vast impor.
Moors are about twenty miles diftant. tation to other ports: and as all expor When Calcutta was taken in June 1756, tation is forbidden for a certain time, Lieut. Scott, the Colonel's nephew, no demand from the distillery, the ports Buchanan of Craigievern, Licut. Simp. fill open, and the crop on the ground fon, and a son of Sir James Johnston of plentiful, it is expected the middling Wefterhall, were killed.'
wheat will in a few months fall to half
a crown the bushel, to the ruin of ma. ENGLAND.
ny poor farmers, who are as much to In a letter from Portsmouth, of July be pitied as the overgrown ones are to 25. it is said that fourteen regiments be cenfured. are appointed for a secret expedition, Watkin Morgan was committed to in which the Admirals Hawke, Knowles, Caermarthen gaol July 13. for uttering and Broderick, are to command ; that counterfeit moidores and 36 s. pieces. a number of battering cannon and fca- The dates of the former are all 1722, ling ladders are imbarking; and that of the letter 1747. They looked quite all the ships are ordered to have their fresh, and were full weight, but thicko provisions augmented to a fix months er in the middle than the true pieces. voyage.
very hot press to man this
IR É LA N D.
On the 1st of July the two highland mitted to escape by protections. In the battalions, Montgomery's and Fraser's, end of July the troops began to imbark. failed from Corke for North America,
Vice-Adm.Townshend arrived at Portf. under convoy of the Falkland, Entermouth, July 16. in the Roebuck, Capt. prise, and Stork floop. Holwell, from Jamaica; on which station
At a meeting of the corporation of he was relieved by Rear-Adm. Coates. brewers and maltīters in Dublin, July 2. Vice-Adm. Boscawen, in the Royal they came to the following resolutions,
viz. " 1. That the freedom of this corGeorge, with the Royal Sovereign, arrived at Portsmouth, July 27. from the poration be presented to the Rt Hon. bay. The Namur, Torbay, and Med. William Pitt and Henry Bilson Legge, way, put into Plymouth. The Admiral Elqs, in testimony of this corporation's had no fuccess in his cruise.
Tespect for minifters, who, during a short
administration, uniformly endeavoured ann; and the latter claiming the whole to check the corruption so fatally pre- ftipend 1756, because he was admitted vailing ; to restore public economy, and before Whitsunday.-
Both parties make temperance fashionable ; to re- admitted, that by the act 1672, cap. 13. duce the salaries, and lessen the number which is confessedly the rule, a mini. of useless placemen; to revive the love fter has right to half the year's stipend of arms, and reconcile a military to a if he survive Whitsunday, and to the commercial spirit; and to make the go. whole if he survive Michaelmas.For 'vernment of G. Britain beloved by Bri. the executors it was pleaded, That in. tons, happy to the subjects united with the cases of heirs and executors, of them, and respected by foreign powers. terce,courtesy, and adjudication, the new 2. That the master do transmit faid free- style is undoubtedly the rule; and that dom to the Rt Hon. William Pitt and the new style must be the role in all cases Henry Bilson Legge, Esqs."
after it has taken place, otherwise there By the middle of July, there were appears to be no reason why it should be employed, under Mr Omer, for carry. the rule in any case happening in a fuing on the inland navigation (320.], on ture period; contrary to the plain intenthe new canal 1000 labourers, on the tion of the statute : That the new style Shannon 600, on the Boyne 300, on fixes the term at which dies cedit, or the the Laggan-300, on the Newry 400, right is vested ; and that this has no conbesides 500 masons, stone-cutters, car. nection with the conventional term, at penters,
&c. and exclufive of many hun. which dies venit, or payment may be dreds employed under Mr Ockenden. exacted: and, That the term of Whit
Mr Whitefield preached, in the even- sunday, which of old was the same with ing of Sunday July 3. to a mixed mul. the moveable feast, was by the act titude, in Oxmancon green, Dublin ; 1693, cap. 24. fixed to the 15th of but after he had advanced pretty far in May; but that though all the ministers his discourse, the mob pelted him so un- then in Scotland had entered to their bemercifully with stones, that with much nefices and stipends, either by the ado he escaped with life.
moveable feast of Whitsunday, or by
Michaelmas, it never entered into one's SCOTLAND.
thoughts to doubt, that the right of their Nine companies of highlanders are executors was to be determined accordimmediately to be raised.
ing to their survivance of the fixed term The following question was decided established by the fatute, in place of by the court of feffion on the 24th of the moveable one repealed. June, viz. Whether the determination on the other hand, pleaded for Mr An. of a minister's ftipend, who had been derson, That the principal intention of fettled previous to the commencement the style act was, to put our computa. of the new style, is to be governed by tion of time upon the fame footing with the old style, or by the new ? The that of other nations, and to settle the case was this. Mr George Hume, who festivals of ghe church of England ; had been upwards of fifty years minister and that though the legal terms are te of Chirnfide, died on the sth of Octo- be governed by the new computation in ber 1755, i. e. before the old but after matters where no loss or advantage the new Michaclmas; and Mr Walter would happen to private persons by the Anderson was ordained minister of that change, yet it is expressly provided, parish on the 13th of May 1756. This “ That the act shall not accelerate or gave rise to a competition between Mr anticipate the time of payment of any Huine's executors, and Mr Anderson; reríts, annuities, or sums of money, the former claiming the whole ftipend which shall become payable by any cu.
1755, as belonging to Mr Hume proprio stom, writing, or agreement, now subdjure, because he survived Michaelmas ; fisting, or which shall be entered into and the half of the stipend 1756, as she before the 14th of September 1752, or
which fall become payable by virtue teinds, which had formerly belonged to of any act now in force, or which shall them, are declared to be free from all be made before the said 14th of Septem- taxations and impofitions whatsoever. ber, or the time of doing any thing di. The commisfioners, on the 14th of Jarected by such act:” That according- nuary 1757, found, That by the act ly, as by the act 179 Geo. II. for esta. Ja. VI. parl. 13. cap. 162. minifters blishing a fund for ministers widows and stipends are declared in all time coming children, &c. the terms of paying the free from all taxations and impositions rates, &c. are settled, no alteration whatsoever; and that by the ads Ja. VI. was intended or understood to be made parl. 3. cap. 48. and parl. 22. act 3. by the style-act upon the regulations e. and Car. I. parl. 1. att 8. their legal stablished by that act 170: Geo. II. by ac- ftipends consist of a manse, a glebe, and celerating the term of payment of the 800 merks at least; and that these starates, or the terminus a quo che com. tutes are not repealed by any clause in mencement of these rates was establish the three acts, 20', 21°, & 26°, Geo. II. ed by the former law; but the payment laying the duties on windows: therefore and division of the rates between the fti. they sustained the appeals, and found pend and the ann continue to be regu- the ministers not liable in the duties. lated by the old style; of which several But the cafe was stated by the commis. instances have occurred fince the new fioners, at the desire of the surveyor, took place: That if the executors doc. and laid before the Lords of Session ; trine should hold true, it would be fin- and their Lordships found, July 29, gularly severe on Mr Anderson ; for as that ministers manses are not exeemed Mr Hume had not acceded to the wi- from the window-tax. [xvi. 103. 577.] dows scheme, his children would sweep Hector Maclean was executed at Perth, away the full half of the ftipend 1756, July 15. pursuant to his sentence. [260.] and Mr Anderson, as he was ordained John Simson shoemaker in Tranent, before Whitsunday, would pay the rate and John Rammage in Haddington, for that whole year, though he would both conftables, and Stephen Dunford draw only the half of the tipend: and, and Edmund Jones soldiers in Lord That the executors doctrine, That the George Sackville's dragoons, have stood new style might regulate the right, but their trial before the high court of juthe old the payment, is in no wise au- fticiary at Edinburgh, for the murder thorised by the statute ; for that how of George Wood in Tranent (258.); foon the obligation takes place, per- [P. S.] and were acquitted, Aug. 2. formance may be compelled, dies et cedit having been found not guilty by a great et venit.
- The Lords found, That majority of the jury. Mr Hume having died before Michael The ensuing autumn circuit-courts fit mas 1755, according to the old compu- down on the days following. tation, had no right to the last half year's ! The north circuit, the Lords Strichen ftipend for that year, but that the fame and Kilkerran, at Perth, on Thursday, does belong to his nearest of kin, as Sept. 1. ; at Inverness, on Saturday, ann; and that Mr Anderson having Sept. 10.; and at Aberdeen, on Wedbeen entered before Whitsunday 1756, nesday, Sept. 21. according to the same computation, has The south circuit, the Lords Justiceright to the first half-year's stipend pay. Clerk and Minto, at Air, on Thursday, able for crop 1756.
Sept.1.; at Dumfries, on Friday, Sept.9.; The ministers in the county of and at Jedburgh, on Saturday, Sept. 17. Clackmannan, having been charged by The west circuit, the Lords Prestonthe surveyor of the windows, with the grange and Auchinleck, at Stirling, on window-tax for their manses, appealed Thursday, Sept. 1. ; at Inverary, on to the commillioners, alledging, That, Thursday, Sept. 8.; and at Glasgow, by sundry 'acts of parliament, the be- on Thursday, Sept. 15. nefices provided to them, in place of the One of the Edinburgh society preVOL. XIX.