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equally tend to hinder the total destruc. his way had his foremast shattered, and tion of a people, and to obftruct an ex was himself boarded; but beating off orbitant increase of power.

the enemies, he disengaged himself, and Blake had weakened his fleet by ma- retired into the Thames with the loss ny detachments, and lay with no more only of two ships of force, and four than forty fail in the Downs, very ill small frigates, but with his whole fleet provided with both men and ammuni- much shattered. Nor was the victory tion, and expecting new fupplies from gained at a cheap rate, notwithstanding those whose animosity hindered 'them the unusual disproportion of strength; from providing them, and who chose for of the Dutch flag.ships one was rather to see the trade of their country blown up, and the other two difabled : distressed than the sea-officers exalted A proof of the English bravery, which by a new acquisition of honour and in- should have induced Van Trump to have Auence.

spared the infolence of carrying a broom Van Trump, desirous of distinguish- at his topmast in his triumphant paffage ing himself at the refumption of his

come through the channel, which he intendmand by some remarkable action, had ed as a declaration that he would sweep assembled eighty ships of war and ten fire- the seas of the English shipping. This, ships, and Iteered towards the Downs, which he had little reason to think of where Blake, with whose condition and accomplishing, he soon after perished in strength he was probably acquainted, attempting. was then stationed. Blake, not able There are sometimes observations and to restrain his natural ardour, or per- inquiries, which all historians seem to haps not fully informed of the superio- decline by agreement, of which this acrity of his enemies, put out to encoun- tion may afford us an example. Noter them, though his fleet was fo weak. thing appears at the firit view more to ly manned, that half his ships were obli- demand our curiosity, or afford matter ged to lie idle without engaging for for examination, than this wild encoudwant of sailors. The force of the whole ter of twenty-two ships, with a force, Dutch fleet was therefore fustained by acording to their accounts who favour about twenty-two ships. Two of the the Dutch, three times fuperior. NoEnglish frigates, the Vanguard and the thing can juftify a commander in fightVictory, after having for a long time stood ing under such disadvantages, but

the engaged amidst the whole Dutch fleet, impossibility of retreating. But what broke through without much injury: hindered Blake from retiring as well benor did the English lose any ships till the fore the fight as after it ? To say he. evening; when the Garland, carrying was ignorant of the strength of the 40 guns, was boarded at once by two Dutch fleet, is to impute to him a very great ships; which were opposed by the criminal degree of negligence; and, at English till they had scarcely any men least, it must be confessed, that, from left to defend the decks; then retiring the time he saw them, he could not but into the lower part of the vessel, they know that they were too powerful to blew

up their decks, which were now be opposed by him, and even then there possessed by the enemy, and at length was time for retreat. To urge

the arwere overpowered and taken. The dour of his failors, is to divest him of Bonaventure, a stout well-built mer. the authority of a commander, and to chant-ship, going to relieve the Garland, charge him with the most reproachful was attacked by a man of war, and af- weakness that can enter into the chater a stout resistance, in which the cap- racter of a general. To mention the 'tain, who defended her with the utmost impetuolity of his own courage, is to bravery, was killed, was likewise car- make the blame of his temerity equal ried off by the Dutch. Blake in the to the praise of his valour ; which seems Triumph, seeing the Garland in distress, indeed to be the most gentle cenfure pressed forward to relieve her ; but in that the truth of history will allow.

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We must then admit, amidst our elogies the Dutch writers themselves confess) and applauses, that the great, the wise, that they lost eight men of war, and and the valiant Blake, was once be more than twenty merchant-lhips : trayed to an inconsiderate and desperate and it is probable that they fuffered enterprise, by the resistless ardour of his much more than they are willing to al own spirit, and a noble jealousy of the low; for these repeated defeats provo: honour of his country.

ked the common people to riots and in It was not long before he had an op« furrections, and obliged the states to portunity of revenging his loss, and re. alk, though ineffectually, for peace. straining the infolence of the Dutch. In April following the form of

go On the 18th of February 1652-3, Blake vernment in England was changed, and being at the head of eighty fail, and the supreme authority assumed by Cromassisted, at his own request, by Cols well; upon which occafion Blake, with Monk and Dean, efpied Van Trump his affociates, declared, that, notwithwith a fleet of above a hundred men of standing the change in the adminiftra. war, as Clarendon relates, of seventy tion, they should still be ready to difo by their own public accounts, and 300 charge their trust, and to defend the merchant-lhips under his convoy. The nation from insults, injuries, and inEnglish, with their usual intrepidity, croachments. " It is not," said Blake, advanced towards them; and Blake in the business of a seaman to mind states the Triumph, in which he always led affairs, but to hinder foreigners from his fleet, with twelve ships more, came fooling us." This was the principle to an engagement with the main body from which he never deviated, and of the Dutch fleet, and by the disparity which he always endeavoured to incul. of their force was reduced to the last cate in the fleet; as the fureft foundae extremity, having received in his hull tion of unanimity and steadiness. 4 Dira no fewer than 700 shots, when Lawson turb not one another with domestic dir. in the Fairfax came to his affittance. putes, but remember that we are EngThe rest of the English fleet now came lish, and our enemies are: foreigners. in, and the fight was continued with Enemies ! which, let what party loever the utmost degree of vigour and resolu, prevail, it is equally the intereft of our tion, till the night gave the Dutch an country to humble and restrain." opportunity of retiring, with the loss of After the 30th of April 1653, Blake, one fag-ship, and six other men of war. Monk, and Dean, failed out of the Enga The English had many vessels damaged, lish harbours with a hundred men of but none lost. On board Lawson's ship war; and finding the Dutch with fewere killed 100 men, and as many on venty fail on their own coasts, drové board Blake's, who loft his captain avd them to the Texel, and took fifty dog. fecretary, and himself received a wound gers. Then they failed northward in in the thigh.

pursuit of Van Trump, who having a Blake having set ashore his wounded fieet of merchants under his convoy, men, failed in pursuit of Van Trump; durft not enter the channel, but steered who sent his convoy before, and himself towards the Sound, and by great dexteretired fighting towards Boulogne. Blake rity and address escaped three English ordering his light frigates to follow admirals, and brought all his ships into the merchants, Itill continued to han their harbour; then knowing that Blake rafs Van Trump; and on the third day, was still in the north, came before Dothe 20th of February, the two fleets ver, and fired upon the town, but was came to another battle; in which Van driven off by the castle. Trump once more retired before the Monk and Dean stationed themselves English, and making use of the peculiar again at the mouth of the Texel, and form of his shipping, fecured himself on blocked up the Dutch their own ports the shoals. The accounts of this fight, with eighty fail ; but hearing that Van as of all the others, are various; but Trump was at Goree with a hundred

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EPITAPH for a monument itz Scotland. all shịps of force in the river and ports To the immortal memory of to repair to them.

Sir PETER HALK ETT of Pitfirrane, Baronet, On June 3. the two fleets came to an And colonel of one of his Majelty's regiments engagement; in the beginning of which

of foot;

Who was Main in that unfortunate conflict in Dean was carried off by a cannon-ball;

America, yet the fight continued from about

In the year 1755: twelve to fix in the afternoon, when Unfortunate indeed to England; and the more fo, the Dutch gave way, and retreated As by this gallant commander's death it tore fighting.

from her On the 4th in the afternoon, Blake

One so capable of wiping off her disgrace.

Had he HIMSELF commanded in chief, procured the English a complete victo. Thus, it is most likely, he would have fallen;

But then, we may well believe, ry; nor could the Dutch any otherwise Unless from that one circumstance, preserve their fhips, than by retiring

That Britain would never have remembered once inore into the fats and shallows,

The day with forrow.

After repeated efforts to rally his men, where the largest of the English vessels

He received a shot from the enemy in his head, could not approach.

Whilft a second pierc'd his heart; In this battle Van Trump boarded That loyal and manly' heart always ready to Vice-Adm. Pen; but was beaten off, and himself boarded, and reduced to The groatest action which the head could plan. blow up his decks, of which the English

It was from a bed of sickness, against all the

prayers had gotten possession. He was then

And intreaties of his friends and family, entered at once by Pen and another, That he led his regiment to the field, where he nor could possibly have escaped, had

In the bed of honopr. not de Ruyter and de Wit arrived at

This is erected by the Right Honourable that instant, and rescued him.

The Lady AMELIA HALKETT, However the Dutch may endeavour Not as an addition to his glory, to extenuate their loss in this battle, by

(Vain were that thought !), admitting no more than eight ships to But as a testimony, small as it is, have been taken or destroyed, it is evi

Of the constant and unfeigned love

She bears to the memory
dent that they must have received much

Of
greater damages, not only by the ac The best of husbands and of mene
counts of more impartial historians, but
by the remonstrances and exclamations of Hoy Neep the brave, who link to rest,
their admirals themselves ; Van Trump

With all their country's wishes blest!

When Spring, with dewy fingers cold, declaring before the states, that “ with

Returns to deck the hallow'd mould; out a numerous reinforcement of large

She there shall dress a sweeter fod, men of war, he could serve them no

Than Fancy's feet have ever trod. more;" and de Wit crying out before By fairy hands their knell is rung; them, with the natural warmth of his By forms unseen their dirge is sung: character, Why should I be silent be.

Honour shall come, a pilgrim gray, fore lords and masters? The Eng.

To bless the turf that wraps their clayoung my

And Freedom shall a while repair, lish are our masters, and by consequence

To dwell a weeping hermit there. masters of the sea."

J. HACKETT. [To be concluded in our next.]

TRANSMIGRATION. A fable. QUESTION.

W

When Flavia was no more admir'd;

When Flavia's knocker now lay quiet ;
Let pp : 99 : :ppaa : ad-99

And Flavia liv'd on frugal diet;
and pq-aa: aa99 :: b:a;

In place of chicks, eat beaf and carrot,

And drank small-beer instead of claret;
Required to find p and q.

She bought a monkey; such a one,

So mischievous, so full of fun,
Cambridge, May 4. 1757. [Lond. Mag.]

As yet no monkey has outdone.

He'd

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Lond. Mag.

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,

He'd chatter morning, noon, and night,

ANACREON, ode 1. imitated.
Grin, tumble, frisk, and sometimes bite,
Abandon's Flavia's sole delight.

Henc'er I strike my trembling strings,
WHE

I'd sing of heroes and of kings;
But, ah! amidst his gamesome tricks,

In mighty numbers would I tell,
Death summond him to cross the Styx : The woes which hapless Troy befell;
Death, ruthless death, that's wont to strike

I'd ling too of the Theban jars,
The monkey and the man alike.

The dire events of Cadmus' wars:
Pug relish'd not th’Elysian (bades;

But, ab! my strings rebellious prove,
Their cypress groves, and lonely glades, And will of nothing found but love.
Some how were not his taste at all;

In ev'ry part I change my lyre, So off he trips to Pluto's hall,

Each stubborn string I wind up higher; And frankly tells the whole affair: « In Thort he could not like the air;

This done, I try my skill again,

To sing in a sublimer strain ; The place was not his passion; no

|Fain would I Herc'les' praise relate,' He beggʻd that he again might go

What were his labours, what his fate: To earth; he'd take what Tape King Pluto

But ftill my strings rebellious prove,
Might in his wisdom think he'd suit to.”

And will of nothing sound but love.
Well, (quoth the god, and smild), go, pass
With Charon; animate-an ass.

Adieu then, mighty chiefs, adieu,
An ass, odds me! most mighty fovereiga! Love will prevail in spite of yon.
Put not my soul in that curs’d covering.,

Lond. Mag

G.S. A drowsy, dyil, damn'd, dismal creature!

Verses sent to a Lady, tied to the foot of a bec. So very foreign to my nature ! I'm at a very pretty pass

But first

, thy venom'd sting lay by; Indeed! make Pug, brilk Pug-an ass!

Fly where three Gster graces dwell

, Pug! erst the darling of the fair!

And to the fair this message tell.
Your Majesty'll excuse me there.
Make me a parrot, gracious king!

Say, that a swain void of address,

Pines with a flame he can't confess,
A parrot, now were quite the thing."
Be't so, said Pluto, then. 'Twas granted ;

And pray the maid who made bim glow,

One (mile complacent to bestow; Our monkey had the form he wanted.

Nor drive, with looks stern and severe,
Soon caught, in cage confin'd he hung,

A heart too tender, to despair.
And squallid while Chloe play'd and suog;
Calld Tom a knave; a cuckold, Will;

Then mayst thou safely gain thy home,

And fill with sweets the waxen comb.
Was pert and vain, and apish ftill.
Till now the time is come, when he

Edinburgh, July 25. 1757.

G. D. Once more 'must metamorphos'd be.

To Miss C-KE, on the death of her father. He seeks, and gets a human shape; But still retains the quondam ape.

e gentle fair, your weeds of wo He frisks, and capers, grins, and charters, Of fifty thoufand Gilly matters,

And while îne drops the fileat tear, Is all froth, emptiness, and lew,

Let every thing a sable aspect wear. Clarinda's lover ig-a beau.

The joyful thought to grief now turns, [vi. '516]

J. HACKETT. Since she whose fimiles gave joy, retiring mourns. JUPITER and the HERDSMA N. No more the rose blooms on her check, Har's good, although unfought for, grant No more pleas d crouds admiring fit

,

Vanilh'd the sparkling eye and dimpled sleek ; us fiill; " And 0 ! with-hold

, tbo" fought for, all that's ill." To hear her warbling yoice, or sprightly wit; Thus far an ancient fage.- We make him speak

No more of Delia on the plain*, Plain English. The original is Greek.

Or Parthenissa's * tender lulling strain.

She now all social converse fees, A herdsman lost a calf, and thus for aid And breathes her forrows to the waving trees ; To heav'n, th’avenger of the wrong’d, hc pray'd. Or lonely, near the rills that flow, Great Jove! some villain has decreas’d my store, To their fad murin'rings joins her sighs of wo.

Do thou unto thy fervant's pray’r incline; Ah! what could force thec, tyrant Dcath! Let me but see the thief, I ask no more; So soon to snatch the tender parent's breath?

A kid, the best I have, lhall ftrait be thine. Say, cruel and relentless foe, Jove heard.--- Forth rulh'd a lion from the wood, How could you! could you! Itrike the fatal blow! Aghaft the peafànt stood.

Alas! vain I thus reproach ; Thou'lt shewn the thief, (he cry'd); 'tis he; 'tiş For all too soon must feel thy leaden touch; plain :

From that exempted who can bc, I'll pay the vow I offer’d to the full: Since the whole loss I mourn, must yield to thee! But if ihou’lt set me quit of him again,

Edinburgh, Aug. 23. 1757. I'll make the kid I promisd thee a bulla

* Two favourite songs of that young lady. J. HACKETT.

An

, doch moarn

ing go;

WH

J. D.

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An account of the descent on the coast of were unemployed; fo they were ordered
Britany in 1746. [viii. 398. 490.542.] failed under convoy of the ships of war.

to land on the coast of Britany; and they [This paper was first published in the Monthly

But fo sudden was the order, such Review, Toon after the publication of Voltaire's history of the war of 1741; and we have immediate dispatch did the new object been lately assured that it is of unquestionable of the expedition require, that it did authority.)

not admit of the delay requisite to be Ith what facility are we misled supplied with horses for drawing the ar

by writers! how readily tillery, to search for guides, or procure do we

ibe their notions without ex- fufficient intelligence with regard to the amination ? Most readers believed that country: nay, the harbours, the anMr Voltaire's history was composed choring-ground, and that part of the from undoubted facts; but we fmd, that coast on which the troops were to land, in his relations he is more singular than were almost totally unknown. Soon authentic, more credulous than well in- after they arrived in sight of land, the formed, and that he cannot quite lose wind, which had been tavourable, the poet in the historian; we admire changed. The greatest part of the fleet his talents, but we should not overlook with difficulty reached the anchoringhis errors, which are many and noto place next evening, the rest not ţill two rious. His column at the battle of days after. Without waiting for the Fontenoy is a chimera, though a chi arrival of the whole, the dispolition was mera generally received as a reality a- made for landing next morning, The mong his countrymen. But of all shore was defended by upwards of 3000 the misrepresentations with which his militia, gardes de côte, and regular history is filled, there are none fo gross, troops. The boats of the fleet confo ridiculous, òr fo injurious to the Enge tained but 500. A feint to land in one lila nation, as those which are contain, place, deceived the enemy, whilst the ed in his account. of the descent on the General, and the 500 men, made the coast of Britany. He is unacquainted defcent on another, without the loss of with the destination of the expedition, a man. The rest of the troops follow, the pumber of the troops, the mannered with all pollible expedition, But of the descent, the causes of the vant when thus landed at ten miles distance of fuccess, the reasons for the retreat, from L'Orient, as they were without and the conduct observed in it.

horses, without guides, without know, The fleet, conkiting of line-of-battle ledge of the country, it was the second hips, frigates, tenders, and transports, day after disimbarking ere they arrived in did not exceed fixty sail. On board the the neighbourhood of the town. They ships of war, as part of their comple- summoned it immediately; but could ment, were 500 marines ; on board the not attack it for want of cannon. The transports were fax battalions of 7 or landing of the tents, provisions, ammu800 men each.

nition, and artillery, was, from inevi. The expedition was intended against table causes, the employinent of two Quebec ; but by a variety of incidents, days. The fifth day two pieces and a and by contrary winds, the feet was mortar were drawn to the camp by prevented from failing till the season 5oo seamen : the next, two other pieproper for landing them in North Ame- ces were brought in the fame inanner, rica was elapsed. The French army in The sudden change, from a close con Flanders was fuperior to that of the al- finement on board of ships, to lying ex: lies: it was thought that a descent on posed to rain fome days without tents, the coast of France might occasion a di- threw the foldiers into diseases, and renversion, and draw a considerable de dered many of them incapable of duty. tachment from Marshal Saxe's army. A council of war was called, and a reThese fix battalions had continued up- treat was unanimously resolved on. The wards of fix weeks imbarked; they resolution was taken on the following à VOL. XIX.

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