« ZurückWeiter »
a marriage with an heiress. The name Her fon had all the natural endow. of the lady was also Daun, which figni- ments of his mother of his father he fies watery
had little; except that eafinefs of tem· The house of Daun, from the reign per, which in Joseph was itrefolution of the Emperor Maximilian down to and want of fpirit, but became in LeoFerdinánd Il. had been almost entirely fold benevolence and good-nature. neglected, and was reduced to fuch a He was not brought up, like a nobledegree of poverty, that when Leopold man of the first rank, in that effeminate Charles Count Daun entered the Empe. pride whích enervates the body, weakens ror's service in 1630, against Gustavus the understanding, and hardens the heart. Adołphus, he had scarce 6000 livres" a- His food was coarfe, his cloaths plain : year.
he went always bareheaded, was fene The mother of the present Count was to fchool with other boys of his age, Jeanne de Königsegg, daughter of Fre- and with them he was suffered to ramble derick Count Konigfegy, a good man, about the woods, and clamber
up precio but a bad foldier ; rather flothful than pices, according to the custom of the peaceable; who bore, with too much re- country, and to the spirit of the times. lignation, the affronts which fome of his He was educated at Kolin, by Mr Peo neighbours too frequently put upon him. ter de Cadman, a pative of Hanover,
This Count Konigsegg, who lived in who went into Bohemia when young, the time of Leopold, when the empire and was admitted master of arts at St was invaded on every fide, and torn to John's college in Prague... pieces by factions and civil wars, was The book which pleafed him moft always fickle and wavering; he never was Ovid's Metamorphoses, particularly knew of what party he was, nor of what the contest betwixt Ajax and Ulyffes a religion; it was popular to be a Pro- bout the arms of " Achilles; which he testant, but the court were Papifts. He was so much enamoured with, that he fpent his time in winning over his ene- acted the part of Ulysfes at the theatre, mies, and undoing his friends, deceived and translated his oration into Germaa by Leopold, baffled and oppressed by poetry. He took à particular delight Count Teckeli, and always cheated by in reading Juftin and Quintus Curtius, at himself. He was mortally wounded at whose account of Alexander he has been the fiege of Belgrade, where he was observed to shed tears. fighting the cause of his enemies against At the age of fourteen, he went into the interest of his own house, and died the German army in Flanders, then comas he had lived, in anxiety and doubt. manded by the famous Prince Eugene,
Jeanne de Konigsegg, his daughter, under whom he learned the firft rudia was, on the contrary, courageous and ments of the art of war. He was a voresolute, feared by the family of Tec- luntier at the battle of Malplaquet; keli, beloved by the Protestants, and and his personal bravery being taken esteemed by both. Yet she married Jo- notice of by Col. Kevenhuller, of the seph Count de Daun, a man more weak cuirasliers, he was honoured after the and irresolute than her father. Her battle with a standard in the regiment portion was 5000 florins, and the little of Keysler, which he kept till the year city of Konigsegg. It is remarkable, 1717, when Prince Eugene gave a total that the turned Protestant at the time defeat to the Turks at the battle of Pe. her husband turned Catholic; but from terwaradin. that day she was as firmly attached to He had then studied the art of gunher new religion, as he was 'wavering 'nery and fortification fix years; and and unsettled in his.
there was not a village in Germany, She took the education of her son en- Hungary, Bohemia, Turky in Europe, tirely into her own hands; and while or even Muscovy itself, but he knew'its her husband was the dupe and bubble of fituation and importance. all parties, the was treated with univer After the battle of Peterwaradin he fal deference and respect.
was advanced by Prince Eugene to be a The whole cainp was thrown into cons captain of dragoons, in the regiment of fusion; and when the news reached the Palfi; and, three years after, was pro- garrison of Philipsburg, Daun himself moted to the rank of a lieutenant-colo- regretted the death of the Marshal, nel; which was his station when the whom he honoured for many virtues, war broke out upon the demise of Fre- not only as a soldier, but as a man. derick Augustus King of Poland in 1733: From this time nothing was heard of
France espoused the cause of Stani. Count Daun, till the war broke out on Laus, whose daughter Louis XV. had the death of the Emperor Charles VI. married, and was opposed by Germany in 1740, when he appeared as colone! and Ruflia. The operations of the camp of dragoons in the Austrian service. paign between the French and Germans The King of Prullia, who had been began with the fiege of Philipsburg, up. reinforced by 23,000 men from Silesia on the Rhine, which the Duke of Ber on the 4th of May, was attacked by the wick commanded in person.
Austrian cavalry on the 6th, fo furiousThe garrison consisted of 10,000 men, ly, that he was driven to Chototiz : and amongst them was the regiment the Austrians pursued, fet fire to the commauded by Count Daun.
camp, and, contrary to remonftrance, The progress of the fiege was but began to plunder the town; so that the flow, notwithstanding all possible en: Prussjans having time to recover themdeavours of Marshal Berwick, who ex- felves, the Austrians were attacked, and posed his life more than might have been driven back in their turn. expected from fo cool and experienced å Count Daun by his single authority commander.
kept his own regiment from drinking to The governor of the place being in excess. The Austrian cavalry was broke, formed by a fpy, that the Marshal had the horses were seized in the streets and been to reconnoitre the works, and lanes of the town, and the dragoons tbat he was the next day to visit a cer were taken in the cellars, where they tain post in order to determine a dispute had drank till they could scarce stand; between two engineers, ordered a bat- nor did a single corps retire in order, tery in the night to be levelled exactly except the regiment of Daun ; which against the spot where the Marshal was was joined by numbers as it returned, expected, and at the fame time com- and appeared so formidable, that the mitted the care of constructing the bat. Prussians only pursued at a distance : in tery, and planting the capnon, to Count the mean time the infantry of both sides Daun. About seven o'clock in the were engaged ; and the Profljans being morning, the 12th of June 1734, the fuperior in number, and having the adMarshal repaired to the post, with his vantage of the ground, obliged Prince fon Lord Edward, and the Earl of Clare. Charles to retire ; who gave the charge The engineer, whose name was Malda- of covering the retreat to Count Daun, vi, had
a discretionary power to fire at with what cavalry he could get toge. the time he thought himself furest of his ther, and created him major-general of aim; and Count Daun standing near the Austrian armies on the spot. him, with a prospect-glass in his hand, We learn nothing more of Count cried out in haste," Now is the time; Daun till the battle of Dettingen, where I see a more than ordinary appearance. " he commanded fome Hungarians against The gunner instantly fired; and the ball the French ; and nothing is said of him ftruck Marshal Berwick in the neck, just in that action, except that by his order at the instant he was rising from the the Hungarians threw theinselves on ground in mounting his horse. Lord their faces the moment the enemy preEdward was covered with the blood of sented; a stratagem by which they elu. his father, and the Duke de Duras was ded the fire, and greatly annoyed the wounded by a stick out of a gabion enemy. which the bullet had broke to pieces, Soon after this action he left Spire,
by the earnest folicitation of his lady, commanded by the Duke of Ormond. then big with child, and of his eldelt He continued in Spain ten years; and daughter, who was going to be married there being then no war in the south of to Count Feftititz. From this time he Europe, he procured a recommendation retired to his elate at Daun, where he to the late Czarina of Muscovy; who became valetudinary for want of exer- received him with particular marks of cise, till the war lately broke out in distinction, and gave him a commission Germany. His rank and operations in of brigadier-general. He was soon af. this war are well known, particularly terwards advanced to the rank of lieuhis famous defeat of the King of Pruffia's tenant-general. He was in all the bat, victorious army on the 18th of June last, tles between the Turks and Muscovites an account of which concludes these that happened during the reign of that memoirs, as far as they relate to Count princess, and was the first to mount the Daun. (363.]
breach at the taking of Ockzakow,
where he received a wound that that. Memoirs of Field-Marsbal James Keith.
tered his knee in fuch a manner, that MA
Arshal Keith was the younger fon he was obliged to be carried off
of William Keith, Earl Marshal of When the war was ended, he was Scotland, by Lady Mary Drummond, fent over to the court of England in quam who was daughter to the Earl of Perth, lity of ambassador-extraordinary from Lord High Chancellor of Scotland in the court of Russia. His peace had beer the reign of the unfortunate K.James II. eafily made *, as his treason had been
He was born at Fetterreslo, in the committed in the heat of youth, and leSheriffdom of Kincardin, in the year veral powers had interested themselves 1696, and, with his brother the late in his favour. And in an interview Earl Marshal, was, after learning the with Sir Robert Walpole, then prime
Latin tongue from Mr Ruddiman, aa. minifter, he went fo far as to offer his 1
thor of the rudiments and grammar that service as a soldier in the British army,
go by his name [54.], sent to that colo provided he might be allowed to enjoy # Jege of Aberdeen, which was founded the eftate and honours of his cousin the
by one of his great ancestors anno 1596. Earl of Kintore, after the death of his His tutor was Mr Robert Keith, com- Lordship, whose profpe&t of an heir was monly called Bishop, who wrote an hifto- extremely uncertain. But this proposal ry of the affairs of church and state in was rejected, notwithstanding the Earl Scotland from the deceafe of K.James V. of Crawfurd assured both his Majesty and to the death of Q. Mary. [54.] his ministers, that the frietest honour
He was nineteen years old in 1715, would be observed on the part of the at the breaking out of the rebellion, in Russian ambassador ; who, when he came which his brother Lord Marfkal was so to court, always appeared in the Russian deeply involved. He followed the Earl dress, and was obliged to speak by an to the field; and on the day of the ac- interpreter when he had ap audience of tion at Sheriffmuir, he received a light the King. wound in the neck, which was firft dif Having finifhed his embassy, he recovered by a friend when he was going turned to Petersburg; where he was to bed; who seeing part of the shirt more caressed than ever, and continued stick between the lips of the wound, there till a war breaking out between where the blood was congealed and the Russians and Swedes, he went into grown hard, propofed to pour in fome Finland as lieutenant-general. He was oil to soften it; but Keith immediately at the battle of Wilmanstrand, which pulled it away without any apparent he gained, by fetching a compass about concern or sense of pain. After the difpersion of the rebel-army he went with
[He was never attainted. We have made a his brother into Spain, where he obtain- some more might be made by persons who know
few corrections in this paper, and apprehend that ed a commission in the Irish brigades, all the facts.}
á hill, and attacking the Swedes in as Prussia, France as Brandenburg, and flank with 5000 dragoons, at a time London and Paris as well as Prague or when victory had well nigh declared in Berlin. Keith entered Saxony in the their favour. [iii. 427.]
month of September 1756, as Field-MarHe likewise, by a stratagem, dispos- fhal in the Prussian army. Gent. Mag. fessed them of the isles of Aland in the
The Monttor, Aug. 27, Baltic, though the garrison there had been reinforced by troops from Stock. Extract of a second letter from on board the holm. After the peace of Abo, in the
OLD ENGLAND man of war at sea. year 1743, he was sent by the Empress Concluded my last, of April the 9th of Rullia ambassador-extraordinary to [185.] with our fears that the Capthe court of Sweden, to compliment tain was resolved to take the ship out of the King on the election of a successor to the hands of our favourite Will, and the crown : and though this choice had once more to commit her to the ma. been made contrary to the inclination nagement of a set of officers who had of his Majesty, who was entirely in the railed themselves in his esteem by keepinterest of his nephew the Prince of ing company, and running all lengths, Helfe-Cassel; yet he received the Ruf with the old cabal ; and were therefore Sian ambaffador with his usual polite- suspected of resuming those bad measures ness, and took pleasure in conversing which had brought us into fo much hawith him in private upon the most se zard and disgrace, preferred the courage rious affairs. The King had command of the Lascars to our own crew, and ed the Dutch forces upon the Po, from kept us out in rocky and tempestuous the year 1705 till 1709; both were ex- feas, where nothing could be expected tremely well acquainted with the coun- but certain shipwreck ; while our guns, try, and both were capable of making tackle, ballast, and our very pay and the most judicious observations. The provisions, were secretly, or under divers General's method was, to disguise him- frivolous pretences, applied to support self in the habit of a peasant, and in them in idleness, and to enrich their that dress to visit the several villages of country. the country wherein he served. In this Our fears were not altogether ground. manner he travelled over France, Italy, less. The old clan had, seized the opSpain, Savoy, and Switzerland, and vi- portunity to shut the cabin-door once fited the different provinces of Russia. more upon the Captain while Will
The fplendor in which he appeared at was surveying between decks, and enStockholm, not only exhausted his al. couraging the crew and midshipmen in lowance, but the money which he him- their duty; and so perplexed him with Self had acquired during a service of fresh reports of his other ship, in the eighteen years ; fo that he was obliged Lascar country, being in danger of fall. to pledge bis jewels to maintain bis ing a prey to the Morattoes, except state. On his return he was honoured part of the Old England's crew was imwith a Marshal's staff; but the pay in mediately ordered to its relief, that he the Russian army being small, and his ... resolved to displace every officer fame being great, he was invited into that [should] oppose any, motion for the Prussian dominions, where a penfion turning them over ...
• [though] ... Our was allowed him.
own thip ... was already so weakenThe King of Prussia treated him with ed in its hands, by desertion, and the all honours due to his birth and merit, new regulations for abridging our pay, and honoured him fo far with his confi- shortening our allowance, and preventing dence, as to travel over a great part of our exercise and use of sinall arms, that Germany, Poland, and Hungary, with it was impossible for us to defend our him, in disguise. His Majesty in this felves, unless WILL's endeavours to raise manner has been in most cities of Eu- money without oppression, and to rerope: Holland is as well kvowe to him cruit our complement without pressing
upon the common men, and to men from the Old England. And as teach every man the art of defence, were the faction were afraid of Will's inteallowed to take place.
grity, which would never yield to any However, those friends of the La- proposals for disabling their own fhip, it scars were so well acquainted with the was resolved to force him from the helm, intereit Will maintained with the and to replace their last pilot, who had whole ship's crew, by his upright and devoted himself entirely to the will of impartial behaviour, and constant ape the first lieutenant, and had never given plication to the business of our ship, that himfelf any concern about the Old Engthey durft not venture to itay, and fee land, otherwise than to debauch the the issue of the Captain's relolution : crew, and to instil into them a too great but while he called about him for WILL regard for the Lascars. the pilot, they fluuk away, and at The weaning affection which the Capa tempted to corrupt fome of the ambi. tain always bore for his first lieutenant tious, leaft sensible and experienced difpofed him to receive any scheme from midshipmen, by promising them posts, his faction ; and this coinciding with his which they themselves were afraid to re own desires, he precipitately cashiered Sume.
Will, and all his subalterns. But beWill, who, the very night before, hold, there was not a man amongst had parted with the Captain in an abun- them that had courage to take hold of dance of seeming contentment with his the helm : and when the ship's company proceedings for the preservation and cre- found that they were adrift, that their dit of the ship, was struck with amaze. favourite was removed, and that they ment at his entrance into the cabin. were to be under the direction of a new The Captain upbraided him with obsti- set of officers, who had made themselves nacy and presumption, for pretending to obnoxious, either by their former misben have more knowledge and honesty than haviour towards them, or by seeking for his displaced officers ... and concluded promotion in a way that could give with protestations, that no body should them no good idea of their abilities and serve under him, who would not impli. honesty, the clamour became universal: citly fubmit to fuch conditions as he not only the common men, but all the might think fit to impose.
Captain's best friends, and those of the Such an alteration in so short a time greatest property and discretion, who convinced the pilot, that there must served him as voluntiers, could not rehave been a great deal of art and inalice main lilent at this crisis; which threatto work the Captain up to this refolu- ened them with final destruction, at a tion. He therefore, after frequent at- time they were expecting daily to weatempts to undeceive him, and to con- ther their former disappointinents, and vince him that if he should order any to be in a condition to make reprisals part of his crew to man his other ship upon their enemies. m the Lascars country, the Old Eng In the midst of this confusion, WILL land would inevitably fall a prey to the however preserved an even and a forgiMorąttoes, or be disabled from ever gets ving temper; a temper that endeavourting fafe into port, left him deaf to all ed to prevent mutiny, and to engage remonstrances, and breathing his dif- the crew not to desert their stations, but pleasure against every one that dared to to remain on their guard against the oppose his inclinations; and, in his re common enemy; while in the cabin turn to the steerage, was informed, that there reigned nothing but faction and a round robin had been banded about distraction ; every one persuading the secretly, in which the mutineers had en Captain to violent measures, and yet gaged the first lieutenant; who was go- none of them daring to put them in exing to offer his service in defence of the ecution. At last the want of a purser Captain's other ship, on condition that and of a pilot, and the inconstancy of hę might have leave to draw off the best their countels in the cabin, determined
3 N 2