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the secretary also to declare against the situation and course of the ship, which intended innovations, as destructive to had loft much way, and was threatened the Captain, and his good ship the Old with a violent storm, at the time a melEngland. In the mean time the crew fenger brought an order for him to reresolved to express their approbation and pair immediately to the Captain's cabin. gratitude towards their disgraced pilot, But before he got thither, through the for his steady attachment to the true in. crouds, big with expectations of his reterest of their Captain, and the real fer- cal, and intreating him to accept of the vices he had done to their ship and com- helm upon any ternis but such as manipany.

festly tended to their deftruction, the As for money, they could come at fhip grazed against a rock.

Their pay was ftopt. Besides, Confusion appeared in every face. The they knew that WILL was no lover of Captain himself cries out, “ Helm a lee, money : he had no avaricious appetite ; hardy weather ; and whatever diftress nor the everlasting wants of a gamefter. and irrefolution could fuggeft. And as Their reward therefore was, that when• foon as the fhip got in deep water, hey ever they saw him in the gangway, they in the midst of his disconfolate friends, faluted him with three cheers ; when dreading the fatal effects of being thus they heard his name, they honoured it tost about in the fight of an enemy, and with three cheers; and because the pur- amongst rocks, opened his miod in this fer had behaved with equal regard to manner. their intereft and safety, each mess re- My friends, wise men ne'er sit ftill and wail their folved to invite them both to partake lofs, of their freedom and allowance, and But chearly seck how to redress their hasmsái: drank their healths with three cheers and What tho' the mast had now blown overboard, the belt flip they could get in tuch de- Arid half the failors swallow'd in the flood ?

The cables broke, the Mheet-anchor loft, fperate cireumstances.

Yer lives the pilot ftill. It is not meet These proceedings fore and aft in fa. That he fhould leave the belm, and we cast dowa vour of the displaced pilot and purfer, with fear, and the freedom with which those gen- Or bemoan the thip driving on the rocks, tlemen voluntiers, who had got their which industry and courage might have saved. ALL on board, reafoned with the Cape Will shall take the helm: only grant me this:

Ah, what a shame! ah, what a fault was this! tain against the factious counfels whịch, Lct N-A-le, Anf-1, and Faxaflift

, had thrown the ship into fo much con. With a few more, whose friendship I have tried ; fusion; and the report of the watch, They'll ferve as anchors

, topinast, and tackie, who from the main-top descried an ap

When the wind blows hard, and the fea rups high. proaching enemy, struck a panic into The Captain having {poke, WILL the cabin ; and as their own preserva- thus-replied : tion gained the ascendant of their polis Senfible of th'honour, in duey bound, tical interest, in a private view, it was The helm I'll take; not with such mesimates join'd: wisely concluded, that fomething should say, P.--~m was our anchor: what of that

Did we not almost founder under him? be done immediately to appeafe the cla- Say, Anfwn was oor topmaft: what of him? mours of the crew, and to put the ship say, Lascars were our tackle; what of them? into a condition to face the enemy. So why: is not L-ge here another anchor? that on their own mere motion Will And Tople here another goodly malt? was again proposed to take the helm :

Freeborn Britons our hrouds and tacklings fill! and as he had a natural aversion to the Approved before, allowed the pilot's charge!

Why not Lage and I, linell of a tox, which the Captain had We will not from the helm to fcast and game, been perfuaded to keep in his cabin to But keep our course, tho' the rough wind say no, cure him of the vapours, they ordered From felves and rocks that threaten us with the animal to be removed before he was

wreck. called.

This plain honeft speech was not very WILL was taking an observation, acceptable. However, after long deand fetched a heavy ligh at the present bate in favour of the Captain's privilege

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to dominate his own officers, and upon he has often declared, that he would
the decency of paying fome regard to rather retire to the forecastle, and be
his pleasures and will recollecting the reduced to mess with the lowest man in
intreaties of the sober part of the crew, the ship, than maintain his footing up
to make the best agreement he could, on the quarterdeck by consenting to, or
but not to refuse the helm when offered conniving at, any incroachment upon
to him again, the alarm also of the e- our rights and liberties, or at any frauds,
nemy's vear approach being confirmed; which have been heretofore practised to
he was at last prevailed upon to resume raise immense fortunes out of our wages,
his former charge, and consent to the provisions, and ammunition, or at any
restoring of some of the cabal to sheir measures, which deprive us of the means
honours and places of profit ; but not to to protect our trade and navigation, and
any power over the crew, or to inter- to force our enemies to an honourable
supt him in his duty; provided the com- and lasting peace.
pals, the logbook, the stores, and the
chief command of the tip, were com- An affecting account of the wonderful pre-
mitted to him, and to officers of his re- fervation of three perfons buried above

five commendation.

weeks in snow. By Dr Joseph Bruni, Pram This accommodation was received feffor of Philofopby at Turin, with much joy of the crew: and the From the Philos. Trans. vel. 49. part 2, moment Will put the ship about in her right course, the enemy, who before for 1756, publiped in July 1757. was preparing to attack her, tost about Small cluster of houses at a place like a disabled hull, crouded all their fail called Bergenoletto, near Demonte, to get clear. Nevertheless, there ap. in the upper valley of Stura, was, on the peared a fort of gloom in the counte- 19th of March 1755, entirely overDances of many, who not knowing the whelmed by two valt hodies of snow conditions of this compromise, were a. that tumbled down from a neighbouring fraid of coming again under the com- mountain. All the inhabitants were mand or influence of the men who had then within doors, except one Josepla formerly reduced them to the latt extre. Rochią, a map of about fifty, and his mity. But WILL’s uniform conduct a. son, a lad of fifteen, who were on the gainst all measures that had hitherto roof of their house clearing away the drawn the Captain's attention from the mow, which had fallen for three days real interest of his good faip the Old incellantly. A prielt going by to mais, England, and furnithed the oficers with advised them to come down, having jult pretences to opprefs and plunder the before observed a body of snow tumcrew, and disabled them from comple: bling not far distant. The man imagir ting our cruise with honour and safety; ping this small mass would be followed and his continual application to reftore by larger ones, got down from the roof discipline and good economy, and to with great precipitation, and fed with put us into a capacity, not only to main, his son, he knew not whither ; but scarce tain the dominion of the sea, and the rehad he gone thirty or forty steps, before fpect due to our flag, but to carry our bis fon, who followed bim, fell down); resentment and vengeance into our ene- on which looking back, he saw his own mies country, has delivered us from and his neighbours houses, in which were those jealoufies which arise from a good twenty-two perfops in all, covered with man's associativg with bad companions, a high mountain of snow. He lifted up and convinced us that he will never con- his fon; and reflecting that his wife, his fent that any of us shall be turned over alter, two children, and all his effects, to serve our Captain in the Lafcar coun. were thys buried, be fainted away; but try, nor be any more obliged to live up- foon reviving, got safe to a friend's house on Short allowance to feed them in idle at some distance. ness aboard of the Old England. And The fnow was Axty Erglih feet in


height; and many men who were or. house. They were unable to walk, and dered to give these unhappy people all fo wasted, that they appeared like mere possible allistance, despaired of being skeletons. They were immediately put able to do them the least service. to bed, and gruel of rye-flour and a

After five days, Joseph being perfectly little butter was given to recover them. recovered, got upon the snow, with his Some days after, the intendant came to fon, and two of his wife's brothers, to see them, and found the wife still unable try if he could find the exact place where to rise from her bed, or use her feet, his house stood; but, after many open from the intense cold she had endured, ings made in the snow, they could not and the uneasy posture she had been in ; discover it. The month of April pro- the lister, whose legs had been bathed ving hot, and the snow beginning to with hot wine, could walk with some foften, he again used his utmost endea. difficulty; and the daughter needed no vours to recover his effects, and to bury, further remedies. as he thought, the remains of his fami- · On the intendant's interrogating the ly. He made new openings, and threw women, they told him, That on the in earth, to melt the Inow; and on the morning of the sgth of March they were 24th of April it was greatly diminished. in the Itable, with a boy of six years old He broke through ice fix English feet and a girl about thirteen. In the same thick, with iron bars; thrust down a stable were lix goats ; one of which halong pole, and touched the ground; but ving brought forth two dead kids the evening coming on, he defisted. night before, they went to carry her a

His wife's brother, who lived at De- small vessel of rye-flour gruel. There monte, dreamed that night, that his were also an afs, and five or fix fowls. fister was still alive, and begged him to They were sheltering themselves in a help her.

The man, affected by his warm corner of the stable till the churchdream, rose early in the morning, and bell should ring, intending to attend the went to Bergemoletto, where Joseph service. The wife related, that, wantwas; and, after resting himself a little, ing to go out of the stable to kindle a went with him to work upon the snow ; fire in the house for her husband, who where they made anotheropening, which was clearing away the fow from the led them to the house they searched for: top of it, she perceived a mass of snow but finding no dead bodies in its ruins, breaking down towards the east; upon they fought for the stable, which was which she went back into the stable, ihut about 240 English feet distant; which the door, and told her sister of it. In having found, they heard a cry of, less than three minutes they heard the “ Help, my dear brother.” Being roof break over their heads, and also greatly surprised, as well as encoura- part of the ceiling. The fister advised ged, by these words, they laboured to get into the rack and manger ; which with all diligence, till they had made a they did. The ass was tied to the manlarge opening; through which the bro• ger, but got loofe by kicking and strugther who had the dream, immediately gling, and threw down the little vessel, went down; where the sister, with an which they found, and afterwards ufed agonizing and feeble voice, told him, to hold the melted fnow, which ferved “I have always trusted in God and them for drink. you, that you would not forsake me." Very fortunately the manger was un. The other brother and the husband then der the main prop of the stable, and so went down ; and found, still alive, the resisted the weight of the fnow. Their wife about forty-five, the filter about first care was, to know what they had thirty-five, and a daughter about thir- to eat. The fifter said she had fifteen teen years old. There they raised on chefnuts in her pocket ; the children their shoulders to inen above; who pull. said they had breakfafted, and should ed them up as it were from the grave, want no more that day. They rememend carried them to a neighbouring bered there were thirty or forty cakes


in a place near the stable, and endea. Gifter helped it, and they killed the kid, voured to get at them, but were not to save the inilk for their own subliftable for the snow. They called often ence. So they found that the middle for help, but were heard by none. The of April was come. : Whenever they fifter gave two chesnuts to the wife, called this goat, it would come and lick and eat, two herself, and they drank their faces and hands, and gave them foine snow water. The als was restless, every day two pounds of milk, on which and the goats kept bleating for some account they still bear the poor creadays; after which they heard no more ture a great affection. of them. Two of the goats, however, They faid, that, during all this time, being left alive, and near the manger, hunger gave them but little uneasiness, they felt them, and found that one of except for the first five or six days; them was big, and would kid, as they that their greatest pain was from the recollected, about the middle of April ; extreme coldness of the melted snowthe other gave milk, wherewith they water which fell on them, from the preserved their lives. During all the stench of the dead ass, goats, fowls, &c. time they faw not one ray of light ; yet and from lice; but more than all from for about twenty days they had some the very uneasy posture they were connotice of night and day from the crow. fined to, the manger in which they fat ing of the fowls, till they died. {quatting against the wall, being no

The second day, being very hungry, more than three feet four inches broad. they eat all the chesnuts, and drank After the first two or three days they what milk the goat yielded, being near had no evacuation by ftool. The melt. two pounds a-day at first, but it foon ed snow-water and milk were discharged decreased. The third day they attempt by urine. The mother said she had need again, but in vain, to get at the ver flept, but the sister and daughter decakes: fo resolved to take all possible clared they slept as usual. The mother care to feed the goats; for just above and sister faid, that on the day they the manger was a hay-loft, whence were buried their monthly evacuations through å hole the fifter pulled down were upon them, but that they had not hay into the rack, and gave it to the the least sign of them afterwards. goats as long as she could

reach it, and Attefted before the intendant by the faid then, when it was beyond her reach, the women the 16th of May 1755. goats climbed upon her shoulders, and reached it themselves.

From the Pbilos. Trans. vol. 49. part 2. On the fixth day the boy fickened, An account of a Latin treatise, presented and his illness.continued six days; on and dedicated to the royal society, intitled, the last of which he desired his mother, Gottlob Caroli Springsfeld, M. D. who all this time had held him in her

commentatio de prærogativa thermalap, to lay him at his length in the rum Carolinarúm in diffolvendo calcumanger. She did fo; and taking him

lo vesicæ præ aqua calcis vivæ, by Wilby the hand, felt it was very cold : she liam Watson, F. R. S. then put her hand to his mouth, and finding that cold likewise, she gave him Taken from the London Magazine, to a little milk.

which we have added the note, p. 414. The boy then cried, “ Oh my father in the snow! Oh fa- R Springsfeld's treatise contains a ther, father!" and then expired.

series of experiments and observaIn the mean while the goats milk di- tions upon the Carlsbad waters in Boheminished daily, and the fowls soon after mia *, as a solvent for the stone in the dying, they could no more distinguish bladder; from whence it appears, that night and day; but, according to their reckoning, the time was near when the conflux of a little river, with the river Egra, a

* Carlsbad, or Charles's bath, lies near the other goat should kid ; which at length bout twenty or twenty-five miles below the town they knew was come by its cries. The of Egra




these waters have that property in a that water is observed to have. They much higher degree than even lime-wa- have likewise a gently-constringing taste; ter. The Carlsbad waters have been that was it not for their faline taste, long celebrated for their excellent effects they could not easily be distinguished in removing, or at least relieving, many from lime-water. of the disorders to which mankind is sub- It must here be premised, that all hard ject. How high they stood in the opi- bodies, viz. pieces of wood, bone, stones, nion of the great Hoffman, almost every earthen vefsels, bits of straw, and fucha part of his writings bears testimony; like, are incrusted over by lying in the and if, to their other before-known · Carlsbad waters, and that in a


little properties, they should prove a fafe, time. These bodies, in the fpace of a easy, and effectual solvent for the stone night, will be covered with a topha, in the kidneys and bladder, it certainly ceous crust, which continually increases. would greatly enhance their value. But human calculi, though hard in them

Our author has very attentively con- felves, are not incrusted thereby, but are fidered the writings of Drs Jurin, Hales, rather diffolved; which is the more reHartley, Whytt, and others, concerning markable. The fame effects are obserfolvents for the stone. He has adminie ved upon pieces of the hardest cheese, stered to several patients, with little or which fwell in these waters, and are Bo fuccefs, the late Mrs Stephens's me. changed into a kind of pultice. dicine [i. 268.], with the strictest ob. In the treatise before us, our author fervance of all the cautions faid to be has given the detail of many experinecessary in courses of that medicine. ments, which prove the solvent power And though he allows every thing to be of these waters. I shall lay a few of true that has been laid down by Dr them only before you, from which an Whytt and others, in relation to oyster opinion both of our author's exactness in Thell lime-water, he does not fcruple to making them, as well as how far he is affert, that the Carlsbad waters, which justified in his conclusions, may be form have great analogy to calcarious waters, ed. And here I must observe, which are a far more excellent folvent for the should be a very comfortable considerastone in the kidneys and bladder than tion for the inhabitants in those parts, any lime-water. Of this truth he is fa. that our author has been obliged fretisfied by various experiments, several of quently to suspend his researches for which were made by himself alone, and want of human calculi, which is a disease others in conjunction with our learned exceedingly rare in Bohemia. and ingenious brother Dr Lieberkuhn, June 20. 1749. A stone of a brown whole exactness as well as fidelity in ina- colour, which weighed near two ounces king experiments of this kind no one and a half, was placed in a china balon will question.

near that source which is called Brudel, Dr Springsfeld, in a treatise upon the in such a manner as to be continually Carlsbad waters published by him in the covered with the warm water. Upon year 1749, has shewn, by undoubted ex- the next day the external crust began to periments, that these waters partake al- grow soft ; upon the third, you inight ways of an alcaline principle: for every make an impression thereupon with your pint of them, besides the neutral purging nail, as upon cheese ; upon the fourth Talt, contains three grains of alcaline and fifth, it was diffolved to the nucleus ; falt, and ten grains of calcarious earth; upon the fixth, the nucleus itself was diffor which reason they ferment with eve. Colved, and in the bottom of the bason ry fpecies of acids. I before mentioned, there was left a white viscid mass, like that these waters have great analogy pultice, or newly-steeped cheese : this with lime-water; and if they continue was impalpable between the fingers. In in the baths for any considerable time, this time the bason was incrusted with a they not only turn milky, like lime-wa- very hard tophaceous mass, of the thickter, but have a pellicle upon them as nels of a quill. Certain calculi, not

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